Ponies 1 : Of those organisations that did were able to respond the….

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Silver plated necklace with cowboy boot Horses-store.comPonies 1 : Of those organisations that did were able to respond the….

179 840 44949 61446 91605 71 071 32 736 22 889 Total of above $198000 Fig6: Cost of horse ownership – Highest ranking SERVICE items Services No.

Of Respondents per question line 100 95 66 60 74 1576 283 728 431 1128 Average of above = $821 Average per respondent 157687 26979 48057 25906 83522 Total of above $342151 Total Farrier Equine dentist Clinics or workshops Massage therapist Veterinarian TOTALS Using the most popular spends – the total of the products average ($875) and the total of the services average ($821) equals $1696, this number times the average horses kept by an owner (2) is $3392 If the average horse agistment fees are added to this (see Fig 13) the cost of keeping a horse on agistment, is $1696 + $673 = $2396.

Over a standard 20 year life span of the horse this equals $47,380.00 15 6.

Costs of Undertaking a Horse Activity Many horse owners keep a horse for a specific purpose of interest, which for some turns into a vocation or small business. 6.1 Horse Activity Groupings 6.1.1 Clubs & Associations Not-for-profit clubs centred on providing horse related sport & recreation activities provide an educational, competitive and social community service.

Adult Riding Clubs, Pony Clubs, Equestrian Clubs, Trail Riding, Carriage Driving and Western Riding are examples. 6.1.2 Breeding South Australia has a small horse breeding industry, which has been in overall decline in the past 10 years.

In part, this is due to the housing encroachment on productive agricultural land removing access to affordable grazing and smaller income opportunities from prize monies compared to other states.

As noted in the 2011 Harness Racing Australia report “ Australian Standardbred Breeding Panel – Report on the Australian Breeding Industry” an increasing number of horse owners now prefer to buy a yearling or older horse rather than incur the expense of breeding a mare & raising a foal.

This is no doubt reflective of other horse sectors, perhaps anecdotally acknowledged through the prolific rise in online horse sales websites and the success of the trade magazine “Horse Deals”.

There is a solid core of Thoroughbred Breeders in South Australia as reflected by the total foal numbers.

However, similar to the standardbred breeding industry and other horse breeds, the thoroughbred foal numbers have dropped in the last 10 years.

In 2010/11 breeding season there were 613 foals (4% national foal drop) while in 2000/01 there were 1178 (6% of national foal drop) A straw poll taken by Horse SA Management Committee members over a few days during the survey period (via personal calls & emails) revealed that many national breed society databases are not equipped to determine foal numbers by state.

Of those organisations that did/ were able to respond, the numbers collected for the last breeding season (2010/11) were: Arabians 47, Mini ponies 190, Australian Warmblood Horse Assoc. 12 and Lipizzaner 4.

It is important for horse breed societies to consider publishing registered foal numbers for each state for each year.

Foal numbers, as a direct “product” of the horse industry, are an important economic indicator. 6.1.3 Racing In South Australia Thoroughbred Racing and Harness (Standardbred) Racing have regular meetings throughout the year.

The industry supports a number of small businesses, full time staff and a myriad of allied industries.

The Thoroughbred racing industry has produced its own report on economic contribution to the economy.

Http://www.racing.sa.gov.au/files/reports/SASizeandScopeStudy 001.pdf 16 6.1.4 Horse Riding Tourism Horse riding enterprises, such as trail riding centres, riding schools or tourism accommodation sites offering horse riding services do not need to be registered.

South Australia has a small base of commercial horse riding enterprises, with most listed in the yellow pages.

There are not many sport or recreation activities that rely on the commercial sector to introduce new people to horse riding or driving interests.

The not-for-profit sector has yet to fully embrace this commercial opportunity to bring new people into the world of horses. 6.1.5 Equestrian Coaching/ Horse Related Instruction There is significant expense associated with establishment of a stable yard of horses required to run a profitable equestrian centre meeting industry standards.

SA has a low number of commercial equestrian centres.

There are an increasing number of private equestrian coaches establishing small self-employed businesses which may have one or two horses available for teaching purposes.

Often “networkers” within the horse industry, equestrian coaches spend valuable volunteer time searching for horses to match riders, loan or lease horses or investigating other ways to help new entrants into the horse industry.

There are instructors associated with most aspects of horse activity, including behavioural modification training, “natural” horsemanship and equine assisted therapies.

Clubs & associations register coaches as part of insurance schemes.

Insurance varies as to if it covers coaching members of that association only or may coach non-members.

Coaches registered with Equestrian Australia and HorseSafety Australia are more likely to be earning an income from coaching, whilst coaches involved in Pony Club & Riding for the Disabled are likely to be voluntary.

Further coaching programs also exist, eg Polocrosse. 6.1.6 Equine Education The primary centre in South Australia for delivering equine vocational education is the Morphettville Horse Skills Centre.

Located on Morphettville Racecourse, the centre offers a range of courses open to anyone who wishes to work in the horse industry, with speciality streams in farrier, track work riding & jockey.

The University of Adelaide is now in the process of building a teaching equine veterinary hospital.

This is a first for the state and the $10M investment is very welcome.

At the time of writing the hospital will still be at least 18 months away from opening.

Smaller Registered Training Organisations (RTO’s) are based in South Australia, currently providing farrier, stable hand and related vocational training services linked primarily linked to traineeships.

From the 1st of July, the funding structure has changed in South Australia, allowing private RTO’s to access similar funding streams that were traditionally open only to TAFE.

This will open up opportunities for interstate education providers to also test the marketplace in SA.

This program is called Skills for All.

Ref: www.skills.sa.gov.au 17 6.1.7 Other Sectors There is a small collection of commercial wedding carriage businesses, pony ride providers and other niche operations. 6.1.8 Activities of Survey Participants The Cost of Owning a Horse Survey asked respondents to list the activities they were involved with.

There were 108 respondents who participated in two, three or more activities.

These were collated • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 participated in hunting 3 participate in natural horsemanship 7 participated in western riding 8 respondents participated in Adult Riding Club 8 participated in endurance riding 10 participated in racing or race horse ownership 11 participated in eventing 11 participated in show jumping 12 participated in breeding or breed shows 15 participated in pleasure riding (includes beach riding) 23 participated in pony club 25 participated in showing, working hunter, Agricultural shows or “competing” 27 participate in trail riding 39 participated in dressage 2 listings for each camp drafting, officiating (SJ & clerk of course), cattle/stock work, local clubs and gymkhanas 1 listing for each barrel racing, games, roping events, polo, historical events, harness (unclear if racing or show), team penning, equestrian, home training, lessons, syndication, owner and one listed their horse as retired. 18 7.

Horse Activity Expenses Using the responses provided in the survey, the relative costs of participating in the different activity types can be noted. 7.1 Dressage These costs are calculated using 25 respondents who listed dressage first on their activity list.

The total number of horses owned by the 25 respondents was 76.

This is an average of 3 per owner.

One respondent was in the category of 21 horses or more.

The answers from this respondent were held for the grouping.

The top expenses were calculated.

There were no stable hand or track fees for example, as these costs are generally associated with racehorses.

Fig 7: Costs of Horse Activities –Standard Care, Products & Services Dressage (76 horses) Product or Service Average per horse Per year Husbandry incl.

Veterinary, dental & hoof care including vaccinations/ de-worming, first aid, nutritionist, therapist, massage Feed (manufactured feed, Lucerne & Hay) Additives & supplements Saddlery & supplies incl.

New rugs , new saddlery, stable yard equipment, related equipment, other supplies Average cost per owner per year 4329 7527 76 5334 7711 76 1060 553 103 3644 394 $30807*

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