Canter – faster gait legs work in 3 steps (ex.
Left hind, opposite diagonal pair, right front) 5.
Gallop – fastest gait – legs move independently (ex.
Left hind, right hind, left front, right front) 6.
Rack – a gait in which the horse appears to be walking behind and trotting in front. Use illustrative slides (or PowerPoint presentation) to demonstrate the major classifications and sub-classifications of horse breeds. **Powerpoint: Horse Breeds (on http://aged.ces.uga.edu) The following is a list of major horse breeds that students should be familiar with, including major characteristics. A.
Draft – These are large horses that usually stand taller than 16 hands at the withers (1 hand = 4 inches).
These horses are very muscular and large boned, and generally used for work such as pulling heavy loads. 1.
Belgian – characterized by its usual color of chestnut with flaxen mane and tail. 2.
Shire – largest of all draft breeds 3.
Clydesdale – a fairly light draft breed made famous by Budweiser 4.
Percheron – usually black or gray, often crossed with lighter horses to make heavy riding horses. B.
Light horses – This is what most people envision when horse is mentioned.
These are, by far, the most numerous in terms of population and breed.
Light horses are generally used for riding and light carriage work. The following belong in a subclass of regular light horses.
These generally have only 3 gaits: walk, trot, and canter. 1.
Quarter Horse – the most numerous breed in the U.S.
Made famous by cowboys and rodeos.
Characterized by heavily muscled frame and angular face. 2.
Appaloosa – a versatile breed developed by the Nez Percé Indians from Spanish stock.
The breed was nearly wiped out by the U.S.
Calvary during the Indian Wars.
Characterized by various patterns of spots. 3.
Arabian – the most ancient of all purebred light horses.
This breed originated in the deserts of Arabia.
Characterized by a finely chiseled face and light bone.
The Arabian is known for its endurance and density of bone, which makes it a popular cross on many breeds. 4.
American Paint – this is a stock horse type (like Quarter Horses) that is characterized by its loud, splotched markings.
These markings can be in any color. 5.
Standard bred – this is a light racing horse that is known for its speed at a trot or a pace.
These horses race pulling sulkies. 6.
Thoroughbred – a popular breed originating in Europe.
Thoroughbreds are used in a variety of sports although most commonly associated with racing. 7.
Morgan – An American breed developed in New England.
Characterized by flashy gaits, hardiness, and versatility. The following belong in a subclass of Gaited horses.
Gaited horses are also light riding horses; but in addition to walk, trot and canter, these horses also rack, and do other fancy footwork: 1.
American Saddlebred – this breed is characterized by its flashy movements both front and rear and a very high head carriage. 2.
Tennessee Walking Horse – Developed by plantation owners in the south, the walking horse=s movements are characterized by high steps in the front and long reaching strides in the rear. — Letter to horse associations QUIZ MATCHING 1) A.
Pony ____ 1.
Thoroughbred ____ 2.
Standardbred ____ 3.
Clydesdale ____ 4.
Hackney ____ 5.
Shire ____ 6.
Arabian ____ 7.
Quarter horse ____ 8.
Welsh ____ 9.
Appaloosa ____ 10.
Name the two major racehorse breeds – how do they differ? 3.
Which breed is the most numerous in the U.S.? 4.
Which breed is the most ancient? 5.
Match the name of the gait with the footfall pictured — H.
Tennessee Walker K.
Connemara Pony L.
Quarter horse M.
Shetland Pony P.
Pony of Americas V.
Palomino ANSWERS 1.
Read more about Clydesdale – a fairly light draft breed made famous by Budweiser 4: