HORSEMEN’S CORRAL • 2012 OCHA YEARBOOK 17 Equine Nutrition for the Performance Horse Provided by Buckeye® Nutrition Equine nutrition requirements vary with the amount and severity of the activity the performance horse is asked to do.
The chart below lists some of the various levels and amounts.
As the intensity of work increases so does the nutrition requirements. overloaded with soluble carbohydrates.
Overload results in the undigested starch going to the hindgut where it is fermented which can lead to acidosis, diarrhea, dehydration, and laminitis. Fats Safer Energy for Performance Fats are safer and more preferred source energy.
As horses train and become more physically fit their bodies will naturally metabolize the fats into complex carbohydrates which are safer than the Levels of Activity Duration/Work Description of sample soluble carbohydrates.
This Light work 1-3 hours per week Mostly walking safer form of energy also improves skin and hair coat as Moderate work 3-5 hours per week Like school/lesson horses well as keeping the horse more Heavy work 4-5 hours per week More strenuous speed, jump, even tempered.
Soluble carbohydrates can result in polo horses low to medium level temporary short spurts of event training, more intense energy and thereby jumpier Strenuous 6-12 hours each week Racehorses and elite event training behavior.
Metabolism of fats also produces less heat and therefore delays the lactate build up which can help postpone Dangers of Excessive Soluble Carbohydrates fatigue allowing the horse to work longer.
Because of the Energy, as derived from soluble carbohydrates or starch and energy concentration in fats one can feed less and therefore sugars, are found mainly in grains like corn and sweeteners lower the gut fill, resulting in a reduction of the amount of such as molasses.
They are absorbed in the small intestine and weight the horse has to carry.
Cause an increase in the blood glucose and insulin which can result in metabolic disorders and increase the risk of tying up Water and ulcers.
It is critical that the small intestine does not get Hydration is critical for a horse and even more so in a performance horse.
Sweat is a massive water eliminator which must be replenished to maintain a healthy horse.
Horses in a moderate climate lose about 6-8 liters per hour and it goes up to 15 per hour in hot humid climates. (A liter of water weighs about 2 pounds so a horse can lose up to 30 pounds of bodyweight per hour).
There were myths that a hot tired horse should not be allowed to drink in fear of colic and that drinking cold water can cause the same problem.
These are myths and do not hold merit.
Letting a warm horse drink does not cause colic and is an excellent way to help cool him down. 242 Barrett Street The problem with cold water is that the horse will limit his Grafton, WV 26354 intake and therefore may not take in enough to get him (304) 265-2837 properly hydrated. Jerry’s Restaurant & Lounge Family Dining, Catering, Parties, Private Meeting Room, Homemade Daily Specials and Pies! Separate Lounge with 2 Bars Full Lottery Retailer Multiple TV’s Pool Tables Dart Boards Juke Box! Electrolytes Electrolytes such as salt, selenium and iodine are a class of nutrients that the horse should have available to them on a free choice access basis.
Performance horses may require extra electrolytes.
These can be supplied either by a powder onto the grain mix or given separately in a applesauce or plain yogurt.
They can also be added to the horse’s water.
No matter how they are delivered the horse must be properly hydrated.
Protein Performance horses do require some additional protein but not as much as many people think.
Some people over feed protein which can stress the liver and increase fatigue and dehydration.
Excess protein cannot be used for energy the horse excretes it in urine as ammonia.
The ammonia creates a very strong odor that can have an adverse effect on the respiratory system for the horse. Owners Bud & Cindy Harr 18 HORSEMEN’S CORRAL • 2012 OCHA YEARBOOK Protein quality is more important than quantity.
Horses require grams of amino acids—not just a percentage of crude protein.
High quality protein, such as soybean meal, is vital to provide a horse with the elements for building strong muscle and bone.
No quantity of protein can make up for poor quality that is lacking the correct amino acids.
The wrong protein will not be absorbed merely excreted in the urine.
Summary 1) Develop your horse’s diet around his hay which is the most important component of its ration 2) Know exactly the amounts of starch and sugar in your horse’s grain mix to develop the proper feed ration. 3) It is a good idea to work with a qualified equine nutritionist to plan your horse’s diet.
They can fine tune a program for your needs around your horse, hay and work load.
For more information on providing the correct feeding diet to your performance horse, please contact Buckeye® Nutrition by calling our care line, 1-800-898-9467, or by emailing us at firstname.lastname@example.org. ENGLISH AND WESTERN WEAR AND EQUIPMENT
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