8½” maximum The correct measure of overall bit length is a vertical line from the upper-most part of headstall slot to the center of the rein ring. 7 Horses 5 years of age or younger may be ridden in a snaffle or bosal.
For horses 6 years old or more, a curb bit is highly preferred.
Members showing horses 6 or older in a snaffle or bosal must have a performance significantly better than a member showing a 6-year-old or older horse in a curb bit to be placed above them.
Horses 6 and older shown in a snaffle or bosal may be ineligible for top county awards (at local discretion).
In Washington, such horses shall be ineligible to advance to state 4-H competitions.
In Idaho, such horses shall be ineligible to advance to district, regional, or state 4-H competitions.
In Oregon, these horses are eligible for the state fair.
Misrepresentation/falsification of a horse’s age is grounds for immediate disqualification of that exhibitor from the 4-H event and subsequent disciplinary action by local Extension personnel up to or including dismissal from the 4-H program.
Optional Tack and Equipment Hobbles, a lariat or riata, and breast collars are optional.
Spurs, if worn, must be used properly and western type.
Tie-downs, martingales, draw-reins, nosebands, splint boots, bell boots, bandages, etc., are NOT allowed, except in western games.
Splint boots, bell boots, and other protective gear may be allowed in medal, green horse, or other county classes. Hunt Seat & Dressage Hunt seat or dressage equipment and clothing may be used appropriately in showmanship, driving, hunt seat equitation, equitation over fences, trail, ground training, dressage, and bareback.
Required: • Ratcatcher, long-sleeved tailored shirt, or a turtleneck (shirts tucked in and closed at the neck) • Hunt coat if short-sleeved ratcatcher is worn • Pants, breeches, or jodhpurs • Tall hunt boots or jodhpur boots • ASTM/SEI equestrian-approved helmet Optional: • Hunt coat (conservative colors) • Spurs, if used, must be English type and used appropriately.
In dressage, rowels must be free to rotate • Half-chaps • Gloves (any traditional color allowed) Not allowed: • Spurs in showmanship or driving Saddle The type of English saddle used is optional; however, a saddle seat-type English saddle or a western saddle is prohibited.
Stirrup safety bars must be in the open position in equitation over fences. 8 Bridle & Bit An English bridle with cavesson is required.
Sidepulls and bit converters are not allowed.
A snaffle, pelham, kimberwick, full double bridle, or any other English-type bit appropriate for the seat may be used.
Double twisted wire and gag bits are not allowed.
Dropped, flash, and figure-8 nosebands are allowed in dressage and hunt seat equitation over fences, but no other flat classes.
Optional Breastplates or breast collars and saddle pads are optional.
Martingales and any type of boots are not permitted in flat classes but are allowed in equitation over fences.
Whips or crops may be no longer than 36” for hunt seat.
Specific to Dressage An English bridle made entirely of leather or leather-like material (except for buckles) is mandatory.
In Intro.–2nd levels, a plain smooth snaffle bit is required.
For appropriate bits for 3rd level and up, refer to USEF dressage rules.
See the 4-H Dressage Manual, PNW608, for types of acceptable bits.
The mouthpiece of any bit must be metal or rigid plastic and may be covered with rubber.
Flexible rubber bits are not permitted.
Whips or crops may be no longer than 48” for dressage.
Strictly forbidden, under penalty of elimination, are martingales, bit guards, accessories (bearing, side, running, or balancing reins), any type of boots (including “easy boots”), bandages, any form of blinkers, ear muffs or plugs, nose covers, seat covers, and hoods. Saddle Seat Saddle seat equipment and clothing may be used appropriately in showmanship, saddle seat equitation, trail, ground training, bareback, and driving.
Required: • Long-sleeved tailored shirt, or short-sleeved shirt if wearing a coat • Tie • Jodhpur boots (short) • ASTM/SEI equestrian-approved helmet • Pants or Kentucky jodhpurs Optional: • Saddle suit may be worn, but must be of conservative colors and will not be given preference by the judge • Spurs, if used, must be English type and in mounted classes only • Whip no longer than 48,” including lash • Gloves, a four-in-hand tie, and a flower in the lapel are traditional, but not required 9 Saddle A saddle seat-type saddle is required.
Dressage, hunt type, all purpose, and western saddles are prohibited.
Breast collars are optional.
Bridle & Bit(s) A full double bridle (curb and bridoon), pelham, or breed-appropriate bit is required.
Martingales and tie-downs are prohibited. Contest Guidelines Show Classes Any or all of the classes listed in this guide may be offered at a show or fair where 4-H classes are conducted.
At pre-fairs, county fairs, or any state qualifying event, showmanship is required.
Class Priorities When management must choose between equitation and pleasure classes, equitation classes must take priority.
For example, western equitation and bareback equitation must be offered before western pleasure.
If entries warrant, saddle seat or hunter seate quitation must be offered before english pleasure classes.
If entries warrant, it is recommended that all shows offer at least 2 equitation classes and a showmanship class; for example, western equitation, bareback equitation, and showmanship.
Ribbons and Awards 4-H uses the Danish system of awards in which every contestant receives an award: a flat blue, red, white, or participation ribbon.
Trophies, rosettes, and other special recognition may be awarded in addition.
The standard breakdown for ribbons is blue award, 85–100; red award, 70–84; white award, 69 and below.
Disqualified riders may receive a white or participation ribbon.
The system may also be modified in classes that do not follow the same 100-point system or scoring criteria.
These classes may include dressage, trail, and western games.
Participation Show management may invite participation from 4-H clubs outside the county or limit participation to 4-H members from its own county.
This should be stated on the entry form. 10 Performance Guidelines Showmanship Scoring 100 points total Member Neat and clean, properly dressed, prompt and alert, confident (poised), courteous…….. 25% Animal & equipment Animal clean and brushed, in good condition, feet cared for.
Halter and lead fitted, equipment clean and safe. ……………………………………………………………………….. 25% Showing the animal Following directions, leading, turning, standing, backing, stopping, showing to advantage, controlling on lead and in line, attention in line. ……………………………….. 50%
Read more about Jodhpurs : Required Ratcatcher long sleeved tailored shirt or a turtleneck shirts….: