When first teaching the horse to obey the commands of the mounted rider use a lead rope. move the horse at a trot. allow the horse to walk on its own for a short time. keep a tight pull on the reins. A horse is always mounted from the near side. from the off side by facing the front of the horse. by placing the left hand on the saddle horn or the off side of the cantle. When the rider is mounted in the saddle, the stirrup length should allow the toes to be lower than the heels. the toes should be placed on the treads of the stirrups. the free hand should grasp the saddle horn. he or she should sit erect and relaxed in the center of the saddle. When dismounting from the horse, the rider first slips the left foot free of the stirrup. the left hand is placed on the saddle horn or the pommel. the left foot is removed from the stirrup by pushing down the heel. the left foot is rolled on its side to slip it out of the stirrup. — When lining up horse to show at halter, enter the line from the rear. back the horse in line from the front. stand the horse a little in the front of the others so that the judge can see it more easily. try to place the horse so the hind feet are slightly higher than the front feet. When standing in line to show at halter, stand on the off side of the horse. stand in front of the horse. stand on the near side of the horse, even with its head. do not face the judges as the class is judged. In equitation classes the horse is being judged for conformation. the rider is being judged for ability to ride and control the horse. the horse requires little training. the rider is never asked to dismount and mount the horse. When trail riding the rider and horse need little preparation. private property may be crossed without the permission of the owner.
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