Stock Saddle : Tack Entries shall be shown with a stock saddle but….

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Bracelet charm - horse [fits Pandora bracelet] Horses-store.comStock Saddle : Tack Entries shall be shown with a stock saddle but….

No ties will be awarded; Should a tie in points occur, Exhibitor that has the highest number of First Places will determine placing.

If this does not resolve the tie then the highest number of Second Place Awards would be considered.

This procedure would be followed through 3rd, 4th, and 5th places until tie is resolved.

Only exhibitors and specific classes involved in the tie would be considered unless the tie would fall into a category where multiple classes are tallied for the award, such as the Divisional, Amateur, or Youth Awards.

In this case all applicable classes would need to be considered. GENERAL RULES For those competitors who would be eligible by age to show in both Adult Amateur and Youth Activity: These competitors are required to fill out a declaration at the beginning of each calendar year stating their intent to show in either Adult Amateur or Youth Activity classes and file such declaration with the Point Secretary.

THEY MAY NOT CROSS ENTER. WESTERN The use of shoes other than standard horse shoes is to be discouraged and may be penalized by the judge.

Any horse showing evidence of altered tail carriage may be penalized. Reins shall be held in one hand and cannot be changed during performance.

The free hand shall not be used to support the rider by being placed on any part of the saddle.

When end of split reins falls on side of reining hand, one finger between reins is permitted.

When using romal or when ends of split reins are held in hand not used for reining, no finger between reins is allowed.

Rider may hold romal or end of split reins to keep them from swinging and to adjust the position of the reins provided it is held at least 16” from the reining hand.

Snaffle bits and bosals permitted on Junior horses.

Please refer to the Open Division for description of permitted equipment and method of holding reins. APPOINTMENTS: Entries must be penalized for incomplete appointments but not necessarily disqualified. Western attire: Riders must wear Western hat; long-sleeved shirt with any type of collar, trousers or pants, and boots; (a one-piece long-sleeved equitation suit is acceptable provided it includes any type of collar).

Chaps, shotgun chaps, and spurs are optional.

A vest, jacket, coat, and/or sweater may also be worn.

Protective headgear with harness (not required to be of Western style) is optional in all classes.

A side saddle rider must wear an apron of closed or button type with belt under loops.

It is suggested that an apron with waistband cut the same as chaps and double thickness, be used in classes where chaps are required. Tack: Entries shall be shown with a stock saddle but silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

There shall be no discrimination against any standard Western bit.

Jointed mouthpieces are permitted.

Horses shall not be shown with artificial appliances that would tend to alter their performance.

No wire, or other metal or rawhide may be used in conjunction with, or part of, the flat leather chin strap, which must be at least ½” in width; round, rolled, braided, or rawhide curb straps are prohibited.

A light lip strap is permissible.

Curb chains may be used but must be at least ½” in width and lie flat against the jaws of the horse.

Hackamore bits, cavesson type nosebands, martingales, and tiedowns are prohibited. COSCA ADULT AMATEUR HALTER HORSE – SADDLE/PLEASURE TYPE – Adults 18 Yrs. & Over – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings (COSCA Adult Amateur Card Required) Open to any breed or combination of breeds over 14.2 hands.

Breed horses exempt on height ruling. Horses to be shown in hand at a walk and trot.

Any type suitable headstall may be used.

To be judged on conformation, way of going, substance, quality, and manners.

Transmissible weaknesses and/or unsoundness to be counted strongly against animal.

Handlers must be appropriately attired for this class.

COSCA Rule COSCA ADULT AMATEUR HALTER HORSE – STOCK/HUNTER TYPE – Adults 18 Yrs. & Over – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings (COSCA Adult Amateur Card Required) Open to any breed or combination of breeds over 14.2 hands.

Breed horses exempt on height ruling. Horses to be shown in hand at a walk and trot.

Any type suitable headstall may be used.

To be judged on conformation, way of going, substance, quality, and manners.

Transmissible weaknesses and/or unsoundness to be counted strongly against animal.

Handlers must be appropriately attired for this class.

COSCA Rule Suggestion to show committees: Show committees are urged to hold both Saddle/Pleasure Type and Stock/Hunter Type classes in their show.

However, if they are not able to have both, these must be combined into one class which shall be titled as below. COSCA ADULT AMATEUR OPEN HALTER HORSE – Adults 18 Yrs. & Over -Stallions, Mares, & Geldings (COSCA Adult Amateur Card Required) — 4.

If bridles are to be checked, it is the sole responsibility of the judge(s) to do so.

The judge may designate the steward to check bridles at the out gate.

Riders must dismount. 5.

Professionals may compete in a Western Country Pleasure Prospect Class.

In addition, professionals may compete in one designated Open Western Country Pleasure class provided two additional Western classes restricted to amateurs are offered at the same competition.

Any such designated class must be scheduled prior to classes restricted to amateurs. Sec. 2 Appointments. ENTRIES MUST BE PENALIZED FOR INCOMPLETE APPOINTMENTS BUT NOT NECESSARILY DISQUALIFIED. 1.

Western Equipment.

Inconspicuously applied rubber bands may be used to keep the forelock in place.

Riders shall wear Western hat, long sleeved shirt and/or jacket with a collar and a necktie, kerchief or bolo tie, bow tie, peddle-tie, rosette-tie, or pin used as a tie; trousers or pants (or one piece equitation suit is acceptable provided it includes a collar and cuffs).

Chaps, shotgun chaps or chinks and boots are required.

A vest, coat or sweater may be worn.

Protective headgear with harness is optional in all classes, not required to be of Western style.

Spurs are optional.

Whips are prohibited except in side saddle classes. a.

Entries shall be shown with stock saddle but silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

A side saddle shall be considered legal equipment.

Tapaderos are prohibited.

Hobbles and riata are not required. b.

There shall be no discrimination against any standard Western bit.

A standard Western bit is defined as having a shank with a maximum length overall of 8 1/2“.

The mouthpiece will consist of a metal bar 5/16” to 3/4” in diameter as measured one inch in from the shank.

The bars may be inlaid but must be smooth or latex wrapped.

Nothing may protrude below the mouthpiece (bar) such as extensions, prongs or rivets designed to intimidate the horse.

Rollers attached to the center of the bit are acceptable, and may extend below the bar.

Jointed mouthpieces are acceptable and may consist of two or three pieces and may have one or two joints.

A three-piece mouthpiece may include a connecting ring of 1 1/4 ” or less in diameter or a connecting flat bar of 3/8” to 3/4” (measured top to bottom with a maximum length of 2”), which lies flat in the mouth, or a roller or port as described herein.

The port must be no higher than 3 1/2” maximum with roller(s) and covers acceptable.

Jointed mouthpieces, half-breeds and spade bits are standard.

Slip or gag bits, rigid donut mouthpieces and flat polo mouthpieces are prohibited.

Roping bits with both reins connected to a single rein at center of cross bar shall not be used.

Reins must be attached to each shank.

Any rein design or other device which increases the effective length and thereby the leverage of the shank of a standard western bit is prohibited.

Anything that alters the intended use of the equipment as provided for in the description of appointments for a given class is considered to be an artificial appliance. c.

Standard snaffle bits are permitted in any class on horses four years old and under that have never been shown in any Western event in a curb bit bridle.

A standard snaffle bit is defined as a center jointed single, rounded, unwrapped smooth mouthpiece of 5/16” to 3/4” diameter metal as measured from ring to 1” in from the ring with a gradual decreased to the center of the snaffle.

The rings may be from 2” to 4” outside diameter of either the loose type, eggbutt, dee or center mounted without cheeks.

If a curb strap is used it must be attached below the reins. d.

Hackamores are permitted in any class on horses four years old and under that have never been shown in any Western event in a curb bit bridle.

A hackamore includes a bosal rounded in shape and constructed of braided rawhide or leather and must have a flexible nonmetallic core attached to a suitable headstall.

Attached reins may be of hair, rope or leather.

No other material of any kind is to be used in conjunction with a bosal, ie, steel, metal or chains (Exception: smooth plastic electrical tape is acceptable) e.

Curb chains and leather chinstraps may be used but must be flat and at least 1/2” in width and lie flat against the jaws of the horse.

No wire, rawhide, metal or other substance can be used in conjunction with or as part of the leather chinstrap, or curb chains.

Rounded, rolled, braided or rawhide curb straps are prohibited.

A light lip strap is permissible.

Hackamore bits, bosals, cavesson type nosebands, martingales and tiedowns are prohibited.

A judge does not have the authority to add or to remove any of the standard equipment as specified above. g.

A snaffle or hackamore horse is not more than four years old and must never have been shown in any western event in a bridle.

Rider may use both hands.

Both hands must be visible to the Judge.

Horses may not switch from a curb bit to a snaffle or hackamore. Sec. 3 Gait Requirements. To be shown at a flat walk, jog-trot, and lope on a reasonably loose rein without undue restraint (ridden with one hand on reins. Sec. 4 Judging. Manners and suitability as a pleasure mount are paramount.

Transitions from one gait to another should be smooth and effortless.

Horses must be obedient with prompt transitions.

Special emphasis is placed on a true, flat walk.

Entries must be asked both ways of the ring to halt and stand quietly on the rail.

Horses must stand quietly and back readily in the lineup. TO BE PENALIZED: Pulling, head tossing, laboring action, going sideways and tail switching. SEC. 5 COSCA Award There will be one (1) high point award for Western Country Pleasure horses.

Points will be counted from Jr.

Exhibitor and adult Amateur classes provided both are offered at the same show, or as a combined class. COSCA Rule — Gaits: Horses to be shown at a walk, trot, and canter both ways of the ring.

To stand quietly and back readily.

It is the judge’s option to require an exhibitor to back his/her horse or to extend any gait.

Horses must be brought to a flat-footed walk before changing gaits.

The trot should be brisk, smart, cadenced, and balanced without loss of form.

Smoothness is more essential than extreme speed.

An extended trot may be called for at the judge’s option.

The canter should be smooth, collected, and straight on both leads with the ability to push on if so required.

Light contact with horse’s mouth must be maintained.

Horses to perform with natural animated, cadenced motion under moderate collection; extremely high artificial action will be severely penalized.

Horses not to be stretched (parked).

Horses should be obedient, alert, responsive, and move freely; they need not be eliminated for slight errors.

Horses to be judged on performance with emphasis on presence (style), quality (fineness), suitability of purpose, and brilliance. REGISTERED APPALOOSA ENGLISH PLEASURE HORSE – All Ages – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Horses to be shown at a walk, trot, and canter both ways of the ring.

To stand quietly and back readily.

It is the judge’s option to require an exhibitor to back his/her horse or to extend any gait. To be judged on performance, manners, conformation, quality, and substance.

COSCA Rule YEAR-END HIGH POINT AWARDS: Shows may divide classes as follows: REGISTERED APPALOOSA HUNTER UNDER SADDLE – All Ages – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings and REGISTERED APPALOOSA SADDLE SEAT PLEASURE – All Ages – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings.

Points earned in a given class will revert to the Registered Appaloosa English Pleasure Horse – All Ages – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings Class for one (1) year-end high point award. WESTERN PERFORMANCE: Equipment: In all Western classes, horses will be shown in a western stock saddle.

Silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

Bridle may be either a standard plain or silver headstall with browband, shaped ear, or split ear.

Stirrups shall not be tied to one another or to the saddle in any manner. References to a bit in Western performance classes mean the use of a curb bit that has a solid or broken mouthpiece, has shanks and acts with leverage.

All curb bits must be free of mechanical device and should be considered a standard western bit.

A description of a legal, standard, western bit includes: 8 1/2” maximum length shank to be measured as indicated in the accompanying diagram.

Shanks may be fixed or loose. Concerning mouthpieces, bars must be round, smooth, and unwrapped metal of 5/16” to 3/4” in diameter, measured 1” from the cheek.

It may be inlaid, but must be smooth or latex wrapped.

Nothing may protrude below the mouthpiece (bar), such as extensions or prongs.

The mouthpiece may be two (2) or three (3) pieces.

A three (3) piece with a connecting ring of 1 1/4” or less in diameter, or a connecting flat bar of 3/8” to 3/4” (measured top to bottom with a maximum length of 2”), which lies flat in the horse’s mouth is acceptable. The port must be no higher than 3 1/2” maximum, with rollers and covers acceptable.

Broken mouthpieces, half-breeds, grazing, and spades are standard. When a curb bit is used, a curb strap or curb chain is required, but must meet the approval of the judge, be at least 1/2” in width and lie flat against the jaw of the horse.

Curb straps must be free of barbs, wire and/or twists.

A broken curb strap or chain is not necessarily cause for disqualification. Senior horses (six [6] years old and older) may only be shown in a curb bit, half-breed, or spade bit. Junior horses (five [5] years old and younger) may be shown in a snaffle bit, hackamore, curb bit, half-breed, or spade bit. Except for hackamore/snaffle bit classes or junior horses shown with a hackamore/snaffle bit, only one (1) hand may be used on the reins, and the hand must not be changed.

The hand is to be around the reins; index finger only between split reins is permitted.

Violation of this rule is an automatic disqualification from the class.

The free hand shall not be used to support the rider by being placed on any part of the saddle or horse. Standard, leather or woven split reins are acceptable; index finger only between split reins.

Reins must be attached above the curb strap. When referring to a romal, it means an extension of braided material attached to closed reins.

This extension may be carried in the free hand with a 16-inch spacing between the reining hand and the free hand holding the romal.

When using a romal, the rider’s hand shall be around the reins with the wrist kept straight and relaxed, the thumb on top and the fingers closed around the reins.

When using the romal, no fingers between the reins are allowed.

The free hand may be used to adjust the rider’s length of reins while working.

The romal shall not be used forward of the cinch or to signal or cue the horse in any way.

Any infraction of this rule shall result in disqualification. Ideally the free hand should be resting on or in front of the rider’s thigh indicating a relaxed, balanced attitude of the body and should be kept free of the horse and equipment. A bit cannot be physically or mechanically altered to increase the severity of its use and may be eliminated at the discretion of the judge.

Spring loaded bits are approved as long as they meet all bit specifications.

The judge may prohibit the use of bits or equipment he/she may consider severe. An exhibitor may be required by the judge to remove or alter any piece of equipment which, in his/her opinion, would tend to give a horse or exhibitor an unfair advantage. Optional Equipment: Rope or riata; if used, the rope or riata must be coiled and attached to the saddle. — 4.

If bridles are to be checked, it is the sole decision of the judge to do so.

The judge may designate the steward to check bridles at the out gate.

Riders must dismount. Appointments. Competitors must be penalized for incomplete appointments but not necessarily disqualified. Bridle.

Any Western type headstall without noseband in conjunction with any standard Western bit shall be allowed.

A standard western bit is defined as having a shank with a maximum length of 8 ½”.

The mouthpiece will consist of a metal bar 5/16” to ¾” in diameter as measured one inch in from the shank.

The bars may be inlaid but must be smooth or latex wrapped.

Nothing may protrude below the mouthpiece (bar) such as extensions, prongs, or rivets designed to intimidate the horse.

Rollers attached to the center of the bit are acceptable, and may extend below the bar.

Jointed mouthpieces are acceptable and may consist of two or three pieces and may have one or two joints.

A three piece mouthpiece may include a connecting ring of 1 ¼” or less in diameter or a connecting flat bar of 3/8” to ¾” (measured top to bottom with a maximum length of two (2”) inches, which lies flat in the mouth, or a roller or port as described herein.

The port must be no higher than 3 ½” with roller(s) and covers acceptable.

Jointed mouthpieces, half-breeds, and spade bits are standard.

Slip or gag bits, rigid donut mouthpieces and flat polo mouthpieces are prohibited.

Roping bits with both reins connected to a single ring at center of crossbar shall not be used.

Reins may be attached to each shank.

Curb chains, if used, and flat leather chin straps must be at least ½” in width and lie flat against the jaws of the horse.

No wire, rawhide, metal or other substance can be used in conjunction with or as part of the flat leather chin strap, or curb chain.

Round, rolled, braided or rawhide curb straps are prohibited, except when used on a ring snaffle when applied below the reins.

A light lip strap is permissible.

Any rein design or other device which increases the effective length and thereby the leverage of the shank of a standard western bit is prohibited. 3.

Hackamore. (Bosal) or standard snaffle are permitted in any class on horses five (5) years old and under, unless prohibited in the prize list.

A standard snaffle bit is defined as a center jointed single, rounded, unwrapped, smooth mouthpiece of 5/16” to ¾” diameter metal as measured from ring to 1” in from the ring with a gradual decrease to the center of the snaffle.

The rings may be from 2” to 4” outside diameter of either the loose type, eggbutt, dee, or center mounted without cheeks.

If a curb strap is used it must be attached below the reins.

A horse shown in either a hackamore or snaffle must never have been shown in any Western event in a bridle.

A hackamore includes a bosal rounded in shape and constructed of braided rawhide or leather and must have a flexible non-metallic core, attached to a suitable headstall.

No other material of any kind is to be used in conjunction with the bosal, ie, steel, metal or chains (Exception: smooth, plastic electrical tape is acceptable if applied in a smooth, untwisted manner).

Two hands may be used on hackamore (Bosal) and Western snaffle reins.

Attached reins may be of hair, rope, or leather.

Both hands must be visible to the judge. 4.

Split reins or closed reins are equally acceptable.

Only one hand may be used on reins and hands must not be changed.

Hand to be around reins.

When ends of split reins fall on side of reining hand, one finger between reins is permitted.

When using romal or when ends of split reins are held in hand not used for reining, no finger between reins is allowed.

Rider may hold romal or end of split reins to keep them from swinging and to adjust the position of the reins provided it is held at least 16” from the reining hand. 5.

Rope, riata, and/or hobbles are optional. 6.

Hackamore bits, cavesson type nosebands, martingales, and tie-downs are prohibited. 7.

Saddle.

Any standard stock saddle is permissible, but silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

Tapaderos may not be used. 8.

Riders shall wear Western hat, long-sleeved shirt with any type collar, trousers or pants (one piece long sleeved equitation suit is acceptable provided it includes a collar).

Chaps, shotguns chaps, or chinks, and boots required.

A vest, jacket, coat, and/or sweater may also be worn.

Protective headgear may be worn without penalty. 9.

Spurs are optional at the discretion of the exhibitor. 10.

Boots and/or bandages are not permitted. Qualifying Gaits. The good western pleasure horse has a comfortable free flowing stride of reasonable length in keeping with the individual’s conformation.

It should cover a reasonable amount of ground with little effort.

Ideally, the horse should have a balanced, sweeping motion that requires no more than light contact by the rider.

The head and neck serve as a balance arm and are carried in a relaxed, natural position appropriate for each individual’s own conformation.

Maximum credit should be given to the responsive, confident, willingly guided horse that performs all the required gaits correctly with strength and finesse.

The horse should be balanced in all aspects; conformation, gait, and disposition.

Such a horse is an athlete that goes softly and gives the appearance of being fit and capable of the tasks.

Ultimately, the horse is very eye appealing and gives the impression of being a pleasure to ride.

Light contact should be measured by a horse’s response to the rider’s hands, seat and legs, and not merely by the tension in the reins.

However, an excessively draped rein is just as undesirable as an extremely tight rein.

Subtle cues are desirable, while an absence of cues is not.

The individual that willingly and quietly responds to subtle cues by the rider is performing with light contact. (For performance criteria, see USEF Rule Book, Chapter WS, Western Pleasure Chart.) 1.

Walk, a four-beat gait: True, flat footed, and ground covering. 2.

Jog-Trot, a two-beat gait: Free, square, slow, and easy. 3.

Lope, a true three-beat gait: Smooth, slow, easy, and straight on both leads. 4.

Hand Gallop: A real hand gallop, not merely an extended lope, extreme speed to be penalized.

There should be a distinct difference between the lope and the hand gallop. REG.

ARABIAN WESTERN PLEASURE HORSES – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings To be shown at a walk, jog-trot, lope, and hand gallop.

Extreme speed to be penalized.

To be judged on manners, performance, substance, quality, and conformation.

USEF Rule REG.

HALF-ARABIAN/ANGLO-ARABIAN WESTERN PLEASURE HORSES – Mares, & Geldings — 3.

Light contact with the horse’s mouth must be maintained at all gaits. 4.

Judges must consider all gaits in adjudicating the class. 5.

If bridles are to be checked, it is the sole decision of the judge to do so.

The judge may designate the steward to check bridles at the out gate.

Riders must dismount. 6.

Only one hand may be used on reins and hands must not be changed.

Hand to be around reins.

When end of split reins falls on side of reining hand, one finger between reins is permitted.

When using romal or when ends of split reins are held in hand not used for reining, no finger between reins is allowed.

Rider may hold romal or end of split reins to keep them from swinging and adjust the position of the reins provided it is held at least 16” from the reining hand. 7.

Horses shall be asked to back at the judge’s discretion. Personal Appointments. 1.competitors must be penalized for incomplete appointments but not necessarily disqualified. 2.

Riders must wear Western hat; long-sleeved shirt any type of collar, (exhibitors in National Show Horse, and Saddlebred divisions must wear a necktie, kerchief, or bolo tie) trousers or pants, and boots; (a one-piece long-sleeved equitation suit is acceptable provided it includes any type of collar).

Chaps, shotgun chaps and spurs are optional (riders showing at an Arabian, Half-Arabian, Morgan, National Show Horse, or Saddlebred competition must wear chaps).

A vest, jacket, coat and/or sweater may also be worn.

Protective headgear may be worn without penalty; not required to be of Western style.

Refer to USEF GR318. 3.

A side saddle rider must wear an apron of closed or button type with belt under loops.

It is suggested that an apron with waist band cut the same as chaps and double thickness, be used in classes where chaps are required. Tack. 1.competitors must be penalized for incomplete appointments but not necessarily disqualified.

Entries shall be shown with stock saddle but silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

A side saddle shall be considered legal equipment.

Tapaderos are prohibited. 2.

There shall be no discrimination against any standard Western bit.

A standard Western bit is defined as having a shank with a maximum length overall of 8 1/2”.

The mouthpiece will consist of a metal bar 5/16” to ¾” in diameter as measured one inch in from the shank.

The bars may be inlaid but must be smooth or latex wrapped.

Nothing may protrude below the mouthpiece (bar) such as extensions, prongs, or rivets designed to intimidate the horse.

Rollers attached to the center of the bit are acceptable, and may extend below the bar.

Jointed mouthpieces are acceptable and may consist of two or three pieces and may have one or two joints.

A three-piece mouthpiece may include a connecting ring of 1 ¼” or less in diameter or a connecting flat bar of 3/8” to ¾” (measured top to bottom with a maximum length of 2”), which lies flat in the mouth, or a roller or port as described herein.

The port must be no higher than 3 ½” maximum with roller(s) and covers acceptable.

Jointed mouthpieces, half-breeds, and spade bits are standard.

Slip or gag bits, rigid donut mouthpieces, and flat polo mouthpieces are prohibited.

Roping bits with both reins connected to a single ring at center of cross bar shall not be used.

Reins must be attached to each shank.

Any rein design or other device which increases the effective length and thereby the leverage of the shank of a standard western bit is prohibited.

Anything that alters the intended use of equipment as provided for in the description of appointments for a given class is considered to be an artificial appliance. 3.

Standard snaffle bits are permitted in any class on a junior horse five years old and under.

A standard snaffle bit is defined as a center jointed single rounded, unwrapped smooth mouthpiece of 5/16” to ¾” diameter metal as measured from ring to 1” in from the ring with a gradual decrease to the center of the snaffle.

The rings may be from 2” to 4” outside diameter of either the loose type, eggbutt, dee, or center mounted without cheeks.

If a curb strap is used it must be attached below the reins. (For illustration of acceptable curb chains and overall bit length see USEF WS3.) 4.

Hackamores are permitted in any class on a junior horse five years old and under.

A hackamore includes a bosal rounded in shape and constructed of flexible braided rawhide or leather and must have a flexible nonmetallic core attached to a suitable headstall with maximum diameter of ¾” at the cheek.

Attached reins may be of hair, rope, or leather.

No other material of any kind is to be used in conjunction with a bosal, ie, steel, metal, or chains (Exception: smooth plastic electrical tape is acceptable). 5.

Hoses shall not be shown with artificial appliances that would tend to alter their performance.

Curb chains and leather chin straps may be used but must be flat and at least ½” in width and lie flat against the jaws of the horse.

No wire, rawhide, metal, or other substance can be used in conjunction with or as part of the leather chin strap, or curb chains.

Rounded, rolled, braided, or rawhide curb straps are prohibited.

A light lip strap is permissible.

Hackamore bits, bosals, cavesson type nosebands, martingales, and tie-downs are prohibited.

A judge does not have the authority to add or to remove any of the standard equipment as specified above. 6.

Bandages and boots of any type are prohibited.

In the event of injury, the judge may permit a protective bandage. Snaffle or Hackamore Horse. A snaffle or hackamore horse is a junior horse and may be shown in a ring snaffle or hackamore with two hands (both hands must be visible to the judge) and may also be shown in a bridle (one handed).

A junior horse may be switched back and forth from a bridle to snaffle or hackamore (Arabians, Half-Arabians, National Show Horses, and Saddlebreds may not switch back and forth from a bridle to snaffle or hackamore). Qualifying Gaits. 1.

For performance criteria, see chart (USEF NS14). a.

Walk, a four-beat gait: True, flat footed and ground covering. b.

Jog-trot, a two-beat gait: Free, square, slow and easy. c. Lope, a true three-beat gait: Smooth, slow and straight on both leads. d.

Hand Gallop — Ladies’ Side Saddle attire and appointments: 1.

Bridle: See USEF Rules AR120.1, AR128.1, AR132, AR136.1, and AR187.2.

Appropriate bridle of style depicted by a period costume is also acceptable. 2.

Martingales or tie downs are prohibited. 3.

Saddle: Appropriate side saddle, either English or Western style. 4.

Attire: English (hunt, show hack, or saddle seat).

A short-sleeved (long-sleeved if western), and skirt, divided skirt or apron, hat, and boots are required.

For specific recommendations regarding attire refer to USEF Rules WS104.2 and 3904.3 (Western), HU121 (Hunter).

Period attire is also acceptable and encouraged to be researched as to the authenticity of the entire costume.

Hat and boots required.

Protective headgear may be worn without penalty (see GR318). 5.

Spur, whip, or crop optional, at the exhibitor’s discretion. 6.competitors must be penalized for incomplete appointments but not necessarily disqualified.

Protective headgear may be worn without penalty (see GR318). Western attire: Riders must wear Western hat; long-sleeved shirt with any type of collar, trousers or pants, and boots; (a one-piece long-sleeved equitation suit is acceptable provided it includes any type of collar).

Chaps, shotgun chaps and spurs are optional.

A vest, jacket, coat and/or sweater may also be worn.

A side saddle rider must wear an apron of closed or button type with belt under loops.

It is suggested that an apron with waistband cut the same as chaps and double thickness, be used in classes where chaps are required. Protective headgear with harness is optional in all classes, not required to be of Western style. Appointments for Western classes are as follows: Tack: Entries shall be shown with stock saddle but silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

A side saddle shall be considered legal equipment.

There shall be no discrimination against any standard Western bit.

Nothing may protrude below the mouthpiece (bar); such as, extensions, prongs, or rivets designed to intimidate the horse.

Rollers attached to the center of the bit are acceptable, and may extend below the bar.

Jointed mouthpieces are acceptable and may consist of two or three pieces and may have one or two joints.

A three-piece mouthpiece may include a connecting ring of 1 1/4” or less in diameter or which lies flat in the mouth, or a roller or port.

Jointed mouthpieces, half-breeds, and spade bits are standard.

Slip or gag bits are prohibited.

Roping bits with both reins connected to a single rein at center of cross bar shall not be used.

Reins must be attached to each shank. Standard snaffle bits are permitted in any class on a junior horse.

A standard snaffle bit is defined as a center jointed single, rounded, unwrapped smooth mouthpiece of 5/16” to 3/4″ diameter metal as measured from ring to 1” in from the ring with a gradual decrease to the center of the snaffle.

The rings may be from 2” to 4” outside diameter of either the loose type, eggbutt, dee, or center mounted without cheeks.

If a curb strap is used it must be attached below the reins. Hackamores are permitted in any class on a junior horse.

A hackamore includes a bosal rounded in shape and constructed of braided rawhide or leather and must have a flexible nonmetallic core attached to a suitable headstall.

Attached reins may be of hair, rope or leather.

No other material of any kind is to be used in conjunction with a bosal, ie steel, metal or chains (exception: smooth plastic electrical tape is acceptable.) OPEN HALTER HORSE – 2 Yrs. & Under – Colts, Fillies, & Geldings – English or Western Open to any breed or combination of breeds, two years old or younger as of January 1st of the current year. Class may be split by age; ie weanlings, yearlings, 2-year olds. Horses to be shown in hand at walk and trot.

Any type suitable headstall may be used.

To be judged on conformation, action, substance, quality, and manners.

Transmissible weaknesses and/or unsoundness to be counted strongly against animal.

Handlers should be appropriately attired for this class. COSCA Rule NOTE: This class may be divided Saddle/Pleasure Type and Stock/Hunter Type.

Points will revert back to the combined class for one (1) year-end high point award. OPEN HALTER HORSE – 3 Yrs. & Over – Stallions, Mares, & Geldings – English or Western Open to any breed or combination of breeds, three years old or older as of January 1st of the current year. Horses to be shown in hand at walk and trot.

Any type suitable headstall may be used.

To be judged on conformation, action, substance, quality, and manners.

Transmissible weaknesses and/or unsoundness to be counted strongly against animal.

Handlers should be appropriately attired for this class. COSCA Rule — GENERAL RULES: All horses shown in this Division must be registered with American Paint Horse Association and/or The Pinto Horse Association of America Inc, no breeding stock.

All horses entered must enter under their full registered name.

Exhibitors MUST be prepared to prove proper registration by showing their registration papers.

Photostatic copies of both sides of up-to-date original papers will be acceptable proof of registration.

Weanlings may be exhibited without a Certificate of Registration, but must be shown as unnamed. TYPE, MARKINGS, CONFORMATION: The Paint horse is a stock-type horse.

Head relatively short and wide with small muzzle and shallow, firm mouth; nostrils full and sensitive; ears short and active, set wide apart; large eyes, set wide; well developed jaws with width between lower edges; neck of sufficient length, with a trim throatlatch and not too much thickness or depth joining the head at a 45 degree angle, and blending into sloping shoulders which are long and relatively heavy muscled; medium high and well defined withers the same height as croup; deep and broad chest with wide set forelegs and well muscled forearm; back short close couples and powerful across loin; deep girth with well sprung ribs; broad deep well muscled quarters that are full through the thigh, stifle and gaskin; cannon bone with broad flat clean strong and low set knee and hocks; firm ankles and medium length sloping pastern, tough texture and wide open heels. Four distinct types of horses are recognized by Pinto: Stock, Hunter, Pleasure and Saddle.

No specific breed type will be favored in judging. Pintos must be sound, attractive and show breeding quality along with performance ability.

Head should be small and breedy with well shaped ears, large eyes set well apart, wide forehead tapering to small muzzle with large nostrils and firm mouth.

Neck must be nicely arched with well defined throat joining smooth to broad chest and sloping shoulders, short back with deep girth and well strung ribs, legs strong and well modeled bones, feet rounded sound and medium size.

Supplemental hair in mane or tail is permitted in any Division. There are only two color patterns: Tobiano and Overo, with wide variations in colors and areas.

Color of horse or amount of white is not to be counted in judging in conformation or performance.

No discrimination shall be made towards light or dark skin or color of eyes or pattern type.

Glass or blue eyes are a natural Paint/Pinto trait. WESTERN APPOINTMENTS: Horses shall be shown with a stock saddle, but silver equipment will not count over good working outfit.

Horses in Junior Western Pleasure Class or horses 4 years and under in all age Western Pleasure may be shown in either a hackamore, bosal or bit.

Horses in a Senior Western Pleasure Class or horses 5 years and over must be shown in a bit. There shall be no discrimination against any standard Western bit.

A standard Western bit is defined as having a shank with a maximum length overall of 9 1/2”.

The mouthpiece will consist of a smooth metal bar or twisted wire with a minimum diameter of 3/8” – 5/16”.

The port may be no higher than 4” from the bottom of the bar to the top of the port.

Rollers contained within a legal port will be acceptable if the actual roller only drops below the level of the bar.

Copper wrapped bits acceptable.

Any bit with sharp edges will be disqualified.

The judge may prohibit the use of any equipment he/she considers severe or inhumane. Riders shall wear long sleeved Western attire, Western hats and cowboy boots.

The use of spurs, chaps or similar gear and carrying rope or reata is optional in performance classes. HUNTER UNDER SADDLE: Bridle – Snaffle, pelham or kimberwick permitted.

Pelhams with double reins, no converters.

Copper wrapped or twisted wire are allowed, but must gauge a minimum of 3/8” – 5/16” when measured 1” from the cheek.

Any bit with sharp edges will be disallowed.

Plain cavesson noseband shall be used.

No martingales.

Saddles hunt or forward seat. Dress – Riders shall wear hunt coats of dark conservative colors, breeches, boots, stock tie or choker, and hunt cap.

Gloves, spurs, crop or bat optional. SADDLE SEAT: Bridle – Weymouth or pelham.

Martingales prohibited. Dress – Informal attire consisting of solid color saddle suit (day coats permitted) and derby or soft hat.

Formal attire consisting of dark colored riding habit and accessories or dark tuxedo type jacket and jodhpurs to match with top hat and gloves or colored formal jacket with black jodhpurs and derby or top hat and gloves.

Spurs, gloves (informal attire), whip or crop optional. SHOEING: Stock & Hunter – The use of shoes other than standard horse shoes is to be discouraged and may be penalized by the judge.

Use of wedge pad is permitted.

Toe length not to exceed 4 1/2” including shoe and pad; weight of shoe not to exceed 12 oz. — TACK: 1.

Metal on Nosepiece.

A curb chain or curb strap is permitted but shall not be cruelly tight.

Except for schooling classes, metal is not permitted in, under, over, or attached to the cavesson nosepiece except for necessary buckles. 2.

No Metal or Browbands.

No metal decoration is allowed on browbands. 3.

Schooling Headgear.

In Youth classes, except Equitation classes, headgear can be any training headgear not considered cruel or inhumane by the judge or show committee.

Bare metal, except for curb chains or parts of buckles, is not allowed. 4.

English Tack. a.

Saddle.

In all classes where English tack is designated, saddles may be of any English type except forward seat jumping saddles are prohibited unless a jump is required in the class.

If a saddlepad is used, it will be conservative in color and conform to the shape of the saddle.

Stirrups for classes requiring English tack must conform in overall shape to commonly regarded English tack. b.

Bridle.

Except as provided in the next sentence, bridles must be leather, but not rawhide except Schooling Classes where rawhide is permitted, Colombian or English type headstall, flat, rolled or braided.

Goatskin bridles with white or crème colored reins matching the bridles may be used.

Cheek pieces may be 3/8 to 5/8 inch with a matching, plain or stitched, cavesson and matching browband.

The browband and cavesson nose piece may not exceed one (1) inch in width.

Dropped nosebands, tie downs, and martingales are prohibited.

Headstalls may have a throatlatch with a pisador.

The pisador may be rawhide.

Throat latches may tie rather than buckle. c.

Reins.

Reins may be leather, flat rolled, or braided.

Nylon or other natural or man-made fiber reins may be used (hereafter referred to as “nylon”).

In all classes nylon reins may be used, but they must be the same color as the headstall.combination leather/nylon buckle-back reins may be used.

Snaps that attach the reins to the bit or bosal may be used in all classes.

The guide to Paso Fino Tack- The guide to Paso Fino Tack lists examples of acceptable tack where English and Western Tack is designated.

This guide is available in the PFHA rulebook. d.

Other.

An English breast strap or breast plate not exceeding 1” may be used.

No silver or vinyl or reflective vinyl is allowed on headgear, breast straps, or breast plates. 5.

Western Tack. a.

In all classes where Western tack is designated, the tack shall consist of a good working stock saddle.

Silver equipment is permitted but must not predominate.

Australian Stock Saddles are prohibited in Western Pleasure classes.

The head stall shall be of the Western type customarily used with a stock saddle, including bosals.

Colombian and Western hackamore, mecates, sidepulls, curb, and snaffle bits may be used.

Cavessons and nose bands are prohibited.

Breastplates are permitted. b.

Bits.

Bits are required in all classes except Schooling Classes or other classes as specified.

Bits may be of any humane approved type (per USEF guide by Ronald J.

Rhodes and in accordance with Appendix A of the PHFA Rule Book).

However, shanks cannot exceed six (6) inches, upper shank of bit from mouthpiece to where bit attaches to bridle cannot exceed (3) inches, and all bits with shanks must have a curb strap or curb chain attached and used for leverage.

The length of a shank shall be measured in a straight line from the mouthpiece to end of the shank.

Slip or gag bits, rigid donut mouthpieces and flat polo mouthpieces are prohibited.

Any rein design or bit shank which increases the effective length and thereby the leverage of the shank of the bit is prohibited 6.

Crops and Spurs.

Blunt spurs appropriate for English or Western classes, respectively, and a riding crop not exceeding thirty (30) inches in length may be used. 7.

Special Tack, Attire, or Considerations.

An individual requiring special show considerations shall submit a request to the show secretary who will note appropriate judge’s cards accordingly and inform the steward of same.

These special considerations may include the exemption from dismounting and mounting in Paso Pleasure classes. YOUTH DIVISION: Age.

A rider’s age for Youth classes shall be determined by the rider’s age on September 1 of the current competition year, and this age shall remain the same throughout the competition year. Safety Headgear.

All riders twelve (12) years old and under are required to wear safety headgear (hard hat with chin strap) in all classes. Handling Stallions.

A child under thirteen (13) shall not at any time ride, handle, and/or exhibit a colt or stallion on the show grounds during an Association sanctioned show.

This rule applies to all classes, point or non-point, specifically including leadline classes.

The adult responsible for such a child who violates this rule will be subject to dismissal from the show grounds and forfeiture of any remaining fees. **4H rules supersede the Paso Fino Horse Association rules with respect to the age at which youth can show a stallion Open Youth: Youth 17 years old or younger. Suitability: In all youth classes, special attention should be paid to the suitability of the horse for its rider.

Horses should not appear unmanageable or too excitable for their riders, nor should they be unwilling to work for their riders.

Good disposition is paramount for a youth horse. REGISTERED PASO FINO BELLA FORMAS (Conformation) QUALIFYING GAIT AND CLASS SPECIFICATIONS: The choice of gait is optional, either Classic Fino or Paso Corto, and one form of the gait shall not be given preference over the other. — (a) Youth Activity classes are open to any exhibitor 18 years of age or younger as of January 1st of the current competition year.

The age of the youth as of January 1st shall be maintained throughout the entire year. (b) Stallions are NOT permitted in any youth activity classes. (c) TO THE SHOW COMMITTEE: It is strongly recommended to the show committee to split showmanship and horsemanship classes by age, making one class 13 years of age and under, and the other 14-18 years, inclusive, but may not exclude one class or the other. (d) English horsemanship may be split by age as described and/or type of seat shown, but may not exclude one or the other. NOTE: When this class is split by type of seat shown, the points will only count on the first class shown at that show. (e) Showmanship class may be split English or Western but may not exclude one or the other.

Only the points for the first class shown at that show will count. Saddle Seat attire: Suggested are conservative colors such as black, blue, gray, beige or brown jacket with matching jodhpurs.

Day coat with jodhpurs also permitted.

Derby or soft hat required.

Contrasting vest and/or ties are acceptable.

Spurs, whip or crop optional at the exhibitor’s discretion. Saddle Seat attire for showmanship: Long-sleeved shirt, tie, hat, jodhpurs and jodhpur boots are mandatory.

Gloves, vest and coat are optional.

Formal attire is not to be worn before 6:00 p.m.

And is not mandatory after 6:00 p.m. Hunt Seat attire: Riders should wear coats of any tweed or Melton for hunting (conservative wash jackets in season), breeches or jodhpurs and boots.

Conservative colored protective headgear is mandatory.

Spurs, crops or bats are optional at the exhibitor’s discretion. Western attire: Riders must wear Western hat; long-sleeved shirt with any type of collar, trousers or pants, and boots; (a one-piece long-sleeved equitation suit is acceptable provided it includes any type of collar).

Chaps, shotgun chaps, and spurs are optional.

A vest, jacket, coat and/or sweater may also be worn.

Protective headgear with harness is optional in all classes, not required to be of Western style.

A side-saddle rider must wear an apron of closed or button type with belt under loops.

It is suggested that an apron with waistband cut the same as chaps and double thickness, be used in classes where chaps are required. Tack: Horses shall be shown with a stock saddle but silver equipment will not count over a good working outfit.

Cavesson-type nosebands are prohibited.

Rope and curb-chains are optional.

One hand only to be used on split reins.

With Romal Reins two hands are permitted in correct position.

Two hands permissible with snaffle bit or hackamore. YA OPEN HALTER – 18 Yrs. & Under – Horse or Pony – English or Western – Mares & Geldings Only (It is strongly recommended that this class be divided by ages 13 Yrs. & under and 14-18 Yrs.

Inclusive.) (Year-end high point awards will be awarded by above divided ages.) Horses or ponies to be shown in hand at a walk and trot.

Any type suitable headstall may be used.

To be judged on conformation, action, substance, quality, and manners.

Transmissible weaknesses and/or unsoundness to be counted strongly against animal.

Handlers should be appropriately attired for this class. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule YA SHOWMANSHIP – 18 Yrs. & Under – Horse or Pony – English or Western – Mares & Geldings Only (Strongly recommend class be divided 10 Yrs. & Under, 11-13 Yrs., and 14-18 Yrs.

Inclusive.) (Three [3] year-end high point awards.) To be judged on (1) grooming and fitting of horse, (2) appearance and grooming of showman, (3) presentation of horse and showmanship skills displayed in the ring.

When diagonal gait is called for in pattern, appropriate lateral gait will be accepted based on breed standards. At the show committee’s discretion, class may be split as to horse or pony.

If a class is split, cross entering will not be permitted.

Ponies must be measured prior to entering any class that is split.

COSCA Rule ATTENTION ANNOUNCER: Please ask the audience not to clap or make noise during Walk-Trot classes – wait until the class has been judged. (“Spotters” are required in walk-trot classes.

These should be responsible knowledgeable horse people over the age of 16 years.

Number of “spotters” to be determined by ring conditions and number of entries in class.

Parents may be utilized. “Spotters” are not permitted to converse or coach while in the ring.

No action must be taken by these “spotters” unless an emergency situation arises.) YA PONY & HORSE LEAD-IN EQUITATION – 6 Yrs. & Under – Mares & Geldings Only English or Western tack and attire permitted.

No side saddles permitted.

NO COSTUMES. The leaders shall be adult or child and shall not be considered in judging.

Animal should be led on a loose rein.

To be judged on rider’s seat and hands 60%; manners of animal 20%; general suitability of animal to rider, appropriate attire and equipment 20%.

No stallions permitted.

To be shown both ways of the ring at a walk.

Do not line up head to tail.

Both rider and leader must be members of COSCA to be eligible for points. (No money to be paid in this class.) Spurs and ropes are optional.

Chaps are optional.

Nosebands not permitted with Western tack.

Must be shown without artificial appliances (ie tiedowns, overchecks, tapederos, etc.).

Whips or bats allowed, but the length must not exceed 25”, plus a 4” cracker, or a total of 29”.

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