2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division ROUND 1 One-on-One Questions: 1) What is the normal respiration rate for a resting horse? A: 8-16 breaths per minute (accept anything within this range) S: 174:97 2) Name the four basic riding aids.
A: Hands, Seat (or weight), Legs, Voice (do not accept whips or spurs which are artificial aids) S: 174: 31 3) What is another name for a roached back? A: Convex back S: 175:8 4) What is the varnish-like outer layer of the hoof which helps regulate water evaporation and absorption within the hoof? A: Periople S: 175:20 5) In a gymkhana class, what is the penalty for knocking an object over? A: Five second penalty S: 179:65 6) What breed originated in the Netherlands, and must be solid black, with only minimal white markings accepted on the face? A: Friesian S: 174:69 7) Name 3 of the 6 terms that describe the way of going or stride.
A: Length, Trueness, Pace & Rapidity, Action, Spring, Balance and Rhythm S: 175:26 8) Which joint in the horse’s body is not connected to the rest of the body by any skeletal joints? A: The shoulder S: 175:17 End of One-on-One Questions 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division Toss-up Questions: 9) What gaits are required of the five-gaited American Saddlebred? A: Walk, Trot, Stepping Pace (Slow Gait), Rack and Canter S: 174:94 10) What are the five major variations of the basic coat colors? A: Gray, Pinto or Paint, Dun or Buckskin, Palomino, Roan S: 174:75 11) What do the letters ASTM stand for? A: American Society for Testing Materials S: 191R:8 12) What are the 4 basic seats or styles of riding? A: Western (stock), Hunter, Saddle Seat, Easy Gaited (Also accept Dressage) S: 174:31 13) What is the normal resting heart rate of a mature horse? A: 28-40 beats per minute (accept anything within range of 28-52 per 188:52) S: 174:95 14) What name is given to the offspring of the dam? A: Produce S: 174:145 15) The western saddle, western seat and working cow horse evolved together for what two purposes? A: Handling livestock and long distance travel S: 174:32 16) Name 4 of the 5 basic coat colors.
A: Bay; Black; Brown/Seal brown; Chestnut/Sorrel; White S: 174:75-76 17) Where is the Trakehner Horse Association located? A: Newark, Ohio (accept Ohio) S: 174:70 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division 16) What is another name for heaves? A: Pulmonary emphysema (also accept broken wind) S: 174:101 19) When using mecate-romal reins, how many fingers are allowed between the reins? A: None S: 179:24 20) What term is used to describe the standard of excellence set up by a breed association for its breed? A: Breed Standard S: 174:67 21) What is the cheapest source of basic nutrients supplied to the horse? A: Pasture and Hay (also accept roughage or water) S: 174:57 22) When riding with split reins, which side does the bight of the rein hang on? A: Same as the hand holding the reins S: 179:24 23) What are the 4-H colors? A: Green and White S: All 4-H literature 24) Define a lateral gait? A: The legs/feet on the same side of the body move as a pair or in sequence S: 174:88 End of Round 1 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division ROUND 2 One-on-One Questions: 1) A strawberry roan is a combination of white and what base color? A: Chestnut S: 174:76 2) Name two of the most common external parasites of horses.
A: Flies; Ticks; Mosquitoes S: 174:140 3) Name 2 joints found in the foreleg of the horse.
A: Shoulder, Elbow, Knee, Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin S: 175:11 4) What three terms describe muscle? A: Volume; Length; Quality S: 175:37 5) What is the common name for the third phalanx? A: Coffin bone or Pedal bone S: 175:25 6) What medication must be given to a horse that has gone into anaphylactic shock? A: Epinephrine S: 174:123 7) What term is given to an animal that consumes mainly grasses and plants? A: Herbivore S: 174:5 8) In relation to the horse’s hoof, what term is used to describe the area between the sole and the wall of the hoof? A: White line S: 174:104 End of One-on-One Questions 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division Toss-up Questions: 9) Name 3 breeds of Easy Gaited Horses.
A: Tennessee Walking Horse; Missouri Fox Trotter; Rocky Mountain Horse; Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse; Mountain Pleasure Horse; Paso Fino; Peruvian Paso S: 174:66 10) What are the 5 types of nutrients all animals need? A: Water; Energy; Protein; Vitamins; Minerals S: 174:57 11) In the showmanship class, how many points is the appearance of the animal worth? A: 30 points S: 179:15 12) Give the common name for a bacterial infection of the hair pores in the skin.
A: Rain rot S: 174:141 13) Describe the length of a stride.
A: The distance from the point of the breaking over to the point of contact on the same foot.
S: 175:27 14) Define a “vector”.
A: A carrier of disease from horse to horse such as flies or mosquitoes S: 174:122 15) What are 3 of the most common draft horses shown in the United States? A: Belgian; Percheron; Clydesdale; Shire (do not accept Suffolk) S: 175:37 16) Where is the safest place to give an injection to a horse? A: The neck S: 174:124 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division 17) List 4 ways you can tell if your horse is sick.
A: Loss of appetite; High temperature; Rapid breathing; Elevated heart rate; Droopiness; Coughing; Excessive sweating; Nasal discharge; Inflamed membranes; lameness; pawing; unnatural heat or swelling in any joints.
S: 174:95 18) What is the difference between dishing and paddling? A: Dishing – foot swings in while walking; Paddling – hoof swings outward while walking S: 174:85 19) Where is the proximal seasmoid bone located? A: At the back of the fetlock joint S: 175:11 20) At what age will a horse reach a full mouth? A: 5 years S: 174:116 21) What is the anatomical name for the bone that forms the forehead of the horse? A: Frontal bone S: 175:11 22) How many poles are used in a pole bending class? A: Six S: 179:66 23) How many obstacles should be used in a Trail In-hand class? A: Six S: 179:40 24) What are the two most common grains used in today’s horse rations? A: Corn and Oats S: 174:58 End of Round Two 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division ROUND 3
Read more about Heaves : A Bay Black Brown Seal brown Chestnut Sorrel White S….: