Hand: A hand is 4 inches.
Height is measured at the withers, the highest point on a horse’s back just before his mane starts. Height: Horses are measured from the ground to the top of the HYPERLINK “http://www.georgianindex.net/horse_and_carriage/horse-glossary.html” \l “whithers#whithers” withers in ‘hands.’ One hand is four inches.
The average horse is 15 to 16 hands. 17 hands is very tall and only unusual specimens reach 18 hands.
Some horses, especially in the West, are smaller.
Ponies are usually less than 14 hands, two inches, though the words ‘horse’ and ‘pony’ can be used in variable ways in different contexts. Hinny: The hybrid animal produced when a female ass (jennet) is crossed to an older smaller stallion. Hock: The “knee” of the hind legs. Hoof Pick: A metal or strong plastic tool with a pointed end for picking debris out of the underside of hooves. Horn: The surface of the hoof.
Horns can be pale, dark or mixed, and all colors are similar in hardness. Jack: Male of the ass species. Jennet: Female of the ass species. Jog: A slow trot, mostly in Western disciplines. Lame: A condition in which a horse does not carry weight equally on all four legs, due to disease or injury. Laminitis: Inflammation of the laminae (the inside lining of the hoof) Lead Change: The “lead” is the foreleg of the horse that is farthest in front during a canter.
A good rider can signal the horse to change his lead. Lope: A slow canter, used mostly in Western disciplines. — Pastern: The area between the hoof and fetlock joint on all four legs. Pelham Bit: A bit that includes a chain that goes under the chin.
Two sets of reins are used with this bit. Pigeon-toed: A conformational fault in which the hooves are turned in towards each other. Pinto: A HYPERLINK “http://www.georgianindex.net/horse_and_carriage/horse-descript.html” \l “colors” color of horse.
Large patches of brown or black and white.
Also called a paint, but paints are often thought of as a breed unto themselves. Points: Mane, tail, and lower legs.
Sometimes includes the muzzle. Pommel: The foremost section of a saddle that fits over the withers.
In a Western saddle, this is the “horn” which the rider can rest his hands on. Pony: A full grown horse that is 14.2 hands or under. Rack: A single-footed, extremely rapid and smooth four-beat HYPERLINK “http://www.georgianindex.net/horse_and_carriage/horse-glossary.html” \l “gait#gait” gait unique to the American Saddlebred and the National Show Horse. Ratcatcher: The riding shirt worn under the hunt coat or jacket. Rearing: A vice in which the horse stands on his hind legs with both forelegs in the air, usually to unsettle a rider or rid himself of irritating tack. Reining: A Western style of riding demonstrating tremendous agility in turning, stopping, lead changing and more. Roach: A shaved mane.
Usually found on the Three-Gaited American Saddlebred and Western horses. Roan: A HYPERLINK “http://www.georgianindex.net/horse_and_carriage/horse-descript.html” \l “colors” color of horse that has white hairs mixed with black (blue roan), bay (red roan),or chestnut (strawberry roan).
Read more about Horn: The surface of the hoof: