2 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: How are the muscles in the horse classified? Smooth, cardiac and skeletal What is the triangular sesamoid bone situated at the front of the stifle? Patella or knee cap What term is used to describe a foot axis of 60 degrees or more? Club foot T/F The frog is relatively soft because it contains approximately 50 percent water.
True The navicular bone and bursa are associated with which tendon? Deep flexor tendon What are the three weight bearing structures of the foot? Wall, bars, and frog What percent of a horse’s weight is carried on its fore quarters? 60-65% Besides the star, name four other markings on the face.
Stripe, blaze, snip, bald face, star and stripe, race What is the common name of the scapula? Shoulder blade What three items make up the central nervous system? Brain, brain stem, spinal cord BREEDS AND BREED ASSOCIATIONS Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Name the most numerous light horse breed in Europe.
Hanoverians What year was the AHSA founded? 1917 What is the term for a Standardbred horse that races with a diagonal gait? Trotter 3 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What do the initials “USDF” stand for? United States Dressage Foundation What breed of show pony was produced by crossing Hackney & Shetland pony.
The Americana Define quality.
Fineness of texture; freedom from coarseness; refinement of hair, hide and bone What two gaits does a 5-gaited horse have that the 3-gaited horse does not? Slowgate and rack In 1894, Colonel Battel founded the Register for which breed of horses? Morgans What are Conformation Working Horses judged on? Performance, soundness and conformation What do the initials USTA stand for? Unites States Trotting Association What does AHSA stand for? American Horse Show Association Which breed of horses are characterized by leopard spot markings? Appaloosa What draft breed is only chestnut in color? Suffolk What is a male donkey called? A Jack What is the Connemara Pony known for? Its jumping ability The American Paint Horse Association is devoted strictly to stock horses and bases its registry on blood of what three breeds? Paints, Quarter Horses and Thoroughbreds 4 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What club registers the breed that has been referred to as the essential oil of horse flesh, of which 1/3 of these horses are bred in the State of Kentucky and used for running races? Jockey Club Approximately 99% of all standardbreds trace to what horse? Hambletonian What is the birthdate of a horse in the Standardbred breed? January 1st Robert Bakewell, who developed many improved breeds of livestock, also initiated the improvement of what draft horse? The Shire Name two breeds of the “Native Horse.” Chickasaw Horse, Spanish Mustangs, Spanish-Barb, American Mustang DISEASES AND UNSOUNDNESSES Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Approximately how long does a tetanus antitoxin vaccination give protection? Two weeks Give two causes of contracted heels.
Lack of frog pressure and lack of moisture in the hoof, heredity, faulty conformation What is gravel? A condition which is usually caused by penetration of the protective covering of the hoof by small bits of gravel or dirt.
What is a serious abnormality that affects the serviceability of the horse? Unsoundness Most lameness can be detected at what gait? A (slow) trot “Pounding” is a defect in way of going often associated with what conformation defect? Straight shoulders and pasterns What disease do mites cause? Mange 5 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What is the conformation in which the knees are bent forward called? Buck-kneed What are anthelmintics? Worm medicines What is the common conformation fault in the rear limbs that puts a strain on the plantar ligament, leading to a curb? Sickle Hocks T/F, Wind puffs refer to a fault in the horse’s breathing.
False Is horse pox contagious? Yes A horse that bites or sets teeth against something and “sucks wind” is known as a what? Cribber When endopyrogen is released into the horse’s body, what is affected? Body temperature What is a scar or abnormality that does not affect the serviceability of the horse? Blemish Your horse has warts.
Will the heifers running in the same pasture with your horse get arts from him? No.
Horse warts are caused by a virus that is infectious only to horses.
Warts cannot be spread from horses to other species What is the common name for laminitis? Founder The most common cause of abortion in mares is caused by what virus? Equine Herpes Name the two factors that cause concussion to the foot and limb.
Weight of the horse and counter pressure of the earth “Bran Disease” is cause by a deficiency in what mineral? Calcium 6
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