Green horse: One with little training.
Groom: To groom a horse is to clean and brush him.
Groom also refers to person who does this.
Gymkhana: A program of games on horseback.
Hack: A horse ridden to a hunt meet.
A pleasure riding horse.
Hackamore: A bitless bridle of various designs used in breaking and training. (From Spanish word Jaquima).
Hand: A measure of the height of horses: a hand’s breadth equals 4 inches.
Haw: A third eyelid or membrane in front of eye which removes foreign bodies from the eye.
Head shy: Applied to a horse that is sensitive about the head: jerks away when touched.
Head stall: The leather bridle straps exclusive of bit and reins.
Herd bound: A horse who refuses to leave a group of other horses.
High school: Advanced training and exercise of the horse.
Hobble: Straps fastened to the front legs of a horse to prevent him from straying from camp.
Hogged: Short-cut mane.
Hoof: The foot as a whole in horses.
The curved covering of horn over the foot.
Honda: A ring of rope, rawhide, or metal on a lasso through which the loop slides.
Horse: General term for an animal of the horse kind.
Horse length: Eight feet; distance between horses in a column.
Horsemanship: Art of riding the horse and of understanding his needs.
Jack: A male donkey or ass.
Jaquima: Spanish bridle: a hackamore.
Jockey: The leather flaps on the side of a saddle.
Laminae: The horny-grooved inside of the hoof.
Lariat: From Spanish, la reata, meaning “the rope”.
A rope, often of rawhide, with running noose, used for catching cattle.
Lead: The first stride in the canter. Lead strap: A strap or rope attached to the halter for leading.
Light horse: Any horse used primarily for riding or driving: all breeds except draft breeds.
Longe: A strap, rein, or rope about 30 feet long, attached to halter or cavesson, used in breaking and training.
Mare: A mature female horse.
Martingale: A strap running from the girth between front legs to the bridle.
The standing martingale is attached to the bit.
The running martingale has rings through which the reins pass.
Maverick: An unbranded stray.
Mecate: a hackamore lead rope.
Mellow hide: Soft, pliable, and easy to handle.
Mule: A cross between a jack and a mare.
Near side: The left side of a horse.
Neat’s-foot: An oil made from suet, feet, and bones of cattle, used for softening leather.
Off side: The right side.
Open behind: Hocks far apart, feet close together.
Orloff: A breed of Russian trotting horses.
Outfit: The equipment of rancher or horseman.
Outlaw: A horse that cannot be broken.
Palatable: Agreeable and pleasing to the taste.
Passenger: One who rides a horse without control, letting the horse go as he wishes.
Pathological: A diseased condition.
Paunchy: Too much belly.
Pony: A horse under 14.2 hands.
Pointing: Standing with front leg extended more than normal – a sign of lameness.
Poll: The top of a horse’s head just back of the ears.
Polochain: A chin chain of flat, large links.
Port: The part of the mouthpiece of a bit curving up over the tongue.
Posting: The rising and descending of a rider with the rhythm of the trot.
Pounding: Striking the ground hard in the stride. December 1989 GLOSSARY Page 6 Pudgy: Short and thickset.
Pull leather: Holding to the saddle with hands while riding a bucking horse.
Pulled tail: Hairs of tail thinned by pulling.
Quality: Fineness of texture; freedom from coarseness.
Ray: A black line along the spine.
Also called dorsal stripe.
Reata: Spanish for lasso.
Registration: Recording an animal from registered parents in the breed registry association.
Remuda: A collection of saddle horses at a roundup from which are chosen those used for the day.
A relay of mounts.
Ridgling: A male horse that has retained one or both testicles in his body cavity.
Roached back: Thin, sharp, arched back.
Roached mane: Mane cut off so part is left standing upright.
Rolling: Side motion of the forehand.
Rowels: The toothed wheels on spurs.
Rubberneck: A horse with a very flexible neck, hard to rein.
Running walk: A four-beat gait faster than a walk, often over 6 miles per hour.
Sacking: To slap a horse with a sack, saddle blanket, or tarpaulin as a part of gentling and training.
Shank: that portion of the cheek of the bit from the mouthpiece down.
Sickle-hocked: With a curved, crooked hock.
Side-wheeler: A pacer that rolls the body sidewise as he paces.
Single-foot: A term formerly used to designate the rack.
Sire: the male parent of a horse.
Slab sided: flat ribbed.
Snaffle-key bit: A snaffle with small metal pieces dangling from center used in training colts to the bit.
Sound: Free from any abnormal deviation in structure or function which interferes with the usefulness of the individual. Spread: To stretch or pose.
Stallion: An unaltered male horse.
Stargazer: A horse that holds his head too high and his nose out.
Stud: A place where stallions are kept for breeding.
Stylish: Having a pleasing, graceful, alert, general appearance.
Sunfisher: A bucking horse that twists his body in the air.
Surcingle: A broad strap about the girth, to hold the blanket in place.
Symmetrical: Proper balance or relationship of all parts.
Tack up: To put on bridle and saddle.
Tapadera: Stirrup cover.
Three-gaited: a saddle horse trained to perform at the walk trot, and canter.
Thrifty condition: Healthy, active, vigorous.
Traverse or side step: Lateral movement without forward or backward movement.
Tree: The wooden or metal frame of a saddle.
Tucked up: Thin and cut up in the flank like a greyhound.
Undershot: protruding under jaw.
Utility: the use to which a horse is designated.
Veterinarian: One who is trained and skilled in the treating of diseases and injuries of domestic animals.
Vice: An acquired habit that is annoying, or may interfere with the horse’s usefulness, such as cribbing.
Walk-trot horse: A three-gaited horse: walk, trot, and canter.
Walleyed: Iris of the eye of a light color.
War bridle: An emergency bridle made of rope.
Weanling: a weaned foal.
Wrangling: Rounding up: saddling range horses.
Yeld mare: a mare that did not produce a foal during the current season. December 1989 GLOSSARY Page 7 Additional Horse Terms The mark of a knowing horseman is the terms and “horse-talk” which he uses frequently and correctly.
Learn these terms and use them correctly.
AGE Suckling Weaning Yearling 2-year old Mature Breeding Animals Mature Non-Breeding Animals Colt Colt Yearling Colt 2 year Old Colt Horse or Stallion Gelding MALE Filly Filly Yearling Filly 2 year Old Filly Mare Spayed Mare FEMALE MIXED GROUP Foals Foals Yearling Foals or Foals of Last Year Foals of such and such a year Horses Horses A mare is carrying a foal, or in foal, or with foal.
Mare with foal at side or nursing a foal (to be more specific, use colt or filly).
A mare will foal, or is with foal, to (name of stallion).
The sons and daughters of a mare are her produce.
A foal is by its sire.
A foal is out of its dam.
When a stallion stands for service, he is offered to the public for breeding purposes.
Stallion owners usually present one of the following terms to the mare owner when he offers his stallion for stud: Stud Fee: That charge for breeding services rendered by a stallion.
Stud Fee Each Service: The mare is not guaranteed to be with foal and a stud fee is charged for each service.
Guarantee Foal to stand and suck: Guarantees a live foal.
Return privilege in season: You may bring your mare back until she is with foal for that breeding season only.
A second fee will be charged after that current season if the mare is returned.
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