surcingle — a girth for a horse, 1390, from O

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Silver earrings surcingle — a girth for a horse, 1390, from O

suppository — 1392, from M.L.

Suppositorium, noun use of neut.

Of L.L.

Suppositorius “placed underneath or up,” from L.

Suppositus, pp.

Of supponere “put or place under” (see suppose). suppress — c.1380, “to put down by force or authority,” from L.

Suppressus, pp.

Of supprimere “press down, stop, check, stifle,” from sub “down, under” + premere “push against” (see press (v.1)).

Sense of “prevent or prohibit the circulation of” is from 1560. suppuration — 1541, from L.

Suppurationem (nom.

Suppuratio), noun of action from suppuratum, pp.

Of suppurare “form or discharge pus,” from sub “under” + stem of pus (see pus). supra- — prefix meaning “above, over, beyond,” from L.

Supra “above, before, beyond,” in supera (parte), lit. “on the upper (side),” from old fem.

Ablative singular of superus (adj.) “above,” related to super “above, over” (see super-). supralapsarian — 1633, see infralapsarian, of which it is the opposite. supreme — 1523, from M.Fr.

Suprême, from L.

Supremus “highest,” superlative of superus “situated above,” from super “above” (see super-).

Supreme Being first attested 1699; Supreme Court is from 1709.

Supremacist is attested from 1959, originally with ref.

To racial beliefs. sur- — prefix meaning “over, above, beyond, in addition,” especially in words from Anglo-Fr.

And O.Fr., from O.Fr.

Sour-, sor-, sur-, from L.

Super (see super-). sura — chapter of the Quran, 1615, from Arabic surah, lit. “step, degree.” surcease — 1428, from Anglo-Fr.

Surseser, from O.Fr.

Sursis, pp.

Of surseoir “to refrain, delay,” from L.

Supersedere (see supersede).

The Eng.

Spelling with -c- was influenced by the unrelated verb cease. surcharge (v.) — 1429, from M.Fr.

Surcharger, from O.Fr.

Sur- “over” + chargier “to load” (see charge).

The noun is first attested 1569. surcingle — a girth for a horse, 1390, from O.Fr.

Surcengle, from sur- “over” + cengle “a girdle,” from L.

Cingulum “girth” (see cinch). surcoat — outer coat, c.1330, from O.Fr.

Surcote, from sur- “on, upon, over, above” + cote (see coat). surd — 1551, “irrational” (of numbers), from L.

Surdus “unheard, silent, dull,” possibly related to susurrus “a muttering, whispering” (see susurration).

The mathematical sense is from the use of L.

Surdus to translate Ar. (jadhr) asamm “deaf (root),” itself a loan-translation of Gk.

Alogos, lit. “speechless, without reason” (Euclid bk.

X, Def.).

In Fr., sourd remains the principal word for “deaf.” sure — c.1300, “safe, secure,” later “mentally certain” (c.1450), from O.Fr.

Sur, seur “safe, secure,” from L.

Securus “free from care, untroubled, heedless, safe” (see secure).

Pronunciation development followed that of sugar.

As an affirmative meaning “yes, certainly” it dates from 1803, from M.E.

Meanings “firmly established, having no doubt,” and phrases like to be sure (1657), sure enough (1545), and for sure (1586).

The use as a qualifier meaning “assuredly” goes back to 1425.

Sure-footed is from 1633; sure-fire first attested 1901; sure thing dates from 1836.

In 16c.-17c., Suresby was an appellation for a person to be depended upon. surety — c.1300, from O.Fr.

Seurté, from L.

Securitatem (nom.

Securitas) “freedom from care or danger, safety, security,” from securus (see secure).

Until 1966, the Fr.

National criminal police department was the Sûreté nationale. surf (n.) — 1685, probably from earlier suffe (1599), of uncertain origin.

Originally used in reference to the coast of India, hence perhaps of Indic origin.

Or perhaps a phonetic respelling of sough, which meant “a rushing sound.” The verb meaning “ride the crest of a wave” is from 1917; surfer, surfing both from 1955.

In the Internet sense, first recorded 1993. surface — 1611, from Fr.

Surface “outermost boundary of anything, outside part” (16c.), from O.Fr.

Sur- “above” + face (see face).

Patterned on L.

Superficies “surface” (see superficial).

The verb meaning “come to the surface” is first recorded 1898; earlier it meant “bring to the surface” (1885), and “to give something a polished surface” (1778). surfeit (n.) — c.1300, from O.Fr.

Surfet “excess,” noun use of pp.

Of surfaire “overdo,” from sur- “over” + faire “do,” from L.

Facere “to make” (see factitious).

The verb is first recorded 1393. surge (n.) — 1490, “fountain, stream,” probably from M.Fr.

Sourge-, stem of sourdre “to rise, swell,” from L.

Surgere “to rise,” contraction of surrigere “to rise,” from sub “up from below” + regere “to keep straight, guide” (see right).

Meaning “high, rolling swell of water” is from 1530; figurative sense of “excited rising up” (as of feelings) is from 1520.

The verb is first recorded 1511. surgeon — c.1300, from Anglo-Fr.

Surgien (13c.), from O.Fr.

Serurgien, cirurgien, from cirurgie “surgery,” from L.

Chirurgia, from Gk.

Kheirourgia, from kheirourgos “working or done by hand,” from kheir “hand” + ergon “work” (see urge (v.)).

Surgery (c.1300) is from O.Fr.

Surgerie, contracted from serurgerie, from L.L.

Chirurgia. surly — 1566, “lordly, majestic,” alteration of M.E.

Sirly “lordly, imperious” (14c.), from sir.

The meaning “rude, gruff” is first attested 1670.

For sense development, cf.

Lordly, and Ger.

Herrisch “domineering, imperious,” from Herr “master, lord.” surmise — c.1400, “to charge, allege,” from O.Fr.

Surmis, pp.

Of surmettre “to accuse,” from sur- “upon” + mettre “put,” from L.

Mittere “to send” (see mission).

Meaning “to infer conjecturally” is recorded from 1700.

The noun meaning “inference, guess” is first found in Eng. 1590; earlier it was a legal term meaning “formal allegation” (1451). surmount — c.1369, “to rise above, go beyond,” from O.Fr.

Surmounter “rise above,” from sur- “beyond” + monter “to go up” (see mount (v.)).

Meaning “to prevail over, overcome” is recorded from 1390. surname — c.1330, “name, title, or epithet added to a person’s name,” from sur “above” + name; modeled on Anglo-Fr.

Surnoun “surname” (c.1325), variant of O.Fr.

Surnom, from sur “over” + nom “name.” Meaning “family name” is first found 1375.

Hereditary surnames existed among Norman nobility in England in early 12c., among common people began to be used 13c., increasingly frequent until near universal by end of 14c.

The process was later in the north of England than the south.

The verb is attested from 1548. surpass — 1555, from M.Fr.

Surpasser “go beyond, exceed, excel,” from O.Fr.

Sur- “beyond” + passer “to go by” (see pass (v.)). surplice — loose white robe, c.1290, from O.Fr.

Surpeliz, from M.L.

Superpellicium “a surplice,” lit. “an over fur garment,” from L.

Super “over” (see super-) + M.L.

Pellicium “fur garment, tunic of skins,” from L.

Pellis “skin.” So called because it was put on over fur garments worn by clergymen to keep warm in unheated medieval churches.

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Other Sources:

  • Saddle – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • Stables Steakhouse | Terre Haute IN
  • Auburn Women’s Equestrian – Auburn University Official Athletic Site
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