3/14/2011 1:28:53 PM Dressage Tests Dressage tests are rewritten by the U.S.
Equestrian Federation (formerly USA Equestrian) every four years.
Each USEF test change is reﬂected in a change in tests used at Michigan 4-H horse shows.
The tests and levels offered by a 4-H show are to be listed on the show’s prize list.
Dressage Federation (USDF) Level 1 and 2 walk-trot tests may be used for inexperienced riders in their ﬁrst year of showing or for green horses that have not yet been shown under saddle at a canter.
Copies of introductory dressage tests are available at no charge from USDF online at usdf.org. Scoring Dressage Tests Dressage tests for the State 4-H Horse Show are obtained at no charge from USEF at usef.org.
Printed copies of current dressage tests should be used to score the ridden tests. (The local show committee must provide the judge with score sheets.) The judge should be given a table and a recording secretary.
The recorder writes the judge’s numerical scores from 0 to 10 in column 4 of the test sheet.
He or she also records the judge’s remarks in column 7.
It is recom44 2011HorseBk-Tall2011-03-09.indd main44-main45 DRESSAGE DIVISION If a problem such as nodding, stumbling or shying appears once, it may be treated lightly by the judge; if the same problem appears successively, the judge will score it more harshly each time.
Grinding of the teeth and wringing of the tail are signs of tenseness or resistance on the part of the horse and should be considered in the marks for each movement where they appear, as well as in the collective marks.
Horses that get their tongues over the bit or perform with an open mouth must be marked down.
Horses that enter the arena with their tongues tied down will be eliminated.
Any prolonged resistance that prevents the continuation of the test for longer than 20 seconds may be punished by elimination.
ELIMINATION – Horse and rider will be eliminated under the following circumstances: • Use of illegal equipment • Unauthorized assistance • Three errors of the course • Horse’s tongue tied down • Late entry into the arena • All four of the horse’s feet leave the arena • Cruelty • Marked lameness DRESSAGE DIVISION other material.
Bits with mouthpieces made of synthetic material are permitted, provided that the contours of the bit conform to the contours of one of the bits pictured above.
Flexible rubber or synthetic mouthpieces are permitted. Bits Permitted in Dressage The following bits (see ﬁg. 9) may be used in dressage classes: 1.
Ordinary snafﬂe with single-jointed mouthpiece. 2.
Ordinary snafﬂe with double-jointed mouthpiece. 3.
Racing snafﬂe (D-ring). 4.
With cheeks, with or without keepers.
Without cheeks (egg-butt). 5.
Snafﬂe with upper or lower cheeks. 6.
Unjointed snafﬂe (mullen-mouth). 7.
Snafﬂe with cheeks. (Hanging or drop cheek; Baucher).
This may be a D-ring or other ordinary snafﬂe as pictured in numbers 1 to 6. 8.
French snafﬂe. 11.
Snafﬂe with rotating mouthpiece.
Any of the bits listed above may be made with a rubber, plastic or leather covering, but the bit may not be modiﬁed by adding latex or 46 2011HorseBk-Tall2011-03-09.indd main46-main47 Figure 9.
Bits permitted in dressage. 47 3/14/2011 1:28:54 PM DRESSAGE DIVISION Dressage Arena Layout Training level tests may be ridden in a standard 20 meter by 60 meter arena (see ﬁg. 10) or a 20 meter by 40 meter arena (see ﬁg. 11).
First level tests and all higher tests must be ridden in a standard 20 meter by 60 meter arena.
The site chosen for the arena must be as level and quiet as possible.
If there is only one judge, he or she is placed 5 meters from the arena behind the letter C.
The public, as well as horses and riders not involved in a test, should be kept at least 20 meters away from the arena to avoid distracting the horse and rider riding a test.
Corners of the arena must be clearly marked with planks or boards if regular fencing is not used. — + 1 point = very good + 1/2 point = good 0 points = correct – 1/2 point = poor – 1 point = very poor – 1 1/2 points = extremely poor Obstacle scores are to be determined and assessed independently of penalty points.
Penalty Scores Penalties should be assessed for each occurrence as follows.
Disqualiﬁcation from the class: • Using more than one ﬁnger between the reins. • Using two hands on the reins, except for exhibitors riding junior horses in a snafﬂe bit or romal or riding an English style. • Changing hands on the reins (except when necessary to negotiate an obstacle; English riders are permitted to put both reins in one hand to negotiate an obstacle). • Using a romal other than for reining the horse. • Equipment failure that delays completion of the pattern. • Touching the horse on the neck to lower the head. • Using the free hand to instill fear or to praise. • Falling to the ground (horse or rider). • Riding outside the designated course boundaries. • Willfully abusing the horse. • Rearing, bucking or other major disobedience by the horse. • Performing the class with mismatched equipment and attire. • Performing the class bareback. • Breaking the pattern (going off course). 1/2-point penalty: • Each tick of a log, pole, cone or obstacle. 1-point penalty: • Hitting or stepping on a log, pole, cone or obstacle (each occurrence). • Breaking gait at a walk or jog for two strides or less. • Placing both front or hind feet in a single-stride slot or space. • Skipping over or failing to step into a required space. • Splitting pole, or having the pole between two front or hind feet, in a lope-over. Scoring Guidelines Sample scoresheets for this class are online at: • American Quarter Horse Association Resources aqha.com/ Resources/ – Scroll down to “Scoresheets.” • Appaloosa Horse Club Downloadable Forms appaloosa.com/ downloadable-forms.htm – Scroll down to “Judges Score Sheets.” Riders may use only one hand on the reins, except when riding junior horses with snafﬂe bits or bosals, and when riding an English style.
Riders may not change hands on the reins when the horse is in motion.
Riders may change hands on the reins when working with an obstacle (such as a gate or mailbox).
English riders are permitted to put both reins in one hand when negotiating an obstacle (such as a gate or mailbox).
Riders are permitted to put one ﬁnger between reins.
Rider’s hands must be clear of the horse and saddle while the horse is in motion.
Obstacle Scores Each obstacle should be assigned an obstacle score on this scale: + 1 1/2 points = excellent 74 2011HorseBk-Tall2011-03-09.indd main74-main75 75 3/14/2011 1:28:59 PM ENGLISH/WESTERN DIVISION 3-point penalty: • Breaking gait at a walk or jog for more than two strides. • Going out of lead or breaking gait at a lope, canter or third gait (except when correcting an incorrect lead). • Knocking down an elevated pole (such as a jump 12 inches high or less), cone, barrel or plant obstacle, or severely disturbing an obstacle. • Stepping outside the conﬁnes of, falling or jumping off an obstacle (such as a back-through grid, bridge, sidepass, box or water box) with one foot.
Each foot will accrue additional penalties. 5-point penalty: • Dropping a slicker or other object that is required to be carried on the course. • Refusing, balking or attempting to evade an obstacle by shying or backing (ﬁrst time). • Losing control or letting go of a gate. 5 or more penalty points: • Failing to ever demonstrate a correct lead or gait, if designated. • Failing to complete an obstacle (for example, open the gate, pass through the gate and close the gate). • Refusing, balking or attempting to evade an obstacle by shying or backing (second time).
No score (for a particular obstacle only): • Negotiating an obstacle differently than is described on the pattern. • Missing or not attempting an obstacle. • Refusing, balking or attempting to evade an obstacle by shying or backing (third time). ENGLISH/WESTERN DIVISION saddle with the free hand.
While the horse is in motion, the rider’s hands should be clear of the horse and saddle.
APPOINTMENTS OF HORSE – Appointments of horse and rider should be consistent with the seat chosen, as described elsewhere in this book.
Skid boots, splint boots and protective leg wraps are optional in English/western riding classes.
APPOINTMENTS OF RIDER – Appointments of horse and rider should be consistent with the seat chosen, as described in this book. Course Description Figure 21 illustrates the English/western riding course.
The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) western riding pattern 2 is also acceptable; however, if it is to be used, copies of the pattern should be provided to judges and exhibitors well in advance of the class.
The use of the gate is recommended but optional, at the discretion of the local show committee and according to local conditions.
The short, double line on the pattern represents a swinging gate that the horse, on entering the arena, must put the rider in a position to open, pass through and close without dismounting.
The gate may be located in any convenient part of the arena where it will not interfere with the balance of the routine.
Care should be exercised in selecting a gate that will not endanger the horse or rider.
The eight small dots represent markers (barrels, kegs or cones are recommended).
These should be separated by a uniform distance of not less than 30 feet and no more than 50 feet.
The distances may be altered if the local arena is too small. 1.
The horse will be judged on quality of gaits, changes of lead, response to the rider, manners, disposition and intelligence. 2.
The horse should maintain an even cadence and change leads precisely and easily, front and rear, at the center point between markers as indicated by the shaded areas on the pattern.
The horse should have a relaxed head carriage showing its response to the rider’s hands, with moderate ﬂexion at the poll.
The tail should remain quiet throughout the pattern.
The horse should cross the log at the jog or pleasure gait and lope without breaking gait or radically changing stride. 3.
Additional information about the pattern follows. • The arrows on the lines indicate the direction of travel and the type of line indicates the gait. • The log should be at least 8 feet long and laid on the ground. • The markers should be pylons.
In the row of ﬁve markers, the markers are separated by equal distances of 30 to 50 feet.
The markers in the row of three are aligned with the ﬁrst, third and ﬁfth markers in the row of ﬁve. English/Western Riding Class [English/western] riding is an event where the horse is judged on quality of gaits, lead changes at the lope or canter, response to the rider, manners and disposition.
The horse should perform with reasonable speed, and be sensible, well-mannered, free and easy moving. (AQHA Handbook of Rules and Regulations) HORSE’S PERFORMANCE AND MANNERS – Horses will be judged on the riding quality of gaits, changes of leads, response to the rider, manners and disposition.
Preference will be given to complete ﬂying changes of leads midway between the markers throughout the entire class.
This indicates the control of a rider over his or her mount and encourages youth to train for the event.
A rider will be penalized for losing a stirrup, using two hands on the reins (except where two hands are permitted), changing hands on the reins (except when negotiating the gate) or touching any part of the 76 2011HorseBk-Tall2011-03-09.indd main76-main77 77 3/14/2011 1:29:00 PM ENGLISH/WESTERN DIVISION
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