Q.: A.: Q.: A.: saddles Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Can compensate for poor fitting saddle Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What is the purpose of the dropped noseband? Keeps the mouth closed, keeps the horse from sliding the bit through its mouth On what type of horse is a liverpool bit used? Heavy harness horse Name four parts of the western saddle.
Pommel, girth, fork, seat, cantle, skirt, fender, horn What is the proper name for the padded leather that goes under the tail and is connected to the backband by a long strap? Crupper What device prevents a horse from bending his neck enough to chew on clothing or dressings or wounds? Cradle T/F The thinner or smaller the bit mouthpiece, the harsher the bit.
True What is the proper name of the strap that couples the bit of a bridle to the harness back band to keep the horse’s head up and in position? Checkrein A thin metal projection on the outside of a shoe that lies against the hoof to give support to the shoe is what? Clip What type of equipment does the polo pony wear to guard the cannons from injury from the mallet or balls? Leg wraps, polo boots Name four different bits.
Snaffle, Pelham, Curb, Bridoon, Dee, Kimberwick, Weymouth, Bar, Walking Horse, Hackamore, Liverpool, Spade Mouth Bit The back of the saddle is called the what? 17 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Cantle In riding, what does the term bight refer to? The end of the reins or rein What are two materials numnahs can be made of? Felt, leather, sorbo rubber, sheepskin, nylon fabric Name the two main kinds of bronc riding.
Saddle and bareback What do you call the ring of rope, rawhide, or metal on a lasso, through which rope slides? Honda With a double rigged western saddle, which girth is unbuckled first? The rear girth A short piece of leather with a ring on either end through which the reins pass is called what? Irish Martingale What piece of equipment placed under the tail of a horse is used to hold both saddles and harness in place? Crupper What is a port? The part of the mouthpiece of a bit curving up over the tongue What part of the western saddle would you consider first when fitting your horse? The tree In unsaddling a horse, which cinch would you undo first- front or back? Back What is the missing part – headstall, mecate, fiadore, _______? Bosal Name four types of girths.
Folded leather, fitzwilliam, string, canvas, lonsdale, balding 18 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: What is an aiken? A jump consisting of parallel bars with brush in the middle In horse terminology, what are “appointments?” Equipment and clothing Topical preparations are available in a number of forms, name two.
Ointments, aqueous solutions, aerosols and powders, creams, lotions Fullering, web and branch are parts of what? Horseshoe What are the 5 parts of a halter? Crownpiece, cheek piece, noseband, chinstrap and throat latch When four reins are used, which pair are held on the outside? Snaffle or bridoon What is a foot protractor? An instrument to measure the angle of the feet Which safety rule must you obey regarding the horse’s lead strap? Never wrap lead strap, halter shank or reins around your hand, wrist or body The purpose of this part of the bridle is to prevent the bridle from coming off over the horse’s head.
What is it? Throat latch or lash Give the minimum dimensions for a safe stall door for a light horse. 4′ wide and 8′ high The breadth and thickness of the metal in the horseshoe is called what? Web When the rider’s weight is behind the center of motion, what happens to the horse’s propelling power? It is lessened What do we mean when we refer to the rigging of a saddle? 19 A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: The location in which the cinch or cinches are attached to the saddle How long is the cob tail of a Hackney? Six inches What is the formal name for chaps? Chaparhaos What is the purpose of the dropped noseband? Keeps the mouth closed, keeps the horse from sliding the bit through its mouth What is a numnah? A saddle pad or blanket What is the proper name of the lash on a whip? Thong For what food condition might a T-Bar shoe be used? For contracted heels, it will apply constant pressure on the frog What is the generic name for an antibacterial agent marketed in liquid or ointment form? Nitrofurazone When you say “rough out” of what material are you speaking? Leather A type of shoe where the outside rim on the web is raised above the outside rim is called what? Polo shoe Fender, D-ring, skirt and front jockey are parts of what? Saddle What is the proper name of the lock of hair falling forward over the horse’s face? Forelock or foretop Which is longer – a western cinch or an English girth used on one horse? English girth – longer since billets are higher up 20 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Would a cut-back saddle have a stirrup leather keeper? No What is a quarter boot and what is its purpose? A flexible boot attached over the heel of the front heel from the hind toe How could you check the stirrup leathers of an English saddle for proper length prior to mounting? Stirrup should just reach into armpit, with arm fully extended and fingers on pommel seam After a long ride, what should you do with respect to unsaddling and why? Loose girth a few holes, leave saddle on until horse is reasonably cool.
The blood will go to his back and give him a sore back What is the correct name for the throatlatch on a hackamore bridle? Fiador What is a pillion? A seat or cushion which was put behind the gentlemen’s saddle for another rider T/F, A spade bit is a popular bit to use to break a young horse.
False A horse with hair worn off the back of his gaskin and the front of his forearm by its tack runs as a what? Pacer Name four parts of the horse’s head on which the curb bit and bridle act on.
Poll, bars, tongue, chin, corner of lip, palate, side of lower jaw What is a Pillion? What was it used for? A Pillion is a cushion or seat used behind a gentlemen’s saddle.
In Medieval times, women rode sitting sideways behind a man A cavesson that rests below the bit on a snaffle bridle is known as what kind of cavesson? Dropped noseband What are Dartnell reins? Reins made of soft cotton 21 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: The site of action of a jointed snaffle bit is primarily on two places, depending on the action of the rider’s hands.
What are they? Outside of the bars and on the corners of the lips/mouth The part of the saddle which covers the stirrup bar of an English saddle is the what? Skirt What race horse would use an aluminum shoe? Thoroughbred If you are going to use a corona, which type of saddle would you be using? Stock saddle or western saddle What is a Dental Speculum and what is it used for? Used to open a horse’s mouth for examination When building materials for horse barns are bought, what are 3 factors to be considered? Cost, attractiveness, fire resistance, durability, and maintenance How many sides does leather have, and what are they called? Two – flesh side and grain side Which term describes the leather parts of a harness which run from the collar to the single tree? Traces How does a mule shoe differ from a horse shoe? Much narrower Which part of the western saddle is used for tying equipment to the saddle? Lace strings or latigos The double-bitted, reined bridle used in showing 3 and 5-gaited horses is a what? Weymouth Bridle If you wanted to put hobbles on your horse to prevent it from roaming when turned out to graze, where should you put them? Around the pasterns or fetlocks of the front legs 22 Q.: A.: Name three things you should double-check when trailering your horse and on which side should the heavier horse be loaded? Lights, safety chains, ball is locked on floor, nails, etc.
AND left because the roads are higher in the middle Name three aspects of good pasture management.
Do not overgraze; Clip pastures to keep the plants from becoming too mature; Spread manure droppings with a chain harrow; Keep pasture free of weeds and poisonous plants; Keep pasture free of horses in wet weather to avoid turf damage Which piece of leather overlaps the top of the fender of a stock seat saddle? Front or seat jockey What is a sawbuck saddle used for? Horsepacking Why should the beveled side of the nail point be toward the inside when the farrier is shoeing your horse? This directs it toward the outside when driven in Which part of the western saddle is found beneath the fenders? Stirrup straps What is a tack pole? Bamboo stick used to pole jumpers What is the hoof level used for? To determine the angle of the hoof wall and length of hoof What part of the leg do skid boots protect and cite two situations when they are effective? Skid boots most common; protect backs of the rear fetlocks during sliding stops, roll backs and abrupt turns The part of the harness which goes around the back of the hindquarters.
Breeching Who introduced the lady’s side-saddle into the horse world? Anne of Bohemia — Closing or blocking the entrance to a hole leading to a fox’s den. Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What is the most important thing for you to provide for your horse to prevent him from stall kicking, cribbing and wood chewing? Adequate and regular exercise The Dalmatian dogs that travel with the Budweiser Clydesdale hitch originally were bred and trained for what purpose? To protect the horses and guard the brew-filled kegs left on the wagon when the driver went inside a tavern to make a delivery.
Hunting, primarily coach protection.
Horses cannot be slaughtered in a packing plant that processes other types of meat because it could be passed off as what product? Beef Name a lateral gait.
Pace The strong, fleet, winged horse of Greek mythology.
Pegasus Which side of the horse is the far side or off side? Right side His mounts won over 63 million dollars, over 7,200 races and he is considered the most successful jockey of all time on these counts.
Who is he? Willie Shoemaker How many inches are in a hand? Four Who was the first undefeated triple crown winner? Seattle Slew What famous stallion has sired and grandsired the majority of the last 10 Kentucky Derby winners? Bold Ruler What is the name of the Lone Ranger’s horse? Silver 68 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: Which term describes cleaning and brushing a horse? Grooming In furlongs, how long is the Kentucky Derby? Ten furlongs Where did the first Thoroughbred imported to America come from? England What type of race is started behind a moving barrier? Harness race Filing off the sharp edges of a horse’s teeth is known as? Floating In what two ways can a male horse be maiden? Racing, Showing In 1941, which horse was a Triple Crown winner? Whirlaway How is a tape used to estimate the weight of a horse? Measure heart girth on a marked tape What is the official name for the prize money in a horse race? Purse A 360E or 180E turn on the front legs is called what? A turn on the forehand Which word command is given by a teamster to his team of horses signaling them to turn left? Haw Which state was the home of the first imported Belgian? Illinois On the average, how many tons of manure does the average horse produce in one year 69 A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: (free of bedding)? Eight tons average Affirmed was the last triple crown winner.
Who was the first in 1919? Sir Barton What does “well in hand” mean? A horse is running at a fraction of his best speed When grooming your horse, in which direction should you brush the hair? With the natural lay of the hair Who has better hearing, you or your horse? Horse This country introduced the stirrup to the saddle.
It is also the most populated country in the world.
What country? China What is the name of the last filly to win the Kentucky Derby? Genuine Risk What is the proper name for a horseshoer? Farrier Name three car’s names that involve horses.
Colt, Pinto, Charger, Mustang How many feet are in one furlong? Six hundred and sixty feet At what race track is the triple crown for Quarter Horses run? Ruidoso Downs, New Mexico Name two NFL teams with horses as nicknames.
Colts, Broncos, Chargers Who is the first race horse to earn $2,000,000? Affirmed Why would horse meat not be considered kosher? 70 A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Not cloven hooved and does not chew cud.
How long should a thermometer be left in a horse to obtain an accurate reading? Two to three minutes Who was the first man to breed quality mules in the United States? George Washington Which side of the horse is the off side? Right What is a bad habit that may affect a horse’s usefulness, dependability or health called? Vice Name the imaginary horse with a horn.
Unicorn What are three factors that affect a good horse fence? Strength, height, tightness What filly was purchased as a yearling in 1964 for $900 and won over one million dollars by 1972? Fresh Yankee How did the American custom of driving on the right side of the road originate? Conestoga wagon drivers, teamsters, etc.
What name was the rack originally known as? Singlefoot In pari-mutual betting, the total amount bet on a horse is called what? The handle What is cub hunting or cubbing? Hunting in the early part of the season for introducing the young hounds to hunting and teaching the young foxes (cubs) to look after themselves What is the difference between an endurance ride and a competitive trail ride? In endurance, fastest time wins Name two advantages and two disadvantages of concrete floors. 71 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Advantages – properly poured and sloped, it drains quickly, does not collect urine, rat hole proof, can be hosed, scrubbed and disinfected thoroughly and easily Disadvantages – cold, hard, needs more bedding The Kentucky Derby is run at what track? Churchill Downs What Standardbred pacer is being considered as the subject of a movie and a book, holds the record for being the fastest aged gelding on the one mile, 5/8 and 1/2 mile track, has received Aged Pacer of the Year Award the last three years and holds the record for the most 2-minute miles? Rambling Willie Which horse typically races the slowest – a Thoroughbred, trotter or pacer? Trotter What is a Dutchman’s team? A team that has the larger horse hitched on the near (left) side How many inches high is a horse which stands 16.2 hands? 66 inches What breed was Ranger, the sire of the ray charger ridden by George Washington in the Revolutionary War? Arabian What is the type of betting called when you bet on a horse to win, show and place? Across the board or combination parimutuel Cantering in a circle to the right while performing a left-lead canter is known as what? Counter-canter The record for the Preakness was established in 1971 at 1:34.8 by what famous horse? Cananero II Name two forms of artificial, permanent identification methods used on horses.
Lip tattoo, freeze branding, hot brand What is the common name for a female of the species Equus asinus? 72
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