F. stérilité.] 1. Def.: The quality or condition of being sterile. 2.(Biol.) Def.: Quality of being sterile; infecundity; also, the state of being free from germs or spores. Sterilization, n. (Biol.) Def.: The act or process of sterilizing, or rendering sterile; also, the state of being sterile. Sterilize, v.
T. [imp. & p.
P. Sterilized(?); p.
Pr. & vb.
F. stériliser.] 1. Def.: To make sterile or unproductive; to impoverish, as land; to exhaust of fertility. [R.] \’bd’Sterilizing’ the earth.\’b8 Woodward.2.(Biol.)(a) Def.: To deprive of the power of reproducing; to render incapable of germination or fecundation; to make sterile. (b) Def.: To destroy all spores or germs in (an organic fluid or mixture), as by heat, so as to prevent the development of bacterial or other organisms. Sterlet, n.
Etym. [Russ. sterliade.] (Zool.) Def.: A small sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus) found in the Caspian Sea and its rivers, and highly esteemed for its flavor.
The finest caviare is made from its roe. Sterling, n. (Engin.) Def.: Same as Starling, 3. Sterling, n.
Etym. [OE. sterlynge, starling, for easterling, LL. esterlingus, probably from Easterling, once the popular name of German trades in England, whose money was of the purest quality: cf.
MHG. sterlink a certain coin.
Cf. East. \’bdCertain merchants of Norwaie, Denmarke, and of others those parties, called Ostomanni, or (as in our vulgar language we tearme them), easterlings, because they lie east in respect of us.\’b8 Holinshed. \’bdIn the time of . . .
King Richard the First, monie coined in the east parts of Germanie began to be of especiall request in England for the puritie thereof, and was called Easterling monie, as all inhabitants of those parts were called Easterlings, and shortly after some of that countrie, skillful in mint matters and allaies, were sent for into this realme to bring the coine to perfection; which since that time was called of them sterling, for Easterling.\’b8 Camden. \’bdFour thousand pound of sterlings.\’b8 R.
.] 1. Def.: Any English coin of standard value; coined money. So that ye offer nobles or sterlings.Chaucer.And Roman wealth in English sterling view.Arbuthnot.2. Def.: A certain standard of quality or value for money. Sterling was the known and approved standard in England, in all probability, from the beginning of King Henry the Second’s reign.S.
Sterling, a. 1. Def.: Belonging to, or relating to, the standard British money of account, or the British coinage; as, a pound sterling; a shilling sterling; a penny sterling; — now chiefly applied to the lawful money of England; but sterling cost, sterling value, are used. \’bdWith ‘sterling’ money.\’b8 Shak.2. Def.: Genuine; pure; of excellent quality; conforming to the highest standard; of full value; as, a work of sterling merit; a man of sterling good sense. Stern, n.
Etym. [AS. stearn a kind of bird.
See Starling.] (Zool.) Def.: The black tern. Stern, a. [Compar. Sterner; superl. Sternest.] Etym. [OE. sterne, sturne, AS. styrne; cf.
D. stuurish stern, Sw. stursk refractory. \’fb166.] Def.: Having a certain hardness or severity of nature, manner, or aspect; hard; severe; rigid; rigorous; austere; fixed; unchanging; unrelenting; hence, serious; resolute; harsh; as, a sternresolve; a stern necessity; a stern heart; a stern gaze; a stern decree.The sterne wind so loud gan to rout.Chaucer.I would outstare the sternest eyes that look.Shak.When that the poor have cried, Coesar hath wept; Ambition should be made of sterner stuff.Shak.Stern as tutors, and as uncles hard.Dryden.These barren rocks, your stern inheritance.Wordsworth.Syn. — Gloomy; sullen; forbidding; strict; unkind; hard-hearted; unfeeling; cruel; pitiless. Stern, n.
Etym. [Icel. stj\’d3rn a steering, or a doubtful AS. ste\’a2rn. \’fb166.
See Steer, v.
T.] 1. Def.: The helm or tiller of a vessel or boat; also, the rudder. [Obs.] Chaucer.2.(Naut.) Def.: The after or rear end of a ship or other vessel, or of a boat; the part opposite to the stem, or prow. 3. Def.: Fig.: The post of management or direction. And sit chiefest stern of public weal.Shak.4. Def.: The hinder part of anything. Spenser.5. Def.: The tail of an animal; — now used only of the tail of a dog.
By the stern
. (Naut.)See By the head, under By.
Def.: Being in the stern, or being astern; as, the stern davits.
(Naut.), a going or falling astern; a loss of way in making a tack; as, to make a stern board.
See Board, n., 8 (b).
. (Naut.)(a)See under Chase, n.(b)A stern chaser. —
(Naut.), a cannon placed in a ship’s stern, pointing backward, and intended to annoy a ship that is in pursuit. —
(Naut.), a rope used to confine the stern of a ship or other vessel, as to a wharf or buoy. —
(Naut.), the framework of timber forms the stern of a ship. —
. See Sternson. —
(Naut.), a port, or opening, in the stern of a ship. —
(Naut.), that part of an open boat which is between the stern and the aftmost seat of the rowers, — usually furnished with seats for passengers. —
, a paddle wheel attached to the stern of the steamboat which it propels.
. –> Sternage, n.
Def.: Stern. [R.] Shak. Sternal, a. (Anat.) Def.: Of or pertaining to the sternum; in the region of the sternum.
. See the Note under Rib, n., 1.
Etym. [So named after Count Kaspar Sternberg of Prague.] (Min.) Def.: A sulphide of silver and iron, occurring in soft flexible laminoe varying in color from brown to black. \’d8Sternebra, n.; pl. Sternebroe.
Etym. [NL., fr. sternum + -bra of vertebra.] (Anat.) Def.: One of the segments of the sternum. — Sternebral , a. Sterned, a.
Def.: Having a stern of a particular shape; — used in composition; as, square-sterned. Sterner, n.
Etym. [See 3d Stern.] Def.: A director. [Obs. & R.] Dr.
Def.: With the stern, instead of the bow, in advance; hence, figuratively, in an awkward, blundering manner. A fatal genius for going sternforemost.Lowell. Sternite, n.
Etym. [From Sternum.] (Zool.) Def.: The sternum of an arthropod somite. Sternly, adv.
Def.: In a stern manner. Sternmost, a.
Def.: Farthest in the rear; farthest astern; as, the sternmost ship in a convoy. Sternness, n.
Def.: The quality or state of being stern. Sterno-.
Def.: A combining form used in anatomy to indicate ‘connection with’, or ‘relation to’, ‘the sternum’; as, sternocostal, sternoscapular. Sternocoracoid, a. (Anat.) Def.: Of or pertaining to the sternum and the coracoid. Sternocostal, a.
Etym. [Sterno- + costal.] (Anat.) Def.: Of or pertaining to the sternum and the ribs; as, the sternocostal cartilages. Sternohyoid, a. (Anat.) Def.: Of or pertaining to the sternum and the hyoid bone or cartilage. — Sternothyroid, a. (Anat.) Def.: Of or pertaining to the sternum and the thyroid cartilage. Sternpost, n. (Naut.) Def.: A straight piece of timber, or an iron bar or beam, erected on the extremity of the keel to support the rudder, and receive the ends of the planks or plates of the vessel. Sternsman, n.
Def.: A steersman. [Obs.] Sternson, n.
Etym. [See Stern, n., and cf. Stemson.] (Naut.) Def.: The end of a ship’s keelson, to which the sternpost is bolted; — called also stern knee. Sternum, n.; pl.
L. Sterna , E. Sternums
Etym. [NL., from Gr. /, the breast, chest.] 1.(Anat.) Def.: A plate of cartilage, or a series of bony or cartilaginous plates or segments, in the median line of the pectoral skeleton of most vertebrates above fishes; the breastbone. In man it is a flat bone, broad anteriorly, narrowed behind, and connected with the clavicles and the cartilages of the seven anterior pairs of ribs.
In most birds it has a high median keel for the attachment of the muscles of the wings.
2.(Zool.) Def.: The ventral part of any one of the somites of an arthropod. Sternutation, n.
Etym. [L. sternutatio, fr. sternutare to sneeze, intens.
From sternuere.] Def.: The act of sneezing. Quincy. Sternutative, a.
Def.: Having the quality of provoking to sneeze. Sternutatory, a.
Def.: Sternutative. — n.
Def.: A sternutatory substance or medicine.
Sternway, n. (Naut.) Def.: The movement of a ship backward, or with her stern foremost. Stern-wheel, a.
Def.: Having a paddle wheel at the stern; as, a stern-wheel steamer. Stern-wheeler, n.
Def.: A steamboat having a stern wheel instead of side wheels. [Colloq.
Etym. [L. sterquilinium a dung pit, fr. stercus dung.] Def.: Pertaining to a dunghill; hence, mean; dirty; paltry. [Obs.] Howell. Sterre, n.
Def.: A star. [Obs.] Chaucer. Sterrink, n. (Zool.) Def.: The crab-eating seal (Lobodon carcinophaga) of the Antarctic Ocean. Sterrometal, n.
Etym. [Gr. / firm, solid + E. metal.] Def.: Any alloy of copper, zinc, tin, and iron, of which cannon are sometimes made. Stert, obs. p.
P. of Start.
Def.: Started. Chaucer. Sterte, obs. Def.: p.
Of Start. Chaucer. Stertorious, a.
Def.: Stertorous. [R.] Stertorous, a.
Etym. [L. stertere to snore: cf.
F. stertoreux.] Def.: Characterized by a deep snoring, which accompaines inspiration in some diseases, especially apoplexy; hence, hoarsely breathing; snoring. Burning, stertorous breath that hurt her cheek.Mrs.
The day has ebbed away, and it is night in his room, before his stertorous breathing lulls.Dickens. Sterve, v.
T. & i.
Def.: To die, or cause to die; to perish.
See Starve. [Obs.] Chaucer.
L., subj. 3d pers.
Of stare to stand, remain.
Etym. [See Stand.] (Print.) Def.: Let it stand; — a word used by proof readers to signify that something once erased, or marked for omission, is to remain. Stet, v.
T. [imp. & p.
P. Stetted; p.
Pr. & vb.
(Print.) Def.: To cause or direct to remain after having been marked for omission; to mark with the word ‘stet’, or with a series of dots below or beside the matter; as, the proof reader stetted a deled footnote. Stethal, n.
Etym. [Stearic + ethal.] (Chem.) Def.: One of the higher alcohols of the methane series, homologous with ethal, and found in small quantities as an ethereal salt of stearic acid in spermaceti. Stethograph, n.
Etym. [Gr. / the breast + -graph.] (Physiol.) Def.: See Pneumatograph. Stethometer, n.
Etym. [Gr. / chest + -meter.] (Physiol.) Def.: An apparatus for measuring the external movements of a given point of the chest wall, during respiration; — also called thoracometer. Stethoscope, n.
Etym. [Gr. / the breast + -scope: cf.
F. stéthoscope.] (Med.) Def.: An instrument used in auscultation for examining the organs of the chest, as the heart and lungs, by conveying to the ear of the examiner the sounds produced in the thorax.