10 This hand-drawn map of the area around Beersheba shows the situation of the battle at 4.30 pm, shortly before the historic light horse charge. AWM G7501 S65 G2 “The great ride”: Romani to Damscus | Nigel Steel 11 A light horseman camped on a hillside in the hot and inhospitable Jordan Valley during July 1918. AWM J05984 1 This complex series of events is succinctly summarised in the relevant sections of M.E.
Yapp, The making of the modern Middle East 1792–1923 (Harlow: Longman, 1987). 2 See Denis Winter, 25 April 1915 (St Lucia: Queensland University Press, 1994), pp. 4–5. 3 4 The most detailed account of Chauvel’s achievements during the war is given in Alec Hill, Chauvel of the Light Horse (Carlton: University of Melbourne Press, 1978). 5 Comprehensive accounts of the actions of the Australian Light Horse appear in H.S.
Gullett, The Australian Imperial Force in Sinai and Palestine 1914–1918 (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1923).
Outline summaries are given by C.E.W.
Bean, ANZAC to Amiens (Canberra: Australian War Memorial, 1946). 7 There remains some division of opinion over the purpose of the attacks on Amman and Es Salt, which are often characterised simply as “raids”.
Hill, Chauvel of the Light Horse, is particularly interesting in his accounts of the operations. 8 Gullett, AIF in Sinai and Palestine, (p. 728), also describes a meeting between Allenby and Chauvel three days earlier.
After discussing the success of the Desert Mounted Corps since 19 September, Allenby abruptly asked, “What about Damascus?” Chauvel, who never wasted his words, replied: “Rather”.’ The events of this key episode of the war in the Middle East and the personalities involved, particularly at GHQ in Cairo, are fully laid out in the initial chapters of Section II, Jeremy Wilson, Lawrence of Arabia: the authorized biography of T.E.
Lawrence (New York: Atheneum, 1990). Allenby’s conduct of the war, as well as many of the key strategic issues relating to the final part of the war against the Ottoman Empire, is discussed by Matthew Hughes, Allenby and British strategy in the Middle East 1917–1919 (London: Frank Cass, 1999).
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