Career Development Event – a competitive event sponsored by the FFA that includes academic and hands-on learning activities about specific career areas. SAE Project – a home-, work-, or research- based project an agriculture student undertakes to gain knowledge, experience, or earn money in a specific agricultural area. Proficiency Award – an FFA award given to students who excel in achievement with their SAE. Unit 3 – Breeds, Types, and Classes of Horses: Stallion – a mature male. Mare – a female who has given birth or reached the age of maturity. Dam – the mother of an animal. Sire – the father of an animal. Get – offspring of an animal. Registered – a horse whose name, birth information, and pedigree has been recorded in a breed association. Grade – a horse that is not registered. Foal – a young, nursing horse of either sex. Colt – a male horse that has not reached sexual maturity, or the age of maturity. Filly – a female horse that has not given birth or reached the age of maturity. Weanling – a weaned horse that is less than a year of age. Yearling – a horse between 1 and 2 years of age. 2-year old – a horse between 2 and 3 years of age. 3-year old – a horse between 3 and 4 years of age. Gelding – a castrated male horse. Aged Horse – a horse that has reached the age of maturity as defined by the breed association involved. Hand – a measurement of height equaling 4 inches. Draft horse – large horses bred for work. Breed – a group of horses selected for their common ancestry and common characteristics. Breed Registry – an organization that records information of horses of that breed. Warm-Blood – a type of horse that is derived from a cross or mixture of light and draft horse breeding. Cold-Blood – refers to a horse of draft breeding. Hinny – an animal that is a cross between a stallion and a jennet. Miniature Horse – a breed of horses selected for small size. Pedigree – a record of the ancestry of an animal. Stock horse – a horse with characteristics that make it suitable for ranch or cattle work. Jack – a male donkey. Jennet – a female donkey. Light horse – a horse with characteristics that make it suitable for riding. Unit 4 – Functional Anatomy: Coronary – pertaining to the heart. Dorsal – pertaining to the area of the animal with the spinal column. Herbivore – animals that subsist primarily on plants. Organ – a specialized structure that performs a specific function. Ventral – opposite of the spinal column. Nasal – pertaining to the nose. Cranial – the pertaining to the skull Abdominal –the internal cavity of an animal below the diaphragm.
Contains the digestive and reproductive tracts. Dermal – pertaining to the skin.
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