Lope : The three four and five year old classes include walk….

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Chill Out Treats - Oat Free treats - Natural Horse treats - For the Horse Horses-store.comLope : The three four and five year old classes include walk….

Miniature Horse Morgan Paint Palomino Paso Fino Pinto POA Quarter Horse Saddlebred Shetland Pony Standardbred Tennessee Walking Thoroughbred Welsh Pony Half Welsh Warmblood Belgian Clydesdale Percheron Shire American Miniature Horse Assn.

Or American Miniature Horse Registry American Morgan Horse Assn.


American Paint Horse Association Palomino Horse Breeders of America or Palomino Horse Association Inc.

Paso Fino Horse Assn.


Pinto Horse Assn.

Of America Inc.

Pony of Americas Club Inc.


American Quarter Horse Assn.

American Saddlebred Horse Assn.

Or Canadian American Saddlebred Horse Registry American Shetland Pony Club U.S.

Trotting Assn.

Tennessee Walking Horse Breeders and Exhibitors Association The Jockey Club Welsh Pony and Cob Society of America or Welsh Section Canadian Pony Society Performance Horse Registry or Respective Warmblood Breed Registry Belgian Draft Horse Corporation of America Clydesdale Breeders of the US Percheron Horse Assn.

Of America American Shire Horse Assn. 18.

An animal shown in one breed or type division cannot be shown in another division or type at future shows during that year, and animals registered in more than one association may be shown in only one breed/type class.

Double registered animals may be shown as the opposite breed in future years. 19.

Classes for Appaloosa, Paint, or other breeds with color classifications will not be divided into solid, non-characteristic, breeding stock, etc.

Categories. 20.

Type classes for horses and ponies include all grade and unregistered animals for which a specific breed class is not offered.

Classes will be offered for Draft type, Stock type, Saddle type, Hunter type horses and ponies, Long Ears (Donkey and Mule type over 14.2 and under 14.2) and Miniature Horse type.

Grade draft horses will be shown together.

Pony classes are for those animals expected to mature to a height of 14.2 hands and under.

Both grade and registered animals will be shown together in Long Ears classes. 21.

The following classes may be offered for each breed or type: REGISTERED AND UNREGISTERED ANIMALS 1.

Colts and geldings of this year 2.

Yearling Geldings 3. 2-year-old Geldings 4. 3-year-old Geldings 5.

Fillies of this year 6.

Yearling Fillies 7. 2-year-old Fillies 8. 3-year-old Fillies LONG EARS (Donkeys, Mules) 1.

Jacks and geldings of this year 2.

Yearling Geldings 3. 2-year-old Geldings 4. 3-year-old Geldings 5.

Jennet of this year 6.

Yearling Jennet 7. 2 -year-old Jennet 8. 3-year-old Jennet 16 22.

In addition to the halter classes, Western and English Pleasure Futurity classes will be offered.

Horses may be shown in only one halter class and only one futurity class each year.

Futurity classes will be judged as pleasure classes and are open to two, three, four and five year old animals that are properly enrolled in the Production project (see production rules 4-8 for requirements for enrollment and eligibility for showing.) 23.

Separate pleasure futurity classes will be offered for two year olds.

The two year old classes include walk and trot/jog only and are not eligible to advance to the state show.

If the number of entries so warrant, separate classes will be offered for three, four and five year olds; otherwise they may be combined at show management’s discretion.

The three, four and five year old classes include walk, trot/jog and canter/lope and are eligible to advance to the state show. 24.

The appropriate rules for tack and appointments from the performance classes will apply to Western and English Pleasure Futurity classes. 25.

All rules concerning registration of horses are in accordance with each breed association rules. 26.

In all registered production classes, photocopies of the horses’ registration papers must be submitted with entries for the regional show by the show entry deadline.

For weanlings, either breeder’s certificates or application for registration must be submitted with entries for the Regional Production Show by the show entry deadline.

For draft breeds where registration paper, breeders certificate or application for registry is unavailable, a signed statement must be obtained from the owners of the sire and dam indicating that the horse is eligible for registration.

This statement must be presented with entries for the regional show by the show entry deadline. 27.

If registration papers (or documentation as indicated in rule 26) are unavailable by the show entry deadline, the horse must be shown as a grade animal and must continue to be shown as a grade animal that year.

In future years, the horse may be shown as a registered animal with proper proof of registration. 28.

There is no limit to the number of horses a 4-H member may enter in the regional show; however, a 4-H member is limited to one entry per class. (This rule will not apply to classes that have been combined.) In the state show a 4-H member will be limited to entering three Production Project animals. 17 29.

To be eligible for the State 4-H Horse Show entries must qualify at one of the Regional Production Shows.

Entries for the state show must be made at the regional show.

All exhibitors who qualify and intend to show at the state show MUST report to the regional show office or designated show secretary to verify their state show entry, submit required forms, and obtain state show information.

Exhibitors MUST report to the show office within 30 minutes of the placing of the last class of the show.

Late entries will NOT be accepted.

Exhibitors who fail to verify their entry and submit appropriate information will NOT be allowed to participate in the state show. 30.

If there are less than two horses entered in a State Show class, the classes may be combined and the entries shown together.

If there is no reasonable combination of entries, single entries will be shown individually in separate classes.

Those 4-H members showing in a combined or single entry class will be notified by September 20 or as soon as possible. 31.

Substitute showperson may be used ONLY in the case of medical necessity or call-up for military service involving the exhibitor.

The substitute exhibitor must be a current 4-H member in good standing in their county.

Performance Rules 1.

The horse or pony a member intends to use in competition must be designated and recorded with the county extension office by June 1 of the current year. 2.

A production project animal may also be used as a performance project animal. 3.

All members, to be eligible to compete at the county level and further shows, must be enrolled with the extension office of the county in which they show, and complete appropriate requirements as determined by that county. 4.

Record book must be up to date, including a Grooming and Showmanship score, before a member will be eligible to compete at a district show. 5.

Two or more members of an immediate family may show the same horse at the county, district and state shows, management of project to be shared.

However, they may not show in the same class.

Refer to Glossary number 10 and General Rule 13. 6.

Project animals must be owned or leased by the 4-H member or a member of his or/her immediate family prior to June 1 to show that year.

The immediate family rule does not apply to animals that are the bona fide property of a 4-H club.

The County Extension Office will determine eligibility in such 18 cases.

Leased horses will be eligible if the following items are adhered to: a.

Lessee must have a verbal or written lease.

If the lease is written, the standardized 4-H Horse Project Lease Agreement must be used, or must have prior approval by the 4-H insurance company before it is signed.


Lease must be for the minimum of the project year (June 1 current year to day following the State 4-H Horse Show.) c.

The lease may be between the 4-H member and the owner or the parent or guardian of the 4-H member and owner.


A copy of the lease, or notification of an oral lease, must be provided to the County Extension Office no later than June 1 of the current year. 7.

A member must show the same horse at county, district, and state shows.

The contestant must compete and qualify to be eligible to advance to the next show.

If the horse that competed at a county or district roundup is injured or the member cannot compete at the next show, the next lower placing member in the class may compete at the next show.

It is the responsibility of the county or district show committee to enforce this rule.

Each county should determine which show will be the elimination show, and when substitutions should be made. 8.

To be eligible for the State 4-H Horse Show entries must qualify at the district show designated for the county in which they are enrolled. 9.

Entries for the state show must be made at the district show, except in the case of substitutions.

District substitutions for the State Show must be made by the district chairperson no later than 7 days prior to the State Show.

All exhibitors who qualify and intend to show at the state show MUST report to the regional/district show office or designated show secretary to verify their state show entry, submit required forms, and obtain state show information.

Exhibitors MUST report to the show office within 30 minutes of the placing of the last class of the show.

Late entries will NOT be accepted.

Exhibitors who fail to verify their entry and submit appropriate information will NOT be allowed to participate in the state show. 10.

If a veterinary certificate states that the project animal is unsound prior to the county show it will be permissible to change project animals, with the Club Leader’s and county extension educator’s approval.

Under no conditions may horses be changed after the county elimination show. 11.

In the Performance Division, a 4-H member is permitted to show only one primary performance 19 animal.

One secondary performance animal may be shown in its appropriate driving class and/or Miniature Horse In Hand Trail. 12.

A draft or miniature horse may be used as the member’s primary performance horse in nondriving classes if the member does not have a light performance horse or pony.

Classes are offered in the following divisions:  Open Division Grooming and Showmanship, Open Trail  Western Division Western Pleasure, Western Horsemanship, Western Riding, Novice Reining  Contest Division Clover Leaf Barrel Race, Pole Bending, and Raised Box Keyhole  Saddle Seat Division — 28.

All Western horses six years or older must be ridden with one hand with the exception of Novice Reining.

See glossary rule 8. 29.

Western horses five years old and younger may be shown with a bit, hackamore or snaffle bit.

When a western horse is shown with a bit (excluding a true snaffle bit), it must be ridden with one hand with the exception of Novice Reining.

See glossary rules 6, 7 and 8. 30.

If a curb chain is used, it must be a flat type chain link, laying flat against the chin and loose enough to permit the entry of two fingers.

No wire or rawhide device, regardless of how padded or taped, may be used in conjunction with, or as part of, the chin strap. 31.

No horse or pony may be shown with their tongues tied down or with their mouths tied shut.

The correct use of a cavesson does not constitute tying a mouth shut.

Open Division See other divisions to determine eligibility for classes in the Open division.

Open Division Clothing and equipment requirements: See appropriate notations under Western and English divisions.

Classes 1,2,3 and 4 – Grooming and Showmanship Class 1 – English Grooming and Showmanship, Junior Division Class 2 – English Grooming and Showmanship, Senior Division Class 3 – Western Grooming and Showmanship, Junior Division Class 4 – Western Grooming and Showmanship, Senior Division The class is judged on the exhibitor’s ability to prepare and exhibit his/her animal at halter.

The horse is a tool to demonstrate the exhibitor’s abilities.

The judge should consider: (1) ability of the exhibitor to move the animal freely at the walk and trot, to set up and pose the animal, and to show him to the best advantage; (2) condition and cleanliness of hair coat, mane, tail and feet, which should show evidence of regular grooming; (3) neatness of any clipping, trimming or braiding; and (4) clean well fitted tack.

Grooming assistance may be obtained from immediate family members or 4-H adult or teen leaders.

However, the majority of the work must be done by the 4-H member.

All horses and ponies are to be shown with a halter, however, those breeds or types normally shown in a bridle, such as Arabians, Hunters, Morgans, Saddle Horses, etc., may show in 23 a bridle.

In this class, the horse or pony may be shown with the lead shank under the jaw or over the nose.

Exhibitors with draft horses and other breeds not exhibited in Saddle Seat, Hunt Seat or Western classes may show in either English or Western Grooming and Showmanship classes.

These exhibitors should choose the class they prefer and must show with clothing and tack appropriate for the western, hunt seat or saddleseat division.

See clothing requirements for these divisions.

If an exhibitor also shows a horse in under saddle classes, the style of attire worn while riding must also be used for the Grooming and Showmanship class.

Basis of Scoring Grooming and Showmanship A.

Appearance of Animal and exhibitor 30 % 1.

Condition of the animal 2.

Grooming a.

Coat clean and free of stains.

Should show evidence of regular grooming.

Hair dressing and powder should be used sparingly b.

Mane and tail clean and free of tangles.


Hooves trimmed and shaped to enable animal to walk and stand naturally.

If shod, shoes must fit and not show undue wear.

Clinches should be smooth.

Hoof dressing permitted.


Tack and/or equipment should be clean and neat and should fit properly. 3.

Trimming and Braiding a.

Excess hair should be clipped or trimmed from around fetlocks and head.

Horse may be totally clipped or not, as exhibitor wishes, but clipping should not be used as a substitute for proper grooming.


Braiding, if used, should be neat and suitable for the type of horse.

Western manes may be banded (sectioned off using rubber bands). 4.

Exhibitor Exhibitor must be neat, clean, and dressed in attire appropriate for breed or type.

Exhibitor should be poised, confident, courteous and sportsmanlike at all times.


Showmanship 70 % Exhibitors will each perform an individual pattern at the direction of the judge or ringmaster.

Pattern must be posted at least one hour prior to the class.

Patterns may be performed from a lineup or from the gate at the judge’s discretion.

The following maneuvers are considered acceptable components of a pattern: lead the horse at a walk, jog, trot or extended trot, back in a straight or curved line, stop, turn 90, 180, 270, 360 degrees or 24 any combination or multiple of these turns.

Judge must have the exhibitor set-up the horse for inspection at least once during the pattern.

The exhibitor should appear business-like, stand and move in a straight, natural, upright manner, and avoid excessive, unnatural, or animated body positions.

Both arms should be bent at the elbow with the elbows held close to the exhibitor’s side and the forearms held in a natural position.

Height of the arms may vary depending on the size of the horse and exhibitor.

The exhibitor should quickly recognize conformational faults of the animal he/she is leading and show it so as to minimize these faults.

Exhibitor should keep an eye on the animal, be aware of the location of the judge at all times, and not become distracted by people and things outside the ring.

Exhibitors are being judged from the moment they enter the ring.

Exhibitors should respond rapidly to requests from judges and officials and keep showing until the entire class has been placed or they are excused from the ring. 1.

Leading a.

Walk on the animal’s left (near) side holding the lead shank in the right hand, near the halter.

The exhibitor’s hand should not be on the chain or snap of the lead shank.

The remaining portion of the lead shank is held neatly and safely in the left hand, either in a figure-eight or one or two large loops.

A tightly coiled or rolled lead shank will be considered a fault in showmanship.

All turns greater than 90 degrees should be made to the right.


When leading the horse, the exhibitor should walk so that his/her body is even with the horse’s neck and halfway between the head and shoulders.

Move in a brisk manner.

When moving the horse, be sure that the judge gets a clear, unobstructed view of the horse’s action by allowing the horse to move forward freely and in a straight line. 2.

Backing a.

When executing a back, the exhibitor should turn from a leading position to face toward the rear of the horse with the right hand extended across the exhibitor’s body and walk forward beside the horse with the horse moving backward.


The exhibitor should never place themselves directly in front of the horse while backing, but maintain a position to the side of the horse. 3.

Turning a.

All turns greater than 90 degrees should be made to the right.

When initiating a turn to the right the position of the exhibitor is the same as the leading 25 position except that the exhibitor should turn and face toward the horse’s head and have the horse move away from them to the right.


On turns greater than 90 degrees, the ideal turn consists of the horse pivoting on the right hind leg while stepping across and in front of the right the right front leg with the left front leg.

An exhibitor should not be penalized if their horse performs a pivot on the left hind leg, but an exhibitor whose horse performs the pivot correctly should receive more credit.


Pull turns to the left should be 90 degrees or less.

The exhibitor should maintain the same position as in a right hand turn with the body facing the horse, but walk backward while executing the turn. 4.

Stop – The stop should be straight, prompt, smooth and responsive with the horse’s body remaining straight. 5.

Setting-up the horse for inspection.


When setting-up the horse, stand toward the front facing the horse, but not directly in front of the horse and always in a position where you can keep your eye on the judge.


Set-up the horse according to its type, breed and/or use.

Do most of the showing with the lead strap.

The exhibitor should never touch the horse with the hands or feet to assist in the set-up. .


Do not crowd the exhibitor next to you when leading into a side-by-side position.

Do not crowd the exhibitor in front when leading into a head-to-tail position.


When the judge is observing other animals, let yours stand if posed reasonably well.


Be natural.

Over showing, undue fussing, and maneuvering are objectionable.

The Quarter Method of Showing The following suggested guidelines of movement are meant to serve as an illustration of proper movement around the horse while showing in Grooming and Showmanship and are for exhibitor information.

Imaginary lines divide the horse into four equal parts as seen in the figure below. (Note: The horse has been sectioned into four parts numbered I, II, III and IV for ease of identification.) One line runs across the horse just behind the withers.

The other imaginary line runs from head to tail.

When the judge is in I, the exhibitor should be in IV.

As the judge moves to II, the exhibitor should move to I.

When the judge moves to III, the exhibitor moves to IV.

As the judge moves up to IV, the exhibitor returns once more to I.

This method is based on safety as the exhibitor can 26 keep the horse’s hindquarters from swinging toward the judge should the horse become fractious. 6.

Disqualification a.

Loss of control of the horse that endangers the exhibitor, other horses or exhibitors, or the judge.


Knocking over a cone or marker c.

Going off pattern.

Open Trail Open to all primary performance animals.

Clothing and equipment requirements will follow those listed under Western, Hunt and Saddle Seat divisions.

Class 5, 6 and 7 – Open Trail Class 5 – Open Trail Ponies (14.2 hands and under) Class 6 – Open Trail Horses, Junior Rider Class 7 – Open Trail Horses, Senior Rider This class will be judged on the performance of the horse/pony over obstacles, with emphasis on manners, response to the rider and quality of movement.

Credit will be given to horses/ponies negotiating the obstacle with correctness, style and some degree of speed, providing correctness is not sacrificed.

Horses/ponies should receive credit for showing attentiveness to the obstacles and the capability of picking their own way through the course when obstacles warrant it, and willingly responding to the rider’s cues on more difficult obstacles.

Horses/ponies will not be required to work on the rail.

However, the course must be designed to require each horse/pony to show three gaits (walk, jog/trot, lope/canter or gaits appropriate for breed) on a reasonably loose rein or light contact.

Patterns must be posted at least one hour prior to the start of the class.

Management when setting the 27 courses should keep in mind that the idea is not to trap and/or trick the exhibitor, or eliminate them by making an obstacle too difficult.

Management and course designers should consider the skill level of the majority of the exhibitors.

All courses are to be constructed with SAFETY in mind so as to prevent accidents.

Enough space must be provided for a horse/pony to jog/trot (about 30 feet) and lope/canter (about 50 feet) for the judges to evaluate these gaits.

If an obstacle/course is disrupted, it shall be reset after each horse has worked.

A course shall consist of 6 to 8 obstacles, with at least 10’ between all but the combined obstacles.

Required Obstacles 1.

Ride over at least four poles/logs- can be placed in a straight line, curved, zigzag.

The space between the logs is to be measured and the horse/pony’s path should be the measuring point (generally designed to be through the center).

The logs/poles should be a type that cannot readily roll.

Spacing for walk-overs, trot-overs and lope-overs should be as follows or increments thereof.


Walk-over – should be 16” to 20” apart for ponies and 20” to 24” for horses.

If elevated, should not be higher than 6” for ponies and 12” for horses.


Jog or trot-over – should be 2’ to 2’6” apart for ponies and 3’to 3’6” apart for horses.

If elevated, should not be higher than 4” for ponies and 8” for horses.


Lope or canter-over – should be 5’to 6’ for ponies and 6’ to 7’ for horses.

No elevated lope/canter-over should be used. 2.

Backing Obstacle – should be a minimum width of 32”, or 34” if elevated.

Objects should not be secured as to make them immovable (no stationary objects such as heavy wooden posts or metal bars).


Back through and around 3 markers (barrels, poles, cones, etc. (Suggested to be placed at 36” apart) B.

Back through L,V,U, straight or similar-shaped obstacles.

May be elevated no more than 12”.

Elevated obstacles should be placed in a cup or notched block so that if hit they can not roll, however if hit hard enough, they may fall.

Height is measured from the ground to the top of the element. 3.

Gate – Use a gate which will not endanger horse/pony or rider.

Rope gates may be used.

If the gate has a metal, plastic or wooden support bar under the opening (which pony/horse walks across) contestants must work the gate moving forward through it 28 Optional Obstacles 1.

Serpentine obstacle – at a walk or jog/trot.

Spacing to be a minimum of 3’ for the walk and 8’ for the jog/trot. 2.

Carrying objects – Carry objects from one part of arena to another – only objects which reasonably might be carried on a trail ride may be used.

Avoid objects that are noisy, which might create a safety hazardous if dropped. 3.

Ride over wooden bridge – Suggested minimum width should be 3’ with a minimum length of 6’.

Height should not exceed 10 inches.

The bridge should be sturdy and safe and negotiated at a walk only. 4.

Put on and/or remove slicker. 5.

Remove and replace material from a mailbox 6.

Sidepass 7.

An obstacle consisting of four logs each 5’ to 6’ long for ponies and 5’ to 7’ for horses laid in a square.

Used for rider to enter and execute a turn and then exit.

Each rider will enter the square over log/pole as designated.

When all four feet are in the square, the rider should execute a turn, as indicated, and depart. 8.

Any other safe and negotiable obstacle which could reasonably be expected to be encountered on a trail ride and meets the approval of the judge may be used. 9.

A combination of two or more of any obstacle is acceptable.

Unacceptable obstacles: 1.

Tires 2.

Animals 3.

Hides 4.

PVC pipe 5.

Dismounting 6.

Jumps (does not include elevated log/poles) 7.

Rocking or moving bridges 8.

Water hazards or water boxes with floating or moving parts 9.

Flames, dry ice, fire extinguisher, etc. 10.

Log/poles elevated in a manner that permits them to roll. 11.

Ground ties 12.

Dragging/pulling any objects 13.

Lime Judging and scoring trail classes: The following scoring system is mandatory for all trail classes.

Scoring will be on the basis of 0-infinity, with 70 denoting an average performance.

Each obstacle will receive an obstacle score that should be added or 29 subtracted from 70.

Each obstacle will be scored on the following basis, ranging from plus 1 ½ to minus 1 ½: -1 ½ =extremely poor, -1=very poor, – ½ = poor, 0= correct, + ½ = good, +1= very good, +1 ½ = excellent.

Obstacle scores are to be determined and assessed independently of penalty points.

An exhibitor who does not complete an obstacle during the course must not place above an exhibitor who has completed all obstacles.

Penalty points will also be assessed at each obstacle as noted below.

Penalties will be assessed per occurrence and a maximum of 9 penalty points will be assessed per obstacle.

Penalty Points -½ point  For each tick of log, pole, cone or obstacle -1 point  Each hit of, bite of or stepping on a log, pole, cone or obstacle  Incorrect gait or break of gait at walk or jog/trot for two strides or less  Incorrect number of strides between poles within an obstacle  Both front or hind feet in a single strided slot or space at a walk or a jog.  Skipping over or failing to step into required space  Failure to meet the correct strides in jog/trot and lope/canter over log obstacles  Split/straddle pole in a lope-over (Defined as a log between the two front or the two hind feet) -3 points  Incorrect gait or break in gait at walk or jog/trot for more than 2 strides  Out of lead or break of gait at lope/canter (except when correcting an incorrect lead)  Knocking down an elevated pole, cone, barrel, plant obstacle or severely disturbing an obstacle  Stepping outside the confines of, falling, or jumping off or out of an obstacle with designated boundaries with only one foot  First refusal, balk, or attempting to evade an obstacle by shying or backing more than 2 strides away  Second refusal -5 points  Failure to follow the correct line of travel between obstacles  Overturns of more than a 1/4 turn 30  Dropping slicker or object required to be carried on course  Letting go of or dropping gate  Use of hand to instill fear  Blatant disobedience (kicking out, bucking, rearing, striking)  Stepping outside the confines of, falling, or jumping off or out of an obstacle with designated boundaries with more than one foot  Holding saddle with either hand -9 points  Failure of rider to begin to negotiate an obstacle within 30 seconds of arrival at the obstacle.

Rider will be asked to move to next obstacle.  If a rider fails to completely negotiate an obstacle in approximately one minute, unless the nature of the obstacle requires a longer time, ie complex back through.

Rider will be asked to move to next obstacle.  Three refusals at an obstacle, regardless of the length of time.

Rider will be asked to move to next obstacle.

Disqualification:  Failure to follow the prescribed order of obstacles, including failure to stay inside the designated boundary markers will result in disqualification  Failure to enter, exit or work obstacle from correct side or direction  Fall to the ground of pony/horse or rider will result in disqualification  No attempt to perform an obstacle  Failure to complete three cumulative obstacles will result in disqualification Failure to complete an obstacle is defined as:  three refusals at an obstacle or  more than 30 seconds to begin negotiating each obstacle or  failure to complete an obstacle in approximately one minute, unless the nature of the obstacle requires longer time, ie complex back through 31 Sample Back Up Obstacles Sample Walk-Overs (With proper spacing, can also be used for jog-overs or lope-overs). Sample Side Pass Obstacles Sample Side Pass Obstacles 32 Western Division The primary performance horse in this division may compete in the following classes only: Grooming and Showmanship, Open Trail, Western Pleasure, Western Horsemanship, Western Riding, Novice Reining and Driving (Pleasure or Draft).

Clothing and Equipment Requirements: a.

Western pants, western jeans, or western skirt.


Appropriate western attire including long sleeves (that reach approximately to the wrist) and a collar.

If the garment has buttons, snaps, etc.

At the wrist, they must be secured.

Clothing must be neat, workmanlike, and suitable for the class in which the exhibitor is participating.


Boots or shoes that have a definite heel as viewed from the side.


Jacket, vest, or tie (optional).


Chaps are optional.


Western type hat or protective headgear for Grooming and Showmanship classes; protective headgear required in all other classes.


Western type spurs are optional; not to be used forward of cinch.

Emphasis is placed on correct use of spur by exhibitor.

Spurs may be blunt or roweled.

Rowels must move freely and be blunt.

Equipment: a.

Western saddle with a horn: Australian saddle may not be used.


Rope for saddle (optional).


Western type bridle.


If a romal is used, hobbles are optional and must be attached to the saddle.


Safety stirrups are permitted.

A tapadero or covered stirrup in which a rider’s toe may beco me entrapped is not considered a safety stirrup and is not permitted.

Prohibited Clothing and Equipment: a.

Slip on spurs not attached with a spur strap b.

T-shirt, tank tops, and halter tops c.

Protective boots, leg wraps and bandages of any type except as noted in Novice Reining class.


Martingales and draw reins e.

Nosebands, cavessons and tie-downs f.

Mechanical hackamores g.

Whips or bats Bits that are permitted by respective breed associations may be acceptable at the judge’s discretion.

A judge at his/her discretion can penalize a horse with non-conventional types of bits.

Horses five years old and younger may be shown with either a bit, hackamore or a snaffle bit.

If a hackamore or snaffle bit is used, the horse may be ridden with one or two hands. 33 Mechanical hackamores are prohibited in this division.

Refer to glossary for definition of bits and Performance Rules 26-31.

For additional information, refer to Guidelines for Bits in Pennsylvania 4-H Horse Shows available from county extension offices or the PA 4-H Horse Program website.

When using both hands on the reins of a snaffle bit or hackamore, the reins must be bridged such that both reins are held in both hands at all times and the tails of the reins are crossed on the opposite side of the neck.

The rider’s hands should be carried near the pommel and not further than four inches out on either side of the saddle horn.

Rider’s hands must be steady with very limited movement.

Horses six years old and older must be shown with a shanked bit, and only one hand is to be used for reining regardless of type of bit used and hands shall not be changed, except where permitted in Trail and Novice Reining.

Hand is to be around reins.

When split reins are used, one finger is permitted between reins.

When using a romal, no finger is allowed between reins.

Rider can hold romal with hand not used for reining, provided it is held approximately sixteen inches from the reining hand.

Two handing reins, a finger between romal reins, or more than one finger between split reins will result in a disqualification.

If a curb strap or chain is used, it must lay flat, be at least one-half inch wide and permit the entry of two fingers between curb strap or chain and the horse’s chin.

Classes 8 and 9 – Western Horsemanship Class 8 – Western Horsemanship, Jr.

Division Class 9 – Western Horsemanship, Sr.

Division The Western Horsemanship class is designed to evaluate the rider’s ability to execute with their horse, a set of maneuvers prescribed by the judge with precision and smoothness while exhibiting poise, confidence, and maintaining a balanced, functional and fundamentally correct body position.

The ideal horsemanship pattern is extremely precise with the rider and horse working in complete unison, executing each maneuver with subtle aids and cues.

Patterns must be posted at least one hour prior to the start of the class.

Riders will also demonstrate their ability to work correctly and competently with a group, on the rail both directions at all three gaits.

Position of Rider The rider should appear natural in the seat and ride with a balanced, functional and correct position regardless of the maneuver or gait being performed. 34 Stiff or artificial body position will be penalized.

The rider should sit in the center of the saddle with the legs hanging to form a straight line from the ear, through the shoulder and hip, to the ankle.

The heels should be lower than the toes with a slight bend at the knee.

The rider’s back should be flat, relaxed and supple.

During the rail work and pattern, the exhibitor should have strong, secure and proper position.

When showing horses 6 yrs of age and over only one hand shall be used for reining and the hand shall not be changed.

When riding horses five years and younger with a hackamore or snaffle bit, riding with two hands, with the reins bridged is permissible and correct.

When split reins are used, one finger between the reins is permitted, and the bight of reins should be carried on the same side as the reining hand.

If a romal is used, the rider’s hand shall be around the reins and no fingers between the reins are allowed.

The tail of the romal shall be in the hand opposite from the reining hand.

Reins are to be carried immediately above or slightly in front of the saddle horn.

Reins should be carried so as to have light contact with the horse’s mouth.

Excessively tight or loose reins will be penalized.

Wrists are to be kept straight and relaxed with thumb on top and fingers closed around the reins.

Some movement of the arm is permissible, but excessive pumping will be penalized.

Class Procedure All riders must enter the ring and then work individually, or each exhibitor may be worked from the gate individually.

When riders are worked individually from the gate, a working order is required.

Riders should be instructed to either leave the arena, fall into line, or fall into place on the rail after their work.

Following individual patterns, the entire class must work at all three gaits both directions of the arena with the reverse executed away from the rail.

The following maneuvers are acceptable in a pattern:  walk, jog, trot, extended trot, lope or extended lope in a straight line, curved line, serpentine, circle or figure 8, square, or combination of these gaits and maneuvers  stop  back in a straight or curved line  turn or pivot, including spins and rollbacks on the haunches and/or on the forehand  sidepass 35  simple change of lead  option of simple or flying change of lead  counter canter Judges may not ask exhibitors to mount or dismount.

Performance The exhibitor should perform the work accurately, precisely, smoothly, and with a reasonable amount of promptness.

Exhibitors that perform the pattern sluggishly and allow their horse to move without adequate impulsion, collection or cadence will be penalized.

The horse should perform all maneuvers in the pattern willingly, briskly and readily with minimal visible or audible cueing.

Severe disobedience will not result in a disqualification, but should be severely penalized, and the exhibitor should not place above an exhibitor that completes the pattern correctly.

Failure to follow the prescribed pattern, knocking over or working on the wrong side of the cones, excessive schooling or training, or willful abuse by the exhibitor is cause for disqualification.

Classes 10, 11, 12 and 13 – Western Pleasure Class 10 – Western Pleasure Ponies (13 hands and under) Class 11 – Western Pleasure Ponies (over 13 hands and not over 14.2 hands) Class 12 – Western Pleasure Horses, Junior Rider Class 13 – Western Pleasure Horses, Senior Rider In all pleasure classes, the judge should place the emphasis on manners, performance, conformation, and soundness; and on neatness and cleanliness of horse, tack, and rider.

Open to horses or ponies of any breed or combination of breeds normally used for pleasure.

Contestants will work both ways of the ring at a walk, jog, and a lope but shall not be asked to hand gallop or extend the lope.

Horses should be shown on a reasonably loose rein or light contact, without undue restraint.

Horses may be asked to back.

Horses to be shown with Western tack.

Martingales (tie-downs) and nosebands are not permitted.

Use of spurs is optional; however, the rowels must be blunt and turn freely.

A true pleasure horse is light mouthed and ridden with a reasonably loose (but not sloppy) rein.

It must be easy to handle, smooth-gaited, and not show undesirable mannerisms.

Class 14 – Western Riding The scoring system outlined below must be followed and minimum scores must be attained before a 4-H member can advance through the 36 qualifying system.

Participants in Western Riding must have a minimum score of 55 to be considered for advancement to the district show and a minimum score of 58 to be considered for advancement to the state show.

The quota system determining the number of participants from each district to advance to the state level will also apply.

In no case will more than the maximum quota be permitted to advance to the next level regardless of their score. (a) Western Riding is an event where the horse is judged on quality of gaits, lead changes at the lope, response to the rider, manners, and disposition.

The horse should perform with reasonable speed, and be sensible, well-mannered, free and easy moving. (b) Credit shall be given for and emphasis placed on smoothness, even cadence of gaits (ie, starting and finishing pattern with the same cadence), and the horse’s ability to change leads precisely, easily, and simultaneously both hind and front at the center point between markers.

In order to have balance, with quality lead changes, the horse’s head and neck should be in a relaxed, natural position, with his poll level with or slightly above the level of the withers.

He should not carry his head behind the vertical, giving the appearance of intimidation, or be excessively nosed out, giving a resistant appearance.

The horse should have a relaxed head carriage showing response to the rider’s hands, with a moderate flexion at the poll.

Horses may be ridden with light contact or on a reasonably loose rein.

The horse should cross the log both at the jog and the lope without breaking gait or radically changing stride. (c) The judge and show committee will select one of the two patterns to be performed.

The judge is responsible for the pattern being correctly set. (d) On the pattern: (1)The small circles represent pylon markers which are recommended.

These should be separated by a uniform measured distance of not less than 30 feet (9 meters) nor more than 50 feet (15 meters) on the sides with 5 markers (see diagram).

In pattern one, the three markers on the opposite side should be set adjacent to the appropriate markers.

It is recommended that markers be set a minimum of 15 feet (4 1/2 meters) from the fence and with 50 to 80 foot (15 to 24 meters) width in the pattern, as the arena permits. (2) A solid log or pole should be used and be a minimum of 8 feet (2.5 meters) in length. (3) The long serpentine line indicates the direction of travel and gaits at which the horse is to move.

The shaded area represents the lead changing 37 area between the markers.

The dotted line (…) indicates walk, the dash line (- – -) jog, and the solid line ( – ) lope. (e) Scoring will be on a basis of 0-100 with 70 denoting an average performance.

Scoring guidelines to be considered: points will be added or subtracted from the maneuvers on the following basis, ranging from plus 1.5 to minus 1.5: -1.5 extremely poor, -1 very poor, – .5 poor, 0 average, +.5 good, +1 very good, +1.5 excellent.

Maneuver scores are to be determined independently of penalty points. (f) A contestant shall be penalized each time the following occur: Five (5) points (1) Out of lead beyond the next designated change area (note: failures to change, including crosscantering.

Two consecutive failures to change would result in two five (5) point penalties). (2) blatant disobedience including kicking out, biting, bucking, and rearing (3) Holding saddle with either hand Three (3) points (1) not performing the specific gait (jog or lope) or not stopping when called for in the pattern, within 10 feet (3 meters) of the designated area (2) simple change of leads (3) out of lead at or before the marker prior to the designated change area or out of lead at or after the marker after the designated change area (4) additional lead changes anywhere in pattern (except when correcting an extra change or incorrect lead) (5) in pattern one failure to start the lope within 30 feet (9 meters) after crossing the log at the jog (6) break of gait at walk or jog for more than two strides (7) break of gait at the lope One (1) point (1) hitting or rolling log (2) out of lead more than one stride either side of the center point and between the markers (3) splitting the log (log between the two front or two hind feet) at the lope (4) break of gait at the walk or jog up to two (2) strides 38 One-half (1/2) point (1) tick or light touch of log (2) hind legs skipping or coming together during lead change (3) non-simultaneous lead change (Front to hind or hind to front) Disqualified – 0 score (1) illegal equipment (2) willful abuse (3) off course (4) knocking over markers (5) completely missing log (6) major refusal – stop and back more than 2 strides or 4 steps with front legs (7) major disobedience or schooling (8) failure to start lope prior to end cone in patterns #1 and #2 (1st cone after log in pattern #2) (9) four or more simple lead changes and/or failures to change leads (10) overturn of more than 1/4 turn Credits (1) changes of leads, hind and front simultaneously (2) change of lead near the center point of the lead change area (3) accurate and smooth pattern (4) even pace throughout (5) easy to guide and control with rein and leg (6) manners and disposition (7) conformation and fitness (i) The following characteristics are considered faults and should be judged accordingly in maneuver scores (1) opening mouth excessively (2) anticipating signals (3) stumbling (4) head carried too high (5) head carried too low (tip of ear below the withers) (6) over-flexing or straining neck in head carriage so the nose is carried behind the vertical (7) excessive nosing out 39 Location Penalties for Designated Change 3 POINT PENALTY 5 POINT PENALTY 1 POINT PENALTY DESIGNATED CHANGE NO LOCATION PENALTY ONE (1) STRIDE EITHER SIDE OF CENTER 1 POINT PENALTY 3 POINT PENALTY LEAD CHANGE AREA

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