Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What club registers the breed that has been referred to as the essential oil of horse flesh, of which 1/3 of these horses are bred in the State of Kentucky and used for running races? Jockey Club Approximately 99% of all standardbreds trace to what horse? Hambletonian What is the birthdate of a horse in the Standardbred breed? January 1st Robert Bakewell, who developed many improved breeds of livestock, also initiated the improvement of what draft horse? The Shire Name two breeds of the “Native Horse.” Chickasaw Horse, Spanish Mustangs, Spanish-Barb, American Mustang DISEASES AND UNSOUNDNESSES Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Approximately how long does a tetanus antitoxin vaccination give protection? Two weeks Give two causes of contracted heels.
Lack of frog pressure and lack of moisture in the hoof, heredity, faulty conformation What is gravel? A condition which is usually caused by penetration of the protective covering of the hoof by small bits of gravel or dirt.
What is a serious abnormality that affects the serviceability of the horse? Unsoundness Most lameness can be detected at what gait? A (slow) trot “Pounding” is a defect in way of going often associated with what conformation defect? Straight shoulders and pasterns What disease do mites cause? Mange 5 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What is the conformation in which the knees are bent forward called? Buck-kneed What are anthelmintics? Worm medicines What is the common conformation fault in the rear limbs that puts a strain on the plantar ligament, leading to a curb? Sickle Hocks T/F, Wind puffs refer to a fault in the horse’s breathing.
False Is horse pox contagious? Yes A horse that bites or sets teeth against something and “sucks wind” is known as a what? Cribber When endopyrogen is released into the horse’s body, what is affected? Body temperature What is a scar or abnormality that does not affect the serviceability of the horse? Blemish Your horse has warts.
Will the heifers running in the same pasture with your horse get arts from him? No.
Horse warts are caused by a virus that is infectious only to horses.
Warts cannot be spread from horses to other species What is the common name for laminitis? Founder The most common cause of abortion in mares is caused by what virus? Equine Herpes Name the two factors that cause concussion to the foot and limb.
Weight of the horse and counter pressure of the earth “Bran Disease” is cause by a deficiency in what mineral? Calcium 6 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What is pigeon toed? Front toes turned in, the heels turn out What is a swelling at the elbow called? Capped elbow or shoe boil Eyes giving a “popeyed” appearance are also called what? Bovine eyes In acute viral infections, what happens to the white blood cell count? It decreases T/F, Ticks can cause mange in horses? False Which is the more dangerous deviation in the flight of the foot: paddling or dishing? Dishing – the horse has more chance to cause injury to himself Can you get warts from your horse? No EQUIPMENT Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: The frame on which a saddle is built is called what? Tree How is the length of a stock saddle measured? From the base of the horn to the top of the cantle What is the braided rawhide or rope noseband of a hackmore called? Bosal What tack does a saddle bronc wear on his head? Halter and a single rope rein Bell boots are a protective training aid.
What do they protect? Coronet band and hoof When tying a horse, you should always use what kind of a knot? Quick release 7 Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: Q.: A.: What type of bit is a combination of a snaffle and a curb bit used with two reins? Pelham T/F, A heel is part of a horseshoe.
True The part of the horse shoe nail that is bent over after being nailed through the hoof is called what? Clinch What is the most popular box stall size? 12′ x 12′ How long is a furlong? 1/8th of a mile, 40 rods, 220 yards or 201.17 meters What is the function of hoof calipers? To measure length of wall of the hoof Name two of the most important hitches used to secure the load on a pack animal.
Diamond, double diamond, basket or box, sling Name four different types of rings on the ends of the mouthpiece of snaffle bits.
Round, egg butt D-ring (racing d) and full cheek What part of the bridle should be just tight enough to prevent the bridle from slipping over the horse’s ears? Throatlatch How long is a piggin string? Six feet long When referring to an English saddle, what does the term Dressed” refer to? Running up the irons Name three tools of a blacksmith.
Rasp, nippers, knife, anvil, hammer, hoofpick T/F, For a horse shoe to be considered the correct size, the shoe should follow the contour of the hoof wall and the heel of the shoe should be about 1/4″ longer than the heel of the hoof.
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