Thoroughbred, Warmbloods, Hanoverian and Trakhener etc.
Larger, longer bodies, deeper heart girth and longer muscled.
Used primarily for racing, jumping, cross-country, three day eventing, dressage, pleasure, and endurance.
This body type is another with the least volume but the greatest length of muscling.
Length is needed for speed, endurance and suppleness in these types of horses.
Length of muscling is more important than volume of muscling. 66 4 – H H o r s e P r o j e c t M a n u a l – Horse Identification Pony Type Welsh, Shetland Pony, etc. 14.2 hands or less, usually resemble stock type or saddle type breeds.
Generally shorter neck and body.
Used primarily for children’s mounts and driving.
These horses are primarily distinguished by their body height. Breed Associations There are approximately 20 pedigree breed associations in Canada that keep registries of pure and part bred horses.
These associations keep a stud book of lineage (parentage) of individual animals of a breed.
Their responsibility is to ensure that the registered animal is the animal it is said to be.
They achieve this by issuing registration papers for individual animals whose lineage can be traced through their stud book and through verification of parentage by DNA samples.
Each breed registry uses breed specific information as to what they will accept as a registered horse within their breed.
This requires that both parents can be traced through their stud book and certain criteria are met regarding breeding, colour and size.
The registration papers require identification of the parents of the horse, sketches or pictures and a description of the horse plus the horse’s colour and markings and perhaps measurements.
In Canada, breed associations are regulated by the “Animal Pedigree Act”.
According to this Act, there can only be one registry per breed of animal in Canada.
The “Animal Pedigree Act” spells out the way that Canadian registries keep records and do business, to ensure that animals are correctly identified or registered.
This differs from the U.S.
And other countries where there is no such regulation.
In the U.S., for example, there are no restrictions on the number of registries that can be established for each breed.
There are also some registries that maintain records for horses in which only one parent can be traced through their stud book.
Because they operate differently, it is important for horse owners to know that Canadian Law does not apply to foreign registries.
Colour registries are not regulated by the “Animal Pedigree Act”.
These include registries such as the Buckskin, Palomino and Pinto, where the animal is registered strictly for its colour, with no maintenance of parentage records. Horse I .
D . Registering Your Horse Each breed association has its own criteria for the registration of horses.
Therefore, it is important that you check the criteria of any association you wish to register with, and ensure that you comply with their qualifications.
Most associations require DNA parent verification, photographs and a registration fee. 67 4 – H H o r s e P r o j e c t M a n u a l – Horse Identification Transfer of Ownership It is the responsibility of the seller of a horse to complete the transfer of ownership for registered horses.
Therefore, if you sell a registered horse to someone, you must complete the transfer forms and send them and the fee to the Registry.
Similarly, if you have purchased a horse that is registered, the person you bought it from should fill out the forms and do the paperwork to have the ownership transferred to your name.
These terms apply unless other arrangements have been made prior to, and stated in the bill of sale.
As the new owner you will need to make sure that this has been done. Tattoos Individual horses can be marked and identified by a tattoo.
A tattoo is made by puncturing the skin and rubbing dye into the wound.
They are put on the inside of the horse’s upper lip.
These tattoos are permanent and cannot be removed.
In general only horses that race are tattooed. — 69 4 – H H o r s e P r o j e c t M a n u a l – Horse Identification Breeds of Horses (continued) Morgan – The Morgan breed traces its beginnings back to a single stallion, Figure (This horse was later renamed after its owner – Justin Morgan).
This stallion possessed extraordinary strength and speed.
The breed’s excellent disposition makes it the choice for mounted police and patrol work.
The Morgan is compact and deep bodied, its legs are fine and strong and its head is carried high on a thick crested neck.
The Morgan is usually dark brown, bay, chestnut or black in colour. Paint – The Paint Horse is characterized by a two coloured coat consisting of clearly defined areas of white and either black, red brown, chestnut, grey, dun or roan.
It is basically stock in type with Quarter Horse and/or Thoroughbred parentage.
Colour patterns vary in percentage of white to coloured portions.
They are a pedigree registry with colour specifics. Paso – The Paso is distinguished by its natural, high stepping, four-beat lateral gait.
The gait, known as termino, gives the rider a very smooth ride.
They are tough, hardy and easy to handle.
Weighing 900 to 1100 pounds, they measure 14 – 15.2 h.h.
They may be bay, chestnut, black, brown or gray.
This horse is ridden in all parts of South America, with the most widely known type being the Peruvian Paso. Percheron – The Percheron stands from 16 to 18 hands high, weighs between 2000 and 2400 pounds and is usually black or grey in colour.
Imported from France, the Percheron is noted for its considerable knee and hock actions and its unique walking style. Quarter Horse – The Quarter Horse combines speed, agility, intelligence, and excellent temperament and an inherent cow-sense, to earn a reputation as the most popular breed of pleasure horse in the world.
Developed in North America, the Quarter Horse has a close-coupled and muscular conformation and an attractive head with prominent jowls.
It may be of any solid colour, roan or gray. Saddlebred – The Saddlebred was developed in Kentucky during the 19th century by plantation owners, who were looking for a horse that provided a comfortable ride for plantation work combined with a stylish eye-catching action in harness.
With its high head-carriage and high stepping action it is extremely elegant.
Although it is best known as a show horse, the Saddlebred also makes a good general riding and driving horse. Shetland – The Shetland Pony comes from the Shetland Islands off Northern Scotland.
It is thought to be descended from a “dwarf ” Exmoor type.
At a maximum height of 10.2 hands it is the smallest of the native breeds yet relative to its size it is the strongest pony in the world.
Its size makes it ideal for small children, though its headstrong and independent character demands firm, kind, handling to keep it under control.
Read more about Pedigree : Breed Associations There are approximately 20 pedigree breed associations in….: