Passenger : Hands too high or too low Jumped loose Under fence….

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In addition, under notes, there can be three kinds of comments easily referred to: one for general impressions, one for way of moving, and one for style of fencing: (tns) Tense horse (scp) No scope (tns) Tense horse (scp) No scope (str) Strong (ch) Choppy strided (gm) Good mover (fm) Fair mover (bm) Bad mover (gj) Good jumper (fj) Fair jumper (bj) Bad jumper 4.

When one first starts judging hunters, the eyes are not usually fast enough to catch multiple problems that occur at a fence, so a judge will usually just put one or two major things down in each box.

At first, because of this, a judge need not have very many symbols that he or she uses.

But as he or she judges more, he or she will develop his or her eye to see more faults at a fence and will need more symbols to describe them quickly. 5.

Once a judge has written down the description of the horse’s performance at each fence and between fences, he or she lists general comments and rates the entry as to moving and jumping style, then gives the total round a numerical “grade.” Below are suggestions for a system for the numerical score. 0–not completed or eliminated 40–two or more major faults (rail down or stop) 50–one major fault 60-69–poor performance (D) 70-79–average performance (C) 80-89–good performance (B) 90-100–excellent performance (A) A list of faults may be found in USEF HU127. 35 As for lead changes on course, the ideal demonstrates flying changes throughout the course.

This is followed by the horse that does not change leads, followed by the horse that executes simple changes of leads, followed by a horse that cross canters. 6.

Although a judge should try to have an objective standard of what he or she thinks a particular round should be, it is necessary to place the horses relative to each other.

Therefore, if a particular round deserves an 82, but after comparing it with the other rounds, the judge may give it an 81 or 83.

This is where the written symbols and comments become invaluable, since a judge cannot always remember every horse’s performance. 7.

There are two other things that one can do as a procedural matter to facilitate the bookkeeping process.

One is to write the type of fence above the boxes containing the fence numbers.

This makes it easier to describe to an exhibitor at which fence his horse made a mistake.

It also is a better memory jogger when comparing rounds of two close horses.

The second thing is to keep a running order of the high-scoring rounds that seem likely to be in the ribbons at the top of the card.

Then the judge can avoid delays from the time the last horse leaves the ring until turning in his card.

Exhibitors and management both appreciate an efficient judge who does not delay the show with his bookkeeping procedures.

Be sure to jog back, for soundness, all horses being considered for a ribbon.

If the number of entries allows, jog back 2 more than the number of ribbons. 36 d.

HUNT SEAT EQUITATION–OVER FENCES, see USEF Rule Book (MO12, Equitation Division EQ). 1.

Regarding a bookkeeping system for equitation over fences, the procedure for marking a card is the same as for hunters, with a number of exceptions.


The main one is that the judge is now judging the rider, not the horse.

Although the horse’s performance is irrelevant (unless caused by fault of the rider), it goes without saying that a smoother, more seasoned horse will cover many equitation problems that a rider might have.

We must then look at the rider and pay careful attention to his hands, position, technique, and effectiveness, and particularly how obvious the rider’s aids are to obtain that effectiveness.


We do not need the column for the horse’s way of moving because the horse is not being judged in this division.


We do not need the column for the horse’s style of jumping because that too is not judged in equitation classes.


We need to use a set of symbols that are rider-oriented, not horseoriented.

Possibly some of the hunter symbols would apply, but definitely the rider symbols would be more important than the horse symbols in general, with the exception of the horse symbols that reflect a serious omission or commission of the rider.


Examples of some equitation symbols that can be used are as follows: Good fence No release Fair fence Rider jumped ahead of horse Rider left behind Rider caught behind, but not badly Looks down Ducks to one side Loose leg f.

Some general comments that can be used are as follows: 1.

Loose 2.

Unsympathetic hands 3.

Hands flat 4.

Bad eyes 5.

Elbows out 6.

Hands too high or too low Jumped loose Under fence Sits in air Passenger Rail down (only if it is the rider’s fault) Refusal 37 7.

Lost stirrup 8.

Ducks 9.

Looks down 10.

Stiff 11.

No release 12.

Rounds back 13.

Throws body 14.

Inflexible heels 15.

Loose knees 16.

Toes in too far or out PART III: TACK & EQUIPMENT 1.


BRIDLES should be plain hunting style, with bitting to include snaffles, pelhams or full bridles (excessive length of curb to be penalized).

Plain cavesson nosebands are recommended (flash, figure-eight, dropped and decorated nosebands and browbands are not traditional in the Hunter Division).

The judge may penalize for non-conventional types of bits and nosebands.competitors may be refused an award unless they return for jogging soundness in the same bridle in which they performed.


SADDLES must be of hunting or forward-seat style with workmanlike fittings and with or without a shaped pad.

Large blanket or square quilted pads are not appropriate in the Hunter Division.


BREASTPLATES are permitted, with or without martingale attachment (running or standing), but are not required.

Martingales are allowed over fences, but are prohibited in Under Saddle Classes, Hack and tie-breaking Under Saddle classes.


REINS should be of hunting style, and should be appropriate to the bit, kind of class and the size of the rider’s hands.

For snaffles, it is appropriate to use plain width leather, woven, laced web or rubber.

Pelham and full bridles traditionally utilize plain leather with the wider rein on the snaffle.

Workmanlike sizes generally consist of 1/2 inch width and larger.

Brightly colored rubber is considered appropriate for combined training and open jumpers only.


ATTIRE (informal) should consist of a traditional conservative hunter style jacket (navy, hunter green, black are appropriate colors, with the same color or contrasting buttons).

Rust or soft hue breeches (eg fawn, beige) worn with tall boots.

Jodhpurs and Jodhpur boots are appropriate for young riders.

ASTM approved helmets are required for juniors, recommended for all.

Formal attire consists of a conservative traditional shadbelly with matching buttons, buff or canary breeches, canary vest, and hunting top hat (ASTM approved helmets for juniors).

Horses are expected to appear neat, with braided forelocks, manes, and tails.

Boots or bandages for the horse are not permitted. 38 2.


All MARTINGALES are allowed in classes offering less than $1000.

Only standing or running martingales are allowed in classes offering $1000 or more.


ATTIRE in jumper classes is not as regulated.

Management may allow competitors to compete without the traditional hunt coats.

In that case, the competitor is expected to compete in a shirt with a collar or choker, neatly tucked into breeches.

Windbreaker or raincoat may be worn if weather conditions require.

ASTM approved helmets are required for juniors, recommended for all competitors.

Horses are expected to appear neat, but braiding is not required.


Protective legwear for the horse is permitted.

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