School : The business though in very good shape an inventory showed….

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Bridle Bijoux - Silver & crystal Horses-store.comSchool : The business though in very good shape an inventory showed….

The Taunton Scarletts: The Main Line.

By James D Scarlett My father, James William Scarlett, was first cousin to James Burton Scarlett, (Scarlett Letter 2/2 October 1995) whose father was the second, not youngest son, of my great-grandfather James, whose portrait, presented ‘by members of the Taunton Vale Hunt (not Harriers) and other friends’ on March 24th 1859 now hangs on my sitting room wall. The family traces back to George Scarlett, who married Mary Ricketts at Berkeley, Glos., on 5th April 1790.

They had eight children, the youngest of whom, Mary, compiled a family history which she gave to her great-nieces, whence it eventually came to me, their great-nephew; this history is not above suspicion but has served as a guide to my researches.

Mary says that her parents had only seven children and does not make clear which of the daughters is omitted.

The eldest son, Richard, became a lawyer and married a Miss Hathaway; they had five children, all of whom died young.

The second son, James was apprenticed to a doctor (George is said to have been a friend of Dr Jenner and to have been one of the first to be vaccinated by him) but did not take to the profession and ran away to sea.

Leaving the sea also, he became a correspondent for a London newspaper, afterwards moving to Taunton and joining a paper there.

He married Mary Bowditch, daughter of a wealthy Taunton family which owned two (perhaps three) estates on the south side of the town.

Ely, the third son, also took to the law remained a bachelor.

Three of the five girls married, one is unaccounted for and Mary remained a spinster. James and Mary (Bowditch) had five children, three boys, James, Henry and George, and two daughters, Ellen and Julianna.

I can just remember Ellen, an ancient bed-ridden lady in a darkened room at my grandmother’s house in Taunton; this would have been over seventy years ago.

The younger sons remained bachelors and died comparatively young; both daughters married. This is the James of the portrait, who became a wine merchant in Taunton, Master of the Taunton Vale Hunt and greatly respected in business and sporting circles as ‘Old Jim Scarlett’.

He married Jane Tite, possibly a journalistic connection; among the mourners at his funeral in 1892 is listed as ‘brother-in-law’- (though he is not in my list of Jane’s siblings) Charles Tite, who had a hand in founding a West Country Newspaper. James and Jane had seven children, another James, George (James Burton’s father), Henry, Eley (who worked for the Eastern Telegraph Co.

And settled in Portuguese East Africa) and three daughters, my great-aunts Kate, Annie and Mary Ann, the receivers of the ‘history’, who lived at Bournemouth, then in Hampshire. James, ‘Young Jim Scarlett’, followed in his father’s footsteps in business and the hunting field.

He married Celia Scott, from Christchurch in Hampshire in November 1890 and on 10th September 1894, he died of ‘an apoplexy’ while hunting, leaving her with my father, aged 3 years and a few days, and another boy, Eley Scott, of fifteen months.

In July, grandfather had entered into a partnership with, I judge, his manager; the actual Partnership Agreement was signed a week before his death.

This was really the end of the senior line of the Taunton Scarletts.

The business, though in very good shape – an inventory showed stock of over £3000, at a time when whisky was four shillings a gallon and champagne twelve shillings and sixpence a dozen bottles – was wound up, my grandmother’s share of the proceeds giving her an independent if moderately frugal life-style and enabling her to put both boys through public school in Taunton (my father went to Queen’s College and Scott to either King’s or Taunton School).

But hopes of University were dashed and my father went to London about 1910 to join what became the Westminster Bank.

Scott emigrated to Canada, to return with the Canadian Expeditionary Force and die of wounds in 1916; his name is on the War Memorial in Vivary Park, Taunton. I have been unable to trace the original George’s antecedents.

He had one brother, a James, who was a clerk in the East India Company and probably at least one other.

His father was probably yet another James and his mother is said to have been a Miss Eley, who brought the name into the family; however there is a Richard, who fits into the picture as George’s uncle and who had three sons, the youngest of whom was named Ely.

It seems to me more likely that Richard would have named his son after his mother rather than after his brother’s wife, and this would put the Eley connection a generation further back. The ‘history’ tells that the Scarletts came from Ireland to Gloucestershire after the Battle of the Boyne, but that one, Robert, went to the West Indies and fathered the first Lord Abinger.

This is quite wrong.

There may have been a Robert but that Robert was born in Jamaica some seventy years after the Boyne; there now seems little hope of finding any official record of an Irish connection. The Bowditches had their wealth by reason of Mary’s Brother James eloping with an under-age girl who had come from the West Indies to stay with her uncle in Taunton.

They ran off to a village in Dorset and arrived very early in the morning; the marriage was to be at eleven, giving the uncle ample time to catch up with them, which he did and carried the girl off.

Two sensational lawsuits followed, resulting in the loss of all the Bowditch possessions except for a few silver forks and spoons and a portrait of another of Mary’s brothers, William which hangs on my wall opposite that of his nephew: their mother spent some time in a Debtor’s prison ‘which cured her rheumatism’. The second of these cases was held in the King’s Bench Division, where Sir James Scarlett, the future Baron Abinger, was King’s Counsel.

It is not clear from the ‘history’ whether he appeared for the Bowditches; if he did, it seems likely that my connection with that branch of the family is through the family silver than through the blood. Ed – John Hodges of Bedford England sent the following interesting information in a recent letter. My great great grandmother, Jane Scarlett, married my great great grandfather, Henry Greenslade, in Liverpool, England, on 14 August 1843.

According to the marriage certificate, her father was Alexander Scarlett, a carpenter.

Henry was in the Army, and he and his family moved around quite a bit. (He was a private in the Royal Sappers and Miners, later to become the Royal Engineers, and he helped with the Ordnance Survey of England and Scotland).

One of their children, Arthur, was born in Scotland in 1855.

This was the first year the birth certificates gave a lot of information, including the birthplace of the parents.

Arthur Greenslade’s birth certificate told me that his mother was born in Belmullis, Co Mayo, Ireland in about 1820.

I have not been able to find Belmullis on a map and I assume it is meant to be Belmullet. I have found Henry and Jane and their family in Glasgow, Scotland in the 1861 census and Jane’s mother, Ann Scarlett, was living with them.

She was described as a widow, her age was given as 74 and her birthplace was Ireland.

Ann Scarlett died in Glasgow in 1864 and her death certificate gives her maiden name as Griffith.

So presumably, Alexander Scarlett married Ann Griffith some time before 1820, probably in Ireland. SCARLETT LETTER – AUSTRALIAN SUPPLEMENT JUNE 1996 The Reunion of Quong Tart’s Descendants. The report of this event in the December 1995 issue was incomplete in one very significant particular – it omitted mention of those still bearing his name.

Ian and Janet Tart were among those attending, and the failure to mention them is acknowledged with apologies. Charles William Lisle Woodcraft, of Wooloowin, Queensland, who was one of the contributors to the old Scarlett Letter (Australian version – see particularly issue No.19, August 1985), died on 3 July 1995.

His brother, Richard (Dick), is now continuing Charles’s family research and has produced an impressive computerised statement of the descendants of Marianne Scarlett and Richard Francis Woodcraft. The Wyoming Reunion is now but a few weeks away, and Scarletts from England, Australia and America are expected to converge in large numbers on Jackson Hole.

A long and detailed report should be expected in due course.

Barbara Scarlett Allen (Aurora, Ohio), Beverley Morling (Melbourne), Helen Graeser (Center Moriches, N.Y.) and Susan Lowe (Sydney) are all known to be busy in the preparation of family material to be exhibited on the occasion. Production of the Australian Supplement.

This matter is still vexed, and readers are asked to regard this issue as a continuation of the earlier ‘with our compliments’ arrangement.

The sale of my late brother’s medico-legal firm means that we no longer have access to free office services and reprography and must therefore go commercial.

My discussion with Duncan when we met in Dublin in January indicated that we shall have to charge a fee of $10 (Aust.) per annum in order to meet costs – but please do not send money yet.

I am a hopeless dealer in fiscal affairs and, working in a place remote from bank, post office and commercial printers, I am hoping to find another who will assume the mantle of editor (or whatever the rôle is).

More of that anon! Jill Moore (née Croker), formerly of Wendouree, Victoria, writes that she is now comfortably settled in her new home at Mount Gambier West, in South Australia, close to her daughter, Penny, where she finds much delight in tending her garden.

She was particularly interested in Marjory Unwin’s recollections in the old Scarlett Letter because they referred to the Infants’ Home, in Ashfield, as being located in the first residence of her grandparents.

As a girl at Kambala School in 1941, Jill began contributing to the school’s support of the Infants’ Home, and has continued to do so ever since, unaware until recently of the link with her own history.

There is an historical tangle, however, in the fact that until at least 1915 John and Isabella Croker’s home, Glanure, was situated next to the Infants’ Home.

Jill is in pursuit of the answer, which is probably that the institution bought the house when the Crokers moved out during the Great War.

Later, as is well known, Isabella Croker owned Clermiston, said to be the oldest house in Roseville, and resided there until her death in 1952. James Desmond Scarlett, of Moy, Scotland, is a well known author of books on Scottish tartans (and confesses ruefully that a work which he entered recently in a Scots book competition was passed over in favour of a policeman’s disquisition on how he polishes his boots!).

His origins lie, however, not in the Scottish Scarletts to whom we have made occasional reference but in the family once well known in Somerset.

A Yorkshire member of this family, James Burton Eley Scarlett, informed us a good many years ago that they had come out of Ireland, and it appeared then that he descended from one of the multifarious sons of Robert Scarlett, of Roy.

James Desmond Scarlett, however, strikes a balance between that claim and a conflicting statement by the Somerset County Archivist that they belonged to Gloucestershire; he is in quest of elusive family papers, once seen and now out of ken, which confirmed the Gloucestershire connection but made reference also to lands held in both Ulster and the West Indies.

Duncan will have more of this story to tell in the main Scarlett Letter. Elliott Line news.

In January I stayed for a few days, as usual, in Dublin with Rowland and Rene Taylor, who live in busy retirement in their Leeson Park home.

Rowland has a long list of interests and hobbies, while Rene, apart from maintaining a fairly large house, gives her time regularly to the local Meals on Wheels organisation.

I took the opportunity also to call in to see Rowland’s nephew, David Welch (son of Hetty), who is manager of the Bible Society Bookshop in the city.

David is planning a family dinner on the occasion of my next visit to Dublin, which I do not expect to occur until about September 1997 – assuming that I am still in the land of the living at that remote time. A niece of Rowland, Zoë (daughter of his sister, Olive Arnold), lives with her husband, Arthur Livingstone, at Stoke Poges, near Windsor, famous as the location of Gray’s Elegy written in a Country Churchyard.

Zoë’s father, Eric Arnold, who now lives at Westport, Co.Mayo, was born in England on 25 April 1905, and after the death of his first wife in 1955, married Zena Simmons, who was born on 30 May 1912.

Zoë’s husband, Arthur, was born on 23 March 1932 and their descendants are – Alan Keith, born 22 April 1958, married Sharon Hoey (originally from Enniskillen).

They have two children – Oliver Maxwell, born 25 November 1988 Abigail, born 24 March 1992 Ian Craig, born 16 October 1959, married Fiona McMahon.

They have two children – Siofrahdh, born 24 April 1984 Emmet, born 1 May 1991 Nigel Graham, born 16 March 1962 Zoë’s only brother, Kenneth, who died in England in 1990, had three sons, Carl (now aged 28), Simon and Timothy (now aged 13). — The following records are a short selection of those I have found in the last few weeks.

During that time I have been mainly researching Scarlett records for Co Londonderry and Belfast in an attempt to fill gaps in families already partially known, to unravel some of the complexities both in those and other families and to search for Scarletts moving from rural Ulster in the search for jobs in the growing towns. 1 From the research I include one family of particular interest.

This is the first record I have found of this head of family and his birth place may suggest a link to a Scarlett family in Canada. From the 1901 CENSUS OF IRELAND AND RECORDS for the city of LONDONDERRY William Scarlett C of I Head of family aged 43 pastry cook born Co Donegal Lizzie Scarlett wife 40 Belfast Mary Scarlett daughter 14 mantle maker Derry City John Scarlett son 11 scholar Derry City Maggy Scarlett daughter 6 at school Derry City 2 This record will be of major interest to the descendants of George Scarlett and Anne Uriell – see Vol2/no2 Oct 1995 From the PORTADOWN and LURGAN WEEKLY NEWS and COUNTY ARMAGH ADVERTISER of Friday 5 March 1881 SUDDEN DEATH IN CARLETON STREET About the middle of last week a police pensioner named George Scarlett, with his wife, came to live in Carleton Street.

On Saturday night some neighbours were astonished to hear that he was dying, and rushing in found the old man in a very feeble condition.

Dr Stewart was called in, but the man died about an hour after.

Quite a furore was created by the news of the death, it having become known, even in so short a period, that the deceased and his wife were not living on the best of terms.

This gave rise to what proved to be most unfair and groundless suspicions, and some members of the Constabulary were placed in charge of the house.

On Monday, at half-past two, an inquest was held by E.D.

Atkinson, Esq., coroner, Mr Harris appeared on behalf of the brother of the deceased, and Mr J.B.

Atkinson, for Mrs Scarlett.

It was ascertained from the various witnesses that deceased was a constabulary pensioner since ’47; that he had been married and had several sons abroad, who contributed to his support; after the death of his first wife, he married the present one – a young woman about half his age – in October twelvemonth last; he has been enabled to save up to £250, £100 of which was lodged jointly in her name; he endeavoured to get a separation from her about six months ago, but gave it over; she was unfortunately addicted to drinking, a fact which seemed to weigh on his mind; on the night of his death she was greatly the worse for drink.

Dr Stewart made an external and post mortem examination of the body, and found that the deceased died from heart disease of long standing.

The jury returned their verdict accordingly. Unfortunately records of the proceedings of the Coroner Court were not kept until 1889 so we do not know the name of George’s brother. 3 From the CLOGHER HISTORICAL RECORD (198-) In an appendix to his article on the Castlecaldwell Estate in West Fermanagh John Cunningham lists a lease of a tenancy to a Robert Scarlett in 1757 (ie in the parish of Belleek) The author of the article is a well known local historian of West Fermanagh and an authority on the Caldwell Estate.

In a response to a request he told me the estate papers are in a library in Manchester (England) and he promised to look for any other references to Robert or other Scarletts in those papers when next in Manchester 4 From the TOWNLAND INDEX OF IRELAND — Both articles in this edition come from the tireless Helen Graeser and show her well known skill in interpretation of records. DAVID & LETITIA SCARLETT of Co.

Armagh, Ireland During the search for Scarlett history little bits and pieces of information regarding a David Scarlett of Armagh began to appear.

Over time those bits and pieces formed into an outline which gives us a partial story of David Scarlett and his wife Letitia of Armagh. Still missing in David Scarlett’s story is the date of his birth, the place and origins of his paternal family, as well as the date of his marriage to Letitia.

Although we do not have the details of his early life we know more about his later life. [Editor – As his eldest son was born in Cavan it is possible that David may have come from the parish of Moybologue (Bailieborough).

The only Cavan Scarlett family with a David in the records in the early 19th century lived in Bailieborough where in 1810 a David Scarlett married Grace Wauchop or Walsh both recorded as being of that parish.] By the year 1826 David was well established as Master of the Model School at the Mall in the cathedral ‘city’ Armagh.

At the same time David’s wife was Mistress at the same school.

The history of this school shows it was built by His Grace, Dr William Stuart, the then Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland.

He had erected two well-built and distinct houses which were to become two separate schools; one for boys and one for girls.

The schools which were also called Primate Stuart’s schools, were opened 1st December 1818 and by 17th March 1819 over two hundred pupils were in attendance. Although the 1826 ‘Appendix to the Second Report of the Commissioners of Irish Education Inquiry’ describes David and Letitia Scarlett as master and mistress of the Mall Model School in all likelihood they were appointed to the positions at the time of opening in 1818.

In 1826 they had about 212 pupils, both Protestant and Catholic.

They earned a salary of 120 pounds a year.

That handsome sum included an endowment to the school from Archbishop Stuart, of 60 pounds to the master and 30 pounds to the mistress.

David and Letitia also lived in an ‘uncommonly fine house’ valued at £200. [Editor – The Griffiths Valuation of 1833 shows that David was also the tenant for an unknown period of time of a farm of over 13 acres Irish of good quality land situated just to the north of Armagh.

Obviously he was not totally committed to school teaching.] As master of the Model School David Scarlett was required to see that the 145 male students in his care were instructed in reading, writing, grammar, geography, arithmetic, Euclid, algebra, mensuration and bookkeeping.

There was also the required instruction in the scriptures and church catechism to those who did not object. The mistress had similar duties in that she was responsible for the instruction to 77 female pupils in the subjects of reading, writing, grammar, geography and arithmetic.

There was also plain and fancy needle work and knitting, and to those who did not object, scriptures and church catechism. The master and mistress were assisted in the instruction of their pupils by teachers who resided in the apartments provided for them in the school buildings.

However it was the duty of the head master and mistress to hear repetitions on Saturdays to estimate the pupils’ progress.

Sunday was dedicated to the instruction of the established religion, church catechism and other branches of religious knowledge.

The children also accompanied the head master and mistress to church where they were required to make the proper responses. Although these details give us some idea of David and Letitia Scarlett’s academic life there is little knowledge of the personal side of that life.

Their oldest son Richard Scarlett was born circa 1806 or 1807 in County Cavan before their time at the Mall Model School.

A second son William Stewart was born in 1821 at Armagh as was the third son David who was born circa 1838.

The younger sons both died young, William at age 18 at Armagh City and David, who was listed as a clerk, died 1865 in his 20s at Middletown, Armagh. The oldest son, Richard who was educated at the Royal School of Armagh, entered Trinity College, Dublin in 1825 at age 19.

Richard completed his degree at Trinity College, in 1831.

In 1851 he married Margaret Elgee and they resided in Dublin where Richard was established as a chemist and druggist. By 1852 David and Letitia Scarlett had apparently retired from their positions as master and mistress of the school at the Mall and were residing at Middletown where David had become a pawnbroker.

In that year David transferred property at Middletown to his son Richard and wife Margaret Elgee.

On the 8th March 1853 David Scarlett described as Pædagogue (later pawnbroker) died at Middletown, Co Armagh.

His wife Letitia Scarlett, headmistress lived at Middletown where she died on December 19 1865 at the age of 80. Richard Scarlett died in Dublin City, where there is the following grave stone inscription at the Mount Jerome Cemetery ‘In loving memory of Richard Scarlett A.B., T.C.D., Late of Armagh who died 22nd April 1878 aged 73 years also his wife Margaret Elgee Scarlett who died May 27, 1894 aged 91 years.’ Apparently the family of David and Letitia Scarlett and their son Richard ended with their deaths as there has been no further issue found to date. Helen L.

Graeser The Scarlett Immigrants from Ireland in Ontario Canada The area now known as the Province of Ontario, Canada was formed in 1842 by the joining of the territories of Upper Canada and Lower Canada.

At that early time, life in Ontario was rural with small scattered settlements amid a vast wilderness.

The population established there in the early 1800s was made up largely of Americans born in the United States of British Stock.

A portion of those were Royalists who had fled north to escape the American Revolution, bringing with them the traits of their British heritage and their English language. [Editor – There was another wave of immigration from Ulster in the period after the ending of the Napoleonic Wars.

The immigrants were mostly families led by soldiers disbanded from the British Army and small farmers who had suffered from the substantial post-war slump in grain prices.] While Ontario was opening to settlers seeking fertile land and rich resources, Ireland in the 1840s was facing the plight of the potato disease which brought about the vast emigration of the late 1840s and 1850s.

The British government fearing an influx of Irish peasants upon their shores encouraged emigration westward to the Americas.

This emigration came about easily as ships having unloaded their cargoes of raw materials from America were seeking cargoes for their return voyage home.

What better way than to take on the poor Irish seeking to escape the poverty and hunger brought about by the potato famine.

Brokers set up shops in the coastal towns of Ireland to arrange for passage to America. Wherever possible the Irish headed for the United States preferring to avoid any further connections to the Crown.

With the increase of poverty stricken Irish the United States restricted the number of passengers per vessel as well as increasing the fares.

The British government prevailed upon the Canadian sea captains to charge cheaper fares to Canada.

Although Canada was not seeking to increase its population in this manner some passengers were offered free fares if they promised to settle in Canada.

It was through those cheaper, and sometimes free, fares that many poor Irish found their way to a new life in the unsettled lands and wilderness of Canada. — ADDRESS BY ERROL LEA-SCARLETT, 11 JULY It was not without some kicking and screaming that I agreed to give this address, for I am a poor speaker, but Barbara and Dick persuaded me that I should make the attempt to give some sense of unity to the occasion which brings us together, so here I am.

Someone said of Oliver Goldsmith that ‘he wrote like an angel but spoke like poor poll’ – the latter part of that, but only the latter, applies equally to me. This afternoon, testing some possible openings with Barbara, I asked ‘Did you know that a bugler at the battle of Agincourt was named Thomas Scarlett?’ – ‘No’. ‘Did you know that Shakespeare’s grandmother was a Scarlett?’ – ‘Did you know that Thomas Cubitt’s mother was a Scarlett?’ – ‘Who was Thomas Cubitt?’ Without subjecting you to a lecture on the life and personality of Thomas Cubitt, I must therefore drop the approach, hoping that no one will ask ‘Who was Shakespeare?’ What actually links us all here tonight is a name.

There are genetic links – many of you, for instance, are my fourth cousins – and it may be that more remotely all who bear the name Scarlett have a common origin, but research has not yet proved the point.

Nevertheless, possessing the one name, we are all bound in a particular way, and perhaps there are certain characteristics common to us all.

The motto on the arms presented on the name tags is Suis stat Viribus.

I would translate it as He stands by his own Strength, or by his own Resourcefulness, although James, who is a far better classicist than I, refused to be drawn on the point last night when I put it to him.

The attribute is demonstrated, however, in Lyn’s claim tonight to deserve two gold stars on her name tag because she beat the rest of us to Inverlochy.

However it may be, there is no doubt that we take pride in our name, and I can recall thinking, as a snobbish little boy, when I encountered some rather humble folk called Scarlett that they should not be allowed to have the name.

If some of you may think that I do not deserve it, that is a fitting retribution for my own childish unkindness. Whatever be our remote origins – and I can not tell you whether the presence of the lions’ paws and the pillar on the Lion Gate at Mycenæ and on the shield which is so familiar to us indicates that there were Scarletts who escaped from Mycenæ and a couple of thousand years later appeared in Europe – it is a fact that the name Scarlatti existed in Italy in mediæval times, and Ecarlat (which becomes Scarlat if we substitute S for the É) was a name known in Normandy at about the time of the Conquest.

Shortly afterwards, we find Scarlett (spelt in various ways) as a surname in England, and no matter where we may find our more recent roots, there is no doubt that England is our ultimate home. The Scarlett diaspora, following settlement in England, began in the late sixteenth century, when the name began to appear in Scotland (where we still know little of those families), Ireland and the colonies.

We can identify certain discrete groups, most of them represented here, who have emerged.

The best known, of course, is the Jamaican family because one of their number, James Scarlett, was raised to the peerage as Lord Abinger, and those commencing research quickly find details of his family in any standard peerage. Another family, settled in England until recent times, is that from Staffordshire, one of whom founded the numerous Canadian groups represented by Peter, who has brought so much of the fruit of his research to share with us. In Ireland the name became prolific, following the emergence of two John Scarletts – whether father and son, or the same person twice mentioned is not known – near Castlecoole, close to Enniskillen, in the late Elizabethan period.

This was some fifty years before the Cromwellian Plantations which resulted in the appearance of many English families in Ireland.

The Scarletts in Ulster produced large families on their pocket handkerchief-sized farms and later generations were forced to move to the south, following two distinct routes on either side of Lough Erne.

Thus, although the name is now less frequently met in Ireland, there are still families in Fermanagh and in Cavan, although on the east of the lough only: the name is no longer to be found on the western side. The Drumboghena Scarletts, in Fermanagh, have been meticulously documented by Helen, while Beverley has done the same for her group, who moved a little to the south, into Cavan.

Another large group, still in Fermanagh, the Lislaris family, has been similarly and exhaustively traced by Duncan.

To the west of Lough Erne the group best known to us (and many of us here descend from it) was that focussing on Robert Scarlett, of Roy, who had a very large family, reputed to have numbered about twelve sons and three daughters, not all of whose names are known. (One tradition, fortunately unproven, is that his children were so high spirited that he brought about his own death by running his horse against a tree in order to escape from them).

Of his family, not in order of birth, we know descendants of William (now all in Australia, but not represented here), Lancelot and George (all in the United States), Robert (all in Australia) and Thomas (all in the United States and Australia – accounting for about half of those here now). That Thomas – who used to be called ‘The Murdered Thomas’ (but he was not murdered at all) – had fewer children than his father, and there are only two who account for descendants in this room.

Thomas junior, who was a drummer boy in the army of the North during the Civil War, has many descendants, including the family resident in Jackson Hole.

His brother, Robert Wetmore Scarlett, accounts for the Scarletts in Baltimore and Philadelphia; Barbara descends from him and it is her work that has brought us together now and enabled us to restore so many links that had become weak with the passing of time. Although the largest and most representative, this is not the first Scarlett Reunion.

The first was held in Sydney in 1982, in order to celebrate the centenary of the arrival of my great-grandparents from England, where their family had been born and bred.

As both had first cousins in Australia long before their own migration and we had never lost touch with their descendants, those families also were included, so there were many who were not Scarlett descendants at that reunion.

Two questions were important on that occasion: should we have a church service to give thanks for the centenary, and should we celebrate it further with a picnic or a semi-formal dinner? Being very conservative, I was much relieved to discover that my relatives shared my own hope that we would have the service and follow it with a dinner.

We therefore needed a venue which would provide a church as well as the other necessary facilities, and we found it in a Jesuit school.

The only man of the cloth we had in the family was a retired Presbyterian Moderator, so we had a Presbyterian service in a Jesuit church – and he gave us an excellent sermon in which he did not spare the rod! In 1988 Barbara, tracking down dispersed groups in America, attended small dinners in both Baltimore and Philadelphia, where relatives came together, sometimes for the first occasion, to renew links.

Out of that grew the great occasions in Britain in 1991, which many of us attended.

There was an initial reception in London, hosted by Lord Abinger and Norman Scarlett-Streatfeild.

As we had not been able to think of a suitable venue in England for the major reunion, we chose the most expensive hotel in Scotland, at £196 per night for a bed, with various extras, as I recall.

We went to Inverlochy. Now, thanks to Dick’s enterprise, we meet again in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

We have much to share and compare in rediscovering what it is that binds Scarletts to each other.

I was told today that Amy has my eyes.

That is a fact, and a considerable compliment to me, but if Amy were to have any other features of my decrepit physiognomy her beauty would be hopelessly impaired. Two other matters deserve comment.

One is the work of family historians who toil away at aspects of our story.

First of all, there is Duncan, whose inability to be here is something like a tragedy.

He is a remarkable man, possessing the quietness and thoughtfulness of the best Ulsterman; at the same time he is a man of great moderation, an Ulster Protestant with leanings to Catholicism.

He is the epicentre of the history-gathering enterprise, and the discipline and quality of his own work make him ideal for the task.

Then James, in gathering and preserving records of the Scarletts in the West Indies, has set an example of care and diligence, while Peter’s work on the Staffordshire family has matched that record.

A quite remarkable fact is that among the ablest family historians, there is a large number of women, beginning with Mrs Bessie Florence Scarlett, grandmother of the present Lord Abinger, who wrote indefatigably to journals, particularly Notes and Queries, in her researches, which covered all of the name, not simply the group into which she had married.

She was a Shelley, of the family of the poet, and although not a poetess, she showed equal skill as an historian.

The loss of her notebooks – only one survives, in the possession of Lord Abinger – is a tragedy.

In our own time we have Helen, whose rigour in research and interpretation is noteworthy, Barbara, who works with so much skill and dynamism, and Beverley, whose research and writing are monumental.

Beverley is now taking control of the Australian Supplement to the Scarlett Letter, and that brings me to my final point. The Scarlett Letter began in Sydney about 1979 or 1980 as a little newsletter, retailing pieces of research and parish pump type news for the benefit of those who finally attended the 1982 reunion.

After Inverlochy, in 1991, it moved, quite properly to the United Kingdom, where our roots lie, to be conducted by Duncan.

In order to keep up the parish pump items, we have since then produced an Australian Supplement to the main publication.

It may well be that a North American Supplement should also be produced, as a means of sharing local family news among those living in this part of the world. So I reach the end of the task which I have discharged with the meagre skill of Poor Poll.

At this point, it is proper to extend thanks to Dick and Maggie, who have made arrangements with grace and efficiency which have placed us all in their debt.

At a purely personal level, I must also thank their son, Bill, who has done so much to help me in my confusion – everything from finding the luggage which I was sure I had lost, to buying the toothpaste which I had forgotten and showing me how to turn on the hot water tap which had confounded me.

His sense of service is the finest tribute to the excellence of the parents from whom he has learnt it. SCARLETT NEWSLETTER AUSTRALIAN SUPPLEMENT JANUARY 1997 BEVERLEY MORLING I have inherited the Australian edition and distribution of Duncan Scarlett’s newsletter thanks (?) to Errol.

He no longer has photocopying facilities but the fact that our copier is in Melbourne and we now live at Phillip Island fell on deaf ears and I was “delegated”.

Therefore apologies in advance if there is a delay in distribution at the — Also found was an Abiah Scarlett known to have been of Irish descent and a Quaker, who lived at Kennet Square, Chester County and who died in 1887.

Abiah Scarlett had at least one son named Taylor Scarlett. Mrs Vernene Krein of 3350 So.

Eagle Rock Road, American Falls, Indiana 83211 has traced her Scarlet family lines back to Chester County, Pennsylvania where her early ancestor Humphry Scarlet, born about 1667 and his wife Ann Richards, born about 1664, settled.

Both were born in England and were of the Quaker faith.

It was in Chester County that their son Shadrack Scarlet was born about 1703.

Shadrack Scarlet who died about 1739 at Chester married Phebe Bowater about 1717.

The family continued at Chester when their daughter Phebe Scarlet married John Allen about 1740. Vernene would be delighted to hear from anyone familiar with the Scarlet family of Chester County, Pennsylvania. Helen L.

Graeser More about the Scarlett Immigrants from Ireland found in Ontario Canada In the previous issues we touched on some of the Scarlett lines who, through emigration, were transplanted to new lives in a new country.

Among those were John Scarlett who had served in the R.I.C.

In Counties Londonderry and Donegal.

Along with his wife, Elizabeth, sons John Sampson and Robert Colin, John Scarlett was found living in the Parry Sound District of Ontario. Also mentioned were the Scarlett brothers, John, Robert, James and William who had emigrated from the Parish of Killoughter, County Cavan, Ireland to Simcoe County, Ontario and George Scarlett and his wife Mary Anne Gilmore and their family who were living at Arthur Township.

George and Mary’s son, George Jr., married Catherine Jane Scarlett, daughter of Robert and Jane Scarlett in 1870 at Proton township, Wellington County.

Little else is known of the Proton Scarletts except their connection by marriage to the Arthur township Scarlett family. While the above families have known descendants living in Canada and the United States there were other Scarletts who also had emigrated to Ontario but whose origins in Ireland and descendants are unknown.

Among those found in Seymour township, Northumberland County was Edward Scarlett listed as ‘Public School Inspector in Canada’.

Edward, b circa 1821, was married twice.

His first wife was Mary Burkill by whom he had three children.

William McClure Scarlett, b 1850 became a school teacher and married in 1878.

Son George b 1852 may also have been a school teacher; however, no further record was found for him.

Daughter, Minniet A Scarlett, b 1856, might possibly have died young as she is not mentioned in her father Edward’s will. Although Mary Burkill Scarlett’s death was not located, Edward was next found married to Mary’s sister Hannah Burkill, b.

Circa 1824 in Ireland.

Edward and Hannah Scarlett had four children: Ella Jane, b 1860, and twin sons Robert A.

And Edward Jr, b 1862 and Annie Bella, b 1865.

No further record of Robert A.

Scarlett was found but Ella Jane, Anne Bella and Edward Jr.

Were mentioned in Edward Scarlett’s extensive five page will dated 1893. Hannah died in 1895 and shortly after in November 1895 her husband Edward Scarlett died.

Informant at both deaths was Edward Scarlett, Jr.

In December 1895, Annie Bella Scarlett married John Nelles Bastedo, age 37, a railroad passenger agent and a resident of Detroit, Michigan. A second Scarlett family was found in Seymour township; however, no connection to Edward Scarlett and his family could be found.

The 1871 census lists three Scarletts: Edward age 19 and Susan age 17, both born in the United States, and Margaret age 15, b Ontario, living with the family of James and Jane Irwin.

However, in 1870 when the three Scarlett siblings married, their parents were listed as Robert Scarlett and Jane Turner.

This raised questions as to whether their father Robert had died and their mother Jane Turner Scarlett remarried James Irwin.

Unfortunately no death record could be located for Robert Scarlett, leaving many question regarding the three Scarlett siblings and the family they lived with. To make Scarlett research more complicated, but yet more interesting two William Scarletts, both born in Ireland, were found living in Carleton County.

Not much is known about either William and only sketchy information could be found.

One William was married to Mary b.

Circa 1813 in Ireland.

They had three known children: William Jr.

B.

Circa 1849 who died in 1877 of typhoid fever.

Their son James b.

Circa 1852 married in 1878 Mary Ellen Celland, while daughter Jane b.

Circa 1854 had married Thomas Bradley in 1876. Even less is known of the second William Scarlett of Carleton County.

His wife was named Nancy and they had at least one son Thomas b.

Circa 1848.

In 1877 Thomas Scarlett married Jane Walcam.

At that point the records failed to reveal any thing further in regard to the Carleton County Scarletts. In the township of Cavindish, Peterboro County another William Scarlett, b.

Circa 1835 in Ireland was found along with his wife Mary Ann Richard, also born in Ireland.

Apparently William and Mary had emigrated to the United States first where their three known sons were born.

By 1871 they had made their way to Canada settling in Cavindish.

Nothing is known about the son John W.

Scarlett except that he was born in New York State and he married in 1887.

Even less is known in regard to William Jr.

B.

Circa 1855 in the U.S.

William and Mary’s youngest son George Scarlett also b.

Circa 1858 in the U.S.

Was married in 1886 at Victoria County to Isabella Cananan.

Except that George died in 1907 nothing further came to light regarding this couple. The limited information found on the various groups of Scarlett families failed to reveal any clue as to where in Ireland they had emigrated from.

It is difficult to follow Canadian records as they supply little background information.

Parents’ names for the deceased were not added to the records until 1915.

There are also no emigration records prior to the early 1920s.

What also compounded research were the common given names of the Scarletts involved.

It became highly difficult and involved when attempting to sort out several families descending from Robert and Jane Scarletts and from William and Mary Scarletts.

As we join together in our combined interest in the history of the Scarlett name perhaps we will eventually uncover clues that will solve the many problems arising from the Canadian Scarlett research.

I look forward to the day we will have some knowledge of the descendants of those Irish immigrants in Canada and perhaps be able to place them in their proper Scarlett line and origin in Ireland. Helen L Graeser WILLIAM SCARLETT J.P.

Of MIRBOO, VICTORIA A Colourful Character William Scarlett was born on 24 06 1832 at Drumgola in the parish of Urney Co.

Cavan He was the third child of eight born to Robert and Letitia (née Gumley) Scarlett who were tenants of a small six acre farm on Lord Farnham’s estate.

Six of these siblings eventually emigrated all going to Australia.

It is not surprising that so many emigrated since Ireland was suffering from the social and economic consequences of the Great Famine of the late 1840s to which emigration was a well established response as the children grew up at Drumgola.

William was the first to emigrate leaving home at the age of 17.

He arrived in Sydney on board the Anglia on 22 01 1850 together with two older maternal cousins Eliza and Letitia Gumley from his mother’s home parish of Drung, Co Cavan. Just over four years later William married Lucinda (Lucy) Scott who had arrived in Melbourne on the Lady Kennaway on 15 08 1853.

Lucy had been born quite close to William’s home on 10 09 1883 on her parents’ 42 acre tenant farm in the townland of Clonloskan in the parish of Kilmore.

Perhaps as their homes were close they had known one another in Cavan and had made plans for Lucy to follow William to Australia or perhaps they met by chance for the first time in Melbourne and were drawn together by their common birthplace.

It is unlikely that we shall ever know the answer to that question but some eight months after Lucy’s arrival in Melbourne they married there on 10 04 1854.

Between 1856 and 1873 they had ten children the ninth of whom was my grandmother Emily Amelia b1869 and the last to die (1962). I have been unable to prove exactly how William’s father Robert connects to the other Cavan and Fermanagh Scarlett families.

The marriage in Urney Parish Church in 1838 of George Scarlett from Drumboghena in the parish of Drummully in Fermanagh to Elizabeth Brownlee who was probably from the townland of Drumgola suggests a possible but as yet still unconfirmed link with another Scarlett family group. Since my mother died in 1980 I have been researching the Scarlett family – a name I had never heard her mention.

I had grown up believing my grandmother (Emily Amelia) had just two sisters, when in fact she was one of 10 children.

Some descendants of other branches were raised believing there were no other relatives at all in the Scarlett line.

None of the sons were mentioned in William Scarlett’s will, only his daughters. William Scarlett led a well documented, mobile and colourful life.

He ‘wheeled and dealed’ his way around various towns in Victoria.

He established hotels and stores, he bought and sold land and was not afraid of hard work in his younger years. Shortly after arriving in Australia he began storekeeping in New England for 18 months and was then at the Turon diggings for some time.

He then came south to Victoria and joined the gold escort in 1854 and was soon promoted to be in charge at Moliagul for 2 years.

He resigned there in 1856 and received a £150 gratuity.

This was followed by a comparatively settled period when he had a store in New Bendigo and then an hotel and store at nearby Hawkesdale.

In 1855 the Belfast Gazette stated the Hawkesdale area was first settled by William Scarlett who probably named the settlement.

Scarlett was a prominent local identity being well known for his fiery temper.

He was on the school committee and a building was completed in 1865.

William held several land grants in the area and was a councillor here and later in other areas for a total of over 20 years.

In the book ‘From Forest, Swamp and Stones – a history of the Shire of Minhamite’, it tells council meetings were frequently lacking in constructive activity.

Councillors Scarlett, Hurst and Quinlan were probably most at fault, Scarlett and Hurst because of their violent dislike of each other and Quinlan because of the extraordinary frequency with which he was a minority of one on different issues. When William sold his interests in Hawkesdale for £3500 around 1873 he moved to a neighbouring town and purchased the Mortlake Hotel.

This was held in Lucy’s name since William already held the licence for another inn at nearby Hexham.

In the early 1880s they were on the move again when William and Lucy sold up all their Mortlake area interests and moved to Mirboo North in Gippsland, south east of Melbourne.

They bought 1160 acres and established farming and grazing interests and later the hotel and several shops where their elder daughters worked when they grew up. William features in numerous references in the book ‘The Unfolding Hills – a history of the Mirboo Pioneers of the Gippsland Forests’ 1878-1914.

He discovered a seam of coal on his property at Mirboo but apparently found it difficult to get people interested in developing industry in the area.

In 1885 with characteristic enthusiasm and energy he advertised the presence and wealth of the coal seam on his land by organising the almost impossible task of mining a 25 ton block of coal and transporting it to Melbourne almost 100 miles away.

The same block of coal was sent to London for display at the Indian and Colonial Exhibition of 1887.

His hard work was well rewarded as on 20th July 1886 the Morwell and Mirboo Gazette gave details of the disposal by William of the lease of the mine on his land to a Melbourne business syndicate for a rumoured £15,000. William became a councillor again this time on the Narracan Shire Council for four years and was President of the Council for the 1886/87 term.

By the late 1880s according to the book ‘Victoria and its Metropolis’ 1888 he was a Justice of the Peace yet he gets numerous mentions in the Belfast, Mortlake and Mirboo Petty Sessions Court books.

At Mirboo North there are 16 entries.

On 10 09 1891 William charged Thomas Ashworth with neglecting to erect a dividing fence.

On 13 11 1891 Thomas Ashworth charged William Scarlett for trespass damages by cattle.

A wise magistrate ordered 15 chains of fence and 4 lorries of top soil with ½ costs each to plaintiff and defendant.

On 18 01 1894 William Drummond, a bullock driver, with a reputation for fighting when under the influence, unlawfully assaulted William Scarlett at Mirboo North and was fined £3 or 14 days imprisonment. Due to the huge 1890s bushfires, much of the Scarlett fortune was wiped out.

After Lucy died on 13 10 1898 William lived his remaining years with Elizabeth at Goyura in northern Victoria.

He did there on 01 06 1901 and was buried with Lucy in Mirboo North cemetery. Beverley J.

Morling The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) Ltd Between 1858 and 1861 the small sleepy country town of Clones, Co.

Monaghan became an important railway junction in South Ulster with lines running to Belfast, Londonderry (via Enniskillen), Dublin (via Dundalk) and Cavan (and on to Dublin).

The various smaller companies which had built these lines (Irish broad gauge 5’ 3”) eventually amalgamated in 1876 to form the Great Northern Railway.

Nine years later the G.N.R.

Built a short branch line (from the Clones-Cavan line) to Belturbet to establish a joint railhead with the Cavan and Leitrim Railway (Irish narrow gauge 3’ 0”) which ran from Belturbet (Co Cavan) via Ballinamore to Dromod (Co Leitrim).

These railway lines played an important role in the economic and social life and development of South Ulster for nearly 100 years. A major part of the goods traffic on the railways was the carriage of local farm produce and especially livestock sold at the fairs held monthly in the towns of the area.

The livestock were taken in special trains to the ports of Londonderry, Belfast and Dublin for export to Great Britain. — NEWMAN SCARLETT OF TEWKSBURY, MASSACHUSETTS AND HIS DESCENDANTS Part 1 As of this date, I have been able to trace my Scarlett family back to Newman Scarlett (1740-1799).

He lived in the town of Tewksbury, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

Newman was born 24 Oct 1740, but I do not know where he was born or the names of his parents.

In a 1902 Boston newspaper a descendant, Merrill Scarlett, inquired about his ancestor Newman Scarlett.

He stated ‘Scarlett is descended from Captain Scarlett of Boston, and the tradition in the family is that at the burning of Charlestown he went to Tewksbury and settled there.’ I could find no reply to his query.

Alta E.

Walsh who became a member of the D.A.R.

In 1909 states in her application that Newman was born in England and that his father was John Scarlett, formerly of Marble Head, Massachusetts, but she offers no proof.

She had made an error in Newman’s date of birth, so I have to question the rest of her information.

Several generations ago, my father liked to tell the story that the first Scarlett in the United States was a very small boy who was the only survivor of a shipwreck off the East Coast.

Since he could not say his name and was clad in a red suit, he was given the name of Newman Scarlett.

Perhaps someone reading this article will be able to provide the information I need to be able to trace my family beyond Newman. Massachusetts was still a colony under British rule when the Scarlett name first appears in the Tewksbury records, but by this time the colonists’ dissension with English rule had begun to foster thoughts of complete independence from the mother country.

Tewksbury was established in 1734 and shortly thereafter town meetings were held and committees appointed.

They then began the business of planning and building highways, a church and schools.

The highways took priority in order to get people to the meeting house as well as to serve business puproses.

The church came next (around 1736), although it took several years to complete.

In the meantime they met in the home of John French Jr.

After the church was built, the question which next engaged the town was the seating.

The questions of payment and precedence enlisted the interest of the entire town.

If one could construct a plan of that ancient seating and mark the location of the family pews, we would have a good idea of the social position of the various households.

In May 1798 the town voted to introduce the Bass Viol into the meeting-house (Church) on the Sabbath Day and other days of Public Worship.

This same year the building and sale by auction of four new pews took place.

They sold for $81, $79.50, $58 and $52.75. In 1888 the Rev.

E.W.

Pride wrote a very thorough history of Tewksbury.

It is included in the volumes of ‘History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts’.

Much of my information regarding the early days of Tewksbury comes from this book.

He describes this New England town and its surroundings with such great detail that I feel familiar with the town in which Newman Scarlett lived in the late 1700s.

I have copies of maps of Tewksbury dated 1831 and 1864 showing the rivers, ponds and streams that Rev.Pride describes as well as some of the names of the people he mentions and where they lived.

He says it was one of the few places on the American continent where the Scotch heath is found, although it was becoming rare at that time. Newman was married to Betty Peacock in 1761.

She was born in 1743, the daughter of William and Betty (Farmer) Peacock.

Newman and Betty had eight children, six of whom lived to adulthood and married.

Betty b 1762 married Abel Davis 1784; Lydia b 1763 married Joseph French Jr 1783; Sarah b 1766 married Silas Farmer 1827; Mary b 1767 married Moses Gray 1791; Newman b 1769 married Phebe Ball 1793 (THIS NEWMAN IS MY DIRECT LINE); Rhoda b 1774 married Kindell Emerson 1796. Newman’s main occupation was farming, but he also served as a school master between 1771-1777.

The history of the public school in Tewksbury began in 1740.

School was held for three months during the winter season.

It was probably held in the meeting house.

An actual school building wasn’t mentioned until 1770 and it was not until 1771 that the name of the first female teacher appeared.

In 1776 the rate for teaching was four shillings a week. Betty, Newman’s first wife, died in 1775 from dysentery at the age of thirty-two.

In 1776 Newman married Mary (Molly) Merrill who was born in 1747 the daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth (Bailey) Merrill.

Molly was a school teacher from 1771-1776.

They had nine children: Hannah b 1777; William b 1778, married Nancy Manning 1805, he married his second wife Hannah Burtt in 1827; Merrill b 1780, married Rhoda Hardy 1801; Nancy b 1781, married Issac Shed 1802; Abner b 1783, married Sally Franklin (?); Susanna b 1785; Sherebiah b 1787, married Olive Livingston 1807, his second wife was Polly Livingston; Chadmiel b 1789, married Rebecca Hazeltine 1811; and Polly b 1792. In 1774 the British imposed the Intolerable Acts – laws that closed the port of Boston to shipping, forbade town meetings and required food and housing for British soldiers.

As a result of the acts, the First Continental Congress was formed in this same year as a step toward separation from England. As the country continued its struggle for freedom, Newman Scarlett served as selectman and town clerk of Tewksbury, positions he held from 1778 to 1779.

Tewksbury Town Records from 1734 to present can be found in the Town Clerk’s Office in Tewksbury.

I have copies of several in my possession which were written the time Newman Scarlett was town clerk and I am pleased to have his signature.

While these records sometimes seem repetitious and routine, they do give us an accurate account of what the town and its people were facing and dealing with month to month and year to year. Some information that comes from these town records is as follows: American Revolution – Feb.1773 – the first note of the coming strife sounds in the town records.

Sept.1774 – seven months before the battle of Lexington they voted to buy more powder for a town stock and to buy two more barrels of powder for a town stock and to ‘leave it with the committee to provide bullits and flints as they shall think proper.’ March 1775 – the town voted to raise “minute-men” and to give them five shillings a piece for every half-day in the week that they train until further notice.

March 9th 1775 they voted to choose a committee to suppress disorders in town.

Mr Ezra Kindall was chosen as agent to care for the farms that belonged to Tory sympathizers. These actions by the town council were none too soon.

On April 19th 1775 the embattled farmers at Concord and Lexington, as Emerson says, ‘fired the shot heard round the world.’ Tewksbury was roused that famous night, or rather morning by one of the men started by Paul Revere on his famous ride through the Middlesex farms.

Three companies of men marched from Tewksbury to answer the Lexington alarm – one composed of minute-men and the other two of militia men. Almost every family name in Tewksbury is listed as responding to the ‘call’ and Newman Scarlett was among them.

He served as Sergeant in the militia that day in 1775.

Later, in the fall of 1777 he served as a Lieutenant in a regiment that reinforced the northern army.

On July 4 1776 the Declaration of Independence was adopted and forwarded to King George.

Independence finally rang in on September 3 1783, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

By February 1788 Massachusetts was sixth of the 13 colonies to ratify the Constitution. It’s surprising to read that slavery existed in Massachusetts at this time, but the vital records show that several of the prominent families as well as the Rev.

Spaulding did have negroes that ‘belonged to them.’ Records show that Newman had a slave by the name of Royal b 1765 that belonged to him. On June 17 1799 Newman was found dead in the office of the town clerk.

He was almost 59.

He died without a will, but I have copies of the records that pertain to the settlement of his estate, which are very interesting as they describe in detail his assets and liabilities – his property, household goods and livestock.

His wife Molly administered the estate.

These papers alone would be wonderful material for a history book about that period of time.

Newman was a member of the Congregation Church – he owned a pew in the meeting house gallery which was valued at $12.00 at the time of his death.

He was buried in Tewksbury.

Molly and probably 13 of his 17 children survived him.

Molly was 75 when she died in Tewksbury Oct. 1822 of cholera morbus. Part II: The Scarletts in Vermont, New York and Ohio. Part III: The Scarletts in Indiana Submitted by: Carol J.

Craig, 3508 Delray Drive, Fort Wayne, IN. 46815, U.S.A. — 26 December 1858 – 31 July 1944 David Scarlett was born in Ballybay in County Monaghan.

He was almost certainly of very ordinary parentage, but he was often heard to remark, with the wink of an eye, that he was the offspring of nobility. On 4 April 1876 at the age of 17 and just 5’3” tall he joined the Monaghan Militia, having been a servant until that time.

He was however able to read and write and was of good character.

He served for just 237 days until 29 November when, giving his age as 18, he joined the regular army with the 94th Foot, The Connaught Rangers.

He was still a small, slight man now 5’ 4¾” tall with a 33” chest, grey eyes and light brown hair, but he was to spend the next 22½ years as a Private and Bandsman in that regiment serving the British Army, finally being discharged on 6 June 1899. His only active service was overseas in South Africa with the 2nd Battalion of the Rangers in the Zulu war, the Sekukuni Campaign and the Transvaal Campaign between 1879 and 1882, for which he received the South Africa medal and 1879 clasp.

He managed to come through these campaigns unwounded being particularly lucky to survive the ambush at Bronkhorst Spruit where the majority of his colleagues were either killed or wounded. The following is a story that he told many times to his grandson Ronald Waite concerning that action:- He was marching through the Transvaal in a column of British troops that stretched for some 1½ miles.

When they reached a place called Bronkhorst Spruit, about 40 miles east of Pretoria, they were halted by a Boer leader who demanded that they go no further.

That demand was rejected and so the Boers attacked from the hills surrounding them. (This action started the Transvaal war of 1880, a Boer rebellion which did result in self rule.) During the attack, which was going very badly for the British, a wounded officer, concerned about their situation, ordered David Scarlett to make safe the regimental colours.

He believed he was chosen because he was well known for his all-round athletic ability and was indeed the regimental sprint champion.

So, he wrapped the colours around his body and swam across the Oranje river, taking them away from the Boers to safety. When reading the historical account of the action of Bronkhorst Spruit his story of saving the colours is not borne out.

It was certainly not the Oranje river, yet who knows, he may well have been involved in saving the colours.

In the regimental account an annamed bandsman was mentioned as having given the colours to Conductor Egerton who wrapped them round his body and took them to Pretoria for safekeeping.

Ronald Waite was convinced that he was being truthful but just mistaken with the name of the river.

There were no recorded instances of ‘gallant conduct’ by him whilst in South Africa.

His appointment as a bandsman took effect from 20 December 1880, which was in fact the date of this action at Bronkhorst Spruit. He met Mabella Bonney, who was raised by an aunt in Fleetwood, Lancashire, whilst the regiment was stationed there from March 1877 to June 1878.

When he left for Aldershot she was expecting their first child, although neither of them probably realised it at the time.

He left England for South Africa just two weeks after his daughter Anne was born.

He was away for over three years returning in April 1882 to be stationed back in Ireland at the Curragh.

Their first son David was born in early October 1883.

According to his army records David and Mabella were married on 10 December 1883 and they went on to have 15 children of whom only seven survived to adulthood.

As a father he was a strict disciplinarian but being a lover of music he strongly encouraged his children to play a musical instrument.

He himself played the clarinet and he also suggested that he was the first ever to play the saxaphone in the British army, locking himself away for three months in order to master it. Anne became the headmistress of an army school.

David followed his father into the Connaught Rangers where he served for 25 years as QM Sergeant Bandmaster, mostly in India.

Alfred too went into the army and like his father was a good athlete and musician (oboist), but he died a bachelor aged 24.

Harry was also a military man serving in the 11th Hussars and Victor had a career in the Royal Navy as a gunnery instructor.

Margaret married a George Marsh and moved away and Elizabeth worked at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough until she had her sons Ronald and Terrence. David and Mabella settled in Northcote Road, Ash Vale near Aldershot, buying a pair of houses, one of which they lived in, the other being let to provide additional income.

He retired from the army in 1899 and we know he spent the last five years of his working life at the R.A.E.

Farnborough. He was born an Irish Protestant but he converted to Roman Catholicism not long before his death in 1944 at the age of 85.

Both he and Mabella are buried in the Catholic section of St Peter’s Church cemetery in Ash near Aldershot. Tony Waite From the Parish of Drumkeeran, County Fermanagh to Ontario, Canada On August 15 1839, Robert Scarlett of the townland of Procklis, Parish of Drumkeeran, County Fermanagh, married Jane Knox.

They had at least four known children born in Ireland, two sons and two daughters.

In 1852, following the birth of the youngest son Andrew born June 1851, Robert and Jane with their family emigrated to Ontario, Canada. The family first settled at Brampton, Ontario, but later moved to Normanby township where they settled to farming.

It is unknown when Robert Scarlett died; however, it was prior to the 1871 census which found Jane Scarlett living with Andrew Knox, age 40 and Barbara Knox, aged 70, probably her brother and mother.

Jane Knox Scarlett died on March 27, 1907 at age 87 and is buried in Mount Forest cemetery, Ontario. Robert and Jane Scarlett’s sons lived their lives in Ontario as farmers.

William, who was 8 years old when the family emigrated, was married three times.

His first wife is so far unknown.

He farmed at Reid’s Mill for 14 years before moving to the township of Egremont.

It was while residing there that on Feb. 2 1878 he married Isabella Burgess the daughter of James Burgess and Catherine Wallace.

Unfortunately Isabella’s untimely death from appendicitis on Jan 8, 1881 left William a widower for a second time. While still living at Egremont, William married for a third time on Nov 1 1883 at Arthur township to Magdaline Conn the daughter of Robert William and Maria Conn, a well known family at the time.

She was born in 1844 and died Oct 14 1926 at Egremont township. William Scarlett retired from farming in 1915 and died at Mount Forest on Oct 10 1919.

His obituary states he was survived by his widow and three children: Mrs J.D.

Jackson, Miss Bertha Scarlett and Robert Scarlett.

Little is known of the daughter, Mrs J.D.

Jackson and it is not known which of William’s first two wives was her natural mother.

What is known is that she apparently was raised by her step mother Magdaline Conn Scarlett. Bertha Louise Scarlett was born in 1884.

She remained unmarried and died on Nov.28 1928, after a short illness, at the General Hospital at Toronto at age 44.

Her brother, Robert William Scarlett, was born March 18, 1886 at Normanby township and served with the 153 Battalion in World War 1.

He was severely wounded in action and lost the sight of one eye which caused him to be one of the last of the Canadian men to return home following the end of the war.

He was unfortunate in suffering at least two serious farm accidents in the 1950s leaving him severely injured both times.

He died unmarried, at Hanover Memorial Hospital, Toronto on Feb. 23 1962 and is buried at Mount Forest cemetery. Robert and Jane Knox Scarlett’s youngest son Andrew survived the hardships of the journey to Canada as a young infant.

He was 9 years old when his family moved from Brampton, Ontario to Normanby township.

He was residing there when on Oct. 23 1890 he married Mary Ann Conn, a young sister of his brother’s wife Magdaline.

The newly married couple moved to Tobermory where they lived for several years.

They then returned to the old home in Normanby but eventually moved again to a concession at Arthur township where Andrew farmed for many years. — The second daughter, Mrs James Jackson, was identified in her brother William Scarlett’s obituary as one of his survivors.

No other information has been found except that she possibly resided at Orangeville. It is apparent the Scarlett name died out in this family as the only two sons born in the first generation in Canada died unmarried and without issue. Helen Graeser George C.

Dade, Aviation Historian George C.Dade of Glen Head, Long Island, New York, is a descendant of the Scarlett family of Arthur township, Wellington County, Ontario, Canada.

Mr Dade’s great grandparents, George Scarlett and Mary Gilmore, emigrated from Ireland in the first half of the 19th century. The Canadian records appear to show that when George and Mary Anne Scarlett arrived in Canada they had a young daughter, Ellen born 1843, and possibly a son John born circa 1840.

Between 1847 and 1854 four more children, George, James, William and Clara were born in Ontario. Some time after the 1861 census the Scarlett family took up 100 acres of land at Arthur township and farmed 45 of them.

However, as was happening among many of the immigrant families in Canada there was a migration of those families to the west of Canada and south into the United States.

It was in the United States that the Arthur Scarlett family grew and spread out. Nellie Elizabeth Scarlett, born 1886 in South Dakota, married Jessie E.Dade who was born 1879 in Iowa.

Jessie Dade jeweller, postmaster and Mayor of Blackduck, Minnesota moved his wife and two sons, George born 1912 and Robert born 1916, to New York which at that time had become the cradle of the growing age of aviation.

While young George was still at school he worked part time at one of the nearby Long Island air fields.

In 1929 he learned to fly at age 16 and was one of the youngest pilots in the United States. It was during that time that George Dade become friends with some of the famous pilots of the day including Charles Lindbergh and James Doolittle.

On the morning of May 29 1927 when Charles Lindbergh commenced his famous flight in his plane ‘Spirit of St.Louis’ George was there on the airfield.

He remained lifelong friends with Lindbergh. Before planes had the range to be flown overseas, George C.

Dade founded a company which crated new planes to be shipped to overseas buyers.

He was also involved in picking up damaged planes and transporting them back to Long Island’s Roosevelt Air Field for repair.

At the end of World War II George turned to a second career in the real estate business while still keeping close ties to the world of aviation. He helped in many ways to maintain Long Island’s link to its place in the history of aviation.

Along with his involvement in the development of an air museum on Long Island, he collected aviation memorabilia and old planes.

In 1974 George located the remains of Lindbergh’s first plane the ‘Jenny’ which had been used by Lindbergh for his well known barn storming shows of the 1920s.

After having the ‘Jenny’ transported back to his home on Long Island, George, along with members of his Fliers’ Club organised and took active part in the restoration of the plane which eventually was placed in the air museum. George C.Dade was the first director of ‘Nassau’s Cradle of Aviation Museum’ and co-authored two books about the early days of flying.

George C.Dade, now at age 85 and still retaining his interest and ties to the history of aviation, lives in Glen Head, Long Island near his son and daughter. Helen Graeser PIECES OF RESEARCH I would like to take advantage of the ‘Scarlett Letter’ to share the results of some of my research which I know will be of interest to the readers who recognise the names as connections to their own family lines. William Scarlett (born 1840s in Ireland), son of William Scarlett of Sixmilebridge, Co Clare, emigrated to New Zealand where he worked as a brewer.

With the help of R.J.

Scarlett of Christchurch, New Zealand we received the following information from ‘G R MacDonald Dictionary of Canterbury Biographies’, Canterbury Museum, New Zealand. Scarlett, William Houghton was the son of William Scarlett, farmer and Jane Houghton ……..

Scarlett was for 6 years brewer in Vincent Brewery.

C.F.

Todhunter was a partner in the brewery and when he came back from a trip to England where he had studied brewing he thought he knew all there was to know about it and was a great nuisance to everyone, particularly Scarlett.

Scarlett started on his own in a small way about 1882.

He bought the Standard Brewery about the end of 1887.

He and his brother-in-law, Archibald Henry Fisher went into partnership in a sheep run in Pelorus Sound.

It was a complete failure and Fisher was bankrupted by Scarlett trying to recover what he had lost. — NEWMAN SCARLETT OF TEWKSBURY, MASSACHUSETTS AND HIS DESCENDANTS Part III The Scarletts of Indiana After the French and Indian War in 1763 the region that is now the state of Indiana was part of the land parcel taken over by Great Britain.

British troops settled in during the Revolutionary War period but were defeated in 1779 at Vincennes by Virginia troops led by George Rogers Clark.

In 1787 Indiana became part of the Northwest Territory. General William Henry Harrison, later to become the ninth president of the United States, was appointed as the first territorial governor when congress created the Indiana Territory in 1800.

Harrison brought an end to Indian resistance with his victory over forces led by Tecumseh in the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811.

Rapid settlement soon followed and Indiana achieved statehood in 1816 becoming the nineteenth state of the Union. In 1836, after living in Ohio for twenty-two years, the Scarlett family made another major move.

This time they moved to Noble County, Indiana, a county that had been organised that very year.

Newman and his wife Tamar, their four sons and two daughters, all with their families, made this journey.

Once again they had land to clear and cabins to build in a section of country that ten years earlier was inhabited only by Indians and wild animals.

Land was still cheap at $1.25 an acre and perhaps they were eager to buy as much as possible for their growing families.

They certainly had a tremendous task ahead of them as, once again, my ancestors became “Original Landowners”, I have copies of original entries of U.S.

Government Land records showing that Barna bought 240 acres in May of 1836.

His brother Newman Jr.

And his brother-in-law Roland Stewart bought land in Noble County in 1836 and his half-brother Abner bought land in 1844.

Their names are mentioned in the book “History of Northeast Indiana”. Small villages named Wolf Lake and Noblesville (later named Merriam) were laid out by surveyors.

The Scarlett families settled in and around these villages.

The first brick was made by Newman in his kiln at Noblesville in 1838.

A small cemetery outside this village is the burial place for many early settlers including this Scarlett family.

Newman Sr.

Died in 1838 at the age of 69.

His widow Tamar later married John Skinner.

She lived to be 74 years of age. Sally, a baby girl who died when she was two, was born to Barna and Lois Scarlett before they sold their farm in 1846 and moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana (Washington Township) where Barna bought only 40 acres of land.

By this time his children were adults and some were married with children of their own.

Fort Wayne is located about 20 miles southeast of Noblesville.

Barna’s brothers remained in Noble County.

They all died at a relatively young age: Newman Jr. (50), Abner (46) and Ephraim (30). In 1851 the legislature created the State Free School fund.

Washington Township began the development of the new system at once.

The first Free School building was finished in 1853, and was located at Scarlett’s Corner.

The land for this school was decided by Barna Scarlett.

Henry, his son, was the first school teacher. The Wabash-Erie Canal, which became the longest man made waterway in the history of the world, was started at Fort Wayne in 1832 and finished in 1843.

It extended 400 miles from Toledo on Lake Erie to Evansville on the Ohio River.

The railroad system was introduced and Fort Wayne became the site of heavy industry related to rail development.

By the 1860s Fort Wayne was fast becoming a thriving town with many industries and Barna and his family were there to witness this growth. In the 1860s the Country was divided as the result of the Civil War (sometimes called the War of the Rebellion).

Two of Barna and Lois’s sons served in this terrible war.

In the year 1864 their eldest son Albert died in Alabama after serving for almost two years.

He was married and had four daughters.

Their third son William served for one year and returned home to his family. Lois died in 1878 and a year later Barna died at the age of seventy-seven.

Four of their children were still living. Brief accounts of their lives are as follows: Henry Oxtoby Scarlett – married, seven children, a school teacher, carpenter and farmer.

He lived to be 68 years old.

Phoebe Scarlett Strout Pierce – married twice, three children.

She died at the age of 53.

Squire Chester Scarlett – married with one daughter.

At one time he was a cabin boy on one of the canal boats.

He also worked as a clerk in a dry goods and grocery store; was a travelling salesman; a clerk in the railroad freight office; was involved in real estate and served eight years as Justice of the Peace.

He was almost 81 when he died. William Vincent Scarlett, the third son of Barna and my gr gr grandfather, married Elizabeth Frances Payton in 1850.

They had five children: Sally Bridget b 1852; Alta Lurena b 1856; Andrew Greeley b 1858 (he was my gr grandfather); Almon Lincoln b 1861; Lois Adelia b 1867.

William’s occupation was farming.

He had been a member of the Baptist Church for 43 years when he died in 1893 at the age of sixty-three. Andrew Greeley married Mary Agnes Kaiser in 1896.

They had one son and three daughters.

Their first born child, a daughter, was Flora Elizabeth Scarlett who was born in 1897.

She was married in 1918 to Frank Perry and their first born child was a daughter named Sylvia.

She was born in Oct. 1919 and is my mother. My Scarlett family were, for the most part, farmers who were educated and interested in and supportive of education.

They were active in civic affairs and politics and they fought in two wars that were important to the survival of the United States of America.

Their religious faith was Protestant.

We have travelled with and traced this family for almost 180 years.

We started with the birth of our nation and then travelled West as the country was being settled.

New methods of travel were introduced, new industries were emerging and sites that were once military posts were growing into major towns.

By the time my grandmother Flora was born, the Scarletts had made Indiana their home for sixty years and the Twentieth Century was just around the corner. Carol J.

Craig, 3508 Delray Dr., Fort Wayne, IN, 47815 U.S.A.

February 1998 A SUFFOLK SCARLETT FAMILY My Scarlett ancestors originate from the Ipswich area of Suffolk, in the east of England.

The furthest back I have been able to trace them so far is 1723 when Robert Scarlett ‘of Nacton’ married Ann Rivett in Ipswich.

Nacton is a village a few miles S.E.

Of Ipswich.

Robert does not appear to have been born in Nacton, but had a farm there, and on his death, in 1732, an inventory was taken on the farm, listing contents, livestock, etc., and their estimated value.

I don’t know whether he bought the farm, or perhaps inherited it through female relatives whose surname I don’t yet know, or was just a tenant, but I hope eventually to be able to pick up the thread and trace the family still further back.

It is possible that he came from Ipswich, then a thriving and populous town and seaport with 12 parishes or from one of the villages around Nacton. For the next 6 generations, the family alternated fairly fluidly between Nacton and their neighbouring villages of Trimley St Martin and Trimley St Mary.

Their occupations suggest a fairly rural existence: several of them were butchers.

Others like my great-great-great-grandfather John Scarlett, were craftsmen of some kind: in his case, a shoemaker. The transition from rural to urban came with his son, my great-great-grandfather James.

He variously appears as a shoemaker, a gardener, a labourer, and a gamekeeper.

Somewhere between 1872 and 1874, for reasons which totally mystify me, he moved from rural Suffolk to Sheffield, a large industrial city whose principal product was steel – not to work in industry, which might have provided a plausible motive for such a move, but to work again as a gamekeeper in 2 different places outside the city.

Later he did move into the city, and at the time of his death, was a ‘labourer and engineering worker on the railways’. Of his 10 children, my great- grandfather William Arthur (blacksmith→publican→shopkeeper) was the eldest.

He was apparently particularly close to the second brother, Harry, and remained in close contact with him all his life.

It seems they were united by a strong dislike of their stepmother Annie, who supposedly neglected and ill-treated them as children, and cut themselves off from the rest of the family as soon as possible, to the extent that my great-aunt Freda, William’s youngest daughter, and a first-hand source of much information, didn’t even know they existed – she was very surprised when I told her she had another 4 uncles and an aunt! I find this particularly surprising in view of the fact that 2 of them were full-blood relations, and the surviving one, Herbert, also lived in Sheffield. To return to Suffolk I feel they were people of their time, and the changes in their lives reflected the changes going on in the world at large or at least the part of it that affected them.

Agriculture became less and less viable as a way of life, and increasingly they moved away from it.

In the censuses, they turn up in increasing numbers in Ipswich, the one sizeable town in the area, and disappear from the villages.

By 1881 they are gone from both the Trimleys, and only one Scarlett is left in Nacton; and even he – an ‘agricultural labourer’ in earlier censuses – is now a ‘plumber’s labourer.’ — Albert E Scarlett, son, age 2½, born New York 1900 census, Westchester County, New York at 350 South 4th Avenue, Mount Vernon James Scarlett, Head, b June 1843, age 56m. 37 years.

Born Ireland father born Ireland: mother born Ireland emigrated 1864; in U.S. 36 years naturalised citizen Merchant Tailor; reads, writes, language English owns own house, free of mortgage Margaret Scarlett, wife, b.

Jan 1846, aged 54; m 37 years b Ireland father born Ireland; mother born Ireland Broker; completed school, reads, writes, language English From the New York City census index – 1920: Scarlett, George Head age 43 born New York Scarlett Nellie wife age 45 born New York Scarlett George W head age 66 born New Jersey Scarlett Laurie H.

Wife age 44 born New York Scarlett Herbert D son age 24 born New York Scarlett Chester H son age 20 born New York Scarlett Harold L son age 18 born New York Scarlett Alice M daughter age 16 born New York Scarlett George W head no further information; possibly enumerated with another family Scarlett James son age 13 born New York Scarlett Francis son age 8 born New York Scarlett William son age wks born New York — Macken townland, near the village of Bellanaleck on the other side of Upper Lough Erne, is the first site to be visited on Sunday afternoon June 20th.

Macken was the location of a famous faction fight between Green Ribbonmen and Orangemen on 13th July 1829.

Edward Scarlett, from the nearby townland of Gortdonaghy, died as a result of injuries received in the fight.

His ten year old son, also called Edward, had to emigrate to Canada as a result of death threats resulting from the evidence he gave at the murder trial.

From Macken the party will travel a few miles to another National Trust property at Florence Court.

The house, which was built in the mid 18th century, is the former home of the Earls of Enniskillen who were landlords of a number of Scarlett families.

The estate grounds are an attractive mixture of parkland, garden and woodland with beautiful views of surrounding mountains. On Monday we travel about thirty miles to the Ulster American Folk Park at Mountjoy a few miles north of Omagh.

This is a mainly open air museum containing exhibits showing how people lived in Ulster before emigration, the emigration experience and the life they lived in North America.

Among the many exhibits are some which focus on the life of two emigrants who became famous in North America.

They were Thomas Mellon who founded a major bank and Daniel Hughes who became the first Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York.

We will also visit the Centre for Emigration Studies which is situated beside the Folk Park.

The Centre, which contains a specialist and varied collection of printed materials and an Emigration Database, is an important resource for genealogists and others interested in Irish-American links. Now all we need is some good June weather. THE ATTRACTION, INTEREST, AND SURPRISES OF FAMILY HISTORY. (Editor – This article is taken, with her permission, from a letter written by Anita Scarlett of Lucerne, Switzerland to Helen Graeser). An interest in genealogy is one which others often seem to find rather inexplicable; they can’t understand what I find so fascinating about spending hours in archives and record offices, laboriously deciphering old documents, piecing together the past! But I think whoever described ancestral research as a combination of a detective story and a jigsaw puzzle was absolutely right.

There is such satisfaction when – sometimes after years of work – the pieces finally fall into place and complete part of the story. And there is also the sense of connexion with the past.

History was never my favourite subject at school – it was all about kings and battles and Acts of Parliament, and endless dates to memorize.

But since I began tracing my family, and taking an interest in the background and the events that would have affected their lives, it has really come to life for me.

I do agree with you that simply collecting names and dates is not enough – they need a context.

But where factual evidence is thin (or sometimes non-existent), it’s hard to resist letting imagination take a hand imagining what kind of people they were, what their lives were like, what events and concerns shaped their existence. I am currently working very intensively on my mother’s family.

I have made remarkably good progress in a relatively short time, since the registers at the time of the First French Republic (1794-1806 for Belgium: in French) in particular were mostly very well kept and informative, providing me with information not only on the parents of a person in question, but in some cases even on his/her grandparents; and thus taking me back to the early 1700s.

Later registers are also quite helpful, though I had to teach myself some Flemish to be able to understand them.

Before 1794, I am dependent on church registers, which are in Latin, with various degrees of completeness, legibility, and subsidiary detail. I have come across some poignant little stories in the course of this research.

One unfortunate relative, a soldier, was tried by a military tribunal and shot, during the Napoleonic Wars.

In my mother’s home village of Essen, some 250 years ago, a mystery epidemic (cholera? smallpox?) wiped out great numbers of the population in 1742, including two of my direct ancestors.

Then there was the obligatory mad relative, ‘qua in perpetua amentia vixit’ (‘who lived in perpetual madness’) until her death at the age of 15 (though who knows what they considered mad, then – probably many of the things like epilepsy, which now have a medical explanation.) I had a real breakthrough, though, when I made contact with a previously unknown distant cousin, whom my uncle met completely by chance at his place of work in Antwerp.

This man said his mother’s name was also De Bie (my uncle’s surname), and they joked ‘Perhaps we’re related!’ He had done some work on his family tree and gave my uncle a copy of the part relating to the De Bies.

The latter knowing of my interest, sent a copy to me.

As I worked on it, I discovered that we are indeed related! – he and I have the same great-great-grandparents.

Most spectacularly, however, he has sent me copies of some old family photographs, including one of great-grandparents’ golden wedding celebrations in 1914.

My mother was very surprised to learn that this same great grandmother was in fact illegitimate – that had remained a well-kept family secret until I made the discovery. Anita Scarlett {Helen Graeser from Long Island New York shares Anita Scarlett’s desire to know not just the names and dates of her ancestors but also to locate those ancestors in the events and economic and social background which affected their lives.

Her article on Drummully tells the story of the evolution of the parish in which her Drumboghena family lived – Editor} A BRIEF HISTORICAL OUTLINE OF DRUMMULLY PARISH CHURCH The present church building of the Parish of Drummully actually stands in the County of Monaghan; however, in the early 1400s the site of the parish church was at the townland of Drummully, County Fermanagh.

There is little known history from that time period until the church is marked on the Baronial Maps of 1609-1610 as if it was at that time still intact.

Over the next years it appears that the situation changed as in 1622 an Ecclesiastical Report stated that the church was in ruins. In 1629 another church was built with a churchyard laid out in Newtownbutler within the parish boundaries.

It remained the church and site of the Drummully parish until 1823.

In 1773 the parish of Drumkrin had been carved out of the existing parish and remained a separate parish until 1804 when it was dissolved.

In the 1804 Diocesan reorganisation of parish boundaries Drummully returned to its ancient site leaving the church at Newtownbutler as the parish church of Galloon. Drumully gained that part of Drumkrin which contained the parish church of St Mary’s.

It is described in the Ordnance Survey of Drummully parish dated 1835; ‘The Church at Drumcrin (Drumkrin) townland is very small inconveniently situated with regard to the parish being very near its western extremity which is also the narrow end of the parish, it is placed on the side of a small hill and frequently in winter the road leading to it is flooded at both sides of the hill, so that Divine Service is often performed at the School-houses in Annaghmore and Rabbit Island townlands; the church itself was built about 50 years ago and has a small square tower, is very damp and in most wretched repair, it can accommodate about 200 persons.’ For a period of time until 1844 the church at Drumcrin continued as the parish church.

In 1844 the present church building of St Mary’s, Parish of Drummully was constructed just over the Fermanagh border in County Monaghan.

The church continued as an independent parish until 1929 when its was linked with St Comgall’s Parish of Galloon in Newtownbutler. In 1994 St Mary’s Parish Church Drummully was re-dedicated after completion of extensive renovation to the interior of the church.

Over the summer of that year the parishioners celebrated 150 years of worship in the church building.

In the autumn the parish was honoured by a visit of Archbishop Robin Eames, Primate of all Ireland, who preached a special service for the Festival of Harvest Thanksgiving. Helen Graeser {Editor – According to Dr P.J.

Duffy, in ‘Landscapes of South Ulster’, the mediæval parish was called Galloon and included a large area of County Monaghan.

The parish had two mediæval churches one of which was situated at Drummully townland.

The modern parishes of Galloon and Drummully along with three other parishes in Co.

Monaghan were carved out of the ancient parish of Galloon during parochial reorganisation by the Church of Ireland in the 18th century} LIFE IN CAVAN AND FERMANAGH FROM THE ULSTER PLANTATION My interest in genealogy and local history are complementary, each providing the other with a framework of understanding.

From correspondence I know many Scarletts descended from Cavan and Fermanagh ancestors share my interest in the background to their lives.

This article uses material from comparatively recent publications to provide a taste of the information they contain about social and economic conditions of earlier times in those counties.

Perhaps you might consider asking your local library to purchase the books and to this end I include full details of each in the article.

Special permission was obtained from the publishers of the O.S.

Memoirs to quote at length from them in this Letter. From ORDNANCE SURVEY MEMOIRS of IRELAND, PARISHES of CO.

FERMANAGH 1 1834-35 Vol 4 Edited by Angelique Day and Patrick McWilliams Published by the Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen’s University of Belfast, 1990 — parish of Derrybrusk p31 Emigration Emigration prevails to a considerable extent (but not so much the last year as usual), generally in the spring season.

They go to Belfast where they embark for North America (both Canada and the United States).

They are principally cottiers, very few who owned land have gone lately.

A few young men (weavers) have gone to England when there has been no work for them at home, and returned almost as soon as they had earned the price of a suit of clothes. parish of Drummully p37 Dispensaries, Schools and Poor There is no dispensary in this part of the parish, but Lord Enniskillen is a large subscriber at those at Swanlinbar and Holywell.

The many schools which have been established during the last 12 years have led to decided improvement in the moral habits of the young who have taken advantage of them.

They are anxious for information and attend the school regularly.

There is no provision for the poor. Parish of Kinawley p109 Manufacturing or Commercial — Helen L Graeser {Editor – The Scarlett Letter Vol2 No8 Nov 1998 and No9 May 1999 included articles about Captain William Watson Scarlett.

This article relates the story of the army service of his schoolmaster father Thomas Haughton Scarlett.

Captain Scarlett’s grandfather William, born c 1809, was one of the large family of Robert Scarlett of Roy/Gortaclogher in the Parish of Templeport in Co.

Cavan} THOMAS HAUGHTON SCARLETT Thomas Haughton Scarlett was born at Sixmilebridge, Parish of Kilfinighta, County Clare around the month of February in the year 1840.

He was the son of William Scarlett, pensioner of the Royal Irish Constabulary and Postmaster at Sixmilebridge and his wife Jane Haughton. In 1862, at the age of 22 years and 5 months, Thomas H Scarlett applied at the Westminster Police Court, London to serve in the British Army.

On his enlistment application he entered his occupation as school-master.

His entrance medical examination showed him to have been 5 foot 11 inches, with fresh complexion, blue eyes and brown hair. Thomas was required to sign the ‘Declaration To be Made by Recruit on Attestation’ which read as follows: ‘I Thomas H.

Scarlett of the Parish of Kilfinighta in or near the Town of Sixmilebridge in the County of Clare do solemnly and sincerely declare, That I am to the best of my Knowledge and Belief 225/12 years of Age; that I am the Trade or Calling of Schoolmaster; that I am not an Apprentice; that I am not married; that I do not belong to never served Her Majesty by Land or Sea in any Military or Naval Emplyment whatsoever; that I have never been marked with the letter D; that I have never been rejected as unfit for Her Majesty’s Service on any previous Enlistment; that I was enlisted at Westminster on the 2nd Day of July 1862 at 11 o’clock a.m.

By Seg.

Major W.

Hayes of London County Staff and that I have read the Notice then given to me and understand its Meaning; that I enlisted for a Bounty of one pound and a Free Kit, and have no Objection to make to the manner of my Enlistment; that I am willing to be attested to serve in the Army for the Term of ten years provided Her Majesty should so long require my Services, and also for such further term, not exceeding Two Years, as shall be directed by the Commanding Officer on any Foreign Station. ‘Signature of Recruit, Thomas H.

Scarlett.

Signature of Witness Arthur Fulcher Seg 35th. On the following day, 3rd of July, 1862 Thomas was administered the ‘Oath To Be Taken by Recruit on Attestation’ which was as follows: “I Thomas H.

Scarlett do make Oath, that I will be faithful and bear true Allegiance to Her Majesty, Her Heirs, and Successors, and that I will, as in duty bound, honestly and faithfully defend Her Majesty in Person, Crown, and Dignity, against all enemies, and will observe and obey all orders of Her Majesty, Her Heirs, And Successors, and of the Generals and Officers set over me.

So Help me God.” The above Declaration and Oath were administered at Westminster Police Court at 12 o’clock noon. During the 19th century, Britain was expanding and consolidating her Empire around the world.

Army Regiments were posted to Britain’s many colonies and frontiers in large numbers in order to protect and stabilise them.

Because of the long term enlistments of the officers and men who were sent abroad wives and families often followed them to their posts.

Life on the army posts for those families continued in their British manner and tradition which at many posts included schools for the army children. From the fragmented army records found for Thomas H.

Scarlett it was revealed he was assigned the rank of 3rd Class Schoolmaster.

It was difficult sorting through the records in an attempt to place Thomas’ service years into chronological order; however, he appeared to have spent his first 4 years of service in Ireland.

He was attached to the Garrison at Dublin and at the Curragh Barracks in County Kildare.

On the 30th September, 1866 he was transferred to Malta where he arrived on the 13th October and attached to the 52nd Oxford Regiment of Light Infantry. In 1867 Thomas apparently had earned a leave as he returned to Ireland where on 20th August at Tulla, County Clare he married Sarah H.

Watson, daughter of William Watson, Clerk of Petty Sessions.

Thomas, along with his bride, returned to Malta.

It was there that their three children, Mary Emma, Anna Jane and [the future Captain] William Watson Scarlett were born. Thomas Scarlett’s 10 years of service ended on 5th August, 1872.

On the 6th August at Gibraltar he re-enlisted in the Army to complete 21 years of service as Army Schoolmaster.

Thomas and his family continued service at Gibraltar for the next two years.

Returning to the British Isles in 1874 Thomas spent the next 9 years in various posts, among them Portsmouth, Plymouth, Longford and Dublin.

His many years as Army Schoolmaster appear to have been uneventful. Physical education records show him to have been in good health.

Under general remarks it read, “Habits – very steady; Conduct – very good; Temperance – very good”, During his long army years his records also show he had no admissions to the Station, Garrison, Barracks or General Hospitals.

The only medical comment on the records was the information that he had a mark of a successful small-pox vaccination done in childhood.

He was re-vaccinated on 11th May 1871. While Thomas Scarlett’s life as Army Schoolmaster did appear without any noticeable events he did have several regiment transfers.

He began his army career in 1862 with the 19th Depot Battalion.

By 1863 he was with the 1st Battalion 24th Regiment.

The years at Malta were spent with the 52nd Light Infantry.

Following his return to the British Isles he served with the 1st Royal Dragoons until 1882 when he transferred to the Cavalry Depot. At Canterbury, on 21st November 1883, after 21 years and 162 days as Army Schoolmaster and at his own request Thomas applied to be “free with pension”.

On discharge his character was stated as “very good”.

Following discharge, Thomas, then in his mid 40s, returned with his wife to Dublin.

There is no record at this time to determine how he spent the following ten years until his death at Dublin South in 1893 at the still young age of 53.

Thomas’ wife Sarah Haughton Scarlett lived on in Dublin until 1910 where she died at the age of 77 years. Helen L Graeser [Editor – Martin Davis of 28 Moorend Park Road, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL53 OJY, England is seeking help in tracing the birthplace of or any other information about his wife’s grandfather John Edwin Scarlett born circa 1860.

He sent the following information for inclusion in this Letter.

If you are able to help please contact him by letter at the above address or by email at HYPERLINK mailto:mmd@temper.demon.co.uk mmd@temper.demon.co.uk] JOHN EDWIN SCARLETT John Edwin Scarlett was my wife’s grandfather.

He was a mining engineer, who worked in Burma and North America: he died in Beaconsfield, England in 1938 aged 78.

No record of his birth or marriage in England seems to exist; he married an English girl, Annie Byner (who was born in Sedlescombe in England in 1874). They had two children, Evelyn Helen Mary born 24th December 1905 and John James Yorke born 12th April 1907, both born in Bodie California.

My wife’s father Yorke was christened in Kamloops, British Columbia on 9th September 1909, and was sent to England to be educated – at Cheltenham College.

He went to Art School; and then was in the Signals in World War II, and subsequently made his career as a sound engineer, and was befriended by Edgar Wallace who gave him his fur overcoat and writing desk. Any information about John Edwin Scarlett’s antecedents would be greatly appreciated. [Editor – I am very pleased to include this article by a new contributor Cliff McCarthy from Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Cliff is a descendant of the family of Scarletts who lived in the townland of Lislaris in Co.Fermanagh, N.Ireland.

Bessie Anne Scarlett was born in the townland of Loughkillygreen; her father, Robert was born in 1841 in Clonelty and her grandfather, John was a farmer in Lislaris.

All three townlands share common boundaries.] COOKE Alfred Lionel and Bessie Anne (née Scarlett) Alfred Lionel Cooke was born to a farming family in Winchelsea, Sussex, England on June 21, 1872.

He had five brothers and four sisters, but two of his sisters died young.

He came to America alone and with little money.

His son, Alfred Phineas Cooke, told the story this way: “My father came from England as a very young man.

He was disgusted with England was going to Australia.

He got on the boat and he met a couple of guys, one particular man, anyhow, and they fraternised …

They went up….

I forget the name of the town…

It’s just above New York ..

And he liked it there.

They treated him very nice and he never went any further.

He never went to Australia..

I don’t know why, but Dad was very upset with England.” The 1920 U.S.

Census indicated that the year of his immigration was 1890.

When Alfred Lionel Cooke petitioned the court to become a naturalised citizen in May of 1910, his petition filed in Richmond County, NY states that he emigrated from England on February 28, 1891 and arrived at the port of New York aboard the vessel Wyoming.

In fact, the name “A.L.

Cook” is listed among the passengers who arrived New York on March 12, 1891 aboard the Wisconsin, the Wyoming’s sister ship.

Eighteen years old, he travelled in cabin class and his occupation was listed as “clerk”.

There is no record of him being aboard the Wyoming. According to the census records, he became a naturalised citizen in 1913. Bessie Anne Scarlett was from near Clones, in Northern Ireland.

She was born on June 25, 1871 to Robert Scarlett who was born in Ireland and Bessie (Foster) Scarlett, who may have been born in England.

Her baptism was recorded that year in the Parish of Galloon, near Newtownbutler, in County Fermanagh.

They lived in the — Alfred passed away in 1938 and Bessie Anne died of pneumonia on June 26, 1940.

Both are buried in Moravian Cemetery in Greats Kills, NY. Cliff McCarthy JOHN SCARLETT DAVIS, ARTIST, 1804-1845 Florence Court was one of the historical sites visited by those attending the Scarlett Family Gathering in June 1999.

The beautiful house and gardens at Florence Court, former home of the Earls of Enniskillen and a National Trust Property, are major attractions for visitors from Ireland and overseas.

There was however an added attraction for Scarletts as a number of families bearing that name were tenants of successive Earls in the nearby townlands of Drumacabranagher, Lisdivrick and Wheathill. During our tour of the mid 18th century house we paused in the library.

As our guide told us more about the house and generations of the Enniskillen family my attention wandered a little and I looked along the rows of books and then at a portrait of the 2nd Earl dated 18th Oct 1829.

To my surprise and delight I discovered that the name of the artist was John Scarlet Davis [hereafter JSD]. Shortly after the Gathering I found some information about him in two dictionaries of art.

The entry in a dictionary published in Paris in 1976 gave sparse and only partially accurate biographical details.

It contained a very short account of his career and included the statement that ‘unfortunately he fell into habits of dissipation and died at an early age.’ The other dictionary, published in England and the USA in 1996, gave accurate personal details and a summary of his artistic life.

It also contained a paper entitled ‘The Life and Works of John Scarlett Davis 1804-1845’.

With help from the Fine Art Section of the Belfast Public Library I was able to obtain a photocopy of that paper and it is the main source of information for the rest of this article. The author of the paper was G.W.

Williams, a great great nephew of the artist.

It was written to mark the 125th anniversary of the artist’s death and expressly also to refute the ‘false and cruel account of the character and habits’ of JSD first printed in 1874 in a ‘Dictionary of Artists of the English School’ by Samuel Redgrave.

According to Redgrave he became ‘drunken and of demoralised habits, got into prison and died before the age of thirty’.

Obviously this was the source used by the French art dictionary. JSD was the second son [born 1st Sept 1804] of James Davis, Watchmaker and Silversmith, of Leominster, Herefordshire and his wife Ann Scarlett who were married in the Priory Church in that town on 2nd January 1800.

The Davis family had lived there for over 200 years after moving from Wales.

Ann Scarlett is stated to have been a distant relative of Sir James Scarlett [1769-1844] at that time the Attorney General and later Lord Abinger. The young JSD showed an early interest and promise in drawing and at 12 years old was awarded a prize from the Society for the Encouragement of Arts for an engraving of an anatomical specimen owned by the family doctor.

He was still at school in Leominster when, in 1818, he won another prize for his engraved copy of an oil painting of the coronation of Henry VI.

In the same year his father arranged for him to go to an Art Academy in London and two years later JSD was admitted as a student of the Royal Academy School where he won a further prize for a pencil drawing of William Blake. After the end of his studies at the Royal Academy he spent the summer of 1822 at home and on a tour of Wales where he completed 28 sepia sketches.

He returned to London where he continued with portrait work for which he gained a considerable reputation.

He was also commissioned to draw copies of the paintings in the Royal Palaces.

From 1825 he spent over three years working in Yorkshire and exhibited his work at the Northern Society, Leeds.

During this time he completed 12 lithographs of Bolton Abbey and the surrounding countryside which gained an impressive subscription list among titled art collectors. His father’s sudden death in August, 1828 coincided with an unexplained change in how JSD signed his work.

Prior to that date on all his work he signed his middle name ‘Scarlet’ while afterwards he added the second ‘t’ on both his work and the many letters to his family.

One undated work was signed ‘Scarlette’.

On very rare occasions Davis is spelt Davies.

When he returned to London he could have pursued a very successful career in portrait painting but he preferred to paint interiors and got commissions for work in the galleries of the British Institution, Greenwich Hospital and The Louvre in Paris. From 1830 until his death in 1845 he worked exclusively for patrons of whom the most generous and consistent was a wealthy merchant named John Hinxman.

JSD spent most of the years between 1830 and 1842 travelling widely on the Continent of Europe where he specialised in painting delicately detailed interiors of churches and picture galleries in both oils and watercolours.

He also painted marine, landscape and artchitectural scenes and completed a well known series of etchings of Florence [including an interior of the Uffici] and other part of Italy. He married Elizabeth Jane Abbott in London in July 1832 on one of his visits to England to where he returned periodically for the births of his children, on family business and to carry out commissions.

His wife joined him on the continent for lengthy periods on many occasions and as the children grew older the family did spend some time together in various locations.

His letters often told his family in Leominster of his precarious financial position and occasional poverty.

When he returned to England in the summer of 1842 he expressed in a letter to his mother, his joy at being permanently reunited with his family.

He finished his continental paintings and worked on various commissions but sadly his health deteriorated and after a final visit to his home in Leominster in the spring he died of diseased lungs in London on 29th Sept 1845. The work of JSD is not well known principally because the vast majority of his paintings were commissioned by private patrons and thus only 26 of his paintings were sent to the major annual exhibitions in London.

Yet Martin Hadie, an expert on watercolour painting of that period, says that he could be ‘brilliant. ..[and]…

Rembrandtesque in his draughtsmanship’ and that he shone ‘like a streak of gold’ among topographers.

The Hinxman Collection of his paintings was dispersed by the Christie sales of 1846 onwards, According to the 1970 paper, despite strenuous efforts over seven years, a considerable proportion of his work had not been traced up to that point but there were important collections in art galleries at Cardiff [National Museum], Oxford [Ashmolean], Hereford, Manchester University [Whitworth] and Birmingham [Museum].

A small number of paintings were in private collections and some were to be found in various continental galleries. Duncan Scarlett SCARLETT NEWSLETTER Australian Supplement November 1999 Vol. 2.

No. 10 Beverley Morling Please note that due to the increase of subscriptions, the newsletters are now $5 yearly.

This means that most of the current subscribers are fully paid up until the end of 2001.

If you have a red cross on the top right hand corner of your newsletter, it means your subs.

Are now due.

Please post $10 to me at R.M.B. 2076, Cowes, Vic. 3922. We have a new subscriber, Linda Perry from Laurieton, N.S.W.

Linda was born in Washington, USA.

Her maternal grandparents were George and Georgia (née Phillips) Scarlett.

They married in Minnesota in 1898.

George was born in Ireland and arrived in USA when he was two.

She had made contact with Helen Graeser who told her about our newsletter. The Enniskillen reunion is covered elsewhere by Helen, but I would like to add my thanks to Duncan also for his faultless organisation of the event.

We saw several new faces there and hope to keep up these contacts and see them in Australia. — for drink for the ringers 12d and in 1572 To Scarlett, being a poor old man, and rising oft in the night to toll the bell for sick persons, the weather being grievous, and in consideration of his good service, towards a gown to keep him warm: 8s 0d Clearly, then, Robert Scarlett was a person of importance and some reputation in his own lifetime.

He earned distinction and respect and he continues to be remembered.

For many years a column in a local newspaper was dedicated to his name and there was also a public house named after him. The early twentieth century poet Alfred Noyes used Old Scarlett’s nephew, Timothy, to tell the story of the funeral of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Old Scarlett had his place in the 1955 Cathedral Pageant and in the 1968 Son et Lumière presentation.

He featured in a 1977 play about the history of St John’s Parish and five years later a performance of a cantata entitled ‘Old Scarlett’ was given during the Cathedral Organ Festival.

On 2nd July 1944 to comemorate the 400th anniversary of his death special prayers were said at Evensong in the Cathedral and George Dixon laid a vase of fresh flowers on his tombstone. In the booklet the author asks if it is possible that the idea for Shakespeare’s famous lines in Hamlet “Alas poor Yorick, I knew him, Horatio, a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy” came from the Peterborough sexton. A local historian has suggested that the Elizabethan dramatist, John Fletcher, must have known Robert.

Fletcher, b1576, was the son of the Dean of Peterborough and was educatd at the Cathedral Grammar school and therefore spent his early years within the Cathedral precincts.

John must have known the old Sexton and may have talked to Scarlett as he re-interred bodies from the overfull graves in the nearby parish churchyard.

Could he have heard Scarlett mutter something like ‘Alas poor Yorick’ as he handled the skull of a poor fool he had known well? John, who may have been the author of the epitaph on the Cathedral wall, later went to Cambridge University.

From there he went to London where he became associated with Ben Jonson and William Shakespeare.

Could he, before dying of the plague in 1625, have told the immortal Bard the story of poor Yorick as they talked at the Mermaid Tavern? [A final question from the editor – Is it stretching credulity too far to suggest that the Bard may have been especially interested in the story because he had a Scarlett grandmother?] Lionel Scarlett ‘Bill’ and Evelyn Cooke Lionel and Evelyn Cooke were more than just my grandparents; they were like a second set of parents for me.

Because they lived in the same town as we did, my childhood memories are a scrapbook with their presence on every page.

In this short piece, I cannot hope to convey the importance ‘Gram’ and ‘Pop’ played in my life, but I will try to condense what I know of their lives, as well as I can. Lionel Scarlett Cooke, who was also called ‘Bill’, was born at Rossville, on Staten Island, NY to Alfred L.

And Bessie Ann Cooke on November 6, 1901.

He was the second oldest in a large, rambunctious family of six boys and a girl.

Evelyn Bernadette Beers was born on December 9, 1903 in Rocky Hill, NJ to William Henry ‘Harry’ and Bernadette Beers.

The family moved during her childhood to South Amboy, NJ and then, to Staten Island, NY.

Lionel and Evelyn were married on November 7, 1922.

They had two daughters, Evelyn Claire, born in 1929 and Shirley Ann, born December 3, 1934. Lionel and his brother Alfred were licensed electricians.

Alfred made a shrewd decision and became a partner in a small electric company called Lorsen Electric.

It eventually yielded him a small fortune.

Lionel worked as an electrician for most of his life, preferring not to work for his brother’s company, but doing so occasionally, as circumstances dictated. ‘Bill’ and Evelyn purchased a stucco house on Burbank Avenue in New Dorp, Staten Island, New York.

But during the Depression, they rented this house to make the mortgage payments, and lived in the large, Cooke family farmhouse in Annadale which burned many years ago.

As a member of the elctrical workers’ union, Bill was able to work some, and apparently, they managed to ‘sock’ some money away.

As the country recovered from the Depression and entered World War II, Bill and Evelyn purchased another house on Burbank Avenue, next door to the stucco they owned.

They lived in the stucco house while they renovated number 183 Burbank Avenue.

Their daughter Shirley remembers, as a little girl, watching her parents working on the house next door through her window at night.

After it was renovated, Bill, Evelyn, and their children moved into 183 Burbank and rented the stucco house.

Years later, Lionel’s brother Roy purchased the stucco house and moved into it with his family. During World War II Lionel was enrolled in the Coast Guard Reserve Force.

He was honorably disenrolled on January 12, 1945.

In 1946 the family decided a change of scenery was needed.

Lionel’s brother Andrew lost his wife and one child in a tragic automobile accident which left him inconsolable.

Brothers Alfred, Andrew, and Lionel became partners in an inn and fishing station called ‘Anchor Inn’ at Mattituck on Long Island, NY.

Daughter Shirley tells of the long trip to Mattituck with her mother, her sister, a canary, and their dog Scrappy in their 1934 Plymouth.

The seemingly endless ride out Sunrise Highway was complicated by a flat tyre.

The car, of course, was loaded down with household objects which had to be moved in order to reach the spare tyre. Once there, they set up operation: Andrew became the bartender, Lionel did the outside work, and Evelyn was the cook.

Alfred was a ‘not-so-silent, silent partner’.

Uncle Andrew first lived in an apartment above Anchor Inn, and then, after marrying again, he and his second wife moved into a house across the street.

Shirley remembers these years with great fondness.

She and her parents lived on Springvale Road in Mattituck.

Her sister Evelyn was away at college in Milwaukee, but they had Scrappy, the legendary mongrel that has figured in so many family stories. But there was dissension among the partners of Anchor Inn.

Having learned the business at Anchor Inn, Bill and Evelyn wanted to try their hand with their own place.

They envisioned a resort-type inn.

Around 1950, they purchased a large house on 26 acres of undeveloped land in Hampton Bays on the south shore of Long Island.

The large place had three storeys with a winding staircase, four fireplaces, a screened porch, a four-car garage with a separate apartment, a boathouse, and a wooded path leading down to its own beach.

They called the place Shirlyn Acres.

Again Lionel did the outside work, Evelyn cooked, Shirley waited tables when she wasn’t in high school, and they had an African-American maid named Mabel. Unfortunately, they never quite saw the success they dreamed of.

Although the Hamptons were a popular resort area they couldn’t stick with the business long enough to make it work.

After two seasons, Shirley went to college and Lionel and Evelyn sold out to a land development company which promptly sub-divided the property.

Today, about two-dozen high-priced houses have been built on the land that was Shirlyn Acres. They moved to Manhattan for a short time, where ‘Bill’ went to work for Lorsen Electric and Evelyn worked as telephone operator.

Soon, in about 1953, they were able to purchase a house in the suburban Long Island neighbourhood of Massapequa – 602 Forest Avenue.

By this time, daughter Evelyn was married to Alroy Schultz and they lived for a time in Baltimore, Maryland.

In 1954, Shirley wed Walter H McCarthy and she soon joined him in Hawai, where he was stationed with the U.S.

Army.

But eventually, both children returned to Long Island and remained close to their parents.

The McCarthys lived in Belrose for a couple of years before settling in Massapequa.

The Schultzes moved to Seaford and Al Schultz went to work for Lorsen Electric. Sadness struck in 1961, however.

Daughter Evelyn Schultz developed breast cancer which quickly spread throughout her body.

She succumbed on December 16 of that year, leaving a husband and three children.

Shortly thereafter, the Schultz family moved away to Wisconsin. I spent innumerable weekends at Gram and Pop Cook’s house in Massapequa, a place that holds some of my most treasured memories – memories of French toast and bacon breakfasts, swimming in their pool, playing Canasta on the breezeway with the adults and watching ‘Have Gun, Will Travel’ on T.V. In about 1958, after many years in Massapequa, Gram and Pop moved to an apartment on Lakeland Avenue in Oakdale, New York.

They longed for warmer climes, however, and after a few years in Oakdale, they purchased a small house in Lecanto, Florida and tried the life of retirees.

Their time in Florida, in the village of Beverly Hills, was memorable for me for violent thunderstorms, swimming at the river, and their pet skunk. As they approached the sunset of their lives, however, they felt the strong pull of their family in New York.

They returned to Long Island in the late 1970s, living in apartments in Sayville, Lindenhurst, Massapequa (across the street from the McCarthys) and eventually, in a retirement village in Riverhead, NY.

It was there that Evelyn passed away from a heart attack on August 6, 1983. With Gram gone, Pop lived for a while with his daughter in Massapequa, but the many stairs in the house on Biltmore Boulevard became an increasing problem for his tired legs.

With Shirley’s help, Pop was able to move into nearby Broadlawn Nursing Home in Amityville, NY.

Shirley was familiar with Broadlawn, she being a frequent visitor there with the children from her Nursery School.

Sometimes, she brought her Siberian Husky, named Misty, to delight nursing home residents.

Eventually, these visits would encourage Shirley and Misty to form an organisation called Love Unlimited which recruited and trained animals and their owners to make nursing home visits.

Pop and Misty became famous nationally during the Great American Dog Contest, a promotional event run by the Purina pet food company.

They finished in second place among five finalists. Sadly, Pop’s health began to slip away.

He died on August 12, 1988 at Broadlawn.

For me, Gram and Pop were models of good and caring people.

They taught me that those qualities have nothing to do with educational achievement or economic attainment.

Their quiet ways represented a wonderful contrast to the noisy, competitive environment that was Long Island. Clifford A.

McCarthy The Story of Immigration and Ellis Island Many Americans believe that their immigrant ancestors entered the United States through Ellis Island.

However, as the history of immigrantion and Ellis Island shows few of those earlier immigrants ever set foot on Ellis Island.

There were no formal immigration procedures to enter this country until 1880s when the first restrictions upon immigration were enacted into law.

Until then, an immigrant simply boarded a ship headed for the United States where it docked by a city pier. The island which for a few years was an immigration center underwent several name changes since the 1600s when it was known as Gull Island.

The early Dutch called it Oyster Island.

It later became known as Dyer’s Island and then later Bucking Island.

In 1765 it was known as Gibbet Island, after a pirate who was hanged there in that year.

Samuel Ellis, a New York City merchant, bought the island about 1780 and it has been known as Ellis Island ever since.

The island is situated in the Upper Bay of New York harbour about one mile south west of Battery Park in New York City.

Ellis Island passed to New York State in 1808 and was then sold to the Federal government for $10,000. While Ellis island served at the time as a government arsenal a fort called “West Battery” was built about 100 feet off shore.

This was in preparation for a British invasion during the War of 1812, an invasion which never came.

By the 1850s, landfill had joined the West Battery to Manhattan, and it was ceded to New York City.

It was used as an entertainment center until 1855, when New York State made it an immigration depot. Passenger ships pulled alongside ‘Castle Garden’ as it was called.

When the immigrants disembarked their names were recorded and they exchanged their native currency for United States currency.

From there they went off to their final destinations around the city and across the country.

From 1855 until 1890, about 8·5 million immigrants were processed at Castle Garden.

While the United States government always had the right to control immigration they had allowed New York State to do so.

In 1890 the Federal government reinstated their right to the control of immigration. Until the Federal Government built its facility on Ellis Island a building called the ‘Barge Office’ near Castle Garden was used to process immigrants.

When this arrangement was no longer able to accommodate the flow of immigration their reception was transferred to Ellis Island which opened for business on January 1, 1892.

The largest mass immigration in history occurred at Ellis Island for the years it was in operation.

Annie Moore, an Irish immigrant, was the first person processed at Ellis Island.

Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland, dedicated a statue of her there.

In 1897 the facilities at Ellis Island burned down and immigrants were again processed through the Barge Office until December 1900. In 1924, the United States government clamped down on immigration through Ellis Island.

Beginning in 1924 immigrants were required to obtain visas in the country of their birth.

When they arrived in New York their documents were checked.

If everything was in order the immigrants went on their way.

Only those people who had problems and became detainees were ferried over to Ellis Island. The processing of immigrants at Ellis Island took place on the second floor of the main building.

There were many inspectors who spoke foreign languages available and who entered the immigrants’ information in the manifests.

Among them was Florello Laguardia who spoke several languages and later became Mayor of New York City.

Names weren’t mispronounced and immigrants weren’t told to change their names because they sounded funny which is a story which grew over the years.

The immigrants themselves may have changed their names, but it was not done during their interviews at Ellis Island. During the time of the restoration of Ellis Island I asked my mother if she had any memories of her arrival there in 1922.

My mother had emigrated alone and unmarried in her maiden name, Emily Jane Scarlett.

She felt her arrival in the United States was very uneventful as she said she walked through a door into a very large room.

She walked across the room to a door on the other side where she was met by her youngest sister, Ellen Dorcas Scarlett, who had emigrated earlier.

From Ellis Island she went to the home of a maternal cousin in Brooklyn, New York which was her first home in the United States. — The most recent Scarlett Letter, vol2/no11 of May 2000, contained an article on Old Scarlett of Peterborough.

It was copied, with permission, almost totally from a booklet by George Dixon, a local historian from Peterborough.

Towards the end of the article I made the suggestion that having a Scarlett grandmother may have made Shakespeare listen more carefully to a story about Old Scarlett, the gravedigger, which he incorporated in ‘Hamlet’, The story might bave been told to Shakespeare by another Elizabeth dramatist, John Fletcher, who was born and brought up at the deanery in the grounds of Peterborough Cathedral.

It is possible John may have talked with Old Scarlett as he reinterred bodies in the churchyard.

Barbara Scarlett Allen, from Ohio, recently sent a copy of a family tree from ‘A Short Life of Shakespeare’ (Oxford 1933) which shows that the famous dramatist’s link with a Scarlett was somewhat more distant.

According to this family tree Shakespeare had a maternal aunt Elizabeth Arden who married a Scarlet. All I can plead is that I used a comment made at the Jackson Reunion as my source for his Scarlett grandmother.

In keeping with the speculative nature of my suggestion about ‘poor Yorick’ perhaps Elizabeth Scarlet née Arden was a favourite aunt and this made Shakespeare listen more carefully to the story about the skulls in the Peterborough churchyard. Duncan Scarlett NATHANIEL SCARLETT (1753-1802) Scarlett, Nataniel (1753-1802), biblical translator, born 28 September 1753 was educated at the Wesleyan school, Kingswood, Gloucestershire, and at Merchant Taylors’ School, which he entered in 1767.

He became a shipwright, afterwards an accountant, when he projected the ‘Commercial Almanac’, eventually a bookseller in the Strand and publisher of ‘The British Theatre.’ Originally a Methodist, he became a universalist, under the preaching of Elhannan Winchester, and a baptist through the influence of Winchester’s successor, William Vidler.

In 1798 appeared a version of the New Testament, ‘humbly attempted by Nathaniel Scarlett, assisted by men of piety and literature.’ The basis of this was a manuscript translation by James Creighton, an Anglican clergyman.

Once a week Creighton, Vidler, and John Cue, a Sandemanian, met Scarlett at his house, 349 Strand to revise this translation.

The final arrangement, dramatic in form, with introduction of speakers’ names, also the headings and notes are entirely Scarlett’s work.

The book is a useful curiosity.

It was called ‘A Translation of the New Testament from the Original Greek.’ 1798.

There are two distinct engraved title-pages bearing the same date.

Scarlett contributed both prose and verse to the ‘Universalist’s Miscellany’; from it was reprinted ‘A Scenic Arrangement of Isaiah’s Prophecy, relating to the Fall of …

Babylon.’ He died on 18 Nov. 1802, aged 50. Source – Dictionary of National Biography SOME SCARLETT RECORDS FROM THE REGISTERS OF THE ENNISKILLEN POOR LAW UNION AT THE TIME OF THE GREAT FAMINE IN IRELAND The sesquicentenary of the start of the Great Famine in Ireland was marked in 1995.

In Vol2/no2 of the Scarlett Letter (Oct 1995) I asked, rather optimistically, if any readers had information about the effects of the Famine on their Irish Scarlett ancestors.

I received, unsurprisingly, no response since most of the evidence concerning individual families during those calamitous years in Irish history was lost in the great confusion of the time.

Church registers in many cases do not fully record the deaths in the worst affected areas because many of the destitute moved away from their homes seeking relief.

Large numbers of these people, dreadfully weakened by starvation, succumbed to illness and died outside their local area.

Clergy would not have known of most of these deaths and since there was no burial in the churchyard names could not have been entered in the parish register. The evidence suggests clergy in these areas worked untiringly to help the surviving poor and it is not surprising that they had little or no time or perhaps even the heart to record the names of those emigrating despite the significance of what was happening to their parishes.

Many of the records of individuals have also been hidden, until comparatively recently, in the archives of the Boards of Guardians, the elected representatives of the local ratepayers, who administered the workhouses set up under the Poor Law system introduced in 1838. The system established in that year divided Ireland into 137 Poor Law Unions (PLUs) which were based on main market towns each with workhouse, infirmary and fever hospital.

The system was financed by a rate collected from local property owners and based on what was termed the poor law valuation of each property.

In keeping with government financial and social policies of the period there was no provision for central government money to assist the system in any way. The aim of the system was to provide indoor relief for the destitute poor in workhouses in which they could work, hence the name, to provide some money to assist in their keep.

The clear but unstated aim was to make the living conditions so harsh that they would be very unattractive and seen as a last resort for the poor thereby keeping out the feared malingerers and thus reducing the burden on the taxpaying property owners.

One example of the harsh workhouse regime was that families once admitted were forced to live apart in separate adult female and male and children’s female and male accommodation with only infrequent contact as a family. The system was quite incapable of coping with a human disaster of the immensity of the Famine simply because the government held to the policy that central exchequer funds would not be used to provide relief.

Even the public works relief schemes such as building of roads, which might have been justified as deserving government assistance, had to be paid by the local ratepayers. Much of Ulster escaped the worst effect of the potato blight in 1845 but it spread disastrously across South West Ulster in the autumn of the following year.

This was followed by the exceptionally harsh winter of 1846/1847 with long periods of snow, frost and high winds which added greatly to the misery of starvation.

There was no outdoor relief for the able bodied and many were forced to give up the tenancy of their small farm holdings in order to qualify for relief.

By the spring of 1847 vast numbers of people, and especially the elderly and small children, were so weakened by starvation that they succumbed easily to fever and thousands died as illness swept through the countryside and the congested workhouses.

The workhouses and their infirmaries were under acute strain.

Yet many wealthy landowners still continued to state that relief was too generously applied and further increases in poor law tax should be strongly resisted. — VOL.2/NO 13 MAY 2001 EDITED/CO-ORDINATED by DUNCAN SCARLETT 30 DALBOYNE PARK, LISBURN CO.ANTRIM N.I.

BT28 3BU SCARLETT REUNION AT KARAMEA EASTER 2000 A Scarlett Reunion was held for the descendants of Daniel and Harriett Scarlett (née Cato) who arrived in Karamea, New Zealand on 27th November, 1874 after leaving their home in Great Tew, Oxfordshire, England.

The Reunion, which marked 125 years of Scarlett settlement in Karamea, was held at Easter on 23rd and 24th April, 2000. Two hundred and forty three people attended from all parts of New Zealand and even five from Australia and from all reports the visitors thought the occasion was an outstanding success.

Registrations took place in the School Hall at the Karamea Domain on Sunday afternoon 23rd April.

Attached to one side of the School Hall was a large marquee that could hold up to seven hundred people, so when it rained on the Sunday afternoon we had plenty of cover.

In this marquee refreshments were served through the reunion.

On display in the hall were five of the family lines of Daniel and Harriet Scarlett’s children.

We also had a guest book for all those in attendance to sign and this will go into the Karamea Museum at a later date.

It was amazing to see how many of the relations were meeting for the first time, and also the number that had not been to Karamea before. At 6 p.m.

When the registration had been completed, there followed the get-together.

Ross Scarlett the Master of Ceremonies for the reunion introduced Erle Scarlett, David Scarlett’s great grandson who welcomed the visitors and said he hoped they would all have a very enjoyable stay in Karamea.

The food was then brought around continuously for two hours and the evening finished at about 12.30 a.m.

On Monday morning at 10.00 a.m.

The guests boarded the buses to visit places of interest in the district, with Erle and Ross Scarlett as their tour directors.

The first place visited was the South Terrace where the first settlement established in Karamea is situated and where there is a plaque commemorating this.

A number of photographs were taken before they departed to Arapito.

This is where the first settlers after leaving the South Terrace, had cleared the bush and settled to farm.

A number of photographs were taken when they reached Ross Scarlett’s home as this was where Daniel and his son Charles first farmed in Arapito.

Ross is Daniel Scarlett’s great, great grandson.

This was followed by a drive past a number of other farms in Arapito that were also owned by Scarlett ancestors; some are Johnstons, Allens, Linehans, and three other Scarlett farms.

Leaving Arapito the buses travelled round Oparara out to the Flagstaff, where they used to signal the ships when the harbour was closed, and then back to the Karamea Domain.

After this two hour trip they were all ready for the BBQ lunch that had been prepared in their absence. After lunch the family photographs were taken, followed at 4.00 p.m.

By the main family group photograph.

A number of the visitors had taken their own cars and gone back round the district to take more photographs of the sites, which was a shame as they missed out on the family group photograph. At 6.00 p.m.

Everybody met back at the marquee for the Cabaret, with the tables set up for everyone to be seated for dinner.

The meal was served and after the first course Ross Scarlett asked Erle Scarlett to make the farewell speech and four of Daniel and Harriet Scarlett’s great grandchildren, Mrs Ann Linehan, Miss Maisie Richardson, Mrs Ruth Bragg and Mr Ernie Linehan, one from each family line and the youngest in attendance six month old Georga Rose Baker cut the cake.

Ross Scarlett then asked Vince Scarlett, Daniel Scarlett’s great great grandson to step forward and receive a certificate presented to acknowledge his efforts in organising the Scarlett Reunion.

After dessert had been served Ross Scarlett kept the crowd entertained with some stories of Karamea and its people and also some of the visitors had their own stories to tell.

At 8.30 p.m.

When dinner had been completed, guests moved into the School Hall where the band had been set up and the dancing started.

This was a wonderful evening with everyone mixing especially when they had the old-times dances.

The refreshments were still being served in the marquee and the photographer was still taking photographs.

At 11.30 p.m.

A late supper was served and than back to the dance floor with the evening finally closing at 1.30 a.m. Tuesday was Anzac Day, the day that Australia and New Zealand commemorate the fallen in all the World Wars and we had organised a service for 10.30 a.m.

At the Memorial Gates to the Domain.

Flowers were laid for Leslie Scarlett and Theo Scarlett, two of our relations who had fallen in the Second World War and a number of visitors stayed for this service. As far as the committee were concerned the reunion was a great success, especially after a number of the visitors approached us to see when we were going to hold the next get together.

They also commented on the excellent catering, music and the bus trip and a number mentioned thatKaramea was going to be their next holiday destination.

If all goes well we may hold the next reunion in 2005 which would be 130 years since the Scarletts arrived in Karamea, New Zealand. Vincent Scarlett CAVAN 2002 GATHERING The Cavan 2002 Gathering will be held on Friday 21st – Monday 24th June 2002.

A form (Mailing 1) for those who wish to register their interest and send details, is included with this letter.

If you know of anyone who does not receive the letter but who is interest in attending the Gathering please send a photocopy of the form to them.

Mailing 2 giving information about accommodation available, booking procedures and an outline programme will be sent to all who express an interest in coming to Cavan. IRISH RECORDS from a report of the Deputy Keeper of Records, Public Records Office, Dublin (ML – Marriage Licence Bond. DW – Dublin Will.) — Ref:CanisbayOPR/Marriage/35/1 8 June 1717, JOHN SCARLET in Canisbay was matrimonially contracted with HELEN CORMACK in Charities of Wick and both parties gave up their names to be proclaimed engaging themselves to solemnise their said marriage within the space of fortie (sic) days under the pain of ten pounds scots to be paid by the partie breaker and married 11 July 1717 Ref: CanisbayOPR/Marriages/35/1 Interestingly, Caithness is the place where most of the Scarlet families are located in Scotland until after about 1750 when there are a few mentions in Perthshire and Forfarshire.

The name then disappears until the mid 19th century.

Perhaps they went to Ireland? From Helen Graeser CHRISTMAS AT ARMAGH I witnessed a pleasant sight this day at the Primatial School, Armagh.

I there saw upwards of 170 scholars of all religious persuasions happily enjoying themselves at a Christmas dinner of roast beef and plum pudding provided by the Ladies Beresford.

After dinner each scholar was handed a mug of ale and having drunk the health of the King, the Primate and the Ladies Beresford, and in silence, the memory of Primate Stuart the founder of the school they retired home.

The dinner was served by gentlemen who had volunteered for the service.

The arrangements were made by Mr and Mrs David Scarlett, the master and mistress of the school. From the Belfast Newsletter, 4th January 1825. [Editor – the Ladies Beresford were the wife and sister of the Primate, Lord John George Beresford, the Archbishop of Armagh] THE IRISH COUNTRY FAIR Fair days were major events in the calendar of the countryside.

Scarletts living in Cavan, Fermanagh, Leitrim and Monaghan would have looked forward to them.

Farmers and labourers whose working lives were spent on farms isolated from daily contact with their neighbours for most of the year enjoyed every opportunity to make contact with others in the community.

Church on Sunday, groups of farmers and labourers from neighbouring farms joining together to work on each other’s farms at important times in the farming year such as hay making, flax pulling, potato digging, crop harvesting and threshing and the monthly fair days in the nearest towns provided welcome opportunities for social intercourse. The fairs have long since disappeared, the victim of farm marts and government regulartions but until the late 1950s fair days fulfilled an important commercial and social function for the people of the country town and surrounding countryside.

The buying and selling of animals was the major commercial purpose but those at the fair could also buy clothes, boots, farm implements and other farm needs and provisions at the shops or at the stalls set up by travelling salesmen. Some towns had a small area specifically set aside for the fair often called ‘fair green’ or ‘fair hill’ but most animals, having been driven on foot or led along the roads from farms to the town, stood in the streets awaiting a buyer.

Certain places in the town were reserved by tradition for the separate display and sale of cattle, sheep, horses and pigs (young pigs were kept in a cart).

House and shop owners used timber to protect their doors and windows during the day and then after the fair was over they had to clean up the mess left by frightened and much beaten animals. Bargaining or haggling between seller and buyer was an essential part of the process and much enjoyed by participants and spectators.

In most cases a third party was involved in trying to get the two parties to reach an agreed price.

The payment of a luck penny, what would now be called a discount, was frequently an important part of the process.

There was much spitting on and slapping of hands to seal a bargain or clapping of dry hands to end an unsuccessful negotiation. Many were there to watch the ‘crack’ of the sales, some to stir up a bit of fun or mischief and some even to settle a few old or recent scores.

The shops and especially the pubs did a roaring trade and before the day had ended fights were a frequent occurrence resulting from too much alcohol and long cherished animosities of the townland and countryside.

But the fair day is now a fast fading memory. Duncan Scarlett — CAVAN SCARLETT FAMILY GATHERING JUNE 2002 The dreadful events of September 11th and the continuing response to them now taking place of course means we live in an even more uncertain world than when planning started for the 2002 Cavan Gathering.

Mailing 2, which accompanies this Letter, reflects this uncertainty as it is impossible at this time to predict the international circumstances, the air travel situation or accommodation and hotel prices in June 2002. As a result I assume that many who intended to be in Cavan next June will now be putting those plans on hold for the moment.

However I will continue planning for the Gathering in the hope that, by then, the world situation will have improved and all those wishing to take part will be able to travel. MORE SCARLETTS FROM THE ENNISKILLEN POOR LAW UNION RECORDS The November 2000 edition of the Letter included an article about four Scarletts whose names appeared, as a result of the effects of the Great Famine, in the Workhouse and Fever Hospital registers of the Enniskillen PLU in the mid to late 1840s. The names of two further Scarletts appear at a later date in the PLU records mercifully not in the same registers but rather in the minutes of the meetings of the Board of Guardians of the PLU.

They were Jane and Eliza, daughters of William Scarlett, Schoolmaster of Killesher Parish School, Florence Court and his wife Anne.

William belonged to the Gortdonaghy Scarlett family in the neighbouring parish of Cleenish. Jane Scarlett, b 1839, was the first daughter and second child of seven known children of William and Anne.

She was appointed as a nurse in the Workhouse Infirmary in November 1865 and promoted to be Matron of the Workhouse in 1885.

Jane married William Bell of Fivemiletown, Co.Tyrone, in 1886 and remained as Matron until her resignation in 1890.

Madeline Armstrong, the last surviving member of the Cleenish Scarlett family living in the parish, recalls a very old Jane visiting her younger sister Anne (Madeline’s grandmother) in the mid 1920s. Eliza Scarlett, bc 1835 or 1841, the second daughter of William and Anne married William McMullen, turnkey in Fermanagh County Gaol, in 1860.

Elizabeth worked temporarily as a nurse for some weeks in early 1869 in The Workhouse Infirmary and later that year was appointed midwife for the Florence Court dispensary district.

This post reflected the growing responsibilities of the Board of Guardians for public health and especially for poor people.

Eliza resigned from her post in March 1890 at the same time as her sister Jane left her post as Matron. Duncan Scarlett Many thanks for your continued support for the Scarlett Letter.

I do hope you enjoy Vol 2 number 14. Please accept my apologies for the late arrival of this number.

Delivery of my post to an unoccupied house and a computer problem combined to cause the delay. With every good wish for a Happy Christmas and more peaceful New Year.

Duncan SCARLETTS ON WORLD WAR I ROLL OF HONOUR Alfred Scarlett – Stoker 1st Class, Royal Navy — Dora Scarlett born 29 December 1905 died 28 March 2001 Writer, broadcaster and medical carer for the poor. Dora Scarlett, who has died aged 95, was a writer, broadcaster, communist activist, and above all the founder and driving force for an organisation providing medical care to the poor in India. But throughout her life, her real love was gardening and living a simple rural existence.

Her last 40 years were spent in India, where she started a rural clinic giving free treatment to poor villagers.

From very simple beginnings it grew to encompass three health and development organisations working with hundreds of thousands of poor and marginalised people.

Dora was made an MBE in 1994. The daughter of a schoolteacher, Dora grew up modestly in Liverpool, with strong memories of strange plants in the Sefton Park glasshouse.

She shone at school, but refused the expected move to university, because she was more interested in horticulture.

She worked first on a chicken farm in Oxfordshire and later farmed her own smallholding in Devon.

There, long before the idea became fashionable in the 1970s, self-sufficiency and simple living appealed to her. She became involved with the Communist party, and after the war went at the party’s instruction to Hungary to work as a broadcaster for Radio Budapest.

She was supposed to beam stories of a communist paradise to British audiences, but found herself increasingly disillusioned with communism – and equally taken with the peasant life of eastern Europe.

When the Soviet invasion came in 1956, Dora left in a hurry, with the help of the British embassy.

Back in London, she left the party and wrote a book about her experiences, Window Onto Hungary.

She then spent several less than happy years in London, and in 1959, without telling a soul, she left.

Six weeks later she arrived in Madras, after travelling by cargo ship. Having found the simple rural life, Dora was soon working in a village clinic, outside Madras.

She formed a friendship with a local farmer and his wife, and together they went deep into south India, finally settling some way west of the ancient temple city of Madurai, in the foothills of the Western Ghats, which run down the spine of India.

Here was a place remote from the modern world, with empty land and little in the way of medical facilities. Dora sometimes recalled those early days, which must have been the high spot of her life: finding the land, divining water, digging an open well, the first crops on hitherto unused soil.

She told of trudging from village to village with a bag of basic medicines, learning how people lived.

And she had special memories of the first western volunteers – American Peace Corps members at the time of Vietnam – and how they toiled all day in the heat, digging pits to plant the coconut trees that now ring the place she called Seva Nilayam, or Home of Service. Everything was to be modest – the buildings of mud and tile in the local style, traditional farming methods and an absence of vehicles.

Certainly antibodies were to be used where needed, but simple homespun medicine would serve where they were not.

Seva Nilayam soon had a reputation for caring as well as effective treatment, and for being welcoming to the poorest and least regarded. Seva Nilayam attracted volunteers from around the world, and funding from Switzerland, Denmark, Australia, the US and Britain.

The centre took “in patients”, but not conventionally on rows of beds in wards.

Rather, these were patients who needed rest and good food as much as treatment, or who lived too far away to attend daily.

The in-patients were part of the community, some staying a few days or weeks, others much longer.

They helped out in the farm, garden, kitchen or clinic, in an environment not much different from that of their village. In the 1970s, a new challenge arose.

Western development agencies were moving to more progressive policies – preferring preventive to curative medical work.

Dora’s philosophy was that westerners had no right to impose their views on what Indian society might or might not need.

Undeterred by the loss of funding from agencies, she became her own fundraiser.

Sitting on a wooden stool in a mud-walled building, bashing at a 1920s typewriter, she composed a letter that started: “I am writing to you from a remote corner of India …” and mailed copies to all the people she could think of. She believed that if you simply stated your need, people would respond.

And they did.

Soon Dora was writing a bi-monthly newsletter; not appealing for money but describing the life she saw around her in clinic, village or further afield in India, and adding her insights.

Over the years these letters – each one a wonderful read – came to compose a very individual statement about Dora Scarlett and her life and work in India. Many compared her beliefs to those of Gandhi – whom she had met in the 1930s when he visited London.

She recalled taking early morning walks with him in the East End and being deeply impressed by his presence.

But she always insisted her ideas were her own.

Dora Scarlett’s collected letters and information about her works are available from UK registered charity that supports Seva Nilayam: Village Service Trust, Shoreditch Town Hall, 380 Old Street London EC1V 9LT, telephone and fax 020-7739 9630, email villageservice HYPERLINK mailto:trust@lineone.nt trust@lineone.net. As disabilities of sight and hearing grew in old age, Dora stepped back and the Seva Nilayam board appointed a director to manage the organisation.

She remained at Seva Nilayam, taking an interest in the clinic and garden, and in turn being cared for.

In her later years she returned to the Catholicism of her upbringing. But Seva Nilayam had always embraced all faiths, indeed it was predominantly Hindu in its customs.

So naturally her funeral followed local custom.

Hundreds of local people attended the simple burial service in the beautiful garden she had created at Seva Nilayam. Angela Russ Editor.

This obituary was printed in the Guardian on 5th April 2001.

It is included in this Letter by kind permission of the Editor of the Guardian and writer, Angela Russ. — SOME AMERICAN SCARLETT ASSOCIATIONS In 1954 I wrote to the several Scarletts listed in Who’s Who in America.

All, I think, replied courteously although noneappeared to be linked with my ancestry.

Among the respondents was Bishop William Scarlett whom I now know to have been my grandfather’s second cousin.

My father, an ardent Anglo-Catholic, was well aware of Bishop Scarlett’s existence and he would have been delighted to know of the relationship but he was dead for some years before my brief correspondence with the Bishop took place.

The Bishop said in his letter: “I must confess that I know little about the family.

I do know that we stem from England and that the Chief Justice, Lord Abingdon (sic), and also Sir James York (sic) Scarlett are somewhere involved in it.

More than that I do not know”. “But I am sending your letter to a cousin of mine in Columbus, Ohio, as I remember that many years ago her father went into this matter rather thoroughly and that a brochure was published.

I hope this will bring you some information”.

The cousin in Columbus did not write.

Barbara [Scarlett Allen] will probably identify her without trouble, but what was the brochure? Perhaps it was the document that Ed Scarlett has brought to light in recent times. Judge Frank Scarlett referred my letter to his cousin, Virginia Hillsman Blanton (Mrs J.A.

Blanton sr.), of St Simon’s Island, Ga., who wrote: “My mother was a Scarlett before her marriage and in each generation someone in our family has been given that name to carry on.

My daughter is called ‘Scarlett’ and now I have a grand-daughter who has that name too.

So you see to hear about Scarletts in far off Australia is a fascinating subject to all of us in Georgia”. “There is a tale that has been handed down about our direct ancestor who came to America at the age of 15, that I like very much.

This was told me by an elderly cousin who had read it in a diary.

His name was Francis Muir Scarlett and while in school in London he drew a comic picture of his teacher.

For that he was whipped by the teacher with a pickled switch.

Not liking this he ran away on a boat that landed in Charleston, South Carolina.

One of his father’s friends recognised him and sent him back to London.

He was no doubt whipped again and the next year he ran way again and this time did not linger in Charleston but travelled on down the coast until he came to Georgia, Glynn County.

This was about 1800.

He married Ann Crum and had a number of children; among them was Judge Frank’s grandfather, Francis Dunham Scarlett, and my grandfather, George Stanton Scarlett.

I have copies of the old family Bible records and will copy them for you later if they would be of interest.

There is a brief record of another Scarlett family who lived in the adjoining county of Camden before our ancestor arrived.

This may have been the reason for him coming to this section.

The record I speak of is an account of a family of Scarletts being killed by the Indians”. “I am enclosing a copy of another record published in a Baltimore, Maryland paper about another branch of the Scarletts.

This was clipped from a paper by my aunt some years ago.

And did you know that there is another branch of the family in Jamaica? My sister who was visiting in Jamaica called on them and they gave her copies of their records – A Nicholas Scarlett settled in Jamaica in 1673 and later Captain Francis Scarlett was given lands in Jamaica.

He was the son of Benjamin Scarlett of Eastbourne, Sussex.

He left his estates to a nephew William of Middle Temple.

I have more detailed information about this branch if you would like it.

It seems the Scarletts were great travellers”. “The only other information that we have about Francis Muir Scarlett is his Baptism record in the Parish of St Luke, in the County Middlesex, in the Year of 1785.

His father was William Scarlett and his mother’s name was Elizabeth and they lived on Chiswell Street.

I would like very much to know how our Francis ties in with the others who went in the other directions”. “I am enclosing a map of the Island where I live that my son and I made several years ago and have marked the approximate spot where the Scarletts settled.

My aunts and uncle still live there”. The clipping from The Baltimore American, 16 April 1897, had been copied by Meta Scarlett.

It was an obituary of Robert W.

Scarlett whom I recognised as an identifiable relative of my great-grandfather although the mixture of fact and fable created problems in sorting it out.

The map sent by Mrs Blanton was a particularly fine printed Historical map of St Simon’s Isle, prepared in conjunction with her son, Jake.

Among many places of interest it located Oak Grove, the old Scarlett residence then occupied by her aunts and uncle.

As St Simon’s Isle has a particularly disagreeable slave history (not mentioned by Mrs Blanton) I assume that Oak Grove was a plantation with a possibly extensive barracoon. Chiswell Street, where William and Elizabeth Scarlett lived, is in the vicinity of City Road in the East End of London.

The area has been largely cleared today and the Barbican Centre (the design, incidentally, of the distnguished architect Frank Scarlett) sets the ugly modernist tone of recent development.

It would have been fairly cramped and very busy in 1785.

The parish church, St Luke’s, Old Street, was one of Nicholas Hawksmoor’s most striking designs; it survives today but only as an abandoned shell, its foundations undermined.

Not far away in another direction is the City Road Chapel, the principal scene in London of the evangelising activities of John and Charles Wesley, whose work would have been known to residents in Chiswell Street. Professor Andrew Jackson Scarlett, of Hanover N.H., wrote: “When I visited London, England, in 1937 I found two columns of Scarletts in the telephone directory and only three Bullards (my mother’s maiden name).

She had always regarded herself as of English descent and thought the Scarletts just happened.

There was some reason for that, because my earliest forebear seems to be one Newman Scarlett who was an officer in the revolutionary army – one of the ‘Rabble in Arms’ that drove the British from Boston.

Perhaps for that reason he and his descendants had no interest in tracing his ancestry to England.

Anyway he must have been born in the United States, or rather the colonies, by 1750.

There is a direct descent from him to me, but I do not have the complete family tree.

Most of them lived in Massachusetts, north of Boston, and several still live in Lowell, Mass.

My mother always liked the story, entirely unsubstantiated, that this ancestor was found on a doorstep, wrapped in a bright red blanket, hence the name ‘new man Scarlett’.

I am sure that this is not true”. [Editor – see Scarlett Letter, Vol 2 nos 6,7, and 8 for articles about descendants of Newman Scarlett]. “My father’s father moved to the center of Massachusetts where my father was born (West Boylston) in 1849.

His father was an admirer of President Jackson, and named the new son Andrew Jackson Scarlett.

That is the reason for my name, a sore point with me because I am an ardent republican, and Jackson was one of the great democratic presidents.

My father was the fourth of a family of six sons and three daughters.

The six sons had mostly daughters, so there is a good chance that the Scarlett name will disappear, so far as this branch is concerned.

This is particularly true because the few sons had daughters only.

All of these Scarletts, save one daughter, stayed in New England, and I have always considered other Scarletts in the US as no relations.

There is another Andrew J.

Scarlett in New Jersey, and of course, there is the famous Bishop of Missouri.

I have no connections with either of them”. “I spent the academic year 1926-1927 in California, and ran into a student at the University of Berkeley by the name of Gladys May Scarlett.

We compared notes and I found that her family tree went back to one Samuel Scarlett her great-great-grandfather.

In my branch there was a Samuel Scarlett my great, great uncle, who ran away from home at age 16 and went ‘west’.

Probably they are one and the same person.

At any rate, her Samuel Scarlett got only as far as Indiana.

There he had two sons, William and James.

William and his six children went to California as pioneers in the 1860s, while James moved to Missouri.

I have not dates for these people, but enclose a brief tree.

Gladys May Scarlett invited us to a Scarlett reunion in Davis, Calif.

And we met there 80 others, either Scarletts or descendants or wives and husbands.

Gladys Scarlett has since married, and is now Mrs Gladys Owens, Box 97, Yolo, Calif.

She could give you information about that branch of the family, which I am sure is related to mine”. “At the Scarlett reunion we found members of both the William and James descendants.

A son of James migrated to Monterey, Calif., and his son with a 1-year old baby named Samuel, after the original, were there, at the reunion.

They now live in Woodland, Calif., while cousins still live in Fairfax, Missouri.

So far as I know these are no relation to William Scarlett, Bishop of Missouri, although one of the sons of James was named William.

It is interesting how names are repeated in both branches of this family, and how the grandson of Samuel was named Sam, but his grandson becomaes Samuel”. “One of my uncles, an engineer who travelled extensively in the U.S., South America and eventually was killed on a project in Mexico, used to look up all Scarletts in the phone directory of the town he happened to be visiting.

He stopped this practice when he encountered a black Scarlett in a southern city.

Of course it was common for negro slaves to take the names of white masters in the days prior to the Civil War, 1861, between the states”. “My only daughter is now Mrs Marjorie Miner, living in Frederick, Maryland, and having a daughter, 5, and a son 1½ years”. Professor Scarlett attached a list of descendants, prepared in 1927 but apparently brought up to date out of his own knowledge, of descendants of Samuel Scarlett, of Indiana. [Editor – see below for similar but amplified list] Gladys Scarlett Owens (Mrs Edward N) wrote: “About twenty-five years ago when Professor Andrew Scarlett was on leave from Dartmouth College he studied at the University of California.

At this time I was a student there.

Mr Scarlett contacted me and we talked of family relationships although I don’t think that we ever actually decided definitely that we were related.

There was a boy attending college at the same time with the Scarlett name but I don’t know if Professor Scarlett contacted him or not”. “At that time I made up a family tree going back as far as my grandmother could remember what had been told her.

She has since passed away.

Since that time I haven’t done anything with it …

I do know that my grandfather, James E.

Scarlett, was born in Iowa which state he left at the age of 26 and came to California and settled in the town of Vaccaville.

From there he moved to Yolo Co.

And we now live on part of the old ranch”. — Sude William Samuel who had issue Art L. [issue Mary Ann, Ella Dean & Samuel Arthur] and Fayetta [issue Mary Jane] James John who had issue Leland, Oakes, Fern, and Gladys MARY LYON SCARLETT When Barbara Scarlett Allen located Jack Scarlett, great grandson of George Washington Scarlett, she was told of a Mary Scarlett who had a school in Ann Arbor, Michigan named in her honor.

When Barbara passed that information on to me I turned to Ruth Scarlett Muir of Grand Rapids, Michigan for help in learning more about Mary Scarlett.

Ruth uncovered information about the school dedicated to Miss Mary Scarlett.

The following was taken from a booklet used at the 30th anniversary of the Scarlett School. H.L.G. Mary Lyon Scarlett was the fifth child of George Washington Scarlett and his wife Helen Voorhees.

Born on May 5, 1892 at Oxford, New York her early education was in Michigan.

She attended school in Tecumsek and then at Michigan High School, 1910 and Ypilanti Normal School in 1912.

Mary Scarlett went on to higher education at Columbia University, New York City where she received her BA in 1927 followed by an MA in 1929. Mary Scarlett began her teaching career in the elementary schools in Tecumsek, Wyandotti and Macon, Michigan.

In 1918 she joined the faculty of the Ann Arbor, Michigan school system where she spent 44 years.

From 1945 until her retirement in 1962, Miss Scarlett was a member of the English department at Saulson Junior High School.

Mary L Scarlett died in Ann Arbor, Michigan some time in the 1960s. In 1965 a fourth junior high school was planned for Ann Arbor and finally opened in 1968.

On May 25, 1969 a ceremony was held to dedicate the new building to Mary L.

Scarlett.

Words written for that dedication by Harold Logan, Principal read: “Small in stature, with sparkling eyes and brilliant wit, Mary Lyon Scarlett will be remembered with affection and a little awe by the community she served for 44 years.

Mary Scarlett represented the truly professional teacher in every respect”. Her colleagues at the time remembered Miss Scarlett’s memorable qualities and her compassionate, keen interest in her students; a love of scholarship and learning; and a zestful, positive approach to living.

She was known for sharing her appreciation and love for literature, poetry and the written word.

Harold Logan wrote of the many hundreds of students who would remember the little bell that rested on her desk.

A touch on the shiny brass bell demanded instant attention. In 1989 Scarlett Junior High School became the Scarlett Middle School.

The memory of Mary L Scarlett has continued over the years with the education of the children who passed through the halls and classrooms of the building which has carried her name for over 30 years. Helen L.

Graeser Long Island, New York JOHN SCARLETT OF THE HUMBER In 1688, a Samuel Scarlett (#1) was born in Thorpe next-to-Norwich in the County of Norfolk England.

On December 7th 1731 a Samuel Scarlett (#2) (likely his son) married Hannah Pinberrow at Thorpe.

On December 25 1746, Samuel Beckett (#3) was christened at Thorpe.

On January 11 1771, he married Mary Bowker (christened Sept 9, 1742) of Peterborough, at St John Baptist in Peterborough, in the County of Cambridge. Samuel #3 then settled in Hanley which is close to Newcastle under Lyme in the county of Staffordshire.

He was a mercer, which is a dealer in fine clothes.

He and Mary were parents to Samuel #4 (christened Aug 17 1774 and named after his father and grandfathers), John (c.1777), Joseph (c.1779), Mary (c.1781 named after her mother), William (c.1783), James Rodney (c.1783 likely died at birth), James (c.1785), Robert (c.1787), Pinberrow (c.1789 named after his grandmother), Bowker (c.1790 named after his mother) and Hannah (c.1793 named after her grandmother). John Scarlett the second son of Samuel (#3) immigrated to Canada in approximately 1809 since he purchased his first piece of land on the Humber at that time from William Cooper for 180 pds.

John amassed considerable land along the Humber from Dundas Street to Weston.

He also received a grant of a one acre lot on Hospital street in York and was employed at the municipal offices for the town of York.

He married Mary Thomson the daughter of Archibald Thomson and Elizabeth McKay in 1810 and eventually settled on the Humber River.

The Thomsons farmed at Agincourt and Archibald was the brother to John.

John & Mary Thomson were the founders of Scarborough.

Mary, John’s wife was the companion to Elizabeth Russell, the sister of Peter Russell who was the Administrator of York.

John was a lumber merchant and he had a mill on the Humber along with his other endeavours.

He fought in the war of 1812 at Detroit and Niagara. In the Baldwin Papers in the Central Library Toronto there are letters from John Scarlett to Elizabeth Russell requesting her to pass on information concerning Mary’s health to her mother Elizabeth Thomson (McKay).

These letters actually turn out to be concerning the birth of Edward Christopher their first son born 1811.

The children of John Scarlett and Mary Thomson were Edward Christopher bn 1811 a bachelor, Mary bn 1815 who married Rev.

Robert Harding, John Archibald bn 1819 who married Maria Louisa Henriod, St George bn 1820 named after Quinton St George who married Alice Jane Lee, Elizabeth Maria bn 1823 who died 1837 and Samuel bn 1826 who married Harriet Emma Fisher then Sarah Fisher Thomson. Mary (Thomson) died in 1827 but we do not know where she is buried although it would appear that she never recovered from the birth of Samuel.

John then married Elizabeth Denison the daughter of Eli Playter and the widowed wife of Charles Denison who had died in 1832.

They did not have any children and we know very little of her.

She died in 1847.

He then married Sophia Porteous of Montreal in 1849.

We also know little of this 3rd wife. — Bill Tilson FURTHER NEWS OF ENGLISH SEA CAPTAIN SCARLETT AND HIS ELDEST SON JAMES In previous issues of the Scarlett Letter there were brief summaries regarding the English Sea Captain and his granddaughter Mary L.

Scarlett.

At the time of those writings the given names of Captain Scarlett and his wife were unknown.

That was an omission which could not be let to just slide by.

I was determined to do what I could to fill in the unknown names to add to the family history. I first turned to the 1850 and 1860 census records.

Unfortunately I learned that those years were unindexed and I spent two afternoons going through the microfilm reels for Union and Essex Counties of New Jersey only to be disappointed as there was no sign of the Scarlett name in the records. Following that I wrote to the Universities the Captain’s three sons attended.

Here I had success as I received a response from Princeton University, New Jersey, James’ alma mater.

This information listed James’ birth year as 1848.

Little else were given regarding his family history except that he was the son of George and Mary Scarlett.

Reference was made that his father was “an English sea captain; his mother of Scotch-Irish extraction”. Various versions of James Scarlett’s early life were outlined in several articles written in the early 1920s.

What was most apparent was that he was born December 31, 1848 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, the eldest son of George and Mary Scarlett.

Orphaned at a young age he was separated from his brothers when he was taken under the care of W.W.

Pinto who brought him to Danville, Pennsylvania.

There he attended Public school while also working on the Pinto farm.

He was then apprenticed to the blacksmith’s trade at which he became expert and earned a comfortable living.

However, the results of such labour with his hands were not enough to satisfy the ambitious young man.

Together with three other youths in the town, he took extensive courses of study with a view of entering college.

James studied by night, reciting his lessons before J.M.

Kelso, the Professor of the Danville Institute.

With the help of the good people of Danville, James entered Princeton University in the fall of 1870, graduating in 1874.

An article published in 1921 stated that James Scarlett “was recognised as among the most conspicuous of Princeton graduates”. James Scarlett began his career by reading law in the office of Thomas J.

Galbraith Esq.

And in 1877 was admitted to practise law before the Bar of Montour County, Pennsylvania.

In 1882 James was elected District Attorney for Montour County which he served for three years.

It was during his term as District Attorney that James was united in marriage in 1883 to Lizzie G.

Lyon, the daughter of Moyer Lyon of Danville.

Together they had one son James Scarlett Jr. James Scarlett’s career continued to advance when in 1885 he was admitted to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania and later to the Supreme Court of the United States.

The Governor of Pennsylvania appointed James Chief counsel in the prosecution of the Harrisburg Capital grafters in 1911.

It was this case that brought him nation-wide fame by his brilliant cross-examination.

Over various periods of time he was given charge of cases in which different trusts were prosecuted by the United States Government under the Sherman-Anti Trust Law.

He was chief counsel for the Government in the dissolution of the so-called “Powder Trust”.

In all these cases he gained honour and renown. Aside from the law, his favourite study was English Literature.

James was also an ardent sportsman.

This unfortunately cost him the loss of an eye while shooting quail with friends.

He was reputed to be the best trout fisherman in Pennsylvania.

It was widely known that James Scarlett’s office would be closed on the first day of the hunting or fishing season. James Scarlett died suddenly in his home of a stroke on February 25, 1920.

He left his widow and only child, James Jr.

James was eulogised in several newspapers of the time at great length.

He was said to have had a keen wit and made “politicians squirm with merciless satire”.

Friends had said they would never forget his picturesque and extensive vocabulary. James Scarlett was especially interested in the Geisinger Memorial Hospital of Danville.

In a tribute to his memory, published in the Danville Morning News, Dr Harold L Foss of that hospital said: “Mr Scarlett possessed a more masterly understanding of more numerous and diversified subjects than any man I have ever known.

He had implicit faith in his own powers and resources and these he always utilized with the greatest courage, integrity and intelligence.

He was a man of innumerable fascinations and to his friends always a support and inspiration.

Surely a great man has passed from our midst, the State has lost one of its most distinguished sons and Danville its best loved and most respected citizen. Helen Graeser SCARLETTS ON WORLD WAR I ROLL OF HONOUR J.B.

SCARLETT, Private, Wellington Regiment New Zealand European Force, son of Elizabeth Scarlett of 17 Church Street, Isleworth, Middlesex, England, died 28 September 1916. — At the publication of the best-selling novel about the old South, :Gone with the Wind”, Mrs Frances S.

Beach of Glynn County felt compelled to write to the book’s author.

She praised the story but wanted to know why Margaret Mitchell had named her heroine, “that hussy”, Scarlett.

Mrs Beach had a vested interest in the name.

As the daughter of one of Glynn County’s premier plantation families, the Scarletts, (the middle initial “S” stood for her maiden name) she felt obliged to uphold the family honour.

Margaret Mitchell quickly wrote back apologising for any embarrassment the choice of name might have caused to a family “ so well known in the records and old legends of our Coast.” Mrs Beach has since died leaving the Margaret Mitchell letter in the possession of Mrs Virginia Blanton and her sister, Albert (Mrs H.F.) Adickes of St Simon’s Island, two other Scarlett daughters, to become another part of the family’s heritage. The family produced hundreds of acres of Sea Island cotton on large estates in south Glynn County, either owned by Scarletts or Scarlett marriage partners including Fancy Bluff, Colonels Island, Blythe Island and Oak Grove, in pre Civil War days and in later years produced such prominent local citizens as Judge Frank M.

Scarlett. “The original Scarlett, Francis Muir Scarlett, ran way from England when he was 16 or 17 because he drew an ugly picture of his teacher.

They whipped him with a pickled switch so he saved his money and came to Charleston,” Mrs Adickes said.

He was not able to stay in America for long because one of his father’s friends in Charleston recognized him and sent him back to England where he was whipped again for running away.

He promptly began saving his money again and this time caught a ship which landed in Camden County.

There he went to work for a Mr Crum, apparently a man of means, and married his boss’s daughter “so he did all right,” Mrs Blanton said.

A few years later, around 1800, about the time the Butlers, Coupers, Hamiltons and Demeres acquired their lands on St Simon’s Island, Francis Muir Scarlett settled at Oak Grove a couple of miles north of Fancy Bluff.

He was granted a large tract of land encompassing nearly 3000 acres and became one of the county’s largest cotton planters.

Scarlett also represented Glynn in the legislature at Milledgeville for “Many years, making his trip from his home in the city on horseback,” according to the July 13, 1928 edition of the Brunswick Pilot. The family holdings increased when Mary Ann Scarlett married James Parland, a wealthy Scot, who purchased Colonels and Blythe Islands.

Besides his Colonels Island plantation home, a home he loved so much he was buried there, Parland owned several other mainland plantations: Longwood, the Dyke and Gowrie, where he produced cotton, rice and sugar cane.

In 1856 Parland sold the U.S.

Government part of Blythe Island for a Naval base which sparked a celebration in Brunswick including a torch light parage highlighted by a speech by “the orator of the occasion ….

Mr Thomas Long, a prominent young attorney of Brunswick”, according to The Brunswick Pilot. The fact that the Navy never actually built a base on Blythe Island didn’t stop some rather shady real estate promoters from buying another portion of the island to develop Glynn’s first subdivision, “Naval City,” lots of which were sold throughout the U.S.

By the thousands at $2 per lot. The Fancy Bluff property was handed down to Francis D.

Scarlett.

Considered “one of the beauty spots of this entire coast country”, according to the Pilot, the plantation boasted a colonial mansion in a grove of “magnificent live oak trees overlooking a high bluff.” An old fashioned flower garden and Scarlett’s “four charming daughters” were other attractions, the newspaper said. No trace of the home remains today.

Erosion of the bluff forced the owners to move the house back until it finally had to be torn down.

Many of the surrounding live oaks were washed away.

The old homestead at Oak Grove was passed on to George Stanton Scarlett where along with his wife, Virginia Tyson Scarlett, he raised 12 children.

By that time the Civil War was over and though the Scarletts still had their plantation house and land it didn’t mean anything. “They were land poor,” Mrs Blanton said, “Had more land than money.” Later on they even lost the house in a fire that completely destroyed the building along with valuable heirlooms and relics from the war.

Only the slavery dinner bell was saved.

The family property on Colonels Island was sold to some “northern capitalists” who had grandiose plans for developing it as South Brunswick, a river port and industrial site as well as a town.

The project failed, but not before the Yankee industrialists had built a railroad running from Colonels Island, spanning the river on a trestle to Fancy Bluff and continuing through Oak Grove to Waynesville. “Aunt Polly (Pauline Scarlett, youngest of the brood) told me that years and years ago a church supper was held in the front yard of the Scarlett home to raise money to buy an organ (for the Emanuel United Methodist Church)”, Mrs Blanton said. “Everyone brought their special dishes ….

Long tables spread high with all kinds of goodies, Japanese lanterns in the trees and all the young ladies dressed in their Sunday best”, she said. “Then to cap the climax all those Yankees who were building the railroad…

Came tootleing along in their hand car right through the Scarletts’ field and joined the party.

Let us hope their pockets were full and they helped buy the organ”, Mrs Blanton said. The 12 Scarlett children attended school and church in the Methodist church in their small community.

The walk to school each day could be treacherous for alligators would convene on a low spot in the path.

The children would pay an elderly black woman, Mum Sarah, a bisquit to beat the creatures out of their way, Mrs Blanton said. Marriage, school and work took almost all the young Scarletts away from home, but during World War I Pauline Scarlett returned to Oak Grove to stay.

Though she was trained to teach kindergarten and had been working in a business office in Augusta two tragedies in her life left her heartbroken and drove her home. “It was a very sad time for her”, Mrs Adickes said. “Her young man died in 1918 of the flu.

It was a tragedy.

There was a terrible flu epidemic.

He had it.

We all had it.

People just died like flies.

At the same time one of her brothers disappeared along with his crewmates on the World War I battleship, Cyclops.

Her mother could no longer manage for herself and for another brother, polio-stricken Robert, and needed Pauline’s help.

Pauline, who never married, spent her days caring for her family, flowers and animals and playing the organ and teaching Sunday School at Church.

She outlived all her brothers and sisters and remained at Oak Grove until 1975 when she moved to a local nursing home for more supervised care.

She died there earlier this year at age 97.

She had a lot of beaus.

She just didn’t want to get married, I guess”, Mrs Blanton said. “Her life was full of other things.” [Reprinted from the Brunswick News of 20 September 1982] CONGRATULATIONS TO DICK SCARLETT Editor – I am sure you all will be pleased to join with me in congratulating Dick Scarlett of Jackson on the award to him of an honorary doctor of laws degree by the University of Wyoming.

Dick is a keen Scarlett family genealogist and organised the very successful Family Reunion at Jackson Hole in July 1996.

Dick is also an enthusiastic supporter of the Scarlett Letter which I gratefully acknowledge on behalf of readers. The University of Wyoming will convey its highest award, the honorary doctor of laws degree, to Dick Scarlett of Jackson, a leader in the Wyoming and Rocky Mountains banking communities and a long time supporter of the university.

Scarlett will be recognised during commencement ceremonies on May 18. “Dick is an ardent advocate for the university and education”, Gov.

Jim Geringer said. “His list of awards, honors and accomplishments is long and prestigious and he has my utmost regard for his contributions.” The doctorate degree is the latest of many honors for Scarlett, chairman president and CEO of United Bankcorporation of Wyoming, a holding company for the Jackson State Bank and banks in Sheridan and Cody. — SCOTT Sam Scott – Clonloskin 18.04.1836 Application for a farm – none vacant. TILSON William Cortubbin 17.09.1832 Time to pay his rent.

No answer. John – Freeduff 23.11.1835 for timber Henry – Cortubbin 21.03.1836 a farm Richard – Derryheen 19.06.1837 Lintel and door costs – can’t comply Humphrey – Derryheen 1849 bought the rights to White’s farm. Thomas – Cortubbin 1850 for forms and desks for school SCARLETT John – Clenandra 29.09.1835 Complaint against William Reed John – Clenandra 05.10.1835 Mr Reed will not do what was settled Mary – Cavan 23.10.1837 Rent relief – no Joseph – Derryheen 25.01.1858 Timber roof to barn and stable – granted ROBERT SCARLETT Drumgola 24.04.1836 To be allowed until the middle of May for payment of his rent – given 14th May Drumgola 12.02.1844 Has two small holdings both 20 acres.

Asks for one lease instead of the two he has.

If he pays all the requisite caperies (sic). – no reply Drumgola 14.06.1852 With John Mulligan, Charles Kemp, Richard Humphries, James Kemp for the bog formerly held by them in Coolbeyue, now in Michael Kemp’s possession or someone else – if — WILLIAM A.

SCARLETT William A.

Scarlett was born in Orange County, North Carolina, on October 9, 1830.

When he was 14 years old his parents moved to Indiana where he lived until 1849.

In 1849 he crossed the plains with a small party going to California where he gained considerable wealth in the new gold field, later returning to Indiana. On December 13, 1853, he married Lydia A.

Faucett in Orangeville, Indiana.

When they heard of the government selling land for $3.50 an acre in Nance County, Nebraska they immediately decided to come west and look the land over.

On March 3, 1879, they left Illinois.

They started out in three covered wagons driving cattle and horses making from 13 to 25 miles a day.

There were a lot of prairie chickens and wild game along the journey and by baking bread they got along nicely.

He bought 492 acres.

Buying four places, he gave Tom Scarlett and George Scarlett 80 acres apiece. Eight miles west of the town, now Fullerton, which was only a land office and a post office at that time, they lived in a cabin on Horse Creek until the house was built.

The lumber for the building was hauled from Central City over old buffalo trails and crossing the Loup River on a Ferry. William gave a corner of his home place for a building of a school house in 1884, and in 1900 donated more land north of the school house for a Methodist Church.

They resided on the 169 acres which they settled on until their deaths.

To this union were born eight children, six girls and two boys.

William died July 6, 1905 and Lydia died March 6, 1907. Emily Jane Scarlett was born October 15, 1854.

She married W.

Eli Lawrence on April 19, 1878.

They had four children: Gertie, Arland, Pearl and Lessie.

Emily died January 4, 1937 and Eli January 18, 1937. Evander Thomas (Tom) Scarlett was born in Mercer, Illinois December 25, 1858.

He was united in marriage to Arbell Versaw, February 24, 1879, at Altoona, Iowa.

Five children were born to this union, Jessie, Olin, Vernie and Clarence and Clara, twins.

Tom died August 3, 1918 and Belle died on December 6, 1945.

Their daughter Jessie married Munson Knowles. George A.

Scarlett was born in Mercer, Illinois, on April 20, 1861.

He was united in marriage to Nancy Morrison, born June 28, 1881, at Fullerton, Nebraska.

Three children were born to this union: Minnie, Charley, Lydia.

He died October 24, 1895, and Nancy died January 25, 1948. Almira Anna Scarlett was born in Mercer, Illinois, on September 28, 1856.

She married Ernest E.

Fickwiler October 31, 1888.

They had a large home wedding. Editor – from the web site ( HYPERLINK http://www.rootsweb)/ www.rootsweb)/ sent by Helen Graeser. George Henry Scarlett of Ballycastle: Early Wireless Experiments Most people interested in wireless communication (electrical communication through space without wires as it was originally described) know of the experiments carried out in 1898 by Marconi across Rathlin Sound between Ballycastle and Rathlin Island in County Antrim.

It is less well known that, in the same year, William Preece, Chief Engineer to the British Post Office, was carrying out similar experiments between mainland Wales and an island in the British Channel.

William Preece moved his experiments on the longer distance between Ballycastle and Rathlin Island in 1899. George Henry Scarlett, postmaster at Ballycastle, was involved in Preece’s experiments and most of the work at Ballycastle was carried out from the Post Office at 9 Ann Street.

The drawing room floor, in the private part of the Post Office building, was taken over by instruments and heavy freestone slabs used for insulation. With his knowledge of Morse he was responsible for the eventual operation of the system together with his assistant Miss E.H.White (who later married his son, John).

He was therefore one of the first operators in the United Kingdom or indeed the world of what is now commonly known as ‘The Wirless’.

A notebook kept by him contains a record of the frequent messages between Ballycastle and Post Office Headquarters in Belfast and London about the difficulties in establishing the service. George H Scarlett was also involved in assisting Marconi in his experiments and built an extension to the Post Office at Ballycastle to allow Marconi use of it as one of the mainland bases for transmission and reception of messages between Rathin Island and the mainland. — John Scarlett reached national and international prominence in 2003 and 2004 through his role as Chairman of the British Joint Intelligence Committee.

The JIC drew up the dossier which Prime Minister Tony Blair used as evidence that Iraq had WMD [Weapons of Mass Destruction] which could be unleashed against unspecified targets within 45 minutes and to support his decision to go to war. John Scarlett’s name appeared frequently in the media, on occasions called ‘Tony’s crony’ in some papers, during the Hutton Enquiry to which he gave evidence in late August 2003.

The report of the enquiry, which had ‘deliberately narrow terms of reference set by Tony Blair’ and ‘whitewashed the British establishment’ according to many press commentators, was released in late January 2004 and John Scarlett returned to the headlines. John Scarlett was reputed in at least one paper as being of Irish descent.

So far no Irish family has claimed him as a member. Finally to end this section a report on a good news Scarlett. KELLI SCARLETT, GRAND RAPIDS, 2003 Kelli, daughter of Jim and Bonnie Scarlett, stars in a report in the Grand Rapids Press, 19th October 2003, of a football match, played in heavy rain, between a team of special needs youngsters of TOPSoccer of Grand Rapids and the varsity boys soccer team from East Grand Rapids High School.

Kelli, who is photographed dribbling the ball upfield, said TOPSoccer was ‘fun and cool’. THE DESCENDANTS OF ROBERT SCARLETT of DRUMGOLA, C0.CAVAN and LETITIA GUMLEY of DRUNG, CO.CAVAN Robert and Letitia married cica 1826 in Co.

Cavan.

They had eight children of whom only two remained in Ireland.

The other six all migrated to Australia. WILLIAM arrived in Sydney first with two of his Gumley cousins, Eliza and Letitia.

Later more Gumleys arrived and they all settled in South Australia.

William’s board on the ship was Two Pounds; he could read and write, and was a farm labourer with no relatives in the colony.

William remained in Victoria and worked as a gold escort in early days.

He married Lucy Scott from Clonloskin (near Crossdoney) in Co.Cavan in 1854.

She arrived in Melbourne in 1853.

It is not known if the Scarlett and Scott families knew each other in Cavan. William soon progressed into general stores and hotels, moving around Victoria with his growing family.

He finally settled at Mirboo and he and Lucy are buried there.

He was renowned for “making waves” wherever he went. He was on the council at Penshurst (and also at Mirboo) and had a road named after him.

He started the school at Hawkesdale, where he was also the Birth Registrar, owner of the general store and hotel.

At Mirboo another street is named after him.

He reputedly had a fiery temper (mentioned in several books) but seemed to achieve things along the way.

The children were all well educated and in later generations did well for themselves professionally.

Coal was discovered in 1884 on a property owned by William at Mirboo.

He lifted a 25cwt.

Lump of coal in one piece from this land, and successfully brought it out on a sled through streams, temporary bridges, steep hills and deep mud with the aid of twenty men with bullocks.

It was transported on the train to Melbourne and was the first coal displayed at an exhibition there.

He gained much publicity for this feat and the coal went on to the 1886 Indian and Colonial Exhibition in London. He is listed in several Court books, both as a Petitioner or charged, and some of it makes interesting (and comical) reading.

In another Government document, William was clearly in “to graft and corruption” with the official land surveyor at Mirboo.

He was given a Land Grant, despite the written protest of a local Mirboo resident who stated facts proving that the land had never been inspected and pegged as stated. [Editor – SL Vol.2/No.5, May 1997, includes a full article on William]. ROBERT, born 1830, married Letitia Hetherington in Cavan in 1850.

They arrived in Sydney in 1853 with Mary Ann aged 2, stating “no other relatives in the colony”.

When Robert died in Melbourne in 1860, Letitia must have been in N.S.W.

As the Death Certificate had little information on it.

Letitia’s Marriage Certificate to Charles Jordan in 1861 stated she had four living and two dead children and was widowed. Robert is buried in a pauper’s grave at Melbourne Cemetery with three others who died at Melbourne hospital at that time.

My efforts to have his name on the grave have been refused “as it is a pauper’s grave and others are in it”.

Hence it remains an unmarked heap of soil. None of his descendants can be found in Australian records.

It is believed that Letitia took the family to New Zealand when Charles Jordan died in 1898. JOHN, MARIANNE and LETITIA.

They arrived together in Melbourne in 1864 on the Champion of the Seas.

Letitia’s age was stated as 17, when in fact she was 14.

Girls had to be over 16 if unaccompanied by a parent.

THOMAS’ death notice in the Warrnambool Standard states he came out on the same ship, but he is not on any passenger or crew list. JOHN, born 1837.

He married Ellen Keating, a Roman Catholic, and they had a large family, living on a farm at Jindivick in Gippsland.

In later years they separated and he died in Melbourne.

The death certificate information is not accurate.

Ellen remained in Gippsland and is buried there.

There are many more descendants from this branch of the family than any others. MARIANNE, born 1842.

She married Charles Dodds and had one daughter, who was great friends with my grandmother all her life. LETITIA, born 1850.

She married Charles Dodds and they had one daughter.

She married Ernest Page, and they sailed from Melbourne on the Waratah in 1909.

It sank without trace between Natal and Capetown, and there are no descendants from this branch. — Can anyone shed light on Linda’s query? Also from Beverley Morling DEATH Gladys Sylvia Alexandria Rogers (daughter of Emilie & Alex Scarlett) d. 18.7.1997.

She is buried at Leopold Cemetery with her husband Louis.

There are no descendants from this line.

She was the last surviving grandchild of Lucy & William Scarlett ROBERT & LETITIA SCARLETT from Drumgola, Cavan. I started my Scarlett genealogy in 1980 and by the early 1990s considered I had found all there was to find, other than my missing Scarlett Tilsons that I had heard so much about when I was first in Cavan.

The older people I spoke to there had heard of them, but nobody knew where they had gone.

I later discovered that all five of them were buried at Derryheen, and had never married so there were no descendants to find.

We know one branch had gone to America, but I had almost given up trying to find them when Thelma Matthews (a Tilson) in Canada found Bill Tilson in Pennsylvania looking for Scarletts on the internet.

This was my missing family and thanks to Duncan Scarlett, we all attended the reunion in Cavan and put the missing pieces of the puzzle together and considered the family of Robert and Letitia complete. WRONG Their fourth son Francis had a son William Thomas, born out of wedlock to Amelia Graham in January 1865.

Francis is registered on the birth certficate as the father.

He married Sarah Lang in Cavan 15.6.1864.

They had Robert b.December 1865 and Francis b.August 1867.

Francis (sen) died in 1868 mentioning his two sons in his will, so we presumed William had died.

Francis’s widow Sarah then married Thomas Tilson and raised all the children as Scarlett Tilsons.

Robert migrated to Western Australia and Francis remained in Cavan with his half brother and sisters – all unmarried, except for two brothers – William Henry Tilson who went to Belfast and later to the U.S.A.

And Richard Benjamin Tilson’s family are in Ireland, B.C.

Canada and New Zealand.

All these families located.

Earlier this year I heard from Fergus Scarlett who lives in Dublin.

He is a descendant of William Thomas.

Thomas married Margaret Jane Elliott at Enniskillen Parish Church 16.1.1886.

Fergus is a descendant from their youngest son, William.

Hopefully there are no more surprises, and now we have the entire family.

Sarah Tilson is buried at Derryheen with both her husbands, and the headstone is still in reasonable condition.

The Derryheen church is a super little bluestone building in immaculate condition.

It is so remote that there is only a service held there once a month.

We were lucky to attend a service during the last reunion, and our Scarlett Tilson group doubled the congregation.

I also met the present owner of the Scarlett Drumgola property.

The first time I visited the original home it was unoccupied, but in reasonable condition, but he told me that the school children in the district were offered money by dealers to bring in slate from old derelict buildings.

The house today is just ruins.

Bill Tilson arrived with a picture of the Scarlett Tilson home at Deredis with his grandparents in the foreground.

He had hoped to identify it from the distinctive chimneys, and as we neared Derryheen Church there was the farm and home in perfect condition, with an extra matching wing added to it. P.S. – Thanks to Helen Graeser’s research, we now are questioning the story on Thomas.

His father may have been Francis Scarlett born at Clonandra, Cavan at the same time as Francis.

We are now trying to prove which is the correct father for Thomas. Below continue extracts from the Sneddon Notes.

Provided by Philippa Scarlett Edquist’s cousin Richard Sneddon, the notes are compiled from classified advertisements from the Sydney Morning Herald from 1939 to 1971.

This is the second extract provided from Richard Sneddon’s notes, and covers any Scarlett entries by Christian names from I-M. NOTES FROM CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTS IN THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD AND NEWCASTLE HERALD 1939-1971 COLLECTED BY RICHARD SNEDDON with some notes from other sources (Dates of events are as advertised in the newspapers) SCARLETT Inga Rosalind, born 19 June 1954, Mount Lawley, W.A., daughter of Grahame & Joyce (née Melville). “ Irene Dulcie (née Greatrex), Lithgow, died 1 November 1958 aged 58.

Married Ernest Edwin Scarlett Cooma 1924. “ James, French’s Forest, died 8 March 1961.

Widower of Ada. “ Janice Ursula, daughter of Constance Mary & late Wilfrid Lea-Scarlett, East Willoughby, engaged to Keith Paul Morel December 1957. — Albert George Francis Keep was born in County Meath, Ireland in 1917 the son of Sarah Scarlett and Albert George Keep.

Sarah Scarlett was born in 1895 at Castlepollard, County Westmeath, the daughter of John and Kate Small Scarlett.

Sarah met her husband, Albert, who was chauffeur at Castle Slane where she worked as a maid. Albert was quite young when his father was fatally wounded as he drove his employer’s car on Slane Castle business.

He was caught in crossfire between the Royal Irish Constabulary and Republicans in one of the frequent attacks on the police after the 1916 Rebellion.

After her husband’s untimely death, Sarah Scarlett Keep moved with her young son and daughter to England. By the time young Albert was in his early 20s the U.K.

And Europe were engulfed in war.

Albert was then serving with the Cambridgeshire Regiment.

On the 29th October 1941 the Regiment embarked on the long voyage to the Far East.

Albert’s 1st Battalion which formed part of the 25th Infantry Brigade landed on the Malaya Peninsula joining other British and Commonwealth forces. On 8th December 1941 the Japanese commenced their unexpected invasion of Malaya.

Throughout December and January the British and Commonwealth forces fought a bitter action against the elite Japanese regiment.

The Japanese were heavily supported by tanks and aircraft while the allied defenders faced a shortage of ammunition and supplies.

Finally forced to retreat back to the Island of Singapore they attempted to defend Singapore City.

It was there, the evening of 15th February 1942, General Percival signed the surrender of the British and Commonwealth forces. On February 12, 1942, in the final stages of defence, Lance Corporal Albert George Francis Keep was reported as missing in action.

Having no known grave he is commemorated on Column 57 of the Kranji Memorial, Singapore. Helen Graeser WHEN DOCTORS AGREE Beyond proven genetic links are there significant qualities shared by persons of the same surname? The careers and interests of two Scarlett contemporaries living at opposite ends of the world, both holding doctorates, one in Medicine, the other in Music, and each probably totally unaware of the existence of the other, seem to answer the question in the affirmative. Earle Parkhill Scarlett, M.D. (1896-1982), eldest of four children, was born in the village of High Bluff, Manitoba, on 27 June 1896, son of Rev.

Robert Arthur Scarlett, a Methodist minister, and Alma Edith Parkhill.

Ontario was the birthplace of his father and his paternal grandmother, Hannah Burkell, but his grandfather Edward Scarlett (1820-1895), a school inspector, was an emigrant from Cleenish Co.

Fermanagh, an Irish origin which points to a family connection, albeit distant, with Robert Dalley-Scarlett, Mus.D. (1887-1959), eldest of six children, born in Sydney, New South Wales 16 April 1887, son of Robert Campbell Scarlett and Emily Florence Hancock and grandson of George Scarlett (1841-1915) and Ann Devine from Liverpool, Lancs., natives of Co.

Cavan where George belonged among the family at Templeport.

The immediate backgrounds of both groups were tinged by sectarian violence and murder out of which grew the toleration and humanity of the two scholars, for Thomas Scarlett, a member of the Royal Irish Constabulary and brother of Dalley-Scarlett’s great-grandfather, Robert, perished at the hands of Fenians in Co.Clare in 1853 while Earle Scarlett’s great-grandfather, Edward, master of an Orange Lodge, died in 1829 from injuries received in an Orange-Catholic battle in Co.Fermanagh. Separated by eleven years and ten thousand miles, the two boys originally shared little, particularly in domestic environment where the turbulent marriage of Dalley-Scarlett’s parents contrasted vividly with the calm religious atmosphere in which Earle Scarlett was reared.

At the age of thirteen both boys crossed an educational divide, Earle Scarlett, described as a precocious youth, by entering Wesley College, Winnipeg, Dalley-Scarlett, no less precocious, by being removed from Sydney Grammar School as the result of an argument between his father and the school authorities.

Both had been introduced to classics and the piano by their parents but the Sydney boy, in whose early life every achievement was associated with violence, had already suffered ‘brain fever’ (a nervous breakdown ?) out of the odd gift of his father to mark his seventh birthday – lessons in Greek to supplement those in Latin already imposed on him.

It was a wonder that he maintained his love of the classics throughout his lifetime. From Wesley College Earle Scarlett passed to the University of Manitoba where he graduated in Arts before joining the Canadian army in 1916 and being posted immediately to France where he served as a machine-gunner until suffering gas poisoning in the following year.

Meanwhile Dalley-Scarlett, forced to acquire education by his own devices as his parents’ marriage headed towards judicial separation in 1906, had found clerical work which enabled him to pursue his hope of a career in music by paying for organ lessons from the Sydney City organist, Arthur Mason.

By 1916 the contrasts were more conspicuous than the comparisons with Earle Scarlett, for Dalley-Scarlett’s marriage, like that of his parents, was under stress although he had found a measure of fulfilment in being appointed organist of Grafton Cathedral on the north coast of New South Wales.

In that year he enlisted, being posted abroad with an infantry battalion destined for service in France, but physical frailty caused his appointment to the Army Pay Office in London where he saw out his service until repatriated in ill-health late in 1917.

His later claims to have been gassed in France, like Earle Scarlett, in 1917 were part of a harmless fiction in which he cloaked the frustration of those years. Recovered from gas poisoning, Earle Scarlett returned to the Front, only to be severely wounded in 1918 during fighting on the Hindenburg Line and sent off for treatment to an army hospital near Boulogne where his future career path opened when his father, by then an army chaplain, introduced him to two medical officers, Drs Harvey Cushing and Richard Cabot of Boston, leaders of modern medicine.

After demobilisation in 1919 he entered the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto and graduated M.B.

In 1924.

He was later to be awarded Honorary Doctorates of three universities – Toronto, Alberta and Calgary.

There now seemed to be little in common with his Australian relative whose return from the war in 1917 was followed shortly by the collapse of his marriage, whereas Earle Scarlett’s medical studies had brought him into contact with a young Arts student, Aleta Jean Odell, “my dear Jeannie”; their marriage in 1924 was followed by fifty-one years of fairytale-like happiness. The war had opened for Dalley-Scarlett a means of compensating in some degree for the early termination of his schooling as special matriculation examinations for ex-servicemen were offered by Australian universities and in this way he was able to enrol in Arts at the University of Queensland in 1920, taking courses in Latin, Greek, Logic and Psychology.

He did not persevere, however, as his commitments as a church organist and teacher in Brisbane, where he had arrived in the previous year, made tertiary studies impossible.

A few years later he enrolled as an external student at the University of Adelaide where he graduated Mus.Bac.

In 1926.

His career path as a professional musician and academic was now opening and in 1934 he received the degree Mus.Doc., again from the University of Adelaide, attracting much notice as Doctors of Music were rare in Australia at the time.

Shortly afterwards he was appointed Music Librarian, and in 1941 Director of Music, to the Australian Broadcasting Commission in Brisbane.

His private life also was content now as he had remarried in 1930 and in middle-age developed his philosophy of ‘Total Kindness’, similar to that articulated by Earle Scarlett: ‘The best way to face life is with the saving grace of humour, compassion, ceaseless curiosity, a love of beauty, a sense of comradeship and loyalty with all men, women and animals’. By 1930 Earle Scarlett could foresee his life’s work as in that year he was appointed to the Calgary Associate Clinic as a specialist physician and found through it the opening for medical history and journalism which were to make his name famous.

Stimulated by the presence of a good library in his father’s parsonage – he said that ‘from the time I was able to crawl, books had been one of the great stimuli of my life’ – he had begun writing seriously during school days at Wesley College when he edited the college journal.

Although the extent of the book collection in Dalley-Scarlett’s childhood home is unknown, thanks to the sale of most of that library after his mother’s death in 1929, his parents were both well educated and appreciated worthwhile literature, the result of which was that their son ultimately assembled one of the best specialised libraries in Australia.

For him, however, writing was essentially in the form of musical composition and arrangement until 1931 when he began to write a Brisbane page for the Australian Musical News, developing in it convictions such as his horror of the ‘Christmas Ritual Messiahs, like roast beef and plum pudding’ and the peddling of bogus diplomas, about which he later wrote elsewhere at greater length.

Thereafter he shared with Earle Scarlett the craze for writing which he described in apt classical terms as cacoethes scribendi.

Despite their large output of articles, both men produced only one monograph.

Dalley-Scarlett’s Handel’s Messiah: how can we realise the composer’s intentions?, which originally appeared as articles in The Canon in June and August 1952, was republished as a slim volume in Brisbane and again in America; Earle Scarlett’s In Sickness and in Health, less slim, a collection of highly polished essays on a variety of topics not always directly related to the medical profession, was published in Toronto in 1972. The voluminous literary output of both men upon not only professional matters but also a wide variety of scholarly side-interests reveals in both cases what the Queensland poet Ernest Briggs characterised in Dalley-Scarlett as ‘the unappeasable mind’.

The list of Earle Scarlett’s addresses, lectures and essays from 1924 to 1981 held among his papers by the Glenbow Museum, Calgary, runs to more than three hundred items ranging from ‘Medicine and Poetry’, ‘The medical profile of Dr Watson’, and ‘Oliver St John Gogarty – the Celt as physician’ to ‘The chief of the deadly sins: modern style’ and ‘Curious Wills’, ‘Thoughts on the present debate in education’ and ‘Symphonic music in Calgary’.

While there is no complete list of Dalley-Scarlett’s many published articles and radio talks from 1931 to 1959, those which have been identified encompass topics as diverse as ‘Concerning Psalters’, ‘Coronation Music and its Problems’, ‘Book browsing’ and ‘Master Tommy and the Prize Prig’ (a humorous attack on Thomas Day’s Sandford and Merton); to these must be added the list, again incomplete, of his musical compositions totalling more than 160. The two household libraries were not dissimilar.

In Calgary it was said that ‘His home bulged with literary works and books; they ringed his study and stacked his basement’, while in Brisbane the booklover modestly remarked ‘(It) occupies two large rooms …

Shelves on all four walls, with overflows onto the floor; small room under the house for things not often consulted, and …

Cupboard out in garage.’ It has been said of Earle Scarlett that his greatest love was music and that he was an authority on the works of Mozart, Bach and Handel, for the last of whom he claimed that ‘Music was running through his brain like a clear-flowing stream’, a sentiment which would have been heartily endorsed by his Australian counterpart whose promotion of Handel’s fame was best recognised by the award of the 1940 Halle Medal for Handel Research, a recognition of which he liked to comment that he was probably the only British subject to receive a German honour during wartime. (The medal did not arrive until after the cessation of hostilities but the civic authorities of Halle had not forgotten).

George Frederic Handel provided the point at which the absorptions of these two renascence men met total convergence. The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953 provided another convergence when Earle Scarlett received recognition in the award of a Coronation Medal by a grateful Canadian government.

For Dalley-Scarlett there was no such honour in Australia despite the purchase by the British Broadcasting Corporation of his programme of coronation music since Elizabeth I, a project which had occupied seventeen years of painstaking research and on which Dr A.E.

Floyd, organist of St Paul’s Cathedral, Melbourne, wrote to him ‘You ought to be made an F.S.A. …

I wonder who could be approached?’ It remained a matter for wonder, along with spiteful suggestions that he was a Communist and had gained musical degrees through subterfuge – trials not imposed on Earle Scarlett.

Against such rumours Dalley-Scarlett never sought to defend himself. The naming of the Dr E.P.

Scarlett High School in Calgary in 1971 was probably the greatest public recognition extended to the Canadian doctor.

In Australia there is no Dalley-Scarlett High School but there is a Dalley-Scarlett Scholarship in the University of Queensland while the Fisher Library of the University of Sydney counts among its greatest treasures the Dalley-Scarlett collection, amounting to about 25000 rare books and manuscripts, the gift of his widow.

Of that library Sir John Barbirolli remarked: ‘I have never seen anything like this outside the British Museum’.

It includes works in Latin, Greek, French, German, Russian, Italian, Spanish and Arabic, the last language taking his fancy so much that he used to delight in saying Arabic grace before meals. The magic of words captivated both men and they wrote and spoke with spontaneity and grace, the legacy of early exposure to the Authorised Version of the Bible and the exquisite English of the Collects.

On this matter Earle Scarlett wrote that ‘Words, in a very real sense, are things of the spirit, reflecting tradition, a way of life, wisdom, beauty, and the power to move us.

When we think of them in this way and go behind the scenes, we soon find that our speech is deeply embedded in the Bible, the Book of Common Prayer, and Shakespeare.’ Dalley-Scarlett coined a term, ‘croonatics’ to describe Bing Crosby and his followers; Earle Scarlett urged revival of the neglected term ‘mumpsimus’, necessitated, he claimed, by the growing tendency to defend vain causes.

Neither word made it to popular dictionaries, although mumpsimus is still to be found as an obsolete term in some larger works. The comparisons could be multiplied; the contrasts are few.

Perhaps there really are spiritual qualities inherited from our ancestors which bind us as firmly as DNA.

Let Earle Scarlett, warmly seconded by the spirit of his Australian kinsman, hint at the answer: “And where exactly do you stand?” –I might give you the splendidly penetrating and poetic reply attributed to an Irishman of genius: “On the periphery of chaos, like everyone else.” But thinking in terms of the philosophy, history and values …

I hope that I might add what might serve as a beacon in the midst of the chaos – not to forget that only in a humble awareness of the past, with its errors and triumphs, and a sensitiveness to high values, and a rendering to material power of not a jot more than belongs to it, is our hope for the future. [The valuable assistance of the following in the preparation of this article is warmly acknowledged: Mrs Helen Graeser (Center Moriches, New York), Mrs Philippa Scarlett Edquist (Canberra), Mr Jim Bowman (archivist, Glenbow Archives, Calgary).] THE QUEST My grandfather, Willie Scarlett (1876-1951), was a very tidy man with beautiful handwriting.

Among his effects was a little scrap of paper where he had written out his and his wife Margaret’s parents’ names: information he knew would be needed for a death certificate.

Unfortunately, his parents hadn’t done the same and their death certificates gave no clues to the earlier generation. That little scrap was my starting point in a quest for family history: William Scarlett and Jane Lockington.

One of my mother’s cousins fleshed it out a little more back in the 1970s, adding that they had come to New York from Cootehill “with two of his brothers, three of her sisters and a whole group of young people from the area, including their dear friends the Browns.” When I picked up these threads recently, I got lucky and found Helen Graeser, the American expert on the whole Scarlett family.

She told me that Jane and William were married at the Drung Church (near Cootehill, Cavan) on the 20th of July 1869; his father was Henry Scarlett and hers either David or John Lockington.

He was a groom, she a cook; and they worked at Corraskea.

I eventually found their marriage registration and understood the confusion.

The handwriting was terrible, but I could make out that her father was John and they worked at Cora-squiggle-squiggle – with some variation in just two lines! It took a trip to Belfast and the microfilm copy of the church register at PRONI (Public Record Office of Northern Ireland) to make the place out as Coravah-squiggle.

Now I’ve had teacher friends, experts on illegible handwriting, try to make it out and have read through the Cs in the Index to Townlands several times to wind up with no better idea of where they worked.

Duncan Scarlett (perhaps a tenth cousin?) found me at PRONI, took one look and was off and running to check that it must be Corravahan, the estate of the Rev.

Charles Leslie (an offshoot of the family from Castle Leslie where Paul McCartney was married recently), the Rector of Drung and landlord to some of the Lockingtons.

But then Corravahoy was also nearby …. And then I was sitting in Drung Parish Church on September 11th, mindful both of the young New York City Policeman cousin, John Rogers, who was injured responding to the World Trade Centre attack and of Jane and William and her parents Margaret Argue and John Lockington who were married there in 1869 and 1840.

I had already met an Argue and a Brown and was sitting where Peggy Lockington would have been had she not been visiting in Canada, thinking “it doesn’t get much better than this”.

Wrong. I had met the Rector, who now serves four parishes, as he flew in.

He welcomed me from the pulpit and then announced that, as it was European Heritage Week, the proceeds of a house tour of Corra-something would be donated to the Rectory Repair Fund.

Hadn’t Cecil Argue just pointed out George Argue’s tombstone and mentioned that he had been the steward at Corra-something? I didn’t have a car, but a new-met friend, Gerry Coyle of Cavan, agreed that we had to go for the tour – after Sunday dinner at her house. — SCARLETT LETTER VOL.2/NO 23 MAY 2006 EDITED/CO-ORDINATED by DUNCAN SCARLETT 30 DALBOYNE PARK, LISBURN CO.ANTRIM N.I.

BT28 3BU MARGARET SCARLETT QUONG TART A resolute woman The most daring venture of Margaret Scarlett was the carrying through of her determination to marry a Chinese.

To her belongs the double credit, still unchallenged, of being the first woman in the family to become the wife of a Mandarin and the first to publish a full-length biography of her husband.

Her determination took no little resolution one hundred and more years ago when attitudes to inter-racial marriages generally were disapproving and condemned a woman who might so commit herself to social oblivion. She was the daughter of George Scarlett, of the Templeport Scarlett group, and great-grand-daughter of Robert Scarlett and Mary Tubman from whom all of that connexion spring.

Her father was employed in the administrative division of the London and North-Western Railway Co.

And she was born at Peasley Cross, near St Helen’s, Lancs., on 29 August 1865, being christened shortly afterwards at nearby Parr Church.

Her early life was punctuated by frequent changes of residence, always in Lancashire and Cheshire, as her father made his way up in the service of the railway company, but Crewe and Edge Hill are the places best associated with those years.

At Edge Hill, site of the first railway platform in England and terminus of the Liverpool line until completion of the huge cuttings and tunnels which brought trains into the city at Lime-street, Margaret attended St Catharine’s Sunday School where at Christmas 1870, at the age of five, she was presented with a pocket New Testament.

Presumably, if she was not already a precocious reader, it was an investment in her future literacy.

It bears the signs of frequent reading and it is the earliest of her personal possessions surviving today.

By the age of fifteen she had qualified as a teacher in a Board School and when the family migrated to New South Wales in 1882 she went to stay with relatives, the Hyland family, in the Araluen Valley, about two-hundred miles south of Sydney, where she took charge of a school established by the Hylands for the benefit of settlers in the vicinity. Araluen was the site of one of the most profitable gold rushes in Australia and among those who made fortunes on the diggings was an enterprising young Chinese, Quong Tart, who had arrived on the goldfields at the age of nine and, being adopted into a Scottish family, soon spoke impeccable English with a Scots accent.

His fortunes progressed when an influential local family, owning the leases of large auriferous areas, took him into their home, saw to his education and endowed him with some very profitable leases on the diggings.

His fortune secure, he had left the district shortly before Margaret Scarlett’s arrival and established himself in Sydney as a tea merchant and proprietor of a chain of tea rooms and restaurants, the first ever seen in the city.

He became the friend of George Scarlett and as he frequently revisited the scenes of his childhood he soon met the young schoolmistress with whom a romantic attachment developed.

While the friendship of a personable and prosperous Chinese was welcome to George Scarlett, his acceptance as a son-in-law was out of the question and Margaret, who in due course returned to Sydney, realised that she would have to choose between her father and Quong Tart.

Equally determined as her strong-willed and domineering parent, she chose love and moved out of the family home shortly before her twenty-first birthday, on the day following which she and Quong Tart were married by a Presbyterian Minister at the home of a friend, the Attorney-General of New South Wales, Hon.

Jack Want..

Amid the festivity, someone had an eye to business for on the very eve of the wedding Quong Tart settled some of his worldly goods in trust on his fiancée.

They included land in the Sydney seaside suburb of Waverley on which stood his residence, called with an appropriately Scots touch Huntingtower, a quantity of household furniture and effects, and some shares in a silver mining company. The wedding created a sensation in Sydney.

Quong Tart was a handsome and popular young man, literate in both English and Chinese, enjoying wide friendships among all classes from the Governor downward at a time when popular acquaintance with Chinese was limited to coolies likely to be engaged in gambling and opium-smoking.

After a honeymoon in Victoria, where the newly married couple received a civic reception in Ballarat and their travels were described in a pamphlet published for the occasion – surely another ‘first’ –Quong Tart and his bride settled first at Huntingtower, where the eldest of their six children was born.

None of Margaret’s siblings had dared to attend the wedding and the invitation sent to her parents went unacknowledged while her enraged father destroyed the many gifts which he had received from his former friend, now his unwelcome son-in-law.

The clash between father and daughter was to continue for many years in the course of which some of her brothers and sisters were disowned for associating with Quong Tart and his wife while Margaret maintained clandestine contact with her mother through her sisters who managed to elude the vigilance of their father.

Even after more than a century there is a sense of adventure in the efforts, usually successful, of the young Scarletts to outwit their father.

They kept in touch with their disowned sister and the closeness of the three sisters was demonstrated in the giving of the names of all three to Maggie’s second daughter, Henrietta Isabella Margaret Tart (who was familiarly known as Ettie).

The brothers, however, all became estranged and a particularly unfortunate dispute engineered by the third brother, John, resulted in a permanent breach between the Tarts and George Scarlett junr.

Who up to that time was the real support among the younger generation.. It is difficult to assess the full range of a personality through pictures, and photographs, particularly before the popularising of the snapshot, are not a reliable indicator of a subject’s capacity for humour. (Only one or two of hundreds of photos of Queen Victoria, for instance, show her smiling).

Quong Tart and his wife were much photographed, but there survive only two informal photographs, in both of which Margaret smiles only wanly.

Perhaps there were unstated shadows across her life.

She was handsome rather than beautiful and being five or six inches taller than her husband (who was only about five feet tall), she was generally and wisely careful to pose seated with him. In 1890 they moved to Ashfield where their home, Gallop House, became well-known as the residence of the popular Chinese merchant.

It was there that their five younger children were born and there both parents died, Quong Tart in 1903 and his widow thirteen years later.

In 1893, the Illustrated Sydney News included Gallop House in a series on ‘Sydney Society Homes’, although only one paragraph in the article referred to the house. “The drawing-room opens out on a most beautifully fernery”, it commented, “in which is a large aquarium containing a remarkable collection of fish.

In front are well-kept lawns ornamented with beautiful flower-beds.

At the back and sides of the house there are plenty of fruit-trees and characteristic Australian foliage.” All this was the pride of the lady of the house, gladly indulged by her husband.

A photograph accompanying the article showed the front garden in which parents posed with their children while a gardener mowed the lawn, a nursemaid cared for a toddler and an uniformed domestic stood at a distance. There were always housemaids and nannies at Gallop House, leaving Margaret to attend to less demanding responsibilities although she shared little in the whirlwind of Quong Tart’s social engagements – any fete, sporting carnival or social event was guaranteed success if he agreed to attend and make one of the humorous speeches in which he excelled.

Unlike the practice of the present age, men in the public eye in those times were not expected to be accompanied by their wives, save at dinners.

Wives are all too easily viewed merely as reflections of their husbands and in the public mind this was Margaret’s role, augmented only by the interesting fact that she was an European who had defied convention by marrying a Chinese.

She made no attempt to preside over a fashionable salon but contented herself with the role of a late Victorian wife and mother, limiting her social contacts essentially to trusted relatives and friends because she must have had a sense of being regarded as a social curiosity.

Although she had a lively sense of humour she did not reveal it outside her trusted circle and suffered the injustice of being regarded as a poor counterpart of her husband.

That, at least, is revealed in the comment by the manageress of Quong Tart’s principal restaurant, The Élite Hall, that she could not understand how so pleasant a man could have chosen so disagreeable a wife. The children were encouraged by both parents to show appropriate accomplishments in music, singing, dancing and acting as well as in the usual school activities.

The eldest daughter, Vine, at the age of six attracted some notice as a juvenile dancer when a concert attended by over twenty visitors from Government House, including Lady Duff, wife of the Governor, Sir Robert Duff, was held at the Lyceum Theatre, Sydney, in November 1893.

Vine’s dancing then was said to be ‘simply marvellous for one so young’ and her teacher was well rewarded by a proud parent when Quong Tart stepped onto the stage at the end of the concert and presented her with a bouquet.

The little girl could provide a dance for any occasion and when she left with her parents for China the next year she danced ‘the Highland schottische in very good style , and was loudly applauded.’ Margaret twice visited China with her husband.

On the first occasion, a five-month stay from December 1888, she encountered predictable in-law trouble but not for a foreseeable reason.

In the home of her husband’s middle-class parents she happened to drop a handkerchief and when she bent down to retrieve it, rather than wait for a servant to do so, she was immediately rated by her mother-in-law as someone of common background.

On the occasion of the second visit in 1894 she was separated from her brothers and sisters for only the second time since their arrival in Australia twelve years previously and some of them were at the wharf to see her off.

She wrote from the ship to her brother George’s new wife, Jeannie, who with George was minding Gallop House during the family’s absence that Belle (Isabella, her sister) ‘did not like me going away – she broke down a wee bit, I could not see her off the boat or I would have made a fool of myself and having strangers to say goodbye to, I had to keep up.’ She added that she had heard that a big reception was planned for their return to Sydney in July but when that reception eventuated and was reported in the newspapers it precipitated another outburst from her enraged father.

George Scarlett junior had waited at the dock to greet the Tarts on their return from China, causing his father to insert in the newspaper a notice making it plain that he was not the George Scarlett reported as extending a welcome.

At that time, on 12 July 1894, George’s name was erased from the Family Bible by his enraged father, joining Margaret who had received the same treatment on the day of her marriage.

Another brother and sister, John and Belle, received slightly different treatment, in being merely disowned for life; Belle, however was reinstated in her father’s affections when she showed kindness to both aged parents towards the end of their lives. Margaret was an individual, a brave and determined one, who on occasion proved to be a force to be reckoned with.

She learnt to shoot before the second visit to China and thereafter she was always prepared to defend herself. ‘One thing I never forget’, she said, ‘and that is, never to go to bed without seeing that my revolver is ready.

I may forget to say my prayers but I never forget to see to my revolver’.

The resolution stood her in good stead when as a widow with a young family she was responsible for the security of Gallop House with all its Oriental treasures and, according to family belief, a chest full of money which, in common with many who had experienced the bank crash of 1893, she would not trust out of her keeping.

The fact that Quong Tart’s death had resulted from a murderous attack in his office simply strengthened her determination.

When tradesmen called for payment she would have two or three of the children sit on the edge of the box until she unlocked it, following which they were ordered from the room until being obliged to return when the box was to be locked again.

On three or four occasions she fired her revolver in order to scare suspected intruders until in 1910 there occurred an incident which was widely reported in the daily newspapers. The Ashfield Shooting Affair of May 1910 was described years later by Bruce Tart, aged seven at the time, youngest of Margaret’s children. “About midnight or 1 a.m.”, he said, “ a little poodle we had started barking very, very ferociously near the front door, so Mother woke us up.

We all went downstairs, Mother leading the way with a revolver.

My sister had a candle.

We got down to the entrance hall where the little dog was barking and all went to the front door.

My brother had a big stick.

My mother thought the burglars were in the lounge-room trying to steal the silver and ornaments.

I heard her say ‘They are not after the money.

They are after the ornaments.’ She decided to open the front door to give us a chance to run out or to let the burglars out. “It was a pretty miserable night and there was a light, a gas lamp, outside in the street.

As the trees swayed back and forwards we would get a bit of light.

Then it would be dark.

My sister had a bit of candle.

There wasn’t much to see by.

On the front doorstep there was what looked like a sack.

My mother said ‘Oh.

They have got out but have left the bag behind.’ My brother prodded the ‘bag’ with his stick, apparently felt that it was a human form and started to belabour it.

At last Mother turned round and said ‘Who are you? Speak up, or I’ll fire’ in a most dramatic manner.

She fired a shot, first into the garden, then another into this form.

Even then the form hardly moved.

Mother then dropped the revolver, went down on her knees and pulled at the sack.

It turned out to be an old woman, so this woman then got up.

The woman had mistaken the house and was taking shelter from the storm”.

The old woman was, in fact middle-aged and was no stranger.

She was Mrs Martha McMurtrie who had been their neighbour for twenty years until a recent move from Ashfield.

Why she was wandering about in the small hours during a storm has never been discovered; nor was peace advanced within the family by the fact that Mrs McMurtrie was the mother-in-law of Margaret’s brother, George Scarlett.

Fortunately, the victim quickly recovered in hospital and no action was taken against Margaret.

Times have changed! The recent efforts of revisionist historians to cast Quong Tart as an un-European political figure and even to depict his wife as a would-be Chinese have produced little evidence, even of a flimsy description, to support the theory.

True, Margaret (seated) was photographed in Chinese costume with her husband (standing) when he was appointed by the Chinese Emperor as a Mandarin of the Fifth Rank in 1888, but that had no significance beyond the immediate occasion.

Properly, but with little success, she encouraged her children to be conscious of their background, both English and Chinese, and a letter written in October 1913 to her elder son when he reached his majority reveals her hopes. “I have an idea that this will reach you on or about the 15th, your birthday”, she wrote. “I wish you a very pleasant day and if you continue as good a son and brother as you have been up to the age of 21, I am certain you will fulfil my fervent wish and become a great success and quite a living monument to the name of Quong Tart.

How very delighted Dad would have been to have been able to present you with the pin and tie he bought for you at David Jones on your 1st birthday, now on your 21st.

It would not do for us if we could see all that is to take place years ahead, and that really is why the future is wisely hidden from us.

The only thing is to live as good a life as we ought and try to prosper well with our occupation and make life for ourselves and those belonging to us as comfortable as we can.” Darkened as her marriage was by her father’s disapproval and the absence of her siblings, Margaret still found amusement in the reflection that, having begun as a Scarlett woman, she had now become a Tart.

She had, in fact, a lively sense of humour and she shared many a joke with her sisters, especially when she noticed that Belle’s hair was turning grey and, deciding that she was too young to have grey hair, concocted a dye which succeeded in turning it green! She attempted a light touch at one point in the manuscript of her Life of Quong Tart, first published in 1911 and republished in 2003, when she described herself in the words of a popular music hall song as ‘A Lassie from Lancashire’ but the humourless Congregationalist minister who read the manuscript deleted the description, reducing it to ‘Miss Margaret Scarlett of Liverpool’.

That biography, interesting as it has proved to be for almost one hundred years, is little more than a cut and paste effort in which she relied on the collection of newspaper cuttings which she had amassed and simply connected them with brief snatches of text.

Above all, although its subtitle is ‘How a Foreigner succeeded in a British Community’ that point is certainly not explained. In her last years there was the opportunity for a return visit to England with her daughter, Maggie, who had shown skill as a pianist.

Programmes of Maggie’s Sydney recitals, however, suggest that she confined her skill to undemanding works such as would not have been welcomed at the Wigmore Hall.

In fact there was probably no London recital at all and the visit was not prolonged. Margaret Tart’s life was ended by cancer which appeared to have been caused by a fall.

She suffered a good deal in the course of that illness but she remained at Gallop House with her younger children.

She confessed that one night she felt so ill that she believed that death was imminent but rather than worry her children she smoothed the coverings of her bed and composed herself so that she would appear to have died calmly.

Her state of mind was not helped by the deaths of her father and mother in 1915 and the absence of her son, Arthur, on war service.

She died on 27 July 1916. Errol Scarlett CORRECTIONS ● From J.E.L.

Scarlett Allow me to make a slight correction to my article on Dame Charlotte Anne Scarlett which appeared in the issue for May 2005. When in Brighton recently, I visited St Paul’s Church in order to examine the memorial windows more closely and I discovered that those in the narthex are eight, uniformly spaced but divided between two memorials.

All are by Kempe, as mentioned, but the four on the right-hand side which are Dame Charlotte’s memorials, take as their subjects women saints.

Those featuring Ss Thomas More and John Fisher belong not in the Scarlett memorial but in the group installed ‘In Memory of a much loved Sister/ M.C./ Died Sep 6 1888’.

The identity of this lady seems now to be forgotten but it does not appear that there was any connection between the two women apart from the fact that they died in the same year. — Francis Scarlett of Hartford, Connecticut, born 1932: Private First Class Infantry: killed in action 31 May 1951 Floyd H.

Scarlett of Indiana, Private First Class Infantry, 24th Infantry Division: wounded by missile 1 Sept. 1950, died 1 Oct. 1950 James L.

Scarlett of Tennessee, Sergeant: wounded in action by a missile 5 Sept 1950, died 20 Sept. MARKE SKARLET, ULSTER PLANTATION SETTLER, CO.

ARMAGH At the Ulster Plantation, circa 1609, King James I granted an estate of three thousand acres in the area around the village of Loughgall in the Barony of Onealane [sic], County Armagh, to Lord Saye of Charlbury, Oxfordshire.

Saye sold the estate, comprising the two manors of Derrycreevy and Drumilly, in 1611 to Sir Anthony Cope,who lived about fifteen miles distant at Hanwell Castle, Oxfordshire.

There is no record of Cope making a visit to Ireland prior to his death in 1630/1.

He indicated, some years after the purchase, his intention to divide the estate into two parts and give one to each of his two sons, but he was named as the undertaker, ie owner, of the estate at the 1630 Muster. Each undertaker was required by the conditions attached to the royal grant, to bring British [ie English or Scottish] settlers to his estate, build a bawn or castle in which settlers could take shelter in times of emergency and to hold biannual musters at which each able-bodied male settler had to be present with ‘armes’ in order to be ready to defend the settlement from ‘woodkerne’, native Irish seeking to regain the lands they had lost at the Plantation.

One hundred and fifty five settlers, all bearing distinctively English surnames, are recorded in the muster of Cope’s tenants, one of whom was Marke Skarlet. There are no extant records naming the places in Britain where the tenants had lived in England or the year during which they arrived in Ulster so Marke, and probably his family, may have been brought to Ulster by either Saye or, more likely, Cope, both of whose estates in Oxfordshire were not far from the county boundary with Warwickshire.

Apart from the locations of the estate there are two other reasons which suggest that Marke may have come from that area.

Research, carried out by philologists in north County Armagh in the 1980s, established that the language in use in the area bore identifiable resemblances in syntax and pronunciation to the language of the Warwickshire area in Tudor England.

Armagh is also known as the ‘Orchard County’ because of the apple growing recorded in the area since the seventeenth century.

It seems likely that those original settlers brought skills and perhaps the plants from the Avon Valley where apple growing was important. Unfortunately the 1630 Muster Roll of Co.

Armagh, which is the only extant muster roll of the county, does not include the townland addresses of the tenants.

The only other early records of Loughgall Parish are incomplete – the Hearth Money Roll of the parish, 1664-5, does not include all townlands and the 1766 Religious Census contains totals only with no names – and have no record of Marke or his descendants so it is most unlikely that we will ever know where Marke and his family lived.

The Tithe Applotment Books, circa 1830, of the county list only one tenant of the surname Scarlett in the county.

In 1832, David Scarlett was the tenant of a thirteen acre farm at the townlands of Corporation and Mullynure in Grange Parish, which adjoins Loughgall, but there are some records which suggest that his family may have been from County Cavan.

The absence of the name Scarlett in the long list of farmers in Loughgall and Grange Parishes receiving the Flax Growers Premium in 1796 further supports, although not conclusively, the view that David was not a descendant of Marke Skarlet. Farming was apparently not David’s main occupation as he was described in 1826, in the report of a government inquiry concerning the provision of education in Ireland, as the ‘Master of the Model School’ in the cathedral city of Armagh, where his wife was ‘Mistress’ of the school.

They had been appointed to those posts at some time after 1819 when the school opened.

Their first son, Richard, was baptised at Drumgoon Parish Church, Cootehill, Co.Cavan in 1805.

The forename David was found in some records of the Bailieborough, Co.Cavan, Scarlett family and also the Galloon family in Fermanagh but he did not belong to the latter family group.

By 1852 they had retired and were residing at Middletown, some miles south of Armagh. It is possible that Marke died of natural causes but the absence of descendants in later records suggests that he and his family may have been victims of the 1641 Rebellion and its aftermath.

This revolt by the native Irish who had been dispossessed of their land at the plantation, was the realisation of the fears of the settlers that lay behind the building of bawns and the musters.

The rebels seized control of central Ulster and although restrained initially they fell eventually upon the small and isolated settler communities with the merciless ferocity typical of religious wars of the period.

Many settlers, particularly those with means of transport, fled to the east coast ports and took ship back to the mainland but many did not survive the onslaught. O’Cahan, the rebel leader in the North Armagh area, who was responsible for the well documented drowning of over eighty settlers, men, women and children, in the River Bann at Portadown, is known to have been in the Loughgall area prior to the massacre.

There was further serious trouble around Loughgall in 1642 when a Scottish army under Monroe came to relieve the surviving settlers.

Three years later that army was heavily defeated by an Irish army in a battle a few miles away at Benburb and the area remained turbulent until a Cromwellian army, under Venables, brutally suppressed all Irish opposition by 1653 and also that of some settlers who had remained loyal to the executed Charles I.

It seems probable that Marke and his family perished in the violence in north County Armagh at some time between 1641 and 1653. Duncan Scarlett SOME IRISH RECORDS CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS relating to IRELAND, 1642-1659 p.80.

Israel Scarlett of Great St.

Helen’s Parish, London, by his will dated 25 September 1651 bequeathed to his sons Nathaniel and John and to his daughter Elizabeth his shares in the Irish adventure in equal shares.

Will proved 22 October 1651.

Israel Scarlett, basketmaker. p.347.

Land was allocated by drawing of lots.

Israel’s lot in the North West Quarter of Maryborough Barony in Queen’s County was assigned to Nathaniel, John and Elizabeth. [Ed.

Queen’s Co.

Was designated a county in 1557 with Maryborough as the county/administrative town.

Both were named after the Tudor Queen Mary (1553-1558).

Together with King’s Co., it was the location of a Tudor Plantation scheme.

The county and county town were renamed Laois and Port Laois, respectively, in 1922 after the formation of the Irish Free State.] Glenelly Meeting House [ie Presbyterian Church] Register [in Ardstraw Civil Parish] Marriage – 12 January 1831, Thomas Edwards to Elizabeth Scarlet [sic]. As usual in registers of that period, the addresses and names of father were not given.

Thomas was a member of the Edwards family who lived at Garvetreagh townland in Ardstraw Parish.

The nearest Scarlett family was at Drumragh [Omagh]. First Dungannon Presbyterian Church Register [in Drumglass Civil Parish] John Gilmour, son of Thomas Gilmour and Esther Scarlett, born 22 June 1830, baptised 4 July 1830.

No address was stated on the register. Killashandra Church of Ireland Parish Register Burial – 22 April 1861, John William Scarlett, of Portlongfield, aged 9. DS. — SCARLET, Margaret 1826 Ireland Wife Liverpool Lancashire SCARLETT, David A 1819 Armagh, Ireland Visitor Liverpool Lancashire SCARLETT, John 1796 Dublin, Ireland Head Stratford le Bow Middlesex SCARLETT, John 1827 Ireland Lodger Willington Durham SCARLETT, Letitia M. 1827 Armagh, Ireland Visitor Liverpool Lancashire SCARLETT, Sarah 1830 Kerry, Ireland Servant Woodford Essex SCARLETT, Thomas 1784 Ireland Head Sheffield Yorkshire SCARLOTT, Charles 1811 Ireland Lodger Christchurch Spitalfields Middlesex SCURLETT, Ann 1787 Ireland Lodger Sculcoates Yorkshire There can be little doubt that David and Letitia Scarlett, visitors to Liverpool, were the ‘Master and Mistress of the Model School, Armagh’ [see article above on Marke Skarlet] but their approximate years of birth as stated on the 1851 Census Index are incorrect.

They are the only couple named David and Letitia in 19th century Scarlett records found in Co.

Armagh or elsewhere in Ireland.

Other records found show that David died at Middletown, Co.Armagh, in 1855 aged approximately 72 and Letitia died there in 1865 aged 80. D.S. JUDGE JAMES HARVEY ANGLIN SCARLETT Judge James Harvey Anglin (Jim) Scarlett who died on 25 June 2005 aged eighty-one years and six months was the only child of an artillery officer, Lieutenant-Colonel James Alexander Scarlett, and Muriel Blease of Liverpool.

He was the grandson of Rev.

James Williams Scarlett, Rector of Rossington, Yorkshire, great-grandson of James Williams Scarlett of Gigha and great-great-grandson of Sir William Anglin Scarlett (1777-1831), Chief Justice of Jamaica. Jim was less than two years old when his father died in December 1925 and his early life centred on his mother and his aunt, Florence Mary Scarlett, who had married Gordon Locksley Salt, grandson of Sir Titus Salt, the industrialist made famous by his introduction of alpaca wool and as founder of the model village of Saltaire, near Bradford.

Yorkshire was in his blood and he never lost his love for the boyhood scenes and adventures which belonged there. “I spent many a holiday on my uncle’s farm near Doncaster”, he recalled. “He was a naturalist as well as a farmer and cared for animals both in the wild and on his farm.

His brother, a schoolmaster and headmaster of Aysgarth School in Wensleydale, was a friend of Archibald Thorburn the painter of birds, and his house had many of Thorburn’s paintings.

Perhaps some of his care for animals has come to me.” From Florence Salt who collected family papers and had drafted a pedigree of the Jamaican Scarletts the boy acquired an interest in family history and he carefully guarded the documents which he ultimately inherited from her.

He was sent to Shrewsbury School, strong in classics and rowing but less so in Rugby which had been denounced by a former headmaster as a game ‘only fit for butcher-boys’, but being of athletic build he found a delight in hiking which remained one of his prime interests until sickness in the last years of his life turned him into an invalid.

Of his schooling he remarked: “I have not had, at any stage of my education, any real training in the skills of a historian; I am not sure that the study of Greek and Latin really equips one for research, and my recent years at what might be described as the ‘coal face’ of the legal system have not sharpened my mental equipment for research of any kind”. From Shrewsbury he proceeded to Christ Church College, Oxford (where he managed to find a place in the 2nd VIII crew), graduated as M.A.

And, pursuing law as his profession, was called to the bar of the Inner Temple in 1950.

Meanwhile he was commissioned as lieutenant in an artillery regiment in 1943 and spent five years as a military officer, including a period with the British Army in India.

Recalling his twenty-first birthday (27 January 1945), he wrote: “I kept quiet, as I was on a troopship in the Indian Ocean and that is not the best of settings for a celebration.

However, going to India and being posted to a Mountain Artillery Battery of the Indian Army, stationed in Waziristan and subsequently at the head of the Khyber Pass has been something which I have celebrated ever since.

We operated in what were known then as the Tribal Territories, where the rule of law did not run, but where a century’s experience had established an effective shield for the fertile land beside the Indus.

Those nine months in a very distinguished unit of the Indian Army gave me both admiration and affection for the soldiers with whom I grew up.

I have memories of dry, very hot, mountainous country, hardly supporting a very poor but proud population, and how clearly that fits today’s pictures of the people of Afghanistan who must long for peace and an end to centuries-old conflicts.” From 1955 to 1958 he returned to the East to take up a colonial appointment in the Malayan Civil Service, including eighteen months as a District Officer near Malacca.

He maintained contact with his old associates from India and Malaya, recounting in 1994 an amusing incident when in London he attended the annual dinner of the Mountain Artillery: “Sitting next to someone with white hair and a white moustache, I supposed him to be much older than I was.

But he told me that he joined the regiment in 1947; that was the year I left the Army!” Back in England as a barrister, he was appointed to the Northern Circuit but occasionally was called upon to appear in the Crown Court at Mold, in the Wales and Chester Circuit, where he confessed that he found little success in addressing juries of Welshmen.

That self-criticism was not shared by the authorities and in 1972 he was appointed a Recorder of the Crown Court and two years later became a circuit court judge, spending most of his time on the Northern Circuit and continuing to act as a replacement on the bench after formal retirement in 1989. At the Scarlett gathering in Sloane Gardens, London, in 1991 and at the Reunion at Jackson Hole, Wyoming, several years later, he was a prominent and popular figure, enjoying the opportunity of meeting others of his name.

At Jackson Hole, although in his seventies, he took the opportunity of joining a white-water rafting excursion and was enthusiastic in describing the pleasure of the experience.

From there he went on to Canada to spend a holiday with his cousins at New Westminster, near Vancouver.

In 2000 he was able to make a last Canadian visit, but this time his activities were more sedate because in the mid-1990s he began to suffer heart problems which were at first relieved but deteriorated so that early in 1999 he entered the London Bridge Hospital for two coronary bypasses.

His athleticism never returned and in the last year of his life he commented that he felt like a lion on a chain. Far from his beloved Yorkshire, Jim made his final home in Kent, at Chilmington Green in the parish of Great Chart near Ashford.

Little Netters, the setting of his retirement, consisted of an ancient stone barn onto which a spacious modern house had been built, the barn with its cathedral-style roof providing an excellent environment for the library which was both his joy and his final consolation.

His books spoke of a diverse taste in literature, ranging from the frivolous stories of Nancy Mitford and the detective novels of P.D.

James to travel, religion and antiquarian interests, including three volumes of Vere Oliver’s Caribbeana, a bibliographic rarity, and a long eighteenth and nineteenth-centuries run of The Gentleman’s Magazine.

His London club, the Athenæum, its classical ambience perfect for an Old Salopian, provided a perfect setting with its booklined reception rooms and the antique ticker-tape machine under the staircase churning out the latest news on long strips of paper which, while they provided relief from intrusive mobile telephones, television broadcasts and radio talkbacks, proved so awkward to read. He had the gift of being able to put others at their ease, listening carefully rather than promoting his own ideas, but it would be a crude distortion to attribute to him the common touch, for there was nothing common about him.

Rather, it was his humanity that allowed him to reach out to all sorts and conditions of men.

He wrote as he spoke, with precision, clarity and elegance, and it is to be regretted that he seems not to have set down the record of his eventful career and experiences. His interests in religion led him to admiration of the writing of John Hapgood, former Archbishop of York, and of the voluminous output of Dr Rowan Williams, the present Archbishop of Canterbury.

Equally significantly, his proximity to Canterbury drew him towards the Cathedral where he developed a close friendship with Margaret Pawley, widow of a former Archdeacon of Canterbury.

Both she and her husband had played leading roles in Anglican-Roman Catholic relations, co-operating in authorship of an important work on the subject, and in her widowhood she continued that interest, publishing in 1993 her monumental Faith and Family, a study of the career of Ambrose Phillips de Lisle, a significant early figure in the Oxford Movement.

Perhaps the friendship of Margaret Pawley, along with the earlier influence of his mother and aunt, disposed him to accept uncomplainingly the decision to ordain women as priests in the Church of England.

He followed on both radio and television the proceedings in the General Synod when the question was opened, commenting on the very high standard of debate and predicting the necessity for a considerable period of reflection.

In that period, in the Spring of 1993, he joined an ecumenical pilgrimage from Canterbury to the Benedictine Abbey of Bec, in Normandy, which had nurtured three early Archbishops of Canterbury.

As it was the nine hundredth anniversary of the enthronement of Saint Anselm, particular point was given by the presence of the Abbot and Community and by the quality of the music which Jim rated among the loveliest that he had ever heard. His strong faith expressed itself particularly in the occasional reflection which he committed to paper. “Advent is such a marvellous season”, he once wrote. “I read over and over again T.S.

Eliot’s poem The Journey of the Magi with its message of the powers of earthly kingdoms searching and finding the Child whom they sought, and then returning to their kingdoms which they found unwelcoming.” He has completed his journey and we may hope, in words which were very familiar to him, that he … arrived at evening, not a moment too soon Finding the place; it was (you may say) satisfactory. Errol Scarlett He was educated at Sydney Grammar School, took lessons in the organ from Arthur Mason, was appointed cathedral organist in Grafton and subsequently organist of St Andrew’s Church, Brisbane, where he became the first Australian-born recipient of the degree of Mus.

Doc.

His cultural interests were wide and he had a nodding acquaintance with a number of languages, including Arabic, in which he delighted to say Grace before Meals; on A.B.C.

Radio in Brisbane he interviewed Ninon Vallin in French and members of the Vienna Boys’ Choir in German.

He wrote extensively and engagingly, usually on musical subjects, and amassed a particularly valuable library which is now a special collection within the Fisher Library in the University of Sydney.

As a popular figure in Brisbane he lived very happily with his second wife until his death in 1959. PAGE PAGE 252 Scarlett Letter PAGE PAGE 257 Scarlett Letter — the best is under ground!! by Doris Ricks of Ashtabula, Ohio 1997 sent by Ruth Scarlett Muir Ashfield has celebrated the fascinating life of Quong Tart – an Inner West resident held in the highest esteem across Australia, the friend of prime ministers and railway signalmen.

Almost a century since his death, an $8000 bronze bust of the charismatic Chinese immigrant was unveiled at the weekend by his grandchildren, Ian Tart and Sharon Rorke. The commemorative project, symbolic of the contribution and success of immigrants, was spearheaded by Ashfield councillor Spencer Wu with the support of the West Region Chinese Association and Ashfield Council. “It was a good gesture of multiculturalism and harmony, because throughout his life he integrated with mainstream Australia.” Cr Wu said. Ian Tart told the Courier his grandfather’s story was the tale of a man ahead of his time.

In the late 1800s, journalists listened to Tart’s visionary push to export commodities to China and he campaigned extensively against the “evil influence” of the importation of opium.

He was known for his philanthropic ways, friendly outgoing manner, his love of sports and horseracing, and his incredible ease among all walks of life. Ian Tart still has the “unbelievable” intricate, handpainted document, signed by the NSW governor, members of parliament and judges, wishing his grandfather a prosperous trip to China in 1894. “He astounded them all when he turned up in China in a European suit and shirt,” Mr Tart said.

Ashfield railway staff also gave him a farewell letter, signed by everyone from the stationmaster to the signalman. In 1859, Tart, aged nine years, immigrated to Australia from China with his uncle.

He lived with an Australian family near the Braidwood goldfields, where he made his fortune and discovered his love of Scottish songs and dancing (while wearing a kilt, of course).

Whenever there was a problem, he acted as mediator and interpreter between the Chinese and European population, and built a church and school for the goldminers. In 1886, he married an Englishwoman called Margaret Scarlett.

They had four daughters and two sons, and moved to Ashfield in 1890.

He established his famous fine high tea dining rooms in King Street and the newly opened Queen Victoria Building (QVB) in 1898 which became the place to be seen. In August 1902, a robber wielding an iron bar attacked Tart in his QVB office.

Tart never fully recovered and died at his home in July 1903.

A huge funeral procession moved from his Arthur Street home to Ashfield station, where 1500 people took the train to Rookwood Cemetery to farewell one of Ashfield’s most fascinating and respected citizens. Ashfield and District Historical Society president Chris Pratten said Tart’s local homes in King, Arthur and Shepherd streets provided a significant physical connection to the past. “The memorial should help stimulate in Ashfield’s growing Chinese community an interest in the contribution made to Australia’s history and culture by one of their countrymen over 100 years ago,” Mr Pratten said.

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