Kicking, biting, bucking, rearing, or striking

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GIFT VOUCHER Horses-store.com Kicking, biting, bucking, rearing, or striking

Western Riding Horses are judged on lead changes, gaits, and responsiveness to cues, manners, and disposition while completing a pattern.

It is not a timed event but should be performed with reasonable speed indicating a quick, comfortable, and pleasant ride.

Horses should be well-mannered, sensible, and exhibit free and easy movement.

Preference will be given to flying lead changes between markers.

Simple lead changes are considered a break in gait and will be penalized.

Exhibitors compete one at a time. • The distance between markers in the pattern may be altered if local conditions necessitate the change.

Markers shall be placed parallel to, and at least 10 feet from the wall of an arena, and these markers should be separated by a uniform distance of not less than 30 feet and not more than 50 feet. Note: Please refer to http://4-H.uwyo.edu for patterns, courses, and reference scoring materials. Tie-Down roping Tie-down roping allows a rider to demonstrate his/her ability to maneuver and control a horse at higher speeds and still maintain his/her ability to maneuver and perform a secondary task while mounted, correctly dismount to perform another task, and work as a team with his or her horse while dismounted.

Flexibility, speed, quickness, agility, and teamwork between roper and horse are key factors to successfully complete the event. • • This class is only open to Senior riders.

This is a timed event with a 30-second time limit, and a maximum of two loop throws are permitted.

If the calf is caught, time is permitted to continue up to a maximum of one minute.

It is recommended the judge/ring steward/flagger be on horseback to help determine barrier breakage, legal catches, or other rule assessments.

If any part of the barrier fails to work and such failure results in disadvantage to the roper, he or she may immediately request “calf over” (also known as a re-run).

This request may or may not be granted, and the decision is at the discretion of the barrier judge.

Once a calf is roped, no roper will receive “calf over” because of equipment failure.

The horse must start from behind a barrier.

A 10-second penalty will be added to the time for breaking the barrier.

The contestant shall not 31 • Please refer to age-appropriate patterns, courses, and reference scoring materials online at http://4-H.uwyo.

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Performance Faults (these will lead to a deduction in point[s] but not disqualification): 1.

Releasing or not completing the gait. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Touching the saddle or horse with either hand.

Opening the mouth excessively and raising the head on maneuvers or stops.

Kicking, biting, bucking, rearing, or striking.

Stumbling or breaking gaits, including simple lead changes.

Freezing up in a maneuver, refusing a maneuver, or backing sideways. • 12 7. 8. 9. Refusing to change leads, performing circles out of lead, or cross-cantering.

Failing to pass specified markers before initiating stops.

Anticipating rider signals or cues. • are permitted.

It is recommended the judge/ ring steward/flagger be on horseback to help determine barrier breakage, legal catches, and other rule assessments.

The horse must start from behind a barrier.

A 10-second penalty will be added to the time for breaking the barrier.

The contestant shall not attempt to rope a calf until the barrier flag has been dropped.

Any attempt by a contestant to position his or her horse behind the barrier in such a position that would enable the contestant to rope the calf without leaving the barrier or starting box shall be considered a disqualification.

Contestants are permitted to use two ropes if they intend to throw a second loop upon missing with the first throw (rebuilding or recoiling the first rope for a second throw will not be permitted).

The rope(s) is to be tied to the saddle horn by a string in such a manner as to allow the rope to be released from the horn when the calf is caught and reaches the end of the rope.

A visible cloth or flag must be attached to the end of the rope tied to the saddle horn to make it easier for the flagger/judge to see it break free (hence the name Breakaway Roping).

The time of each run shall start with the drop of the flag at the barrier and end with the break of the rope string from the saddle horn, or it will end with the passage of 30 seconds (without a catch) after the drop of the flag at the barrier.

In the case of the latter, “no time” will be given to the contestant.

The contestant shall also receive “no time” if he or she should break the rope from the horn by hand or touch the rope or tie string after the catch is made.

If the rope dallies or will not break when the calf reaches the end of it, the contestant shall receive “no time.” 30 10.

Dropping a rein. 11.

Spurring in front of a cinch. 12.

Knocking over a marker or missing the log. 13.

Failure to complete an exact pattern. 14.

A fall to the ground by a horse or rider. Hunt Seat Equitation Hunt Seat Equitation is an English performance in which all exhibitors enter the ring and work the pattern individually or each exhibitor may be worked from the gate individually.

A rider is being judged on his or her ability to make a horse perform a set of maneuvers prescribed in a pattern that has been posted in advance while exhibiting poise, confidence, and maintaining a balanced, functional, and fundamentally correct body position.

Judging emphasis shall be placed upon feet, seat, hands, and responsive performance of a horse.

This event demonstrates the rider’s ability to perform various maneuvers in harmony with the horse.communication between the rider and horse should be obvious to observers and give the impression of unity.

The patterns used for Junior and Intermediate riders may only include the following maneuvers: 1.

Performance on the rail. • — Reining classes allow contestants the opportunity to display the willful guidance and control of their horses while performing the maneuvers outlined in the prescribed pattern.

Credit will be given for fluency, attitude, quickness, and authority in performing the various maneuvers using controlled speed.

In reining classes, each contestant performs the pattern one at a time and separately. • Note: Please refer to http://4-H.uwyo.edu for ageappropriate patterns, courses, and reference scoring materials. 17 26 Contestants enter the ring and compete one at a time. • This event is for Intermediate and Senior members because of physical maturity and skill sets.

Goat Tying is a timed event with a 30-second time limit.

Time shall begin when a horse’s nose crosses the start line.

Time will stop when the contestant releases the tie by hoisting both hands high in the air (contestant must then step back 3feet from the goat and will be disqualified for retouching the goat or tie after signaling for time).

Time will also stop after passage of 30 seconds (without a successful goat tie) from the horse crossing the start line; in this case, a “no time” shall be given to the contestant.

The starting line shall be at least 100 feet from the stake holding a 10-foot rope used to secure the goat.

A rider dismounts, catches the goat, then crosses and ties together at least three legs of the goat using a leather thong, pigging string, or rope.

After the legs are tied, the contestant must stand clear of the goat.

The goat must remain tied for at least five seconds.

Failure to do so will result in a 10-second penalty assessment.

If the contestant’s horse crosses over the goat or the rope holding the goat, or if the contestant’s horse comes in contact with the rope or goat at any time, a 10-second penalty will be assessed.

If the goat should break away because of the fault of the horse while the contestant is mounted (contestant is considered mounted until he or she has both feet on the ground), a “no time” will be assigned. Performance Faults (these will lead to a deduction in point[s], but not disqualification): 1.

Spurring in front of the cinch. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Touching of the saddle or horse with either hand.

Opening mouth excessively.

Kicking, biting, bucking, rearing, or striking.

Stumbling.

Breaking gait.

Freezing up in a maneuver or refusing a maneuver.

Refusing to change leads or performing circles out of lead or cross-cantering.

Raising the head on stops. • 10.

Lacking smooth and straight stops on haunches. 11.

Failing to pass specified markers before initiating stops. 12.

Knocking over markers. 13.

Under-spinning or over-spinning. 14.

Backing sideways. 15.

Anticipating rider signals or cues. 16.

Dropping a rein. 17.

A fall to the ground by a horse or rider. 18.

Failure to complete an exact pattern.

Note: Please refer to http://4-H.uwyo.edu for ageappropriate patterns, courses, and reference scoring materials. • • • 25 18

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    Horses-Store.com - Kicking, biting, bucking, rearing, or striking