Common Breeds of Horses The horse’s role in the development of America should not be underestimated.
The horse pulled the wagons west, it provided transportation, it was irreplaceable in the handling of livestock, it carried the mail, and it built the railroads.
Racing and rodeos provided the main entertainment for most settlers.
However, the use of the horse as a work animal has drastically declined since mechanization in the 1930’s. GROWTH AND DECLINE OF THE U.S.
HORSE INDUSTRY Prior to 1900, the automobile and tractor were relatively unknown on the American scene.
Horses and mules supplied practically all of the farm power and were widely used for transportation.
The horse population in the United States increased up to 1915, at which time there were 21,431,000 head recorded.
By 1968, the horse population in the United States had declined to 6,625,000 head. In Texas, the 1930 census showed a peak population of 748,703 horses and 1,036,177 mules.
By 1950 these numbers had declined to 387,393 horses and 128,558 mules.
There are an estimated 750,000 horses in Texas today, with the vast majority being found in and around urban areas where they are used as pleasure horses. Texas is the leading state in horse numbers and is the headquarters of many national horse organizations.
These include the American Quarter Horse Association, Amarillo; the National Cutting Horse Association and American Paint Horse Association, Fort Worth; and the Palomino Horse Breeders of America, Mineral Wells. Breeds, Classes and Types of Horses The horse was the last animal domesticated by humans.
Humans have had a tremendous influence on the horse’s development since its domestication.
The many uses of the horse by humans have brought about the great variety of types which are prevalent today.
The selective mating of large, heavily muscled horses to produce work animals; the development of refined, longer legged horses for speed; and the development of various gaits for ease in riding or pulling have all been influences of humans on the development of the present-day horse. A breed of horses may be defined as a group of horses having a common origin or possessing certain well-fixed, distinctive, uniformly transmitted characteristics that are not common to other horses.
Horses are broken into three common classifications according to size, build and use: Light horses, Ponies and Draft horses. Light horses stand 14-2 to 17 hands high, weigh 900 to 1,400 pounds and are used primarily for riding, driving and racing.
Light horses generally are rangier and are capable of more action and greater speed than draft horses. Hands – unit of measurement used to determine height in horse and mules.
One hand is equivalent to 4 inches. Ponies stand under 14-2 hands high and weigh 500-900 pounds. Draft horses stand 14-2 to 19 hands high, weigh 1,400 pounds or more and are used primarily for drawing loads and for heavy work. Common Light Horse Breeds Paint Horse Appaloosa Arabian Morgan Palomino Quarter Horse Tennessee Walking Horse Thoroughbred Common Breeds of Ponies Shetland Pony Welsh Pony Common Breeds of Draft Horses Belgian Clydesdale Percheron Light Breeds of Horses Paint Horse – Origin – United States Color – white with any other color; must be a recognizable paint.
There are two distinct patterns: Overo and Tobiano. Height – 14-2 to 16-2 hands Weight – 750-1300 — Height – 14 to 15-1 hands Weight – 850-1100 The dished face of the Arabian is one of its most distinguishing characteristics. Uses – saddle horses, show horses, stock horses, pleasure horses and racing. Morgan – Origin – United States in the state of Vermont; it was developed as a general purpose horse. Color – Bay, brown, black, and chestnut are the preferred colors; white markings are less common than in other breeds. Height – 14-2 to 15-2 hands Weight – 1000 to 1200 lbs Noted for their pleasing temperament and easy manageability.
They are also noted for remarkable endurance. Uses – Saddle horses, stock horses, harness horses and jumpers. Palomino – Origin – United States from animals of Spanish descent Color – Golden and white, silver or ivory mane and tail; coat color is its greatest asset. Height – 14-2 to 16 hands Weight – 900-1300 lbs The type desired in the Palomino will depend entirely on the use for which the horse is intended. Uses – Parade horses, pleasure horses, stock horses, and saddle horses. Quarter Horse – Origin – United States, primarily in the southwestern states of Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas. Color – Chestnut, sorrel, bay, dun, palomino, black, brown and roan. Height – 14 to 16 hands Weight – 1050 to 1,300lbs Well muscled and powerfully built; considered the most versatile of all the breeds. Uses – stock horses, racing and pleasure horses. Tennessee Walking Horse – Origin – Tennessee Color – Sorrel, chestnut, roan, black, white, golden, gray, bay and brown. Height – 14-15 hands Weight – 1000 to 1200 lbs The running walk is distinctive to the breed. Uses – pleasure horses, plantation walking horses and show horses. Thoroughbred – Origin – England, developed as a racing horse. Color – bay, brown, chestnut, sorrel, black and gray.
White markings on the face and legs are common. Height – 15-17 hands Weight – 900-1400 lbs Uses – race horses, saddle horses, hunters and jumpers and polo mounts. Common Breeds of Ponies
Read more about Palomino : These include the American Quarter Horse Association Amarillo the National….: