26 26 28 28 29 Percheron Shire Clydesdale Breton 31 32 33 Part 4 :Beasts of Burden Table o f Contents Introduction Part I: Creatures of Wind and Fire War Travel Leisure Dressage Work Elephant Indian Elephant African Elephant Camel Charioteering War Racing 34 35 37 37 40 Part 5: Steeds of Legend Pegasus Gryphon Aughisky Unique or Exceptional Steeds Golemic Steeds Fey Horses Myth Roman Celtic Chinese Hindu Voudoun Centaurs Male and Female Symbolism Learning the Horse Coloration Markings Measurements Physical Structure Age Communication Types of Horse Destrier: War-Steed The Palfrey: Everyday Ambler The Courser: Hot-blooded Speedster Pack Animals Hunter 41 42 43 43 44 44 45 46 46 48 Part 6 : Steed Creation — Lnjuries and Diseases (cont’d) When exposed to the disease, the horse makes a Fortitude Save at D C 10.
If it fails, it takes I d 6 points of damage per day from the sores.
Salves act in the same fashion as a Potion of Cure Light Wounds.
The animal stops receiving damage upon treatment, and heals back Id8 points of damage per day with a modern salve or I d 4 points per day with mud. Set Fast: The muscles of an over-worked horse’s back and hindquarters will eventually seize up, and, in severe cases, the horse will pass blood in its urine.
A combination of too little food and overwork is likely to cause this problem, which is very painful to the animal.
The muscles are hard to the touch, much like a muscle cramp in a human, and the horse has a very difficult time moving forward.
Once again, in modern times there are muscle-relaxing drugs that can help, but in older settings all that can be done is to let the horse rest and hope for the best.
In severe cases, the horse will have to be destroyed. A horse that is overworked (ridden too long, asked to pull something too heavy for it, etc.) must make a Fortitude Save at D C 10.
Those that have not been receiving enough high-energy feed (see page S), suffer a -2 Circumstance Penalty per day they have been underfed.
A failure causes the animal t o suffer Id3 points of Temporary Dexterity Damage.
Its Speed is also reduced by 5 feet. In addition, a horse suffering from Set Fast can aggravate the condition.
Every day that the horse is not simply resting, it makes another Fortitude Save a t D C 12.
If this roll is failed, the horse aggravates its muscles and sustains another Id3 points of Temporary Dexterity Damage and another 5-fOOt reduction in Speed.
In modern settings drugs will relax the muscles and heal 1d2 points of Dexterity Damage upon application.
In fantasy settings a Remove Disease spell will cure it.
Otherwise, the animal must rest until the damage is healed. + Dressage Dressage, or the sport of riding a horse though very specific paces, is quite ancient.
It has its origins in the military, where horses were [rained to perform specific movements and to maintain a precise gait.
Soldiers riding in the cavalry must have their hands free to fight, and explorers often measured the distance between two points by counting the strides of their steeds.
In order t o be guided by a master whose hands were filled with a shield and sword (or lance), the horse had to be responsive to subtle shifts in the rider’s balance and leg pressure.
Training a horse for dressage is a very demanding art, and it takes time and patience to accurately instruct the animal t o the pressures of this riding style.
In the early stages of training, the major objective is to have the horse carry the rider’s weight over his hindquarters.
This improves the “lightness” of the forehand and makes the animal more agile IO ~ ~~ and easier to steer and stop.
Any horse can perform the basic movements of dressage.
In fact, some stables insist that all of their horses receive this training since it is invaluable even when the rider is controlling the steed with bit and rein.
Some primitive cultures instinctively use dressage, training their horses entirely without rein control.
These horses are extremely sensitive to the pressure of a rider’s leg and the shifting of balance upon their backs.
Consequently, they often respond very poorly to a badly trained rider.
An equestrian that does not understand the commands he or she is mistakenly giving by shifting around on the horse’s back or by squeezing with the legs can confuse the animal and cause it to respond with anger and distress.
In dressage competitions, the horse and rider perform in tests that display the horse’s balance, obedience, and suppleness.
T h e horse and rider are judged as a pair, and they must perform a specific set of maneuvers.
Typically, they demonstrate three basic gaits (walk, trot, and canter) and move in a number of patterns that includes circles and figure-eights.
At more advanced levels, the skills and patterns become more complicated, including diagonals, serpentines, flying changes, and pirouettes.
Among the more interesting movements are the pi@, a highly “collected” movement in which the horse trots on the spot, and the passage, an elevated trot that makes the horse appear to float. c The Pooka The Pooka is one of a variety of Celtic monsters that appear in the shape of horses.
Pookas are Irish in origin, but their cousins can be found throughout the Celtic world.
They run along the shoreline of lakes and oceans, luring unwary travelers into taking a ride on their backs.
The unfortunate person who does so finds himself or herself bound onto the back of the creature, unable to dismount.
T h e pooka then dives into the water, drowning the victim before devouring him or her in the depths of the water.
However, on the Celtic Feast of Samhain, the pooka becomes more benevolent.
It will trample blackberries into wine and grant petitioners a vision of the future.
Related creatures include the kelpie and the ea& uisge.
None of the other mythical horses has the prophetic abilities of the pooka.
Stats for each of these monsters can be found in Avalanche Press’s AGE.
Sourcebook on Celts, CELTIC work Although having proved its worth in war, travel and sport, the horse waited some time before joining the regular workforce.
Throughout Hellenic, Roman, and early medieval times.
Oxen and donkevs remained I the primary cart-pullers and fieldworkers.
The horse began its labors in the field, but, with the prestige and honors given to horses for their fighting and battlefield prowess, they were quickly taken by the upper classes.
Few peasants or merchants in the early Bronze Age could afford a horse, and rarely would they use such a noble animal in their fields or pastures as a worker.
The horses of the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Empires were too light and small to compete with the o x in pulling large loads.
Horses were bred from smaller ponies, not as hardy as burros or donkeys, and therefore incapable of bearing the enormous loads that an o x could draw.
Horses were bred for speed and stamina, not for strength or mass.
They ate nearly twice as much as a donkey and required more pastureland than oxen.
Their comparatively less efficient digestive systems meant they were fed more often and they required more expensive feed t o keep their trim.
Until heavier breeds were created in the Celtic lands, the horse was limited to military campaigns, chariot races, and other forms of aristocratic luxury.
Like their Persian counterparts, the Japanese Emperors used mounted couriers for their communication network.
In the realm of daily activity, horses pulled carts but not plows since Japanese agriculture was and is centered on rice, which requires a completely different method of cultivation.
In Japan, as in Europe, the horse was primarily identified with power and privilege, although many a humble farmer kept one to pull his cart to the local market.
The basic differences in agriculture and social factors meant that the horse had somewhat less influence on Japanese economic and political development than in the West. 3 Myth Cultures of the ancient world evolved various mythologies that reflected their values, ideals, and visions of the past.
The presence of the horse is common to many of them.
It is frequently represented as a powerful, intelligent, and beautiful creature. dangerous, feral creatures that lived in the sea foam.
They would come up on land t o eat the lush grasses only a t high tide.
If a rider jumped onto its back, it would carry the poor fool directly into the sea without pause.
Only the strongest riders or those with a bridle made of spider webs, could turn the ushtey’s head away from the water and force it to serve as a steed. — Hunter The hunter is a type of horse that is indigenous to Britain and Ireland.
It is not a breed because it lacks fixed common characteristics and varies according to the requirements of the country in which it is ridden.
Hunters can come from any stock of light riding horse and are trained for many different tasks.
The horse may be a half-breed or even of completely mixed lineage, so long as it is capable of enduring the run, jump, or steeplechase of its conditions.
A hunter must be sound, well-balanced, and quick and able to tackle any sort of obstacle that appears in its path.
A good hunter is very solid in temperament and will not balk or bolt at surprises. Destrier: War-steed The destrier is the proud warhorse of battle, carrying knights and other heavily armed soldiers into war.
They are stoic, proud horses with titanic muscles and broad backs.
Many heavy horses are given war training, although some are simply used for carts, plowing, or other strength-related tasks.
Those which are trained to be destriers (whether light or heavy horses) Hack T h e hack is a show horse of great elegance, good temperament, and a solid conformation.
The majority of show hacks are purebreds, but it is not a requirement of the type.
Primarily, the hack (much like the palfrey) is designed for showing off the horse and rider in a public setting.
Hacks were the choice of nobility, who would often have two: one for riding to the park and one for riding in the park.
Hacks make extremely good show ponies and are often trained in light dressage riding or precision movements. and a heavy shire of the same approximate size may be over 2,000 pounds.
A light horse has features and a bone structure that allow for ease of riding.
Its back is long and thin enough to be comfortable between the legs of its rider.
The form of the back fits a saddle easily and is long enough for a rider and his or her gear to rest comfortably atop the mount.
The saddle lies behind the shoulder muscle, and the first eight ribs are flattened for ease of movement.
The I O rear ribs are rounded and “well-sprung’’ (forming a rounded barrel to the horse’s rear torso).
Light horses usually stand between I 5 and 17 hh. Cob A cob is a horse that is primarily trained for harness or carriage-pulling.
A cob is the “gentleman’s horse” and must be well-proportioned, strong, and graceful in its movements.
They are trained to step in tandem with a partner or a team and tend to be very easygoing horses.
Traditionally, a cob has a thick body with a wide, short neck.
Its structure is disposed to carrying weight and pulling heavy objects rather Riding horses have a long, low movement, and are very than to speed, although cobs are still expected to gallop A s 4 econom ical in their gaits.
This is so they can travel for when necessary.
A cob is expected to have the best distances with a rider and not grow weary Many horse lineages are bred for stamina as well as speed.
The slope of a riding horse’s shoulders is critical to this movement, and a “good” horse can be determined by looking at the slope of their shoulders as well as the length and movement of its legs. Hot, Warm, and Cold Horse breeds are often segregated into three types: hot-blooded, warm-blooded, and coldblooded.
T h i s is not an actual scientific delineation.
Rather, it serves t o describe the general temperament of each horse breed.
The Arabian and, to a lesser extent, the Barb, are the ancestors of all hot-blooded horses.
These light-boned, quick-footed animals evolved in hot, desert climates and are known for their difficult and volatile temperaments.
Heavy draft horses, the style often used as warsteeds, are much calmer.
Horses such as the Clydesdale and Percheron have large, strong bodies and more gentle temperaments.
Thus, they are considered the ancestors of the coldblooded delineation of breed.
Those horses that fall into the middle, such as the Welsh Pony, the Cob, or the Sorraia in addition usually to those horses of mixed blood are considered warm-blooded.
They are easier to control but also have some slenderness of feature. — The Pure Spanish Horse The Andalusian was modified as a breed in the 16th Century (between I567 and 1593) by King Felipe 11.
Taking the standard purebred Andalusians, Felipe altered them by selective breeding among the purest stock, creating a very distinct look for the horse.
These more modern Andalusians are n o less pure than their predecessors, although they possess a slightly different appearance.
King Felipe I1 formally established the standards for the breed that are recognized today as the Pure Spanish Horse, the Andalusian.
During these years, he decided to bring to life his concept of the “ideal horse, the ideal Andalusian.” H e looked at the basic horses bred in Spain, selected those that came closest to the idealized animal he desired, and directed that they be bred until their appearance was perfected in their offspring. Caligula and Incitatus Many nobles are fond of their steeds, and some are accused of giving their horses finer resting places and better grain than they give their peasants.
In many lands, this is true, but certainly no noble ever treated his horse as well as the Roman Emperor Caligula.
Incitatus was the horse of Caligula Gaius Caesar, who lived from 1 2 to 41 CE, as Roman Emperor and successor t o Tiberius (taking the throne in 37).
Caligula was known for his irrational and cruel behavior and was clearly mentally unstable.
To prevent Incitatus, his favorite horse, from growing restive, Caligula always picketed the neighborhood around the horse’s stable with troops on the day before the races, ordering them to enforce absolute silence.
Incitatus had a marble stable, an ivory stall, and a jeweled collar; he also had a house, furniture, and slaves to provide suitable entertainment for guests whom Caligula invited in the horse’s name.
Caligula would invite Incitatus to dinner, where he would offer him golden barley and drink his health in wine from golden goblets.
He swore by the animal’s life and fortune.
Rumors had that he even planned to award Incitatus a position in the Roman government.
Roman historian, Suetonius, wrote after Caligula’s death: “He even promised to appoint [his horse] to the Roman Senate as a consul, a promise that he would certainly have carried out if Caligula had lived longer.” (“the Pure Spanish Horse”) in Spain.
It is a strong breed, very distinct from the other major bloodlines of Europe, and can easily be distinguished even among a crowd of similarlycolored beasts.
When the Phoenicians arrived in Iberia in 2,000 BCE and the Greeks in 1,000 BCE, the Iberian cavalry was already a formidable force.
Using the Barb, the troops from North Africa swept through Europe and were only stopped by the horses of the Franks.
T h e riders and their steeds, the original Andalusians, became famous for their courage in fighting such a tremendous opponent.
Hannibal, in the Second Punic War (218-201 BCE), defeated the invading Romans several times with Andalusian-mounted cavalry.
This military use of the Andalusian horse continued with William, the Conqueror ultimately riding an Andalusian horse in the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
While hailed as “the premier warhorse,” the Andalusian is also well known for its trusting and kind disposition.
To keep their sweet temperament, it was declared illegal to mistreat horses in Spain and Portugal, and those who did so were put t o death.
This humanistic approach spread through Europe and was heavily influenced by the teachings of Xenophon.
Andalusians have a lengthy heritage thanks to the Carthusian monks, who bred the horses a t their monasteries.
Like many y such orders, the Carthusians held isolated locations where their members could fast and pray without interference from the outside world.
When chaos descended on society, as has ’ happened repeatedly in Spanish history, the brothers took 24 While the historical use of the Andalusian in Spain was as a farm horse t o work with the bulls destined for the bullrings, it was also the Andalusians that carried Spanish lords into battle.
They are parade horses, working steeds, messengers, and soldiers, and throughout their history, the Andalusian has been known as a strong and capable steed.
As the “acrobats” and most dexterous horses, they are often used for circus work or fancy dressage and are the only horses capable of several of the most difficult movements in competition.
Andalusians are used in Spain to fight in the bullring and to work stock on the farms.
They are considered one of Spain’s national treasures, an inheritance handed from father t o son through generations.
The purest of these horses are contained within the king’s own stable, a breeding ground of only the most excellent quality and lineage among the Andalusian steeds.
They are often seen in formal dressage competitions, in competitive driving as single horse or fourhorse hitch, and in a special competition of their own, the doma vaquero, which is a unique Spanish dressage, a formalized version of farm work.
The horse is trained in a specific reining pattern with elements of jumping, dealing with loose bulls, and other sporting events.
The Spanish cavalry used the natural agility, flexibility, collection and willingness of the Andalusiafi to great advantage.
These horses were presented in battle formation, tightly ranked together, in shoulder-in position with shields to the fore.
This allowed the shield to protect both horse and rider, presenting little to an opposing enemy to hit while allowing the rider’s lance or javelin t o be used effectively.
These horses were also able to perform the spectacular movements of defense and offense called the ‘Xirs above the Ground.” These are practiced primarily by the Lippizzan and Andalusian horses since n o others have the grace and acrobatic dexterity to perform them.
Perhaps the best quality of the Andalusian is the willingness t o work with a less than perfect human companion.
Andalusians are good-tempered and curious animals, eager t o learn and t o enjoy themselves through physical exertion.
Where other horses shy away from the strenuous physical training they undergo, the Andalusians look forward t o each day’s lessons as if they are playing a game.
They offer their best qualities to their riders eagerly, even after days unexercised.
The Duke of Newcastle, in 1667, wrote of the Andalusian, “it is the noblest horse in the world, the most beautiful that can be.
He is of great spirit and of great courage and docile; hath the proudest trot and the best action in his trot, the loftiest gallop, and is the gentlest horse, and fittest o f all for a king in his day of triumph.” The Andalusian is strongly built, yet extremely elegant.
A typical specimen stands 15.2 to 16.2 hh.
Its head is of medium length, rectangular and lean, and, in profile, is A Andalusian Statistics Andalusian steeds add the following modifiers to the standard statistics for Light Horses: + 3 Hit Points -1 Natural AC I slightly convex or straight with a broad forehead and wellplaced ears.
The eyes are large and kind, alive, oval, and placed within an orbital arch.
The neck is reasonably long, broad, yet elegant and well-crested in stallions.
The mane is thick and abundant.
Well-defined withers precede a short back; the quarters are broad and strong.
The croup is rounded and of medium-length.
The tail is usually abundant, long, set low and lies tightly against the body.
The majority of Andalusians are white or pale shades of gray, while only a minority are bay or chestnut in color.
The rare Andalusian is colored black, dun, or palomino, and those are considered to be extreme exceptions to the rule (and often prized for their uniqueness).
During the early history of the breed, all colors were found, including piebald and skewbald, but those traits have been bred out of the Andalusian horse by rigorous selection of breeding stock.
The Andalusian possesses a proud but docile temperament.
It is sensitive and particularly intelligent, responsive and cooperative, learning quickly and easily when treated with respect and care.
It is an intelligent and curious breed, prone to hurting itself if it gets too curious about dangerous things.
An Andalusian must be made aware of its entire environment, or i t will seek t o learn about the items and areas where it is not allowed to go. L ipizzaner One of the most interesting bloodlines that is descended from the Andalusian is the unique Lipizzaner that serves in the famed Spanish Riding School in Vienna.
T h e Andalusian is an ancestor of the Percheron, Hackney, Friesian, Cleveland Bay, Thoroughbred, Welsh, Connemara and Lipizzaner, but of all their offspring, this last is the most famous.
When the Habsburg family lost title t o Spain in 1714, they demanded the right to retain this breed’s lines and transferred the stock from Spain to Austria.
They established a new stud farm at Lipizza in modern Slovenia, giving the breed its name.
Grey and white are the dominant colors of Lipizzaner horses today.
Although all Lipizzaners are born ,I dark color, 25 — Clydesdale The Clydesdale, best-known descendant of the Shire, has made its mark on the horse community as a brave, stalwart, and loyal companion as well as a fierce and strong steed.
It was the first known heavy horse bloodline to be created from Shire lineages, and it is the most renowned.
Clydesdales are more solid counterparts to the English Shire, with thinner hair made for the hotter climes.
Their broader shoulders and squarer appearance, as well as their darker color, distinguish them from the Shire.
The Clydesdale is a very active horse.
It is bred for constant activity and untiring stamina, and this causes it t o be an overeager, playful horse with a great deal of energy.
A Clydesdale steps with a classic high lift of the feet, not scuffling along, with every step well above the ground.
Clydesdales were bred mainly in the lowlands of the English territories and were most popular in England, Wales, and Southern Scotland while Shires were more popular among the colder areas such as Northern Scotland.
The King of England once lost his Shire in a war against invading French and commandeered a working man’s Clydesdale to bear him into battle instead.
That horse carried the king t o victory and even stopped to defend him when the king fell from the saddle during a particularly brutal contest.
Because of this, there was a law passed in ancient England that Clydesdales were not allowed to be killed within the city limits of London, no matter what the cause – all due t o that one horse’s great sense of duty to its rider. + I Intelligence -1 Dexterity knight, whose horse would often be able to go for help, returning with the knight’s squires. T h e Shire horse is well-known for its substance and bone and is widely used in the breeding of the heavier hunter types in England.
It is not simply bred among its own lineage, but also used to better other English ones.
Even light horses are often interbred with the heavy Shire in order to lend the larger horse’s stability and stamina t o the offspring.
Some of the best hunter-type horses in England can trace their lineage back only one or two generations to the Shire.
Although Shires are not normally used as riding horses, they were used in battle by knights and other members of the English nobility.
They are quite capable of the simple forms of dressage.
Further, Shires can be trained to very complex tasks since they are highly intelligent.
The physique for this gentle and good-tempered animal includes a dense, rounded body with a broad back and strong loins.
A full-grown Shire may have a girth around its upper torso that measures as much as eight feet in length – a tremendous mass held upon its shoulders and forelegs.
Naturally powerful hindquarters are supported on excellent long legs with dense bone.
Shire horses are black, brown, bay or grey and usually have a blaze and some white markings on their lower legs and feet.
A characteristic feature IS their abundant hair (called feather) below the knees and hocks.
Mature horses stand 17-19 hands high and weigh 1900-2700 pounds, the heaviest of the large horse breeds.
Mares and geldings are slightly less massive.
The Shire has relatively large, wide-set, and expressive eyes, the nose is rather convex (“Roman”).
The shoulders are large and deep A Clydesdale has open, round hooves that are very thick in order to bear its tremendous weight.
Its hooves are extremely important since many older animals fail due to sore ankles or diseased feet.
A Clydesdale should have a nice open forehead, a flat (neither Romannosed nor dished) profile, a wide muzzle, large nostrils, an intelligent eye, and large ears.
It also has a highly-arched neck, much more so than its Shire predecessors and hearkening back to the Arabian blood in its veins.
The neck should rise out of a solid, muscular shoulder, with high withers that are more suitable for a yoke than for bearing a rider.
The Clydesdale’s back should be short and its ribs high and widening out very close to the backbone like the hoops of a barrel.
A good steed’s quarters should be long, and its thighs packed with muscle and sinew, quite brawny 34 when compared with other heavy horse breeds.
The Clydesdale should have broad, clean, sharply developed hocks, and big knees that are broad in front.
The impression created by a thoroughly well-built typical Clydesdale is that of strength and activity, with a minimum of superfluous tissue.
The idea is not to create a horse with grossness and bulk but one whose muscles are created out of quality tissue and depth as well as weight.
The most common color in the Clydesdale breed is bay.
Black, brown, and chestnut are also seen with roans (solid body color with white hairs throughout the coat) in all of the colors.
The most common markings are four white socks to the knees and hocks and a well-defined blaze or bald face.
Other common colorations include light roans and light steeds with dark legs.
Clydesdales rarely have small markings, and they tend t o have wide blazes, high socks that come up to the knee, and other easily seen, distinguishable markings against their darker hides. The White Horse of Uffington Many stories and legends are associated with the mysterious White Horse of Uffington, an amazing joo-foot image that appears to run across the distant British hills.
The White Horse is a work of art from early humanity, carved into the landscape in the shape of a horse and kept in chalk so that it would remain white and pure against the green landscape.
It is situated high on a hill on the Berkshire Downs.
Many local peasants believe the image to be of a dragon because the site is so near to Dragon Hill – the site where St.
George is reputed to have slain the dragon that terrorized the area during the rise of Christianity Other, pagan peasants, believe that the White Horse of Uffington was carved to celebrate the defeat of the Danes in the 9th Century by King Alfred.
The horse was worshiped by the Celtic people and was a sacred site to the Celtic horse goddess, Epona, who represents fertility, healing, and death.
Thus, this site may have been used for many rituals and ceremonies during the Celtic age.
The White Horse of Uffington is formed against the green grass of the area and continues to be kept clean by unknown forces.
It is a bare patch of chalk on the hill, upon which n o grass will grow and no animal will cross.
The White Horse of Uffington is I 10 feet in height, and 3 74 feet wide.
Its clean, sparse lines are constructed of deep trenches five to I O feet wide and two to three feet deep.
Each of these trenches is filled with thickly packed chalk. Breton The indigenous heavy horse of the Asian lands actually prospered in the Norse and Viking areas as much as it did on European and Asian shores.
It survived as a separate breed, however, due t o the cold climates of Norway and Switzerland, and the Shire’s lack of endurance in cold areas.
For this reason, the Breton heavy horse is popular in colder climates, and was often used by knights and heavy horsemen in the Northern European areas where even the sturdy Belgian Brabant does not go easily.
The Breton horse has a long history, dating back t o the time it was brought into Europe by Aryans migrating from Asia.
It originated in the upper mountains of China and Tibet, migrating east with settlers and immigrants through the beginnings of the 9th Century.
It was a direct ~ descendant of the steppe horses found in the Breton Mountains, breeding with native Oriental and European horses as it traveled through Europe and into the Black Mountains.
During the Crusades, these horses were captured and taken back into Middle Eastern lands, where they were once again bred to Oriental stallions and mares.
The final result of all this crossbreeding and widespread influence is the heavy horse known as the Bidet Breton.
The original Breton still lives in the Black Mountains of France, a purer line without the recent Oriental influence.
T h e Bidet Breton was popular with many military leaders during the Middle Ages due to its comfortable gait, which is between a brisk trot and an amble.
It is an easy horse to ride, even if one has no instruction, and its gaits are not dif- — Table 6+2:Breeds by Classification Light Horse Arab 1an Barb Spanish Andalusian Beast of Burden Camel Elephant duty” knight.
Instead, soldiers who are not planning to enter battle ride a palfrey: a short-legged, long-bodied horse that has a gentle gait and a beautiful appearance.
The smooth ride afforded by the palfrey also makes it a suitable mount for the wounded or aged who are unable to mount or ride a taller horse.
Palfreys are often the horse of choice for ladies and nobles, due to their great beauty and their flowing, smooth gait.
Palfreys are more acrobatic than other horses, using their high dexterity and greater intelligence to learn tricks and intricate dressage movements.
Requirements: Dexterity I 6 +, Intelligence 3 Legendary Steed Aughisky Fey Horse Gryphon Iron Horse Pegasus Terra Cotta Steed Pony Ariegeois Norwegian Fjord Shetland + Heavy Horse Brabant Breton Percheron Shire Class Features: Palfreys gain Class Features at a rate shown on Table 6-7. Lunge (Ex): At this level, palfreys gain the ability to lunge o u t of the way of danger.
If the horse is endangered by any effect that normally allows a Reflex Saving Throw for half damage, a successful Saving Throw allows the horse t o take n o damage.
This ability can only be used if the steed is lightly encumbered or less.
Swift Hooves (Ex): Palfreys are not fighters, but they are adept at dodging blows on the battlefield and gain a +2 Dodge Bonus when mounted and facing a single opponent (or rider and steed).
This bonus increases to + 3 if the foe is mounted on a steed that is not a Palfrey.
Preternatural Awareness (Ex): Beginning a t 8 t h Level, — has fully sensed its presence.
The horse retains any Dexterity Bonus to Armor Class even if it is caught FlatFooted or struck by an invisible attacker. can be found on Table 6-8: Feats Available to Steeds. Battering Ram [Elephant] Prerequisite: Elephant Benefit: With this feat, the elephant may use its charge attack against a door, wall, or other stationary object.
The elephant deals 3 d I o plus its Strength Bonus in damage to the object per round of the assault.
It also adds any other bonuses derived from attacking an immobile object. Steed Feats Horses and ponies receive one additional Feat every three levels, beginning at Level I.
Non-horse or unusual steed types receive one additional Feat every four levels.
Each class gains additional Feats as well. Steed Feats come in six classifications: General, Battle, Dressage, Elephant, Camel, Flight.
The last are only available to those animals capable of independent flight.
Elephant and Camel Feats can only be taken by those animals.
These new Feats may only be taken by the steeds themselves; they are not available to nonsteed characters. Steeds may also choose from a small number of the General Feats in the standard game.
A complete list of the Feats available to steeds and their classifications Table 63: Courser Class Features Level I 2 Attack +O Fort +2 Ref +O +O — Y Benefit: This steed is not spooked by loud noises, fire, the smell of blood or other battle hazards.
It suffers no penalties to its actions on the battlefield for unusual circumstances of this nature.
Additionally, it is immune to Fear effects. this Feat suffers a -4 penalty to all attack rolls, loses its Dexterity Bonus, and must make a Reflex Save each round it attempts t o fight.
Failure causes its t o take I d 6 points of damage in addition to any harm done it by its attacker. Fight in Harness [Battle] Benefit: Despite the dangers of fighting while harnessed to a chariot, wagon, or cart, sometimes a steed must defend itself on the battlefield or from natural predators under such circumstances.
With this Feat, the steed takes n o negative penalties for fighting in a harness.
Normal: An animal attempting to fight in a harness without F @ .
G Lead Change [Dressage] Prerequisites: Dexterity 14+, Sure-Footed Benefit: T h e flying lead change is an intricate movement performed while the horse is in full motion.
When done every stride it looks like the horse is skipping, leaping from one place to another on shifting ground and seeking purchase.
This Feat is used to avoid treacherous terrain, adjusting the horses’ stride as it runs in order to seek solid ground amid dangerous Class Features obstacles.
Steeds using Bonus Feat, Trick Riding this Feat ignore any penalties for rough or Lunge dangerous terrain. ~ Table 6-7: Palfrey Class Features Level I 2 Attack +O +I Fort +O Ref +2 — +5 +3 +3 +7 +3 +? 56 Half Pass [Dressage] Prerequisites: Dexterity 1 5 + Table 6 4 : Feats Available to Steeds The list below indicates which Feats steeds may choose and their classification. Benefit: The half pass is a dressage movement and is very acrobatic in nature.
With this Feat, the steed is capable of a sudden shift sideways while continuing forward in an open trot or canter.
This sudden shift is unpredictable and can allow the animal to avoid blows.
The steed and its rider receive a +4 Dodge Bonus to Armor class caused by Attacks of Opportunity.
Circumstances which make the steed lose its Dexterity Bonus to Armor Class (if any) also cost it this Dodge Bonus. New Feats Feat Battering Ram Desert Direction Sense Fearless Fight in Harness Flying Lead Change Great Leap Half Pass Heavy Burden Improved Charge Increased Stamina Massive Blow Pirouette Rear Kick Safe Haven Shoulder In Snatch Sole Rider Sure-Footed Swoop Attack Titanic Charge Tower-Bearing Trick Riding Water-Finding Way Home Classification Elephant Camel Battle Battle Dressage General Dressage General Battle General Battle Dressage Battle Battle Dressage Flight General General Heavy Burden [General] Benefit: This animal is used to the burdens of life and has been trained t o bear them with as little trouble as possible.
A steed with this Feat understands how to economize its movements and use its stamina most effectively, even on long trips or when overburdened.
T h e steed can carry half again its normal burden without penalty. Improved Charge [Battle] Benefit: The horse does not suffer a penalty to its Armor Class for charging.
It and its rider may both attack from the same charge. Increased Stamina [General] Benefit: When the horse takes this Feat, it can ride up t o two hours longer per day without suffering any negative effects.
This Feat can be taken twice.
Its effects are cumulative. Flight Elephant Elephant General Camel General Massive Blow [Battle] Prerequisites: Improved Charge Benefit: By hurling its entire body upon its attacker, the mount is able to knock its opponent off guard, pushing the target back with incredible force as per a Bull Rush.
This attack does not require a charge but does count as a Full Attack Action.
When the steed performs a Massive Blow, it does not provoke an Attack of Opportunity from the defender, and it may push the target back I O feet rather than 5 . Feats from the standard game. Feat Alertness Dodge Endurance Great Fortitude Improved Initiative Iron Will Lightning Reflexes Mobility Run Toughness Y Classification General General General General General General General General General General Pirouette [Dressage] Prerequisites: Half Pass Benefit: The dangerous and difficult pirouette is a complete 360-degree turn in a steed’s canter, altering the course of its direction without losing any of its speed or impact.
If the steed possesses this Feat, its charge does not have to be in a straight line, so long as i t covers the requisite distance. Rear Kick [Battle] Benefit: If the steed is stationary, it can kick with its hind feet, making a single attack at + I to hit.
This kick deals 2d8 the Strength Bonus of the animal in damage.
The target of a successful rear Kick must make a Fort Save at D C 15 the Strength Bonus of the steed or be knocked back I 5 feet. + + 57 Safe Haven [Battle] Benefit: The horse has an instinctive grasp of its rider’s condition and can carry him or her to safety even if the rider is unconscious or otherwise unable to control the steed’s actions.
The horse will carry a rider to a place where the horse feels safe (a barn, a nearby grotto or house where the horse was treated well), taking its passenger off the battlefield before he or she can be killed. Swoop Attack [Flight] Prerequisite: Flight, Dex 1 5 + Benefit: This flying steed is extremely agile and knows how to use its maneuverability and dexterity to assault opponents.
When making an attack from flight against a land-bound opponent, the flighted steed may move both before and after the attack, provided that the total distance moved is not greater than its speed. Shoulder In [Dressage] Prerequisite: Improved Charge Benefit: With this Feat, the steed performs a slanted lateral movement with the shoulder leading.
While running or trotting, it uses its weight and momentum to pass against its attacker, keeping his or her weapon tied up so that it cannot harm the steed or its rider.
The Shoulder In Feat allows the steed to move through an area without provoking an Attack of Opportunity.
The steed’s opponent in that area takes I d 4 points of damage if a successful attack roll is made by the steed. Titanic Charge [Elephant] Prerequisites: Elephant, Improved Charge, Massive Blow Benefit: T h e elephant may carry out a truly massive charge, driving the force of a single Bull Rush against many defenders.
If the elephant’s first Bull Rush is successful, it gets an immediate, extra Bull Rush Attack against another creature in the immediate vicinity.
The elephant may take a 5-foot step immediately after the first Bull Rush in order to target its next opponent.
The additional attack is made with the same bonuses as the original attack. Snatch [Flight] Prerequisite: Flight, Strength I7-k Benefit: The steed has the ability to snatch flightless opponents off the ground and carry them into the sky.
When attacking from the air, the animal makes a normal attack with its natural weapon.
This attack must enable the steed to carry off the opponent.
Thus, it must be a bite, a claw, or some other attack that would enable the steed to get ahold of its opponent.
If the attack is successful, the steed may immediately make a Grapple check as a Free Action and without provoking an Attack of Opportunity.
If the Grapple is also successful, the steed snatches the target off the ground and may carry it away.
T h e target of this attack must be at least one size smaller than the creature making the Snatch. Tower-Bearing [Elephant] Prerequisite: Elephant Benefit: This feat allows the elephant to move normally under the weight of a heavy wooden tower and with as many as three people aboard its back.
The elephant receives no penalties for movement and it considered to be carrying a Light Load for Encumbrance purposes.
Those inside the tower receive Full Cover. Normal: An elephant carrying a tower without this Feat is considered to be carrying a Medium Load. Trick Riding [General]
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