phaa_rulebook_2012.doc Page 16 Rule Book Effective 1st August, 2012 The Paint Horse should show balance, a harmonious development of all parts.
His disposition should be highly manageable, but still imply alertness and animation.
He should show style and beauty, balance and symmetry – overall quality.
Chest The chest should be deep, fairly wide, but well forked.
It should denote good power, but ample mobility.
Head The head should be well proportioned to the rest of the body, refined, clean cut, with good width between large clear eyes.
The face should be straight, the muzzle relatively small, the mouth shallow and the jaw broad and strongly muscled.
Ears should be short to medium size, well carried and active.
Legs The legs should be straight, true and squarely set.
Hocks should be clean cut, correctly set and not too high.
The knees should be straight and taper gradually into the leg.
The fetlocks should be naturally clean with no excess hair.
Appearance of a shield.
The Tobiano paint will usually have the dark colour in one or both flanks.
The Tobiano may either be predominantly dark or white.
A horse which has been genetically tested to be Tobiano positive (TO) which meets the bloodline but fails to meet the minimum colour requirements for PHAA regular registration shall be registered as Paint Bred (Solid).
Genetic colour information may be recorded on the registration papers. Overo The head markings of the Overo Paint are often bald, apron or even bonnet-faced.
At least one leg and often all four legs will be the dark colour.
Body markings on the Overo are usually irregular, rather scattered and/or having splashy white markings, often referred to as calico patterns.
Usually the white will not cross the back between the withers and the tail.
The tail will usually be only one colour.
The Overo Paint may either be predominantly dark or white. Neck The neck should be fairly long, and neatly join long, smooth sloping shoulders.
Short, thick necks are most undesirable.
The neck should emulate keenness, and the throatlatch should be ample, but clean cut.
The head and neck of the Paint Horse should show boldness and masculinity in the stallion, refinement and femininity in the mare.
Rear The rear quarter of the Paint should feature a long croup, heavily defined stifle, a hip that runs well down into the leg.
The gaskin should be powerful proportionately both inside and outside. 135.
IDENTIFICATION GUIDE: Tobiano The head will usually be marked like a solid coloured horse, either being solid or having a blaze, stripe, race or star and snip.
All four legs will usually be white, at least below the hocks and knees.
However, one or more legs may be dark below the hocks or knees.
Body markings will usually be regular and distinct, often being oval or round patterns that extend down over the neck and chest giving the phaa_rulebook_2012.doc Page 17 Rule Book Effective 1st August, 2012 Sabino “Typical” markings are at least one white sock, (in the majority of cases) back socks usually end in an upward shaped point, white on bottom lip (not always) coon tail (not always) white ticking in coat, particularly in flank area.
Small blaze to bald or apron faced. “Louder” examples will have white patches or mottled white areas extending up the legs (particularly hind legs) and under the belly with occasionally a white patch or splash on the body.
White ‘ticking’ throughout the coat can also be a characteristic of the Sabino coat pattern. (see also ‘Roan’) A gene test is available for the Sabino 1 gene (SB1) although there are thought to be several ‘Sabino’ genes responsible for what are known as Sabino markings.
Horses with the following Bloodline requirements will be considered to be registered as Sabino.
I. ‘Crop-Outs’ Horses registered with the Australian Quarter Horse Association or the Australian Stud Book (ASB Thoroughbred) that meet the minimum colour requirements for PHAA regular registration, may be considered for registration.
Such registration applications shall be considered by the PHAA Board of Directors for classification.
Any such eligible horse may be registered as Sabino.
Sabino x QH/ASB Progeny from PHAA Sabino regular registered horses and horses registered with the AQHA or the ASB, that meet the bloodline and minimum colour requirements for PHAA regular registration, may be registered as Sabino.
Sabino x Sabino Progeny from two PHAA Sabino regular registered horses, that meet the minimum colour requirements for PHAA regular registration, may be registered as Sabino.
Sabino x Overo Sabino marked horses with Overo bloodlines that meet the bloodline and minimum colour requirements for PHAA regular registration, will be registered as Overo, unless they have been genetically tested to be OLWS negative.
Sabino marked OLWS negative horses may be considered for registration as Sabino.
A horse which has been genetically tested to be Sabino positive which meets the bloodline but fails to meet the minimum colour requirements for PHAA regular registration, shall be registered as Paint Bred (Solid).
Genetic colour information may be recorded on the registration papers.
No horse will be classified as Sabino should they be shown to be positive for the OLWS gene.
The PHAA may request proof of a negative OLWS genetic test on any horse prior to allowing classification as ‘Sabino’.
A negative OLWS gene test does not automatically give ‘Sabino’ classification.
Horses that display ‘Splashed White’ characteristics may be classified as such.
Sabino or Splashed White classification will be considered by the PHAA Board of Directors on a case by case basis. ii. iii. iv. Tobero – Tobiano / Overo Cross The Tobiano-Overo cross can produce some real puzzles in pattern identification.
Some such crosses produce perfectly marked Tobianos, some perfectly marked Overos, some perfectly solid coloured horses.
Others show characteristics of both patterns.
This combination pattern is called Tobero.
This pattern may produce a predominately white Tobiano with Overo traits around the head, that is, a bonnet face or white head with dark ears.
Tobero marked horses that meet the bloodline and minimum colour requirements for PHAA regular registration will be registered and as Tobero if: a.
They have Overo and Tobiano bloodlines or b.
Test positive for the OLWS gene (O) and the Tobiano gene (TO)
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