2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division Toss-up Questions: 9) What breed of horse originated in the Ozarks? A: Missouri Fox Trotter S: 174:69 10) Name three types of horses that may be shown with ribbon braids in showmanship.
A: Saddle type, Draft, and Easy-gaited S: 179:14-15 11) What is the difference between a rat-tail and a broom-tail? A: A Rat-tail horse has little hair on its tail, and a Broom-tail horse has a heavy, coarse tail.
S: 174:78 BONUS: Give three (3) criteria by which to divide classes in a horse show.
A: 1) Age of exhibitor, 2) Experience level of horse or rider, 3) To maintain safety S: 179:11 12) Where did the Lipizzaner originate? A: Spain S: 174:69 13) What side should you mount your horse on when preparing to ride? A: Usually on the left side, but horse should be comfortable being mounted on either the left or right side.
S: 191R:20 14) In a trail class, what is the distance between trot-over poles? A: 36 to 42 inches S: 179:44 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division 15) What two body systems can be affected by moldy, musty, rotten hay? A: The Digestive system and the Respiratory system S: 174:12 BONUS: Name the three (3) divisions of Working Hunter in 4H horse shows.
A: Green Hunters, Low Hunter, Regular Hunters S: 179:75-76 16) What is the term for a bruised and discolored area of the sole of the foot, usually located in the angles between the bars of the foot and the hoof wall? A: Corn S: 175:25 17) What is the common name for the carpus and tarsus? A: Carpus – knee Tarsus – hock S: 175:11 18) How often should you have your horse trimmed or their shoes rest? A: Every 6-8 weeks S: 175:25 19) What is the term for a rail laying on the ground in front of a jump? A: Ground Pole S: 179:74 BONUS: What dewormer kills onchocerca and bots? A: Ivermectin (Quest also acceptable) S: 172:35 20) What breed of horse is most commonly called the “Peacock” of the show ring? A: The American Saddlebred S: 175:28 21) Which 4H horse resource is required to be read by all youth and their parents/guardians who are new to the 4H Horse Program? A: Horses, Safety, and You S: 191R:7 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division 22) In which joint do you find the patella bone? A: Stifle S: 175:11 23) What is the anatomical name for the coffin bone? A: Third Phalanx S: 175:25 BONUS: Name four (4) markings on the horse’s leg.
A: Coronet, Half-pastern, Pastern, Sock/Half-Stocking, Stocking, Ankle; Ermine or Distal spots, Zebra stripes S: 174:76-78 24) What breed of horse is characterized by a very refined head and great endurance? A: Arabian S: 174:69 End of Round 9 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division ROUND 10 One-on-One Questions: 1) What are the four classifications of horses according to size, build, and use? A: Light horse; Pony; Miniature horse; Draft horse S: 175:28 2) What gaits are performed in light horse Pleasure Driving? A: Walk, Park gait and Road gait S: 179:83 3) What percent protein must a feed have to be considered a ‘protein supplement’? A: 30-40% S: 174:58 4) During what ages can estimating age of the horse be closely estimated due to the eruption of baby and permanent teeth? A: Birth to 5 years S: 174:116 5) Over eating of grain is the most common cause of what equine health condition? A: Founder or Laminitis S: 174:100 6) What is the term used to describe white extending from the coronet and past the midpoint of cannon? A: Stocking S: 174:78 7) What internal parasite spends its larvae stage in the stomach and the adult lays its eggs on the horse’s haircoat? A: Bot S: 174:132 8) What would be a disqualification from the registry for the American Quarter Pony? A: Animal is not in appropriate height ranges (also Pinto, Appaloosa and Albino colors) S: 174:71(69) End of One-on-One Questions 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division Toss-up Questions: 9) Identify 4 characteristics that good stock horses are noted for.
A: Quiet disposition, Moderate size, Heavy muscling, Soundness, Versatility S: 174:65 10) Name five (5) main stock horse breeds.
A: Quarter Horse, Paint, Appaloosa, Buckskin, Palomino, Arabian, Morgan S: 174:63 BONUS: Name four (4) facial markings on the horse.
A: Star, Snip, Strip, Star & Strip, Bald face, Disconnected star, strip & snip, Blaze, Star. (Also accept bonnet and apron) S: 174:77 11) What is the difference in the way Hunter horses and Western horses are set-up in showmanship? A: Hunter horses are posed with the front feet square and the back feet offset and Western horses are posed with all four feet square.
S: 174:46 12) When giving oral reasons, what is the name for the statement that is made between pairs of horses which indicates you are moving on to the next pair? A: Transition statement S: 175:45 13) Name 2 common draft horse bits A: Snaffle; Buxton; Elbow; Liverpool S: 179:24 BONUS: Name the four (4) bones from the fetlock to the end of the leg.
A: Long pastern bone (Proximal or 1st Phalanx), Short pastern bone (Middle or 2nd Phalanx), Coffin bone (Distal or 3rd phalanx), Navicular bone, Proximal Sesamoid S: 175:25 14) On average, how much water can a horse drink per day? A: 12 to 20 gallons S: 174:57 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division 15) What is another term used to describe a horse that is out of condition.
A: Soft S: 174:55 16) Define neck reining.
A: The horse turns in response to the weight of the rein against the neck on the side opposite the direction of the turn.
S: 174:33 17) This term is used to describe a twisting of the striding leg around the supporting leg, such that the hooves land in a straight line.
A: Rope-walking S: 174:85 BONUS: List three (3) classifications of anthelmintics used to control internal parasites.
A: Avermectins/Ivermectin; Moxydectin; Praziquantel; Pyrantel Tartrate (powder) or Pyrantel Pamoate (paste); Benzimidazoles; Piperazine S: 174:139 18) How can you tell if a horse is truly gray or if they are white? A: Grays have dark skin while White horses have pink skin S: 175:42 19) Name the three criteria showmanship classes are judged on.
A: Appearance of the animal; Appearance of the exhibitor and tack; Presentation and performance of the horse in the ring.
S: 174:44 or 179:15-17 20) What term is given to “conduct becoming to an individual involving fair and honest competition, courteous relations, and graceful acceptance of the results”.
A: Sportsmanship S: 174:63 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division 21) What breed is known for pacing or trotting harness races? A: Standardbreds S: 175:34 Bonus: Give four (4) serious faults while “showing” in showmanship. A: Knocking over marker(s) on pattern; Working the wrong side of the cones; Rearing, Kicking at another horse, handler or judge or continuously circling the handler and refusing to remain posed; Omission or addition of maneuvers; Failure to do required gait on pattern; Leading on wrong side of horse; Complete failure to move around horse & obstructing the judge’s view; Exhibitor touching the horse with hands or feet (not including donkeys or draft) to pose the horse; Standing directly in front of the horse; and Turns of more than 90 degrees made toward the handler S: 179:22 22) What are the three (3) types of colic typically seen in the horse? A: Gas colic; Impaction colic; Torsion (displacement) colic S: 174:100 23) What bacteria causes Strangles in horses? A: Streptococcus equi S: 174:126 24) List three (3) common symptoms of a horse with lice.
A: Rubbing, biting and other signs of itchiness; Patches of skin with no hair; and a generally unthrifty appearance.
S: 174:140 End of Round 10 2009 State 4-H Horse Bowl Contest – Junior Division ROUND 11 One-on-One Questions: 1) Name two (2) problems of a flat-footed horse.
A: They bruise easily and they are hard to keep shod because the sole pushes on the shoe and loosens it.
S: 175:25 2) In the 4H production division, how are halter classes judged? A: 90% conformation of the horse, 10% on showmanship S: 179:29 3) What is the average weight range for a pony? A: 500 to 900 pounds (227kg to 410kg) S: 174:58 4) Name the 3 main parasites found in the horse.
A: Strongyles (bloodworms), Ascarids (roundworms), and Bots S: 174:131-133 5) What is the maximum length of shank on a curb bit in 4H? A: 8 ½ inches S: 179:24 6) What term describes the straps on an English saddle where the girth attaches? A: Billets S: 174:24 7) Name three breeds that compete in racing.
A: Thoroughbred; Quarter Horse; Standardbred; Arabian; Appaloosa S: 175:33-35 8) How do you measure the length of an English saddle? A: Measure from nail on the side of the pommel to the top center of the cantle.
S: 174:23 End of One-on-One Questions Toss-up Questions:
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