Horses are members of Equus ferus caballus that generally mature to be 14.2 hands (58 inches (150 cm)) or taller, but many breed registries do accept animals under this height and classify them as “horses,” as horse characteristics include factors other than height.
For the purposes of this page, if a breed registry or stud book classifies the breed as a horse, it is listed here as a horse, even if some representatives are pony-sized or have some pony characteristics.
Pony breeds are listed in the next section, below. A–C List of horse breeds 2 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Abaco Barb, see Barb horse Abtenauer Abyssinian horse Aegidienberger Akhal-Teke Albanian horse Altai horse Altèr Real, see Lusitano American Cream Draft American Indian Horse American Paint Horse American Quarter Horse American Saddlebred American Warmblood Andalusian horse some bloodlines also called Pura Raza Española (PRE) or Pure Spanish-bred Andravida horse Anglo-Arabian Anglo-Arabo-Sardo, see Sardinian Anglo-Arab Anglo-Kabarda Appaloosa “Appendix,” see American Quarter Horse AraAppaloosa, also called Ara-Appaloosa, Arappaloosa or Araloosa Arabian horse Ardennes horse, or Ardennais Arenberg-Nordkirchen Argentine Criollo, see Criollo horse • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Asturcón Australian Brumby, see Brumby Australian Draught Horse Australian Stock Horse Austrian Warmblood Auvergne horse Auxois Avelignese, see Haflinger Azerbaijan horse Azteca horse Baise horse, also known as Guangxi Balikun horse Baluchi horse Ban’ei Banker Horse Barb horse Bardigiano Bashkir Curly, see Curly horse Basque Mountain Horse Bavarian Warmblood Belgian (horse) Belgian Warmblood (includes Belgian Half-blood) Black Forest Horse, also called Black Forest cold blood or Schwarzwälder Kaltblut Blazer horse Boulonnais horse Brabant, see Belgian (horse) Brandenburger Brazilian Sport Horse (Brasileiro de Hipismo) Breton horse, or Trait Breton Brumby Budyonny horse or Budenny • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Burguete horse Byelorussian Harness Calabrese horse Camargue horse Camarillo White Horse Campolina Canadian horse Canadian Pacer Carolina Marsh Tacky Carthusian horse, see Andalusian horse Caspian horse Castilian horse Castillonnais Catria horse Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale Chickasaw Horse, see Florida Cracker Horse Chilean Corralero Chilean Horse Choctaw Horse Cleveland Bay Clydesdale horse Colonial Spanish Horse, see Types of Horse, below Colorado Ranger Coldblood trotter Comtois horse Costa Rican Saddle Horse Cretan horse, see Messara Criollo horse, also spelled Crioulo Cuban Criollo horse Curly Horse Czech warm blood Balearic horse, see Mallorquín and Menorquín • D-K List of horse breeds 3 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Daliboz, see Azerbaijan horse Danish Warmblood Danube Delta horse Dole Gudbrandsdal, also called Dole, or Dølahest Don, see Russian Don Draft Trotter, also called Light Dole, Dole Trotter, see Coldblood trotter Dutch harness horse Dutch Heavy Draft Dutch Warmblood East Bulgarian East Friesian horse, see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger Estonian Draft Estonian horse Falabella Faroese or Faroe horse, see Faroe pony in pony section Finnhorse, or Finnish Horse Fleuve, see Fouta Fjord horse also called Norwegian Fjord Horse Florida Cracker Horse Fouta or Foutanké Frederiksborg horse Freiberger French Trotter Friesian cross (includes Friesian Sport Horses) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • — Color “breeds” There are some registries that accept horses (and sometimes ponies and mules) of almost any breed or type for registration.
Color is either the only criterion for registration or the primary criterion.
These are called “color breeds,” because unlike “true” horse breeds, there are few other physical requirements, nor is the stud book limited in any fashion.
As a general rule, the color also does not always breed on (in some cases due to genetic impossibility), and offspring without the stated color are usually not eligible for recording with the color breed registry.
The best-known color breed registries are for the following colors: • • • • Buckskin (horse) Palomino Pinto horse White (horse).
Some of these animals are registered in the United States with the American creme and white horse registry, which was once called an “Albino” registry until it was understood that true albino does not exist in horses. (see White (horse) and Dominant white for details) There are breeds that have color that usually breeds “true” as well as distinctive physical characteristics and a limited stud book.
These horses are true breeds that have a preferred color, not color breeds, and include the Friesian horse, the Cleveland Bay, the Appaloosa, and the American Paint Horse. Types of horse See also Category:Types of horse A “type” of horse is not a breed but is simply a term used to describe a group of breeds that are similar in appearance (phenotype) or use.
A type usually has no breed registry, and often encompasses several breeds.
However, in some nations, particularly in Europe, there is a recording method or means of studbook selection for certain types to allow them to be licensed for breeding.
Horses of a given type may be registered as one of several different recognized breeds, or a term may include horses that are of no particular pedigree but meet a certain standard of appearance or use. Modern types • AQPS (“Autre Que Pur-Sang”), French designation for riding horses “other than Thoroughbred,” usually referring to the Anglo-Arabian, Selle Francais and other Thoroughbred crosses.
There is a registry for AQPS horses in France. • Baroque horse, includes heavily muscled, powerful, yet agile Classical dressage breeds such as the Lipizzaner, Friesian, Andalusian, and Lusitano. • Canadian Cutting Horse – any cutting horse in Canada, most of American Quarter Horse bloodlines • Cob (horse) • Colonial Spanish Horse, the original Jennet-type horse brought to North America, now with a number of modern descendants with various breed names. • Draft horse or Draught horse • Feral horse, a horse living in the wild, but descended from once-domesticated ancestors.
Most “wild” horses today are actually feral.
The only true wild (never domesticated) horse in the world today is the Przewalski’s horse. • Gaited horse, term used to describe any of a number of breeds with an intermediate speed four-beat ambling gait, including the Tennessee Walker, Paso Fino, and many others. • Galloway, a term used in Australia to collectively refer to show horses over 14 hands but under 15 hands. List of horse breeds • German Warmblood or ZfDP, collective term for any of the various warmblood horses of Germany, of which some may be registered with the nation-wide German Horse Breeding Society (ZfDP). • Grade horse, a term used to describe a horse of unknown or mixed breed parentage. • Hack, a basic riding horse, particularly in the UK, also includes Show hack horses used in competition. • Heavy warmblood, heavy carriage and riding horses, predecessors to the modern warmbloods, several old-style breeds still in existence today. • Hunter, a type of jumping horse, either a show hunter or a field hunter • Hunter pony, a show hunter or show jumping animal under 14.2 hands, may be actually of a horse or pony breed, height determines category of competition. • Iberian horse, encompassing horse and pony breeds developed in the Iberian peninsula, including the Andalusian, Lusitano and others. • Mountain and moorland or “M&M” is a general term which covers several breeds of pony native to the British Isles. • New Zealand Warmblood, a developing warmblood type based on Hanoverian and KWPF breeding. • Oriental horse, referring to the “hot-blooded” breeds originating in the Middle East, such as the Arabian, Akhal-Teke, Barb, and Turkoman horse • Polo pony, a horse used in the sport of polo, not actually a pony, usually a full-sized horse, often a Thoroughbred. • Riding Pony, a term used in the United Kingdom to describe certain types of show ponies. • Sport horse or Sporthorse, includes any breeds suitable for use in assorted international competitive disciplines governed by the FEI. • Stock horse, heavily-muscled riding horses of several different breeds, suitable for working cattle.
Not to be confused with the breed Australian Stock Horse • Warmblood, a group of Sport horse breeds developed for modern Dressage and other Olympic disciplines, including the Dutch Warmblood, Hanoverian horse, Swedish Warmblood, Westphalian horse, etc. • Windsor Grey, the gray carriage horses of British Royalty. • ZfDP, see German Warmblood, above. 8 Archaic types Prior to approximately the 13th century, few pedigrees were written down, and horses were classified by physical type or use.
Thus, many terms for Horses in the Middle Ages did not describe breeds as we know them today, but rather described appearance or purpose.
These terms included: • • • • • • • • Charger, see Courser (horse) Courser (horse) Destrier or “Great Horse” Hobby, see Irish Hobby Jennet, sometimes called Spanish Jennet Palfrey Rouncey Steppe horse, refers to various domesticated horse and wild horse species, particularly those from Siberia and other parts of western Asia List of horse breeds 9 Extinct subspecies and breeds These members of equus ferus either were a recognized, distinct breed of horse that no longer exists as such, or subspecies that have become extinct at some point since domestication of the horse.
This section does not include any species within evolution of the horse prior to modern Equus ferus caballus. Extinct subspecies • Tarpan
Read more about Andalusian : A C List of horse breeds 2 Abaco Barb see….: