38 This course seems basic and uncomplicated starting toward the in gate.
The bending line from #2 to #3 is where the first option appears.
On a bending line, if two exhibitors ride the line equally well, the rider who does the more direct line with fewer strides should score slightly higher than the rider who does the longer line in a greater number of strides.
Our next challenge in this course is the option from #4 to #5.
Assuming all options are well ridden, Option A is the most direct route from #4 to #5 and it is also the most difficult and would, therefore, receive the highest score.
Option B is longer and less difficult; therefore, it would place below A.
Option C is much longer and gives a lot more time for balancing and preparation; therefore, it is the easiest option and would score lowest of the three.
The next area of discussion is the transition to the trot between #6 and #7.
Ideally, you would jump #6 well and land balanced with good control canter half of the distance to #7 and then handily break to a good trot with no loss of rhythm or forward motion.
You should then maintain the trot until the horse leaves the ground at the ideal point of jump #7, again with no change in rhythm or impulsion.
The trot fence headed toward the gate adds an additional difficulty to this particular course.
A horse is less likely to be obedient to the transition at “X” when the welcoming gate is in his field of vision.
When using this trot option there should be at least 72′ between jump #6 and jump #7.
One of the most important aspects of the trotted fence is to test the rider for the ability to maintain the connection with the horse in order to prevent a break of gait into the canter or walk in front of the fence, prior to take off.
The horse is expected to land off fence #7 in the canter and obtain the correct lead to properly complete the course around the end of the arena and into the final trot circle. 39 GLOSSARY ANGLES – Open or closed – refers to the opening or closing of rider’s angles at the elbows, hip, knees or ankles. (See Picture page 19) ADDRESSING OF REINS – Refers to the proper way of picking up reins.
The rider should pick up the reins from the neck.
One hand picks up the reins at the buckle, maintaining contact.
The other hand draws the reins through the first hand until arriving at proper length.
Both hands then assume the proper position.
BASCULE – The horse showing good form, rounding the back while in arc over fence.
BENDING – Is the part of performance on the flat that demonstrates the rider’s ability to supple his/her horse.
A properly bent horse is molded around the rider’s inside leg according to the shape of the turn.
BENDING/BROKEN LINE – The curved line of travel between two fences setting at different angles.
BIT KEEPERS – Small leather band which holds full-cheek bit in upright position connecting bit to bridle.
BREAKING GAIT – Momentarily switching to an incorrect gait.
BREAST COLLAR/PLATE – Most often used to hold the saddle from slipping backward.
COCKED HEAD – When rider’s head is cocked to one side.
The upper body weight usually shifts in that direction, too.
COLLECTION – The horse traveling with its hocks well under its body and its neck and poll flexed.comBINATION – Two or three jumps ridden as parts of a whole (including ‘in and out’, which is a combination of two jumps set 1 or 2 strides apart and must be ridden in the correct number of strides).
COUNTER CANTER – Calls for the horse to take the outside lead when on a curved line.
While traveling counter clockwise when on a curved line, the horse would be on right lead for the counter canter; while moving clockwise, it would be on the left lead.
In the counter canter, the horse should remain bent to the actual lead it is on.
COURTESY CIRCLE – One circle allowed to the rider before the first fence. 40 CROSS CANTER – Disunited in leads at canter.
Horse canters on left lead in front, right lead behind or vice-versa.
CROP/RIDING STICK/BAT – Short, sturdy black or brown leather crop.
DEEP SPOT – Leaving the ground too close to the jump.
DIAGONAL – At the posting trot, the rider should rise as the horse’s outside foreleg moves forward and sit when it strikes the ground. (Example: When asked for a right diagonal at the posting trot the rider is rising and falling with the right front leg of the horse.) This is referred to as posting on the correct diagonal.
DISTANCE – Distance between two fences.
DOUBLE BRIDLE – Also known as a full bridle, consists of a thin snaffle and curb bit.
Each bit is attached to its own headstall and its own set of reins.
EXTENSION – The horse’s lengthening from a medium stride into a long stride through increased impulsion.
FLEXION – The contraction of the horse’s neck that results from the rider pressing the horse into the bit with his legs.
When a horse is flexed, his head moves inward toward the vertical and his neck becomes more arched.
HALF SEAT – Basically the same as two-point position except rider places some weight on horse’s back.
HALT – Cease of forward motion.
HALF TURN ON FOREHAND AND/OR HAUNCHES – A forehand turn to the right is accomplished by moving haunches to the left.
A forehand turn to the left is accomplished by moving haunches to the right.
HAND GALLOP – A three beat, lengthened canter ridden in a two-point position.
IMPULSION – One of the most important aspects of performance either on the flat or over fences.
Impulsion is not the speed or ‘pace’ at which the horse is going, but the push power the animal has.
INSIDE TURN – Taking shorter route.
JODPHUR BOOTS – Usually worn by children, with garters or knee straps and elastic pant clips to prevent wrinkling and rubbing at the knee.
JODPHUR PANT – Pants longer than breeches worn over top of jodphur boots.
KEEPERS – Small leather band which secures loose leather straps. 41 LEG YIELD – Forward and sideways horse is bent away from direction of travel.
LINE – Two or more fences in a row to be jumped consecutively in a related distance.
LONG SPOT – Too far away from jump.
MISS – Miss your take off distance or “spot”.
NECK STRETCHED/SET JAW- When rider’s neck juts out of shoulders with a set jaw look.
Ear/neck should be aligned with shoulder.
OPTION – Rider’s decision to take the shortest or longest (tour) distance to a fence.
The shortest option has a higher degree of difficulty.
PADDOCK BOOTS – See jodphur boots.
PAST THE DISTANCE – leaving the ground too close to the fence PELHAM BIT – A combination snaffle and curb, has a set of rings connected to the mouthpiece and another set connected to the curb cheek, used with two sets of reins.
Mouth piece styles include a straight mullen mouth, a hard rubber or metal, jointed mouthpiece, or a port.
RATCATCHER – Ladies English shirt choker that can be button-on or attached to shirt collar with a pin.
REIN STOPS (GUARDS) – Attachments for reins to prevent rings of running martingale from catching on reins where they attach to the bit.
RIDE OFF – A test used to break a tie.
ROACHED BACK – Rounded back.
RUNNING MARTINGALE – Similar to the standing martingale except the upper chest strap forks approximately 12 inches, ending in rings that slip onto each rein with rein stops.
Purpose to limit range of motion of head.
SERPENTINE – May be performed at a trot demonstrating correct diagonal or the canter on the correct lead with simple or flying changes of lead across the center line.
SKIP CHANGE – Break in canter in an attempt to change leads, not to be confused with simple lead change.
SPOT – Terminology used to describe the place where horse leaves the ground in front of jump.
SPUR NECK – Length of ‘shank’ of spur.
Most common lengths 5/8″, 3/4″ or l”. 42 STANDING MARTINGALE – A strap that fits around the horse’s neck with a second strap crossing the first at chest center.
The chest strap loops around the girth under the belly and attaches to the back of the cavesson.
Purpose to limit range of head motion.
Keepers on the girth loop should not be behind the girth in an attempt to shorten this strap.
STIRRUP LEATHER RULE-Observe the stirrup leather.
When a rider is in balance the leather should hang straight down from the point of attachment.
If the riders leg pushes the leather forward or backward the leg is not in the correct position.
STRIDE – Two steps are equal to one stride.
At canter, from beginning of one series of foot falls to the beginning of next series of foot falls.
The canter is a three beat gait.
When backing, is considered diagonal pair of legs stepped backward.
SWAPPING OUT – Swapping of lead in front of jump.
SWAYBACK- Rider with concave back.
TOUR – (two definitions ) 1.
Riding around the course and jumps to familiarize the horse with the arena. 2.
Using excessive distance from one jump to the next.
TRANSITIONS – Specified changes of gait of horse or position of rider TROTTING ON COURSE – Breaking to trot from the canter displaying a loss of forward motion.
The exception is when a trot or trot fence is specified.
TURNOUT – Grooming and presentation of horse, equipment and rider.
TWO-POINT – A body position which can be assumed at any gait.
The twopoint refers to the two points of contact between horse and rider.
Legs of rider are on the horse’s sides while the seat is held out of the saddle Other common terms referring to the term two-point position are galloping position and jumping position.
UP THE NECK – Rider pushes out ahead of his/her leg often resulting in the lower leg falling back 43 RECOMMENDED READING WINNING WITH THE AMERICAN QUARTER HORSE by Don Burt (Doubleday) JUDGING HUNTERS AND HUNTER SEAT EQUITATION by Anna Jane White- Mullin (Trafalgar Square Publishing) RIDING by Kate Decker (Lyons & Burford) THE USPC MANUAL OF HORSEMANSHIP-by Susan Harris (Howell) HUNT SEAT EQUITATION by George Morris (Doubleday) THE AMERICAN JUMPING STYLE by George Morris (Doubleday) WINNING WAYS by Margaret J.
Cannelkl (Howell) BASIC JUMPING by Carol Foster (Crowood) SCHOOL EXERCISES FOR FLAT WORK & JUMPING by Eleanor Roff (Kenilworth Press) JUMPING: LEARNING & TEACHING by Froissard (Barnes) TEACHING RIDING by Diane F.
Solomon (University of Oklahoma Press) LEARNING TO RIDE, HUNT & SHOW by Gordon Wright (Garden City Books) THE HAND BOOK OF JUMPING ESSENTIALS- by Francios Lemaire de Ruffieu (Stephen Greene Press) EQUESTRIAN TECHNIQUE by Tris Roberts (J.
Allen) STARTS TO RIDE by Holger Heck & Volker Greiner (J.
Allen) 44 Judging is not absolute.
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