Reluctance to walk Leaning backward onto the haunches to take as much weight off the front feet as possible Heat present in the front feet, and a stronger than normal digital pulse In extreme cases, the horse may lay down to take the weight off his feet and refuse to get up.
Excess work on hard surfaces Diarrhea-Salmonella, Potomac Horse Fever, Colitis-X, etc.
Lameness Colic Pneumonia Uterine infection Obesity Retained placenta Any disease which causes a high fever for a length of time Causes of Laminitis Severe diseases or infection: Cushing’s disease Recently, Cushing’s disease, caused by a pituitary tumor, has been recognized as a cause of laminitis.
Horses which have Cushing’s are often extremely obese, have very cresty necks, do not http://www.horsenetwork.com/vet/askthevettopicsright.html Common Horse Emergencies pg4 Diagnosis and treatment of Laminitis In addition to diagnosing founder based on the signs listed above, your veterinarian may perform x-rays to assess the severity of coffin bone rotation.
If there is not an obvious reason why your horse has foundered, your veterinarian may also perform blood work to evaluate your horse for such things as Cushing’s disease or other systemic disorders.
Treatment of founder Decrease inflammation Increase circulation to feet Diagnose and remove causes of founder Corrective trimming or shoeing Phenylbutazone and other antiinflammatories Walk the horse 10 minutes 2-3 times per day Medications may also be used No grain, no rich hay Treatment of metabolic and systemic disease In acute founder, elevation of the heel may be helpful to decrease stress on the coffin bone.
A correctly applied heart bar shoe may also be helpful in order to supply support to the frog.
In chronic cases, trimming back the excessively long heel accompanied by squaring of the toe maybe helpful.
In acute cases which do not respond to medication or corrective shoeing, cutting of the deep digital flexor tendon, and/or removing the front 1/3 of the hoof wall from bottom to coronary band may be helpful.
Locations for Monitoring Vital Signs: A = Temperature B, C, or D = Heart Rate E or F = Respiration Rate Surgical procedures http://www.horsenetwork.com/vet/askthevettopicsright.html
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