This term, popularized by Daniel Defoe in The Life, Strange, Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, was at least 153 years old when the author made use of it in this diary. This could be Eliza Ella Adair, a ten year old girl who, in 1871, lived in the home of Thomas and Eliza (nee Adair) Burrill. The Four Georges was the title of the lecture series given in 1860 by British novelist, William Makepeace Thackeray, during his final lecturing tour of the United States.
Thackeray died about nine years before E T Paterson made this entry in his journal. In an explanatory note on page 63 of The Manitoba Journal, 1885-1889, of William Moxham, the editor, Charles Deane Kent, indicated that “traps” were the personal belongings which one carried on a trip or expedition. This appears to be a reference to a sty or stye on the eye. This term, meaning [Colloq] to scold severely or to lose one’s temper, appears to have been in common use in the early eighteenth century.
Atlantic Merchant-Apothecary: Letters of Joseph Cruttenden 1710-1717, ed by I.
Steele, Toronto, University of Toronto Press,1977. Nine years after his North American visit, the prince became Alexander III, emperor of Russia. Colonel James Fisk was a flamboyant stockbroker and a corporate executive of the Erie Railway who was associated with the issue of fraudulent stock, manipulation of the price of gold and use of corporate funds to produce Broadway shows and to support its most beautiful stars, was shot to death in New York city’s Grand Hotel on 6 January 1872 by Edward Stokes, a business associate. On or around 27 December 1871, the Prince of Wales became ill at Sandringham with lung congestion and high fever and “the world expected news of his death at any moment”.
At the height of his illness he was visited by Queen Victoria and Prince Leopold.
Within two weeks his condition improved and he began to recover.
Through the media the queen thanked her subjects for their prayers and the love which they had shown during the illness of the Prince of Wales. – The Montreal Gazette, 4 January 1872 Charles Taze Russell, founder of the Jehovah’s Witness, renounced the creeds of orthodox Christian denominations and organized a Bible Study class in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania in 1872.
He and his followers viewed it as their responsibility to announce the Second Coming of Christ which would be marked by the Battle of Armageddon.
Using seven points, Russell taught that Christ’s advent would be personal, visible, audible, bodily, glorious, premillenial and imminent. Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, a British statesman and a Radical member of Parliament, had many loyal supporters who, in January, 1872, announced that they would hold a demonstration in his honour, prior to the holding of parliament. In 1872, Victoria Woodhull, an advocate of equal rights for women and a single standard of morality for both sexes, became a U.
Presidential candidate and the first woman ever to run for that office.
Married at age 15 and divorced at age 26, this former clairvoyant and member of a travelling family medicine and fortune-telling show, became a friend of the railway magnate, Cornelius Vanderbilt, who helped her to establish a successful brokerage firm in 1868 and to become publisher of a weekly paper in 1870. “Imputed and imparted righteousness” are terms which bear the mark of reformed theological hair-splitting over the question of salvation and divine pardon for human sin: “Is faith in Jesus Christ a ‘mere instrument’ by which humans are justified and made righteous in the eyes of God or is faith in Jesus Christ ‘the ground’ on which justification rests?” Sun dogs – so called presumably because they “dog” or mock the sun – are bright, sometimes rainbow-coloured blazes appearing on either or both sides of the sun.
Visible in Canada about ten times a year, usually when the sun is low in the sky, sun dogs are created by the bending of sunlight as it passes through ice crystals in cirrus clouds or ice fogs at altitudes of 5,000 to 15,000 meters.
Earlier peoples are reported to have viewed sun dogs as harbingers of foul weather and/or troubled times. On this church feast day, commemorating the purification of the Virgin Mary, candles for sacred uses are blessed. “Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.” – Exodus 20:12, The Holy Bible, King James Version The sect of evangelical Christians known as Plymouth Brethren was founded in the early 1830s in Plymouth, England, and quickly spread under the leadership of John Nelson Darby, a former clergyman of the Church of Ireland (Anglican).
Its members met (“went to meeting”) regularly for prayer and fellowship and emphasized Biblical prophecy and the imminent Second Coming of Christ.
Disputes over doctrine and church government split the community in 1845 into Exclusive Brethren, led by Darby, and Open Brethren who maintained a congregational from of church government and a less rigorous standard of membership.
The Exclusive Brethren experienced further division at a later date.
Brethren of all parties recognized no order of clergy as distinct form the laity.
They celebrated the Lord’s Supper every Sunday and most practised Believer’s Baptism.
Plymouth Brethrenism in various expressions was established in North America in the 1860s. Some Exclusive Brethren, following the practise of John Nelson Darby (1800-1882), baptized the infant children of members, but most Plymouth Brethren did not.
Instead, they practised Believers’ Baptsim exclusively, maintaining that a personal experience of the saving grace of Christ is the prerequisite of baptism. Thomas D’Arcy McGee (1825 -1868) was an Irish-born Canadian writer and politician who played a major role in the Canadian federation movement.
He encouraged the development of Canadian culture and wrote nationalistic poetry.
In 1868 he was assassinated in Ottawa, presumably for remarks made against the Canadian Fenians, a group of Irish Nationalists. These duns, most likely, were demands for payment of outstanding taxes.
The word “dun” may have been derived from Joe Dun, a 16th-century London debt collector. The Post Office, established in Kirkdale in 1872, was located in the home of William Burrill, who was Postmaster from 1872 until 1887.
His house in Kirkdale remains standing in 1999. The “Alabama” was one of several cruise ships which were built or fitted on “neutral” British territory during the U.S.
Civil War (1861 – 1865) and effectively used by the Confederacy to engage the naval power of the Union and to destroy its merchant marine.
The “Alabama” itself captured, sank or burned sixty-eight Union ships before it was sunk off the coast of France in 1864.
Angered by its weak military position, to say nothing of its financial loss, the U.
Government began as early as 1863 to demand apology and financial compensation from Great Britain.
When this did not come, the newspapers were filled with stories regarding the possibility of war and the annexation of Canada.
The dispute was resolved on 14 September 1872 when an international tribunal meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, ruled that Great Britain was legally responsible for the loss caused by the “Alabama” and awarded to the U.S.A.
A settlement of $15,500,000.00 in gold.
This peaceful solution represented a triumph for diplomacy and the force of international law. “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.: – 1 Corinthians 2:14, The Holy Bible, King James Version. A stone building, located not far from the railway tracks at Pierce’s Crossing, north of Melbourne and still standing in 1997, was said to have served as a school house and place of worship in 1872. The Grand Trunk Railway, largely owned by British investors, was authorized in 1852 to build a line between Montreal and Toronto.
A year later a line linking Montreal with Portland, Maine, was added, making Grand Trunk a major force in pre-Confederation transportation.
Stiff competition from the CPR and chronic financial problems resulted in Grand Trunk being nationalized in 1919.
In 1923 it became a main component in the Canadian National Railway system.
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