82 • A GUIDE TO THOROUGHBRED OWNERSHIP IN CANADA Purse The total amount of money that can be won in the race.
This once had a literal meaning when the prize money was placed in a purse and hung on a wire crossing the finish line.
Quarter Crack Crack in wall of hoof running downwards from coronet.
Quarter Pole The large red and white marker or pole located at the turn of the stretch one-quarter of a mile from the finish (on a one-mile track).
Quarter 1) 1/4 of a mile, 440 yards and 1,320 feet. 2) Also the side of the hoof.
Rabbit The speed horse in a coupled entry.
The rabbit is expected to set a fast pace to help chances of its come-from-behind stablemate.
Racing Secretary The racing official that determines the conditions for particular races and assigns individual weights for handicap races.
Rail Barrier or railing running around the entire inside and outside perimeter of the race course.
Receiving Barn Horses entered are isolated here for a certain period before a race.
Ridden Out Finishing a race without a rider urging the horse to do its utmost, even though it has a wide margin over the second horse. Ridgeling A colt with one or both testicles that have not descended.
Rising Horse that is approaching 5 years of age is said to be “rising”.
Roan (Ro.) Most of this horse’s coat is made up of red and white hair.
The mane, tail and legs may be black, chestnut or roan.
Rogue’s Badge Blinkers.
Route Long race — a mile and an eight or longer. “Router” Horse that excels at longer distances.
Ruck Rear end of the field.
Rundown Bandages (wraps) Bandages on the hind legs, usually with a pad inside, to keep a horse from “burning” or scraping his heels when he races.
Saddle The jockey never sits while racing, used only for support; it weighs less than 2 pounds.
It is little more than scraps of leather with stirrups.
Saddle Cloth A cotton cloth that goes under the saddle to absorb sweat.
It usually displays the horse’s program number — in major races the name of the horse.
Scale of Weights Fixed imposts to be carried by horses in a race according to established criteria. A GUIDE TO THOROUGHBRED OWNERSHIP IN CANADA • 83 Scratch Horse that has been removed from the entries of a race due to injury or sickness.
There is a deadline for scratches, after which permission must be given from the appropriate officials.
Second Call Secondary mount of jockey in the event the first horse is scratched.
Set Group of horses being exercised together.
Shadow Roll Thick noseband attached to the noseband of the bridle used to prevent the horse from seeing shadows on the ground causing it to jump.
Shank Length of leather attached to the bridle to lead the horse.
Shedrow Stable area or row of barns.
Silks The colourful shirt and cap cover worn by a jockey, which signifies the owner or stable of the horse he is riding.
Also referred to as “colours”.
Sloppy Track Running surface “wetter” than good but not as thick as “muddy” or “heavy.” Socks or Stockings White leg markings.
Sophomore 3-year-old horse.
Sound Free of physical problems.
Sprint Short race — 7 furlongs or less. Stayer Horse capable of running long distances.
Step Up When a horse moves up in class to face stiffer competition.
Stewards Racing officials are responsible for enforcing the rules of racing.
Tack All equipment, saddle, bridle and blinkers. (To “tackup” is to put saddle & bridle on the horse).
Take Back To restrain a horse back of the pace.
Taken Up To pull a horse up sharply during the running of a race to avoid making contact with another horse.
Tattoos Registration numbers on the inside of the upper lip.
Consisting of one letter and five numbers.
The letter is the same for all horses born in that year.
Teaser Horse used at breeding farms to find out if the mare is ready to receive the stallion.
Tongue-tie Cotton band tied around a horse’s tongue and jaw to keep the bit above the tongue: to prevent the tongue obstructing air passages during a race.
Track Bias Racing surface, which favours a particular running style or post position. (For example, a track bias can favour either “frontrunners” or “closers”, or horses running on the inside or outside.) 84 • A GUIDE TO THOROUGHBRED OWNERSHIP IN CANADA Trip Each individual horse’s performance in a race — especially pertaining to degree of difficulty.
Turf Grass racing surface.
Up to weight Describes a horse that is capable of carrying a substantial amount of weight due to its bone size, weight and overall make-up.
Urinalysis Testing urine of horse for drugs or medication.
Valet Jockey’s assistant, employed by the racing association to clean and care for a jockey’s tack and other riding equipment (including delivery of clean silks for each race).
Washy Horse that is already sweaty and lathered before a race starts.
Weanling Thoroughbred after being weaned until he/she is deemed a yearling on New Year’s Day following his/her foaling.
Weaving Swaying motion in stall, or act of “threading way” through field in a race. Weight-for-Age The fixed scale of weights carried by horses according to their age and sex, distance of the race and the season of the year.
Weights 1) The “weight” a horse is assigned to carry; the race’s conditions, and the horse’s age are factored in. 2) The combined weight of jockey and gear (saddle, and any extra weights added to bring total “weight” up to a particular race’s specified conditions.) Whistling Result of overstraining of horse’s lungs and respiratory muscles.
Wind The term used to indicate a horse’s capacity for breath, thus its endurance.
Wobbler Neurological disease due to compression of the spinal cord.
Seen principally in 2-year-olds and 3-year-olds.
Yearling Thoroughbreds between the first New Year’s Day after being foaled and the following Jan. 1st.. A GUIDE TO THOROUGHBRED OWNERSHIP IN CANADA • 85 NOTES NOTES NOTES
Read more about Teaser Horse used at breeding farms to find out if the mare is ready to receive the stallion: