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Screw dock

Scree, n.

Def.: A pebble; a stone; also, a heap of stones or rocky débris. [Prov.

Eng.] Southey. Screech, v.

I. [imp. & p.

P. Screeched (?); p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Screeching.] Etym. [Also formerly, scritch, OE. skriken, skrichen, schriken, of Scand.

Origin; cf.

Icel. skr to shriek, to screech, skr to titter, Sw. skrika to shriek, Dan. skrige; also Gael. sgreach, sgreuch, W. ysgrechio, Skr. kharj to creak.

Cf. Shriek, v., Scream, v.] Def.: To utter a harsh, shrill cry; to make a sharp outcry, as in terror or acute pain; to scream; to shriek. \’bdThe screech owl, ‘screeching’ loud.\’b8 Shak. Screech, n.

Def.: A harsh, shrill cry, as of one in acute pain or in fright; a shriek; a scream.
Screech bird

, Screech thrush

(Zool.), the fieldfare; — so called from its harsh cry before rain.
Screech rain

.
Screech hawk

(Zool.), the European goatsucker; — so called from its note. [Prov.

Eng.] —
Screech owl

. (Zool.) (a) A small American owl (Scops asio), either gray or reddish in color. (b) The European barn owl.

The name is applied also to other species. Screechers, n.

Pl. (Zool.) Def.: The picarian birds, as distinguished from the singing birds. Screechy, a.

Def.: Like a screech; shrill and harsh. Screed, n.

Etym. [Prov.

E., a shred, the border of a cap.

See Shred.] 1. (Arch.) (a) Def.: A strip of plaster of the thickness proposed for the coat, applied to the wall at intervals of four or five feet, as a guide. (b) Def.: A wooden straightedge used to lay across the plaster screed, as a limit for the thickness of the coat. 2. Def.: A fragment; a portion; a shred. [Scot.] Screed, n.

Etym. [See 1st Screed.

For sense 2 cf.

Also Gael. sgread an outcry.] 1. Def.: A breach or rent; a breaking forth into a loud, shrill sound; as, martial screeds. 2. Def.: An harangue; a long tirade on any subject. The old carl gae them a screed of doctrine; ye might have heard him a mile down the wind. Sir W.

Scott. Screen, n.

Etym. [OE. scren, OF. escrein, escran, F. écran, of uncertain origin; cf.

G. schirm a screen, OHG. scrim, scern a protection, shield, or G. schragen a trestle, a stack of wood, or G. schranne a railing.] 1. Def.: Anything that separates or cuts off inconvience, injury, or danger; that which shelters or conceals from view; a shield or protection; as, a fire screen. Your leavy screens throw down. Shak. Some ambitious men seem as screens to princes in matters of danger and envy. Bacon. 2. (Arch.) Def.: A dwarf wall or partition carried up to a certain height for separation and protection, as in a church, to separate the aisle from the choir, or the like. 3. Def.: A surface, as that afforded by a curtain, sheet, wall, etc., upon which an image, as a picture, is thrown by a magic lantern, solar microscope, etc. 4. Def.: A long, coarse riddle or sieve, sometimes a revolving perforated cylinder, used to separate the coarser from the finer parts, as of coal, sand, gravel, and the like. <-- 5.

A netting, usu.

Of metal, contained in a frame, used mostly in windows or doors to allow in fresh air while excluding insects.

Screen door, a door of which half or more is composed of a screen.

Screen window, a screen fitted for insertion into a window frame. 6.

The surface of an electronic device, as a television set or computer monitor, on which a visible image is formed.

The screen is frequently the surface of a cathode-ray tube containing phosphors excited by the electron beam, but other methods for causing an image to appear on the screen are also used, as in flat-panel displays. 7.

The motion-picture industry; motion pictures.

A star of stage and screen. –> Screen, v.

T. [imp. & p.

P. Screened (?); p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Screening.] 1. Def.: To provide with a shelter or means of concealment; to separate or cut off from inconvience, injury, or danger; to shelter; to protect; to protect by hiding; to conceal; as, fruits screened from cold winds by a forest or hill. They were encouraged and screened by some who were in high comands. Macaulay. 2. Def.: To pass, as coal, gravel, ashes, etc., through a screen in order to separate the coarse from the fine, or the worthless from the valuable; to sift. <-- 3.

To examine a group of objects methodically, to separate them into groups or to select one or more for some purpose.

As — (a), To inspect the qualifications of candidates for a job, to select one or more to be hired. (b) (Biochem., Med) To test a large number of samples, in order to find those having specific desirable properties; as, to screen plant extracts for anticancer agents. –> Screenings, n.

Pl.

Def.: The refuse left after screening sand, coal, ashes, etc. Screw, n.

Etym. [OE. scrue, OF. escroue, escroe, female screw, F. écrou, L. scrobis a ditch, trench, in LL., the hole made by swine in rooting; cf.

D. schroef a screw, G. schraube, Icel. skr.] 1. Def.: A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation, having a continuous rib, called the ‘thread’, winding round it spirally at a constant inclination, so as to leave a continuous spiral groove, between one turn and the next, — used chiefly for producing, when revolved, motion or pressure in the direction of its axis, by the sliding of the threads of the cylinder in the grooves between the threads of the perforation adapted to it, the former being distinguished as the ‘external’, or ‘male screw’, or, more usually the ‘screw’; the latter as the ‘internal’, or ‘female screw’, or, more usually, the ‘nut’. 2. Def.: Specifically, a kind of nail with a spiral thread and a head with a nick to receive the end of the screw-driver.

Screws are much used to hold together pieces of wood or to fasten something; — called also wood screws, and screw nails.

See also Screw bolt, below. 3. Def.: Anything shaped or acting like a screw; esp., a form of wheel for propelling steam vessels.

It is placed at the stern, and furnished with blades having helicoidal surfaces to act against the water in the manner of a screw.

See Screw propeller, below. 4. Def.: A steam vesel propelled by a screw instead of wheels; a screw steamer; a propeller. 5. Def.: An extortioner; a sharp bargainer; a skinflint; a niggard. Thackeray. 6. Def.: An instructor who examines with great or unnecessary severity; also, a searching or strict examination of a student by an instructor. [Cant, American Colleges] 7. Def.: A small packet of tobacco. [Slang] Mayhew. 8. Def.: An unsound or worn-out horse, useful as a hack, and commonly of good appearance. Ld.

Lytton. 9. (Math.) Def.: A straight line in space with which a definite linear magnitude termed the ‘pitch’ is associated (cf. 5th Pitch, 10 (b)).

It is used to express the displacement of a rigid body, which may always be made to consist of a rotation about an axis combined with a translation parallel to that axis. 10. (Zool.) Def.: An amphipod crustacean; as, the skeleton screw (Caprella).

See Sand screw, under Sand.
Archimedes screw

,
Compound screw

,
Foot screw

, etc. See under Archimedes, Compound, Foot, etc.
A screw loose

, something out of order, so that work is not done smoothly; as, there is a screw loose somewhere. H.

Martineau. —
Endless

, perpetual screw

, a screw used to give motion to a toothed wheel by the action of its threads between the teeth of the wheel; — called also a worm.
Lag screw

. See under Lag.
Micrometer screw

, a screw with fine threads, used for the measurement of very small spaces.
Right and left screw

, a screw having threads upon the opposite ends which wind in opposite directions.
Screw alley

. See Shaft alley, under Shaft.
Screw bean

. (Bot.) (a) The curious spirally coiled pod of a leguminous tree (Prosopis pubescens) growing from Texas to California.

It is used for fodder, and ground into meal by the Indians. (b) The tree itself.

Its heavy hard wood is used for fuel, for fencing, and for railroad ties. —
Screw bolt

, a bolt having a screw thread on its shank, in distinction from a ‘key bolt’.

See 1st Bolt, 3. —
Screw box

, a device, resembling a die, for cutting the thread on a wooden screw.
Screw dock

. See under Dock.
Screw engine

, a marine engine for driving a screw propeller.
Screw gear

. See Spiral gear, under Spiral.
Screw jack

. Same as Jackscrew.
Screw key

, a wrench for turming a screw or nut; a spanner wrench.
Screw machine

. (a) One of a series of machines employed in the manufacture of wood screws. (b) A machine tool resembling a lathe, having a number of cutting tools that can be caused to act on the work successively, for making screws and other turned pieces from metal rods.
Screw pine

(Bot.), any plant of the endogenous genus Pandanus, of which there are about fifty species, natives of tropical lands from Africa to Polynesia; — named from the spiral arrangement of the pineapple-like leaves.
Screw plate

, a device for cutting threads on small screws, consisting of a thin steel plate having a series of perforations with internal screws forming dies.
Screw press

, a press in which pressure is exerted by means of a screw.
Screw propeller

, a screw or spiral bladed wheel, used in the propulsion of steam vessels; also, a steam vessel propelled by a screw.
Screw shell

(Zool.), a long, slender, spiral gastropod shell, especially of the genus Turritella and allied genera.

See Turritella. —
Screw steamer

, a steamship propelled by a screw.
Screw thread

, the spiral which forms a screw.
Screw stone

(Paleon.), the fossil stem of an encrinite.
Screw tree

(Bot.), any plant of the genus Helicteres, consisting of about thirty species of tropical shrubs, with simple leaves and spirally twisted, five-celled capsules; — also called twisted-horn, and twisty.
Screw valve

, a stop valve which is opened or closed by a screw.
Screw worm

(Zool.), the larva of an American fly (Compsomyia macellaria), allied to the blowflies, which sometimes deposits its eggs in the nostrils, or about wounds, in man and other animals, with fatal results.
Screw wrench

. (a) A wrench for turning a screw. (b) A wrench with an adjustable jaw that is moved by a screw.
To put the screw,

,
on, to use pressure upon, as for the purpose of extortion; to coerce.
To put under the screw

screws

, to subject to presure; to force.
Wood screw

, a metal screw with a sharp thread of coarse pitch, adapted to holding fast in wood.

See ‘Illust’.

Of Wood screw, under Wood. Screw, v.

T. [imp. & p.

P. Screwed (?); p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Screwing.] 1. Def.: To turn, as a screw; to apply a screw to; to press, fasten, or make firm, by means of a screw or screws; as, to screw a lock on a door; to screw a press. 2. Def.: To force; to squeeze; to press, as by screws. But screw your courage to the sticking place, And we’ll not fail. Shak. 3. Def.: Hence: To practice extortion upon; to oppress by unreasonable or extortionate exactions. Our country landlords, by unmeasureable screwing and racking their tenants, have already reduced the miserable people to a worse condition than the peasants in France. swift. 4. Def.: To twist; to distort; as, to screw his visage. He screwed his face into a hardened smile. Dryden. 5. Def.: To examine rigidly, as a student; to subject to a severe examination. [Cant, American Colleges]
To screw out

, to press out; to extort.
To screw up

, to force; to bring by violent pressure. Howell.<-- (b) to damage by unskillful effort; to bungle; to botch; to mess up. (c) [intrans] to fail by unskillful effort, usu.

Causing unpleasant consequences. –> —
To screw in

, to force in by turning or twisting. <-- Screw around, (a) to act aimlessly or unproductively. (b) screw around with, to operate or make changes on (a machine or device) without expert knowledge; to fiddle with. [Colloq.] (c) commit adultery; to be sexually promiscuous. --> Screw, v.

I. 1. Def.: To use violent mans in making exactions; to be oppressive or exacting. Howitt. 2. Def.: To turn one’s self uneasily with a twisting motion; as, he screws about in his chair. <-- Screwball, n. 1.

An eccentric or crazy person; an oddball. 2.

A baseball pitch that curves in the direction opposite to that of a curve ball.

Adj.

Eccentric; zany; crazy. –> Screw-cutting, a.

Def.: Adapted for forming a screw by cutting; as, a screw-cutting lathe. Screw-driver, n.

Def.: A tool for turning screws so as to drive them into their place.

It has a thin end which enters the nick in the head of the screw. Screwer, n.

Def.: One who, or that which, screws. Screwing, Def.: a. & n.

From Screw, v.

T.
Screwing machine

. See Screw machine, under Screw. Scribable, a.

Etym. [See Scribe.] Def.: Capable of being written, or of being written upon. [R.] Scribatious, a.

Etym. [See Scribe.] Def.: Skillful in, or fond of, writing. [Obs.] Barrow. Scribbet, n.

Def.: A painter’s pencil. Scribble, v.

T.

Etym. [Cf. Scrabble.] (Woolen Manuf.) Def.: To card coarsely; to run through the scribling machine. Scribble, v.

T. [imp. & p.

P. Scribbled; p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Scribling.] Etym. [From Scrible.] 1. Def.: To write hastily or carelessly, without regard to correctness or elegance; as, to scribble a letter. 2. Def.: To fill or cover with careless or worthless writing. Scribble, v.

I.

Def.: To write without care, elegance, or value; to scrawl. If Moevius scribble in Apollo’s spite. Pope. Scribble, n.

Def.: Hasty or careless writing; a writing of little value; a scrawl; as, a hasty scribble. Boyle. Neither did I but vacant seasons spend In this my scribble. Bunyan. Scribblement, n.

Def.: A scribble. [R.] oster. Scribbler, n.

Def.: One who scribles; a literary hack. The scribbler, pinched with hunger, writes to dine. Granville. — Sling, v.

T. [imp. Slung, Archaic Slang (; p.

P. Slung; p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Slinging.] Etym. [AS. slingan; akin to D. slingeren, G. schlingen, to wind, to twist, to creep, OHG. slingan to wind, to twist, to move to and fro, Icel. slyngva, slongva, to sling, Sw. slunga, Dan. slynge, Lith. slinkti to creep.] 1. Def.: To throw with a sling. \’bdEvery one could ‘sling’ stones at an hairbreadth, and not miss.\’b8 Judg.

Xx. 16. 2. Def.: To throw; to hurl; to cast. Addison. 3. Def.: To hang so as to swing; as, to sling a pack. 4. (Naut) Def.: To pass a rope round, as a cask, gun, etc., preparatory to attaching a hoisting or lowering tackle. Sling, n.

Etym. [Cf.

G. schlingen to swallow.] Def.: A drink composed of spirit (usually gin) and water sweetened. <-- as, a Singapore sling. –> Slinger, n.

Def.: One who slings, or uses a sling. Slink, v.

T. [imp. Slunk, Archaic Slank (; p.

P. Slunk; p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Slinking.] Etym. [AS. slincan; probably akin to G. schleichen, E. sleek.

See Sleek, a.] 1. Def.: To creep away meanly; to steal away; to sneak. \’bdTo ‘slink’ away and hide.\’b8 Tale of Beryn. Back to the thicket slunk The guilty serpent. Milton. There were some few who slank obliquely from them as they passed. Landor. 2. Def.: To miscarry; — said of female beasts. Slink, v.

T.

Def.: To cast prematurely; — said of female beasts; as, a cow that slinks her calf. Slink, a. 1. Def.: Produced prematurely; as, a slink calf. 2. Def.: Thin; lean. [Scot.] Slink, n. 1. Def.: The young of a beast brought forth prematurely, esp.

A calf brought forth before its time. 2. Def.: A thievish fellow; a sneak. [Prov.

Eng. & Scot.] Slinky, a.

Def.: Thin; lank. [Prov.

Eng. & U.

S.] Slip, v.

I. [imp. & p.

P. Slipped (?); p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Slipping.] Etym. [OE. slippen; akin to LG. & D. slippen, MHG. slipfen (cf.

Dan. slippe, Sw. slippa, Icel. sleppa), and fr.

OE. slipen, AS. sl\’c6pan (in comp.), akin to G. schleifen to slide, glide, drag, whet, OHG. sl\’c6fan to slide, glide, make smooth, Icel. sl\’c6pa to whet; cf.

Also AS. sl, Goth. sliupan, OS. slopian, OHG. sliofan, G. schliefen, schl, which seem to come from a somewhat different root form.

Cf. Slope, n.] 1. Def.: To move along the surface of a thing without bounding, rolling, or stepping; to slide; to glide. 2. Def.: To slide; to lose one’s footing or one’s hold; not to tread firmly; as, it is necessary to walk carefully lest the foot should slip. 3. Def.: To move or fly (out of place); to shoot; — often with ‘out’, ‘off’, etc.; as, a bone may slip out of its place. 4. Def.: To depart, withdraw, enter, appear, intrude, or escape as if by sliding; to go or come in a quiet, furtive manner; as, some errors slipped into the work. Thus one tradesman slips away, To give his partner fairer play. Prior. Thrice the flitting shadow slipped away. Dryden. 5. Def.: To err; to fall into error or fault. There is one that slippeth in his speech, but not from his heart. Ecclus.

Xix. 16.
To let slip

, to loose from the slip or noose, as a hound; to allow to escape. Cry, \’bdHavoc,\’b8 and let slip the dogs of war. Shak. Slip, v.

T. 1. Def.: To cause to move smoothly and quickly; to slide; to convey gently or secretly. He tried to slip a powder into her drink. Arbuthnot. 2. Def.: To omit; to loose by negligence. And slip no advantage That my secure you. B.

Jonson. 3. Def.: To cut slips from; to cut; to take off; to make a slip or slips of; as, to slip a piece of cloth or paper. The branches also may be slipped and planted. Mortimer. 4. Def.: To let loose in pursuit of game, as a greyhound. Lucento slipped me like his greyhound. Shak. 5. Def.: To cause to slip or slide off, or out of place; as, a horse slips his bridle; a dog slips his collar. 6. Def.: To bring forth (young) prematurely; to slink.
To slip a cable

. (Naut.) See under Cable.
To slip off

, to take off quickly; as, to slip off a coat.
To slip on

, to put on in haste or loosely; as, to slip on a gown or coat. Slip, n.

Etym. [AS. slipe, slip.] 1. Def.: The act of slipping; as, a slip on the ice. 2. Def.: An unintentional error or fault; a false step. This good man’s slip mended his pace to martyrdom. Fuller. 3. Def.: A twig separated from the main stock; a cutting; a scion; hence, a descendant; as, a slip from a vine. A native slip to us from foreign seeds. Shak. The girlish slip of a Sicilian bride. R.

Browning. 4. Def.: A slender piece; a strip; as, a slip of paper. Moonlit slips of silver cloud. Tennyson. A thin slip of a girl, like a new moon Sure to be rounded into beauty soon. Longfellow. 5. Def.: A leash or string by which a dog is held; — so called from its being made in such a manner as to slip, or become loose, by relaxation of the hand. We stalked over the extensive plains with Killbuck and Lena in the slips, in search of deer. Sir S.

Baker. 6. Def.: An escape; a secret or unexpected desertion; as, to give one the slip. Shak. 7. (Print.) Def.: A portion of the columns of a newspaper or other work struck off by itself; a proof from a column of type when set up and in the galley. 8. Def.: Any covering easily slipped on.

Specifically: (a) Def.: A loose garment worn by a woman. (b) Def.: A child’s pinafore. (c) Def.: An outside covering or case; as, a pillow slip. (d) Def.: The slip or sheath of a sword, and the like. [R.] 9. Def.: A counterfeit piece of money, being brass covered with silver. [Obs.] Shak 10. Def.: Matter found in troughs of grindstones after the grinding of edge tools. [Prov.

Eng.] Sir W.

Petty. 11. Def.: Potter’s clay in a very liquid state, used for the decoration of ceramic ware, and also as a cement for handless and other applied parts. 12. Def.: A particular quantity of yarn. [Prov.

Eng.] 13. Def.: An inclined plane on which a vessel is built, or upon which it is hauled for repair. 14. Def.: An opening or space for vessels to lie in, between wharves or in a dock; as, Peck slip. [U.

S.] 15. Def.: A narrow passage between buildings. [Eng.] 16. Def.: A long seat or narrow pew in churches, often without a door. [U.

S.] 17. (Mining.) Def.: A dislocation of a lead, destroying continuity. Knight. 18. (Engin.) Def.: The motion of the center of resistance of the float of a paddle wheel, or the blade of an oar, through the water horozontally, or the difference between a vessel’s actual speed and the speed which she would have if the propelling instrument acted upon a solid; also, the velocity, relatively to still water, of the backward current of water produced by the propeller. 19. (Zool.) Def.: A fish, the sole. 20. (Cricket) Def.: A fielder stationed on the off side and to the rear of the batsman.

There are usually two of them, called respectively short slip, and long slip. <-- 21.

A slip dock (see below) –>
To give one the slip

, to slip away from one; to elude one.
Slip dock

. See under Dock.
Slip link

(Mach.), a connecting link so arranged as to allow some play of the parts, to avoid concussion.
Slip rope

(Naut.), a rope by which a cable is secured preparatory to slipping. Totten.
Slip stopper

(Naut.), an arrangement for letting go the anchor suddenly. Slipboard, n.

Def.: A board sliding in grooves. Slipcoat cheese.

Def.: A rich variety of new cheese, resembling butter, but white. Halliwell. Slipes, n.

Pl.

Etym. [Cf. Slip, v.] Def.: Sledge runners on which a skip is dragged in a mine. Slipknot, n.

Def.: knot which slips along the rope or line around which it is made. Slip-on, n.

Def.: A kind of overcoat worn upon the shoulders in the manner of a cloak. [Scot.] Slippage, n.

Def.: The act of slipping; also, the amount of slipping. Slipper, n. 1. Def.: One who, or that which, slips. 2. Def.: A kind of light shoe, which may be slipped on with ease, and worn in undress; a slipshoe. 3. Def.: A kind of apron or pinafore for children. 4. Def.: A kind of brake or shoe for a wagon wheel. 5. (Mach.) Def.: A piece, usually a plate, applied to a sliding piece, to receive wear and afford a means of adjustment; — also called shoe, and gib.
Slipper animalcule

(Zool.), a ciliated infusorian of the genus Paramecium.
Slipper flower

.(Bot.) Slipperwort.
Slipper limpet

, Slipper shell

(Zool.), a boat shell. Slipper, a.

Etym. [AS. slipur.] Def.: Slippery. [Obs.] O! trustless state of earthly things, and slipper hope Of mortal men. Spenser. Slippered, a.

Def.: Wearing slippers. Shak. Slipperily, adv.

Def.: In a slippery manner. Slipperiness, n.

Def.: The quality of being slippery. Slipperness, n.

Def.: Slipperiness. [Obs.] Slipperwort, n. (Bot.) Def.: See Calceolaria. Slippery, a.

Etym. [See Slipper, a.] 1. Def.: Having the quality opposite to adhesiveness; allowing or causing anything to slip or move smoothly, rapidly, and easily upon the surface; smooth; glib; as, oily substances render things slippery. 2. Def.: Not affording firm ground for confidence; as, a slippery promise. The slippery tops of human state. Cowley. 3. Def.: Not easily held; liable or apt to slip away. The slippery god will try to loose his hold. Dryden. 4. Def.: Liable to slip; not standing firm. Shak. 5. Def.: Unstable; changeable; mutable; uncertain; inconstant; fickle. \’bdThe ‘slippery’ state of kings.\’b8 Denham. 6. Def.: Uncertain in effect. L’Estrange. 7. Def.: Wanton; unchaste; loose in morals. Shak.
Slippery elm

. (Bot.) (a) An American tree (Ulmus fulva) with a mucilagenous and slightly aromatic inner bark which is sometimes used medicinally; also, the inner bark itself. (b) A malvaceous shrub (Fremontia Californica); — so called on the Pacific coast. Slippiness, n.

Def.: Slipperiness. [R.] \’bdThe ‘slippiness’ of the way.\’b8 Sir W.

Scott. — Snowshed, n.

Def.: A shelter to protect from snow, esp.

A long roof over an exposed part of a railroad. Snowshoe, n.

Def.: A slight frame of wood three or four feet long and about one third as wide, with thongs or cords stretched across it, and having a support and holder for the foot; — used by persons for walking on soft snow. Snowshoer, n.

Def.: One who travels on snowshoes; an expert in using snowshoes. W.

G.

Beers. Snowshoeing, n.

Def.: Traveling on snowshoes. Snowslip, n.

Def.: A large mass or avalanche of snow which slips down the side of a mountain, etc. Snowstorm, n.

Def.: A storm with falling snow. Snow-white, a.

Def.: White as snow; very white. \’bd’Snow-white’ and rose-red\’b8 Chaucer. Snowy, a. 1. Def.: White like snow. \’bdSo shows a ‘snowy’ dove trooping with crows.\’b8 Shak. 2. Def.: Abounding with snow; covered with snow. \’bdThe ‘snowy’ top of cold Olympus.\’b8 Milton. 3. Def.: Fig.: Pure; unblemished; unstained; spotless. There did he lose his snowy innocence. J.

Hall (1646).
Snowy heron

(Zool.), a white heron, or egret (Ardea candidissima), found in the Southern United States, and southward to Chili; — called also plume bird.
Snowy lemming

(Zool.), the collared lemming (Cuniculus torquatus), which turns white in winter.
Snowy owl

(Zool.), a large arctic owl (Nyctea Scandiaca, or N.

Nivea) common all over the northern parts of the United States and Europe in winter time.

Its plumage is sometimes nearly pure white, but it is usually more or less marked with blackish spots.

Called also white owl. —
Snowy plover

(Zool.), a small plover (Aegialitis nivosa) of the western parts of the United States and Mexico.

It is light gray above, with the under parts and portions of the head white. Snub, v.

I.

Etym. [Cf.

D. snuiven to snort, to pant, G. schnauben, MHG. sn, Prov.

G. schnupfen, to sob, and E. snuff, v.t.] Def.: To sob with convulsions. [Obs.] Bailey. Snub, v.

T. [imp. & p.

P. Snubbed; p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Snubbing.] Etym. [Cf.

Icel. ssnubba to snub, chide, Sw. snubba, Icel. snubb snubbed, nipped, and E. snib.] 1. Def.: To clip or break off the end of; to check or stunt the growth of; to nop. 2. Def.: To check, stop, or rebuke, with a tart, sarcastic reply or remark; to reprimand; to check. J.

Foster. 3. Def.: To treat with contempt or neglect, as a forward or pretentious person; to slight designedly.
To snub a cable

rope

(Naut.), to check it suddenly in running out. Totten. Snub, n. 1. Def.: A knot; a protuberance; a song. [Obs.] [A club] with ragged snubs and knotty grain. Spenser. 2. Def.: A check or rebuke; an intended slight. J.

Foster.
Snub nose

, a short or flat nose.
Snub post

, Snubbing post

(Naut.), a post on a dock or shore, around which a rope is thrown to check the motion of a vessel. Snub-nosed, a.

Def.: Having a short, flat nose, slightly turned up; as, the snub-nosed eel.
Snub-nosed cachalot

(Zool.), the pygmy sperm whale. <-- snub-nosed revolver, a revolver with a very short barrel. -- --> Snudge, v.

I.

Etym. [Cf. Snug.] Def.: To lie snug or quiet. [Obs.] Herbert. Snudge, n.

Def.: A miser; a sneaking fellow. [Obs.] Snuff, n.

Etym. [Cf.

G. schnuppe candle snuff, schnuppen to snuff a candle (see Snuff, v.

T., to snuff a candle), or cf. Snub, v.

T.] Def.: The part of a candle wick charred by the flame, whether burning or not. If the burning snuff happens to get out of the snuffers, you have a chance that it may fall into a dish of soup. Swift. Snuff, v.

T. [imp. & p.

P. Snuffed; p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Snuffing.] Etym. [OE. snuffen.

See Snuff of a candle Snuff to sniff.] Def.: To crop the snuff of, as a candle; to take off the end of the snuff of.
To snuff out

, to extinguish by snuffing. <-- p. 1364 --> Snuff, v.

T.Etym. [Akin to D. snuffen, G. schnupfen, schnuppen, to snuff, schnupfen a cold in the head, schnuppen to snuff (air), also, to snuff (a candle).

Cf. Sniff, Snout, Snub, v.

I.] 1. Def.: To draw in, or to inhale, forcibly through the nose; to sniff. He snuffs the wind, his heels the sand excite. Dryden. 2. Def.: To perceive by the nose; to scent; to smell. Snuff, v.

I. 1. Def.: To inhale air through the nose with violence or with noise, as do dogs and horses. Dryden. 2. Def.: To turn up the nose and inhale air, as an expression of contempt; hence, to take offense. Do the enemies of the church rage and snuff? Bp.

Hall. Snuff, n. 1. Def.: The act of snuffing; perception by snuffing; a sniff. 2. Def.: Pulverized tobacco, etc., prepared to be taken into the nose; also, the amount taken at once. 3. Def.: Resentment, displeasure, or contempt, expressed by a snuffing of the nose. [Obs.]
Snuff dipping

. See Dipping, n., 5.
Snuff taker

, one who uses snuff by inhaling it through the nose.
To take it in snuff

, to be angry or offended. Shak.
Up to snuff

, not likely to be imposed upon; knowing; acute. [Slang]<-- also, competent, able to do [the task] --> Snuffbox, n.

Def.: A small box for carrying snuff about the person. Snuffer, n. 1. Def.: One who snuffs. 2. (Zool.) Def.: The common porpoise. Snuffers, n.

Pl.

Def.: An instrument for cropping and holding the snuff of a candle. Snuffingly, adv.

Def.: In a snuffing manner. Snuffle, v.

I. [imp. & p.

P. Snuffled (?); p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Snuffling.] Etym. [Freq.

Of snuff, v.i.; akin to LG. snuffeln, G. schn\’81ffeln, D. snuffeln, Dan. snovle.

Cf. Sniffle.] Def.: To speak through the nose; to breathe through the nose when it is obstructed, so as to make a broken sound. One clad in purple Eats, and recites some lamentable rhyme . . . Snuffling at nose, and croaking in his throat. Dryden. Snuffle, n. 1. Def.: The act of snuffing; a sound made by the air passing through the nose when obstructed. This dread sovereign, Breath, in its passage, gave a snort or snuffle. Coleridge. 2. Def.: An affected nasal twang; hence, cant; hypocrisy. 3. pl. Def.: Obstruction of the nose by mucus; nasal catarrh of infants or children. [Colloq.] Snuffler, n.

Def.: One who snuffles; one who uses cant. — Soundness, n.

Def.: The quality or state of being sound; as, the soundness of timber, of fruit, of the teeth, etc.; the soundness of reasoning or argument; soundness of faith. Syn. — Firmness; strength; solidity; healthiness; truth; rectitude. Soune, v.

T. & i.

Def.: To sound. [Obs.] Chaucer. Sounst, a.

Def.: Soused.

See Souse. [Obs.] Soup, n.

Etym. [F. soupe, OF. sope, supe, soupe, perhaps originally, a piece of bread; probably of Teutonic origin; cf.

D. sop sop, G. suppe soup.

See Sop something dipped in a liquid, and cf. Supper.] Def.: A liquid food of many kinds, usually made by boiling meat and vegetables, or either of them, in water, — commonly seasoned or flavored; strong broth.
Soup kitchen

, an establishment for preparing and supplying soup to the poor.
Soup ticket

, a ticket conferring the privilege of receiving soup at a soup kitchen. Soup, v.

T.

Def.: To sup or swallow. [Obs.] Wyclif. Soup, v.

T.

Def.: To breathe out. [Obs.] amden. Soup, v.

T.

Def.: To sweep.

See Sweep, and Swoop. [Obs.] \’d8Soupe-maigre, n.

Etym. [F.] (Cookery) Def.: Soup made chiefly from vegetables or fish with a little butter and a few condiments. Souple, n.

Def.: That part of a flail which strikes the grain. Knight. Soupy, a.

Def.: Resembling soup; souplike. Sour, a. [Compar. Sourer; superl. Sourest.] Etym. [OE. sour, sur, AS. s; akin to D. zuur, G. sauer, OHG. s, Icel. s, Sw. sur, Dan. suur, Lith. suras salt, Russ. surovui harsh, rough.

Cf. Sorrel, the plant.] 1. Def.: Having an acid or sharp, biting taste, like vinegar, and the juices of most unripe fruits; acid; tart. All sour things, as vinegar, provoke appetite. Bacon. 2. Def.: Changed, as by keeping, so as to be acid, rancid, or musty, turned. 3. Def.: Disagreeable; unpleasant; hence; cross; crabbed; peevish; morose; as, a man of a sour temper; a sour reply. \’bdA ‘sour’ countenance.\’b8 Swift. He was a scholar . . .

Lofty and sour to them that loved him not, But to those men that sought him sweet as summer. Shak. 4. Def.: Afflictive; painful. \’bd’Sour’ adversity.\’b8 Shak. 5. Def.: Cold and unproductive; as, sour land; a sour marsh.
Sour dock

(Bot.), sorrel.
Sour gourd

(Bot.), the gourdlike fruit Adansonia Gregorii, and A.

Digitata; also, either of the trees bearing this fruit.

See Adansonia. —
Sour grapes

. See under Grape.
Sour gum

(Bot.) See Turelo.
Sour plum

(Bot.), the edible acid fruit of an Australian tree (Owenia venosa); also, the tree itself, which furnished a hard reddish wood used by wheelwrights. Syn. — Acid; sharp; tart; acetous; acetose; harsh; acrimonious; crabbed; currish; peevish. Sour, n.

Def.: A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect. Spenser. Sour, v.

T.

Etym. [AS. s to sour, to become sour.] 1. Def.: To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances. So the sun’s heat, with different powers, Ripens the grape, the liquor sours. Swift. 2. Def.: To make cold and unproductive, as soil. Mortimer. 3. Def.: To make unhappy, uneasy, or less agreeable. To sour your happiness I must report, The queen is dead. Shak. 4. Def.: To cause or permit to become harsh or unkindly. \’bd’Souring’ his cheeks.\’b8 Shak. Pride had not sour’d nor wrath debased my heart. Harte. 5. Def.: To macerate, and render fit for plaster or mortar; as, to sour lime for business purposes. Sour, v.

I. [imp. & p.

P. Soured; p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Souring.] Def.: To become sour; to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in adversity. They keep out melancholy from the virtuous, and hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity. Addison. Source, n.

Etym. [OE. sours, OF. sourse, surse, sorse, F. source, fr.

OF. sors, p.p.

Of OF. sordre, surdre, sourdre, to spring forth or up, F. sourdre, fr.

L. surgere to lift or raise up, to spring up.

See Surge, and cf. Souse to plunge or swoop as a bird upon its prey.] 1. Def.: The act of rising; a rise; an ascent. [Obs.] Therefore right as an hawk upon a sours Up springeth into the air, right so prayers . . .

Maken their sours to Goddes ears two. Chaucer. 2. Def.: The rising from the ground, or beginning, of a stream of water or the like; a spring; a fountain. Where as the Poo out of a welle small Taketh his firste springing and his sours. Chaucer. Kings that rule Behind the hidden sources of the Nile. Addison. 3. Def.: That from which anything comes forth, regarded as its cause or origin; the person from whom anything originates; first cause. This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself. Locke. The source of Newton’s light, of Bacon’s sense. Pope. Syn. — See Origin. Sourcrout, n.

Def.: See Sauerkraut. Sourde, v.

I.

Etym. [F. sourdre.

See Source.] Def.: To have origin or source; to rise; to spring. [Obs.] Now might men ask whereof that pride sourdeth. Chaucer. Souring, n. (Bot.) Def.: Any sour apple. Sourish, a.

Def.: Somewhat sour; moderately acid; as, sourish fruit; a sourish taste. Sourkrout, n.

Def.: Same as Sauerkraut. Sourly, adv.

Def.: In a sour manner; with sourness. Sourness, n.

Def.: The quality or state of being sour. Sours, n.

Def.: Source.

See Source. [Obs.] Chaucer. Soursop, n. (Bot.) Def.: The large succulent and slightly acid fruit of a small tree (Anona muricata) of the West Indies; also, the tree itself.

It is closely allied to the custard apple. Sourwood, n. (Bot.) Def.: The sorrel tree. { Sous, — Spathose, a.

Etym. [See Spathe.] (Bot.) Def.: Having a spathe; resembling a spathe; spatheceous; spathal. Spathous, a. (Bot.) Def.: Spathose. Spathulate, a.

Def.: See Spatulate. Spatial, a.

Def.: Of or pertaining to space. \’bd’Spatial’ quantity and relations.\’b8 L.

H.

Atwater. Spatially, adv.

Def.: As regards space. Spatiate, v.

T.

Etym. [L. spatiatus, p.p.

Of spatiari, fr. spatiatum.

See Space.] Def.: To rove; to ramble. [Obs.] Bacon. Spatter, v.

T. [imp. & p.

P. Spattered (?); p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Spattering.] Etym. [From the root of spit salvia.] 1. Def.: To sprinkle with a liquid or with any wet substance, as water, mud, or the like; to make wet of foul spots upon by sprinkling; as, to spatter a coat; to spatter the floor; to spatter boots with mud. Upon any occasion he is to be spattered over with the blood of his people. Burke. 2. Def.: To distribute by sprinkling; to sprinkle around; as, to spatter blood. Pope. 3. Def.: Fig.: To injure by aspersion; to defame; to soil; also, to throw out in a defamatory manner. Spatter, v.

I.

Def.: To throw something out of the mouth in a scattering manner; to sputter. That mind must needs be irrecoverably depraved, which, . . .

Tasting but once of one just deed, spatters at it, and abhors the relish ever after. Milton. Spatterdashed, a.

Def.: Wearing spatterdashes. [Colloq.] Thackeray. Spatterdashes, n.

Pl.

Etym. [Spatter + dash.] Def.: Coverings for the legs, to protect them from water and mud; long gaiters. Spatter-dock, n. (Bot.) Def.: The common yellow water lily (Nuphar advena). Spattle, n.

Def.: Spawl; spittle. [Obs.] Bale. Spattle, n. 1. Def.: A spatula. 2. (Pottery) Def.: A tool or implement for mottling a molded article with coloring matter Knoght. Spattling-poppy, n.

Etym. [Prov.

E. spattle to spit + E. poppy.] (Bot.) Def.: A kind of catchfly (Silene inflata) which is sometimes frothy from the action of captured insects. Spatula (?; 135), n.

Etym. [L. spatula, spathula, dim.

Of spatha a spatula: F. spatule.

See Spade for digging.] Def.: An implement shaped like a knife, flat, thin, and somewhat flexible, used for spreading paints, fine plasters, drugs in compounding prescriptions, etc.

Cf. Palette knife, under Palette. Spatulate, a.

Etym. [NL. spatulatus.] (Nat.

Hist.) Def.: Shaped like spatula, or like a battledoor, being roundish, with a long, narrow, linear base. [Also written spathulate.] Spauld, n.

Etym. [See Spall the shoulder.] Def.: The shoulder. [Scot.] Spavin, n.

Etym. [OE. spaveyne, OF. esparvain, F. éparvin; akin to OF. espervier a sparrow hawk, F. épervier, fr.

OHG. sparw\’beri (G. sperber), fr.

OHG. sparo sparrow, because this disease makes the horse raise the infirm leg in the manner of a sparrow hawk or sparrow.

See Sparrow.] (Far.) Def.: A disease of horses characterized by a bony swelling developed on the hock as the result of inflammation of the bones; also, the swelling itself.

The resulting lameness is due to the inflammation, and not the bony tumor as popularly supposed. Harbaugh.
Bog spavin

, a soft swelling produced by distention of the capsular ligament of the hock; — called also blood spavin.
Bone spavin

, spavin attended with exostosis; ordinary spavin. Spavined, a.

Def.: Affected with spavin. Spaw, n.

Def.: See Spa. Spawl, n.

Def.: A splinter or fragment, as of wood or stone.

See Spall. Spawl, n.

Etym. [Cf.

AS. sp\’betl, fr. sp to spit; probably akin to sp\’c6wan, E. spew.

Cf. Spew.] Def.: Scattered or ejected spittle. Spawl, v.

I. & t. [imp. & p.

P. Spawled; p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Spawling.] Etym. [Cf.

AS. sp\’betlian.] Def.: To scatter spittle from the mouth; to spit, as saliva. Why must he sputter, spawl, and slaver it In vain, against the people’s favorite. Swift. Spawling, n.

Def.: That which is spawled, or spit out. Spawn, v.

T. [imp. & p.

P. Spawned (?); p.

Pr. & vb.

N. Spawning.] Etym. [OE. spanen, OF. espandre, properly, to shed, spread, L. expandere to spread out.

See Expand.] 1. Def.: To produce or deposit (eggs), as fishes or frogs do. 2. Def.: To bring forth; to generate; — used in contempt. One edition [of books] spawneth another. Fuller. Spawn, v.

I. 1. Def.: To deposit eggs, as fish or frogs do. 2. Def.: To issue, as offspring; — used contemptuously.

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