Amend Section 1600 as follows: §1600.
Pile Driving. (a) A danger zone shall be clearly delineated around the operating hammer where employees involved in cutting, chipping or welding operations shall be prohibited so as to protect them from the hazards of falling objects. (1) The employer shall establish the danger zone. (2) The danger zone shall be maintained under the supervision of a competent person. (b)(a) When conditions are such that a worker might logically be expected to work or be under the hammer, the hammer shall be secured in the leads by means of an adequate chock, toggle, or other device to safely support the hammer.
A blocking device capable of safely supporting the weight of the hammer shall be provided for placement in the leads under the hammer and used at all times while employees are working under the hammer. EXCEPTION: Where it is necessary for a worker, momentarily, to lean through the leads to spot a pile under hammer, it is not required that the hammer be secured in the leads. (b) Steam hose leading to a steam or jet pipe shall be securely attached to the hammer with an adequate length of at least 1/4-inch diameter chain or equivalent rated capacity wire rope to prevent whipping in the event the joint of the hammer is broken.
Air hammer hoses shall be provided with the same protection as required for steam lines. (c) Steam and air hammer hose connections. Safety chains, or equivalent means, shall be provided for each hose connection to prevent the line from thrashing around in case the coupling becomes disconnected. (1) All pile driver hose connections including those to pile driver hammers, pile ejectors, or jet pipes shall be securely tethered with an adequate length of at least ¼ inch (0.635 cm) alloy steel chain having 3,250 pounds (1,500 kg) rated capacity (working load limit), or equivalent strength alloy steel cable to prevent the line from thrashing around in case the coupling becomes disconnected. (2) Chains or wire rope shall not be shortened with knots, bolts or other makeshift devices. (d) Wherever it is necessary for workers to work aloft on pile drivers in normal operation, working platforms shall be provided. Such When used, platforms shall be of sufficient size so that the worker employee can easily avoid contact with the hammer.
It shall be surrounded on all sides, except between the hammer leads, with a railing or guard line 42 inches to 45 inches in height.
Guard lines shall be drawn taut and shall be at least 3/8 inch wire rope, or 1-inch Manila rope or equivalent.
If rigid railings are used, they shall be constructed in accordance with provisions of Section 1620., Article 16, with the EXCEPTION: that Pipe or structural steel railings may be used if of equivalent strength may be used. (e) Precautionary measures Precautions shall be taken to ensure that objects are secured against wind and accidental displacement, to which will prevent tools, material, and equipment from falling off elevated platforms.
There shall be a toe board at least 3 1/2 inches high Toeboards shall be installed on all sides of the platform in accordance with Section 1621(b). (f) Fixed lLeads shall be provided with a ladder, and adequate rings, or similar attachment points, so that the loft worker employee may engage the a personal fall arrest protection system to the leads.
The personal fall arrest protection system used shall comply with the requirements of Section 1670 Article 24.
If the leads are provided with loft platform(s), such platform(s) shall be protected by standard guardrails. (g) Stirrups shall be provided for use on sheet piles or a mechanical device shall be used to guide the pile into place.
If a worker an employee is required to go aloft on sheet piling, the worker employee shall use an aerial device or ladder or be carried up in a boatswain’s chair. EXCEPTION: Where it is unsafe to use an aerial device or ladder, a boatswain’s chair may be used in accordance with Section 1662. (h) The worker Employee(s) shall not ride the hammer. (i) Where work is to be performed, walkways at least 20 inches in width shall be provided across piles or other open work with the exception of those piles on which the driver is standing. (j) Where a drop hammer is used for driving piling other than sheet piling, a driving head or bonnet shall be provided to bell the head of the pile and hold it true in the leads. (k) Ring buoys shall be provided in accordance with Article 13 and located where readily available at intervals not exceeding 200 feet on all structures over water under the course of construction. Where workers employees are concentrated in groups, there shall be additional ring buoys consisting of not less than 1 additional buoy for each 25 workers employees in that area.
Portable standards or equivalent means to hold the ring buoys in plain view shall be provided.
Life saving boats shall be provided in accordance with Article 13. (l) All floating rigs, with the exception of small work rafts or pontoons, shall be equipped with at least 2 ring buoys. (m) In every crew there shall be a designated signaler, and the engine operator or winch operator shall receive signals from no other except, however, that when a worker an employee is aloft, the hammer shall not be moved except on the signal of the worker employee aloft.
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