45 be available, the Executive Committee may authorize such corrections in the records as may be determined necessary or appropriate. (c) Conditional Issuance.
The certificate evidencing registration in the Numbered Section of the Stud Book or a listing in the New Appendix is issued on the following condition, which shall be printed on the face thereof: “The certificate is issued in reliance on the written application signed and attested by the individual specified by AQHA rules; and upon the express condition that AQHA has the privilege to correct and/or cancel the certificate for cause under its rules and regulations.” (d) Registration of Offspring.
In order to protect innocent, third party owners of offspring that are the product of breedings of previously eligible parents taking place prior to date of cancellation of the certificate of a parent or parents, such offspring are eligible for registration; however, a previously issued certificate shall be recalled to designate the pedigree behind the cancelled parent/s as “unknown”. 202.
REGISTRATION PROCEDURE. (a) To register a horse with AQHA, the record owner or record lessee of the foal’s dam at time of foaling (at time of breeding if an embryo transfer foal) is responsible for submitting a properly completed and signed registration application, a completed and signed breeder’s certificate, and the correct registration fee as specified in rule 222.
In the event a frozen embryo permit is used to register a foal, the owner of the permit shall sign the registration application as the owner at time of foaling. (b) Each registration application must be completed and signed by the owner of this foal’s dam at the time of foaling (at time of breeding if an embryo transfer foal) by the dam’s lessee (if a record of the lease is on file with AQHA) or by a person authorized to sign for the owner or lessee (if a record of the authorization is on file with AQHA) for the foal to be eligible for registration.
In the event a frozen embryo permit is used to register a foal, the owner of the permit shall sign the registration application as the owner at time of foaling. (c) If one parent of the horse being registered is a Thoroughbred, a photocopy of both sides of that Thoroughbred’s registration certificate issued by The Jockey Club of North America, or any Thoroughbred registry recognized by The Jockey Club of North America, must be on file in AQHA’s office to show correct ownership so any required information may be verified.
Thoroughbreds used for breeding after January 1, 1997, must comply with AQHA white requirements found in Rule 205(d) and AQHA may require four color photographs clearly showing all white markings.
As to subsequent registration applications for offspring, if the application indicates an ownership change of the Thoroughbred, an additional photocopy of both sides of its registration certificate showing such change in ownership must be filed with AQHA.
Proper fees as specified in rule 222 must be remitted. (d) Registration applications for horses foaled in any of the following countries, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Denmark, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands should be submitted to the recognized International Association for processing and submission to AQHA for approval.
Properly completed registration applications received by AQHA 46 without evidence of such processing will require notification by AQHA to the recognized International Association that such application has been received and processed.
Applicant shall not be required to pay an additional fee, other than usual AQHA registration fees, for this service and shall not be required to be a member of the International Association; however, those applicants who are not AQHA members will be subject to AQHA’s non-member fee schedule. (e) Each horse will be registered to the name of the record owner (or record lessee) of the dam at the time when this horse was foaled (if foal is result of embryo transfer refer to Rules 211 and 212), and that owner or lessee (or authorized agent) must sign the registration application.
That record owner or lessee must have a current membership when the application is submitted or a non-member registration fee will be required. (f) If, after the horse is foaled, changes of ownership occur, then each change requires a properly completed and signed transfer report with correct transfer fee as specified in rule 222. (g) When a horse is inspected for possible excessive white markings, the owner will pay AQHA a $50 inspection fee prior to the inspection.
If the horse is found to be within the limitations described in rule 205(d) and its actual markings are shown to be as indicated on the registration application and other material submitted, the inspection fee will be refunded.
Such inspection will be made on regular inspection tour only. (h) When a registration application shows the horse to be registered has white markings beyond the prescribed lines in rule 205(d), excessive white markings or white spot or spots, pictures of the horse shall be required and the horse may be inspected to determine if parentage verification is required before the application is processed. (i) Parentage must be verified through genetic testing before a foal can be registered if : (1) Either of the parents was less than 2 years of age at time of conception. (2) It was the result of an embryo/oocyte transfer. (3) It was conceived by the use of cooled transported semen. (4) It was conceived by the use of frozen semen. (5) It was more than 48 months of age at time application for registration is made. (6) Its dam was exposed to more than one stallion within a 30 day time period. (7) It has white markings exceeding the limitations specified in rule 205(d). (8) It is foaled January 1, 2007, or after and is a descendant of Impressive 0767246 as required in rule 205(c). (9) The Executive Committee has justifiable cause to question its parentage. (j) A genetic type must be on file with AQHA for any mare foaled on or after January 1, 1989, prior to the registration of any foal. (1) Proper fees as per rule 222 must be remitted. (2) Refer to rules 209(e), 212(a)(2) and 304(c). 203.
TO OBTAIN A NUMBERED CERTIFICATE.
Except as otherwise limited on proper compliance with the rules and regulations 47 of AQHA, a stallion, mare, gelding or spayed mare may be registered in the Numbered section of the Stud Book that: (a) Has a numbered American Quarter Horse sire and a numbered American Quarter Horse dam.
Such horse, when registered, shall receive a registration number.
There shall be no inspection for conformation for such registration.
For horses foaled on or after January 1, 1992, however, any undesirable trait or condition commonly considered a ‘Genetic Defect’ as listed in rule 205 shall be recorded on the registration certificate. (b) Previously has been listed in the New Appendix, and the following conditions are met: (1) the horse has qualified for Register of Merit in AQHA-approved events not restricted in any way (youth and/or amateur Register of Merit do not qualify a horse for advancement); (2) AQHA has received a signed statement from a licensed veterinarian certifying that the horse does not have a parrot mouth (see rule 205) and (3) if the horse is a stallion, AQHA has received a signed statement from a licensed veterinarian certifying it is not cryptorchid (see rule 205).
No horse having a genetic defect or undesirable trait as outlined in Rule 205 is eligible for advancement. (c) When a stallion or mare previously listed in the New Appendix attains a registration number, any offspring listed in the New Appendix shall on that date become eligible for advancement to the numbered registry.
Advancement of such offspring to the numbered registry shall be on request from the record owner and accompanied by the appendix certificate and payment of the advancement fee, or (d) Previously has been listed in the Old Appendix and which (1) has had both parents acquire an AQHA number, unless this horse already has been rejected on conformation inspection; or (2) has qualified for one of the Registers of Merit; or (3) has passed conformation inspection.
Such horse then will receive a registration number. (e) When a horse becomes eligible for advancement from the Appendix or New Appendix, it is necessary to surrender the Appendix or New Appendix certificate of registration before a numbered certificate can be issued.
If the record owner is unable to surrender the Appendix or New Appendix certificate because such certificate has been lost or destroyed, such owner or authorized agent must provide AQHA with a notarized statement giving satisfactory cause and reason why the certificate cannot be surrendered, along with four current full-view photographs of the horse, both sides, front and rear, whereupon AQHA may issue the numbered certificate. (f) Was foaled in an international country having a Quarter Horse Association recognized by the American Quarter Horse Association that operates its own stud book; was issued a registration certificate by such international association; and which traces to a minimum of 93.75percent (15/16) lineage to horses issued numbered registration certificates by the American Quarter Horse Association.
To receive such numbered certificate from the American Quarter Horse Association, the horse’s owner must make application through the recognized international association in the country he resides to supply the American Quarter Horse Association all required proof of breeding and identification.
Registration fee shall be twenty-five dollars ($25), or sixty-five dollars ($65) if owner does not have a current membership.
This procedure is applicable only to horses that were foaled after July 31, 1975. 48 (g) Proper fees as per rule 222 must be remitted. 204.
TO OBTAIN AN APPENDIX CERTIFICATE.
Except as otherwise limited on proper compliance with the rules and regulations of AQHA, a stallion, mare, gelding or spayed mare that has one parent with an AQHA number and the other parent registered in the New Appendix, The Jockey Club of North America or any Thoroughbred registry recognized by The Jockey Club of North America may be listed in the New Appendix. (a) There shall be no inspection for conformation for such registration.
For horses foaled on or after January 1, 1992, however, any undesirable trait or condition commonly considered a ‘Genetic Defect’ as listed in rule 205 shall be recorded on the registration certificate. (b) When application is made to register a foal sired by an unnamed Thoroughbred stallion or out of an unnamed Thoroughbred mare, that stallion or mare must be named with approval of The Jockey Club before the registration of the foal can be completed. (c) Horses listed in the New Appendix shall be eligible to compete in AQHA-approved events subject to meeting the requirements established for these events. (d) Any stallion or mare listed in the New Appendix that cannot qualify for at least one of the Registers of Merit shall remain in the New Appendix, unless both parents have qualified for a numbered American Quarter Horse Association certificate and the foal meets all other requirements. (e) A horse is eligible to receive a new appendix certificate if foaled in an international country with a Quarter Horse Association recognized by the American Quarter Horse Association which operates its own stud book; was issued a registration certificate by such association; and which traces to a minimum of 93.75 percent (15/16) lineage to horses registered with the American Quarter Horse Association and the Jockey Club of North America or any Thoroughbred registry recognized by the Jockey Club of North America.
To receive such new appendix certificate from the American Quarter Horse Association, the horse’s owner must make application through the recognized international association in the country he resides to supply the American Quarter Horse Association all required proof of breeding and identification.
Registration fee shall be $25, or $65 if owner does not have a current membership.
This procedure is applicable only to horses that were foaled after July 31, 1975. (f) Proper fees as per rule 222 must be remitted. 205.
GENETIC DEFECTS AND UNDESIRABLE TRAITS.
The conditions listed below and commonly considered undesirable traits or genetic defects by the Board of Directors shall be indicated on the registration certificate for horses foaled on or after the indicated date, once the condition is known.
Upon discovery, the owner shall immediately report such condition to AQHA for marking its condition on the registration certificate as provided below.
Failure to timely report these conditions may subject the owner to possible disciplinary action.
One or more of these conditions does not prevent a horse from being used as breeding stock or from participating in AQHAapproved events, subject to rules of the individual event: (a) Parrot Mouth – either overshot or undershot, defined by the American Association of Equine Practitioners as “no occlusal contact between the upper and lower central incisors.” Designation 49 effective for foals born on or after January 1, 1992. (b) Cryptorchid – meaning less than two visible testicles descended into the scrotum.
Designation effective for foals born on or after January 1, 1992. (c) Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP) – designation effective for foals born on or after January 1, 1998.
A muscular disease caused by a hereditary genetic defect that leads to uncontrolled muscle twitching or profound muscle weakness, and in severe cases, may lead to collapse and/or death.
According to research, this condition exists in certain descendants of the stallion Impressive, AQHA registration number 0767246. (1) The following notification shall be placed on registration certificates of foals descending from the stallion Impressive or any other bloodline determined to carry the HYPP gene: “This horse has an ancestor known to carry HYPP, designated under AQHA rules as a genetic defect.
AQHA recommends testing to confirm presence or absence of this gene.” When the parent(s) tracing from the HYPP line has tested negative for HYPP with an appropriate designation appearing on their registration certificate, the above notification is not required, and will, instead, be substituted by the designation “N/N”; or, after testing negative for the gene, the notification may be substituted by the designation “N/N” upon request of the owner at his or her expense. (2) Mandatory testing for HYPP.
At such time as AQHA requires mandatory parentage verification of any foals to be registered in either the numbered or appendix registry, (see 202(i)) any foal tracing to bloodlines known to carry the HYPP gene shall be tested for HYPP at the time the genetic testing for parentage is performed.
The results will be designated on the registration certificate in lieu of the above notification.
Such testing will not be necessary if the foal’s closest ancestors, tracing to the HYPP line, have been tested negative and designated on their registration certificates, these foals will automatically be designated “N/N” on their registration certificate. (3) Effective with foals born on or after January 1, 2007, all descendants of the stallion Impressive, AQHA registration number 0767246, shall be required to be parentage verified and HYPP tested, subject to the conditions in (c)(2) above.
Any foal testing homozygous positive for HYPP (H/H) will not be eligible for registration with AQHA. (d) White Markings: A horse having white markings with underlying light skin beyond any one of the following described lines shall be eligible for registration by AQHA only if it is parentage verified through DNA typing the offspring, its sire and its dam.
Breeders should be aware that the American Quarter Horse, while long recognized, identified and promoted as a solid-colored horse, can and does occasionally produce offspring with overo paint characteristics.
Such markings are uncharacteristic of the breed and are considered to be undesirable traits.
The following notification shall be placed on registration certificates of horses exceeding these marking limitations: “This horse has white markings designated under AQHA rules as an undesirable trait and uncharacteristic of the breed.” (1) A line parallel with the ground drawn around the front leg at the point halfway between the point of the elbow (the center of the olecranon tuberosity or proximal epiphysis of the ulna) and the protrusion on the back of the knee (the accessory carpal 50 bone or lateral styloid process). (2) A line parallel with the ground at the center of the gaskin on the hind legs. (The center of the gaskin shall be defined as an imaginary point on the front of the gaskin equidistant between the stifle joint and the center of the hock.) The top point of reference to be the bony protrusion on the inside (medial) of the stifle region (technically known as the medial condyle of the tibia) and the most prominent bony protrusion at the top and inside of the hock (technically known as the medial malleolus of the tibia). (3) A line around the horse’s neck immediately behind the poll and through the midpoint of the throat latch. (4) Within an area described as two inches on either side of the ventral midline, beginning at a point midway between the front legs and extending to, and including, the sheath and udder. (5) Additionally, there is allowed a single area of white markings with underlying light skin, such that it can be completely covered with a disk one inch in diameter, either free standing on the horse’s body or being a portion of white marking extending past the above prescribed lines. (6) Areas of white, pink or mottled skin located on the horse’s genitalia, including the sheath or udder, in the axillary region (armpits) or inside the hind legs, including the inner surface of the hindquarters up to and including the ventral surface of the tail, and which are not readily visible when the horse is in a standing position are not considered white markings as described in (d) above. 206.
EXTRAORDINARY REGISTRATION (a) The Executive Committee shall have authority to declare eligible for registration as breeding stock only, a horse whose registration certificate has been previously cancelled, but, in the majority opinion of the Executive Committee, is outstanding by performance or produce, and thus worthy of registration as breeding stock, though lacking some technical requirement of AQHA rules to allow it to remain registered. (1) “Outstanding by performance or produce” shall mean that the horse, before its certificate was cancelled, attained the designation of “AQHA Superior Event Horse,” or that one or more of its offspring attained such designation. (2) The Executive Committee shall accept as breeding stock only those horses that have a sire or dam which have a numbered certificate (registered in the numbered section of the Stud Book), and (1) the other parent so registered; or (2) listed in the AQHA New Appendix registry; or (3) registered with The Jockey Club of North America or any Thoroughbred registry recognized by The Jockey Club of North America; or (4) is proven to the satisfaction of the Executive Committee by genetic testing to be eligible by pedigree for a registration status named above. (3) A horse is not eligible for consideration under this rule if it has a parrot mouth, cryptorchid condition or excessive white markings as such conditions are defined by AQHA rules. (b) An owner may make application for consideration under this rule by payment of the requisite fee and submission of such photographs, reports of pedigree substantiation and other supporting materials as the Executive Committee may, from time to time, require. (c) Proper fees as per rule 222 must be remitted. 51 207.
AUTHORIZATIONS (a) When a horse is owned by a company, ranch, farm, club, corporation, university or school, family or partnership of related or unrelated persons, AQHA must have an authorization form on file to indicate who may sign documents for that entity.
Written authorization is also required when an individual owner appoints another individual to sign in his or her behalf.
Authorization forms are available upon request from AQHA at no charge. (b) On all AQHA documents, except transfers as limited in rule 224 (d), AQHA shall recognize the signature of any one of the joint owners of a horse if such owner is named on the horse’s current registration certificate.
Additionally, AQHA shall recognize the signature of any individual partner when that person is shown as an individual in the partnership name. (c) In the case of a minor younger than 18 years of age, AQHA requires a statement from the legal guardian or parent giving the birth date of the child and designating the person(s) signing on behalf of the minor. (d) When the owner of a horse is deceased, AQHA must have legal documentation on file appointing the agent or representative for the estate (letters testamentary, letters of administration, etc.) and bearing the original certification or seal of the clerk of the probate court.
In the event there was not formal probate of the estate, an affidavit of heirship must be completed by the heirs and notarized.
Affidavit of heirship forms are available from AQHA at no charge. (e) Authorization of agent may be cancelled by written notification signed by record owner or record lessee.
Such termination of authorization will take effect on the date received at AQHA. (f) When an authorization is granted by a lessee, that authorization will remain in effect until the date the cancellation of the authorization or termination of lease is received in AQHA’s office. 208.
STALLION BREEDING REPORT (a) The owner, authorized agent or lessee of every American Quarter Horse stallion must make a written report showing the names, registration numbers and breeding date(s) of exposure of all registered American Quarter Horse and Thoroughbred mares exposed to said stallion since the previous November 30, and the owner, authorized agent or lessee of every registered Thoroughbred stallion must make a written report showing the names, registration numbers and breeding date(s) of exposure of all registered American Quarter Horse mares exposed to said stallion since the previous November 30.
Such report must be postmarked or delivered to AQHA on or before November 30 of the breeding year.
Proper fees as per rule 222 must be remitted.
A payment of $30 in addition to the usual filing fees will be required for reports submitted after November 30 of the breeding year.
Such reports for stallions standing south of the equator must be postmarked or delivered to AQHA’s office on or before June 30 of the breeding year, and a payment of $30 in addition to the usual filing fees will be required for reports submitted after June 30 of the breeding year. (b) This report shall include all mares owned by the owner of the stallion as well as mares owned by other parties.
Mares bred with cooled transported semen or frozen semen must be designated on the report.
The report shall be made on a form provided free of charge by AQHA or online at aqha.com. 52 (c) Persons using a retained semen rights permit (refer to rule 209) must file a stallion breeding report or supplemental stallion breeding report listing mares bred using the stored semen by November 30 of the breeding season and pay fees specified in rule 222.
If the report is filed after November 30, a late fee of $30 in addition to the usual filing fee will be required to submit a report after the deadline. (d) Absent verification from an owner or lessee of a stallion indicating otherwise, only one foal can be registered per mare listing on a stallion breeding report.
In order for multiple foals resulting from breedings to a particular mare to be registered, the mare must be listed multiple times (with breeding dates) on the stallion breeding report corresponding to the number of foals sought to be registered.
The requisite per mare fee specified in rule 222 is required for each multiple listing referenced in the preceding sentence, subject to the deadlines listed in rule 208(a) above. (e) Thirty days (30) must elapse between exposure to different stallions for foals to be eligible for registration.
Refer to rule 202(i)(6). (f) If the stallion for which the report is being filed is a Thoroughbred, a photocopy of both sides of that Thoroughbred’s registration certificate issued by The Jockey Club of North America or any Thoroughbred registry recognized by The Jockey Club of North America, must be recorded with the fee in AQHA’s office showing the correct ownership and photographs clearly showing white markings as required by rule 202(c). (g) Proper fees as per rule 222 must be remitted. 209.
ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION, COOLED TRANSPORTED SEMEN AND FROZEN SEMEN (a) If cooled semen or frozen semen is to be transported for the purpose of breeding a mare or mares at any place other than the premises of collection, the stallion owner or lessee and mare owner must both complete their respective portions of the collection/insemination certificate which must accompany the shipment of cooled semen or frozen semen to the mare owner.
See (c) below. (b) A collection/insemination certificate form will be provided by AQHA, at no charge, to the stallion owner or agent.
The collection/insemination certificate must be completed in part by the stallion owner/lessee and accompany the semen transported to the mare owner or agent.
This certificate is not to be confused with a breeder’s certificate (see rule 211) and cannot be used as such. (c) Upon receiving the semen and the collection/insemination certificate from the stallion owner, the owner or lessee of the mare for which semen is received shall complete and sign the certificate, including the date of insemination.
This certificate (not a breeder’s certificate) shall be sent in time to be received by the AQHA office within 15 days from the date of insemination.
Any subsequent breeding in the same breeding season will require another certificate. (d) The stallion owner or lessee shall clearly distinguish those mares bred using transported cooled semen or frozen semen and those mares bred immediately following collection, hand bred or pasture bred on the Stallion Breeding Report (see rule 208). (e) In the event a stallion owner wishes to sell a stallion, but retain rights to use frozen semen, he may purchase retained semen rights permits for $50 each from AQHA.
The application for purchase must be on a form provided by AQHA.
The application must 53 be signed by the record owner or lessee of the stallion and only the record owner or lessee can purchase retained semen rights permits.
Once a stallion is sold, a former owner or lessee cannot purchase additional permits from AQHA. (1) Each of the retained semen rights permits purchased may be used as the stallion breeder’s certificate for the registration of only one foal.
These permits shall require only the signature of the permit owner.
AQHA will record the number of outstanding permits for each individual stallion and that number will be a matter of public record.
It is the ultimate responsibility of a prospective buyer to confirm with the seller, the number of outstanding permit applications not yet recorded on AQHA records as of the date of sale. (2) The ownership of the retained semen rights permits may be transferred.
Each transfer of ownership of the permit shall be recorded by AQHA.
The rules of transfer of ownership as listed in rule 224 for transfer of ownership of a horse shall apply, except the request to transfer ownership of the permit shall be accompanied by the retained semen rights permit instead of the certificate of registration. (3) Purchaser of the retained semen rights permit is responsible for filing the appropriate stallion breeding report as required by rule 208 and paying the requisite filing fees. (f) Any foal resulting from the use of transported cooled semen or frozen semen must have its pedigree verified by genetic testing, including sire, dam and foal and/or by other genetic testing as AQHA deems necessary, all expense of which shall be the registration applicant’s.
In addition, the Executive Committee has the authority to require parentage verification by genetic testing of all foals born on any premise receiving transported semen. (g) Any foal resulting from the use of transported cooled semen or frozen semen shall not be registered without a transported semen or frozen semen breeder’s certificate (not the breeder’s certificate on the registration application).
Such breeder’s certificates are available at no charge to stallion owners upon request. (h) The Executive Committee has the authority to send representatives to inspect the premises and practices of any person or breeding establishment using artificial insemination and no person shall refuse, upon reasonable request, full access to said premises. (i) When a foal is produced by cooled transported semen or frozen semen, such fact will be listed on its registration certificate. 210.
GENETIC TESTING (a) If there is justifiable cause to question parentage of a foal, the Executive Committee may require the foal, sire and dam to be genetically tested, the expenses of which shall be allocated as the Executive Committee determines.
The results of this test, together with other available information, may be taken into consideration by the Executive Committee in its determination of the foal’s parentage as recognized by AQHA.
Such genetic testing shall be done by an organization approved by AQHA. (b) The owner or lessee of a stallion exposed to one or more mares after January 1, 1998, as reported to AQHA, shall, at his own expense, file with AQHA a written report of the stallion’s genetic type, obtained from a laboratory approved by AQHA, and in accordance with procedures adopted by AQHA.
Presence of an AQHA identifier at the time the sample is obtained is not required.
Once 54 — 140 nal gait.
The horse works from one pair of diagonals to the other pair.
The jog should be square, balanced and with straight, forward movement of the feet.
Horses walking with their back feet and trotting in the front are not considered performing the required gait.
When asked to extend the jog, it moves out with the same smooth way of going. (3) The lope is an easy, rhythmical three-beat gait.
Horses moving to the left should lope on the left lead.
Horses moving to the right should lope on the right lead.
Horses traveling at a fourbeat gait are not considered to be performing at a proper lope.
The horse should lope with a natural stride and appear relaxed and smooth.
It should be ridden at a speed that is a natural way of going.
The head should be carried at an angle which is natural and suitable to the horse’s conformation at all gaits. (b) The following terminology shall apply in all English classes: (1) Walk is a natural, flat-footed, four-beat gait.
The horse must move straight and true at the walk.
The walk must be alert, with a stride of reasonable length in keeping with the size of the horse.
Loss of forward rhythmic movement shall be penalized. (2) Trot is a two-beat gait, comprising long, low, groundcovering, cadenced and balanced strides.
Smoothness is more essential than speed.
The knees should remain relatively flat, exhibiting minimal flexion.
Short, quick strides and/or extreme speed shall be penalized.
When asked to extend the trot, there should be a definite lengthening of the stride. (3) Canter is a three-beat gait; smooth, free moving, relaxed and straight on both leads.
The stride should be long, low and ground covering.
Over-collected four-beat canter is to be penalized.
Excessive speed is to be penalized. (4) Hand gallop should be a definite lengthening of the stride with a noticeable difference in speed.
The horse should be under control at all times and be able to halt in a smooth, balanced manner. (c) The following terminology shall apply to Pleasure Driving: (1) Walk; a natural, flat-footed, four-beat gait.
Loss of forward rhythmic movement shall be penalized. (2) Park gait; a forward, free-flowing, square trot with impulsion.
Loss of forward, rhythmic movement or jogging shall be penalized. (3) Road gait; an extended trot showing a definite lengthening of stride, with a noticeable difference in speed.
Short, quick, animated strides and/or excessive speed shall be penalized. (d) The following terminology is a description of western pleasure gaits: The Walk (1) Poor walk – uneven pace and no cadence.
Has no flow and may appear intimidated or appear to march. (2) Average walk – has a four-beat gait, level top-line and is relaxed. (3) Good walk – has a flowing four-beat gait, level topline, relaxed and is bright and attentive.
The Jog (1) Extremely poor jog – cannot perform a two-beat gait and has no flow or balance in the motion. (2) Very poor jog – hesitates in the motion.
Does not keep an even and balanced motion or a level top-line.
May appear to shuffle. (3) Poor jog – average motion but has negative character- 141 istics such as; walking with the hind legs, dragging the rear toes or taking an uneven length of stride with the front and rear legs. (4) Correct or average jog – has a two-beat gait, a level top-line and a relaxed appearance. (5) Good jog – has an average motion with positive characteristics such as balance and self-carriage while taking the same length of stride with the front and rear legs. (6) Very good jog – is comfortable to ride while having a consistent two-beat gait.
The horse guides well, appears relaxed and has a level top-line. (7) Excellent jog – effortless and very efficient motion.
Swings the legs yet touches the ground softly.
Confident, yet soft with its motion while being balanced and under control.
Moves flat with the knee and hock and has some cushion in the pastern.
Has a bright and alert expression and exhibits more lift and self-carriage than the “very good jog”.
Moderate Extended Jog (1) Poor extended jog – never lengthens the stride and may appear rough to ride. (2) Average extended jog – moves up in its pace and appears smooth to ride. (3) Good extended jog – has an obvious lengthening of stride with a slight increase in pace while exerting less effort and appears smooth to ride.
The Lope (1) Extremely poor lope – does not have a three-beat gait.
Has no flow, rhythm or balance.
Uncomfortable to ride. (2) Very poor lope – appears to have a three-beat lope but has no lift or self-carriage.
The horse shuffles, has no flow and bobs his head, giving the appearance of exerting a great deal of effort to perform the gait.
Also may appear uncomfortable to ride. (3) Poor lope – has an average motion but exhibits negative characteristics like head bobbing, not completing the stride with the front leg and leaving the outside hock well behind the horse’s buttocks. (4) Average lope – has a true three-beat gait with a level top-line and very little head and neck motion.
He is relatively straight (not over-canted), guides well and has a relaxed appearance. (5) Good lope – has an average motion but exhibits positive characteristics in his performance like self-carriage, a steady topline, relaxed appearance and is responsive to the rider’s aids. (6) Very good lope – has more lift and flow than the average horse.
He has a strong but smooth drive from behind.
He may bend his knee slightly yet still has a level top-line while exhibiting self-carriage with a relaxed appearance.
Appears comfortable to ride. (7) Excellent lope – has a round back with an effortless strong, deep stride with the rear legs and a flat swing with the front legs.
He keeps a level top-line, a relaxed yet alert and confident appearance and is correct but soft.
A special horse with a great degree of lift and self-carriage.
The Back-Up (1) Poor back-up – is resistant and heavy in front.
May gap the mouth and throw his head or back crooked. (2) Average back-up – backs straight and quietly with light contact and without hesitation. 142 (3) Good back-up – displays balanced and smooth flowing movements.
Backs straight with self-carriage without gapping the mouth with light contact and without hesitation. 448.
HALTER CLASSES (a) A halter class is defined as a class where the horse is judged based upon its conformation. (b) The purpose of the class is to preserve American Quarter Horse type by selecting well-mannered individuals in the order of their resemblance to the breed ideal and that are the most positive combination of balance, structural correctness, and movement with appropriate breed and sex characteristics and adequate muscling. (c) The ideal American Quarter Horse shown at halter is a horse that is generally considered to be solid in color and possesses the following characteristics: the horse should possess eye appeal that is the result of a harmonious blending of an attractive head; refined throat latch; well-proportioned, trim neck; long, sloping shoulder; deep heart girth; short back; strong loin and coupling; long hip and croup; and well-defined and muscular stifle, gaskin, forearm and chest.
All stallions 2 years old and over shall have two visible testicles.
These characteristics should be coupled with straight and structurally correct legs and feet that are free of blemishes.
The horse should be a balanced athlete that is muscled uniformly throughout. (1) All horses whose registration certificates are marked with a Parrot Mouth notation (see Rule 205(a)), cryptorchid notation (see Rule 205(b)) or excessive white notation (see Rule 205(d)) are ineligible to compete in halter classes. (2) One of the most important criteria in selecting a horse is conformation, or its physical appearance.
While it could be assumed that most horses with several years’ seasoning and past performance have acceptable conformation, the goal in selection should always be to find the best conformed horse possible. (3) Rating conformation depends upon objective evaluation of the following four traits: balance, structural correctness, breed and sex characteristics, and degree of muscling.
Of the four, balance is the single most important, and refers to the structural and aesthetic blending of body parts.
Balance is influenced almost entirely by skeletal structure. (d) Halter Equipment (1) Lip chains: The following horses may not be shown with any chain through the mouth including but not limited to lip chains: (A) Mares (B) Geldings (C) Weanling stallions (D) Performance Halter stallions, mares or geldings (2) Stallions 1 year of age and older may not be shown with any chain through the mouth with the sole exception that they may be shown with lip chains with unsecured keepers so long as at least two links of the chain remain outside of halter before attachment of keeper or leather part of lead shank. (e) PROCEDURE FOR JUDGING THE CLASS: (1) Horses will walk to the judge one at a time.
As the horse approaches, the judge will step to the right (left of the horse) to enable the horse to trot straight to a cone placed 50 feet (15 meters) away.
At the cone, the horse will continue trotting, turn to the left and trot toward the left wall or fence of the arena.
After trotting, hors- 143 es will be lined up head to tail for individual inspection by the judge.
The judge shall inspect each horse from both sides, front and rear. (A) Any horse that becomes detached from its handler and is no longer under control by the handler will automatically be disqualified and excused.
If the initial horse exhibiting poor mannerisms (ie rearing, backing or falling into others, etc.) causes other exhibitor(s) to lose their horse(s), only the initiating horse will be disqualified and excused.
The decision of the judge(s) will be final. (B) The fall of a horse being judged in halter shall be cause for disqualification.
A horse is considered having fallen when he or she is on their side with all four feet extended in the same direction. (2) All lame horses should be excused from the ring prior to final placing by the judge.
All stallions 2 years old and over shall be examined to confirm that they have two visible testicles.
All mares and stallions shall be examined for Parrot Mouth (see Rule 205(a)).
If examination reveals that a horse has Parrot Mouth or is cryptorchid, such horse should be excused from the ring prior to final placing by the judge regardless of whether the Parrot Mouth or cryptorchid condition is marked on the horse’s registration certificate.
The judge should line the horses to be placed in a head to tail order according to preference. (f) A horse may be exhibited in only one point-earning open halter class. (g) In no individual halter classes may horses from two sex divisions be exhibited in the same class. (h) Spayed mares cannot be shown in any halter class. (i) The following open halter classes are recommended with separate classes for each sex in each age division: Weanling: 1) fillies 2) colts 3) geldings Yearling: 1) fillies 2) colts 3) geldings 2-year-old: 1) fillies 2) colts 3) geldings 3-year-old: 1) fillies 2) stallions 3) geldings 4-year-old and older: 1) mares 2) stallions 3) geldings Broodmares: Mares that have produced and carried a full-term foal in the current year or the previous year.
Mares may be any age.
Mares shown in the broodmare class are not eligible to compete in any filly or mare class listed above, nor is any mare shown in any filly or mare class listed above eligible to compete in a broodmare class. (j) PERFORMANCE HALTER (1) The performance halter class is required in the Open, Amateur and Youth divisions when halter classes are offered.
Only an all-age class will be held.
Separate classes will be held for stallions, mares and geldings in the Open and Amateur divisions.
Separate classes will be held for mares and geldings in the Youth division. (2) First and second place in the performance halter class will be eligible for Grand and Reserve in each sex division.
The number of entries in the performance halter class count toward the total for each sex division in determining points for Grand and Reserve. (3) To be eligible to compete in the performance halter class, a Register of Merit in performance or racing must be earned and recorded on the horse’s record.
A racing Register of Merit only 144 applies to the Open division.
Proof of Register of Merit must be provided to show management.
A performance Register of Merit must be earned in the division in which it is to compete, (for example: if a horse competes in the Amateur division, the performance Register of Merit must have been earned in the Amateur division). (4) The Register of Merit applies to the horse.
If the horse is transferred, the horse is eligible to compete with the new owner if the performance Register of Merit was earned in that particular division. (5) A horse may not show in the age division halter class and the performance halter class at the same show in a particular division. (k) When judging of all classes in a halter division has been completed, all first and second-place class winners of that sex division shall return to the ring, with first-place class winners in one line and second-place horses from each class in another line. (1) It is mandatory that the judge select a Grand Champion and Reserve Champion in each sex division in open, youth and amateur divisions having three or more entries. (2) The judge(s) shall select the Grand Champion stallion, mare or gelding from the first-place class winners in the respective sex division.
If the first-place horse does not return for any reason, the second-place horse will move up to the first-place line and be considered for Grand and Reserve.
The third-place horse cannot move up to second place in the class.
All first-place horses will retain points in their respective class. (3) The ring steward shall take the second-place horse in the class from which the Grand Champion had been selected and place it in the line with the first-place class winners, to be judged equally for the title of Reserve Champion stallion, mare or gelding in the respective sex division. (l) In amateur halter or youth competition, when an exhibitor has qualified two or more horses for Grand and Reserve Champion, only another amateur or youth may assist that exhibitor as long as the amateur or youth who originally qualified the horses leads one of the horses in that class.
An amateur cannot lead a non-owned horse in the open division for Grand and/or Reserve Champion.
The amateur would be considered in violation of AQHA Rule 403(a)(5). (m) In addition to the requirements of rules 415 and 416, AQHA will so note the awarding of the title of Grand Champion and Reserve Champion Stallion, Mare and Gelding on the performance record only when at least three horses are exhibited in that sex division. 449.
GROUP HALTER CLASSES (a) Horses shown in a group class must be eligible to show in their individual halter class at that show. (b) The following additional classes are recommended if interest or entries justify them, but no points will be awarded for Register of Merit or Championship. (1) Produce of Dam.
Two produce, 4 years old and younger of either sex, per dam, may be shown.
The dam need not be shown.
The entry at the show must be made by the owner of the dam or by someone with written permission from the owner of the dam, but it is unnecessary for the produce to be owned by the owner of the dam. (2) Get of Sire.
Three get, 4 years old and younger of 145 either sex, per sire, may be shown.
The sire need not be shown.
The entry at the show must be made by the owner of the sire or by someone with written permission from the owner of the sire, but it is unnecessary for the get to be owned by the owner of the sire. 450.
PERFORMANCE CLASSES (a) Approval may be obtained to hold junior and senior classes for any of the events listed in rule 417, except western pleasure, reining and working cow horse events which may be divided into three classes as per rules 451(q), 452(m) and 464B(b).
No 2-year-old may be shown in any performance class prior to July 1 of its 2-yearold year, except in showmanship at halter. (b) Jumping, team penning, and ranch sorting are all-age classes only. (c) Only junior horses 5 years old and younger may be exhibited in junior classes. (d) Only senior horses 6 years old and older may be exhibited in senior classes. (e) Junior and senior classes, junior and hackamore/snaffle bit classes or all three classes (senior, junior and snaffle bit/hackamore) may be combined only when there are two or less entries in one or both divisions, or all-age classes split at the direction of the judge and the show management with the unanimous consent of all exhibitors involved in the class (or classes) in question.
If a show wishes to combine a junior and senior bit reining class and has a hackamore/snaffle bit reining class, the hackamore/snaffle bit class still will be recognized as an approved class.
Entries will be accepted after a class is combined.
If classes are combined and additional entries are accepted such that there are now three or more entries in both open classes or youth divisions, classes must be split back the way they were originally offered. (f) In all performance classes where each entry performs individually, the order of competition shall be determined by show management drawing lots.
Horses entered in any class must be assembled in ample time for judging to start on time and continue without delay.
They must remain in readiness until dismissed by the judge.
A tardy contestant may be denied competition. (g) It is mandatory that shows with multiple judges and arenas that offer the option of work at will for trail, western riding and working hunter must group like exhibitors together.
Working order for each group may be worked in a random order.
For example, if the caliber of exhibitors and/or horses for Novice and 13 and under are similar, they would be worked as one group.
Then, if the caliber of exhibitors and/or horses for Select, Junior and 14 to 18 are similar, they would be worked in a different group and could compete on a more difficult course.
The same pattern must be used within each group. (h) It is mandatory all patterns and courses be posted at least one hour prior to the class commencing. (i) In all performance classes, horses are to be ridden astride, except in pleasure driving where they will be driven, and in showmanship where they are led with a halter. (j) The score in the eliminations or go-rounds, and the score of each horse in the finals, or the score in the finals only, will determine the final placings; consistency of performance to be recognized as a major factor. (k) In any performance class, the judge: 146 (1) shall not call contestants off the rail at any gait other than a walk, where horses are worked on the rail. (2) may, at his/her discretion, require the backing of only the finalists in the class where backing is required. (3) may at his/her discretion penalize the horse, anytime a horse is ridden with a hackamore and has an open, raw or bleeding sore that comes in contact with the hackamore, or if the horse appears sullen, dull, lethargic, emaciated, drawn or overly tired. (4) may disqualify a horse any time a horse’s mouth is bleeding. (5) is not to penalize a horse for the manner in which it carries its tail nor for normal response with its tail to cues from its rider or when changing leads.
A judge may, at his/her discretion, penalize a horse for excessive or exaggerated switching or wringing of the tail or for a seemingly dead tail that merely dangles between the legs and does not show normal response. (6) The fall of a horse or rider being judged shall be cause for disqualification in all classes except for team penning and ranch sorting.
A horse is considered having fallen when he or she is on their side and all four feet are extended in the same direction.
Rider is considered to have fallen when he or she is not astride. (l) Any time a horse’s mouth is tied or fastened in a performance class, it shall be disqualified. (m) In open competition, an exhibitor may enter one or more horses in a class, but each horse may have only one rider per class.
In individual open working events (reining, working cow horse, western riding, barrel racing, pole bending, jumping, working hunter, trail, tie-down roping, dally team roping – heading, dally team roping – heeling, team penning, ranch sorting and cutting) a rider may: (1) Exhibit two horses in a junior class. (2) Exhibit two horses in a senior class. (3) Exhibit three horses in an all-age class as long as two are junior and one is senior; or two are senior and one is junior. (4) Exhibit up to four horses in an all-age class as long as two are junior and two are senior horses.
In addition: In all youth, novice youth, amateur and novice amateur individual working performance events, a youth or amateur may show up to two horses regardless of sex, except in youth, novice youth or novice amateur classes where stallions are prohibited. (5) In group performance amateur classes, an exhibitor may show only one horse, either in the select or all-ages.
In individually worked amateur performance classes offered as select, only two horses may be shown.
No more than two horses may be shown in amateur division classes. (6) No horse may be shown in more than one youth or amateur subdivision of any type of event. (Example: A horse ridden in a reining class by a youth in the 11-year-old and younger group cannot also be ridden in a reining class by a youth in the 15-through 18-year-old group.) However, the same horse may be shown in a novice class, then shown by another exhibitor in the youth or amateur division. (n) No exhibitor 18 years of age or under may be tied, buckled or fastened in the saddle in any manner or by any means during youth or novice youth competition. (o) If there is an elimination, each horse must be ridden in the 147
Read more about Parrot Mouth : b Previously has been listed in the New Appendix and….: