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Table Of Contents Title Overview of the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program Looking Back – From our Program Leader’s Perspective Resources Activities Calendar of Annual Events Publications County Member Awards County Adult Volunteer Awards Horse Certificates Danish System of Judging County Fair Exhibitor Qualifications Washington State 4-H Fair Qualifications The Top Five Rules of the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program Abuse Policy Additional Safety Considerations Clothing and Tack Requirements Bit Definitions and Examples Supplemental Horse Show Rules Club Show Date Reservation Form Ride Night Information Trail Horse Class in the Field Primary Members Page Number 4 5 7 8 12 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 27 35 39 40 43 44 46 Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 2 Revised April 2005 Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog Classes Novice Classes Greenhorse Classes Beginning Greenhorse Horsemanship Greenhorse Longe Line Class Aged Greenhorse Class In-Hand Trail Course Classes Miscellaneous Classes – Advanced Bareback, Bridle Path Hack, Road Hack, Color Class, Weanling & Yearlings, Disciplined Rail, Versatility, Matched Pairs,Costume Classes Ladies’ Side Saddle Over Fences Classes Dressage Medals Program Driving Reinsmanship Medals Program Equitation Medals Program Equitation Over Fences Medals Program Showmanship Medals Program Trail Class Medals Program Western Games Medals Program Gold Medal Rules Pattern Equitation Test Options Platinum Medal Rules Snohomish County 4-H Horse Program Leaders Constitution and Bylaws Glossary Suggestions Index 47 48 50 52 53 56 58 60 64 67 69 71 73 75 77 78 80 82 84 86 88 93 105 106 Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 3 Overview of the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program Welcome to the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program! You have chosen to become involved in a very large “active” 4-H Program, which offers many opportunities.

At Club Level, you will learn about horsemanship and horse care, public presentations, and record books.

You will also participate in business meetings, group decision-making and community service.

Older Members serve as Club Officers and in other leadership capacities.

The Adult Club Leader and Project Leaders are there to assist and guide you.

Clubs have regular meetings scheduled which vary from Club to Club.

At County Level, many other activities are available, which are listed in this guide.

This Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program Reference Guide contains an enormous amount of information which, when used with the State 4-H Horse Publications, available through your Club Leader, the County Extension Office or the WSU Publications Website, should guide you safely and knowledgeably through your 4-H experience. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 4 Revised April 2005 Looking Back — Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 45 Primary Members Primary 4-H Members are Kindergarten, First and Second Grade children.

They are welcome in the Horse Program and may participate in many events, however, according to Washington State 4-H Program Policy, Primary Members are restricted from events involving them directly with horses or ponies and from competitive events.

Participation Allowed Club Meetings and all activities where a Primary Member does not handle a horse or pony.

County Horse Judgings. 4-H Horse Shows.

County Fair Herdsmanship (may not clean occupied stalls or handle horses or ponies).

Horse Shop*.

Horse Photography*.

Horse Public Presentations*.

Stick Horse Workshop Exhibition.

Spectator at any County Activity.

County Ride Nights. * All Primary Members receive a Primary Member ribbon and a set amount of premium points for County Fair.

Entries are not scored competitively. (Any other activity where direct involvement with a horse or pony is included).

Club Horse Shows.

County Riding Clinics.

County Horse Bowl.

County Hippology.

Participation NOT Allowed Club Rides.

County Groom Squad. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 46 Revised April 2005 Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog Classes PURPOSE Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog classes are “Pre-Novice” classes included in the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program to encourage the beginning rider to experience horsemanship in a setting that offers safety and encouragement.

These classes are open to riders who have not participated in performance classes at a canter or lope.

There will be no canter or lope in these classes.

ELIGIBILITY • Riders may ride in Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog classes until they earn four Blue Danish Ribbons in one equitation seat at County Horse Shows. • 4-H Members may decide to move to the next level (Novice) before they have received four Blue Danish Ribbons for equitation.

If a rider has not received a Blue Danish Ribbon in a higher level equitation class, and has not received the maximum number of Blue Danish Ribbons in a lower level equitation class, they can remain riding in the lower level. • Riders carry their Danish Ribbon count (accumulative to four) from one Age Group to the next.

RULES • Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog Equitation and Pleasure Classes shall follow the same rules and specifications as regular Equitation Classes found in the PNW 4-H Horse Contest Guide with the following exceptions: o No Lope or Canter will be called for.

O Stockseat, Saddleseat and Huntseat may be combined.

O Members entering Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog may not enter any other riding classes which require a lope or canter in a group.

O Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog riders may enter Western Games since it is an individual test.

Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog Trail Class shall follow the same rules and specifications as regular Trail Classes found in PNW 4-H Horse Contest Guide with the following exceptions: o No Lope or Canter will be called for.

O Obstacles will be a minimum of four and a maximum of six.

O Obstacles will test basic trail maneuvers (back, side-pass, pivots, etc.) with combinations discouraged.

Obstacles may also be simplified, for example, open and go through gate without having to close the gate.

Using two hands on the reins in A Western Walk/Jog Trail Course is to be considered a major fault but not a disqualification.

May enter Non-Greenhorse Trail In-Hand.

Walk-Jog Riders may enter Dressage Intro Level Tests. • • • • CONFLICTS • There is no cross-entry between Walk-Trot/Walk-Jog Classes and Novice or Regular Classes within a seat. • A Member who is medal-qualified in any seat, may not ride in Walk/Trot, Walk/Jog Classes regardless of past inexperience in any other seat. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 47 Novice Classes PURPOSE Novice Classes are designed to introduce youth to showing horses in an atmosphere of encouragement and realistic expectations.

They are restricted to Members who do not yet have the experience or sufficient skill to show in Regular Classes. • Youth new to showing horses are encouraged to participate in the Novice Classes until they have gained adequate skill and experience to participate in Regular Classes. • Youth who are new to 4-H but have a horse show background should not go in Novice Classes, however, go directly into Regular Classes. • Novice Classes are also available for more experienced Riders to explore a new “seat”.

ELIGIBILITY Members are eligible for all Novice Classes in a “seat” (Stockseat, which is Western; Huntseat; Saddleseat) if they have not won three (3) Blue Danish Ribbons for that “seat” in Novice Equitation or one (1) Blue Danish Ribbon in Regular Equitation at Snohomish County 4-H Shows and/or Evergreen State Fair or a Medal Qualifying Blue Danish Ribbon in that “seat” at an approved Clubsponsored Show. • An eligible Member may continue to enter Novice Showmanship, Novice Bareback Equitation, Novice Pleasure and Novice Trail.

To be eligible to enter Novice Pleasure or Novice Trail at a County Show or Fair, a Member must also enter Novice Equitation. • Any Members qualified for Medal Classes are ineligible for any Novice Classes. • Any Members exhibiting in any of the following classes are ineligible for Novice Classes: Over Fences, Greenhorse (any seat), Aged Greenhorse (any seat), Weanling & Yearling (any seat), Dressage Tests First Level & Higher. • When a Novice Rider progresses to the next Grade Group (Junior to Intermediate or Intermediate to Senior), he/she may continue to ride Novice Classes and will continue to accumulate Blue Danish Ribbons toward becoming a Regular Rider. • Eligibility is based on the skill level of the rider; therefore, moving up Grade Groups or changing horses does not change eligibility. • A Rider may decide to move up to Regular Classes without having obtained three Blue Danish Ribbons.

RULES Novice Classes are conducted under the same Rules and Specifications for classes as listed in the PNW 4-H Horse Contest Guide with the following exceptions: • For Novice Trail Class, the following exceptions apply: o No Lope or Canter will be required.

O Obstacles will be a minimum of four and a maximum of six.

O Western Novice Trail riders using two hands briefly is to be considered a major fault but not a disqualification, However, excessive use of two hands continues to be a disqualification.

O A Novice Member may enter Non-Greenhorse Trail In-Hand, if desired.

O Obstacles will test basic trail maneuvers (back, side-pass, pivots, etc.) with combinations discouraged.

Obstacles may be simplified, for example, open and go through gate without having to close the gate. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 48 Revised April 2005 • For Dressage: • Novice Riders may enter Dressage, either in Introductory Level Tests or Training Level Tests. CONFLICTS • There is no cross entry between Novice and Regular Classes within a “seat” (ie may not enter Novice Stockseat Equitation and Regular Western Pleasure). • Any Members exhibiting in any of the following classes: Over Fences, Greenhorse (any seat), Aged Greenhorse (any seat), Weanling & Yearling (any seat), Dressage Tests First Level & Higher, will be automatically switched to a Regular Rider and will be ineligible to show in Novice Classes in the future.

LIMITATIONS • Novice Blue Danish Ribbons are not Medal Qualifying. • Novice Riders are not eligible for the State Fair 4-H Horse Exhibit. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 49 Greenhorse Classes PURPOSE Greenhorse classes were developed to encourage the Rider/Member who has a younger horse (five years or younger) as a project animal to exhibit the horse, demonstrating the knowledge and skills of the exhibitor.

Although the classes provide an opportunity for the Greenhorse to gain experience in a limited show environment, the safety of the riders and other horses will be emphasized.

ELIGIBILITY • All Greenhorse Classes are limited to Intermediate and Senior 4-H Members. • Greenhorses will remain eligible to show in Greenhorse Classes through their fifth (5th) year of age or until they have been shown under saddle in a Regular Class.

Once they have participated under saddle in a Regular Class in any seat, they are ineligible to show in Greenhorse Classes. • Greenhorse Riding Classes are limited to horses ages three through five, (see next item for age description).

No horses under three years of age are allowed in riding classes. • The age of a Greenhorse to be determined as of January 1st of the current year.

Proof of age may be required.

An example would be: A horse born in June will become a one-year-old (a yearling) on January 1st of the following year. • An exception may be made for Club-sponsored Shows where Greenhorse Classes are not offered, but only with prior permission of the sponsoring Club.

O Regular Equitation Classes may be entered for schooling purposes only.

Danish Ribbons awarded in equitation classes do not count toward attaining medal status.

O Regular Pleasure Classes may be entered for placings.

O Greenhorses shown in Western Regular Classes must be shown in a ring snaffle or bosal only.

O Greenhorses shown in English Regular Classes must be shown in a ring snaffle only. • Greenhorses are limited to Greenhorse classes at the County Shows and the County Fair, ie you cannot ride Regular Huntseat and then Western Greenhorse on the same horse. • Our County 4-H program offers Showmanship, Longe Line, In-Hand Trail, Horsemanship and Pleasure for English and Western Greenhorses.

Showing a Greenhorse in more than one or two classes during a day is discouraged because they are immature physically and mentally. • Difficult and unruly horses can be pulled from the arena or denied entry in further classes by show management.

RULES GREENHORSE SHOWMANSHIP (Western or English) • Limited to horses and ponies five years old and under. • If Colts & Fillies Showmanship is offered, yearlings and weanlings may not also enter Greenhorse Showmanship. • Member must be able to maintain control at all times. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 50 Revised April 2005 GREENHORSE HORSEMANSHIP and PLEASURE (Western or English) • Open to horses and ponies over three (3) years through five (5) years old that have not previously been shown in a bit other than those listed below.

Proof of age may be required. • Class may be divided into Western and English or Horse and Pony at the discretion of Show Management. • Horses and ponies entered in Greenhorse classes may NOT be entered in any other riding classes. • Western horses may be ridden with two hands (two-handing) or one hand, however, whichever is chosen must be maintained through the duration of the class.

No additional credit will be given for neck reining.

O EXCEPTIONS: Western: Bit to be a Snaffle or to use a Bosal Hackamore.

English: Bit to be a snaffle.

Protective gear, such as splint boots or bell boots, are allowed.

Cavesson is allowed and recommended with a snaffle bit.

German Olympic or Running Martingale allowed and recommended with a snaffle bit ONLY.

Rein Stops with Running Martingale must be used. • Class will be judged 50% on Rider (use and adjustment of equipment, use of aids quiet effective hands and legs, general horsemanship), and 50% on Horse (manners, submissiveness, performance, pleasurability, willingness to back).

CONFLICTS When a Medal Rider with a Greenhorse progresses out of Greenhorse classes and has only the one Project Horse, the rider may apply to go back to Regular Equitation classes and re-qualify for medals.

This should be discussed with the Program Leader.

LIMITATIONS Exhibitors in Greenhorse and Aged Greenhorse Classes may be asked by the Judge or Show Steward to drop the bridle so that the Judge or Show Steward may examine the bit.

GREENHORSE CLASS BITS The following is an explanation of the types of the type of snaffle bits approved to be used in the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program Greenhorse Classes: The Snaffle Bit is defined as a non-leverage bit with a solid or jointed mouthpiece. (See Snaffle Bit Description earlier in Reference Guide).

The mouthpiece may have up to three pieces.

The mouthpiece must be at least 3/8” diameter as measured 1” in from the rein ring.

Any taper of the mouthpiece shall be gradual.

The mouthpiece may be covered in leather, latex, rubber, plastic or may be uncovered.

Shanked (leverage) bits of any kind, including Tom Thumb bits and Kimberwicke bits are not allowed in Greenhorse Classes.

In Western Greenhorse Classes a chin strap must be attached below the reins.

It should not be so loose as to flop, nor so tight that a person cannot get two fingers between the horses jaw/chin and the chin strap.

Greenhorse Riding Classes do not allow any type of twisted mouthpiece.

Gag bits, double twisted wires, bits with any shank length are not allowed. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 51 Beginning Greenhorse Horsemanship PURPOSE Class is promoted for the Greenhorse and Aged Greenhorse that is currently training to be ridden at the walk and jog / trot.

No canter will be asked for on the rail or individually.

ELIGIBILITY Same requirements as Greenhorse.

Aged Greenhorses are also allowed in the Beginning Greenhorse Classes, but cannot also be entered in Aged Greenhorse Classes at the same show.

RULES REGARDING TACK & APPOINTMENTS Same as Greenhorse. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 52 Revised April 2005 Greenhorse Longe Line Class PURPOSE This Class is designed to encourage ground work training before advancing to riding, thus giving the horse a more solid working foundation, increased balance and physical fitness as well as obedience, respect and confidence in the 4-H Handler.

ELIGIBILITY Greenhorse Longe Line Classes will be open to horses five years of age and under that have never been shown under saddle at any type of show (4-H, breed, open, schooling, zone, etc.).

The handler must be an Intermediate or Senior 4-H Member.

RULES REGARDING TACK & APPOINTMENTS The 4-H Handler has a choice of one of the following: • Halter* – Must be made of leather, rope or strong webbing and must be sturdy with a throatlatch.

No Arabian show halters are allowed. • Longeing Cavesson*. (See picture to right). • Headstall with snaffle bit* – Headstall must be made of leather or strong webbing and have a throatlatch. (Snaffle bit is defined previously on page 40 in the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program Reference Guide under “Bit Definitions and Examples”).

A halter may be used over the headstall to attach to the longe line.

O Any safe and humane combination of halter and/or longeing cavesson and/or headstall is permissible. • The Longe Line must be made of leather, rope or strong webbing.

The longe line may not have rips, tears, holes or knots in it.

Minimum length of longe line shall be 20 feet if not cantering, otherwise 25 feet minimum (if cantering) and maximum length shall be 30 feet.

The longe line may be snapped or buckled to the cavesson center ring, the halter center ring or the snaffle ring.

With a snaffle bridle, the longe line without a chain may also be run through the bit ring and under the chin or over the poll then attached to the other bit ring.

The longe line with or without a chain, may be run through the side ring and under the chin or over the nose and attached to the other halter ring or run through the ring and doubled back and attached so it hangs straight down under the chin.

Chain may be run up the cheek. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 53 OPTIONAL TACK (No equipment shall impede the horse’s ability to work in a free forward frame). • Longe chin strap that attaches to the bridle or halter.

It must be made of leather or strong webbing with two snaps or buckles.

The longe chin strap allows the horse to reverse without adjusting the line. • Longe Whip or Driving Whip is permissible.

Crops, bats and dressage whips are not allowed. • Side-Reins; if used, they are to be fastened from snaffle rings directly to surcingle or saddle.

Side-reins with elastic or “doughnut” are recommended.

Tight side-reins shall be penalized.

Tiedowns, martingales, overchecks, drawreins or other training devices are not allowed. • Surcingle – with or without crupper. • Saddle & pad – English saddle must have stirrups removed or “run up” the leathers so they do not flop.

Western saddle must have stirrups removed (not tied). • Protective leg wraps and boots including shin, splint and bell boots and flat wraps are encouraged. CLASS PROCEDURE • When entering the ring, walk on the left side of your horse at about the throatlatch area.

Hold the longe line in your right hand 8” to 18” from the halter or longeing cavesson and carry the excess line in a figure eight or folded in your left hand (rope may not be coiled at any time). • Walk briskly in the direction the Ring Secretary, Announcer or Judge directs you to, and then line up as directed.

Set your horse up as you would for Showmanship.

Stand quietly and use the quartering system. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 54 Revised April 2005 • • When you are signaled, move out of the line up to the longeing area quietly and promptly.

Show your horse on the full length of the longe line at the walk, jog or trot and lope or canter both directions of the circle.

Horses under two years of age are not to lope or canter.

Two year-olds may lope or canter at their option, with no penalty imposed.

Three to five year-olds must lope or canter.

This is done a maximum of two circles at each gait, in each direction.

When you have completed your circles, halt the horse, gather the excess line in your left hand (not coiled) and lead the horse back into the line.

The reverse may be done either of two ways: o Halt the horse on the circle, walk to the horse, turn it with your hand on the line close to the horse, make any adjustments necessary, return to the center of the circle and then ask the horse to move on.

O Remain standing in the center of the circle, at the walk or halt ask the horse to reverse, the horse should also maintain the walk or halt after the reverse.

Either method for the reverse must be done quietly, with the horse turning willingly and under the complete control of the handler, not backing away, shying, or going forward before receiving a command from the handler. ADDITIONAL TESTS JUDGE MAY ASK FOR • Back. • Walk out of line. • Trot out of line. • Halt on a long circle from a gait specified by the Judge.

BASIS FOR SCORING 10% on the Handler – Neat, clean and properly dressed.

Attire suitable for the type of tack being used on the horse.

Poised, confident, courteous, prompt, alert and attentive.

The handler should use quiet, firm verbal commands.

The whip is to be used for guidance, direction and encouragement, not as punishment.

Yelling and excessive jerking will be penalized by the Judge.

Swearing will result in immediate disqualification and dismissal. 30% on the Horse and Equipment – Horse should be clean and presented as for a Showmanship class.

Horse should work both directions of the circle with willingness and attention to the handler.

A horse displaying attitudes uncomplimentary to pleasure horses such as ear pinning, tail wringing or bared teeth will be penalized by the Judge.

Bucking, biting, rearing, striking, kicking, bolting, running off or charging the handler or any other person or horse are serious faults.

Such horses may be dismissed from the ring at the discretion of the Judge.

All equipment must be clean, neat and fitted to the horse.

If a horse’s chin or nose area shows signs of broken skin, rawness or bleeding and/or whip marks are visible anywhere on the hide, the horse and the exhibitor will be eliminated from the class. 60% on Showing – Ability to show the horse to good advantage.

To lead at the walk and trot, set up and move the horse as directed by the Judge.

To longe at the walk, jog or trot (and lope or canter) both directions as well as halt and stand quietly.

Handler must be able to follow directions as given by the Judge, Ring Secretary or Announcer. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 55 Aged Greenhorse Classes PURPOSE The Aged Greenhorse Classes are designed for the 4-H Rider who has a project horse older than five years old that has not completed training.

The horse may not have been shown previously in any bit other than those allowed in the Aged Greenhorse Classes.

ELIGIBILITY • Aged Greenhorse Classes are open to Junior, Intermediate and Senior 4-H Members. • Aged Greenhorses can only be shown in Aged Greenhorse Classes, with the exception of individual Dressage tests, at the introductory or training level. • Intermediate and Senior Riders may show in Aged Greenhorse Classes until they have earned four Blue Danish Awards in that division in one seat.

To continue to show this horse, the Exhibitor must move to Regular Rider Classes. • A 4-H Member may decide to move out of Aged Greenhorse Classes without having received four Blue Danish Awards. • Once a horse has been shown under saddle in Regular Classes, it may not be shown in Aged Greenhorse Classes regardless of how many Blue Danish Awards have been earned. • Horse and rider combination cannot show in both Beginning Greenhorse and Aged Greenhorse classes at the same show.

RULES Refer to the Washington State Rules for 4-H Performance Horse with the following exceptions: • Exhibitors in Aged Greenhorse Classes may be asked by the Judge or Show Steward to drop the bridle so that the bit may be examined. • Protective gear, such as splint boots or bell boots are allowed. • Cavesson is allowed and recommended with the snaffle bit. • German Olympic or Running Martingale allowed and recommended with snaffle only.

Rein stops with Running Martingale must be used. • Aged Greenhorses may be entered in Costume Classes.

AGED GREENHORSE HORSEMANSHIP AND PLEASURE Follow the same rules and specifications as Greenhorse Horsemanship with the above exceptions.

AGED GREENHORSE SHOWMANSHIP • Follow the same rules and specifications as Regular Showmanship. • Aged Greenhorses will enter Aged Greenhorse Showmanship and are not eligible for Greenhorse Showmanship.

AGED GREENHORSE CLASS BITS • Western – The Bridle may be a Bosal Hackamore, a bridle with a snaffle bit (which has no shanks), or a Mechanical Hackamore (also called a Hackamore Bit).

The Snaffle (nonleverage) bit may have a solid or jointed mouthpiece, with a curb strap attached below the reins. • English – The bit must be a snaffle bit only. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 56 Revised April 2005 The following is an explanation of the types of the type of snaffle bits approved to be used in the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program Aged Greenhorse Classes: The Snaffle Bit is defined as a non-leverage bit with a solid or jointed mouthpiece. (See bit description earlier in Reference Guide under Bit Descriptions and Examples).

The mouthpiece may have up to three pieces.

The mouthpiece must be at least 3/8” diameter as measured 1” in from the rein ring.

Any taper of the mouthpiece shall be gradual.

The mouthpiece may be covered in leather, latex, rubber, plastic or may be uncovered.

Shanked (leverage) bits of any kind, including Tom Thumb bits and Kimberwicke bits are not allowed in Aged Greenhorse Classes.

In Western Aged Greenhorse Classes a chin strap must be attached below the reins.

It should not be so loose as to flop, nor so tight that a person cannot get two fingers between the horse’s jaw/chin and the chin strap.

Aged Greenhorses may use a single twisted wire mouthpiece.

Gag bits, double twisted wires, bits with any shank length are not allowed. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 57 In-Hand Trail Course Classes PURPOSE The purpose of this class is to familiarize the horse and exhibitor to the trail course with a positive experience.

The obstacles are designed to show the handling skills of the exhibitor and demonstrate the time and effort the exhibitor has spent working with their project horse on the ground.

Offering this class in-hand rather than saddled or mounted allows participation of horses too young to be saddled or ridden, ie, a yearling or a miniature horse.

With the addition of the Non-Greenhorse Trail In-Hand Class, we have a class available for those riders wishing to begin training their horse for the Trail Class, offering the safety of maneuvering through the obstacles on the ground, rather than mounted.

Since the main purpose of this class is be to prepare the horse for mounted Trail Class, the exhibitor should position the horse at each obstacle as would a mounted exhibitor.

ELIGIBILITY • Greenhorse In-Hand Trail is open to Greenhorses aged five years and under shown by Intermediate and Senior Members. (See age definition in Greenhorse Rules). • Aged Greenhorses may be shown by Junior, Intermediate and Senior Members in the Aged Greenhorse In-Hand Trail Class. • Any level rider (not showing a Greenhorse) may opt to exhibit in the Non-Greenhorse In-Hand Trail Class.

Horses shown in Non-Greenhorse In-Hand Trail Class cannot be shown in any other Trail Class at a Horse Show.

RULES • There are no bridles or saddles allowed in In-Hand Trail.

All horses will be shown in a clean, well-fitting halter and lead.

A stud chain is optional and may be used over the nose or under the chin.

Huntseat exhibitors may not show with a Hunt bridle.

No spurs, whips, crops or bats are allowed.

Horse must be neatly groomed, tails must be combed out free (not tied up, knotted, wound, wrapped or braided) The exception: Traditional hunter-type braiding of tail is allowed for those exhibiting in Huntseat attire.

Quiet voice commands and encouragement are allowed.

Excessive or loud cueing will be penalized.

Gentle touching of the horse will be permitted for guidance.

In-Hand Trail Classes are not medal-qualifying.

Minimum of five obstacles will be used on the course.

Safety shall be of utmost importance.

Scoring shall be 0 to 10 points per obstacle or test, 10 being the highest.

Tie-breaking will be done using the highest score on the following obstacles until the placings are determined: o Gate.

O Bridge or platform.

O Side-pass.

O Windfall or other walk-over.

O Turns. • • • • • • • • Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 58 Revised April 2005 BASIS FOR SCORING Criteria for scoring includes: • Handling skills of the Exhibitor. • Manners and responsiveness of the horse. • Correct execution of the pattern (horse positioned as if mounted).

OBSTACLES PERMITTED Plywood laid flat on the ground.

Low, level bridge (minimum of 4 feet wide).

Walk-over logs or poles, maximum of 12” high.

Water hazard.

Mail box or paper tube.

WALK-BY OBSTACLES PERMITTED Tarp or blanket stationary).

Lawn chair or bench.

Flowers and/or trees.

Stand Hay or straw bale.

Trot on the (possibly around an obstacle).

Flat with relaxed lead rope. (must be TESTS PERMITTED Turn on forehand.

Turn on hindquarters. Back-through “L” or straight back-through.

Lead through barrels.

Gate.

Pick up and/or carry bucket.

Cones. Halt. CONFLICTS • There is no cross entry with Walk-Trot, Novice or Regular Trail with the same horse. • One Trail Class per Horse per Show Day. — Bridle Path Hack – Other than Hunter Type CLASS PROCEDURE • Horses to be shown at an animated walk, trot and canter both ways of the ring. • Horses are to line up on command. • Horses are to stand quietly and back readily.

BASIS OF JUDGING To be judged 60% on performance, 20% on manners and 20% on conformation.

APPOINTMENTS Full, unbraided tail and mane (no ribbons), or roached mane and tail: Exception: Missouri Fox Trotter, Tennessee Walking Horses and American Saddlebreds can be shown with a braid and ribbon as tradition indicates.

No set or gingered tails allowed and must carry a natural foot.

Single pads not to exceed 5/16″ in thickness and shims permitted. Bridle Path Hack – Hunter Type CLASS PROCEDURE • Horses to be shown at an animated walk, trot and canter both ways of the ring. • Horses are to line up on command. • Horses are to stand quietly and back readily.

BASIS OF JUDGING To be judged 60% on performance, 20% on manners and 20% on conformation.

APPOINTMENTS Horses to be shown in regular Huntseat tack and Rider in typical Huntseat attire (as described earlier in Reference Guide). Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 60 Revised April 2005 Road Hack CLASS PROCEDURE • To be shown both ways of the ring at a flat-footed walk, trot, fast trot, easy canter and hand gallop with ability to move on. • No more than eight horses to gallop at one time. • Light contact shall be maintained. • Must stand quietly and back readily.

BASIS OF JUDGING To be judged 60% on performance, 20% on manners and 20% on substance. Color Class – Western or English ELIGIBILITY Open to Albinos, Appaloosas, Paints, Pintos, Palominos, Buckskins, Grullas, and Duns.

RULES Specifications are the same as in a Pleasure Class.

BASIS OF JUDGING To be judged 25% on color, 50% on performance and manners, and 25% on conformation. Weanlings and Yearlings RULES Basic rules of Showmanship to be followed with these exceptions: • Divisions may be separated into two classes: Sucklings and Weanlings (Foals of the current year) and Yearlings (Foals of the previous year). • No Stallions may be shown. • Foals entered in this class may not be shown in any other class. • Mares may be led into arena with foal of the current year.

However, mare must stand 10 feet behind the foals in line.

If mare is led out with the foal, she must walk at least 10 feet behind the foal taking precaution not to block the Judge’s view. • If mare and/or foals are unruly, they will be dismissed immediately. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 61 Disciplined Rail – Regular Riders Only CLASS PROCEDURE Performs as a group (no individual work).

The Judge is encouraged to call for reasonable tests of horsemanship, including, but not limited to: extended trot, pivot, drop/pickup stirrups, side pass, counter lead, change of lead, halt, leg yield, enter right track, dismount, remount, ground tie, etc.

The Judge may also ask questions regarding horsemanship or parts of tack.

BASIS OF JUDGING Disciplined Rail is an Equitation Class, not a Pleasure Class. Versatility – Regular Riders only – (Show form should state which attire/tack is first) Exhibitors and horses are shown in Western and English attire and tack.

All tack/attire changes are to be made in the ring.

Two grooms are allowed to assist in changing for the second phase.

Class may start either Western or English, which is to be specified on the show class list.

Safety will be judged and speed is not a consideration.

Horses must stand quietly.

Judging is based on 70% performance, 20 conformation and 10% appointments — Matched Pairs – Western or English – Regular Riders Only CLASS PROCEDURE Specifications are the same as Pleasure Classes.

Horses work in pairs, in both directions of the ring, at a walk, jog or trot, lope or canter and may be asked to back or for additional tasks.

Judged on manners and performance of horses, ability to perform maneuvers and how well the horses and riders match.

RULES Novice riders are not allowed to compete in this class.

No Greenhorses allowed in Matched Pairs.

BASIS OF JUDGING Judged 40% on uniformity of size and color of horses and attire of riders; and 60% on performance and manners of the pair. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 62 Revised April 2005 Costume Classes CLASS PROCEDURE To enter the ring at a walk and proceeded around the arena until requested to line up for inspection.

RULES May be offered as an Open Class or divided into sections as follows: • General Costume shown at a walk and judges primarily on creativity and general appeal.

Use your imagination but keep it safe! No carts, no standing or kneeling on the horse allowd. • Native American or Indian, shown at a walk and jog.

Judged on manners of the horse 25%, authenticity of costume 50% and quality of the costume 25% • Group Costume: Each entry consists of two or more exhibitors.

Shown ata walk and judged primarily on theme, creativity, general appeal, coordination of costumes and teamwork between group members.

BASIS FOR JUDGING To be judged on originality, authenticity, completeness, and/or general appeal.

Judge may ask questions regarding each entry. Arabian Mounted Native Costume (open to Regular Riders Only) CLASS PROCEDURE To enter the ring at a canter and to be shown at a walk, canter and a hand gallop (horses will not be asked to trot); with extreme or reckless speed to be penalized.

Horses shall stand quietly and back readily.

BASIS OF JUDGING Judged on performance and manners 75% and appointments 25%.

Arabian breed of horse is not required. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 63 Ladies’ Side Saddle (ASIDE RIDER) Equitation And Pleasure TACK AND ATTIRE • Western Side Saddle to be ridden in Stockseat attire.

The Western aside rider will wear the same attire as the astride rider with one exception – the aside rider will wear an apron or skirt over pants or divided skirt instead of pants. • English Side Saddle to be ridden in either Huntseat or Saddleseat attire.

O The Huntseat aside rider will wear the same attire as the astride rider with the addition of the safety apron. o The Saddleseat aside rider will wear the same attire as the astride rider with the addition of the apron.

The Saddleseat apron is longer than the Huntseat apron so that it covers the jodhpur pants. — Revised April 2005 Page 65 • • • • • “Modern” riding attire will be worn with the addition of a safety apron, skirt or divided skirt.

Safety aprons are strongly advised to make mounting and dismounting safer.

Safety aprons or skirts should be made of a heavy material and/or weighted down to prevent billowing and blowing from the legs.

Breeches and riding boots (Huntseat) or jodhpur pants and jodhpur boots (Huntseat and Saddleseat) are worn under the English Side Saddle Rider’s safety apron or skirt.

They should match in color and fabric. “Period” attire and veils allowed only in Costume Classes.

Many of the special Side Saddle Classes offered in open shows are really Costume Classes.

While the costume is part of the judging, the performance of the horse is the main area of judging.

A lady’s mount should be well-mannered and well-schooled.

An unruly horse should not place above one that is behaving, even if the costume is more attractive.

In classes that allow the riders a choice of costumes, that is, Huntseat, Saddleseat, Western or a Period Costume, preference should not be given to one over another.

The performance and tack should be consistent with the style of costume.

Side Saddle Riders may use a whip to cue in place of the right leg.

Huntseat Side Saddle Riders may carry a Staghorn whip (with long lash coiled in the hand) and a leather sandwich/flask case.

Side Saddle Riders may wear only one spur.

Only non-elastic girths are allowed (usually flat folded leather, not shaped) for safety reasons. CLASS PROCEDURE • Side Saddle Riders are subject to all 4-H rules, class routines and Judge’s instructions for the class in which they are entered. • Side Saddle Riders should be prepared to dismount and mount unassisted, if class routine calls for it. • English Side Saddle Riders may choose to either post or sit the trot (either is correct), but must be consistent during the class. • Side Saddle Riders are allowed in all classes except Over Fences, Walk-Trot/Jog, Novice Rider and Greenhorse.

EQUITATION All rules of proper equitation apply to the aside rider just as to the astride rider with the exception that the right leg is on the left side of the horse (this would be reversed if the lady is riding an off-side, side-saddle).

This leg should hang straight down, not slanting up the horse’s neck.

The right thigh should appear level, the knee should not be higher than the hip.

The hands should be held on either side of the knee for English, and slightly above the knee for Western.

PLEASURE In a pleasure class, the horse is being judged, therefore, the rider and her style of saddle has no bearing on the placings given in the class.

The horse ridden aside should perform all gaits, transitions and movements in the same manner as a horse ridden astride.

A lady riding aside may cue her horse with a whip to replace the absent right leg, with no penalty. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 66 Revised April 2005 Hunter Over Fences Classes Refer to the PNW 4-H Horse Contest Guide for class rules and PNW Horse Project Manual and PNW Hunter/Jumper manual for more information regarding Over Fences Classes Riders must be Regular status in Performance to compete in cross pole, 2’0” and 2’6” Over Fences classes. • Greenhorse and Aged Greenhorse riders may enter in ground pole classes ONLY. • Novice riders may also enter ground pole classes ONLY. • Walk/Trot level riders may NOT enter any classes at an Over Fences show.

No cross entry of horse & rider between ground pole, cross pole, 2’0” and 2’6” divisions.

To compete Over Fences at the Evergreen Fair, you must have participated in at least one 4-H Over Fences class at a Hunter Over Fences show or clinic at the level in which you are entered. Equitation Over Fences CLASS • • • • PROCEDURE Offered in Cross Poles, 2’, and 2’6 Regular divisions To be shown over not less than six fences Courses will be run individually per horse/rider combination and will be posted at least one hour prior to the classes.

Courses consist of at least six fences, with at least one change of direction.

They progress in height and difficulty. BASIS OF JUDGING • Shall be judged on Rider’s Equitation and ability to complete the course competently. • Refusals, knockdown of fences, wrong leads, loosing a stirrup or reins, excessive speed and trotting when not a specified part of a test will be considered major faults. Working Hunters — Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 67 Handy Hunter CLASS • • • • • • PROCEDURE Offered to Regular divisions only Fences up to 2’9” to be shown over not less than six fences Courses will be run individually per horse/rider combination and will be posted at least one hour prior to the classes.

The course must have at least two changes of direction and at least one combination.

Riders may be required to trot over one fence on the course, to lead over one obstacle, or open a gate while mounted.

When final placings are announced, riders may be asked to dismount and lead their horses in at a trot past the Judge (in the order they are called) so that they may be inspected for any unsoundness. BASIS OF JUDGING • Judged on performance, suitability, and soundness.

Emphasis should be placed on turns and promptness. • Refusals, knockdown of fences, wrong leads, loosing a stirrup or reins, excessive speed and trotting when not a specified part of a test will be considered major faults. Hunter Hack CLASS PROCEDURE • All riders and horses to enter the arena as a group. • To be shown at a walk, trot and canter both ways of the ring. • A pattern will be posted prior to the class or dictated by the judge. • Judges may ask for the following movements: collected trot, extended trot, hand gallop, halt, haunch turn, forehand turn, rein back, dismount and remount, run up stirrups, lead, etc. • Horses are required to jump two fences (not to exceed 2’6″) and may be asked to hand gallop one way of the ring.

No more than eight horses at a time may be asked to gallop.

RULES No Martingales (standing, running, etc.) are allowed.

BASIS OF JUDGING Judged on performance, suitability, and soundness.

Manners shall be emphasized. Hunter Under Saddle CLASS • • • • PROCEDURE Offered to all participants and may be split by age groups or divisions.

To be shown at a walk, trot and canter both ways of the ring.

Hunter Under Saddle (U/S) classes are conducted on the flat with a group of horses.

No fences are to be jumped. BASIS OF JUDGING Judged on performance, suitability, and soundness.

Manners shall be emphasized. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 68 Revised April 2005 Dressage Medals Program GENERAL RULES • There shall be one age group for Dressage Medals with Seniors and Intermediates combined. • To be eligible to ride for a Bronze Medal, riders must earn three Blue Danish Ribbons at three different Snohomish County 4-H Dressage Shows, or at the County Fair.

Blue Danish Ribbons are earned at Training Level and above.

The following formula is used to determine Danish Awards: o 54.99% and under = White Danish Ribbon.

O 55.00% through 58.99% = Red Danish Ribbon.

O 59.00% and up = Blue Danish Ribbon. • Qualifications and percentages for each Medal will be as follows: o Bronze Medal awarded for a score of 61.000% and above in Training Level Test 3 or above.

O Silver Medal awarded for a score of 62.000% and above in First Level Test 1 or above.

O Gold Medal awarded for a score of 63.000% and above in First Level Test 3 or above.

O Platinum Medal awarded for a score of 65.000% and above in Second Level Test 2 or above.

ELIGIBILITY • A rider may not ride for the next Medal until at least 48 hours after their last qualifying Blue Danish Ribbon or Medal has been earned. • To be eligible for Bronze Medal Competition in any of the events, a 4-H Member must earn three Blue Danish Qualifying Ribbons in approved Qualifying Classes.

Upon receipt of the qualifying Blue Danish Ribbon, a Member will become eligible for the Medals Program in 48 hours. • Once qualified for the Medals Program, a Rider must ride in the Bronze Medal Class (Member may not opt out of being Medal Qualified). • Once a rider has earned a Bronze Medal they may continue to ride at the level at which they earn a medal until they feel ready to move up or until they earn three scores at or above 63% for Bronze Medal Winner, 64% for Silver Medal Winners and 65% for Gold Medal Winners. • Silver Medal Competition is open only to Bronze Medal Winners. • Gold Medal Competition is open only to Silver Medal Winners. • Platinum Medal Competition is open only to a Rider who has won three Gold Medals. • A Member may win only one Bronze and one Silver Medal in any event. • A Member may win only three Gold Medals in each event. • A Member may win as many Platinum Medals as he/she is capable of doing. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 69 DRESSAGE SCORING Scoring for the Dressage Shows is unique.

To equalize the scores to make for an equitable High Point and Reserve Champion for the Show, a Difficulty Adjustment Scale is used which is based on the degree of difficulty of the test being ridden.

The following criteria are used to determine placings: • A Horse and Rider Combination can ride in two Dressage Tests (either the same or different), and receive a Danish Ribbon for each test, however, only the highest Danish Ribbon will count toward Medal-Qualifying Status.

Danish Ribbons are based on the above percentages and are not modified. • After Danish Awards are determined, scores are adjusted based on a scale of difficulty, allowing a more difficult test to receive more credit for Class Placing, when there is more than one Test Level in the same Class. • Once Classes are placed, High Point and Reserve are determined using the same Difficulty Adjustment Scale. • The Judge’s comments will be made available to the contestant. — Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 83 Pattern Equitation Test Options The following list contains the elements that can be incorporated into Gold and Platinum Medal Equitation Patterns. SADDLESEAT Pick up reins.

Back up to eight steps.

Feet disengaged from stirrup irons; feet engaged with stirrup irons (at a halt only).

Figure eight(s) at a trot demonstrating change of diagonal.

Serpentine at a trot demonstrating change of diagonal.

Trot down center of arena or down rail demonstrating change of diagonal.

Figure eight(s) at a canter demonstrating simple change of lead.

Serpentine at a canter demonstrating simple change of lead.

Canter down center of arena demonstrating simple change of lead.

Ride without stirrup irons at a trot (for no more than 1 minute, drop stirrup irons at a halt, pick up at walk or halt).

Ride without stirrup irons at a canter (drop stirrup irons at a halt, pick up at walk or halt). HUNTSEAT Halt for 4 to 6 seconds.

Back up to 8 steps Hand gallop and halt.

Figure eight(s) at a trot demonstrating change of diagonal.

Serpentine at a trot demonstrating change of diagonal.

Trot down center of arena or down rail demonstrating change of diagonal.

Figure eight(s) at a canter demonstrating flying or simple change of lead.

Serpentine at a canter demonstrating flying or simple change of lead.

Canter down center of arena demonstrating flying or simple change of lead.

Execute half turn(s) on the haunches.

Execute half turn(s) on the forehand.

Canter on the counter lead. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 84 Revised April 2005 STOCKSEAT Figure eight(s) at a jog.

Serpentine at a jog.

Lope down center of arena demonstrating a flying or simple change of lead.

Figure eight(s) at a lope demonstrating flying or simple change of lead.

Serpentine at a lope demonstrating flying or simple change of lead.

Execute 360 degree turn(s).

Execute rollback(s).

Demonstrate stop from lope.

Ride without stirrups.

Back up to 8 steps. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 85 Platinum Medal Rules DRESSAGE RULES • Platinum Medal scores are listed in the Dressage Medals Section of this book. • All Exhibitors will receive comments from the Judge regarding their ride. • A Member may earn as many Platinum Medals as he/she is capable of doing.

DRIVING RULES • All Platinum Medal Exhibitors are to design their own individual pattern. • A copy of the pattern must be submitted to the Show Committee via the Show Office on the day the Class is to be performed.

A copy will be supplied to the Judge prior to the Exhibitor’s performance. • All Exhibitors will receive comments from the Judge regarding their ride. • A Member may earn as many Platinum Medals as he/she is capable of doing.

EQUITATION RULES • All Platinum Medal Exhibitors are to design their own individual pattern. • A copy of the pattern must be submitted to the Show Committee via the Show Office on the day the Class is to be performed.

A copy will be supplied to the Judge prior to the Exhibitor’s performance. • Huntseat and Stockseat patterns must include at least one flying change of lead. • Cones will be used at course designer’s (exhibitor’s) direction. • All Platinum Medal courses must use a minimum of six components from the Pattern Equitation Test Options from previous page. • Course may be set to music, if desired. (A CD and tape player is available with the sound system at the Fairgrounds). • Huntseat Equitation Medal Classes will be placed to eight placings.

Points earned will count toward High Point awards, if offered.

Huntseat Medal Riders may not ride in the regular equitation class except at Fair. • Stockseat Equitation Medal classes will be placed to eight placings.

Points earned will count toward High Point awards, if offered.

Stockseat Medal Riders may not ride in the regular equitation class except at Fair. • Saddleseat Equitation Medal classes will be placed to eight placings.

No points will be earned toward High Point awards.

Saddleseat Medal Riders are allowed to ride in their regular Equitation classes at both County Horse Shows and County Fair. • All Exhibitors will receive comments from the Judge regarding their ride. • A Member may earn as many Platinum Medals as he/she is capable of doing.

SHOWMANSHIP RULES • All Platinum Medal Exhibitors are to design their own individual pattern. • A copy of the pattern must be submitted to the Show Committee via the Show Office on the day the Class is to be performed.

A copy will be supplied to the Judge prior to the Exhibitor’s performance. • Cones will be used at course designer’s (exhibitor’s) direction. • All Platinum Medal courses must use components from the following (non-inclusive) list: o Showing horse from either the near side or the off side. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 86 Revised April 2005 — Page 88 Revised April 2005 Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association to serve as Members of the Committee; said appointments shall be subject to approval by the Executive Board. 5.01.03 The Secretary shall keep the minutes of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association and Executive Board meetings, one copy of which shall be filed in the Extension Office of Snohomish County, one copy mailed to each Member of the Executive Board, and one copy kept on file in a book/books to be turned over to the next elected Secretary. 5.01.04 The Treasurer shall keep account of all moneys received and expended, making a report at each meeting of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association.

He/She shall turn over all books and accounts to the newly elected treasurer after the annual election as well as making the books and accounts available upon request by the Auditing Committee.

He/She shall also compile an Annual Financial Report as of January 1 to be made available to the elected VicePresident for preparation of the Budget. 5.02 The Executive Board shall include the Program Leader, Assistant Program Leader, President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, immediate Past-President, Show Committee Chairman, Games Committee Chairman, and the Grievance and Rules Committee Chairperson. 5.02.01 The Executive Board shall meet as required when determined by the President of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association. 5.02.02 The Executive Board shall appoint the Nominating Committee.

CHAPTER 6 ELECTIONS 6.01 Election of officers shall be held annually with strict adherence to the Constitution and By Laws of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association in effect as of September 30 preceding the election. 6.01.01 Election shall be held at the first recognized and legally constituted meeting on or after October 1 of each year. 6.01.02 Election of officers shall be by secret ballot. 6.01.03 Election shall be by majority of the total votes cast.

In the event five or more nominations are presented for any one office, the two nominees receiving the most votes shall be elected by a run-off ballot. 6.01.04 If any office is vacated during the first half of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association year, nominations shall be held from the floor and election by secret ballot.

If any office is vacated during the last half of the year, the Executive Board shall fill the vacated office for the duration of the term by appointment approved by a majority of the Board. 6.02 To be eligible for an office, a nominee must have been an active Leader of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association for one year and been in attendance at 50% of the meetings of the Association during the preceding year. 6.03 The President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer will be limited to two consecutive, one year terms, per office, and will be ineligible for that office, for two years following their Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 89 second term.

A partial term of less than six months due to the resignation of an elected officer will not be counted against a nominee’s eligibility.

Eligibility for President and Vice-President will be limited to a maximum of 4 years total in each position. 6.04 Election shall be held at the first recognized and legally constituted meeting on or after October 1 of each year.

CHAPTER 7 STANDING COMMITTEES 7.01 Standing Committees will serve each year for the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association: Appointments are to be made following election of officers and are subject to Executive Board approval.committee Chairpersons are to be current Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association. 7.01.01 The Finance Committee shall be Chaired by the currently elected Vice-President and shall present to the membership at large through-out the year projects by which moneys may be raised by the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association and shall prepare a proposal for the Annual Budget for presentation to the membership.

This Committee shall meet as needed. 7.01.02 The Nominating Committee, shall consist of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association.

The Executive Board Members of the current year are exempt from service on this committee.

This committee shall prepare a slate of Members for each office to whom the office is acceptable, to be presented at the first recognized and legally constituted meeting on or after October 1 of each year.

Further nominations may be made from the floor.

The Nominating Committee shall submit in writing the proposed slate of officers to the membership at large no less than fifteen days prior to the election. 7.01.03 An Auditing Committee, consisting of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, will audit the books of the Treasurer annually and report their findings to the Executive Board. 7.01.04 A Breeder Awards Committee consisting of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, shall be responsible for the selection of Breeder Award certifications from 4H applicants and shall solicit grantors for the awards. 7.01.05 A Show Committee, Consisting of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, shall schedule and be responsible for the entire operation of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association sponsored 4-H Horse Shows during the current year.

These sponsored shows must comply with the current Washington State Performance Horse Member Manual & Class Rules and Snohomish County 4-H Horse Rules. 7.01.06 A Games Committee, consisting of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, shall schedule and be responsible for the entire operation of the Games Shows during the current year.

These sponsored shows must strictly comply with the current Snohomish County 4-H Horse Rules. 7.01.07 A Trail Committee, consisting of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, shall be responsible for the total operation of at least one trail ride during the current Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 90 Revised April 2005 year.

All sponsored rides must strictly comply with the current Snohomish County 4-H Horse Rule Rules. 7.01.08 A Grievance and Rules Committee, consisting of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, shall receive and arbitrate all protests.

The committee shall review grievances when judged appropriate by either the Committee Chairperson or the Program Leader.

Grievances are of a complaint nature and do not have to do with a rules infraction.

They may be filed at any time and should be referred directly, in writing, to the Chairperson of the Committee or the Program Leader.

Protests are alleged violations of Horse Program rules as currently published.

All protests must be submitted in writing within 24 hours of the alleged violation and must be accompanied by a $25.00 potentially refundable deposit.

Protests may be filed directly with the Chairperson of the Grievance and Rules Committee, Horse Program Leader, Snohomish County Extension Office, or the event management at which the alleged violation occurred.

All protests will be considered at the next regularly scheduled committee meeting.

If the protest is determined to be valid, a recommended course of action will be voted upon and referred to the Horse Leaders membership for their approval and implementation.

If the protest is determined to be valid the $25.00 deposit will be refunded.

If the protest is determined to be invalid, the deposit will not be refunded.

No special forms or documentation are needed to file a protest.

A simple hand-written note and a check for the deposit is all that is required.

All parties involved will be notified and given the opportunity to attend the committee meeting where the protest is discussed.

This committee shall receive all suggestions for rule changes, review such changes and present the change to the membership with a committee recommendation.

All changes to the 4-H Horse Rules approved by the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association must be made available as soon as possible. 7.01.09 A Judging Committee, consisting of Members of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, shall schedule and be responsible for the entire operation of no less than four Horse Judging Contests during the year.

The top scores from two of the four are to be compiled to select the Top 20 Horse Judges in each Division.

The Top 20 Seniors and Top 20 Intermediates will be invited to compete at a Judging Finals where both written and oral reasons will be required.

This score will be added to their previous score to determine the County Judging Teams.

CHAPTER 8 MEETINGS 8.01 No less than ten meetings of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association will be scheduled by the elected officers annually. 8.02 Notice of meeting schedules, including changes of scheduling, will be by written notice no less than ten days prior to the meeting date. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 91 8.03 Cancellation and/or change of an announced meeting time can be made by the Executive Board only. 8.04 A meeting can be called by 15% of the membership petitioning the Executive Board.

The Executive Board shall be required to then announce the date as soon as possible for the call.

CHAPTER 9 AMENDMENTS 9.01 This Constitution and By Laws may be amended by a 2/3 vote of Members present at a regularly constituted meeting of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association at which a quorum is present. 9.02 Amendments must be endorsed by ten Members in good standing and submitted in writing to an elected officer.

Written notification shall be made to all qualified Members no less than 15 days prior to the meeting at which the Amendments(s) are to be presented.

Said notification must carry an exact wording of the proposed Amendment(s). 9.03 A quorum shall consist of 50% of the average attendance by Members in good standing of the past 4 regularly scheduled meetings of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association.

CHAPTER 10 DISBANDMENT 10.01 In the event of the disbandment of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association, all moneys shall be transferred to the Snohomish County 4-H Leaders Council .

CHAPTER 11 RATIFICATION 11.01 This document shall become the Constitution and By Laws of the Snohomish County 4-H Horse Leaders Association when ratified. 11.02 To be ratified, a 2/3 vote of Members present at a regularly constituted meeting at which a quorum exists must vote in favor of ratification. Ratified: 1974 Last Amended: August 14, 1997 Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 92 Revised April 2005 Glossary 90° Turn 180° Turn 270° Turn 360° Turn 450° Turn 540° Turn 4-H Secretary 4-H Year Abuse Achievement Award Acknowledge Activity Leader Advanced Horsemanship Clinic Age Group ¼ turn; in an ‘L’ shape. ½ turn; at completion of turn will be facing the opposite direction. ¾ turn.

Full circle turn. 1¼ turn; full circle plus another ¼ turn. 1½ turns; full circle plus another ½ circle.

An employee at the Extension Office who works primarily with the Extension Agent, office staff and 4-H Volunteers.

October 1st through September 30th.

Both verbal and physical abuse toward another person or a horse will not be tolerated and may result in dismissal from a 4-H activity.

See Abuse Policy.

The highest level of achievement within a 4-H project, based on Leader recommendation and Member record book.

Motion from the judge to start a pattern, or to note the end of a pattern.

Sometimes a nod or a wave.

A Leader within a Club who is responsible for certain activities (ie Club Show or Drill Team).

A one-day clinic offered for regular and medal riders to receive training from local clinicians and trainers held in the spring at the Fairgrounds.

Age levels used by 4-H.

Primary Level is kindergarten, first and second graders; Junior Level is third, fourth and fifth graders; Intermediate Level is sixth, seventh and eight graders; Senior Level is ninth grade until the end of 4-H eligibility.

Term used for horses older than five who have had little training for performance showing.

Body parts of the horse.

May be asked by the judge during setup on Showmanship.

In regards to horses, has to do with tack and/or attire of horse and rider. Aged Greenhorse Anatomy Appointments — Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 96 Revised April 2005 Fences Figure 8 Another name for the jumps used in an Equitation Over Fences course.

Two circles lying side – by – side.

To keep circles even do not make an X at the cross over, but trace the path of the overlying circles. Showmanship See previous section for terms specific to Showmanship.

Also called Showmanship.

Showmanship is based on execution of pattern, grooming of horse, general showmanship of handler.

This is not a Halter Class, which is based on conformation of a horse.

Forehand Turn To Moving the horse’s back end around his front end, so that the front legs The Left remain as close as possible to their original position.

The horse’s head (nose) move toward the left.

If done from the ground the rider would be on the near side with their right hand extended to start the motion of the back end.

Forehand Turn To Moving the horse’s back end around his front end, so that the front legs The Right remain as close as possible to their original position.

The horse’s head (nose) move toward the right.

If done from the ground the rider would be on the off side with their left hand extended to start the motion of the back end.

Gait A way of going, either natural or acquired, that is characterized by a distinctive movement of feet and legs.

Gaited Horse Gaming Gate Hold A breed of horse that has an Intermediate Gait in place of a trot or jog, ie Missouri Fox Trotter, Tennessee Walking Horse, etc.

See Western Games.

A request made by an exhibitor to wait before closing the gate and starting a class – usually limited to 5 minutes.

Often used when Members are sharing horses and/or equipment.

Term for young horses (five years old and under) who have little show experience.

There are specific limitations found in the rules.

Horses two years old and under may not be shown under saddle in any class.

A contest involving three Members who provide one horse for the contest, which is used by another team.

Teams are scored on a written quiz (by one Member), showmanship, (by one Member) and grooming (by all Members).

Grooming is scored on safety, teamwork, proper use of tools and final results.

Poles placed on the ground that a horse and Rider may be called upon to go over.

Stop.

Make your stop as squarely as possible.

A class that judges the conformation of a breed or a type.

Often seen in our judging contests, but not used in our horse shows. Greenhorse Groom Squad Ground Poles Halt Halter Class Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 97 Hardship Request Haunch Turn Helmet Requirements Herdsmanship — When a Member’s project horse that is entered for the Fair becomes unavailable due to death, injury or loss of lease, the Member and Leader may request a waiver of the June 1st deadline in order to exhibit a nonproject horse.

Requests are determined on an individual basis.

Making a turn with the horse, with the back end of the horse showing little motion and the front part of the horse moving around the back end.

With practice the horse will learn to “stick” on his/her pivot foot.

All 4-H youth are required to wear an ASTM/SEI Equestrian approved helmet whenever mounted (riding or driving) at a 4-H activity.

Meeting and greeting the public, and cleaning public and stall areas during the Fair.

All 4-H Members are expected to participate in Herdsmanship duty with the rest of their Club.

A high point and reserve (2nd place) high point award are given at County Horse Shows.

Year-end high point and reserve high point awards are also given.

A four- phase contest that tests a Member’s knowledge about horses.

Phases are horse judging, identification, written examination and team problemsolving.

Hippology is Greek for study of the horse.

Term to describe a Rider and Horse together in a class; often used to accumulate points in multiple classes.

A contest that verbally tests a Member’s knowledge about horses.

Members are on teams of three or four Members and questions are asked orally to two teams at a time.

Similar to Jeopardy.

An association of Volunteers involved in the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program.

In regards to our program, it would be the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program, a part of the Washington State 4-H Horse Program.

A term for the equitation classes used in Greenhorse and Aged Greenhorse Classes.

A Huntseat Class that includes group arena work plus individual work over two fences.

An English “Seat” in performance.

A one-page insert for the Record Book documenting a 4-H Member’s Project Horse(s).

Refers to the main horse arena at the Fairgrounds.

Where the Member exhibits the horse on the ground with only a halter or bridle.

Set up your horse for the judge to perform an inspection.

Your horse should be evenly square on all feet. (See State Performance Horse for breed type exceptions). Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 High Point Hippology Horse & Rider Combination Horse Bowl Horse Leaders Horse Program Horsemanship Hunter Hack Huntseat Individual Horse Record Indoor Arena In-Hand Inspection Page 98 Into Line Jacket Awards Jog Judge After dismissal you will be asked to move your horse into line.

This means to line up on the rail as indicated by the judge or ring secretary.

You may be asked to line up nose to tail or side by side.

Jackets awarded to both Members and Leaders that have proven to be exemplary 4-H models.

See Awards Section.

A two-beat gait called for in Western classes.

An impartial official hired by Show Management to make decisions in class placings in performance classes with in adherence to the rules.

For Western Games events, the Judge verifies that a Safe Ride was completed in accordance with the event rules.

Learning to evaluate horses at halter and under saddle.

There are six county judging events held by the Program each year.

A cup that holds a jump rail in place on a jump standard.

The vertical posts that hold a jump in place.

A horse trained to jump.

A jumper course is usually timed.

Our 4-H Program offers Equitation Over Fences, instead of jumping.

The rope or leather strap attached to the halter for leading during Showmanship.

When loping or cantering, the foreleg that is reaching out the furthest.

When circling to the right, the horse should be on the right lead, that is, the right foreleg should reach out slightly ahead of the left leg.

A Volunteer who assumes a leadership role in assisting with youth development in the Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program.

All Leaders from any 4-H project in Snohomish County are members of the Leaders’ Council, and welcome to attend Leaders’ Council Meetings.

Contact the 4-H Secretary at the Extension Office for dates and details.

See County Show.

Showing a horse without a halter or lead.

A class for Greenhorses where the 4-H handler demonstrates to a judge their skill in longeing the horse. (Also lounging or lunging) – training a horse by using a 30 foot long line and causing the horse to circle the handler.

Usually done at a walk, trot and canter/lope.

A three-beat gait called for in Western Classes. Judging Jump Cups Jump Standard Jumper Lead Lead Leader Leaders’ Council Leaders’ Show Liberty Longe Line Class Longeing Lope Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 99 Lots Medal Rider Divisions of a class where entries total more than may be safe for the arena size.

A rider who has earned the required Blue Danish Ribbons or medals to become eligible to compete for Medals (Offered in Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum levels).

The process whereby a Member works toward being eligible to compete for medals at County Shows and the Fair.

Accumulation of Blue Danish Ribbon awards are required to move in to the Medals Program.

All County-sponsored shows are medal qualifying.

Club-sponsored Shows may apply for medal-qualifying status.

A breed of horse that is too small to ride, and is shown in Showmanship, Trail In-Hand and Driving Classes.

The left side of a horse.

Considered the “correct” side for mounting and dismounting. Medal-Qualifying Medal-Qualifying Show Miniature Horse Near Side Near Side Of Your The left side of the horse.

This is the “correct” side of the horse for leading Horse and setting up.

Non-Greenhorse Trail In-Hand Novice A designation given to horse/rider combinations that would like to exhibit in a Trail Class In-Hand, but are not a Greenhorse or Aged Greenhorse for other classes.

Good for new Trail Class exhibitors.

The second skill level in performance for Members who are comfortable at a canter or lope but still new enough to showing or a seat that they require more experience before moving up to Regular.

Failure to complete any or all elements of a pattern in proper sequence, ie a simple lead change where a flying lead change is required, or leaving the designated boundaries of the arena.

The right side of a horse.

The right side of your horse.

This is the “incorrect” side of your horse for maneuvers unless you have been asked to perform a movement from the off side, or if the movement can only be properly done from the offside, such as the forehand turn to the left.

The arena on the Fairgrounds that is located between the Indoor Arena and the road.

A horse that moves both legs on one side forward at the same time at the trot.

The area designated as a holding area for participants in the next class prior to entering the arena.

The layout of maneuvers involved in a Showmanship, Equitation, Trail or other class.

Designed for horse/rider combinations to show expertise in completing specified movements at designated locations in the arena. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 100 Revised April 2005 Off Course Off Side Offside Of Your Horse Outside Covered Arena Pacer Paddock Pattern Pattern Permanent Record Book Pivot Pivot Foot The part of the Record Book that is a record of a Member’s entire 4-H experience.

It is moved to the new Record Book at the beginning of each 4H year.

Type of turn where the horse moves in a turn with one foot anchored to the ground.

The “planted” foot during a pivot turn, ie n a forehand turn to the left, the pivot foot would be the left front; on a haunch turn to the left, the pivot foot would be the left hind foot.

Ribbons given according to ranking in a class.

The platinum level first requires earning three gold medals.

A performance class judged primarily on the horse – manners, way of going, responsiveness, etc.

A separate breed of animal from the horse; when used for Horse Shows, however, “pony” is used to indicate animals under 56 inches.

See Exhibitor Handbook.

Money paid by the County Fair and State Fair to fair participants.

Some classes (ie Equitation, Showmanship) are premium paying, some (ie Costume, Matched Pairs) are not.

See Exhibitor Handbook for complete details.

A Volunteer elected by Leaders in a “program” who helps direct the program.

In the Horse Program, there is also a full slate of officers (president, vice president, secretary and treasurer) and an assistant program Leader.

Our program Leader is Pat Pehling.

A Volunteer Leader who works within a Club with Members in a particular project, ie horse.

A demonstration or illustrated talk prepared and given by a Member to a Leader, Club or other group.competition at local areas are offered each February/March and those placing high are invited to county finals in April.

Do not “pull” horse during patterns in Showmanship.

Practice with horse to make horse ready to move at a walk or trot without pulling him/her along.

The discipline that designates your movements during Showmanship the judge is inspecting and judging you and your horse.

When Placing Ribbons Platinum Medal Pleasure Pony Premium Book Premiums — Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 102 Revised April 2005 Standard (Ideal) State 4-H Horse Publications Used in the Danish Award System to define the ideal expectation expected from the specific class.

Exhibitors are measured against this ideal, or standard.

Publications available through Washington State University that cover all aspects of the 4-H Horse Program. Step Forward To Return to the position you were in before you started this maneuver.

If Original Position backing and then asked to return you original position, this would mean that you return to where you were before you started backing.

This is different from “and close”.

Stirrup Hobbles Short straps that are attached around the stirrup leather just above the stirrup on a Western saddle that hold the leathers close together (safety measure).

Also known as stirrup keepers.

Stockseat Western style of riding.

Stop Superintendent Tack Sale Tests The Office To The Left To The Right Trail Arena Trail Class Trail Class In Hand Action between stopping one action and starting another when a full halt is not requested.

Person(s) in charge of a division of the County Fair, or of some of the Horse Program’s annual events, ie Tack Sale.

Major fundraiser for the Horse Program held each March.

A pattern used in Dressage to exhibit and test level of horse’s abilities.

See County Extension Office.

To begin a turn with the horse’s head (nose) going to the left.

To begin a turn with the horse’s head (nose) going to the right.

The arena where the Trail Class is held.

A performance class which is judged on how a horse and mounted rider negotiate obstacles.

A performance class which is judged on how a horse and handler negotiate obstacles (handler on ground and horse in halter). Trail Horse Class In An event which judged on an actual trail ride over a pre-marked course.

The Field Training School Annual Clinic held at the Fairgrounds that teaches newer Members the basics of Showmanship, Equitation, Western Games, Trail, Health Care, Grooming – process of brushing and trimming a horse in preparation for riding or showing. Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005 Page 103 Trot Walk Walk/Trot And Walk/Jog Warm-Up Arena A two-beat gait called for in English, Driving, and Dressage.

A flat-footed four-beat gait, natural to all horses.

A pre-novice level where participants in performance classes do not canter.

An area provided for warm up prior to classes.

All 4-H rules apply to warm up arenas. Washington This is a website and listserv for 4-H Horse Program Members and Leaders 4-H Horse Leaders that are interested in 4-H events in the State of Washington.

The site is at: Website WA4-Hhorseleaders @yahoogroups.com Western Bit A leverage bit acceptable for western performance classes.

Western Games Youth Forum Events run on preset patterns which, at the advanced level, are run at high speed (Pole Bending, Barrels, etc.).

A meeting held approximately quarterly to discuss the Horse Program with any Intermediate and Senior Members that would like to be more involved in the Horse Program.

Opinions are sought regarding parts of the Horse Program that affect the youth involved in the program.

The Youth Forum has been responsible for instituting some new awards and some changes in the Performance Class Rules.

Zones are geographical divisions of Washington State Horsemen Members across the state.

Zone shows run under those rules. Zone Show Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Page 104 Revised April 2005 — H Hackamore Bit ……………………………..

See Mechanical Hackamore Hardship…………………………………………………………………………. 21 Hay Nets ………………………………………………………………………… 26 Helmet…………………………………. 14, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 44 Herdsmanship ……………………………………………………………. 21, 46 High Five Awards ……………………………………………………………. 18 High Point ……………………………………………. 16, 77, 83, 84, 87, 88 Hippology ………………………………………………………. 5, 7, 9, 14, 46 Hoofbeats …………………………………………………………. 8, 10, 11, 12 Horse Bowl …………………………………………………….. 5, 7, 8, 14, 46 Horse Certificate …………………………………………………… 13, 19, 21 Horse Judging …………………………………. 5, 8, 9, 12, 13, 21, 46, 92 Horse Photography …………………………………………………….. 20, 46 Horse Program Achievement Awards …………………………………. 13 Horse Program Awards ……………………………………………….. 15, 16 ……………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Horse Shop ……………………………………………………………….. 20, 46 Horse Show Chair ……………………………………………………………… 7 Horseless Horse ………………………………………………………………. 14 Horseless Horse Members…………………………………………………… 8 Horsemanship …………………………………………………… 4, 47, 51, 62 Horses are Fun ………………………………………………………………… 14 Hunter Hack ……………………………………………………………………. 68 Leg Wraps ………………………………………………..

See Leg Protection Lifetime Achievement Award ……………………………………………. 18 Listserv ………………………………………………………………………….. 10 Longe Line …………………………………………………………… 50, 53, 54 Longeing ……………………………………………………………… 26, 43, 53 Lot…………………………………………………………………………

See Lots Lots ……………………………………………………………………………….. 42 M Make a Difference ……………………………………………………………. 11 Martingales ……………………. 27, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 51, 54, 56, 68 Matched Pairs …………………………………………………………………. 62 Mechanical Hackamore………………………………………….. 34, 38, 56 Medal-Qualifying ……………………………………………………….. 39, 70 Medal-Qualifying Show……………………………………………………. 10 Medals Program …………………………………………………………. 16, 73 Message Archive ……………………………………………………………… 10 Miniature Horse ………………………………………………………………. 58 Monroe…………………………………………………………………………… 21 Monthly Meeting …………………………………..

See Program Meeting Monthly Newsletter …………………………………………………………. 10 Mouthpiece …………………………………….. 34, 35, 36, 37, 51, 56, 57 Music ……………………………………………………………………….. 87, 88 N National 4-H Hippology contest …..

See National Equine Contests National 4-H Horse Bowl Contest ..

See National Equine Contests National Equine Contests………………………………………………. 8, 13 National Level Contest ……………….

See National Equine Contests Native American or Indian ………………………………………………… 63 Neck Reining ………………………………………………………………….. 51 No Canter or Lope …………………………………………………………… 47 No Stallions ……………………………………………………………………. 61 Nominating Committee ……………………………………………….. 90, 91 Non-Greenhorse In-Hand Trail Class …………………………………. 58 Non-Greenhorse Trail In-Hand ………………………… 47, 48, 58, 101 Novice …………………….. 8, 9, 12, 20, 39, 47, 48, 49, 59, 62, 66, 73 Novice Classes ………………………………………………………………….. 6 I Ideal Standard …………………………………………………..

See Standard In-Hand ………………………………………………………………………….. 58 J Jacket Award ………………………………………………………… 13, 15, 18 Judge …………………………………… 41, 51, 54, 55, 56, 62, 72, 75, 87 Judge’s Comments …………………………… 70, 72, 73, 83, 84, 87, 88 Judging…………………………………………………….

See Horse Judging Judging Attendance Requirement ………………………………………… 8 Judging Committee ………………………………………………………….. 92 Jumping Coordinator ……………………………………………………….. 75 O Obstacle Judges……………………………………………………………….. 44 Obstacles ………………………………………… 44, 45, 47, 48, 58, 78, 79 Off Course……………………………………………………………. 45, 74, 75 Opt Out ……………………………………………………………….. 69, 71, 73 Oral Reasons …………………………………………………………………….. 8 Outstanding Leader Patch …………………………………………………. 18 Over & Under …………………………………………………………………. 31 Overview………………………………………………………………………….. 4 Oxfords ………………………………………………………………………….. 32 K Keeper Plaque …………………………………………………………………. 16 Kelly Stack Memorial Library …………………………………………….. 7 Kimberwicke …………………………………………………… 29, 37, 51, 57 L P Labor Day ………………………………………………………………………. 21 Leader Notebook……………………………………………………………….. 7 Leader Training…………………………………………………………………. 7 Leader’s Responsibility …………………………………………………….. 21 Leadership……………………………………………………………… 4, 15, 17 Learning By Doing ………………………………………………………….. 23 Leg Protection ………………………. 27, 29, 31, 33, 34, 44, 51, 54, 56 Page 2 Paddock Appointment Check…………………………………………….. 42 Participation Ribbon ………………………………………………………… 20 Pat Pehling …………………………………………………..

See Pehling, Pat Peacock Stirrups ……………………………………………………………… 25 Pehling, Pat ………………………………………………………………………. 6 Snohomish County 4-H Youth Horse Program ~ Reference Guide Revised April 2005

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