Pony : This would be the preferred type of Bridle for all….

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PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 31 2. SNAFFLE BRIDLE – TYPES SPLIT HEAD BRIDLE Permitted at all activities Where the head-piece and throatlash are made from one piece of leather.

Eggbutt snaffle and reins are attached by stud billets, correctly turned inwards.

Cavesson noseband.

This would be the preferred type of Bridle for all Pony Club Activities LOOSE HEAD BRIDLE Permitted at all activities The throat lash is separate, and is liable to get lost.

It should be threaded through from right to left, underneath the headpiece.

Note – keepers from the cheekpiece of the bridle to the cheek of the Fulmer (FM) bit and the buckle attachments are correctly turned outwards.

Note small leather attachment from cheekpiece in front of Drop Noseband to prevent it slipping down on to nostrils. . EXTENDED HEAD BRIDLE Permitted at all activities Providing it is worn with a noseband. Synthetic Bridles permitted for Cross Country, Show Jumping, Prince Philip Games, Novelties, Pony Club Mount and at Rallies ONLY “DEALER‟S” BRIDLE Permitted at all activities Providing it is worn with a noseband. BARCOO / STOCK / FARM / QUEENSLAND BRIDLE Permitted at Rallies, Musical Ride & Fancy Dress and for Prince Philip Mounted Games and Novelties only Usually too big for ponies.

No adjustment for height of browband.

NOSEBAND – Headpiece of noseband has to sit over headpiece of bridle and then thread through rings at top of cheek straps. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 32 3. — JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 34 2. SNAFFLE BITS An ordinary snaffle is a plain snaffle with a straight bar or joint in the centre.

If there are two joints, the centre link shall be rounded and smooth, lacking any sharp edges.

The ring of the bit must not exceed 8cms in diameter.

Snaffle bits shall be composed of metal, or metal and rubber, or metal and synthetic material.

Snaffle bits made only of metal must meet the following requirements: All parts of the bit coming into the horse‟s mouth must be of metal (not necessarily the same metal) The diameter of the mouthpiece of the snaffle bit must be such so as not to hurt the horse/pony Mouthpieces may be the same thickness or tapered towards the centre or central joint/s All parts coming into the horses mouth shall be rounded, smooth and not ridged, sharp or corrugated Flexible rubber bits are not permitted SNAFFLE BIT – HOW TO MEASURE Measuring snaffle mouthpieces 3. 4. SNAFFLE BIT – RINGS & CHEEKS Bit Rings must not exceed 8cms in diameter.

Permitted in all activities. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 35 Tom Thumb Bits Most commonly seen on ponies Make sure “ridged” part faces away from pony‟s head Full Cheek or Fixed Cheek Bit Fulmer/FM 5. FM KEEPERS FM Keepers are leather straps which attach the upper cheek of the Full Cheek or Fulmer bits to the cheekpiece of the bridle to keep the centre of the bit lifted in the horse‟s mouth and to prevent the cheek pieces from pressing into the horse’s cheeks 6. MYLER EGG-BUTT D RING SNAFFLE BIT WITH SLOTS Permitted for Cross Country, Showjumping, Polocrosse ONLY. The check piece attaches to the top slot and the rein to the bottom slot, (this increases the leverage action) — 9. KIMBLEWICK (Spanish Snaffle) This variation of the Kimblewick has slotted bit rings.

It is often used for Driving The original version of the Kimblewick Myler Kimbelwic k NOT permitted in Dressage, Prince Philip Mounted Games, Novelties, Pony Club Mount. This bit is a variation of the Pelham.

The square eye which attaches it to the cheek pieces has a downward action on the poll to help lower the head.

The slotted bit rings (left) allow different degrees of control as when the rein is set low on the bit „D‟, a greater leverage is exerted.

The curved (Port) mouth piece gives extra room for the tongue.

Can only be used with a Cavesson Noseband.

Jointed Mouthpieces are NOT permitted.

If a Kimblewick Bit without a chain is used as a “Hanging Snaffle” for Dressage, the hooks must be removed and reins put through the bit ring – not through the slots – the Myler Kimblewick is not permitted for this purpose. 10.

PELHAM NOT permitted in Dressage, Prince Philip Mounted Games, Novelties, Pony Club Mount.

Pelhams can be used as an introduction to double reins, or, used with pelham roundings or divided reins, can be a useful curb bit for ponies.

Rugby Pelhams are probably less functional but give the appearance of a Bit and Bridoon.

The Pelham is a combination of the curb and Bridoon on one mouthpiece.

Only a Cavesson Noseband may be used with this bit.

Jointed mouthpieces are NOT permitted. Half Moon Pelham Port Mouth Pelham Two loop Pelham A versatile bit that can be used for riding or driving. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 38 — JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 39 13. DUTCH GAG / PESSOA SNAFFLE NOT permitted in Dressage, Prince Philip Mounted Games, Novelties, Pony Club Mount. Permitted for use at Rallies, and for Cross Country, Jumping and Polocrosse only 3 Ring Dutch Gag / Pessoa 4 Ring Dutch Gag / Pessoa Pessoa Bits may be ridden with a.

B.

C.

D. With one rein or With Two reins, or With a single rein attached to roundings, or With divided reins. 14. PEEWEE BITS Permitted for Cross Country, Jumping and Polocrosse.

These bits are permitted to be used in flatwork at Rallies Must be carefully checked that they are fitted correctly. Correctly fitted — JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 41 17. COMBINATION BITS – NOT permitted for any Pony Club Activity. Combination Bits are bits that incorporate a noseband and curb chain/strap in addition to any type of mouthpiece. (Another description is a hybrid of a ring bit, shank bit and Hackamore) .

Also the mouthpieces are frequently not smooth and the combination bits incorporate a hackamore type leverage (hackamores are not permitted at Pony Club Activities). Combination bit with noseband, curb chain and rubber mullen mouthpiece 18. MIKMAR MOUTHPIECES – NOT permitted for any Pony Club Activity JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GENERAL – BRIDLE/BITS 42 19. DOUBLE BRIDLES Permitted only for Medium Level (and above) Dressage and in some Show Horse events. A Double Bridle consists of a Bridoon (Snaffle) Bit and a Curb Bit.

A Pelham Bit is not permitted in any Dressage Test. — JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – NOSEBANDS 45 NOSEBANDS Wearing of a noseband, which must be made of the same material as the bridle, is compulsory for Efficiency Certificates and Competitions as it is considered part of the bridle.

Permitted Nosebands: Cavesson, Dropped, Hanoverian (Flash) and Grakle or Mexican Grakle(Crossed), Continental/Crank Noseband.

Must be correctly fitted.

If bits with curb chain or curb strap are used, the only permitted noseband is a Cavesson. 1.

NOSEBANDS – PERMITTED TYPES These are the only permitted Nosebands for use at Pony Club Activities: CAVESSON NOSEBAND May be used with any kind of bit or with a Standing Martingale.

May be used in all Pony Club activities.

Quite often called the „normal‟ noseband by riders! DROP NOSEBAND Used for horses which open or cross their jaws.

The back (chin) strap goes under the bit.

The front should not press on the nostrils.

Use only with a snaffle.

Standing Martingales NOT permitted with this noseband May be used in all Pony Club activities although will lose points if worn in Pony Club Mount. HANOVERIAN (FLASH) NOSEBAND Combines a Cavesson and a drop.

A Standing Martingale can be attached to the Cavesson only.

May be used in all Pony Club Activities although will lose points if worn in Pony Club Mount. GRAKLE (CROSSED) NOSEBAND Useful for preventing the horse crossing his jaw.

It should be comfortably tight with the cross central.

Standing Martingales NOT permitted with this noseband.

May be used in all Pony Club Activities although will lose points if worn in Pony Club Mount.

CONTINENTAL OR CRANK NOSEBAND Permitted for all activities.

Fitting as for Hanoverian Noseband.

Care must be taken to ensure it is not done up too tightly.

May be used in all Pony Club Activities although will lose points if worn in Pony Club Mount. MEXICAN OR HIGH RING GRAKLE It sits higher up the face than a normal Grakle, above the cheek bones, and is thought to be more effective at preventing the horse crossing his jaws.

Standing Martingales NOT permitted with this noseband.

May be used in all Pony Club Activities although will lose points if worn in Pony Club Mount. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – NOSEBANDS 46 2. NOSEBANDS – NOT PERMITTED AT ANY PONY CLUB ACTIVITY PUCKLE OR KINETON NOSEBAND CONTROLLER OR COMBINATION NOSEBAND KINETON or PUCKLE NOSEBAND Has a metal loop on each side which goes between the bit ring and the horse‟s mouth and an adjustable strap across the nose.

Divides the pressure between mouth and nose, according to the length of the front strap.

Very severe. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – NOSEBANDS 47 NOSEBANDS & BITS WITH CHAINS If bits with a Curb Chain or Curb Strap are used, the only permitted noseband is a Cavesson. In Pony Club we must always remember that our main priorities are: Safety of the Rider and Comfort of the Horse/Pony and That we are dealing with children, sometimes very young children, and Parents who often have little or no knowledge of horses.

When using a Hanoverian (Flash), Grakle, Continental (Crank), Mexican Grakle, or Dropped Noseband in combination with a bit with a Chain or Strap (Kimblewick, Pelham, Curb etc), or a Pessoa Bit with a Curb Strap, the action of both is reduced when the rider uses the reins.

More importantly there is a very real danger of pinching around the chin groove and lips as the rider takes up the contact with the reins.

This rule was put in place for Pony Club riders many years ago for this reason.

NB: From the New Zealand Manual No. 1 (Page 191) ¨A dropped noseband must be used only with a snaffle bit – NEVER with a Pelham or Kimblewick.” From the New Zealand Manual No. 2: ”(Page 269) “Cavesson noseband is the only noseband that should be used with any curb bit.” From the New Zealand Manual No. 2: (Page 271) “Any noseband that fits under the bit must be used ONLY with a snaffle. “There is not room in the chin-groove for both curb chain (or curb strap) and noseband, therefore one or the other – usually the curb chain – will be pushed up onto the sensitive branches of the lower jaw, causing great discomfort.” From the BHS Manual of Horsemanship 11th Edition, (Page 310) Nosebands other than a Cavesson should be used only in conjunction with a snaffle bridle.

However, if the lower (flash) strap of a Hanoverian or a Continental Noseband is removed (thus making it a Cavesson Noseband), then this noseband may be used with a bit with a chain or curb strap. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – NOSEBANDS 48 NOSEBANDS – FITTING CAVESSON NOSEBAND CORRECT One to two fingers below the projecting cheekbone depending on the size/length of the horse‟s head Two fingers between noseband and horse‟s head — Stud Billet Attachment Loop Attachment Clip Attachments Open part of clip must face in towards the horse‟s head. Buckle Attachment 3. POLOCROSSE/NOVELTY SNAP REINS Permitted in Prince Philip Mounted Games, Novelties and Polocrosse only Clips to face in towards horse/pony JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – REINS 51 4. DOUBLE REINS Two reins may be used with a bit with a single mouthpiece (not permitted in Dressage).

When using two reins at once, they should be of differing widths.

The wider (snaffle) rein is to be attached to the higher bit ring and the narrower (curb) rein is to be attached to the lower bit ring. 5. GRASS REINS Grass Reins/Check Cord permitted for flat work and games at rallies and for Musical Ride/Fancy Dress only.

They must be adjusted so that horse/pony‟s nose can reach to the level of its knees.

A separate rein must be used for each side.

Must never be attached directly from the bit to the saddle. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – REINS 52 6.

ANTI-GRAZING STRAP Anti-Grazing Strap permitted for flat work and games at Rallies and for Musical Ride/Fancy Dress only.

It must be adjusted so that horse/pony‟s nose can reach to the level of its knees. Buckled to headpiece of Bridle Broad elastic Leather strap dividing into two and attaching to the saddle „Ds‟ This one would not be permitted as there appears to be no elastic insert and would therefore be rigid with no „give‟ JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – MARTINGALES 53 MARTINGALES NOT PERMITTED FOR DRESSAGE 1.

RUNNING MARTINGALE Running Martingale (stoppers compulsory on reins and neck strap), permitted at Rallies and for Show Jumping, Cross Country, Prince Philip Games.

Novelties and Polocrosse.

Permitted for Pony Club Mount but will be marked down. Too tight – note kink in reins Left – correctly fitted.

Below – in Action. (Dotted line shows how to fit) Rein stoppers should be on other side of martingale rings 2. IRISH MARTINGALE Irish Martingale (stoppers compulsory on reins), permitted at Rallies and for Show Jumping, Cross Country, Prince Philip Games, Novelties and Polocrosse.

Permitted for Pony Club Mount but will be marked down. Two rings joined together by a strip of leather or synthetic material approx 10cm long.

Reins pass through the rings under the horse‟s neck.

Used to prevent the reins being thrown over the horse‟s head. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – MARTINGALES 54 3. STANDING MARTINGALE Standing Martingale (stopper compulsory at neck strap) permitted at Rallies for Flatwork, Games and Polocrosse, and for Show Jumping when a safety issue arises.

Permitted for Prince Philip Games, Novelties and Polocrosse, and MUST be attached to a Cavesson Nose band.

NOT permitted for Dressage, Pony Club Mount, Cross Country or Show Jumping competition. Acts on the nose via the Cavesson Noseband.

Left – correctly fitted, and Below – in action attached to Cavesson part of a Hanoverian Noseband. (Dotted line shows how to fit) Too tight! No stopper on neck strap.

Cavesson Noseband too high.

Permitted to wear Drop Noseband as well as Cavessson Noseband as long as Martingale is attached to the Cavesson. 4. NECK STOPPER Stopper at junction of neck and martingale straps must be used.

Stopper at junction of neck and martingale straps correctly fitted.

This prevents the slack from hanging down between the horse‟s legs Tape may be used in an emergency 5. REIN STOPPERS Rein Stoppers must be worn with Running and Irish Martingales to stop the Martingale Rings getting caught on the Buckle/Stud Billets of the rein or on any part of the bit. 6. MARKET HARBOROUGH aka GERMAN MARTINGALE Not permitted at any Pony Club Activity. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – NECK STRAP 55 NECK STRAP Neck Straps are permitted at all activities.

A Neck Strap is a simple leather or synthetic fibre strap that passes around the horse or pony‟s neck.

The neck-strap of a martingale is the neatest, but a stirrup-leather (or even a safely tied lead rope) will do as well.

It provides the rider, in an emergency, with something to hang on to other than the reins and thus lessen the risk of the horse or pony being pulled/jerked in the mouth.

It is a great help to riders in rough, hilly country and also when riding a horse with a hogged mane.

It is essential when riding bareback! It can help a nervous rider feel more secure.

It is also essential when teaching a rider or horse to jump and should be fitted one third of the way up the horse or pony‟s neck. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – MONKEY GRIPS 56 MONKEY GRIPS Monkey Grips (Handholds) are permitted for use at any Activity except Cross Country and Show Jumping, by any age of rider The Monkey Grip is a “strap” attached between the front „Ds‟ of the saddle over the Pommel.

A Closed Fist should be able to fit between the Pommel and the top of the Monkey Grip.

The Monkey Grip can be purchased as such (see below), or can be either a leather strap, a piece of binder twine, or thin rope.

Not permitted for jumping where the Neck Strap must be used as holding the Monkey Grip would put the rider in the incorrect jumping position. Support handle that buckles/clips to the front D‟s of any saddle to provide rider stability in the saddle when required. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) — JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – MISCELLEANEOUS 60 8. TWITCH Used for restraining the horse or pony eg when it is being clipped or drenched etc Only to be used by experienced people NEVER stand directly in front of the horse or pony when it is having the twitch put on or while it is wearing the twitch Recommended Very severe JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – SADDLES 61 SADDLES A correctly fitting fully mounted English type saddle is preferred.

An all-purpose saddle is best for Pony Club riding, particularly for the younger rider.

This type of saddle makes it easier to achieve a good balanced seat for riding and jumping.

Saddle Fit is still a problem at Gear Checks.

Clubs need to address this problem at Club level with parents in attendance.

While a saddle may have fitted well earlier in the season or when assessed by an accredited Saddle Fitter, the situation can change over a period of time – sometimes only a very short time – and the horse can become uncomfortable which can affect performance and become unsafe for the rider.

Saddle fit is an ongoing necessity as horses/ponies change shape, riders grow and/or become heavier and the flocking in the panels can shift and/or settle.

Circulating the relevant pages of the Gear Checking Manual to riders, coaches and parents is recommended. 1.

SADDLES MAY BE: MUST HAVE: PONY PADS WINTEC CHILD‟S SADDLE Of Leather or Synthetic Fibre.

Girth with a minimum of two buckles, Girth with single buckle and surcingle.

OR Permitted for riders 7 years of age and under at Rallies, Musical Ride and Fancy Dress only.

Permitted for riders 7 years of age and under at Rallies, Musical Ride and Fancy Dress and for Leadline classes only.

Permitted at Rallies (prior to C Efficiency Level) and for Prince Philip Mounted Games, Novelties, Polocrosse, Musical Ride, Fancy Dress or K Option if applicable.

Permitted at Rallies (prior to C Efficiency Level) and for Polocrosse, Musical Ride, Fancy Dress or K Option if applicable Permitted at Rallies (prior to C Efficiency Level) and for Musical Ride, Fancy Dress or K Option if applicable.

NOT permitted POLEY, STOCK SADDLES FENDER SADDLES WESTERN SADDLES TREELESS SADDLES JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – SADDLES — Stock Saddle Western Saddle (Rallies, Prince Philip Mounted Games, Novelties, Polocrosse, Musical Ride, Fancy Dress, K Option) Preferably not Jumping (Fancy Dress only) (Rallies, Musical Ride and Fancy Dress, K Option only) Preferably not Jumping Pony Pad and Clog Child‟s Saddle Wintec Kids (7 years & under – at Rallies, Musical Ride, and Fancy Dress Only) (7 years & under – at Rallies, Musical Ride, and Fancy Dress, and for Leadline Classes Only) (7 years & under – – at Rallies, Musical Ride, and Fancy Dress, and for Leadline Classes Only) JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 — PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – SADDLES 71 3. FRONT LEG EXTENSION EXERCISE This stretches the pectoral or girth muscles under the chest and between the front legs.

Lift the leg of the horse at the knee and extend the leg forward toward the nose.

Lift the leg from the knee so that it is well forward as possible and above the level of the shoulder.

Essentially the exercise aims to lift and pull the elbow of the horse forward.

Repeat 5 times for 2 sets.

Do this exercise daily and especially before and after riding. DR WARWICK VALE BSc BVMS (Hons II) FEI Veterinary Delegate Honorary Veterinary Advisor to the PCAWA (Past Pony Club Member) JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – BREASTPLATES 72 BREASTPLATES Breastplates are permitted for all activities and must be correctly fitted. 1.

STOCKMAN / HUNTING BREASTPLATE Great care is needed in fitting.

If fitted too high, the horse‟s breathing will be affected, if too low, it interferes with the action of the shoulders.

Neck strap should allow the width of a hand at the withers.

It should follow the line of the horse‟s shoulder blades, with the centre ring sitting at the base of the neck in the middle of the breast.

It is usually attached to the D‟s on the saddle.

The ring at the breast should be backed with leather to prevent rubbing.

Martingale attachment may be attached to the breast ring. Please note that some Stockman‟s Breastplates are being sold with clips, rather than buckles, for attachment to the saddle.

These clips must be fastened with the opening part of the clips towards the horse — PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – CRUPPER 74 CRUPPER Cruppers may be used for all activities and must be correctly fitted Useful if saddle tends to slip forward particularly for very round ponies without much wither.

Goes under the tail, and is attached to a special „D‟ at the back of the saddle.

Check that this „D‟ doesn‟t press on the pony‟s spine Try it on and introduce it to the pony without the rider It should be put on after the saddle is girthed up Make sure all hairs are pulled through crupper and are lying flat Take care that the crupper lies well to the top of the dock Allow a clenched fist between back strap and pony‟s back Check for rubs around the tail base Leather must be kept clean and soft/supple Can be uncomfortable for the pony if the top of the tail has been clipped/shaved The tail loop on the cheaper versions may be a piece of soft, folded leather.

On the more expensive varieties it is a hollow leather pad filled with crushed linseed which when warmed by the horse‟s body heat, releases oil through the loop, thus reducing the chance of it causing a sore by rubbing the dock. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GIRTHS 75 GIRTHS Girths come in many shapes and varieties of materials including leather, synthetic, antigall, webbing, string, nylon etc.

Girths must have two or three buckles and be fastened on the front and middle, or front and back, girth straps.

If a single buckle girth is being used, then a surcingle MUST be used.

Some saddles have two girth straps attached by a single piece of leather / webbing to the saddle.

This must be very carefully checked for wear and tear.

Girths must be kept clean of sweat, dirt and hair.

Check also that the girth area on the horse/pony is clean of dried sweat and mud which is liable to cause galls.

The girth buckles should be on approximately the same height of holes on both sides of the saddle.

There should always be a few holes spare ie the girth must not be on the top holes of the girth straps or on the first or second holes.

Remember that the horse must be allowed to breathe, and that the girth shouldn‟t be so tight that a person‟s fingers can‟t get between the horse and the girth comfortably when the rider is mounted.

Run fingers down between the girth and the horse‟s skin to check the skin is lying smoothly.

DO NOT stretch the leg forward, this can cause folds of skin in front of the girth when the leg is released which can then be rubbed raw.

Always check the girth when „preparing to mount‟ and at intervals during the riding session.

If using a girth sleeve (cover), make sure that any seam is on the outside.

If using a girth with elastic on one side It is recommended that the elastic be on the off (right hand) side And that when the rider is in the saddle, the girth should only be tightened on the side opposite to the elastic If the girth is tightened on the elastic side from on top – two things could happen It is likely the girth will be over-tightened and The elastic will be stretched and the saddle will be pulled over to that side.

Dressage girths and short girths need care when fitting.

Sometimes, the very long girth straps designed for the rider‟s comfort can cause discomfort to the horse by allowing the buckle or the corner of the girth to come into contact with the horse‟s elbow. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – GIRTHS 76 GIRTHS – EXAMPLES OF SOME OF THE PERMITTED TYPES Leather Atherstone Girth Atherstone Girth with elastic inserts Balding Girth Three Fold Leather Girth Cottage Craft Girth Neoprene Girth Wintec „Anti-Gall‟ Girth THE HUMANE GIRTH Can only be used at Pony Club with a surcingle Dressage Girth Even though it has two buckles, there is only one attachment to the girth – if one buckle breaks, then the whole girth is gone – the strap would simply slide under the bar of the girth attachment The Leather Stud-Guard Girth is designed to prevent horses fitted with studs from injuring themselves when they tuck up their forelegs over a fence. Leather Stud Guard Buckle Guard JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – SURCINGLES / BUCKLE GUARDS 77 SURCINGLES Surcingles are compulsory on a saddle with a single buckle girth Surcingles are permitted in all activities and must be correctly fitted.

Surcingles must be buckled on the left hand (near) side of the horse/pony Surcingles must not be tighter than the girth Surcingles must not impede any part of the stirrup leather BUCKLE GUARDS The use of Buckle Guards is optional but is strongly recommended for girths that buckle under the saddle flaps.

Their purpose is to protect the saddle flap from the buckles of the girth that can rub holes in the saddle flap.

It is less expensive to buy Buckle Guards than it is to replace a saddle flap! The Buckle Guard on this saddle needs to be pulled down over the girth buckles to be effective The Numnah is correctly attached to the saddle. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – SADDLE CLOTHS / NUMNAHS 78 — PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – SADDLE CLOTHS / NUMNAHS 79 3. ½ NUMNAHS ½ Numnahs in white, black, cream or club colours are permitted.

However they are NOT recommended for use at any Pony Club activity as the lower edge seam of the ½ numnah may cause pressure points where the saddle would press it down on to the horse‟s back and sides of the spine JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – STIRRUP LEATHERS 80 STIRRUP LEATHERS Stirrup bar safety clip must be turned down. Stirrup leathers must not be tied down Stirrup Leathers must not be worn under the saddle flap Stirrup Leathers must not have splitting holes or stitching coming undone Stirrup leathers are permitted to be wrapped around top of stirrup iron (for shortening stirrup length if no available place to put in more holes) as a temporary measure at rallies only Temporary measure at rallies only — Offset Irons Straight Iron with tread fitted 3. QUICK RELEASE STIRRUP IRONS Permitted for all activities Hinges must be regularly cleaned and oiled. 4. PEACOCK IRONS Permitted for all activities Rubber band and leather loop to be in good repair Rubber band and leather loop to be worn on the outside ie not next to horse/pony when rider‟s foot is in the stirrup Rubber Band Leather Loop 5. HINGED SPRING IRONS Permitted for all activities except Prince Philip Mounted Games and Novelties. 6. BENT IRONS Bent Stirrup Iron for Right Permitted for all activities side) (Previously known as “Safety Irons”) Bend of the iron to be on the outside facing forwards when the foot is in the stirrup JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 — SADDLERY – STIRRUP IRONS 86 11. CLOGS May be used by riders 7 years of age and under at Rallies, Musical Ride and Fancy Dress, and for Leadline Classes Only) 12. OXBOW STIRRUPS NOT permitted at any Pony Club activity. 13. SAFESTYLE STIRRUPS NOT permitted at any Pony Club activity. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – WHIPS 87 WHIPS 1.

LOOP HANDLES Loop Handles must be removed. (Loops can be dangerous in the event of a fall, and they also inhibit the proper use of the whip). 2.

GENERAL PURPOSE WHIPS Must have a flexible flap or tassle Must not be weighted at the end Maximum length 75cm including flap/ tassle 3.

DRESSAGE WHIPS (Not permitted in Eventing Dressage) Must have a flexible flap or tassle Maximum length for pony 13h and under Maximum length for pony/horse over 13h 4.

JUMPING WHIPS Must have a flexible flap Tassle not permitted Must not be weighted at the end Maximum length 75cm including flap 5.

LUNGE WHIPS Must be in good condition, particularly at join of handle and thong Must have a tassle at the end of the thong 6.

MEASURING A WHIP – 1m – 1.20m FROM END OF FLAP/TASSLE TO END OF HANDLE WHIPS WITH HANDS OR STARS AS FLAPS ARE NOT RECOMMENDED AS THE ENDS ARE NOT FLEXIBLE. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – WHIPS / INDICATORS 88 7. WHIPS C A B D E F G H A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

H. 8. Hunting Whip – with lash Hunting Whip – without lash Hacking Cane (NOT permitted in Pony Club Activities) All Purpose Whip – must have loop handle removed Jumping Whip Dressage Whip – must have loop handle removed Dressage Whip – small Dressage Whip – longer – maximum length 1.20m WHIPS – HOW TO CARRY Jumping Whip held correctly Dressage Whip held correctly INDICATORS / RIBBONS IN TAIL The wearing of a coloured ribbon in the tail is permitted.

The different colours indicate: RED GREEN horse is likely to kick horse is young or green. JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – BANDAGES/BOOTS 89 BANDAGES / BOOTS / BELL BOOTS POLAR FLEECE Bandages must be either stitched, or taped with a minimum of three (3) separate rounds of electrical tape.

POLAR FLEECE Bandages are NOT recommended for Cross Country or Show Jumping.

It is recommended that padding be used.

Other Bandages must have padding and be either stitched, or taped with a minimum of three (3) separate rounds of electrical tape.

Bandages and tape not to be tight enough to cause pressure areas.

Boots to be clean and correctly fitted – fastenings at the outside, straps facing backwards.

Taping of Boots is optional.

Boots with metal loop-fasteners must be fitted and fastened correctly 1.

TYPES OF BOOTS THE REASON WHY AT PONY CLUB ACTIVITIES BANDAGES HAVE TO BE SEWN OR TAPED WITH 3 SEPARATE ROWS OF INSULATION TAPE JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – NO-NO‟S 90 NO-NO‟S AT PONY CLUB ACTIVITIES THE FOLLOWING ARE NOT PERMITTED AT ANY PONY CLUB ACTIVITY RUNNING OR BALDING GAG BITS MARKET HARBOROUGH aka GERMAN MARTINGALE BITLESS BRIDLE HACKAMORE JANUARY 2010 (Updated January 2011) PCAWA GEAR CHECKING MANUAL 2010 SADDLERY – NO-NO‟S

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