went on to become an influential mare in the American White breeding programs of Karen Wales (Westwind).
Sea Foam did produce whites when bred to purebred Arabians, but in a personal conversation with Ms.
Wales, I was told that whites were “very difficult” to breed for, and that they did not produce anything like 50%, which would be expected if the horses were indeed Dominant White.
More recently, a white stallion — Boomori Simply Stunning — was registered in Australia.
Like many white horses, he wasn’t completely white at birth (he had chestnut on the ears and poll) although most people considered him white.
His first owner claimed that he shed out entirely white, but more recently he has developed chestnut “ticking” in his coat and has chestnut hairs in his tail.
He is registered as a sabino, which is probably quite accurate.
As of 1994, he had produced five white foals, but three of them displayed birth defects and were euthanized.
Of the remaining two, one was born with chestnut on the poll and ears, and the other was white with chestnut on the poll, ears, and body.
Both fillies shed out mostly white, and have dark eyes.
Simply Stunning’s 100% color production rate is highly unusual, but the numbers are too small to tell how he will breed.
It should be noted that Simply Stunning is 100% Crabbet — a breeding group known to produce the high white associated with the sabino pattern.
Boomori Simply Stunning, 1989 white Arabian stallion Chip Chase Kaiwanna Crown Jewel Silver Spot (Riffal x Royal Radiance) Kai (Rapier x Browe Anne) Indian Jewel (Raktha x Indian Pride) Browne Anne (Electric Silver x Riffalani) American Shetlands The breeding program of Stan Riemenschneider (WaFull) produced two white ponies in 1983, both of which were closely related.
The first of these was Wa-Full Sweetheart, by Chip’s Casey and out of Wa-Full Queen, a chestnut sabino roan.
The second was Wa-Full Snowbird, who was by Wa-Full Prince Gale and out of Masters Golden Surprise.
Prince Gale was a chestnut sabino roan, and Masters Golden Surprise was also the dam of WaFull Queen.
The same breeding program also produced the white stallion Queen’s King VB, but I don’t know any more about him or his breeding — from his name he may have been out of Wa-Full Queen as well. [Ed – he was unrelated to her, but was of sabino breeding.] Draft Breeds In 1989, a white Shire colt was born in England to Celtic What’s Wanted and Beechway Gay Fashion, both bays.
Unfortunately, I have no more information on him or his breeding, though the sabino pattern is certainly common in the breed. When sabino was prevalent in the Walking Horse breed, there was a high percentage of white horses.
Pictured here is the 1954 World Grand Champion White Star. It is even more common in Clydesdales, and a number of white foals (or nearly white) have been registered.
What is even more surprising is that there are not more whites registered, since almost all Clydesdales are sabino patterned to some degree (and many are quite extreme).
In Walking Horses, which were also predominantly sabino in the 1930s and 1940s, there were several hundred white horses registered.
Whether Clydesdales are not producing whites, or whether breeders find them undesirable and do not claim or register them, is not known.
Tennessee Walking Horses As stated before, several hundred white horses were registered in the first seven volumes of the stud books, when the breed was predominantly sabino.
It wasn’t unusual then to see stallion ads that proclaimed a stallion’s ability to produce mostly “roan or white” colts.
There was even a white World Grand Champion in 1954, Garnier’s White Star, who was also one of the few mares to even achieve the title.
Eventually the fashion changed, and blacks and unmarked bays became popular, and many of the roan (sabino) lines were lost.
Today the color is making a comeback with the offspring of 1981 WGC The Pusher, who is a black sabino, and occasional white horses are being seen again.
Garnier’s White Star, 1949 white Walking Horse mare Sir MauGray Crain’s Merry Lady Wilson’s Allen (Roan Allen x Birdie Messick) Maude Grey (Roan Allen x Minnie Black) Merry Boy (Roan Allen x Merry Legs) Beach’s Black Beauty (Trouble x Molly Barron) The Dutch mare Sneeuwwitje, with her nearly white foal.
Notice the darker areas on the foal’s foretop and topline so typical of extremely marked sabinos.
Famous “White” Horses That Weren’t There have also been several famous white horses that weren’t white at all, sabino white or otherwise.
In most cases, these horses were just misidentified, but there were usually circumstances that did make it easier to mistake their true color.
The first of these is MS Czarthan, an Arabian stallion foaled in 1967.
He was born white, but had dark skin by several accounts (in photos he does appear pink-skinned, but these can be misleading).
He was by Uson and out of Rosanka, which were both grey, and he himself sired several grey foals from non-grey mares, so it was clear that he did have the greying gene.
Some have theorized that for him the greying process was accelerated, so that he effectively “greyed in utero”.
It should be noted that while he may not have been a white horse (or sabino white), it would be possible for a sabino white to also be a genetic grey, since sabino whites are simply pintos that are “all marking”.
The dark areas that would normally exist on a pinto aren’t visible, or are very minimal, so determining the base color would be difficult.
If the horse had the grey gene as well, those minimal dark areas would simply fade away with time, leaving no evidence that they were dark, or that they greyed out! Another famous white horse was the Morgan stallion Chingadero.
In a detailed article his breeding was published in the Morgan Horse in February 1988.
Registered as white, his breeding, and the color of his offspring, indicate that he was actually a perlino.
His dam, Haager, was a buckskin.
His sire, Ketchum, was listed as chestnut, but he produced seven horses — three black, two palomino, one buckskin and Chingadero – The known sabinos in White Star’s pedigree have been italicized.
Although the Walking Horse is often cited by geneticists as a breed that contains Dominant Whites, I have yet to find a white Walking Horse that wasn’t the product of sabino breeding and that didn’t breed as a sabino.
Warmbloods The sabino gene was quite common in the Gelderlander (with the exception of the Friesian, most of the Dutch horses are quite colorful), and there have been at least two white foals in the Gelderlander.
The first was born in the 1920s by the stallion Colonel (“ticked chestnut with four socks”) and out of the sabino mare Dartha, but I do not have the foal’s name nor do I know if it was registered.
More recently, there was the mare Sneeuwwitje (1961).
She was mated to solid colored stallions, and produced three white foals, one “roan” and two solid foals.
There have been other Dutch whiteborns, which are pictured in Wiersma’s Het Paard in Zijn Kleurenrijkdoom.
Unfortunately, while I have a copy of this book, I cannot translate the Dutch. making it likely he was misregistered and was actually a palomino.
Ketchum’s dam was chestnut, and his sire was black, and it is through that black sire that it is though that he inherited the palomino color, since black can mask the palomino gene.
Chingadero himself produced ninety-two black foals, four palominos, and thirty-one buckskins.
The fact that he produced buckskins from chestnut mares indicates that he was a perlino (bay) rather then a cremello (chestnut).
He did not produce any white (or pinto) offspring.
The white Connemara stallion Marconi was also a perlino.
Although there is a great deal of prejudice against “white” Connemaras now, in 1957 he won the prestigious Carew Cup as a yearling before being exported to the United States.
He was blue-eyed, and his sire was the buckskin stallion Mac Dara.
His dam Wireless Wave was grey, but photos show the mare with a very greyed-out body with almost black points, which is quite typical of buckskins that have gone grey.
Her pedigree was unrecorded, but it would not be unusual for her to have had the buckskin gene, since the color is very common in the Irish ponies.
Given the breeding records of the aforementioned “white” horses, I have come to wonder if Dominant White really does exist.
But it is clear that even if it does, the majority of white-born horses are probably sabino whites.
If you have more information on any of the horses mentioned in this article, or other white-borns, please contact the author.
Lesli Kathman, 4700 Lone Tree Ct., Charlotte, NC 28269 or
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