BELLED TAIL – 13 – Swing team—Any team between the lead and wheel teams.
The swing teams are generally called “first swing team,” “second swing team,” etc., the numbering beginning with the first team ahead of the wheel team. TYPES OF BIG TEAMS String Teams The string team consists of pairs of animals hitched in line with the load.
This is the type of team used by the freighter of the pioneer days, and the pairs of horses are usually hitched, by some kind of equalizer, onto a draft chain which passes down between them.
Ten head of animals hitched to a three-bottom plow is standard equipment in the big-team farming sections.
There is an advantage in this type of team because of the added coolness to the animals in hot weather, and in the freedom of each animal while working.
There is less danger from tramping on feet, especially in turning, and it makes hitching a more simple operation.
Many believe that the further a team is away from the implement, the less will be its pulling power, but this is not necessarily true if the proper angle of draft is maintained on the traces of all teams. of harness is called the “butt-chain harness” and gets its name from the type of short tug used.
Other parts of the harness may vary but the butt-chain tug is in use in practically all of these sections.
No one distinct type of harness is demanded in big-team farming, yet experience proves that certain arrangements of harness are a big advantage.
The standard big-team, butt-chain harness (an example of which is shown on the next page) is distinct both for the butt-chain traces and also for other labor saving arrangements, such as hip straps, tug supports, and snaps (instead of buckles).
The tugs on the butt-chain harness, instead of extending from the hame to the single-tree, extend only to the horse’s thighs.
The Williams standard butt-chain harness, commonly used in big-team sections of the Northwest, includes: Traces—Two inches wide, 60 inches long, three-stitched and of three-ply leather.
The butt chain is 30 inches long and connects to a trace dee with a swivel snap.
The belly band is riveted to the trace.
The hip strap support is riveted to the trace 6 inches from the trace dee.
Hames—Steel bond, bolt type, of selected quality.
Hame fastener is used in place of the hame strap.
Belly band—Leather strap 36 inches long, 2 inches wide, fastened on the right side with a Conway loop.
On the left side it connects to the trace loop by a bolt snap.
Hip-strap—This strap, which extends from the trace carrier on the horse’s rump to the dee end of the trace, is of leather, 13/4 inches wide and 42 inches long.
It is sewed to the trace carrier ring at the upper end.
The lower end attaches to the trace by a Conway loop and a bolt snap.
Crupper—One inch wide at the place where the buckle attaches.
It attaches on one side by an ordinary buckle, but on the other side by a Hubbard crupper snap.
It is of four-ply leather.
Back bands—This is the split back band type.
The rear strap is 40 inches long, 13/4 inches wide, and is stitched into the trace carrier ring.
The second strap is 26 inches long and attaches to the name ring by means of a Conway loop.
The side ring is attached from the back band to the trace carrier loop by a heavily sewed strip 41/2 inches long.
The standard type of butt chain, which extends from this tug to the single-tree, is 2 feet 6 inches long.
One type of butt chain is shown below.
It has a strong snap, a swivel, and is light, yet strong, and is 30 inches long.
Different types of hooks and fasteners are used on butt chains. Bunch Teams In bunch teams the animals are driven more than two abreast.
Often there are four or more animals abreast, the common 12-horse team having three rows of animals four abreast.
As many as 36 horses are often used in bunch teams on the combine.
These big bunch teams, with properly arranged lines, buck straps, connecting chains and equalized hitches, may be driven as easily as a two-horse team. Abreast Teams Teams where all animals are driven abreast, all pulling on one common bar or double-tree, is called an abreast team.
In the past, as many as 14 horses were hitched abreast, all hitched by means of chains and double-trees to a telephone pole, which in turn was attached to the implement.
An abreast team is unwieldy and difficult to handle if too large.
It is rarely seen with more than four animals abreast, except on drag harrows and summer fallow slickers. TYPES OF HARNESS The Butt-Chain Harness Farmers of the big-team sections of the West have devised a type of harness which combines lightness, simplicity, and many time saving advantages.
This type – 14 – tug fastener when chains remain attached hame
Read more about Hames—Steel bond, bolt type, of selected quality: