EA Show Horse Rules Table of Contents 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 General Rules and Conditions of Entry ……………………………………………………………………….. 4 CONDITIONS OF ENTRY CONFLICT OF INTEREST CODE OF CONDUCT FOR THE WELFARE OF THE HORSE PROTESTS PERTAINING TO THE APPLICATION OF COMPETITION RULES AND CONDITIONS OF ENTRY COMPLAINTS RE ABUSE OF HORSES, COMPETITORS, OFFICIALS ABUSE OF THE HORSE DOPING AND DRUG TESTING 4 5 5 7 7 8 8 2 – Categories of Show Horse competition ………………………………………………………………………… 9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 SHOW HORSE – HACK, GALLOWAY AND PONY SHOW HUNTER LEADING REIN PONY NEWCOMER WORKING HUNTER RULES FOR PHASES OF WORKING HUNTER RIDER CLASSES 9 11 12 12 13 14 15 3 – Dress, Saddlery and Equipment ………………………………………………………………………………… 16 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 DRESS, SADDLERY & EQUIPMENT HEADGEAR FOOTWEAR GAITERS/CHAPETTES SPURS WHIPS COATS SADDLE AND SADDLECLOTHS BRIDLES, NOSEBANDS AND BITS ALLOWED AT AN EVENT/VENUE NOT ALLOWED AT AN EVENT/VENUE ALLOWED IN WARM-UP AND EXERCISE AREA BUT NOT COMPETITION AREA 16 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 4 5 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 State Horse of the Year and Riding Championships……………………………………………………. 23 Australian Show Horse and Riding Championships ……………………………………………………. 25 National Judges Accreditation Scheme …………………………………………………………………….. 27 GENERAL HOW TO BECOME A SHOW HORSE JUDGE LAPSED ACCREDITATION AND LEAVE OF ABSENCE CODE OF CONDUCT FOR ACCREDITED JUDGES COMPLAINTS AGAINST ACCREDITED EA SHOW HORSE JUDGES FOR JUDGING STANDARDS COMPLAINTS AGAINST ACCREDITED EA SHOW HORSE JUDGES RELATING TO BEHAVIOUR PREFERENTIAL JUDGING SYSTEM DEFINITIONS 27 27 29 29 29 30 30 31 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 — GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS BUDGET FOUR TO FIVE MONTHS BEFORE TWO OR THREE WEEKS BEFORE THE DAY BEFORE ON THE DAY AFTER THE EVENT DUTY OF CARE 32 32 32 34 34 35 36 36 ©2011 Equestrian Australia EA Show Horse Rules 1 General Rules and Conditions of Entry Preamble These rules and procedures cannot provide for every eventuality.
In any unforeseen or exceptional circumstances, it is the duty of the appropriate Official(s) to make a decision in a sporting spirit and adhere as closely as possible to the intention of these rules.
Exhibitors, Competitors and Judges are asked to read the rules carefully as the breach of a Rule will attract a penalty.
Method of Implementation: It is envisaged that the policing of these rules will be self-regulatory.
Exhibitors, Competitors, Judges and Show Officials have the right to lodge a protest alleging infringement of the rules.
Printing of Judges’ Names in Schedule: In order for these rules to operate effectively, it is desirable that Judges’ names and appropriate classes be printed in the show schedule or publicised in the press prior to the show.
The success of these rules hinges on the fact that Competitors MUST KNOW WHO IS JUDGING.competitors are directed to make every effort to discover who is judging their events.
Exemptions may be granted if judging appointments are altered with insufficient time for Judges’ names to be publicised.
Where the word horse appears it refers to Hack, Galloway or Pony.
Where the masculine gender appears it also includes the feminine gender.
Where the singular appears it also includes the plural, and vice versa.
For the purposes of this document Equestrian Australia may be abbreviated to EA. 1.1 1.1.1 Conditions of Entry It is a condition of entry to all EA Show Horse events that the owners and exhibitors are familiar with and abide by the EA Show Horse Rules.
These Rules are to be read in conjunction with the EA Disciplinary By-Laws, Member Protection Policy and Medication Control Policy.
They will be reviewed from time to time, and updated as necessary.
Ignorance of the rules will not be accepted as an excuse for any breach of the rules.
The appointment of a Steward or other Official whether or not provided for in these rules, does not absolve the competitor from such responsibility.
As per the EA General Regulations Chapter II, Article 113 – Memberships and Athlete Licenses “All athletes in Official events/competitions run under the rules, regulations and by-laws of EA and the rules of the relevant sport must be a life, senior or junior financial members of EA.” Making an entry to an event under the control of Equestrian Australia constitutes implicit acceptance of the EA Show Horse rules.
Life measurement certificates are acceptable.
Ponies 12.2hh and under must only be ridden by a rider 14 years of age or under. 1.1.3 1.1.4 1.1.5 1.1.6 1.1.7 1.1.8 The Exhibitor shall ensure that horse and competitor are entered and shown only in the correct classes, and that the horse is entered and shown under its full EA registered name.
A horse is ineligible to compete if its brands and/or markings differ from those set out on its Registration Papers.
No Competitor/Exhibitor shall deface or alter EA Registration Papers, EA Performance Cards or EA Height Certificates.
The Judge’s decision shall be final.
Stallions are not permitted in show horse classes An approved safety helmet is required for all riders under 18 years at all times when mounted.
The retaining harness must be secured and fastened at all times.
Riders without approved headgear shall be ineligible to compete until rectified.
Approved helmet standards are: AS/NZS 3838, EN 1384, ASTN F1163 For safety reasons, at all times when riding at an event all riders must wear suitable riding boots with a heel and little or no tread.
In the event of a fall by horse or rider, it will be the decision of a representative of the organising committee, and, if possible, a medical officer or doctor, as to whether the rider can continue to compete.
Horses must be 3 years or over as at 1 August in order to be ridden in any classes.
A Competitor/Exhibitor shall not exhibit under a Judge when his exhibit is ineligible.
If a Judge knowingly permits an ineligible exhibit to compete, the Judge, the Exhibitor and the Competitor may be held in breach of the rules. 1.1.2 1.1.9 1.1.10 1.1.11 1.1.12 1.1.13 4 EA Show Horse Rules 1.1.14 No badge, patch, pin or emblem of any kind may be worn on a rider’s jacket other than to represent one’s state at the Australian Show Horse Championships in that current year. 1.2 Conflict of Interest Organising committees are obliged to publish the appointed Judges’ names in schedules and advertising in advance of the show.competitors are obliged to find out the appointed Judges for their classes.
Exemptions may be granted if judging appointments are altered with insufficient time for Judges’ names to be publicised. 1.2.1 A Competitor/Exhibitor may not exhibit before a judge if: the Competitor/Exhibitor is a member of the Judge’s family the Competitor/Exhibitor has represented the Judge or competed on a horse owned by the judge within the previous six months the horse or any horse was owned or leased within the last twelve months by: o the Judge o any member of the Judge’s family, o the Judge’s employer, employee or business partner the Competitor/Exhibitor or his family has provided accommodation for the Judge within two weeks prior to or during the show the Judge or his business partner provided privately arranged tuition to the horse or competitor/exhibitor in the last 6 months (not including open clinics) the Competitor/Exhibitor has given privately arranged tuition to the Judge or trained a horse owned or leased by the Judge, within the last six months (not including open clinics) the Competitor/Exhibitor is employed, has been employed by or has been a business partner of the Judge within the last twelve months A Judge shall not visit the horse lines or the exhibitors, nor inspect or discuss any horse entered in the show for the duration of the show, except where permitted by rule 1.2.3 below.
No person shall approach a Judge for the duration of the show unless they first obtain permission from the Show Convener, Ring Master or Ring Steward.
A competitor seeking the opinion of a Judge must do so under the supervision of a Steward.
Code of Conduct for the Welfare of the Horse — Competitors are alerted to the fact that cruel application of spurs, whips or bits is illegal in some Australian States and Territories.
Refer to the EA Disciplinary By-Laws at www.equestrian.org.au for further information. 1.7 Doping and Drug Testing Drug testing of horses (swabbing) will occur in accordance with the EA National Medication Control Policy and the Equine Anti-Doping and Medication Control rules.
Full details are available from www.equestrian.org.au Riders Equestrian Australia has adopted the anti-doping policy of the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority stimulating or calming drugs in any shape or form are forbidden inquiries pertaining to legality of medication and substances should be made directly to the Australian Sports AntiDoping Authority on 1800 020 506 or www.asada.gov.au A full list of prohibited substances can be viewed at http://www.feicleansport.org/prohibited.html 8 EA Show Horse Rules 2 – Categories of Show Horse competition 2.1 Show Horse 2.1.1 Definition A Show Horse is a quality, comfortable, well-mannered and educated riding horse, being sound of wind and limb.
The horse should be excellently presented and give the appearance of being a pleasure to handle, watch and ride.
It is entirely up to the talent of the rider and those connected with the horse to prepare and show it in the way in which it looks and performs best.
Show horses are exhibited in three divisions; Pony, Galloway and Hack.
Except for State and Australian Championships, it is the discretion of the event OC as to how many classes are offered within each division. 2.1.2 Heights A Pony Show horse, Hunter or Newcomer must not exceed 14hh A Galloway Show horse Hunter or Newcomer must be over 14hh and not exceed 15hh A Hack Show horse, Hunter or Newcomer is over 15 hh.
All horses must carry a current EA measuring certificate. 2.1.3 Conformation and movement The horse should work with a nicely rounded back, naturally elevated in front and head flexed at the poll.
The contact should be light and even.
Holding a horse in a shape with the use of brute strength or artificial gadgets is not truly getting a horse to accept and to come happily on to the bit.
A show horse must give the impression of covering the ground easily and fluently.
The horse must be well balanced and work without any obvious effort by the rider or any untoward resistance from the horse.
The whole picture should be pleasing to the eye.
He should go forward with controlled free forward movement, the correct bend and an even rhythm in all paces at a tempo chosen by his rider.
Head and Ears The head should fit the animal in size and be well set on to the neck, not thick through the jowl.
It should give the effect of being chiseled.
The ears should be neither too small nor too large, but in keeping with the size of the head.
They should be fine, alert and readily pricked.
Loose or loppy ears are not desirable in a show horse.
The eyes should be large and bold, showing no white, and should be set towards the side of the head with a nice flat forehead in between.
The muzzle should be fine and soft, with full open nostrils.
Small closed nostrils can affect the horse’s breathing.
The horse should be fine through the throat, with a well-defined loose gullet.
The line at the throat should be clear cut and the head set well onto the neck.
The neck should be of a length to look in balance with the remainder of the horse.
The top line of the neck should be longer than the underside and should be well muscled with a nice smooth line from the poll to the withers.
The highest part of the horse should be his poll and not the neck one third of the way down from the poll.
He should bend from the poll.
The withers should be fine and well defined.
It is the highest part of the vertebrae in a mature horse and should be higher than or level with the croup, definitely not lower.
The shoulder should be long and sloping back from the point of the shoulder, vanishing into the wither.
Upright shoulders cause many problems.
Short, choppy strides and concussions, make it difficult for the horse to carry a rider and move with ease.
The chest should be wide enough to allow room for the heart and lungs to function in an efficient manner.
Too narrow a chest causes problems with the horse’s movement.
The horse is obliged to travel too close in front and will usually have a problem with brushing, apart from not allowing sufficient room for the heart and lungs.
The horse which is too broad in front tends to roll during movement and does not give a smooth ride.
If viewed from the front, the horse should stand square.
The forearm should be well developed, with plenty of muscle in the fit horse.
The knees should be comparatively large and flat – no puffiness or lumps.
The girth should be deep to allow room for the heart and lungs.
A short girth gives the appearance of the horse being leggy with not much room for the heart and lungs.
The ribs should be flat, smooth and well sprung.
If viewed from behind, they do not protrude.
A short backed horse is more desirable than a long backed horse.
A long back denotes weakness.
The back and withers should look as if a saddle would fit comfortably and as if it were made for that purpose.
A hollow or sway back is undesirable.
A long back is forgivable to a degree in a mare as this Eyes Muzzle Throat Neck Withers Shoulder Chest Forelegs Girth Ribs Back 9 EA Show Horse Rules allows for healthy gestation.
If viewed from behind, the quarters should be almost pear shaped, widening very slightly towards the second thigh, giving the impression of squareness and power with a well-developed second thigh below rounded quarters and above strong clean hocks.
The hips should be proportionately broad and hidden from view, not protruding.
The croup should be level with or lower than the wither.
A croup high horse finds it difficult to bend the three joints in his hind legs, which enables him to lighten his forehand and give a smooth balanced ride.
When viewed from the side, the line of the rump should be part of the series of beautiful curves that make up the top line.
The hock should be strong, clean and well defined, free from lumps and bumps such as curbs, spavins and capped hocks.
If you view the horse from behind and draw a straight line from the point of the buttock to the ground, the point of the hock should form the middle of that line.
When viewed from the side, the hocks should appear wide both above and below the joint.
Size is essential, as strength and prominence are necessary to allow due leverage and attachment of tendons and ligaments.
Large bones are usually accompanied by large, well-developed tendons and ligaments.
The tail should be set on in such a way that it follows the top line and continues on from the vertebrae.
It should be neither low nor high set, and carried away from the body curving down in keeping with the graceful shape of the top line.
The cannon bone should be flat and strong with well-defined tendons.
The cannon bones should be the same width all the way down from under the knee to the fetlock or under the hock to the fetlock.
The circumference should be approximately 9” in a mature horse, obviously less for ponies.
The fetlocks joint should give the impression of flatness not roundness, free from puffiness, lumps etc.
The ligaments and tendons which attach to the fetlock joint should be clearly defined, so well defined in fact that you should be able to run your fingers down the grooves.
Pasterns should not be too short or upright or too long and sloping.
Short or upright pasterns cause jarring, making the horse uncomfortable to ride, as well as the unsoundness they can contribute to due to the concussion.
Over-long pasterns, although they can make for a comfortable ride, are not desirable.
Long pasterns are frequently found with an over-straight hind leg and are nature’s way of compensating for concussion and strains which usually accompany over-straight hocks.
Hooves should be strong and healthy looking.
They should be neither too upright nor too flat.
The angle, if shod correctly, should be the same angle as that of the pastern. Quarters Hind legs — 13 EA Show Horse Rules Rules for Phases of Working Hunter Phase 1 – Jumping Riders are permitted to walk the course dismounted prior to the competition No penalty will be incurred if the lower pole on the same vertical plane is lowered If a horse/pony turns its quarters to a fence or has a complete turnaround a refusal will be given Horses/ponies displaying continued disobedience or ponies leaving the ring, whether the rider is mounted or dismounted will be eliminated Any horse/pony taking the wrong course or jumping another fence after completing the course will be eliminated The fall of horse and/or rider anywhere on the course will result in elimination.
The rider may not attempt another fence but must leave the area immediately on foot Any horse/pony eliminated or disqualified in the jumping section will not be required again for Phase Two Horses/ponies must not enter the jumping arena prior to the event If a jump is knocked down due to refusal or disobedience, the competitor must wait for the steward to rebuild the jump and permission from the judge before re-attempting the obstacle The jumping phase must be conducted in an enclosed arena Practice jumps must be available in a separate area A penciller must be supplied for the judge Judges are required to inspect the course prior to the event to ensure that it is suitable and at least 2 fences are at maximum height 45cm 55cm 75cm Maximum Height of obstacles: • Small Pony 12.2hh and under (rider 14 years and under) • Large Pony over 12.2hh and not exceeding 14hh • Galloway over 14hh and not exceeding 15hh 65cm • Hack over 15hh Marking System – Phase 1 Marks Jumping (10 per obstacle cleared) Style and manners while jumping 80 20 Max Total 100 Deductions/Penalties Knock down First refusal Second refusal Third refusal Fall of horse or rider in either phase 10 15 20 Elimination Elimination 80 marks are awarded for completing the course without elimination.
Any penalties are then deducted, and the mark for style and manners is added to arrive at the total score for Phase One. Phase 2 – Work Out A work out will be prescribed by the judge.
The judge may also require the horse to be stripped to conclude an accurate conformation mark Marking System – Phase 2 Competitors to be marked for the following: Conformation Freedom of action Manners 20 20 10 14 — 4.9 State Show Horse and Riding championships Classes Show Horse Classes Rider Classes Show Pony 12hh and under (rider 14 years and under) Show Pony over 12hh and not exceeding 13hh (Rider any age) Show Pony over 13hh and not exceeding 14hh (Rider any age) Galloway over 14hh and not exceeding 14.2hh Galloway over 14.2 hh and not exceeding 15hh Small Hack over 15hh and not exceeding 16hh Large Hack over 16hh Rider Rider Rider Rider 12 13 16 18 years and under to 15 years to 17 years years and over Show Hunter Classes Show Pony 12.2hh and under (rider 14 years and under) Show Pony over 12.2hh and not exceeding 14hh Galloway over 14hh and not exceeding 15hh Hack over 15hh and not exceeding 16hh Hack over 16 hh Leading Rein Class Pony 12hh and under Rider 5 years and under 8 4.10 For the smaller States where there are not enough competitors to hold two Galloway or Show Hunter height divisions, they may continue to hold one division with the winner and runner up from each division participating in their applicable height division at the National Championships.
Random swabbing will take place in accordance with the EA Medication Control Policy.
Judges must be selected from the EA Show Horse Judges List.
The Judges’ decision is final.
The Organising Committee has the right to refuse any entry without having to assign any reasons.
As a minimum, a winner and runner-up is to be sashed and announced at the event.
In qualifying Show Horse, Show Hunter and Rider classes three judges must be used as per the preferential judging system in 5.7 (excluding Northern Territory due to geographic isolation) All qualifying events for the Australian Show Horse Championships (ie: State HOTYs) must be run by the State’s Show Horse Committee (who may form or co-opt an organising sub-committee) Results of winners and runners-up, and the names of all Finalists (top 10) to be sent to the relevant EA State Branch Office.
Judges who have accepted to Judge at a State Horse of the Year and Riding Championships will not accept a Judging appointment for A Royal Show in the same State in the same year. 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 24 EA Show Horse Rules 5 5.1 Australian Show Horse and Riding Championships Horses must be registered with, and riders and owners members of, Equestrian Australia Ltd. 5.2 All horses in the Show Horse, Show Hunter and Leading Rein Classes are required to have a current EA Height Certificate at the time of competing in their State event and the Australian event. 5.3 The selection of State representatives will be the sole responsibility of the State Branch concerned.
The winner, runner-up and third place getter from state qualifying events will be invited to compete at the Australian Show Horse Championships, Should the winner and runner up accept their invitation to compete, the third place getter will not be required.
If the winner or runner up is not able to accept their invitation, then the third place getter will be eligible to compete.
The EA Show Horse Committee will not consider applications for horses/ponies/riders placed lower than 3rd place at their State HOTY. 5.4 A horse will not be disqualified from representing the state in which it qualified, as a result of a change of ownership or lease.
If a horse is sold or leased to another State it is no longer eligible to represent the State in which it won. 5.5 A horse which has qualified to represent a State at an Australian Championship may not compete in any other State’s qualifying competition in the period leading up to the Australian championships concerned. 5.6 A horse competing in the Show Horse, Show Hunter and Leading Rein Classes must be ridden by a member from the State or Territory that the horse is representing. 5.7 The panel of judges will not contain more than one judge from any one State.
Three judges are to be selected from the EA Show Horse Judges List.
States may put forward names and résumés to the EA Show Horse Committee by 1 June each year.
When State Show Horse Committees are selecting Judges for the Australian Championships, they are encouraged to consider that any judge nominated to Judge at this event must be on either the Equestrian Australia State or National Judges Panel, and have judged at a minimum of two Horse of the Year Shows or Royal Shows.
Whilst fulfilling these appointments they should have covered a range of classes, including open Show Horse/Show Hunter classes, and Riding classes.
The judges’ experience should reflect the prestige of the event they are required to judge.
It is recommended that state committees hold a secret ballot to select their choices.
A judge appointed to the Australian Championships must not have judged a State Horse of the Year or Royal Show event in the current year.
A maximum of 3 names are to be submitted by each state/delegate.
All names chosen by the states go in the hat, a name may go in the hat more than once if more than one state has chosen that judge, all names are drawn until no more names remain, so there is an ordered list of Judges from which to make the invitations/appointments.
There will only be one judge invited from any state, which will be the first judge from that state drawn from the hat. 5.8 The Australian Championship Competitions will be as follows: Show Horse Classes o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Show Pony 12 hands and under (to be ridden by rider 14 years and under) Show Pony over 12 hands to 13 hands (rider any age) Show Pony over 13 hands to 14 hands (rider any age) Galloway over 14 hands to 14.2 hands (2010) Galloway over 14.2hands to 15 hands (2010) Hack over 15 hands to 16 hands Hack over 16 hands Small Pony 12.2 hands and under (to be ridden by rider 14 years and under) Large Pony over 12.2 hands to 14 hands Galloway over 14 hands to 15 hands Hack over 15 hands to 16 hands Hack over 16 hands Rider Rider Rider Rider 12 13 16 18 years and under to 15 years to 17 years years and over Show Hunter Classes Rider Classes Leading-Rein o Pony 12 hands and under (rider to be 5 years and under 8) 25 EA Show Horse Rules 5.9 Trans-Tasman.
A New Zealand team made up of winners or runners-up (if the winner is unable to attend) from the NZ HOY is invited by the EA Show Horse Committee to compete in the aligned Australian age and height categories.
Those eligible for the Trans-Tasman competition are the small and large ponies, Galloway and hack for Show Horse and Show Hunter classes as well as Junior, Intermediate and Senior riders.
This competition is held under the EA Show Horse Rules.
The age of the rider is the age at the qualifying event.
Workouts must be provided to all competitors at least 24 hours prior to the competition.
All horses competing at the Australian Show Horse Championships are eligible to be swabbed as per the National Medication Control Policy.
The Championships are to be conducted during the months of October, November or December each year, unless decided otherwise by the EA Show Horse Committee.
A Runner-Up will be awarded in each class.
Results of winners and runners-up, and the names of all Finalists (top 10) to be sent to the relevant EA State Branch Office. 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 26 EA Show Horse Rules 6 National Judges Accreditation Scheme 6.1 General As in all equestrian sports, judges must: Be in possession and have an understanding of the EA National Show Horse Rules and Guidelines book and any amendments.
Have an understanding of EA policies and by-laws including the EA Medication Control Policy, the EA Member Protection Policy and the EA Disciplinary By-Laws Treat requests from competitors to explain their decisions as an opportunity to assist the competitor to improve their performance.
Honor a commitment to judge and if extenuating and unforeseen circumstances prevent this, advise the organising committee at the earliest opportunity.
Ensure that the same conditions apply to all competitors.
Maintain the same judging standards for all competitors within a competition and at all events Aim to have a thorough knowledge of correct training methods and understand the requirements of the class they are judging.
Be prepared to judge in prevailing weather conditions. 6.1.1: The EA Show Horse Judges List There are three levels of Judges Provisional Judges State Judges National Judges Provisional level judges are trainee judges are not eligible to judge at EA Horse and Rider of the Year Shows State and National Judges are eligible to judge at EA Horse and Rider of the Year Shows 6.1.2: Accreditation To maintain accreditation as a Show Horse Judge, judges are required to: 6.2 Remain a financial member of Equestrian Australia Adhere to the Official Rules and Guidelines of Equestrian Australia, both national and state-specific rules.
Adhere to the EA Code of Conduct for Officials and the FEI Code of Conduct for the Welfare of the Horse.
Attend an EA judges’ seminar once every two years.
Permitted clinics include Show Horse Judges Clinic and also Dressage Judges Clinics which cover many relevant topics such as paces, risk management, communication, role of officials etc.
Submit a show horse judges re-accreditation form to the EA National Office every second year How to become a Show Horse Judge
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