Horses must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up

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Ms. Menken's natural horse delights Horses-store.com Horses must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up

Sec. 4.

Artificial Appliances.

The use of artificial appliances or devices such as chains, shackles, rubber bands, blinkers (except when driving), or blindfolds is prohibited on the grounds before or during a show.

Any animal with prohibited equipment must be disqualified from further competition and forfeit all entry fees and winnings.

For definition of artificial appliances pertaining to Saddlebred Pleasure horses, please consult the current USEF Rule Book. Sec. 5.

Showing.

Classes are open only to mares and/or geldings.

Stallions are prohibited.

Horses are to be shown by an Amateur who is no longer eligible to compete as a Junior Exhibitor; or by a Junior Exhibitor.

Amateurs and Junior Exhibitors shall not compete in the same class except in championships and at shows where there are insufficient entries to fill two classes. AMATEUR CARDS will be required at all COSCA shows.

USEF Amateur Cards will be honored at all shows.

COSCA Amateur Cards will be honored only at COSCA shows that are not a USEF affiliated show. Sec. 6.

Division of Classes.

Classes may be divided according to: Sex or age of horse.

Height – 15.2 hands and under; Over 15.2 hands.

Sex or Age of rider. Sec. 7.

Appointments.

Entries must be penalized for incomplete appointments but not necessarily disqualified. English Equipment: A full bridle, pelham or curb, and English-type saddle.

For rider, informal attire with coat and hat.

Gaudy colors should be avoided.

Prohibited: A single snaffle, hackamore, martingale, or tie-down. Western Equipment: To be shown with stock saddle but silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

A side saddle shall be considered legal equipment.

Riders shall wear Western hat, long sleeved shirt and/or jacket with a collar, a necktie, kerchief or bolo tie; trousers or pants (or one-piece equitation suit is acceptable provided it includes a collar and cuffs).

Chaps, shotgun chaps or chinks, and boots are required.

A vest, coat, or sweater may be worn. PART VI.

REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED AMATEUR COUNTRY PLEASURE HORSE Judging: Manners and suitability as a pleasure mount are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Horses must be obedient with prompt transitions.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk.

Entries must be asked both ways of the ring to halt and stand quietly on the rail.

Horses must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up.

TO BE PENALIZED: Pulling, head tossing, laboring action, going sideways, and tail-switching. The Country Pleasure horse may be less showy than the Show Pleasure horse but should still be typical of the breed.

Easy ground covering action is desired.

In Western classes, a less elevated head carriage should not be penalized.

The Western horse should have more substance, especially in the quarters, be close-coupled, and have well-defined withers. Country Pleasure horses must be plain shod.

Permissible as plain shod shall be a shoe (inclusive of calks), which may be thicker at the heel and may include toe clips and side clips.

Also permissible is an eggbar shoe.

Not permissible as plain shod – bands, bars, pads of any kind, wedges, lead, springs, any attachment that extends below the bottom of the shoe, and any foreign substance not specified as permissible.

The sole and entire frog of the foot must be visible.

Any animal with prohibited shoeing must be disqualified from further competition and forfeit all entry fees and winnings.

Full mane and tail.

Braids, artificial manes, and tail switches are prohibited. USEF Rule REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED THREE-GAITED WESTERN COUNTRY PLEASURE Shown at a flat walk, jog-trot, and lope on a reasonably loose rein without undue restraint.

Ridden with one hand on reins.

Judged 75% on manners, performance, presence, and quality; 25% on conformation and neatness of attire. USEF Rule REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED THREE-GAITED ENGLISH COUNTRY PLEASURE Shown at a flat walk, trot, extended trot, and canter.

Judged 75% on manners, performance, presence, and quality; 25% on conformation and neatness of attire. USEF Rule NOTE: There will be one (1) high point award for English Country Pleasure and one (1) high point award for Western Country Pleasure.

Points will be counted from Jr.

Exhibitor and Adult Amateur classes provided both are offered at the same show, or as a combined class. REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED HUNTER COUNTRY PLEASURE To be shown at a walk, trot, extended trot, canter, and hand gallop both ways of the ring.

For safety reasons the judge may limit the number of horses to hand gallop at one time.

Horses are required to stop and back on the rail.

To be judged on manners, performance, suitability as a Hunter, quality, and conformation.

In the line, horses must stand quietly with all four legs perpendicular to the ground.

Horse shall be required to back readily in the line.

USEF Rule PART VII.

REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED THREE-GAITED AMATEUR ENGLISH SHOW PLEASURE Sec. 1.

Judging.

The Show Pleasure horse generally has less animation than the Three-Gaited and Five-Gaited horse, but should be alert and responsive.

High, natural, free-moving action is desirable.

Manners and suitability as a pleasure mount are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Light contact with the horse’s mouth must be maintained.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk.

TO BE PENALIZED: Laboring action; pulling, tossing of head; going sideways, and tail-switching.

Shown at a flat walk, trot, and canter.

Entries must stand quietly and back readily in the line up.

Judged 75% on manners and performance; 25% on conformation and neatness of attire. Sec. 2.

General.

Braids and inconspicuously applied hair in mane and tail are permitted.

Shoe bands and pads are permitted.

USEF Rule Sec. 3.

COSCA Award.

There will be one (1) high point award for Show Pleasure horses.

Points will be counted from Jr.

Exhibitor and Adult Amateur classes provided both are offered at the same show, or as a combined class.

COSCA Rule REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED THREE-GAITED ENGLISH SHOW PLEASURE The Show Pleasure horse generally has less animation than the Three-Gaited and Five-Gaited horse, but should be alert and responsive.

High, natural, free-moving action is desirable.

Manners and suitability as a pleasure mount are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Light contact with the horse’s mouth must be maintained.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk.

TO BE PENALIZED: Laboring action; pulling, tossing of head; going sideways, and tail-switching.

Shown at a flat walk, trot, and canter.

Entries must stand quietly and back readily in the line up.

Judged 75% on manners, performance, presence, and quality; 25% on conformation and neatness of attire. Braids and inconspicuously applied hair in mane and tail are permitted.

Shoe bands and pads are permitted.

USEF Rule PART VIII.

REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED THREE-GAITED PARK – Full Mane & Tail Sec. 1.

Description and Eligibility.

The Saddlebred Park Horse should be stylish with finish and quality and well-mannered.

High action is not required but the performance should be animated and graceful in all gaits. Sec. 2.

This section is open to Equitation horses being considered for future transition to the Performance or Pleasure Sections and prospects being schooled by professionals.

Horses shown in any class of this division are ineligible to show in the Saddlebred Performance Division (ie Three-Gaited, Five-Gaited, and Fine Harness) or the Saddlebred Pleasure Driving at the same show except they may show in In-Hand or Model Classes. Sec. 3.

In Park Pleasure Three-Gaited classes entries must be shown with a full mane and tail.

Tails must not be gingered or put in any device which alters their carriage while on the grounds, before and during the show, as well as in preparation for the show entered.

The fact that a horse’s tail has once been set does not exclude participation.

The use of artificial appliances or devices such as chains, shackles, rubber bands, blinkers (except when driving), or blindfolds is prohibited on the grounds before or during the show.

Any animal with prohibited equipment must be disqualified from further competition and forfeit all entry fees and winnings. Sec. 4.

To be shown with a full mane and tail at an animated or flat walk, trot, and canter.

To be judged on performance, manners, presence, quality, and conformation.

USEF Rule REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED THREE-GAITED PARK – Full Mane & Tail The Saddlebred Park Horse should be stylish with finish and quality and well-mannered.

High action is not required but the performance should be animated and graceful in all gaits. To be shown with a full mane and tail at an animated or flat walk, trot, and canter.

To be judged on performance, manners, presence, quality, and conformation. USEF Rule PART IX.

REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED PLEASURE HORSE, Amateur – Owner – Trainer to Ride (AOTR) – English Equipment Sec. 1.

Judging.

The AOTR Pleasure horse should be a typical Saddlebred with quality, style, presence, and suitable conformation; prompt, comfortable gaits; giving the distinct impression it is an agreeable mount to ride.

Manners and suitability as a pleasure mount are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Light contact with the horse’s mouth must be maintained.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk, TO BE PENALIZED: Laboring action; pulling, tossing of head; going sideways, and tail-switching. Shown at a flat walk, trot, and canter.

Entries must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up.

Judged 75% on manners and performance; 25% on conformation and neatness of attire. Sec. 2.

Eligibility.

Open to horses that have NOT had any professional training since January 1st of the current show year, and must be ridden by the horse’s Amateur owner or an Amateur member of the owner’s family.

Open to Country Pleasure, and Show Pleasure Horses.

COSCA Amateur Cards will be accepted in lieu of USEF Amateur Cards – for this class ONLY. Sec. 3.

Horses shown by a professional in any class (any division) are ineligible to compete in Saddlebred Pleasure Horse AOTR classes at the same show except Saddlebred Pleasure In-Hand and Model Classes. Sec. 4.

COSCA Award.

There will be one (1) high point award for AOTR Pleasure horses.

Separate classes for Country Pleasure, AOTR and Show Pleasure, AOTR may be offered and points will be counted from both, provided both are offered at the same show.

COSCA Rule Sec. 5.

Appointments.

Open to Saddle Seat.

Appropriate attire for the respective seat. REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED PLEASURE HORSE, Amateur – Owner – Trainer to Ride (AOTR) – English Equipment The AOTR Pleasure horse should be a typical Saddlebred with quality, style, presence, and suitable conformation; prompt, comfortable gaits; giving the distinct impression it is an agreeable mount to ride.

Manners and suitability as a pleasure mount are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Light contact with the horse’s mouth must be maintained.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk.

TO BE PENALIZED: Laboring action; pulling, tossing of head; going sideways, and tail-switching. Shown at a flat walk, trot, and canter.

Horses must be asked to halt and stand quietly on the rail.

Entries must stand quietly and back readily in the line up.

Judged 75% on manners and performance; 25% on conformation and neatness of attire. COSCA Rule PART X.

PERFORMANCE – REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED AMATEUR PLEASURE DRIVING – Show Pleasure/Country Pleasure Sec. 1.

Judging.

Manners and suitability as a pleasure driving horse are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Light contact with the horse’s mouth must be maintained.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk.

Shown at a flat walk, trot, and extended trot; speed to be penalized.

Horses may be asked to back.

Judged 75% on manners, quality, performance, and presence; 25% on total conformation and neatness of attire. Sec. 2.

Appointments.

Entries to be shown to a two-wheeled jog cart with driver only.

Light show harness, blinkers, overcheck with separate overcheck bit or sidecheck (separate sidecheck bit is optional) and snaffle bit (straight or jointed).

Driver to dress conservatively (not period attire). Sec. 3.

Eligibility.

Open to both Show Pleasure and Country Pleasure horses. Sec. 4.

Headers.

One attendant without whip is permitted to head each horse for safety purposes only during the line-up.

The header must stand three paces back from the horse. Sec. 5.

COSCA Award.

There will be one (1) high point award for Pleasure Driving Horses.

Separate classes for Country Pleasure Driving and Show Pleasure Driving may be offered.

Points will be counted from both, provided both are offered at the same show.

COSCA Rule REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED PLEASURE DRIVING – Show Pleasure/Country Pleasure (Open to both Show Pleasure and Country Pleasure horses.) Manners and suitability as a pleasure driving horse are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Light contact with the horse’s mouth must be maintained.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk.

Shown at a flat walk, trot, and extended trot; speed to be penalized.

Horses may be asked to back.

Judged 75% on manners, quality, performance, and presence; 25% on total conformation and neatness of attire. One attendant without whip is permitted to head each horse for safety purposes only during the line-up.

The header must stand three paces back from the horse. COSCA Rule Part XI.

Reg.

American Saddlebred Five-Gaited Horse Sec. 1 Judging.

The five-gaited Saddlebred should possess beauty, brilliance, elegance, and refinement, but its energy should be directed toward speed in an animated form.

Entries to be shown with a full mane and tail.

Open classes judged on performance, quality and manners.

Ladies’, Amateur, and Jr.

Exhibitor classes judged on manners, performance, and quality. To be shown at an Animated walk, trot, slow gait, rack, and canter. Sec. 2.

Appointments.

A double bridle consisting of snaffle and curb bits is preferred, and must suit the horse.

No horse shall be shown with a snaffle bit only, breast plate, tie down, or martingale.

The saddle should be flat, English type with leather or web girth.

Informal dress for riders is required in morning and afternoon classes.

Dark colored habit (with collars and lapels of same color) and accessories are appropriate for evening.

Gaudy colors should be avoided. Sec. 3.

COSCA Award.

There will be one (1) high point award for Five-Gaited Horses.

Points will be counted from Open, Ladies’, Gentlemen’s, Amateur, and Jr.

Exhibitor classes (classes may be divided according to sex of horse.

Stallions are prohibited in Ladies’ and Jr.

Exhibitor classes.) REG.

AMERICAN SADDLEBRED FIVE-GAITED HORSE The five-gaited Saddlebred should possess beauty, brilliance, elegance, and refinement, but its energy should be directed toward speed in an animated form.

Entries to be shown with a full mane and tail.

Open classes judged on performance, quality and manners.

Ladies’, Amateur, and Jr.

Exhibitor classes judged on manners, performance, and quality. To be shown at an animated walk, trot, slow gait, rack, and canter. USEF rule PLEASE NOTE: These rules have been taken from the current USEF Rule Book (except the so indicated COSCA Rules).

They have been condensed to include only those rules applicable to the Saddlebred Point Classes in COSCA.

For complete Saddlebred rules, please consult your USEF Rule Book. — APPALOOSA TYPE AND CONFORMATION: “The Appaloosa is an equine breed with a color preference.” The Appaloosa has a bold and colorful heritage, originating some 20,000 years ago.

His appearance and unique qualities earned him special recognition in the drawings of cave dwellers, and worship in ancient Asia and made him a prized mount of Spanish explorers, Indians, and western settlers.

Today, the Appaloosa’s color, versatility, willing temperament, and athletic ability make him a popular choice for a number of activities. One of the exciting aspects of the Appaloosa is his talent for offering enormous range of coat color and pattern combinations.

They also have other distinctive characteristics.

The four (4) identifiable characteristics are: coat pattern, mottled skin, white sclera, and striped hooves. A mature Appaloosa (6 years old and older – age computed as of January 1st) must stand not less than 14 hands unshod (hand being 4 inches).

There is no maximum height.

Height and weight should be proportional. SUGGESTIONS TO SHOW COMMITTEE: Try to offer at least two (2) Appaloosa classes and space them to give exhibitors sufficient time.

Schedule the Pleasure classes prior to the Open Indian Performance – S/M/G Class in a show.

A minimum of five (5) classes should be allowed between the Pleasure Class and the Open Indian Performance – S/M/G Class.

If English Pleasure is in the program, it must be on the same day as (and preferably before) the Western Pleasure Class. HALTER CLASSES: Equipment: Horses to be shown in a halter only.

All tack shall be neat, clean, and well cared for.

Unsecured keepers may be used as long as at least two links of chain remain outside of halter before attachment of keeper or leather part of lead shank.

Violation of this minimum restriction shall result in disqualification from the class at the discretion of the judge(s).

As well, a horse whose mouth is found to be bloody shall be disqualified at the judge’s discretion.

The use of whips or bats of any type shall not be permitted. Attire: In halter, it is mandatory to wear appropriate western attire, which includes long-sleeved shirt, western hat, cowboy boots, and pants (slacks, jeans, trousers, etc.).

No skirts or dresses.

Chaps and spurs are prohibited. Class Conduct: Horses shall enter ring and be lined up at the discretion of the judge.

Entries shall be judged individually standing, and also at a walk and trot on the line.

Horses should stand squarely and naturally and are not to be stretched.

Exhibitors shall not be penalized for touching or moving a horse’s leg with their hands.

Horses must be handled and shown by one (1) person only.

Unruly or ill-mannered horses may be excused from the ring.

Emphasis shall be placed on type, conformation, action, substance, quality, and manners.

Transmissible weakness and/or conditions as follows shall be counted strongly against animals, such as impaired vision, parrot mouth, ringbone, spavin, thoroughpins, curb and bowed tendons.

Horses entered in all events must be serviceably sound and in good condition.

Small blemishes on account of accident, for example, wire cuts and brands, are not to be counted against the horse.

If a horse falls or an exhibitor needs assistance with a loose horse, they will not be disqualified from the class. REGISTERED APPALOOSA HALTER HORSE – All Ages – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Entries shall be judged individually standing, and also at a walk and trot on the line.

Horses shall be led directly to and away from the judge.

Additionally, the judge shall inspect the trot from a direct side angle.

Horses will be lined up head to tail for individual inspetion by the judge.

The judge shall inspect each horse from the front, rear, and both sides.

Horses should stand squarely and naturally and are not to be stretched.

Exhibitors shall not be punished for touching or moving a horse’s leg with their hands.

Unruly or ill-mannered horses may be excused from the ring.

Emphasis shall be placed on type, conformation, action, substance, quality, and manners.

Horses must be serviceably sound and in good condition.

Small blemishes on account of accident, for example, wire cuts and brands, are not to be counted against the horse.

ApHC Rule YEAR-END HIGH POINT AWARDS: Classes at COSCA shows may be combined, split by sex or split by sex and age.

COSCA point classes shall be split such that horses may not cross enter.

Points from these classes will be combined for one (1) year-end high point award. ENGLISH PERFORMANCE Equipment: In all English classes, an English snaffle (no shank – conventional O-ring, egg-butt, D-ring or full cheek snaffle with bit keepers), kimberwick, pelham and/or a double bridle consisting of two (2) bits – a curb weymouth and a snaffle or bradoon (all with two [2] reins, no conversion strap) all with cavesson nosebands and plain leather browbands must be used.

The inside circumference of the ring shall be no smaller than 2” and no larger than 4”. In reference to mouthpieces, nothing may protrude below the mouthpiece (bar) such as extensions or prongs.

Mouthpieces may be two (2) or three (3) pieces. On broken mouthpieces only, connecting rings of 1 1/4” or less in diameter or a connecting flat bar 3/8” to 3/4” (measured top to bottom with a maximum length of 2”) which lie flat in the horse’s mouth are acceptable.

All mouthpieces must be a minimum of 5/16” in diameter with snaffles to be measured 1” in from the cheek with a gradual decrease to the center of the snaffle.

Mouthpiece may be inlaid, but smooth or latex wrapped.

Smooth, round, oval or egg-shaped, slow twist, corkscrew, single twisted wire, double twisted wire mouthpieces and straight bar or solid mouthpieces with maximum port no higher than 1 1/2” are allowed. When a curb bit is used, a curb strap or curb chain is required, but must meet the approval of the judge, be at least 1/2” in width and lie flat against the jaw of the horse. Bits of any style (pelham, snaffle, kimberwick) featuring cathedral, fishback, or donut mouthpieces; prongs, edges, or rough sharp material shall be cause for elimination.

Mechanically altered bits are illegal and shall be cause for disqualification. A bit cannot be physically or mechanically altered to increase the severity of its use and may be eliminated at the discretion of the judge.

Spring loaded bits are approved as long as they meet all bit specifications. A dropped noseband is prohibited in all English classes except jumping.

A dropped noseband shall be interpreted as a cavesson and/or noseband which is fastened below the bit or mouthpiece. An exhibitor may be required by the judge to remove or alter any piece of equipment which, in his/her opinion, would tend to give a horse or exhibitor an unfair advantage. Saddles must be heavy, plain, leather skirted (of hunt seat type) or forward (of hunt seat type) may have suede seat and/or suede inset or skirt and either leather or cloth lining.

Either, leather, web, cord, neoprene or linen girths are permitted. Saddle pads should fit size and shape of saddle, except when necessary to accommodate numbers on both sides for which a square pad or suitable attachment may be used.

Saddle pads and attachments shall be white or natural color without ornament. Optional Equipment: — An accurate gauge shall be used to measure any shoe and/or pad.

Measurement of hoof length shall be made in accordance with USEF guidelines (see GR510). In all performance and breeding/in-hand classes, an exhibitor is entitled to only one time-out per class. Any action(s) against a horse by an exhibitor, which are deemed excessive by a judge, steward, or show veterinarian, in the show ring or anywhere on the competition grounds may be punished by official warning, elimination, or other sanctions which may be deemed appropriate by the show committee.

Such action(s) could include, but are not limited to excessive use of whip, spurs, or bamboo poles. Judge must eliminate from judging consideration any horse who shows aggression or discontent toward its handler, rider, or any person in the ring. Horses showing signs of undue stress or inhumane treatment must be penalized.

The exhibition of a horse that has a cut or abrasion showing clear evidence of fresh blood in the mouth, nose, chin, shoulder, barrel, flank, or hip area must be considered to be ineligible to receive an award in that respective class. Judge(s) must excuse from the ring any horse that possesses a whip mark (welt) on any portion of the horse.

A whip mark or welt is an inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue resulting in a swelling and in extreme cases is an abrasion or laceration.

The cardinal signs of inflammation include heat, pain (sensitivity to palpation), and swelling.

The judge(s)’ finding of fact with respect to the presence or absence of a whip mark (welt) evident during a class shall be final and no appeal may be taken thereon.

The judge(s) shall make written findings of fact, which shall be delivered to the steward with respect to any horse excused under this rule. PERFORMANCE CLASSES Except in Roadster, Stock, Trail, Western Riding, Working Cow Horse, Hackamore, Gymkhana, Jumper, and Hunter classes, all horses shall be worked at all gaits both directions of the ring and otherwise as described by class specifications, and will be asked to reverse direction at either the walk, jog trot, or normal trot.

Judges are required to consider the performance at each gait equally in adjudicating performance classes.

At judge’s discretion, horses shall change from any gait to any other gait as listed in class specifications. Workouts will be judged as a separate class and horses must be tied for placings being considered in that workout.

Workouts may be called for by the judge for any or all placings.

All horses chosen for a workout must be worked both ways of the ring at any gait listed in class specifications and requested by the judge. Horses must come to the line up at the gait requested.

In the line up, horses must stand quietly and may be asked to back individually or as a group.

Horses not to stretch in the line up. Sidesaddles permitted for ladies in all sections of the Arabian Division; appointments to be appropriate for the seat ridden. COUNTRY ENGLISH PLEASURE CLASSES General. 1.competitors enter the ring in a counter-clockwise direction, at the normal trot. 2.

Light contact must be maintained with all reins at all gaits.

A judge may not request that gaits be performed only on the snaffle or curb. 3.

Judge(s) are required to consider the performance at each gait equally in adjudicating this class. 4.

Cross entries are prohibited between the Arabian Country English Pleasure section and the Arabian English Pleasure and Pleasure Driving sections and/or informal Combination classes at the same show. Appointments. 1.

Bridle shall be light, show type, either single snaffle, single curb, curb and snaffle, or Pelham bit.

No martingales or tie-downs. 2.

English-type saddle.

No forward seat saddles allowed.

Girth either leather, web, string or suitable material. 3.

Informal saddle seat attire is required; no hunt attire.

Suggested are conservative colors such as black, blue, grey, beige or brown jacket with matching jodhpurs.

Day coat with jodhpurs also permitted.

Boots and derby, soft hat or protective headgear required.

Protective headgear may be worn without penalty.

Contrasting hats, vests and/or ties are acceptable. 4.

Spurs, whip or crop optional, at the exhibitor’s discretion. Qualifying Gaits.

It is imperative that the horse gives the distinct appearance of being a pleasure to ride.

A quiet responsive mouth is paramount.

All gaits must be performed with willingness and obvious ease, cadence, balance and smoothness. 1.

Walk, a four-beat gait: To be true, flat-footed and ground covering. — REG.

HALF-ARABIAN/ANGLO-ARABIAN WESTERN PLEASURE HORSES – Mares, & Geldings To be shown at a walk, jog-trot, lope, and hand gallop.

Extreme speed to be penalized.

To be judged on manners, performance, substance, quality, and conformation USEF Rule NOTE: The above two classes may be combined or split but points will revert to the Reg.

Arabian & Half-Arabian/Anglo-Arabian Western Pleasure Horses – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings class for one (1) year-end high point award. MOUNTED NATIVE COSTUME CLASSES General. Rider must have complete control of horse at all times. Competitors enter the ring in a counterclockwise direction at the canter. 3.

Judge(s) are required to consider all gaits equally in adjudicating this class. 4.

It is suggested that horses line up head-to-tail the length of ring. Appointments. 1.

Bridle may consist of bit, hackamore or other suitable headstall.

Safety is of the utmost importance in tack and attire.

Decorations in keeping with colorful desert regalia shall be added to equipment. 2.

No martingales or tie downs permitted. 3.

Attire shall consist of native (Bedouin) type costume including flowing cape or coat, pantaloons, head dress, scarf or sash.

No object may be carried in either or both hands other than reins, a portion of an aba, and/or a riding crop or whip.

Protective headgear may be worn without penalty. 4.

Spurs, whip or crop optional, at the exhibitor’s discretion. Qualifying Gaits. Extreme or reckless speed to be penalized.

It is imperative that the horse give the distinct appearance of being a pleasure to ride and display a pleasurable attitude.

To this end, all gaits must be performed with willingness and obvious ease, cadence, balance, and smoothness. 1.

Walk, a four-beat gait: Brisk, true, and flat-footed with good reach. 2.

Canter, a three-beat gait: Smooth, unhurried, with moderate collection, correct and straight on both leads. 3.

Hand Gallop: The hand gallop is performed with long, free, ground covering stride under control.

The amount of ground covered may vary between horses due to the difference in natural length of stride.

The hand gallop is not a fast collected canter but a true lengthening of stride, correct and straight on both leads.

Extreme speed to be penalized.

There shall be a distinct difference between the canter and the hand gallop. REG.

ARABIAN MOUNTED NATIVE COSTUME – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings To be shown at a walk, canter, and hand gallop.

Extreme speed or reckless speed to be penalized.

Horses shall stand quietly and back readily.

To be judged 75% on performance and manners; 25% on appointments.

USEF Rule REG.

HALF-ARABIAN/ANGLO-ARABIAN MOUNTED NATIVE COSTUME – Mares & Geldings To be shown at a walk, canter, and hand gallop.

Extreme speed or reckless speed to be penalized.

Horses shall stand quietly and back readily.

To be judged 75% on performance and manners; 25% on appointments.

USEF Rule NOTE: The above two classes may be combined or split but points will revert to the Reg.

Arabian & Half-Arabian/Anglo-Arabian Mounted Native Costume – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings class for one (1) year-end high point award REG.

ARABIAN BREEDING AND GELDING IN-HAND CLASSES Breeding classes are restricted to stallions and mares.

In-Hand classes are restricted to geldings.

When combined the above wording is appropriate. Classes may be split as to age or sex. 1.

Horses must be serviceably sound – ie, horse must not show evidence of lameness, broken wind or complete loss of sight in either eye.

Transmissible weaknesses shall be considered a serious fault in breeding stock.

Colts and stallions two (2) years old and over must have both testicles descended.

A wry tail or one carried in an unnatural fashion is a breeding fault, and judges must consider it as a fault in adjudicating breeding and in-hand classes. 2.

In-Hand classes for geldings may be offered.

To be shown and judged under the same provisions as the breeding horse. 3.

A suitable headstall equipped with throatlatch is mandatory.

Horses shown braided must be shown in Hunter, Show Hack, or Dressage appointments or in a leather stable halter.

A whip or crop is optional, at the discretion of the handler.

One (1) whip or crop per handler allowed, however, whips are not mandatory and handlers are allowed to use items such as grass, hat, or treats to maintain horse’s attention.

Whips are to be no longer than 6’ including snapper or lash.

Small appendages (no more than 12 inches in length) are permitted on the end of the whip (eg, plastic or paper bag, ribbons, etc.) Conduct and Specifications. The following procedures shall be followed in all breeding classes, including Gelding In-Hand classes: Horses shall enter the arena in-hand at a relaxed walk (a four-beat flat-footed gait), guiding in a counter-clockwise direction.

Each horse shall clear the gate at a walk before striking the trot.

Failure to completely clear the gate at a walk shall require the horse to re-enter at the proper walk.

The horse shall then strike a trot until reaching its designated position in line, as directed by the ringmaster, judge(s). Horse shall then be asked to walk counter-clockwise and/or clockwise at the discretion of the judge(s), in a relaxed manner on a loose lead with the handler at the side of their horse, whips down.

The leadline must maintain a clearly discernible drape, ie, the handler must not place their hand on the chain or close enough to in any way restrict natural head and neck motion.

Also, the handler may not unnecessarily impede the forward motion of the horse while at the walk. All horses to walk on the rail [or area designated by the judge(s)] at each direction past each (and all) judge(s). Handlers are expected to keep a reasonable clearance between horses and judges should modify the alignment of horses to achieve that clearance.

Further judging will not commence until the Call Judge approves the placement and spacing of all horses. Following the cessation of the walk, horses shall be presented to the judge(s) individually in accordance with the order of go.

Horses shall be led individually to the judge(s) at the walk and presented for judging.

In order to satisfy a proper presentation to the judge(s), horses should stand correctly, bearing weight on all four feet (not stretched), in a quiet and deliberate manner.

Following valuation by the judge(s), horses shall walk and trot away from the judge(s) at the judge(s) direction and resume their place in the line. The horses “on deck” and the two next horses shall be the only horses allowed to prepare of those horses in the line, this to include controlled shanking for the purpose only of positioning the horse for presentation to the judge(s).

Any further shanking shall be limited to that reactive to an unruly horse in order to regain control of that horse. **Competitions may also choose to use the USEF/AHA class procedures as stated in the 2008 USEF Rule Book – AR107. There can be NO contact of the whip to the horse.

ANY contact shall result in elimination by the judge. A horse that appears to be intimidated by their handler, will be penalized.

This may include, but is not limited to, crouching, cowering, quivering, withdrawing, and buckling their knees.

Judge(s) may excuse any entry deemed in violation of any of these restrictions. Final comparative judging requested by the judge(s) shall be entirely at their discretion however, under all the aforementioned guidelines. A horse must be handled and shown throughout an entire class by only one and the same person, except that a substitute handler may be used if, during a class, the original handler becomes ill or is injured.

Time allowed for the change of handler shall be in accordance with General Rules (See Time Out Rule page 30).

No handler may show more than one horse per class. Colt/Stallion, Filly/Mare Breeding Classes.

Emphasis shall be placed in the following order of importance: type, conformation, suitability as a breeding animal, quality, movement, substance, manners, and presence.

When Colts/Stallions and Geldings are judged together, the above class specifications will be used except that Geldings shall not be judged on suitability as a breeding animal. Gelding In-Hand Classes.

Emphasis shall be placed in the following order of importance: conformation, type, quality, movement, substance, manners, and presence. Transmissible weakness shall be considered a serious breeding fault in breeding stock.

Colts/Stallions two (2) years old and over must have both testicles descended. In-Hand horses are not to be stretched.

A horse is considered stretched if all four feet are flat on the ground and at least one front and one rear cannon bone is perpendicular to the ground. Excessive use of the whip or actions that may disturb other entries shall be severely penalized. Additional causes for mandatory elimination from the arena are: a.

Removal of eyelashes. b.

Changing the natural color of the mane and/or tail. — Tack should be specific to the breed’s showing standard.

All tack should be neat, clean, and fit the horse properly. Paso Fino, American Saddlebred, Mountain Horse and Tennessee Walking Horse COSCA Division equipment rules apply first for this division.

All other breeds are prohibited from using equipment that restricts or artificially enhances the natural movement of the horses.

Severe bits must be penalized.

Shanks over 9” are prohibited. Horses may be braided as indicated by its breed standards. All exhibitors will wear show attire appropriate to their breed and chosen style of tack.

All riding attire shall be neat and properly fitted. Exhibitors whose breed associations allow saddles other than cutback English or traditional Western for showing, may use their breed accepted tack and the coordinating rider attire.

Otherwise, English attire must accompany English tack and Western attire must accompany Western tack. Riders must wear boots, pants, long-sleeved shirt with or without vest, riding coat or jacket.

Hats are preferred, but not required.

Helmets may be worn and the exhibitor must not be penalized for so doing.

Hair must not obstruct back number. JUDGING PROCEDURE: The Pleasure classes in this division are judged on entries’ ability to perform and maintain a properly executed gait.

Entries should present an overall picture of an ideal pleasure gaited horse.

Horses with bad manners or showing signs of resistance may be eliminated from consideration for an award. Each entry will be judged on quality of gait as it conforms to the standard for its breed, and should represent an overall picture of an ideal pleasure gaited horse.

Natural animation, if included in the breed’s gait standard, is acceptable, but shall not be rewarded over correctness of gait. All horses shall enter the ring at the slow gait (as defined above) shall go to the right and shall continue at the slow gait until the class is closed.

As the horses enter the ring, the judge(s) must observe their way of going, and if he/she finds that an entry deviates from the standards, he/she must excuse the entry immediately.

The judge(s) shall then call for the performance gaits in the following order: slow gait, pleasure gait, slow gait, halt (must be called on the rail), reverse.

For canter classes, the order shall be: slow gait, pleasure gait, walk, halt (must be called on the rail), reverse.

There should be a distinct change in speed from the show gait to the pleasure gait.

For canter classes, the order shall be: slow gait, pleasure gait, walk, canter, walk, reverse.

Horses shall be worked both ways of the ring at all the required gaits sufficiently for all horses to have performed before each officiating judge(s).

Any class, pleasure or equitation, may require the horse to rein back on the rail or in the line up. The walk is a slow even four beat walk showing relaxation and acceptance of the bit.

The horse may walk on a loose rein or show more collection according to breed standard.

At the walk, the horse is calm and relaxed on a collected or loose rein according to breed standards. Workouts may be called for by judge(s) to resolve a tie for position and must only include the horses involved in the tie.

All workouts must be executed both ways of the ring. Model (Conformation) Class will be judged to the following general Light Horse Type and Conformation.

In general the ideal light horse should have a neat head, well shaped ears, large eyes, and a tapering muzzle.

There should be clear definition at the throatlatch and no indication of coarseness.

Nostrils should be wide and open.

The jaw should be well defined.

The neck should be of a length proportionate to the remainder of the body and should not be heavy/common.

Backs should tend towards the short with good coupling at the loins and should give the impression of strength in conformation.

The chest should be of adequate width to allow for ample lung capacity.

The body should be deep in the girth and well ribbed.

Croups should generally exhibit a gentle slope while the hips should be well muscled with the muscle extending down the leg towards the hocks.

Legs should be flat and cordy and should be well situated on the corners of the horse.

The horse’s feet should be of a size sufficient to support the bulk of the body. OPEN EASY GAITED MODEL (Conformation) – Stallions, Mares, Geldings Entries may be shown in a bridle or halter.

To be led into the ring, and parked (based on breed standard) for judging.

Conformation and conditioning are paramount.

Horses must stand quietly.

Unruly entries shall be dismissed from the ring.

Unsoundness and/or transmittable faults or weaknesses must be penalized strongly in final judging.

A whip not to exceed four (4) feet may be used when presenting in English tack and attire.

English or Western tack and attire are permitted in this class. The model horse is a “picture” of the breed.

Way of going is not considered.

Manners are perfect.

Model classes are evaluated on type, conformation, substance, quality and turnout OPEN EASY GAITED PLEASURE (NO CANTER) – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings All horses shall enter the ring at the slow gait, shall go to the right and shall continue at the slow gait until the class is closed.

As the horses enter the ring, the judge(s) must observe their way of going, and if he/she finds that an entry deviates from the standards, he/she must excuse the entry immediately.

The judge(s) shall then call for the performance gaits in the following order: slow gait, pleasure gait, walk, halt (must be called on the rail), reverse.

Horses shall be worked both ways of the ring at all the required gaits sufficiently for all horses to have performed before each officiating judge(s).

Any class, pleasure or equitation, may require the horse to rein back on the rail or in the line up. Workouts may be called for by judge(s) to resolve a tie for position and must only include the horses involved in the tie.

All workouts must be executed both ways of the ring. 1.

Horses will be shown at the slow gait, pleasure gait and walk.

All horses shall be lined up for inspection and must stand quietly and back readily. 2.

To be ridden by amateurs or professionals. 3.

All breed accepted tack and coordinating rider attire allowed.

Reins may be held in one hand or two for western tack and is dependent on breed standard.

For example, Tennessee Walking, Spotted Saddle, and Rocky Mountain exhibitors must hold reins in one hand, where Racking, Mountain Pleasure, and Missouri Fox Trotter exhibitors may hold western reins in two hands. 4.

The horse should display the manners, quality, and suitability of the true and easy riding pleasure of trail and road quality with a relaxed way of going.

The horse must display a willing and alert attitude. 5.

The Easy Gait Pleasure horse shall be judged accordingly; 25% on the four beat slow gait, 25% on the four beat pleasure gait, 20% on the walk, 15% on the halt and 15% on manners COSCA Rule OPEN EASY GAITED EQUITATION/HORSEMANSHIP (NO CANTER)– Stallions, Mares, & Geldings All horses shall enter the ring at the slow gait, shall go to the right and shall continue at the slow gait until the class is closed.

As the horses enter the ring, the judge(s) must observe their way of going, and if he/she finds that an entry deviates from the standards, he/she must excuse the entry immediately.

The judge(s) shall then call for the performance gaits in the following order: slow gait, pleasure gait, walk, halt (must be called on the rail), reverse.

Horses shall be worked both ways of the ring at all the required gaits sufficiently for all horses to have performed before each officiating judge(s).

Any class, pleasure or equitation, may require the horse to rein back on the rail or in the line up. Workouts may be called for by judge(s) to resolve a tie for position and must only include the horses involved in the tie.

All workouts must be executed both ways of the ring. 1.

In equitation/horsemanship classes only the rider is being judged, therefore any horse that is suitable for a particular style of riding and is capable of performing the required class routine is acceptable.

Horses will be shown at the slow gait, pleasure gait and walk.

Horses and riders shall be lined up for inspection and must stand quietly and back readily. 2.

All breed accepted tack and coordinating rider attire allowed.

Reins may be held in one hand or two for western tack and is dependent on breed standard.

For example, Tennessee Walking, Spotted Saddle, and Rocky Mountain exhibitors must hold reins in one hand, where Racking, Mountain Pleasure, and Missouri Fox Trotter exhibitors may hold western reins in two hands. 3.

Saddle must fit rider. 4.

All movements of the horse should be governed by the use of imperceptible aids.

Exaggerated shifting of the rider’s weight is not desirable. 5.

Results as shown by performance of the horse are not to be considered more important than the method used in obtaining them. 6.

Generally accepted standards for hand and body position while riding Saddle Seat or Western (split rein or romal) apply.

Refer to the USEF Equitation rules.

See below** 1.

General.

Judges should note that the required Equitation Seat should in no way be exaggerated but be thoroughly efficient and most comfortable for riding the type of horse called for at any gait and for any length of time.

In Saddle Seat Equitation classes, riders should convey impression of effective and easy control.

To show a horse well, he should show himself to the best advantage.

Ring generalship must be taken into consideration by the judges.

A complete picture of the whole is of major importance.

An exhibitor is entitled to request only one time-out per class. (See GR833).

A judge must order from the ring any unruly horse or one whose actions threaten to endanger the rider, other exhibitors, or their entries. 2.

Hands.

Hands should be held in an easy position, neither perpendicular nor horizontal to the saddle and should show sympathy, adaptability and control.

The height the hands are held above the horse’s withers is a matter of how and where the horse carries his head.

The method of holding the reins is optional however both hands must be used and all reins must be picked up at one time.

Bight of rein should be on the off side. 3.

Basic Position.

To obtain proper position, rider should place himself comfortably in the saddle and find his center of gravity by sitting with a slight bend at the knees but without use of irons.

While in this position adjust leathers to fit.

Irons should be placed under ball of foot (not toe nor “home”) with even pressure on entire width of sole and center of iron.

Foot position should be natural (neither extremely in nor out). 4.

Position in Motion. — Trot: slight elevation in saddle posting; hips under body not mechanical up-and-down norswinging forward and backward. Canter: close seat, going with horse. Slow Gait: steady in saddle, no slap nor twist; legs straight down, intermittent calf pressure permissible; hands slightly raised, flexible contact, no sawing. Rack: seat smooth in saddle; legs down and slightly back, not thrust forward; hands low in motion with gait, not sawing but placement optional to individual rider and horse. 7.

To be judged 25% seat, 25% hands, 25% feet, and 25% grooming of the horse and neatness of the rider.

COSCA Rule OPEN EASY GAITED PLEASURE (CANTER) – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings All horses shall enter the ring at the slow gait, shall go to the right and shall continue at the slow gait until the class is closed.

As the horses enter the ring, the judge(s) must observe their way of going, and if he/she finds that an entry deviates from the standards, he/she must excuse the entry immediately.

The judge(s) shall then call for the performance gaits in the following order: slow gait, pleasure gait, walk, canter, walk and reverse.

Horses shall be worked both ways of the ring at all the required gaits sufficiently for all horses to have performed before each officiating judge(s).

Any class, pleasure or equitation, may require the horse to rein back on the rail or in the line up. Workouts may be called for by judge(s) to resolve a tie for position and must only include the horses involved in the tie.

All workouts must be executed both ways of the ring. 1.

Horses will be shown at the slow gait, pleasure gait, walk and canter.

All horses shall be lined up for inspection and must stand quietly and back readily. 2.

To be ridden by amateurs or professionals. 3.

All breed accepted tack and coordinating rider attire allowed.

Reins may be held in one hand or two for western tack and is dependent on breed standard.

For example, Tennessee Walking, Spotted Saddle, and Rocky Mountain exhibitors must hold reins in one hand, where Racking, Mountain Pleasure, and Missouri Fox Trotter exhibitors may hold western reins in two hands. 4.

The horse should display the manners, quality, and suitability of the true and easy riding pleasure of trail and road quality with a relaxed way of going.

The horse must display a willing and alert attitude. 5.

The Easy Gait Pleasure horse shall be judged accordingly: 20% on the slow gait, 20% on the pleasure gait, 20% on the walk, 20% on the canter, 10% on manners, and 10% on conformation. COSCA Rule EASY GAITED PLEASURE (NO CANTER) – 17 Yrs. & Under – Mares & Geldings All horses shall enter the ring at the slow gait, shall go to the right and shall continue at the slow gait until the class is closed.

As the horses enter the ring, the judge(s) must observe their way of going, and if he/she finds that an entry deviates from the standards, he/she must excuse the entry immediately.

The judge(s) shall then call for the performance gaits in the following order: slow gait, pleasure gait, walk, halt (must be called on the rail), reverse .

Horses shall be worked both ways of the ring at all the required gaits sufficiently for all horses to have performed before each officiating judge(s).

Any class, pleasure or equitation, may require the horse to rein back on the rail or in the line up. Workouts may be called for by judge(s) to resolve a tie for position and must only include the horses involved in the tie.

All workouts must be executed both ways of the ring. 1.

Horses will be shown at the slow gait, pleasure gait, and walk.

All horses shall be lined up for inspection and must stand quietly and back readily. 2.

All breed accepted tack and coordinating rider attire allowed.

Reins may be held in one hand or two for western tack and is dependent on breed standard.

For example, Tennessee Walking, Spotted Saddle, and Rocky Mountain exhibitors must hold reins in one hand, where Racking, Mountain Pleasure, and Missouri Fox Trotter exhibitors may hold western reins in two hands. 3.

The horse should display the manners, quality, and suitability of the true and easy riding pleasure of trail and road quality with a relaxed way of going.

The horse must display a willing and alert attitude. 4.

The Easy Gait Pleasure horse shall be judged accordingly; 25% on the four beat slow gait, 25% on the four beat pleasure gait, 20% on the walk, 15% on the halt and 15% on manners COSCA Rule EASY GAITED EQUITATION/HORSEMANSHIP (NO CANTER)– 17 Yrs. & Under – Mares & Geldings All horses shall enter the ring at the slow gait, shall go to the right and shall continue at the slow gait until the class is closed.

As the horses enter the ring, the judge(s) must observe their way of going, and if he/she finds that an entry deviates from the standards, he/she must excuse the entry immediately.

The judge(s) shall then call for the performance gaits in the following order: slow gait, pleasure gait, walk, halt (must be called on the rail), reverse.

Horses shall be worked both ways of the ring at all the required gaits sufficiently for all horses to have performed before each officiating judge(s).

Any class, pleasure or equitation, may require the horse to rein back on the rail or in the line up. Workouts may be called for by judge(s) to resolve a tie for position and must only include the horses involved in the tie.

All workouts must be executed both ways of the ring. 1.

In equitation/horsemanship classes only the rider is being judged, therefore any horse that is suitable for a particular style of riding and is capable of performing the required class routine is acceptable.

Horses will be shown at the slow gait, pleasure gait and walk.

Horses and riders shall be lined up for inspection and must stand quietly and back readily. 2.

All breed accepted tack and coordinating rider attire allowed.

Reins may be held in one hand or two for western tack and is dependent on breed standard.

For example, Tennessee Walking, Spotted Saddle, and Rocky Mountain exhibitors must hold reins in one hand, where Racking, Mountain Pleasure, and Missouri Fox Trotter exhibitors may hold western reins in two hands. 3.

Saddle must fit rider. 4.

All movements of the horse should be governed by the use of imperceptible aids.

Exaggerated shifting of the rider’s weight is not desirable. 5.

Results as shown by performance of the horse are not to be considered more important than the method used in obtaining them. 6.

Generally accepted standards for hand and body position while riding Saddle Seat or Western (split rein or romal) apply.

See below 1.

General.

Judges should note that the required Equitation Seat should in no way be exaggerated but be thoroughly efficient and most comfortable for riding the type of horse called for at any gait and for any length of time.

In Saddle Seat Equitation classes, riders should convey impression of effective and easy control.

To show a horse well, he should show himself to the best advantage.

Ring generalship must be taken into consideration by the judges.

A complete picture of the whole is of major importance.

An exhibitor is entitled to request only one time-out per class. (See GR833).

A judge must order from the ring any unruly horse or one whose actions threaten to endanger the rider, other exhibitors, or their entries. 2.

Hands.

Hands should be held in an easy position, neither perpendicular nor horizontal to the saddle and should show sympathy, adaptability and control.

The height the hands are held above the horse’s withers is a matter of how and where the horse carries his head.

The method of holding the reins is optional however both hands must be used and all reins must be picked up at one time.

Bight of rein should be on the off side. 3.

Basic Position.

To obtain proper position, rider should place himself comfortably in the saddle and find his center of gravity by sitting with a slight bend at the knees but without use of irons.

While in this position adjust leathers to fit.

Irons should be placed under ball of foot (not toe nor “home”) with even pressure on entire width of sole and center of iron.

Foot position should be natural (neither extremely in nor out). — Except for weanlings and yearlings which must be shown barefoot, horses may be shod or barefoot.

If shod, shoes must be open heeled without bars, turnbuckles and bands, or rocker bars or Memphis bars.

Weight attached to the exterior of the hoof or pad is prohibited. In all Pleasure, Natural Park and Stock Horse classes shoes including pads must not exceed 18 oz.

And length of the toe must not exceed 4 3/4”.

In all Morgan classes other than Pleasure, Natural Park and Stock there is no specific shoe weight limits but the length of toe must not exceed 5 3/4” including pad and shoe.

In Classic Pleasure classes shoes must not exceed 16 oz., no pads, and length of the toe must not exceed 4 1/2”. Please read the USEF Rule Book for qualifying gaits, appointments, and attire. After 6:00 p.m.

Formal attire is optional. An inconspicuous tongue-tie is permitted in all Morgan sections with the exception of Carriage Driving, Dressage, Hunter over Fences, Reining Seat Equitation, Western Seat Equitation, Trail, Reining and Western Pleasure. Junior Exhibitors are eligible to show in Amateur classes unless prohibited in the prize list. In Classic Pleasure classes, cross entering is allowed in all other English Pleasure and Pleasure Driving sections provided the toe and shoeing requirements of the horse are met. (Not mandatory to state in prize list.) Cross entering in all other classes is permitted. REGISTERED MORGAN “IN-HAND” CLASSES – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings (May be divided by show committee as to age or sex, but only one (1) year-end high point award will be given.) Sec. 1 – It is recommended that halter horses enter the ring at a trot.

Entries are to be judged individually, standing, then at a walk and trot on the line and must be serviceably sound.

Horses must stand squarely on all four feet with front legs perpendicular to the ground.

Rear legs may be placed slightly back.

Judge may ask exhibitor to move hind legs under horse for inspection.

Emphasis shall be on type and conformation with consideration given to horse’s ability to move correctly on the lead. Sec. 2 – Not more than two handlers, each of whom may have one whip, shall be allowed in the ring to show each horse in “In-Hand” classes.

Whip to be no longer than 6’ including the snapper or lash, with no appendages of any kind.

No other item of any kind shall be used inside or outside the ring.

USEF Rule Sec. 3 – “In-Hand” classes may include Weanling colts, Yearling colts, Two-year-old colts, Three-year-old stallions, Four-year-old stallions, Five-year-old and over stallions; Weanling fillies, Yearling fillies; Two-year-old fillies, Three-year-old mares, Four-year-old mares, Five-year-old and over mares (may be divided into mares that have had foals and mares that have not produced foals), Two-year-old and under geldings, Three- and Four-year-old geldings, and Five-year-old and over geldings. REGISTERED MORGAN ENGLISH PLEASURE HORSES (Saddle Seat) – Open To be shown at a walk, pleasure trot, road trot, and canter, with light rein, but still maintaining contact with horse’s mouth.

To be judged on manners, performance with proper cadence and balance, quality, presence, and apparent ability to give a good pleasure ride 60%; type and conformation 40%.

May be asked to back. USEF Rule REGISTERED MORGAN AMATEUR ENGLISH PLEASURE HORSES (Saddle Seat) – Adult and/or Jr.

Exhibitor This class is limited to Amateur riders.

A current USAE or COSCA Amateur card is required for exhibitors 18 and over.

An Amateur’s Pleasure Horse must show all of the tractability and willingness of the fully trained Pleasure Horse.

He may be somewhat stronger than a ladies’ or junior exhibitors’ horse, but must be completely cooperative and absolutely agreeable at all times.

A light mouth and a willing nature are paramount to the Amateur Pleasure Horse.

To be shown at a walk, pleasure trot, road trot, and canter with light rein but still maintaining contact with horse’s mouth.

To be judged on manners, performance with proper cadence and balance, suitability, quality, presence and apparent ability to give a good pleasure ride 60%; type and conformation 40%.

May be asked to back. USEF Rule (Points from the above two classes will be combined for COSCA year-end awards.) REGISTERED MORGAN WESTERN PLEASURE HORSES – Open To be shown at a walk, jog-trot, and lope with light rein but still maintaining contact with horse’s mouth.

The judge may ask for an extension of any gait.

To be judged on manners, performance with proper cadence and balance, quality, presence, and apparent ability to give a good pleasure ride, with emphasis on manners and gait 60%; type and conformation 40%.

Required to back. USEF Rule — When using a romal rein, the hand shall be around the reins with the wrist kept straight and relaxed, the thumb on top and the fingers closed lightly around the reins; no fingers are allowed between the reins.

The free hand shall carry the romal extension with approximately 16 inches space between the hands.

The romal shall not be used forward of the cinch or to signal or cute the horse in any way. Attire: Western Western attire at minimum requires along sleeved western shirt, with collar, completely buttoned, or turtle neck slinky, tie, bolo or neck ornament.

Western boots, Western styled pants, blue denim pants, a belt with buckle and a Western hat.

Chaps are optional. (Helmets acceptable.) Gait and Temperament: The gait in this division must be an evenly timed, consistent, four beat gait.

The gait of the Mountain Horse ranges from what is technically referred to as “stepping Rack” with minimal lift and suspension, at the show walk- to a true rack when performed with the greater speed and animation at the pleasure gait. (Also referred to the saddle gait or single foot.) Should be gliding, smooth and forward moving.

Some Mountain Horses executes the gait with a degree of termino, which is not penalized.

There is no minimum or maximum degree of action recommended for this division.

Pacing is a two beat lateral gait and is not acceptable to the breed. Characteristic calm, intelligent, sensible, willing temperament.

The unique ability to immediately come down from the most animated performance gait in the class to a calm, relaxed state for the trail walk is an “essential attribute” of the Mountain Horse temperament and one of the reasons for the importance of the trail walk.

The most brilliant and animated horse must be able to drop quickly and smoothly to a true flat trail walk, ridden on a loose rein with clearly observed slack in both reins. Headset: Mountain horse head set under saddle should range from the face being close to vertical- to at an angle of about 45 degree angle.

Head set may range from: a head and neck being carried in a relaxed manner, with a moderate/ minimum head shake- to a collected, up headed and stylish manner to slightly forward of the vertical line (or an angle of about 45 degrees).

Over tucking, behind the bit, nosed out, above the bit or strung out, should be penalized. Ring Protocol: Show Gait: Horses shall enter the ring at the show gait.

The show gait is collected, evenly timed four beat Mountain Horse gait performed at moderate speed, with stride and action appropriate for each horses way of going.

Show gait must be collected, smooth, rhythmatic and cadenced. Pleasure Gait: The Mountain Horse Pleasure Gait is an evenly timed four beat gait with the greatest speed, length in stride, collection and action.

Must be a distinct difference in speed demonstrated at the show walk and the pleasure gait.

Speed must not come at the expense of form and correct foot fall. Trail Walk: The trail walk has equal weight in judging along with the other gaits in the class.

The ability to transition from the highest performance level in the class to a completely relaxed walk is an important indication of the correct Mountain Horse mentality and temperament. The trail walk is an authentic four beat gait, calm, relaxed, true flat walk & suitable for use on trails.

Must be ridden on a loose rein with clearly observed slack. (May also be ridden on the buckle.) The head and neck should be lowered.

The horse should stretch into the rider’s hand, as indication of relaxation and acceptance of the bit. The Backup: In all classes, backing at least three steps in a straight line is called for in the line-up. The horse must not throw his head above the bit, gape at the mouth, or show other signs of resistance.

Riders may not apply the spur.

Resistance and failure to follow a straight track will be penalized.

Mountain Horses must stand quietly & back readily in the line-up. OPEN GAITED MOUNTAIN HORSE – ENGLISH OR WESTERN – STALLIONS, MARES, & GELDINGS Horses shall enter the ring at the show gait and proceed to the right, in a counter-clockwise direction.

The sequence of gaits shall be: show gait, Mountain Horse pleasure gait, trail walk, reverse, and repeat.

The judge may ask for one or more gaits to be repeated prior to calling for a line-up. Must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up.

Judged on overall performance.

UMH Rule OPEN YOUTH GAITED MOUNTAIN HORSE – ENGLISH OR WESTERN – MARES & GELDINGS ONLY Classes designated for youth are restricted to individuals who have not reached their 18th birthday as of January 1st of the competition year. Horses shall enter the ring at the show gait and proceed to the right, in a counter-clockwise direction.

The sequence of gaits shall be: show gait, Mountain Horse pleasure gait, trail walk, reverse, and repeat.

The judge may ask for one or more gaits to be repeated prior to calling for a line-up. Must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up.

Judged on overall performance.

UMH Rule OPEN GAITED MOUNTAIN HORSE EQUITATION – ENGLISH OR WESTERN – STALLIONS, MARES, & GELDINGS Open to Amateurs and Professionals.

Shall be judged both ways of the ring. Horses shall enter the ring at the show gait and proceed to the right, in a counter-clockwise direction.

The sequence of gaits shall be: show gait, Mountain Horse pleasure gait, trail walk, reverse, and repeat.

The judge may ask for one or more gaits to be repeated prior to calling for a line-up. Must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up.

Judged on overall performance.

UMH Rule Requirements for Equitation: High head looking forward.

Shoulders even and square with rib cage drawn up and out of the belt area.

Waist supple but not collapsed.

Buttocks tucked neatly and seated on seat bones.

Deep seat, close and in contact with horse.

Thighs and knees in close contact with horse, but not gripping.

Irons/stirrups at mid ankle when the foot is removed from stirrup.

Forearm(s) should be parallel to the ground.

Hand should be held over the withers.

The hands may not cross the neck while the horse is in motion for English.

One hand on reins, Romal or Split Reins (split rein is held with the index finger between reins only), for Western.

The touch of the rider’s hands on the reins should be light, yet clearly in contact.

An imaginary vertical line, drawn on the rider from the side view, would show a straight connection from the ear through the shoulder to the elbow, traveling down the body through the hip to the heel.

Good, quiet hands are paramount.

Thumping or kicking of the horse will be penalized.

Generally accepted standards for hand and body position while riding Saddle Seat or Western (split rein or romal) apply.

See below 1.

General.

Judges should note that the required Equitation Seat should in no way be exaggerated but be thoroughly efficient and most comfortable for riding the type of horse called for at any gait and for any length of time.

In Saddle Seat Equitation classes, riders should convey impression of effective and easy control.

To show a horse well, he should show himself to the best advantage.

Ring generalship must be taken into consideration by the judges.

A complete picture of the whole is of major importance.

An exhibitor is entitled to request only one time-out per class. (See GR833).

A judge must order from the ring any unruly horse or one whose actions threaten to endanger the rider, other exhibitors, or their entries. 2.

Hands.

Hands should be held in an easy position, neither perpendicular nor horizontal to the saddle and should show sympathy, adaptability and control.

The height the hands are held above the horse’s withers is a matter of how and where the horse carries his head.

The method of holding the reins is optional however both hands must be used and all reins must be picked up at one time.

Bight of rein should be on the off side. 3.

Basic Position.

To obtain proper position, rider should place himself comfortably in the saddle and find his center of gravity by sitting with a slight bend at the knees but without use of irons.

While in this position adjust leathers to fit.

Irons should be placed under ball of foot (not toe nor “home”) with even pressure on entire width of sole and center of iron.

Foot position should be natural (neither extremely in nor out). 4.

Position in Motion. Walk: slight motion in saddle. Trot: slight elevation in saddle posting; hips under body not mechanical up-and-down norswinging forward and backward. Canter: close seat, going with horse. Slow Gait: steady in saddle, no slap nor twist; legs straight down, intermittent calf pressure permissible; hands slightly raised, flexible contact, no sawing. Rack: seat smooth in saddle; legs down and slightly back, not thrust forward; hands low in motion with gait, not sawing but placement optional to individual rider and horse. OPEN GAITED MOUNTAIN HORSE CLASSIC ENGLISH PLEASURE – STALLIONS, MARES, & GELDINGS Horses shall enter the ring at the show gait and proceed to the right, in a counter-clockwise direction.

The sequence of gaits shall be: show gait, Mountain Horse pleasure gait, trail walk, reverse, and repeat.

The judge may ask for one or more gaits to be repeated prior to calling for a line-up. Must stand quietly and back readily in the line-up.

Judged on overall performance.

UMH Rule The classic Pleasure entry executes the Show and Pleasure gaits in a collected, up headed and stylish manner with a moderately stronger stride.

Horse is shown in a collected frame, with head carried proudly up in the bridle.

The classic Pleasure horse will exhibit somewhat more animation and speed, with a showier appearance.

Classic horses must present a picture of balance, elasticity, and controlled energy. — 1.

Soundness is required.

Shoeing regulations are designed to provide comfort and protection for the horse as well as a brilliant performance that is as natural as possible.

In all classes hoof length maximum of 5 1/2” of foot, including shoe and pad(s), is allowed as measured according to Art. 3002.

Shoes can be made of any standard material and can be of any design.

Pads can be made of leather or synthetic material and can be of any design.

Pads made of leather or synthetic material are allowed as a protective measure.

Bands are permitted except for horses two (2) under. 2.

In all classes except Halter, English Pleasure, Five-Gaited, Three-Gaited, Fine Harness, Pleasure Driving and Saddle Seat Equitation, the weight of the shoe, excluding nails, pads and packing is limited to no more than 16 ounces.

In the event bar shoes are used, the bar cannot extend below the ground surface of the shoe.

In all classes except Halter, English Pleasure, Five-Gaited, Fine Harness, Pleasure Driving and Saddle Seat Equitation, added weight is prohibited.

Packing material such as Oakum and pine tar, silicone, foam rubber, etc., is acceptable.

Application of lead between foot and pad is prohibited. There are no specific weight or pad limits in Halter and Country Pleasure classes.

Lead and Bands are permitted except for horses two (2) and under.

Boots are prohibited.

In case of inclement weather, the use of polo boots and bandages may be permitted provided competition management publicly announces it before a class. Breed Standard. The National Show Horse shall strive to produce an athletic horse which retains size, beauty, and refinement.

Specifically, the following traits are desirable: Motion – Balance and obvious power from the hindquarters flowing into an elevated front end, the front legs showing both flexion and extension. Neck – Very long, set high on the shoulder and relatively upright with fine throatlatch.

The neck should be shapely but without a pronounced crest. Head – Relatively small, short and refined with large eyes and small, well placed ears and a straight or slightly concave profile (a “Roman nosed” or convex profile is not desirable). Pronounced withers and a very deep and well laid-back shoulder. Proportionately short back closely coupled with a long hip and relatively level top line (moderately sloping croup not to be penalized). Legs – Correct from all angles with long forearms and short cannon bones in front and long, well-angled pasterns front and rear. Refinement of bone but not lacking in substance, especially in the chest, girth, shoulder, and hip. A relatively high-set tail, natural and flowing. When observed at rest or in motion, the horse must exhibit a natural presence and, when animated, extreme brilliance.

The horse must exhibit high carriage when showing or relaxed. General 1.

All horses shall be worked both ways of the ring at all required gait as directed by the judge(s).

All horses chosen for a workout must be worked both ways of the ring in front of each judge, at any gait except the walk. 2.

To be penalized: Over-bridling (ie, over-flexed, chin toward chest); mixed gaits, unbalanced action; pulling; fighting the bit; tossing the head; carrying head to one side or going sideways; leaving hocks behind; strung out; wrong lead or cross-cantering; breaking of gait; winging; interfering; traveling wide behind; loss of form due to excessive speed; bad manners; exaggerated opening of mouth; carrying sour ears; bucking; rearing; balking; kicking or not being under control.

Horses with head-sets behind the vertical must be penalized. 3.

BACKING.

Entries are not to be requested to back in the line up with the exception of the Country Pleasure, Ladies English Side Saddle, Western Pleasure and Show Hack divisions where backing is optional at the judge’s discretion. Judging Criteria. The specific type of class being judged determines the importance of each criteria in the final judging outcome.

The order in which each is listed in the class specifications determines where the emphasis should be placed.

For example: A horse placed first in a class judged on performance, quality, manners, and conformation could justifiably be unplaced against the same horses in the class judged on manners, quality, performance, and conformation.

The criteria considered are: performance, manners, quality, and conformation. Halter Classes. Halter classes may be divided by sex and age groups at the discretion of competition management Horses to be shown standing, at a walk, and at the trot.

Halter horses are not to be stretched or “parked out.” A horse is considered not stretched if all four feet are flat on the ground and at least one front and one rear cannon bone is perpendicular to the ground.

Horse’s weight evenly distributed on all four legs.

Emphasis shall be placed upon quality, conformation, and adherence to breed standards with close attention placed upon animated motion, flexion of the joints, and correct movement of the horse.

Transmissible weaknesses to be counted strongly against breeding stock.

Horses must be serviceably sound. The use of shackles, elastic stretchers or blindfolds on weanlings and yearling is prohibited on the grounds before or during a competition. NATIONAL SHOW HORSE HALTER – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings May be divided by show committee as to age or sex, but only one (1) year-end high point award will be given. Horses to be shown standing, at a walk, and at the trot.

Halter horses are not to be stretched or “parked out.” A horse is considered not stretched if all four feet are flat on the ground and at least one front and one rear cannon bone is perpendicular to the ground.

Horse’s weight evenly distributed on all four legs.

Emphasis shall be placed upon quality, conformation, and adherence to breed standards with close attention placed upon animated motion, flexion of the joints, and correct movement of the horse.

Transmissible weaknesses to be counted strongly against breeding stock.

Horses must be serviceably sound.

USEF Rule COUNTRY PLEASURE Description. The Country Pleasure Horse has less animation than the English Pleasure Horse, but should be typical of the National Show Horse.

EXTREME KNEE MOTION AND SPEED ARE TO BE PENALIZED.

The Pleasure horse must have comfortable gaits giving the distinct impression it is a true pleasure to ride.

Manners and suitability as a pleasure mount are paramount.

Horses shown in Country Pleasure (as well as Western, Hunter or Show Hack) are ineligible to show in any other NSH class at the same show except for Halter, Ladies Side Saddle and/or Equitation.

Horses shown in Country Pleasure, Western, Hunter or Show Hack may cross-enter among these classes. — ADULT WALK-TROT EQUITATION/HORESMANSHIP – Adults 18 Yrs. & Over – Horse or Pony – English & Western – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Open to horses or ponies of any breed or combination of breeds. Open to riders who have never competed in a walk, trot, and canter class at any COSCA approved show.

The Board of Directors may consider an exception to this rule upon receipt of a written request.

The request, if approved, will become effective one year from the date of approval by the board of Directors. In equitation/horsemanship classes only the rider is being judged, therefore any horse or pony that is suitable for a particular style of riding and is capable of performing the required class routine is acceptable.

Horses/ponies will be shown at the walk and trot (jog- trot).

All horses/ponies and riders shall be lined up for inspection and must stand quietly and back readily.

Saddle must fit rider.

Exhibitor must be appropriately attired for this class.

Good hands are paramount.

All movements of the horse/pony should be governed by the use of imperceptible aids.

Exaggerated shifting of the rider’s weight is not desirable.

Results as shown by performance of the horse/pony are not to be considered more important than the method used in obtaining them.

To be judged 25% seat, 25% hands, 25% feet, and 25% grooming of the horse/pony and neatness of the rider.

COSCA Rule ADULT WALK-TROT PLEASURE – Adults 18 Yrs. & Over – Horse or Pony – English & Western –Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Open to horses or ponies of any breed or combination of breeds. Open to riders who have never competed in a walk, trot, and canter class at any COSCA approved show.

The Board of Directors may consider an exception to this rule upon receipt of a written request.

The request, if approved, will become effective one year from the date of approval by the Board of Directors. To be shown at a walk and trot (jog-trot).

To stand quietly in the line up.

Must be asked to back.

To be judged on manners, performance, suitability, quality, and soundness.

COSCA Rule OPEN WALK-TROT PLEASURE – All Ages – Horse or Pony – English & Western – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Open to horses or ponies of any breed or combination of breeds. To be shown at a walk and trot (jog-trot).

To stand quietly in the line up.

Must be asked to back.

To be judged on manners, performance, suitability, quality, and soundness.

COSCA Rule May be split: English and Western. NOTE: This class WILL NOT count towards any high point awards! – eg COM, Year-end High Point Awards, Horse of the Year, Youth Activity High Point Awards. WESTERN PLEASURE HORSE – Open – All Ages – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Open to any breed or combination of breeds over 14.2 hands.

Breed horses exempt on height ruling. To be shown at a walk, jog-trot, and lope both ways of the ring on a reasonably loose rein without undue restraint.

To be judged on performance 60%; conformation 30%; and appointments 10%.

COSCA Rule NOTE: The above class may be divided into Junior Western Pleasure Horse – Open and Senior Western Pleasure Horse – Open.

Points will revert to the “all ages” class. LADIES’ WESTERN PLEASURE HORSES – 18 Yrs. & Older – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Open to any breed or combination of breeds over 14.2 hands.

Breed horses exempt on height ruling. To be shown at a walk, jog-trot, and lope both ways of the ring, on a reasonably loose rein without undue restraint.

To be judged on performance 60%; conformation 30%; and appointments 10%.

COSCA Rule MEN’S WESTERN PLEASURE HORSES – 18 Yrs. & Older – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings — A pleasure horse should be a happy horse and a natural horse.

Emphasis shall be placed on good movers, manners, and attitude, as reflected in the horse’s ears, mouth, tail and way of going.

Judges shall be instructed to pay particular attention to the above mentioned and any attempt to alter the above shall be severely penalized. Horse will be penalized for being on the wrong lead.

The walk should be comfortable, flat, and ground-covering, the jog-trot relaxed, quiet, and steady, the lope rolling and comfortable with strong emphasis on the natural way of going for the particular style of horse. All entries must be shown with both hands on the reins, maintaining light contact with horse’s mouth.

Reins may or may not be crossed.

The rider’s hands should be carried near the pommel and not further than 4” out on either side of the saddle horn.

Rider’s hand must be steady with very limited movement.

Rider’s hands should be visible to the judge(s) at all times. All entries will be subject to a mandatory bit inspection by the judge(s) as well as all other equipment being used.

This may include, at the discretion of the judge(s), the use of a bit gauge.

Bits are to be dropped out of horse’s mouth for inspection.

Timing of such inspection is at the discretion of the judge(s).

Judge(s) may designate the Steward to do the bit/bosal inspection.

If a horse’s mouth shows signs of broken skin, rawness, or bleeding, the horse will be eliminated from competition.

If a horse’s nose or any area touched by the bosal shows signs of broken skin, rawness, or bleeding, the horse will be eliminated from competition. Entries exhibiting lack of control or unruliness may be excused at the discretion of the judge(s).

COSCA & NSBA Rules Gaits General Statement: A Western Pleasure horse should be what the name emphasizes, a pleasure to ride.

He should exhibit a free flowing stride with self carriage, smooth gaits and transitions. A.

A horse that is walking correctly is bright, alert and responsive to the rider’s guidance.

The walk is a four beat gait.

It should be soft, comfortable, flat and ground covering.

Each foot should come out of the ground at the same pace it goes in. B.

The jog should be soft, relaxed and comfortable, with a clean lift in the motion.

The legs should be working in diagonal pairs, making a distinct two beat gait.

At no time should it resemble a running walk nor should it be rough or stilted.

The speed and stride should be compatible with the horse’s size and conformation. C.

The lope is a rolling, natural three beat gait.

It should be soft and comfortable.

The horse’s leg should be moving freely with full extension of the limbs. D.

The back: Horses should back, on command, quietly, willingly and easily in a straight line without resistance.

Jawing, resisting or tossing of the head should be penalized.

It is permissible for horses to be backed on the rail. E.

IMPORTANT: As long as horses with naturally longer strides are performing the gaits correctly, they should NOT be penalized for passing other horses. Horses should be of sound limb. Equipment shall be as follows: A.

Horses to be shown in standard, plain, or silver head stalls (browband, shaped ear or split ear).

References to snaffle bit in western pleasure classes mean the conventional O-ring, egg-butt, or D-ring with a ring no larger than 4”.

The inside circumference of the ring must be free of rein, curb or headstall attachments which could provide leverage.

The mouthpiece should be round, oval or egg-shaped, smooth and unwrapped metal.

It may be inlaid, but smooth or latex wrapped.

The bars must be a minimum of 5/16” in diameter measured one inch in from the cheek with a gradual decrease to the center of the snaffle.

Optional loose curb strap (leather or nylon only and must be attached below the reins).

The mouthpiece may be two or three pieces.

A three-piece connecting flat bar of 3/8” to ¾ “ (measured top to bottom, with a maximum length of 2”) which lies flat in the horse’s mouth is acceptable. B.

A braided rawhide or leather bosal or rope bosal may be used in lieu of a snaffle bit, no more than ¾” (three-quarter inch) diameter at the cheek.

The core may be of rawhide or flexible cable.

The bosal must be a minimum one (1) finger space (approximately ¾” ) between the bosal and nose.

Absolutely no metal or rigid material is allowed under the jaw or on the nose or anywhere on the bridle regardless of how padded or covered it is.

Bosals shall be soft and flexible.

The bosal should be properly fitted relative to the horse’s size and conformation.

Horse hair bosals are permitted.

This rule does not refer to so-called mechanical hackamores. C.

Reins are to be attached above the curb strap. D.

Standard, leather or woven leather split reins are mandatory.

Hair reins are not permitted with snaffle bits. E.

Training devices such as martingales, nose bands or tie downs are prohibited in the show arena and designated warm-up arena at all times.

NSBA Rule Typical examples of acceptable bits or bosal. — PASO FINO HORSE DIVISION GENERAL QUALIFICATIONS ELIGIBILITY: 1.

To be eligible for entry and exhibition in a show, a horse must be registered with the Paso Fino Horse Association and must be entered and exhibited under its full registered name and registration number.

All participants (owners, agents, lessees, trainers, riders, exhibitors, and handlers) must be current members of, and in good standing with, the PFHA.

These rules are a condensed version of the Paso Fino Horse Association rules.

Please refer to the latest edition of the PFHA rules for details. 2.

All horses born in 1980 or after shall be prohibited from showing if scarred by training devices.

Imported horses born prior to 1980 shall not be penalized for old training scars provided they are indicated on their association registration description, unless such scars evidence fresh signs of blood or new scar tissue caused by training devices.

Paso Finos will be exhibited in the most natural way possible. 3.

Manes, forelocks and tails should retain their full and natural status; a short area, not to exceed four (4) inches in length, may be clipped from the mane to accommodate the bridle.

Horses under one (1) year of age will not be penalized for having clipped manes or tails. 4.

No artificial appliances are allowed.

Normal grooming preparations are allowed, but make-up, other than on hooves, glitter, or any other way of artificially changing the appearance of a horse is prohibited.

All horses must be in good condition.

The color of a horse or the color of the horse’s eyes will not be a consideration in judging a horse. 5.

Soreing of a horse is prohibited.

Any physical evidence, including but not limited to scars or blisters, of training with heavy shoes or artificial devices, or soreing shall cause the horse to be disqualified. 6.

At the line-up in all classes, Judges will carefully inspect the horses for artificial devices, training scars, raw or bleeding sores, soundness, marked lameness, welts from whips or spurs, and tail alteration in accordance with these rules.

At all PFHA approved shows, the judge may, at his or her discretion, inspect any horse for evidence of soreing. GENERAL RULES: 1.

Horse’s Age.

For separation into classes by age in years at horse shows, a horse’s age is determined by the age it would be if its next birthday were the first day of January of the show year in question.

Therefore any horse will be considered to be one year older on the first day of January following the actual date of foaling and the same for each subsequent year.

For example, a horse born in 1996 would be a yearling during the September 1996 – August 1997 show year; a two year old during the September 1997 – August 1998 show year, etc.

However, when a horse’s age requirement is stated in months, as for saddle or driving classes, a horse is considered to be twenty-four (24) or thirty (30) to sixty (60) months old as counted from its actual foaling date. 2.

Ring Conduct.

The ring conduct of any exhibitor shall not be such as to affect adversely the exhibition of any other exhibitor’s horse in the ring.

Horses should be spirited, display refinement and beauty, but must be obedient.

Anyone not controlling his mount shall be excused from the ring.

In all mounted classes, the riders shall space their mounts in such a manner so as to avoid bunching up and shall maintain such relative positions during such class demonstrations. 3.

An exhibitor may not use any type of electronic, mechanical or similar communication or mechanical device in the show ring while being judged, except for an exhibitor who is hearing impaired and who normally uses a sound enhancing device to achieve normal hearing. 4.

Showing a horse with raw or bleeding sores or raw or bleeding abrasions around the muzzle, nose, chin groove, or jaw is considered an act of abuse. 5.

Soundness.

All horses must be serviceably sound for competition purposes.

A horse must not show evidence of lameness, broken wind, or complete loss of site in either eye. SHOEING REGULATIONS: If shown unshod, hooves will be neatly trimmed to a short natural length not to exceed four (4) inches.

If a horse is shown shod, the length of the hooves is not to exceed four and one half (4 ½) inches, including shoes.

All four (4) feet must be shod with flat shoes that do not affect the way a horse travels or how a foot breaks over.

All four (4) feet must have the same type of shoe of the same material, and thickness although front and back hooves may be shod in different sizes.

Each shoe cannot exceed ten (10) ounces.

Weighted shoes and pads are prohibited.

However, toe and/or side clips drawn from the same shoe (an integral part of an otherwise flat saddle plate shoe which does not exceed ten (10) ounces in weight) that in no way affects how a horse travels or breaks over are allowed. TYPE AND CONFORMATION: The Paso Fino horse reflects its Spanish heritage through its proud carriage, grace and elegance.

Modern care and selective breeding have enhanced its beauty, refinement and well-proportioned conformation that conveys strength and power without extreme muscling.

The Paso Fino is born with a gait unique to the breed, and its attitude seems to transmit to the observer that this horse knows its gait is a very special gift that must be executed with style and pride! The gait, being totally natural, does not exhibit the catapulting or exaggerated leg action of man-made gaits; rather the movements are smooth, rhythmic, purposeful, straight, balanced in flexion and synchronous front to rear, resulting in unequaled comfort and smoothness for the rider.

The Paso Fino is a graceful, agile, and supple equine athlete that uses all four legs with precision and harmony.

With its definite but controlled spirit, natural gait and presence, and responsive attitude, the Paso Fino is, indeed, a rare and desirable equine partner. 1.

Head.

The head should be refined and in good proportion to the body of the horse, neither extremely small nor large with the preferred profile being straight.

Eyes are large and well-spaced, very expressive and alert, and should not show excessive white around the edges.

Ears are comparatively short, set close and curved inward at the tips.

The lips should be firm and the nostrils large and dilatable.

Jaws are defined but not extreme.

The impression should be of a well-shaped, alert, and intelligent face. 2.

Neck.

The neck is gracefully arched, medium in length and set on at an angle to allow high carriage, breaking at the poll.

The throat latch should be refined and well-defined. 3.

Forehand.

Shoulders are sloping into the withers with great depth through the heart.

Chest is moderate in width.

Withers are defined but not pronounced and slope smoothly into the back. 4.

Midsection.

The midsection is moderate in length with a well-sprung rib cage.

The top line should be proportionately shorter than the underline.

The back should be strong and muscled.

The midsection should join the forehand and the hindquarters so as to give the horse a pleasing, proportioned appearance. 5.

Hindquarters.

The croup is slightly sloping with rounded hips, broad loins, and strong hocks.

The tail is carried gracefully when the horse is in motion. 6.

Legs.

The legs are straight with refined bones and strong, well defined tendons and broad, long forearms with shorter cannons.

The thigh and gaskin are strong and muscled but not exaggerated.

Standing slightly under in the rear is acceptable.

Pasterns are sloping and medium in length.

Bones are straight, sound, and flat, and joints are strong and well defined.

Hooves are well rounded, proportionate in size and do not show excessive heel. 7.

Mane, Tail, and Forelock.

Mane, tail, and forelock are as long, full, and luxurious as nature can provide.

No artificial additions or alterations are allowed.

A bridle path not exceeding four (4) inches is acceptable. 8.

Size.

Paso Fino horses are 13 to 15.2 hands with 13.3 to 14.2 being the most typical size with weight ranging from 700 to 1100 pounds.

Full size may not be attained until the fifth year. 9.

Color.

Every equine color can be found, with or without white markings. 10.

Disposition.

The Paso Fino is an extremely willing horse that truly seems to enjoy human companionship and strives to please.

It is spirited and responsive under tack while sensible and gentle at hand. GAITS: The gait of the Paso Fino horse is totally natural and normally exhibited from birth.

It is an evenly-spaced four-beat lateral gait with each foot contacting the ground independently in a regular sequence at precise intervals creating a rapid, unbroken rhythm.

Executed perfectly, the four hoof beats are absolutely even in both cadence and impact.

Footfall is the same sequence as the natural equine walk, ie, left rear, left fore, right rear, right fore.

Propulsion is primarily from the hind limbs and the horse’s motion is absorbed in its back and loins, resulting in unequaled smoothness and comfort for the rider.

The Paso Fino gait is performed at three forward speeds and with varying degrees of collection.

In all classes, special attention shall be afforded to the rhythmic consistency and smoothness of the Paso gait.

While style of execution may vary with horses, any style of execution that reduces smoothness and consistency shall be penalized.

In addition, a horse shall be excused for failure to perform any gait prescribed in a class.

Any tendency to mix gaits, the loss of even cadence or lack of smoothness, as evidenced by an up and down or side to side movement of the horse’s croup or of the rider, shall be penalized.

In all qualifying gaits, light contact on the reins is required.

Horses requiring undue restraint or “holding” in gait or collection shall be penalized.

While the degree of collection required varies from class to class, in no gait should the horse go “strung out” behind, squat down in the rear, jut out his nose, lug or work behind the headgear.

Exaggerated leg action (excessive fold, over-reaching, unnaturally high front leg action, etc.) is not desirable.

The ideal Paso Fino should track straight; however some slight winging or paddling is acceptable and should be penalized only if it is severe or a result of conformation faults.

In all classes and all gaits the Paso Fino should give the appearance of naturalness and ease combined with a degree of the pride and elegance that is characteristic of the Paso Fino breed. 1.

Classic Fino.

Forward speed is very slow, and the footfall is extremely rapid while the steps and extension are exceedingly short.

To be executed fully collected. 2.

Paso Corto.

Forward speed is moderate, ground-covering but unhurried, executed with medium extension and stride.

The degree of collection desired varies with class requirements. 3.

Paso Largo.

The fastest speed of the gaits.

The largo is executed with a longer extension and stride.

Forward speed varies with the individual horse, since each horse should attain its top speed in harmony with its own natural stride and cadence.

The degree of collection desired varies with class requirements. 4.

The Paso Fino can execute other gaits natural to horses in addition to the Paso Fino gaits. Walk.

Smooth, steady, evenly-spaced four-beat gait. Lope.

True, three-beat gait, slow, cadenced, smooth, straight on both leads.

With no tendency to mix gaits. — 1.

Metal on Nosepiece.

A curb chain or curb strap is permitted but shall not be cruelly tight.

Except for schooling classes, metal is not permitted in, under, over, or attached to the cavesson nosepiece except for necessary buckles. 2.

No Metal or Browbands.

No metal decoration is allowed on browbands. 3.

Schooling Headgear.

In Youth classes, except Equitation classes, headgear can be any training headgear not considered cruel or inhumane by the judge or show committee.

Bare metal, except for curb chains or parts of buckles, is not allowed. 4.

English Tack. a.

Saddle.

In all classes where English tack is designated, saddles may be of any English type except forward seat jumping saddles are prohibited unless a jump is required in the class.

If a saddlepad is used, it will be conservative in color and conform to the shape of the saddle.

Stirrups for classes requiring English tack must conform in overall shape to commonly regarded English tack. b.

Bridle.

Except as provided in the next sentence, bridles must be leather, but not rawhide except Schooling Classes where rawhide is permitted, Colombian or English type headstall, flat, rolled or braided.

Goatskin bridles with white or crème colored reins matching the bridles may be used.

Cheek pieces may be 3/8 to 5/8 inch with a matching, plain or stitched, cavesson and matching browband.

The browband and cavesson nose piece may not exceed one (1) inch in width.

Dropped nosebands, tie downs, and martingales are prohibited.

Headstalls may have a throatlatch with a pisador.

The pisador may be rawhide.

Throat latches may tie rather than buckle. c.

Reins.

Reins may be leather, flat rolled, or braided.

Nylon or other natural or man-made fiber reins may be used (hereafter referred to as “nylon”).

In all classes nylon reins may be used, but they must be the same color as the headstall.combination leather/nylon buckle-back reins may be used.

Snaps that attach the reins to the bit or bosal may be used in all classes.

The guide to Paso Fino Tack- The guide to Paso Fino Tack lists examples of acceptable tack where English and Western Tack is designated.

This guide is available in the PFHA rulebook. d.

Other.

An English breast strap or breast plate not exceeding 1” may be used.

No silver or vinyl or reflective vinyl is allowed on headgear, breast straps, or breast plates. 5.

Western Tack. a.

In all classes where Western tack is designated, the tack shall consist of a good working stock saddle.

Silver equipment is permitted but must not predominate.

Australian Stock Saddles are prohibited in Western Pleasure classes.

The head stall shall be of the Western type customarily used with a stock saddle, including bosals.

Colombian and Western hackamore, mecates, sidepulls, curb, and snaffle bits may be used.

Cavessons and nose bands are prohibited.

Breastplates are permitted. b.

Bits.

Bits are required in all classes except Schooling Classes or other classes as specified.

Bits may be of any humane approved type (per USEF guide by Ronald J.

Rhodes and in accordance with Appendix A of the PHFA Rule Book).

However, shanks cannot exceed six (6) inches, upper shank of bit from mouthpiece to where bit attaches to bridle cannot exceed (3) inches, and all bits with shanks must have a curb strap or curb chain attached and used for leverage.

The length of a shank shall be measured in a straight line from the mouthpiece to end of the shank.

Slip or gag bits, rigid donut mouthpieces and flat polo mouthpieces are prohibited.

Any rein design or bit shank which increases the effective length and thereby the leverage of the shank of the bit is prohibited 6.

Crops and Spurs.

Blunt spurs appropriate for English or Western classes, respectively, and a riding crop not exceeding thirty (30) inches in length may be used. 7.

Special Tack, Attire, or Considerations.

An individual requiring special show considerations shall submit a request to the show secretary who will note appropriate judge’s cards accordingly and inform the steward of same.

These special considerations may include the exemption from dismounting and mounting in Paso Pleasure classes. YOUTH DIVISION: Age.

A rider’s age for Youth classes shall be determined by the rider’s age on September 1 of the current competition year, and this age shall remain the same throughout the competition year. Safety Headgear.

All riders twelve (12) years old and under are required to wear safety headgear (hard hat with chin strap) in all classes. Handling Stallions.

A child under thirteen (13) shall not at any time ride, handle, and/or exhibit a colt or stallion on the show grounds during an Association sanctioned show.

This rule applies to all classes, point or non-point, specifically including leadline classes.

The adult responsible for such a child who violates this rule will be subject to dismissal from the show grounds and forfeiture of any remaining fees. **4H rules supersede the Paso Fino Horse Association rules with respect to the age at which youth can show a stallion Open Youth: Youth 17 years old or younger. Suitability: In all youth classes, special attention should be paid to the suitability of the horse for its rider.

Horses should not appear unmanageable or too excitable for their riders, nor should they be unwilling to work for their riders.

Good disposition is paramount for a youth horse. REGISTERED PASO FINO BELLA FORMAS (Conformation) QUALIFYING GAIT AND CLASS SPECIFICATIONS: The choice of gait is optional, either Classic Fino or Paso Corto, and one form of the gait shall not be given preference over the other. Both conformation and gait shall be judged in this class.

The 
Breed Standard of the ideal Paso Fino shall be used as the standard for judging.

Transmissible faults, such as buck-kneed, calf-kneed, base wide, base narrow, cow hocks, sickle hocks, toe-in, toe-out, offset knees, standing under, camped out in front, too straight behind, etc., shall be counted heavily against breeding stock.

A horse with a swayback or fallen crest will be heavily penalized.

A horse must be serviceably sound to be considered for placement.

Any horse that fails to demonstrate the Paso gait so that the Judge(s) can evaluated and ascribe gait percentages shall be eliminated from placement.

This class shall be judged: 60% on conformation, 30% on quality and naturalness of gait, and 10% on appearance, grooming, and manners. PROCEDURES: 1.

Entries of any age may be shown with a halter and single or double lead line.

If two lines are used, they shall be long and shall be one on either side of the halter; if two lines are used, the horse may be handled by one attendant holding both lines or by two (2) attendants—one holding each line.

If one line is used, only one (1) attendant is allowed.

No attendants other than those actually holding the lines are allowed.

Lines may end in a smooth link chain which may be crossed over the nose and/or under the jaw.

The horse must demonstrate the Classic Fino or the Paso Corto gait whenever moving.

In the lineup, the horse must stand square, not stretched, and remain quiet without undue restraint. 2.

Horses shall enter the ring one at a time in the order that show management designates.

The horses shall proceed to the right and circle the arena in a counter-clockwise direction on the rail. 3.

Quality of gait, that is, smoothness, symmetry of action, harmony of cadence, and naturalness, that is, consistency, absence of undue restraint, will be judged during rail work.

After completing one circle, or when instructed by the Ringmaster, the horse will line up in the center of the ring for conformation inspection.

The judge(s) shall penalize a horse if the handler uses his or her hands on the horse’s leg below the knee to position the hoof in the lineup. 4.

Additional work-offs may be required at the judge(s)’ discretion including the use of the sounding board to exhibit horse’s cadence of gait.

During work-offs, the horses must remain on the rail except to pass. APPOINTMENTS: 1.

A horse will be shown in a leather show halter without a bit, nameplate or inscription thereon.

The halter will be English or Colombian type leather, flat, rolled, or braided (3/8, ½, or 5/8 inch) with a matching stitched or plain nose piece with optional browband not to exceed one (1) inch in width.

A matching lead line, or long lines, as described above is required.

A riding crop or whip not exceeding 30 inches in length may be carried.

No other devices may be used. 2.

Attendants will be attired in the official Paso Fino show costume. USEF Rule REGISTERED PASO FINO BELLA FORMAS (Conformation) Horses shall enter the ring one at a time in the order that show management designates.

The horses shall proceed to the right and circle the arena in a counter-clockwise direction on the rail. The choice of gait is optional, either Classic Fino or Paso Corto, and one form of the gait shall not be given preference over the other.

Quality of gait, that is, smoothness, symmetry of action, harmony of cadence, and naturalness, that is, consistency, absence of undue restraint, will be judged during rail work.

After completing one circle, or when instructed by the Ringmaster, the horse will line up in the center of the ring for conformation inspection.

The Judge(s) shall penalize a horse if the handler uses his or her hands on the horse’s leg below the knee to position the hoof in the lineup. Additional work-offs may be required at the judge(s)’ discretion including the use of the sounding board to exhibit horse’s cadence of gait.

During work-offs, the horses must remain on the rail except to pass. A horse must be serviceably sound to be considered for placement.

Any horse that fails to demonstrate the Paso gait so that the judge(s) can evaluate and ascribe gait percentages shall be eliminated from placement.

This class shall be judged: 60% on conformation, 30% on quality and naturalness of gait, and 10% on appearance, grooming, and manners.

USEF Rule REGISTERED PASO FINO PERFORMANCE QUALIFYING GAITS AND CLASS SPECIFICATIONS: 1.

Collected Walk, which is an evenly-spaced four-beat gait, cadenced, straight, brisk, animated and rhythmic.

This gait is executed with collection, style, and brilliance. 2.

Collected Paso Corto, which is an evenly-spaced four-beat lateral gait with moderate forward speed and extension.

This gait is smooth, supple, cadenced, animated and brilliant, with the horse well collected, fully balanced, and exhibiting symmetry in flexion and extension.

The horse should demonstrate pride, style, elegance and enthusiasm, along with good manners and ready response. 3.

Collected Paso Largo, which is an evenly-spaced four-beat lateral gait.

This gait is smooth, balanced, collected, bold and animated, with rapid forward motion.

Extension and flexion must be harmonious with no tendency to become “light” on the front or “strung out” behind.

The horse should appear eager and willing to move out, and a definite change of speed from the Paso Corto to the Paso Largo must be observed, yet a willingness to reduce speed on command must be demonstrated.

All transitions between gaits should be performed evenly and smoothly.

An even, four-beat cadence must be maintained, together with style, presence, boldness, and brilliance.

Loss of form, cadence, or smoothness due to excessive speed shall be penalized. In this class, the horse should combine style and spirit along with obedience and good manners.

The horse should move out willingly, and stand quietly when requested. This class shall be judged: 30% on collected Paso Corto; 30% on collected Paso Largo; 10% on the Collected Walk; 20% on appearance, conformation and way of going; and 10% on manners.

Special attention shall be afforded to brilliance, form, smoothness, and rhythmic consistency of the gaits. PROCEDURES: The exhibitors will enter the ring to the right on the rail at a collected Paso Corto and circle the arena in a counterclockwise manner.

The sequence of gaits shall be: collected Paso Corto, collected Paso Largo, to show the marked difference in speed, collected Walk, reverse, and repeat. While executing the Collected Walk, entries should space themselves to avoid bunching up and maintain their relative positions on the rail.

In the collected Paso Corto and collected Paso Largo, entries shall maintain a position on the rail except to pass. A solid, ground level, continuous hard surface, allowing no more than one half-inch of space between the sounding board 48’ or longer may be used.

However, the judges may require horses to perform only the Paso Corto gait over the sounding board.

Judge(s) may call for a serpentine at a collected Paso Corto and/or a figure eight at a collected Paso Corto as requirements for a work-off of horses in close competition.

At a very minimum, a serpentine should consist of half circles with 180 degree turns. APPOINTMENTS: — The sequence of gaits shall be: collected Paso Corto, collected Paso Largo, to show the marked difference in speed, Collected Walk, reverse, and repeat.

While executing the Collected Walk, entries should space themselves to avoid bunching up and maintain their relative positions on the rail.

In the collected Paso Corto and collected Paso Largo, entries shall maintain a position on the rail except to pass.

Judge(s) may call for a serpentine at a Paso Corto and/or a figure eight at a Paso Corto as requirements of a work-off of horses in close competition. The horse should combine style and spirit along with obedience and good manners.

The horse should move out willingly, and stand quietly when requested. This class shall be judged: 30% on collected Paso Corto; 30% on collected Paso Largo; 10% on the Collected Walk; 20% on appearance, conformation and way of going; and 10% on manners.

Special attention shall be afforded to brilliance, form, smoothness, and rhythmic consistency of the gaits.

English type tack required.

The attire shall be the official Paso Fino show costume.

USEF Rule REGISTERED PASO FINO PLEASURE HORSES QUALIFYING GAITS AND CLASS SPECIFICATIONS: 1.

Flat Walk, which is a true, evenly-spaced four-beat, flat-footed, smooth gait executed with mild collection.

The horse’s head carriage is natural and relaxed. 2.

Paso Corto, which is a smooth, steady, unbroken, evenly-spaced four-beat lateral gait, rhythmic, executed with moderate extension and mild collection.

Forward speed is ground-covering but unhurried.

Movements should be fluid, willing, relaxed, balanced and free-moving.

The horse’s head carriage is natural and relaxed. 3.

Paso Largo.

Smooth, evenly-spaced four beat lateral gait, fluid, and rapid, showing no tendency to labor or become “strung out.” Collection is mild.

Both extension and rapidness of cadence are increased over the Paso Corto, and a definite change of speed must be observed.

The evenly-spaced four-beat cadence must be maintained at all times, and loss of cadence, form or smoothness due to excessive speed shall be penalized. This class is to demonstrate the more relaxed manner of movement of the Paso Fino horse.

Collection is mild, and gaits are especially suitable to trail and pleasure riding.

For this reason, manners and obedience of the horse are particularly important, and any indication of bad manners shall be heavily penalized.

The horse should be controlled with minimal restraint and the rider should appear to be enjoying himself.

Gait transitions should be made in a smooth, relaxed and willing manner, and the horse’s attitude should be calm, pleasant, and cooperative.

A horse that fights the bit, flattens its ears, or swishes its tail shall be penalized. The horse will be required to Flat Walk, Paso Corto, Paso Largo, line-up and back.

The back should be straight, calm and controlled, and refusal to back disqualifies the horse from placement.

Riders may not ride without stirrups. This class shall be judged: 25% on Paso Corto; 25% on Paso Largo; 10% on Flat Walk; and 40% on manners, conformation, attitude, and way of going. PROCEDURES: 1.

The exhibitors will enter the ring to the right on the rail at a Paso Corto and circle the arena in a counterclockwise manner.

The riders shall space themselves while executing the Flat Walk so as to avoid bunching up and shall maintain their relative positions on the rail.

In the Paso Corto and the Paso Largo, entries shall maintain a position on the rail except to pass. 2.

The sequence of gaits shall be: Paso Corto, Paso Largo, to demonstrate the marked difference in speed, Flat Walk, reverse and repeat. 3.

Each rider shall be asked to demonstrate the back from the line-up.

In the back, the horse shall maintain proper head position, show evidence of a good mouth, back in a straight line and be readily responsive.

At the judge(s)’ discretion, riders may be asked to perform individually.

The required test should show submissive manners, willingness and quiet temperament.

Some of the requests may be as follows: Dismount and remount from the left side, either in the line-up or along the rail, except in Youth Classes.

Rider’s style of dismount and mount is not to be emphasized; Perform a serpentine at the Paso Corto gait; Perform the Paso Corto gait over the sounding board; Back on the board; Back on the rail. Any combination of the above may be used for a work-off. APPOINTMENTS: The tack and headgear for the horses may be of any variety that would be appropriate and practical for pleasure riding, including without limitation on a side saddle and leather covered stirrups.

A bit is not required.

Metal is not permitted in, under, over or attached to the cavesson nosepieces and headrises, except for necessary buckles. Attire shall be in keeping with the type of tack used.

Where Western-style tack is used, riders shall dress as specified under requirements for Western attire at PF130 USEF Rule Book, with the exception that chaps or chinks are optional in this class.

Where English-style or Plantation-type tack is used, the rider’s attire shall consist of a long sleeved shirt, full-length trousers, tailored jacket or vest, hat and riding boots.

Riders that use English tack cannot wear chaps.

Sweater vests are not allowed.

A ties is optional.

Women riders may wear skirts, culottes, or gaucho pants that are long enough to cover the knees while seated in a saddle along with knee-high boots.

Sequins, glitter, or other similar reflective adornment is not allowed on any part of the pleasure attire.

Jeans and baseball-style hats are prohibited.

No part of the Official Paso Fino costume shall be allowed except for riding boots.

Exhibitors should remember that even though this is a Pleasure class, it is a horse show class and not just a ride for pleasure. REGISTERED PASO FINO PLEASURE HORSES – Adults 18 Yrs. & Over Horses to go in a more relaxed manner than in Performance Classes.

The sequence of gaits shall be: Paso Corto, Paso Largo, to demonstrate the marked difference in speed, Flat Walk, reverse and repeat.

Gait transitions should be made in a smooth, relaxed and willing manner, and the horse’s attitude should be calm, pleasant, and cooperative.

Each rider shall be asked to demonstrate the back from the line-up.

Refusal to back disqualifies the horse from placement.

Riders may not ride without stirrups.

At the judge(s)’ discretion, riders may be asked to perform individually any or all of the following: Dismount and remount from the left side, either in the line-up or along the rail, except in Youth Classes.

Rider’s style of dismount and mount is not to be emphasized; Perform a serpentine at the Paso Corto gait; Perform the Paso Corto gait over the sounding board; Back on the board; Back on the rail. Any combination of the above may be used for a work-off. This class shall be judged: 25% on Paso Corto; 25% on Paso Largo; 10% on Flat Walk; and 40% on manners, conformation, attitude, and way of going.

Attire shall be in keeping with the type of tack used.

USEF Rule REGISTERED PASO FINO PLEASURE YOUTH – 17 Yrs. & Under Safety Headgear: All riders twelve (12) years old and under are required to wear safety headgear (hard hat with chin strap).

Horses to go in a more relaxed manner than in Performance Classes.

The sequence of gaits shall be: Paso Corto, Paso Largo, to demonstrate the marked difference in speed, Flat Walk, reverse and repeat.

Gait transitions should be made in a smooth, relaxed and willing manner, and the horse’s attitude should be calm, pleasant, and cooperative.

Each rider shall be asked to demonstrate the back from the line-up.

Refusal to back disqualifies the horse from placement.

Riders may not ride without stirrups.

At the judge(s)’ discretion, riders may be asked to perform individually any or all of the following: Dismount and remount from the left side, either in the line-up or along the rail, except in Youth Classes.

Rider’s style of dismount and mount is not to be emphasized; Perform a serpentine at the Paso Corto gait; Perform the Paso Corto gait over the sounding board; Back on the board; Back on the rail. Any combination of the above may be used for a work-off. This class shall be judged: 25% on Paso Corto; 25% on Paso Largo; 10% on Flat Walk; and 40% on manners, conformation, attitude, and way of going.

Attire shall be in keeping with the type of tack used.

USEF Rule REGISTERED PASO FINO COUNTRY PLEASURE HORSES QUALIFYING GAITS AND CLASS SPECIFICATIONS: 1.

Flat Walk, which is a true, evenly spaced four-beat, flat-footed, smooth gait executed with mild collection.

The horse’s head carriage is natural and relaxed. 2.

Corto, which is an evenly-spaced four-beat lateral gait with the horse going forward with free and moderately extended steps.

The steps should be even and the whole movement balanced and unconstrained.

A definite change of speed from the flat walk must be observed.

The rider allows the horse, maintaining light contact on the reins, to carry his head somewhat in front of the vertical and allows him at the same time to lower his head and neck slightly.

The horse should demonstrate pride, style, and enthusiasm, along with good manners and ready response. 3.

Largo, which is an evenly-spaced longer strided four-beat lateral gait with considerably more speed than the Corto, but without extreme speed.

The whole movement should be well balanced and the transition from Corto should be fluidly executed.

A definite change of speed from the Paso Corto must be observed.

The rider allows the horse, while maintaining light contact on the reins without leaning or pulling against the reins, to lengthen his frame and to gain ground.

Extreme speed, loss of form, cadence or smoothness shall be penalized. The Paso Fino Country Pleasure Horse should be a calm, mild-mannered, safe, using pleasure horse maintaining balance, ease and freedom of movement.

It must demonstrate flawless manners.

It must be absolutely agreeable to the commands and directions of the rider.

It is imperative that the horse give the distinct appearance of being a pleasure to ride with emphasis on the flat walk and smooth transitions.

It must at all times work on a very light rein without resistance and, although it should be athletic, may be energetic, and should combine style and spirit.

It must at all times demonstrate a quiet, calm and extremely tractable attitude.

It must stand quietly and back readily when requested.

Horses indicating aggressiveness, over-collection or excessive animation shall be severely penalized. This class is open to amateurs and to horses who have not been in professional training for thirty (30) days before the show.

Cross entering in any other class is permitted. This class shall be judged: 20% on Flat Walk; 20% on Corto; 20% on Largo; 10% on the back; 10% on appearance and way of going; and 20% on manners.

Special attention shall be afforded to form, smoothness, rhythmic constancy of the gaits and tractable attitude. PROCEDURES: The exhibitors will enter the ring to the right of the rail at a Paso Corto, and circle the arena in a counterclockwise manner.

Sequence of gaits will be: Paso Corto, Paso Largo, Flat Walk, reverse and repeat, then line up.

When requested by the Judge(s), the rider will back the horse out of the line up, dismount from the left side, walk around to the front of the horse checking the headgear and/or bridle appointments, then remount from the right side and return to the line up.

Rider’s style of dismount and mount is not to be emphasized; rather, emphasis is placed on the horse’s willingness to back in a calm controlled manner and to stand quietly. While executing all gaits, entries should space themselves to avoid bunching up and maintain their relative positions on the rail except to pass. APPOINTMENTS: The tack and attire are to be appropriate for Paso Pleasure Class, at all times neat, clean and in good taste.

Bits are not required in the Paso Fino Country Pleasure Class.

The tack and headgear for the horses may be of any variety that would be appropriate and practical for pleasure riding. Attire shall be in keeping with the type of tack used.

Where Western-style tack is used, riders shall dress as specified under requirements for Western attire described at PF130 USEF Rule Book with the exception that chaps or chinks are optional in this class.

Where English-style or Plantation-type tack is used, the rider’s attire shall consist of a long sleeved shirt, full length trousers, tailored jacket or vest, hat and riding boots.

Riders who use English tack cannot wear chaps.

Sweater vests are not allowed.

A tie is optional.

Women riders may wear skirts, culottes or gaucho pants that are long enough to cover the knees while seated in a saddle along with knee-high boots.

Jeans and baseball-style hats are prohibited.

No part of the official Paso Fino costume shall be allowed except for riding boots.

Exhibitors should remember that even though this is a Paso Country Pleasure Class, it is a horse show class and not just a ride for pleasure.

USEF Rule REGISTERED PASO FINO COUNTRY PLEASURE HORSES – Open The sequence of gaits shall be: Paso Corto, Paso Largo, Flat Walk, reverse and repeat, then line up.

When requested by the Judge(s) the rider will back the horse out of the line up, dismount from the left side, walk around to the front of the horse checking the headgear and/or bridle appointments, then remount from the right side and return to the line up.

Rider’s style of dismount and mount is not to be emphasized; rather, emphasis is placed on the horse’s willingness to back in a calm controlled manner and to stand quietly. This class shall be judged: 20% on Flat Walk; 20% on Corto; 20% on Largo; 10% on the back; 10% on appearance and way of going; and 20% on manners.

Special attention shall be afforded to form, smoothness, rhythmic constancy of the gaits and tractable attitude.

USEF Rule — 1.

To be ridden by amateurs or professionals, as specified by show management.

English tack and attire to be used. 2.

This horse should display the manners, quality, and suitability of the true easy riding pleasure horse of trail and road quality with a more relaxed and less animated way of going than the heavy shod horses and must possess a cadenced head motion (nod) with a four-beat gait.

The four-beat gait must be performed by this horse and the horse must display a willing and alert attitude.

Racking, pacing, trotting, or any variation of the true walking gait must be penalized. 3.

Horse will be shown at a flat walk and running walk and must stand quietly and back readily.

NSHC Rule REG.

TWH WESTERN PLANTATION PLEASURE LITE SHOD (NO CANTER) – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings 1.

Entry shall reflect suitability for the Tennessee Walking Horse as a western working horse, exhibiting the qualities suitable for ranch work.

The western pleasure horse works quietly, exhibiting an exceptional smooth, comfortable ride without excessive action or animation. 2.

A good western pleasure horse should have a balanced flowing motion with a free and easy gait.

The horse should be ridden on a loose rein and should exhibit a true four-beat walking gait with a cadenced head motion (nod).

The head should be natural, either excessively nosed out or over-flexed at the poll.

The head should not be high but should exhibit the type of head carriage a Tennessee Walking Horse used as a Western working horse. 3.

Reins must be held in one hand and cannot be changed during performance.

When using split reins, a hand around the reins or index finger between the reins is permitted, but the free hand is not allowed to touch the reins. 4.

The entries shall be shown at a flat walk and running walk both ways of the ring. 5.

Judge may call for a halt on the rail to test for quietness.

Horse must stand quietly on the rail and in the line up and back freely when asked.

Horse should back freely with mouth closed.

Horse may be asked to back clear of the line up and perform a 360° turn right or left. 6.

If a horse does not stand quietly on the rail or in the line up he must be penalized.

If a western horse is two-handed at any time, he must be penalized.

Exception: bosal or ring snaffle may be used with two hands on horses four (4) years old or younger.

NSHC Rule REG.

TWH LITE SHOD PLANTATION PLEASURE – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings 1.

This horse should display the true qualities and manners of a true pleasure horse suitable for the trail or road use and should go in a more relaxed and less animated way than the heavy shod horses and must possess a cadenced head motion (nod) on a light rein. 2.

The four-beat gait must be performed by the horse and the horse must display a willing and alert attitude.

Racking, pacing, trotting, or any variation of the true walking gait must be penalized. 3.

The lite shod horse is to be shown at the flat walk, running walk, flat walk, and canter both ways of the ring.

Any excessive pumping of the hands and reins at the canter must be penalized. 4.

The lite shod horse must stand quietly and back readily on command. 5.

Any standard walking horse bit may be used, however, severe bits are discouraged and bits with shanks exceeding 9 1/2” are prohibited. 6.

English tack and appointments are required.

NHSC Rule Reg.

TWH Western Plantation Pleasure Lite Shod (Canter) – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings 1.

Entry shall reflect suitability for the Tennessee Walking Horse as a western working horse, exhibiting the qualities suitable for ranch work.

The western pleasure horse works quietly, exhibiting an exceptional smooth, comfortable ride without excessive action or animation. 2.

A good western pleasure horse should have a balanced flowing motion with a free and easy gait.

The horse should be ridden on a loose rein and should exhibit a true four-beat walking gait with a cadenced head motion (nod).

The head should be natural, neither excessively nosed out or overflexed at the poll.

The head should not be high but should exhibit the type of head carriage a Tennessee Walking Horse used as a Western working horse. 3.

Reins must be held in one hand and cannot be changed during performance.

When using split reins, a hand around the reins or index finger between the reins is permitted, but the free hand is not allowed to touch the reins. 4.

The entries shall be shown at a flat walk, running walk, flat walk, and canter in that sequence, both ways of the ring. 5.

Judge may call for a halt on the rail to test for quietness.

Horse must stand quietly on the rail and in the line up and back freely when asked.

Horse should back freely with mouth closed.

Horse may be asked to back clear of the line up and perform a 360 degree turn right or left. NHSC Rule — YA SHOWMANSHIP – 18 Yrs. & Under – Horse or Pony – English or Western – Mares & Geldings Only (Strongly recommend class be divided 10 Yrs. & Under, 11-13 Yrs., and 14-18 Yrs.

Inclusive.) (Three [3] year-end high point awards.) To be judged on (1) grooming and fitting of horse, (2) appearance and grooming of showman, (3) presentation of horse and showmanship skills displayed in the ring.

When diagonal gait is called for in pattern, appropriate lateral gait will be accepted based on breed standards. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule ATTENTION ANNOUNCER: Please ask the audience not to clap or make noise during Walk-Trot classes – wait until the class has been judged. (“Spotters” are required in walk-trot classes.

These should be responsible knowledgeable horse people over the age of 16 years.

Number of “spotters” to be determined by ring conditions and number of entries in class.

Parents may be utilized. “Spotters” are not permitted to converse or coach while in the ring.

No action must be taken by these “spotters” unless an emergency situation arises.) YA PONY & HORSE LEAD-IN EQUITATION – 6 Yrs. & Under – Mares & Geldings Only English or Western tack and attire permitted.

No side saddles permitted.

NO COSTUMES. The leaders shall be adult or child and shall not be considered in judging.

Animal should be led on a loose rein.

To be judged on rider’s seat and hands 60%; manners of animal 20%; general suitability of animal to rider, appropriate attire and equipment 20%.

No stallions permitted.

To be shown both ways of the ring at a walk.

Do not line up head to tail.

Both rider and leader must be members of COSCA to be eligible for points. (No money to be paid in this class.) Spurs and ropes are optional.

Chaps are optional.

Nosebands not permitted with Western tack.

Must be shown without artificial appliances (ie tiedowns, overchecks, tapederos, etc.).

Whips or bats allowed, but the length must not exceed 25”, plus a 4” cracker, or a total of 29”. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule NOTE: This class will not count toward the YA All Around Awards. YA WALK-TROT EQUITATION – 10 Yrs. & Under – Horse or Pony – English or Western – Mares & Geldings Only English or Western tack and attire.

Side saddles not permitted.

Must be shown without artificial appliances (ie tiedowns, overchecks, tapederos, etc.).

Whips or bats allowed, but the length must not exceed 25”, plus a 4” cracker, or a total of 29”.

Once a rider has shown at a COSCA show (whether or not a point class), in a walk, trot and canter class, the rider is no longer eligible to compete in this class. Class must be worked the full size of the ring or arena.

Do not line up head to tail.

Rider only to be judged.

To be judged at the walk and trot on hands and seat.

May be asked to back in line up. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule YA WALK-TROT PLEASURE – 10 Yrs. & Under – Horse or Pony – English or Western – Mares & Geldings Only English or Western tack and attire.

Must be shown without artificial appliances (ie tiedowns, overchecks, tapederos, etc.).

Whips or bats allowed, but the length must not exceed 25”, plus a 4” cracker, or a total of 29”.

Once a rider has shown at a COSCA show (whether or not a point class), in a walk, trot, and canter class, the rider is no longer eligible to compete in this class. Class must be worked the full size of the ring or arena.

Do not line up head to tail.

Horses to work both ways of the ring at a flat walk, and square even trot.

May be asked to back in line up.

To be judged 60% on manners and performance; 40% suitability, quality, and soundness. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule YA WALK-TROT EQUITATION – 11 to 18 Yrs.

Inclusive – Horse or Pony – Mares & Geldings Only English or Western tack and attire.

Side saddles not permitted.

Must be shown without artificial appliances (ie tiedowns, overchecks, tapederos, etc.).

Whips or bats allowed, but the length must not exceed 25”, plus a 4” cracker, or a total of 29”.

Once a rider has shown at a COSCA show (whether or not a point class), in a walk, trot, and canter class, the rider is no longer eligible to compete in this class. Class must be worked the full size of the ring or arena.

Do not line up head to tail.

Rider only to be judged.

To be judged at the walk and trot on hands and seat.

May be asked to back in line up. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule YA WALK-TROT PLEASURE – 11 to 18 Yrs.

Inclusive – Horse or Pony – Mares & Geldings Only English or Western tack and attire.

Must be shown without artificial appliances (ie tiedowns, overchecks, tapederos, etc.).

Whips or bats allowed, but the length must not exceed 25”, plus a 4” cracker, or a total of 29”.

Once a rider has shown at a COSCA show (whether or not a point class), in a walk, trot, and canter class, the rider is no longer eligible to compete in this class. Class must be worked the full size of the ring or arena.

Do not line up head to tail.

Horses or ponies to work both ways of the ring at a flat walk and square, even trot.

May be asked to back in line up.

To be judged 60% on manners and performance; 40% suitability, quality, and soundness. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule YA WESTERN HORSEMANSHIP – 18 Yrs. & Under – Horse or Pony – Mares & Geldings Only (It is strongly recommend that this class be divided by ages 13 Yrs. & Under and 14-18 Yrs.

Inclusive.) (Year-end high point awards will be awarded by above divided ages.) (a) All entries will enter ring for rail work.

After completion of rail work the judge(s) may only choose to use the top 7 riders for pattern work if judge(s) feels individual pattern work is necessary.

Other riders can remain in the ring.

To be judged 100% on rail work unless pattern work is called for.

When pattern work is used, class will be judged 50% on rail work and 50% on pattern work. NOTE: Patterns are preferred for horsemanship classes.

If pattern work is used, once completed, the whole class, or just the finalists must work at all three gaits at least one direction of the ring. (b) The horsemanship class is to determine the riding ability of the rider and the judge(s) will bear this in mind at all times. Judging: Rail work to be judged at the walk, jog, and lope, both ways of the ring. Saddle must fit rider. Good hands are paramount. All movements of the horse should be governed by the use of imperceptible aids.

Exaggerated shifting of the rider’s weight is not desirable. Results as shown by performance of the horse are not to be considered more important than the method used in obtaining them.

Consideration shall be given as to the size of the rider. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule

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Other Sources:

  • Horse Bridles – Dover Saddlery
  • About Horses – Care – Riding – Driving – Safety
  • A pony and a horse mating – YouTube
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