(Hard) HIH515-4 Q: What is a fullered shoe? A: One with a crease all the way around shoe (Hard) HIH515-4 Q: What is the purpose of an egg-bar shoe? A: Supports rear portion of hoof – used for navicular disease, under run heels, etc (Hard) HIH515-4 Q: In order to alleviate tension on the flexor tendons and/or reduce the risk of forging, what horseshoe feature is frequently used in conjunction with an egg-bar shoe for horses with navicular disease? A: Rocker toe (Hard) HIH515-4 Q: What type shoe temporarily transfers weight from the wall to the frog while the wall area is healing? A: Heart bar shoe (Hard) HIH540-2 Q: What type shoe can you use to protect the foot while a corn is healing A: Bar shoe (hard) TH721 Q: Correction of a foal’s hooves must begin when the foal is a few days old & must be completed before what happens? A: Before the growth plate closes (hard) TH727-29 — Q: What is the approximate weight of a #1 shoe? A: 8 – 12 oz. (hard) TH740 Q: If the farrier holds the horse’s foot too high, what is likely to happen? A: Horse will be uncomfortable & try to jerk it away (hard) TH742 Q: What poor shoeing practice may cause forging or overreaching? A: Toe too long (hard) TH748 Q: What style shoe can help correct the horse landing on either the outside or inside wall? A: Square toe (hard) TH734 Q: How much does an aluminum racing plate weigh? A: 2-3 oz. (hard) TH738 Q: A horseshoe nail has 2 sizes of head – regular & city head.
Which is smaller? A: City head (hard) TH731 — Q: What is the term used when describing a winding or twisting of the striding leg around in front of the supporting leg – which results in contact like that of a rope-walking artist? A: Winding or rope-walking (junior) HH13/HIH230-5 Q: Describe paddling A: Throwing the front feet outward as they are picked up (junior) common knowledge//TH179 Q: Define cross-firing A: One lead in front with the opposite lead in back at the lope or gallop OR A hindfoot on one side strikes the diagonal forefoot (forging in the pacing horse) (junior) TH171 Q: What is the term used to describe the rhythmic, characteristic movements of a horse’s feet & legs? A: Gaits (junior) TH176 Q: A medium-fast, collected canter exhibited in Western classes is called what? A: Lope (junior) TH175 Q: Define lateral gait & give an example A: Legs & feet move in lateral pairs in performing the gait.
Front & hind feet on the same side start & stop at the same time.
Ex: Pace (junior) TH171 Q: What is a natural gait? A: One that’s performed by natural impulse & without training (the horse is born knowing how to do it) — A: Stride (junior) TH172 Q: Which natural gait is a four-beat gait with each foot striking the ground independently from the other three feet? A: Walk SENIOR Easy (Easy) TH179/HIH525-4 Q: If a horse is “forging”, what is he doing? A: Striking the forefoot with the toe of the hindfoot (on same side) (Easy) TH180 Q: What is it called when the hairline at the top of the hind foot hits the toe of the forefoot as it breaks over? A: Scalping (Easy) HIH230-5 Q: How does a pigeon-toed horse travel? A: Front feet will paddle or wing out when they’re picked up (Easy) HIH230-5 Q: What type of defect does a horse have if he dishes or wings in when he travels? A: Splay foot (toed-out), or possibly basewide (Easy) TH181 — (medium) TH173 Q: The walk is a 4-beat gait.
Is the sequence of footfalls lateral or diagonal? A: Diagonal (medium) TH177 Q: At a gallop on a right lead, what is the next foot to hit the ground after the right fore? A: Left hind (medium) TH179 Q: Forging is most apt to occur at what gait? A: Trot (medium) TH177 Q: Explain the footfall sequence of a horse on the right lead at the gallop, beginning with contact of the left hind leg with the ground A: Left hind, right hind, left fore, right fore (medium) TH51 Q: What is the term used to describe the canter of the Tennessee Walking Horse? A: Rocking chair canter (medium) TH172 Q: Most gaits are symmetrical – however, there are 2 asymmetrical gaits.
Name them A: Canter/Lope and Gallop — (bonus) TH178 Q: What are the 3 speeds of the paso gait? A: Paso fino, paso corto, paso bravo (bonus) TH172,178 Q: Name 3 gaits that have 4 beats A: Walk, stepping pace, running walk, amble, paso, singlefoot, gallop (bonus) TH179 Q: Give 4 examples of striding leg interference A: Forging, scalping, cross-firing, speedy cutting, shin hitting (bonus) TH169 Q: List 4 gaits that do NOT have a stride suspension phase A: Walk, foxtrot, amble, running walk, paso (bonus) TH178 Q: Two part question.
Name the unique 4-beat lateral gait which is essentially a broken pace that can be performed at 3 different speeds and name the speeds A: Gait – Paso Speeds – paso fino, paso corto, paso largo GENERAL EQUITATION / RIDING – SENIOR STUDY Junior (junior) HH20 — (Bonus) HIH110-4 Q: What are 3 advantages to leasing a horse? A: May satisfy desire to ride & cost less than owning, good way to determine if interest is serious (without initial expense & permanent obligation), good way to see if horse is compatible & what you expected before final purchase (Bonus) HIH210-1/TH132 Q: Name 3 things that should be considered in order to select the most appropriate horse for your needs & desires A: Age of rider, experience of rider, age of horse, horse’s level of training, cost, horse/rider combination, breed or breed type, management experience, color, registered or grade, purpose or use intended, temperament, sex (bonus) TH36/179/728 Q: What are 2 definitions of “forging” as applied to horses? A: Shaping of iron, striking forefoot with hindfoot (bonus) HIH110-1 Q: There are 2 general reasons that people purchase horses.
Name them A: Recreation (pleasure) & financial investment (bonus) FCH398 Q: In reference to the horse world, give 3 definitions of the term “maiden” A: Horse that has never won a race, rider or horse that has never won a ribbon, mare that has never been pregnant/had a foal
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