Curb Bit : Holding her horse with single reins in a curb bit….

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Above Level (continued on page 8) 7 (continued from page 7) *breed* is he?” and she: “A gelding”.

It was a bit surreal, so I said “No, sorry, I mean what *BREED* is he? Quarter Horse? Arabian…?” and was then told: “Ohhh! I think he’s a Quarter Horse”).

Later in the day he was sold through the ring as an Arabian.

He cost me a whopping $125 and is turning out to be a wonderful horse.

The mares we bought who had been part of the seizure/forced sale were all ID’d, with the help of a MN Saddlebred owner.

One went back to her breeders (Calloways Caramella, who my Mom was very attached to and extremely sad to see leave), two went on to be broodmares and the last was found to be a successful former show mare who was able to return to the ring with a youth rider afLady, being saved from a terrible end, ter her rehab underweight but bright-eyed and full of life! was completed. “Blue” and “Lady” have settled in, though I think Blue isn’t too impressed with his new home.

We’re limited on where we can house stallions, so he’s currently stuck in a smallish panel pen quite a ways from the other horses.

Lady is a complete love.

One thing I have to mention about the Saddlebred community is that more than many breeds, they’re often willing to step up and help out other Saddlebreds in need.

And the registry is helpful as well, (as have been the NSH registry and the AHA).

When Blue and Lady are through with quarantine we’ll be hoping to find the safe, permanent homes for them, if you know anyone with a little extra room in their heart and on their farm. American Saddlebreds in History by Brita Barlow ast night I was reading Gone Away with O’Malley, an autobiographical book written by Martin O’Malley Knott DVM published in 1944 and came across the following excerpt which to me explains divergence from the American style of “english” riding, which evolved in to the Saddleseat style we know today, towards the true English style of riding which has evolved into what we Americans call the Huntseat style.

Remember, this was back in the day when shows did not require breed membership of the horses.

American Saddle Horses were supposed to be five gaited, and those who could not demonstrate five gaits were park hacks.

It was high fashion from the late 1800’s to the early 1900’s (both in American and Europe) to dock the tails of riding and driving horses.

Only the five gaited show horse did not observe this fashion, with few notable exceptions, such as the great five gaited mare Lou Chief who had her tail docked later in life.

In fact, few three gaited show horses were docked.

The only one who comes to mind is Poetry of Motion.

O’Malley writes…. “On my own horses that I bought in Virginia or picked up on the horse exchange, I made a good profit.

Chiefly I dealt in hunters, for although the high–stepping saddle horse was at the height of his popularity, his place was becoming more and more restricted to the show ring.

The truth was that the market for the old–fashioned road hack which covered good distances along the old dirt roads had been ruined by hard roads and the automobile.

He had served his purpose well and was a fine utilitarian horse with his five gaits, the walk, trot and canter, the single-foot and the rack.

The rack is faster than the trot.

The single–foot, so the legend goes, was developed by the housewife hurrying to market with a basket of eggs.

Holding her horse with single reins in a curb bit to keep him from trotting, but urging him to his fastest walk, she taught him to take very short, quick steps.

With only one foot on the ground at a time he went so smoothly that she arrived at the market without scrambling the eggs.

But I saw some fine show riding in those years when Durland’s was flourishing and Tichnor, Grand & Company, the old American Horse Exchange was enjoying a new elaborate building above Columbus Circle in New York.

Tichnor, Grand housed four hundred and fifty horses, built an enormous riding ring on the sixth floor and handsomely appointed clubrooms on the others.

The Will Maddisons came over from England to conduct classes, and a very handsome couple they were when they led the drill around the ring, turned out in London’s best.

It was during these expansive years that the vogue for the high-stepper reached the absurdity when show horses wore shoes especially weighted to increase their action.

I remember how shocked we were, exhibitors and spectators, when Vivian Gooch came over from England to judge at the Madison Square Horse Show and picked horses without high action but with the most Thoroughbred blood in them.

And, most outrageous of all, he favored long tails.

Everybody grumbled that Gooch had deliberately selected the most wretched entries in the show—“daisy cutters” was the sneering term applied to them—but when the talk died down, the exhibitors did a lot of thinking.

Next year Gooch’s influence was seen in the awards of almost every class.” L Above Level (continued on page 9) 8 (continued from page 8) O’Malley Knott emigrated from Ireland to study veterinary medicine, and set up practice in Plainfield, NJ.

He was a horse dealer, founding member of the famous Millbrook Hunt, and developer of the equestrian program at the Bennet Girl’s School in Millbrook.

Not able to date Dr.

Knott’s lifetime other than mid–1800’s to mid–1900’s, I Googled when Vivian Gooch judged the National show and found the following NY Times article published September 29, 1918.

That would date the event around 1903.

DOCKED HORSES NOW PASSE No Room for Old Style Equine at National Horse Show In making up the prize list soon to be issued for the National Horse Show at Madison Square Garden on Nov. 11-15 [1918], all classes for docked saddle horses have been eliminated, the type having become so nearly extinct that the few shown hereafter will have to compete with the long tailed horses of the thoroughbred type which now dominate the show rings and the bridle paths of Central Park.

This action of the association is deemed to mark the passing of the oldtime New York type of saddle horse which held undisputed sway in the early days of the [National] horse show, back in 1883, and for many years afterward.

The beginning of the end came when Vivian Gooch, of Windsor, England, was engaged to judge at the garden about 15 years ago [1903].

He pronounced the American saddle horses too “harnessy”, meaning they looked like harness horses , and in judging he gave the principle prizes to a few long-tailed horses of the Thoroughbred type exhibited by horsemen who knew what the English expert liked.

Owners and admirers of the brilliant actioned, high styled, docked horses raised a commotion over Gooch’s revolutionary awards, but the association stood behind him, and he came back year after year until the English type was firmly established here.

Exhibitors of docked horses threatened to go on strike when the tide began to run strongly against them, and the National Horse Show Association then poured oil on the troubled waters by making separate classes for docked and undocked saddle horses.

Entries in the later increased year after year, while the others fell off steadily until last season they were noticeably few, and now they have been abandoned, probably for good.

Experts say that not more than half a dozen docked saddle horses are likely to be shown this season, while there may be hundred of the now fashionable English type.

Right, is a painting done by George Ford Morris for the show poster of the Chicago Horse Show dated 1913 featuring Vivian Gooch and “Madame X” ironically on a docked saddle horse. Killing with Kindness Insulin Resistance and other Metabolic Issues by Brita Barlow emember the good ole days when the only times you worried about foundering your horse was if he got into the grain bin, or was accidentally let out on too much spring grass? Can you imagine that it is possible to kill your horse on a diet of plain grass hay? Well, neither did we until it happened in our own barn. — Above Level 11 (continued from page 11) Sporthorse Terms fence—these horses are not easy to sit on over a fence. 8. Daisy cutter: a horse that glides over the ground with a “toe flicking” movement- no motion—preferred in show hunter prospects. 9. Fancy: an attractive horse or pony that is a good mover and good jumper for the show ring. 10. Half pass: is a movement performed in competition in the trot and canter.

The horse must maintain a correct bend in the direction that it is traveling, and move forward at a correct pace. 11. Hollow: used to describe a way of moving or a jumping style in which the horse is not rounded. 12. “Jerks his knees”: the ability of a jumper or hunter to pull their forearms up above level (90*) over a jump. 13. Impulsion: the natural tendency of a horse to want to move forward from the leg without undue aids—the horse should not run from the leg either, but rather, wait to be asked to move forward. 14. Lateral work: work which is done on an angle, as opposed to a straight line.

In lateral work, the horse must cross their legs, to some extent.

In correct work of this kind, a horse is expected to move forward as much as sideways. 15. Leg yield: a basic lateral movement where the horse moves sideways, maintaining a parallel line to the out- Showhorse Terms possible with a plain surcingle. 8. Flat shod or in plates: indicates a horse with a keg shoe on. 9. Forward-headed: A neck set which does not easily allow a horse to carry the underside of their neck perpendicular to the ground when working. 10. Full bridle: a bridle as used on show horses, with a snaffle and curb bit on it, two sets of reins, and a bradoon hanger for the snaffle bit.

Usually, a colorful browband and occasionally, a matching caveson are used for showing. 11. Game: a horse with an intense desire to please and go forward.

This is very desirable in a high quality show horse. 12. Good order: a horse that is in acceptable weight and condition.

High order could be the best type of condition, and “no kind of order” is an example of a phrase describing a horse in poor condition. 13. Harness horse: refers to a fine harness horse- these horses typically must have high collected animated motion.

They are judged at the walk, trot and park trot ( a slightly stronger trot). 14. Hingey: indicates a horse that has the conformational ability to set his head in a show horse headset.

Usually this would include a somewhat “S” shaped neck. 15. Hocks: the ability of a horse to use their hind end.

A horse who pulls their legs up, closing the angle on all Sporthorse Terms side of the arena.

This is the only lateral work where the horse is not required to bend in the direction that he is going. 16. Lengthenings: the beginning of asking a horse for extended gaits.

A lengthening should show a horse making the stride longer—not faster—the highest form of a lengthening is an extension—where the horse should appear to float in the gait. 17. Line: a sequence of fences. 18. Mannerly: For this purpose, refers to a horse that will stand to be mounted from the ground, is not girthy, mouthy, etc. 19. Moves from behind: the horse has an active, driving hind end, and steps up under himself to push forward. 20. Moves uphill: the horse steps up under itself, and transfers weight from the forehand to the hindquarters. 21. On the bit: the horse maintains a consistent and even contact through the reins to the rider. 22. On the muscle: describes a horse that is full of himself, and may play and run through the bridle. 23. Over-bent: refers to a horse that is trying to avoid the bit by over flexing at the poll OR to a horse that is moving his head and neck to the inside of a circle, but keeps his body in a straight line (as opposed to having his entire body reflect the diameter of the circle). 24. Over-track: tracks of the hind feet Showhorse Terms hind end joints would be desirable. 16. Hooky or double hinge: refers to a horse with whose neck has almost an “s” curve to it, allowing them to pick up their head higher, and set their chin closer to their chest.

For show horse purposes, the underside of the neck should be perpendicular to the ground. 17. Jog: driving a horse using a jog cart­ —a sulky like cart usually with bicycle tires.

One of the preferred ways of working show horses. 18. Long line: ground driving a horse with two lines—can be done on a circle, or up and down an arena wall.

Usually referred to as “lining”—a preferred method of working show horses. 19. “March a trot”: used when a horse has the ability to demonstrate correct motion in front and hind ends, at a correct cadence. 20. Motion: the ability of a horse to lift their legs. “Level” describes motion that has the horses forearm parallel to the ground. 21. Necky: refers to a horse with a longer, more swan–like neck. 22. Oily: describes a horse with seamless, smooth movement. 23. Park out: originally for ease of mounting when ridden, and to exaggerate the desirable flat top line for showing a horse on the line or in photos, the American Saddlebred stance shows the horse with his front legs (continued on page 13) Above Level 12 (continued from page 12) Sporthorse Terms exceed those of the forefeet in the gait. 25. Packer: a horse that know his job well enough, and is honest enough, to take care of his rider. 26. Pirouettes: a turn in place done in the rhythm of the gait.

The horses hindquarters should stay as close to the center of the circle that is created as possible.

Walk and canter pirouettes are required movements in third and fourth level, respectively. 27. Round: describes the arc that a horse makes over a fence (head and neck stretched forward, good propulsive effort from behind).

In dressage, this describes a horse that is tracking up, engaging the hindquarters, and holds its head and neck in the proper arch. 28. School Master: a dressage horse that knows his job well enough to teach it. 29. Self carriage: the ability of a horse to balance themselves, with minimal aids from the rider, in a correct frame. 30. Short girth: many dressage saddles are made with long billets, and therefore require a short girth, as opposed to short billets, and a regular girth.

The purpose is mainly to move the buckles down out of the riders way, and allow for greater comfort and contact. 31. Simple change of lead: in dressage, these are executed through

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