Stepping Pace, Sobreandando 2|Page Different names for the same gait again.
The sobreandando is a four beat gait, with the same footfall pattern as the rack.
The difference is in the timing of the footfalls.
Where the rack is isochronal, the sobreandando is pacey, meaning that the lateral leg pairs strike the ground noticeably closer together in time than the diagonal leg pairs.
Listening to the gait, you would hear: pa-ca—pa-ca—pa-ca..
The more close in time the lateral leg pairs strike the ground, the more pacey the horse is said to move, and the less comfortable the gait is to ride. Foxtrot, Trocha, Marcha Picada Different names for a trotty four beat gait.
Again we have the same footfall pattern as for the rack, except this time, the diagonal leg pairs strike the ground closer together in time.
You would hear: pa—ca-pa—ca-pa—ca…..
The more diagonal the gait by increasing the time between the lateral legs landing and decreasing the time between the diagonal legs landing, the more trotty the gait becomes and the less comfortable it is.
Some people argue that the trocha is less tiring to the horse than the paso gait, and it still a lot more comfortable for the rider than a trot, so the gait is often used when long distances are to be ridden. Other Four-Beat Gaits There are other terms, such as Running Walk, Amble, Slow Gait and many others which refer to various types of four beat gaits other than a flat foot walk.
The listing of gait names is not complete, as every horse breed and language has a term for the saddle gaits.
Some horses are distinct in their way of moving, irrespective of the actual gait performed.
For example, Saddlebreds are known for their high knee and hock action.
Icelandics also have a lot of action but are renowned for their speed in toelt and pace.
Paso Finos are expected to show little lift but high collection and as little forward movement as possible whilst maintaining a very high gait frequency.
Peruvian Horses have a very loose shoulder which swings out with the whole front leg resulting in termino, being the peculiar way the horse brings his front legs forward in an outward arc.
A horse’s conformation will determine the way in which it moves.
Therefore an Arabian will move different to an Icelandic, and Paso Horse will move different to a Walking Horse.
This holds true for all gaits of the horse.
Training level, footing, fatigue status and load will further modify the way in which a horse moves. Information taken from Narrawin Stud in Victoria, Australia. 3|Page
Read more about Amble : Other Four Beat Gaits There are other terms such as….: