Gallop: The fastest of the four natural gaits of a horse.
This is a four beat HYPERLINK “http://www.georgianindex.net/horse_and_carriage/horse-glossary.html” \l “gait#gait” gait. Gelding: A male horse that has been castrated. Girth: The strap around the horse’s belly which secures the saddle to the horses back. Gray : A HYPERLINK “http://www.georgianindex.net/horse_and_carriage/horse-descript.html” \l “colors” color of horse that ranges from white to dark gray.
All grays have black skin. Green: Used to describe a horse that has had a rider but is in the early stages of training.
Can also describe a beginning rider. Grooming: Maintenance of a horse’s coat, including clipping, brushing, washing, trimming mane and tail, and any preparation of the coat for showing such as braiding mane and tail. Hackamore: A bitless bridle used as reins.
Pressure on the nose and jaw are used to control the horse. Halter: A harness of leather or rope that fits over a horse’s head.
This is much like a bridle without the bit or reins.
It is used for leading a horse. Hand: A hand is 4 inches.
Height is measured at the withers, the highest point on a horse’s back just before his mane starts. Height: Horses are measured from the ground to the top of the HYPERLINK “http://www.georgianindex.net/horse_and_carriage/horse-glossary.html” \l “whithers#whithers” withers in ‘hands.’ One hand is four inches.
The average horse is 15 to 16 hands. 17 hands is very tall and only unusual specimens reach 18 hands.
Some horses, especially in the West, are smaller.
Ponies are usually less than 14 hands, two inches, though the words ‘horse’ and ‘pony’ can be used in variable ways in different contexts. Hinny: The hybrid animal produced when a female ass (jennet) is crossed to an older smaller stallion. Hock: The “knee” of the hind legs. Hoof Pick: A metal or strong plastic tool with a pointed end for picking debris out of the underside of hooves.
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